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RADIO CONTROL

A Beginners Guide

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2 Welcome GREAT HOBBIES

Welcome to Great Hobbies and the wonder-


ful world of Radio Control! If you are new to the
hobby, you will most certainly have an exciting
journey ahead of you. There is an aspect of radio We are proud to have:
control for just about everyone and we hope this
publication will help you find your niche and give Lowest Prices
you an idea of what you will need to get started.
We are also happy that you have found Great
Hobbies, Canadas largest and leading dealer for Largest Stock
Jim Ewing radio control products. Our goal is to help you attain
President and Founder the most enjoyment from your hobby as possible.
We have been serving modelers, like yourself, from coast to coast Widest Selection
and around the world for 20 years now, and endeavor to give you the
best service, selection and pricing possible. Best Technical Assistance
In Radio Control, A Beginners Guide we will briefly introduce
you to all forms of radio control modeling. We will touch on the basics
of each discipline and help you become familiar with some of the con- Friendly, Bilingual Service
cepts, equipment and jargon. We will also suggest products that would
be ideal for the first time modeler.
The products shown here are just a small fraction of the prod- Warehouses to serve you from
ucts that we have available. For a more complete view of our product both ends of the country
selection be sure to order one of our 320 page catalogs or visit our
very extensive web site at www.greathobbies.com. All products can
be purchased on-line and there are thousands of pages of hobby and and the best customers...
product information.
We hope you enjoy your new hobby and please let us know ...Thank you!
how we can help get your startedand thank you for your interest
in Great Hobbies!

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All material in this publication is copyright 2006 Great Hobbies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Our 20th Anniversary Catalog


At 320 pages, its North Americas Largest and Most Complete Radio Control Catalog!
At Great Hobbies we are pleased to offer you the most complete catalog available to
the radio control consumer. Our 20th Anniversary Catalog is 320 pages packed full
with the industrys best products including radio control aircraft, sailplanes, electric
aircraft, helicopters, boats, cars & trucks, radios, engines, parts, accessories, books,
simulators, wooden ship models, free flight models and control line models.

Our catalog is free with your first $50 order or you can purchase one for $7.00
(including taxes and shipping to Canadian addresses), fully refundable with your
first order of $50 or more within 90 days. You can order your copy by calling our
1-800-839-3262 toll free order line, or by visiting our web site and placing one in
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C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Policy & Index 3

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Pricing
All pricing in this publication is accurate only at the time of printing. We will en-
Stratford
deavour to keep prices as constant as possible, however, all prices, descriptions, Prince Edward Island
specifications and availability are subject to change without notice. Please confirm
pricing with either our 1-800 operators (1-800-839-3262) or on our web site (www.
greathobbies.com). All prices are in Canadian dollars.

Ordering
You can place your order by phone, fax, mail, or on-line using the secure shopping
cart on our web site. Orders are shipped from both locations.
17 Glen Stewart Drive
Toll-Free Order Line ............................................. 1-800-839-3262 Stratford, PE
Technical Assistance/Ordering .................................1-902-569-3262 C1B 2A8
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24-Hour Toll-Free FAX........................................... 1-888-478-2580
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Order by mail: ...................................................... Great Hobbies Fax: 902-569-5373
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Payment
We accept payment by Visa & Master Card for phone, fax and on-line orders. We will Edmonton
also accept C.O.D. payment for orders within Canada. A Canada Post COD charge
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ders by cheque, money order or wire transfer. Please ensure there is enough funds
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Taxes 5144 - 75th Street


Orders to destinations within Prince Edward Island will be charged 7% GST and 10%
PST. Orders to destinations within Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland Edmonton, AB
will be charged 15% HST. Orders to destinations within all other Canadian locations
will be charged 7% GST only. Orders to addresses outside of Canada will have no
T6E 6W2
taxes applied. Taxes or duties may be due upon delivery for importation of goods to Tel: 780-466-3388
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Shipping
All orders are shipped Canada Post Expedited unless requested otherwise. Express Post
and Priority Post are also available for faster delivery timesshipping charges will be
higher, however. All credit card and COD orders will be charged actual shipping costs
Whats Inside
which may include applicable COD, over-length, or insurance fees. All orders are sent
insured for loss. Getting Started in R/C Aircraft .................... 4
Returns Introduction to Model Engines .................... 7
If you receive a product which you have ordered and it is not what you had expected,
you may return the product within 30 days from date of invoice for a refund on the
price of the product or credit to an alternate purchase. Fuel, glow plugs, batteries, R/C Aircraft Glossary ................................ 8
paints, adhesives, and opened software cannot be returned. Any item being returned
must be in new, unused condition and include the original packaging. Also, you
MUST call our 1-800-839-3262 line to obtain return authorization. Do not use a Getting Started in R/C Sailplanes ............... 10
product unless you intend to keep it! We will not accept used merchandise and we
will not accept packages sent to us COD.
Getting Started in Electric Aircraft ............. 13
When returning an item, include a written explantation for the return as the person pro-
cessing your package will not necessarily be the same person you speak to on the phone.
Getting Started in R/C Helicopters .............. 16
If, by error, we have sent you a product which was not what you had ordered, we will
be happy to replace the item for you. Call our 1-800-839-3262 line for authorization
and return instructions.
Introduction to Radio Systems .................. 19
Defective Merchandise Radio Glossary ..................................... 20
If you receive a product and find that it is defective right out of the package, you may
obtain return authorization from Great Hobbies and return it within 30 days for repair
or replacement. If you receive a kit and there are parts missing, you must approach the Simulators .......................................... 22
manufacturer directly for replacement parts. Once an item has been used you must re-
fer to the manufacturers warranty. The manufacturer, not Great Hobbies, is responsible
for all manufacturing defects and liabilities.
Getting Started in Model Boats ................. 23
Limit of Liability Getting Started in R/C Cars & Trucks ........... 26
Great Hobbies accepts no responsibility for crash damage, liability, and/or loss of
kits, radios, engines, accessories, etc. incurred during operation of a model. In most
cases, it is very difficult, if not impossible to determine whether crash damage was Introduction to Batteries ......................... 30
actually due to equipment failure or operator error. Great Hobbies maintains no re-
sponsibility for inadvertent errors in our promotional literature. All prices, specifica-
tions and availability are subject to change without notice. Model Aeronautics Association of Canada .... 31
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
4 Aircraft GREAT HOBBIES

Model comes pre-built with only 20 minutes of final assembly required


Pivot Flex wing mounting combines advantage of both elastics & bolt on
Center Core main wing rib for securely joining wing halves & mounting aileron servo
Easy Align tail mounting system; Snap Gear quick landing gear mounts
Spin Control airfoil extensions; Speed Brakes training flaps; Iso Smooth engine mounts Only
Wingspan: 68 in Wing area: 722 sq. in Length 56 in Weight: 6 lbs. $459.99
Radio: 4-ch Futaba 4YBF(included) Engine: OS.46 FXi (included) HOBA17XX
A Futaba 4YBF 4-ch radio system
is included and comes pre-installed Required to Complete
in the aircraft.
Safety Stick
HOBP3335
$5.69
Fuel Pump
HANPUMPH
$15.99
A Futaba Active Flight Stabilization(AFS) unit is Kwik Start Glo-Plug Igniter
included to constantly detect and correct any An OS.46 FXi, a special version of the proven A special NexSTAR Edition of the RealFlight RC DUB666
signs of uneven flight through the use of so- .46 FX, is included and pre-installed. The simulator is included so you can develop piloting $17.99
phisticated on-board sensors. Let go of the engine features limiters on the needle valve skills before you go to the field. It is taylored
Plus you will also need fuel
sticks and the model will return to level flight. preventing it from being leaned out too much. specifically to the performance of the NexSTAR.

Getting Started in R/C aircraft... Alpha


Trainer Combo
Welcome to the world of radio controlled model airplanes. This
certainly must be one of the most exciting and enjoyable hobbies
in existence, encompassing so many different interests. What other
hobby involves aerodynamics, woodworking, composite materials,
electronics, mechanics, small motors, drafting, artistry, fresh air and
the outdoors, and club activitiespractically all at the same time?
If you have not already seen an R/C aircraft in action, head to the
local club field when there is some activity, meet some of the fliers
and get to enjoy it first hand. Once you see it, youll be hooked!
The first thing one must realize about a radio controlled model Wingspan: 63 in Wing area: 710 sq. in Length 52 in Weight: 5 lbs.
aircraft is that it is not a toy. The model, is a real aircraft which flies Radio: 4-ch Quatro (included) Motor: Evolution (included)
and operates by the same principles as its full-scale counterpartthe
only difference is size and weight. Models fly at speeds between 10 Only Required to Complete
and 160 MPH with the average trainer flying between 40 and 60
MPH! These are not slow vehicles, nor can they be flown in an aver-
$339.99 Safety Stick
HAN2475 HOBP3335
age backyardthey require space! And just like their bigger broth-
Comes completely built
$5.69
ers, they require a learned skill to be controlled properly. It is not
Quality all-wood construction Fuel Pump
simply a matter of pushing a button to take off, another to land, etc.
Comes pre-covered in genuine UltraCote HANPUMPH
Most people, after they have become acquainted with the hob-
by, realize it is more complex than they may have first believed it
Includes a flight simulator $15.99
Only minutes of assembly required to complete
is more than just boys playing with their toys! By the same token, the The Alpha is an ideal first aircraft Kwik Start Glo-Plug Igniter
challenge of learning the new skills required makes the hobby that DUB666
Includes Quattro 4-ch radio installed, complete with a
much more enjoyable and satisfying. It is not a hobby with which JR/Futaba trainer cord. $17.99
one easily gets bored! You will garner years of enjoyment from the Includes EVO 2-cycle engineinstalled Plus you will also need fuel
hobby, especially if you get started on the right foot.
There are two steps you should take to
get yourself flying the fastest and in the most
enjoyable way. The first is to get involved
with the local club or group of people that fly R/C Pilots Getting Started
in your area. Their experience and help will Handbook in R/C Planes
be invaluable to you in both building your MAN2020 MAN2025
aircraft and learning to fly. The second is to $29.99
outfit yourself with a good trainer aircraft for
$29.99
your first plane. This is not the time in your A comprehensive guide to flying radio control model airplanes, Gerry Yarrish an editor of Model Airplane News magazine
covering basic to advanced flying techniquessomething for who has a lifetime of experience in the hobbywrites specifi-
modeling career to build and fly that P-51
every level of experience. Over 190 pages with lots of photos cally for the novice who wants to learn to build and fly model
Mustang youve been fantasizing about. and diagrams covering most aspects of the hobby including airplanes quickly and successfully. Learn about joining a club,
training, racing, aerobatics, combat & hot-dogging! choosing an aircraft & meeting the challenges of the hobby.
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Aircraft 5
Kadet LT-40
What You Will Need... Almost Ready-to-Fly & Kit Versions
The following is a description of the items required to start flying
a glow-powered, radio controlled model aircraft. Keep in mind, there Pre-built all wood construction
is a wide selection available for each one of these items. Pre-covered in genuine Oracover
Includes complete hardware package
The Plane
As mentioned previously, you should select a model that is de-
signed specifically for training the new pilot. Typically these aircraft Kadet LT-40 ARF
will have a high wing, simple sturdy construction, excellent plans and SIGRC67ARF
instructions, and be easy to fly. In this guide, we show you some of the Wingspan: 70 in Wing area: 900 sq. in Weight: 5-6 lbs.
best choices for a model and what you will require to go with it. Radio: 4-ch, 4 servo Engine: .30 to .40 2-C, .40 to .50 4-C $149.99
Perhaps the first decision to make with regard to your first model is Required to Complete Both Versions
whether you want to build a complete kit or just do some simple assembly
with an Almost-Ready-to-Fly (ARF) model. An ARF model will usually Hitec Laser 4 Safety Stick
Radio System HOBP3335
have the bulk of the construction completed and it will even be covered. HIT156721
Usually the only assembly to be done is joining the wing halves, adding $5.69
the tail surfaces, mounting the radio system, engine and landing gear, and $134.99
connecting the control surfaces. The building of a complete kit is more Fuel Pump
involved, and certainly takes more time, but on the same token, it is usu- HANPUMPH
ally more satisfying to those so inclined. Also, when you build your own $15.99
model from a box of wood and plastic parts, you become familiar with air- Thunder Tiger .46 Pro
craft construction and if the day comes when you have to do some repair Engine Kwik Start Glo-Plug Igniter
work, you may find it easier, having done the building in the first place. TTT46PRO DUB666
You will notice on the previous page that you can also get an ARF $114.99 $17.99
combo which comes with just about everything you will need, plus
it has more of the work done for youthe engine and radio come 10 x 6 Prop
installed! Generally it will take less than an hour to get it flying! Glow Plugs MAS1060
HAN3006
Another consideration when choosing your first plane is how many $3.09
control functions or channels (one radio channelnot to be confused $7.49 12 Minute Epoxy
with frequencyfor each function) you wish to use. Trainer aircraft are HANEPX12
#67 Rubber Bands
available in both three channel and four channel configurations. Most
aircraft fly with four channels, these being the Rudder, Elevator, Throttle, GHP#67 $11.99
and Ailerons. Trainers, however, can also fly without the use of ailerons. A $5.99
greater dihedral (angle of the wings from the horizontal) on these trainers
Silicone Tubing Foam Rubber
makes them more stable and can also produce gentle turns using rudder Fuel Filters (3) DUB514
MAS4500 2 x DUB197
only. Usually a three channel model flies more slowly and is easier to fly
than one with four functions and a flatter wing. Four channel models can $2.39 $1.19 x 2 $6.19
usually handle the wind a bit better, however, and most trainers tend to
be configured this way. Check with your local instructor to see which type
of model he recommends and is more comfortable teaching with. If you
are learning on your ownwhich we strongly do not recommend you Quality all wood construction
should have a much better chance with a three channel model than a four. Precision die-cut & laser-cut parts
Extensive Du-Bro hardware included
We would also recommend using a simulator for learning (page 22).
There are generally a number of additional items that will be
necessary when building a kit. Most kits supply the airframe of the Build your own!
model and do not contain such things as the radio system, the engine, Kadet LT-40 Kit
wheels, covering material, and items related to the engine such as fuel Wingspan: 70 in Wing area: 900 sq. in Weight: 5-6 lbs. SIGRC67
tank, fuel tubing, propeller, spinner, etc. ARF models usually contain Radio: 4-ch, 4 servo Engine: .30 to .40 2-C, .40 to .50 4-C $109.99
most items except radio, engine and propeller. With each model we
Additional Items for Kit
offer here, we will show you all the items necessary to complete it. 1 oz. Flash glue
NHP311Thin Plus you will need the basic tools as
The Radio described on the following page.
Along with your aircraft, you will need a radio to control it. Most
$5.99
MonoKote covering.
aircraft radio systems have four or more channel capability and come (3 rolls min. required)
with just about everything you need including the rechargeable bat-
tery packs. Refer to our Introduction to Radio Systems section (page 2 oz. Flash glue $14.99
19) for more information on this. NHP322Medium
One thing you may want to look for when buying your first $9.99
radio is buddy box capability. The buddy box is where two ra-
dio transmitters may be connected together through a cablethe
instructor holds one and the student holds the other. The student
Model Engine Fuel
can have control over the model as long as the instructor holds a
In addition to the items shown with the models, you will require glow fuel
spring loaded trainer switch on his transmitter. If the student gets into
for the engine to operate. Glow fuel is made up of an alcohol base with nitro
trouble, the instructor releases the switch and regains full control of
methane, synthetic and/or castor oils, and special additives. You cannot use
the model. This can greatly decrease the learning time and also be
gasoline in model glow engines!
good insurance against accidents with the novice pilot. Check with
the local club or instructor to see if they have buddy box capability IMPORTANT NOTE: Fuel is considered dangerous goods and must be shipped
and if so, you may wish to purchase a compatible radio system. as dangerous goods. It CANNOT be sent in the mail.
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
6 Aircraft GREAT HOBBIES

Basic Tools
The Engine
To power your model airplane you will require an engine. The #1 Knife
HOBRO100
most common type of engine for model aircraft is the glow engine. Gas
engines are not common in trainer aircraft. For more information on $2.79 Mitre Box &
engines refer to our Introduction to Model Engines section (page 7). Razor Saw
Razor Plane HOBRO240
Tools and Adhesives MAS4100
$18.99
Whether youre building a complete kit or just assembling an ARF $9.19
model you will certainly need a few basic tools and some adhesives.
The most common tools used in building kits include a modeling
knife (such as a #1 Hobby Knife), T-pins (for holding parts over your
full-size plans), a small razor plane, a fine razor saw, small screw driv-
ers, pliers, etc. A sealing iron will be needed to apply covering to the 1 T-pins (100)
completed airframe. A drill with standard size bits can come in very DUB253
handy as well. Other, more expensive tools such as a Dremel rotary $4.19
tool are also of benefit to the modeler but are not absolutely necessary
Sealing Iron
to the beginner. HANIRON
There are a variety of adhesives used in building models and you
will need some of these for completion of your project. The most com- $19.99
monly used adhesive today is the cyanoacrylate (similar to the famous Cyanoacrylate Adhesives
Crazy Glues). These are now specially formulated for working with
wood in various thicknesses and setting speeds.
The thin cyanoacrylate is the fastest curing (usually 3 to 5 sec-
onds!) and is best suited to balsa wood where the joint is good fitting
1 oz. 2 oz.
and has a solid contact surface. The parts should be joined first and NHP311Thin NHP312Thin
then the thin cyanoacrylate applied to the joint. The glue will wick NHP321Medium NHP322Medium
into the joint and form a solid bond. The thicker or gap-filling cya- NHP331Thick NHP332Thick
noacrylate is great for general purpose building where balsa, spruce
or light plywood is involved. Apply the adhesive to the parts and then
$5.99@ $9.99@
join. Drying time is in the order of 5 to 10 seconds. The thickest cya-
noacrylate, also referred to as slow-setting, can be used like the
gap-filling cyanoacrylate where slightly longer cure times might be Buy any 3
desired. Drying is in the order of 30 seconds to a minute. and refer to our Great
All cyanoacrylates may be cured more quickly with the aid of an Deal #GHPHD20 Flash Back Flashtac
accelerator or kicker which is sprayed onto the joint after gluing. when ordering Debonder Accelerator
Another family of adhesives which is very popular in constructing NHP2101 oz. NHP2082 0z.
models is Epoxy. This is a two part adhesive which is mixed and then Save 17% $4.99 $7.99
applied to the surface to be bonded. Epoxy is especially useful when
working with foam parts as it will not attack the Styrofoam. Epoxies are This is great stuff!
very strong and many kits recommend it specifically for certain parts Youll use it on everything around the house too!
of the construction.
Optional Field Gear
Field Equipment
There will also be a few basic items needed for airplane support
at the field when you are actually ready to fly your model. Du-Bro Final Filter
First, you will need fuel (usually sold by the gallon jug) and a DUB162$4.59
way of getting it from the container into the fuel tank. This could be Hangar 9 Electric Starter Hangar 9 Electric Fuel Pump
as simple as a bulb fuel pump or hand pump, or more complex like a HANSTARTER$39.99 HANPUMPE$19.99
battery powered electric fuel pump.
The second basic necessity is power for your glow plug. As described
in our Introduction to Model Engines section (page 7), a glow engine
needs to have current flowing through the element in its glow plug before
it can start running. This current is supplied by a 1.2 to 1.5 volt battery or Prather Large Fuel Line
by an adjustable circuit called a glow driver, frequently found on power 2 x PRA7090$1.39 Hangar 9 Power Panel
panels. The power panel gets its power from a 12V battery. HANPANEL$26.99
Additional field support items should include a prop/glow plug
wrench, a safety-stick for starting your engine, and a few basic tools.
Once into the hobby, most modelers will go with field support
consisting of the following: A flight box to hold everything; a power Hobbico Pre-Built Field Box
12V Sealed Battery HOBP5025$44.99
panel; a 12 volt battery to power the power panel; a charger to charge Thunder Tiger 4-Way Wrench
GHP12V7A$26.99
the 12 volt battery; a glow plug clip to apply power to the glow plug TTT102$6.99
from the power panel; an electric fuel pump which can be operated
from the power panel; fuel line, filters, and cap fittings for the fuel
container to connect to the pump and the fuel tank; a 12 volt electric Hangar 9 Recoil Fuel Line
starter which can be powered from the power panel; a 4-way glow HAN151$8.99
plug/prop wrench; miscellaneous tools; spare glow plugs; and spare Hangar 9 Glow Plug Clip
propellers. The level of field support you choose initially will usually Du-Bro Cap Fittings HANLOCSOC$7.99
Hangar 9 12V Charger
DUB192$4.39
depend on how much you want to spend right away. HANCHG12V$14.99

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Engines 7
Introduction to Model Engines... Gas Powered Engines
Gas powered engines (using gaso-
Radio controlled models may be powered by various types of engines in- line) are becoming very popular in pow-
cluding electric motors, 2-cycle glow engines, 4-cycle glow engines, and ering larger model cars, boats and planes.
gas engines. Each have their own advantages and disadvantages and all They dont usually come in sizes suitable
are widely used by thousands of modelers all over the world. Refer to the for medium and smaller size models, but
section Getting Started in Electric Aircraft (page 13) for more information for the large models they provide good
on electric motors. power at a reasonable cost and are inex-
pensive to run. A spark plug provides the
Glow Powered Engines fire and no external power is required in Zenoah G38 gas engine
Model glow engines come in two forms 2-cycle and 4-cycle. Both use starting. Fuel is usually a gas and oil mixture. Boat and car versions
glow fuel which is a methanol based fuel with castor and/or synthetic oil are usually equipped with a recoil pull starter for an easy start.
as a lubricant. The major difference in the two types is the way fuel is de-
livered to, and exhaust is expelled from the engine during operation. Where Do You Start?
In a 2-cycle engine the fuel/air mix- For straight simplicity, ease of maintenance, overall performance
ture (as metered by the carburetor) is and lower cost, we generally recommend that the beginner choose a
forced into the combustion chamber two-cycle glow engine for their first model aircraft. Choose an engine
during the down stroke of the piston. that is in the upper portion of the displacement range recommended
During the upstroke the mixture is com- for the model. You can always throttle back and you have reserve
pressed and when the piston reaches power if you need it to get out of a spot.
the top of its stroke, the glow plug ignites
the compressed gases, forcing the piston Ball Bearings or Bushings?
down. On the way down exhaust gases OS 46 AX 2-cycle engine You can get engines with either ball bearing supported crank-
escape through the exhaust port while shafts or with just bushings. Ball bearing engines usually have better
the fuel mixture enters the chamber. The entire power cycle takes 2 strokes performance, run smoother, and last longer with proper maintenance
of the piston. but are more expensive than those with bushings.
In a 4-cycle engine the fuel/air mixture (as metered by the carbure-
tor) is brought into the combustion chamber during the downstroke of Ringed or ABC?
the piston through a valve operated by the crankshaft. On the upstroke The piston and cylinder for model engines are generally co-
the valve closes and the mixture is compressed. When the piston reaches structed in one of two methodsringed or ABC. At one time, ringed
the top of its stroke, the glow plug ignites
engines were the norm. In a ringed engine, an aluminum or iron pis-
the mixture forcing the piston down. On
ton with a steel ring around its perimeter, moves in an iron sleeve.
the next upstroke of the piston, a second
The ring provides the compression when operating.
valve opens and allows the exhaust gas-
More recently the majority of engines utilize what is known as
ses to escape. The fuel mixture again
ABC construction. The term ABC comes from the fact that the first en-
enters on the down stroke. The entire
gines produced this way consisted of an Aluminum piston moving in a
power cycle takes place in 4 strokes of
Brass cylinder that was Chrome plated. More recently, different com-
the piston.
binations of metals have be used in their construction such as using
The glow plug is common to both
an aluminum piston in a chrome-plated aluminum cylinder or using
2-cycle and 4-cycle engines and is
an aluminum piston in a nickel-plated brass cylinder. These engines
Saito FA 100 4-cycle engine made up of a tiny little coil of platinum
are still often referred to as ABC, however. In all cases the piston and
wire. To start the engine, an electric cur-
rent, supplied by a 1.5 volt battery, must run through the coil to heat it. The cylinder are matched at the factory to give a perfect fit and provide
engine is then turned over to get it running. Once the combustion cycle has optimum compression.
started, the coil in the plug can retain heat between firing and current is not Ringed engines are easy to flip start, they generate good power, are
necessary. inexpensive to restore compression after long usage by simply replac-
The mixture for both types of glow engines is usually adjusted by two ing the ring, and are generally slightly cheaper. ABC engines start easily
needle valves on the carburetor. One needle valve adjusts mixture for idle by hand, give more power than their ringed counterparts, have a good
and low speed operation while the other is for high speed mixture adjust- lifespan, and are less susceptible to damage with a lean run. They are
ment. Engines for control line models do not usually have carburetors and slightly more expensive to buy and more expensive to restore compres-
operate only at full throttle. A needle valve is mounted at the air intake and sion if required as the entire piston/cylinder assembly must be replaced.
adjusts mixture at high speed only. No extended break-in is required for an ABC engine.
Throttle control for R/C engines is usually accomplished via a rotating
barrel in the carburetor. This barrel controls the amount of fuel/air mixture Schnuerle Porting
going to the combustion chamber and is activated by a small arm mounted Schnuerle porting refers to the way the fuel/air mixture enters
on the side of the carburetor. the combustion chamber in a 2-cycle engine. Rather than a single
Two-cycle engines are the most common model aircraft power plant. port opposite the exhaust as with conventional porting, Schnuerle
They are simple, light, easy to operate and easy to maintain, and are gener- porting has several ports on three sides of the cylinder giving great-
ally inexpensive. They operate at a high RPM with a high pitched sound. er power. Most model 2-cycle engines are now Schnuerle ported.
Four-cycle engines are growing in popularity and produce a lower, more
scale-like sound. They produce their power at lower RPM than two-cycle Glow Plugs
engines. Because of their valves, they have a higher part count and thus are There are two lengths of glow plugs available. The short ones are
usually more expensive than two-cycle engines. They may also require a generally used on engines of .15 cu in displacement and smaller. The
bit more maintenance and adjustment than their two-cycle counterparts but long plugs are used on all engines larger than .15. Please follow the
they are not difficult to operate and maintain and they sure sound great! manufacturers recommendations when choosing a glow plug.

w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
8 Aircraft Glossary GREAT HOBBIES

The following are some terms related to layer of paint to finish it and make it resistant the engine throttle.
model aircraft with which you may wish to the exhaust of the engine. Covering materi- Flying Stab - A flying stab is where the sta-
to become familiar. als come on a roll and in many different colors bilizer/elevator is one complete unit which all
and may be cut to rough shape before being moves to control the pitch of the aircraft.
Aileron - An Aileron is a moveable surface on ironed onto the airframe. Foam Rubber - Foam rubber is used to wrap
the trailing edge of the wing which provides Crucix tail - Crucifix tail refers to a stabilizer the radio receiver and receiver battery pack in
directional control of the roll of the aircraft. that is mounted part way up the fin. This is a the plane so that they will be isolated from the
A Strip Aileron is an aileron that is narrow compromise between the conventional tail vibration of the running engine.
and usually takes up the entire, or most of the and the T-tail, combining some of the major Fuselage - The fuselage is the body part of the
trailing edge of a wing. A Barn-door Aileron advantages of both. aircraft which holds the passengers, cargo, or
is wider and takes up a smaller portion of the Dihedral - The Dihedral of a wing is the V- in the case of an R/C aircraft, the radio system.
trailing edge towards the wing tip. shape the wing makes or the angle between the Glide Ratio - The glide ratio is defined as
wing and the horizontal. Usually the greater the the distance traveled in a horizontal direction
Semi-Symmetrical Airfoil
dihedral angle the more stable the aircraft will compared with the vertical distance dropped
be (to a point) and is common in trainer type on a normal glide. A 10 to 1 glide ratio means
Symmetrical Airfoil aircraft. A flat wing with little or no dihedral is that the aircraft would loose one foot of alti-
less stable and more suited to aerobatics. tude for every ten feet of distance traveled.
Flat Bottom Airfoil Elevator - The Elevator is the horizontal Hinges - The hinges are used to connect the
moveable control surface at the tail of the moveable control surfaces of the aircraft to
ercamb
er Airfoil model connected to the stabilizer. It controls the fixed surfaces and allow smooth, easy
Und
direction in pitch. movement. They may take several forms
Airfoil - The Airfoil is the shape of the cross Engine mount - An engine mount supports the including hinge points, pinned hinges,
section of the wing. The front of the airfoil is engine in an aircraft. Some aircraft use wood- living hinges, etc.
the leading edge and is usually a rounded sec- en rails to which the engine is mounted while Landing Gear -The landing gear of the aircraft
tion. The back of the airfoil is the trailing edge others require a shaped nylon or aluminum refers to the support between the wheels and
and usually tapers to nearly a point. The distance mount. The wooden rail type would usually be the wing or fuselage. It is usually formed from
between the two is the wing chord. metal, wire or a nylon/fiberglass
The top surface of the airfoil is usu- combination.
Aileron Fin
ally always curved to allow smooth Pitch - The pitch refers to the angle of
airflow and produce lift. the aircraft in the up or down direction.
Ballast - Ballast is extra weight Engine Wing
Stabilizer Polyhedral - Polyhedral refers to
added to a glider to help it pen- Rudder the multiple angles that wing panels
etrate better in windy weather or to make with the horizontal. A wing
Elevator
increase its speed. Ballast is usually with polyhedral has more than two
added in tubes in the inner portion wing panels and the angle of the
of the wings or in the fuselage at the Nosegear
Fuselage wing changes at each joint.
Spinner
center of gravity. Nosegear Aileron Propellers - The propeller is the
Center of Gravity - The Center of device that converts the rotational
Gravity is the position in the aircraft Propeller
Wing Tip
action of the motor into movement
Main
where if a point was placed, the Landing Gear Wheel of air that creates the thrust to power
plane would balance. The C of G the aircraft. The size of an aircraft
should usually be found along the centerline included in a kit while the molded type may propeller is described by two numbersthe
of the aircraft at a distance approximately 1/3 of or may not be included, depending upon the diameter in inches times the pitch in inches.
the way behind the leading edge of the wing. kit. It is possible to get mounts specifically for For example, a 10 x 6 propeller is a prop of
10 diameter and having 6 of pitch. The di-
Clevis - The Clevis is a small fastener at the a particular engine, although many generic
ameter is simply the length of the prop. The
end of a pushrod, usually made from nylon type mounts are available to fit certain engine
pitch is described as the distance the propel-
or metal, which connects the pushrod to the size ranges. ler will move ahead in a perfect or solid me-
control horn. Clevises may frequently be re- Fin - The Fin, also known as the vertical dium, at 100% efficiency, in one revolution.
ferred to as links. stabilizer, is the fixed vertical surface at the
That is to say, if you were to rotate your 10 x
Control Horn - The Control Horn is a small brack- rear of an aircraft. It provides yaw stability 6 propeller exactly once, your plane would
et mounted on a control surface to transfer the for the aircraft. move ahead 6, assuming this could be done
movement of the pushrod to the control surface. Flap - The Flap is a control surface found on with no slippage.
Control Surface - A moveable surface, at- some aircraft, usually located on the inboard
tached to the airframe of an aircraft, which trailing edge of each wing. Flaps may be low-
controls the direction of the aircraft. ered to increase the lift of the aircraft by simu-
Conventional Tail - A Conventional Tail is lating an under-camber airfoil.
one with the stabilizer mounted directly on Flat Bottom - A Flat Bottom Wing is when
the fuselage and is the usual configuration of the lower surface of the wing is primarily flat
an aircraft. These are the simplest to construct between the leading and trailing edges. This
and seem to be most popular. type of wing has high lift and is common on
Covering - The covering of an aircraft is the trainer type aircraft.
skin which is applied to the airframe, closing Flex Cable -A Flex Cable is a special type of Different sizes of motors require different
it in. On R/C aircraft it is commonly a fabric pushrod which is very flexible and can bend size propellers to keep their operating RPMs in
or plastic film which is heat applied with an around corners even more easily than a flex- an optimum range. You can refer to our web
iron. Plastic covering, once applied, gives a ible pushrod. These are generally made with site at www.greathobbies.com for a chart that
indicates which size propellers are generally
durable, shiny finish and requires no further a metal cable running inside a plastic tube
suitable for various sizes of enginesboth 2-
treatment. Fabric covering usually requires a and are popular in controlling
cycle and 4-cycle.
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Aircraft Glossary 9
nose of the aircraft. The spinner may be made gear (see landing gear, page 8)
from plastic or aluminum and functions pri- V-Tail - A V-Tail is a special tail surface con-
marily to improve looks and aerodynamics. figuration where the horizontal stabilizers and
Spoiler - A Spoiler is a control surface more elevators are mounted at an angle between 30
commonly found on gliders and jet aircraft which and 45 degrees in a V-shape and the vertical
is used to slow down the aircraft and decrease lift. fin is eliminated entirely. The stabilizers pro-
They are rarely found on conventional aircraft. vide stability in both pitch and yaw while the
They may be mounted on either the top or bot- moveable surfaces provide directional control
Great Atlantic Fun Fly 2003 tom of the center portion of the wings. in both pitch and yaw.
Stabilizer - The Stabilizer is the fixed hori- Wheel Collars - Wheel Collars are small
Some aircraft or airboats may require a pro- zontal surface at the rear of an aircraft. It pro- metal collars fastened with a set screw to the
peller that pushes the air rather than pulls it. vides pitch stability for the aircraft. axle of an aircraft on either side of the wheel.
These are called Pusher Propellers and they Symmetrical - A Symmetrical airfoil is curved This prevents the wheel from coming off the
are also available. A given engine would re- on the bottom to the same degree as it is on the axle or rubbing against the landing gear.
quire the same size pusher prop as it would a top. If a line was drawn from the center of the Wheels- The wheels for an aircraft come in
tractor type. Pusher propellers are required
leading edge to the center of the trailing edge several styles including treaded, non-treaded,
as most glow engines will only operate cor-
the upper and lower halves of the airfoil would scale tread, air-filled, and super lightweight.
rectly in one direction, so reverse operation is
be symmetrical. This is ideal for aerobatic air- Most brands of wheels are available in sizes
not possible. The main exception to this is the
craft and most lift is created by the angle of in- from 1 to 6, in 1/4 increments.
Cox reed valve engines which will usually run
as comfortably backward as forward. cidence of the wing to the flight path. Wing - The wing of the aircraft is the large
3-Blade propellers are also available for Tail Dragger - This refers to the landing horizontal surface which produces the lift
use in model aircraft. They are not quite as gear configuration where the main landing and allows the aircraft to fly. Wing place-
efficient as the 2-blade props, but the may be gear with two wheels is placed forward of ment may be on the upper part of the fu-
useful in certain applications. A general rule the center of gravity and one small wheel, selage known as a high wing plane. This is
of thumb for selecting a 3-blade prop for your called a tail wheel, is mounted under the more common on trainer type aircraft as a
engine is to reduce the applicable 2-blade size tail of the aircraft. high wing model is more stable due to the
by one inch in the diameter measurement. Tow-hook - The tow-hook is a small metal pendulum effect of the fuselage. A wing
For example, if you are running a mounted on the bottom of the
.40 size engine you would usu- fuselage is referred to as a low-
ally use a 10 x 6 2-blade propel- Stabilizer wing aircraft and is more suit-
ler. If you wish to run a 3-blade Elevator able for aerobatic type aircraft as
propeller, a good choice would Polyhedral stability is more neutral and ma-
be a 9 x 6 3-blade. Three blade Wing Fin noeuvres such as rolls and loops
props are quite often used where are more easily done.
they are more scale looking than Wing Area - The Wing Area
Canopy
2-blades, or when a smaller di- is the total surface area of the
ameter propeller is required due Rudder wing of the aircraft, usually cal-
to restricted clearance. culated by the wingspan times
Pushrod Connectors - The the wing chord, although more
pushrod connector is another complex calculations re used on
means by which a pushrod may Tow hook unconventional wing plans.
Fuselage
be connected to a servo. The con- T-tail Wing Chord -The wing chord of
nector is mounted onto a servo arm an aircraft is the distance from the
and the pushrod wire is secured by a set screw. hook mounted on the bottom of the glider fuse- front or leading edge of a wing to the back
Pushrods - The pushrods are part of the lage at approximately the center of gravity and or trailing edge
control linkage which connects the servo to which the hi-start or winch is connected. Wing loading - Wing loading is defined as
part of the radio system to the control sur- Tricycle Landing Gear- Tricycle refers to the the weight of the aircraft divided by the wing
faces of the aircraft. Pushrods may consist landing gear configuration with a single steer- area. It is usually expressed in ounces per
of a firm piece of balsa or fiberglass rod able nosewheel mounted in front of the center square foot.
with threaded wire and clevises fastened to of gravity, and a set of main landing gear with Wing Seating Tape- Wing seating tape is
both ends, or they may be the flexible type two wheels positioned just behind the center mounted on the fuselage wing saddle where
and take the form of a wire or one plastic of gravity. Tricycle landing gear is usually a the removeable wing fits and isolates the wing
tube running inside another with the ability little easier to use when learning. from vibration as well as to form a seal to keep
to turn around corners. T-tail - The T-tail refers to a stabilizer that is exhaust gases from entering the structure.
Roll - The roll refers to the rotation of the air- mounted on top of the fin. This brings the Wing Span -The Wingspan of an aircraft is
craft around its centerline (one wing up and stabilizer away from the turbulent air-flow the length of the wing as measured from wing
one wing down). of the wing and makes pitch control more tip to wing tip.
Rudder - The Rudder is the moveable control responsive. It also gets the stabilizer out of
surface at the tail of the model connected to harms way when landing on rough terrain. The Wingspan
the fin. It controls direction in yaw T-tail construction is usually more fragile than
Semi-symmetrical - A semi-symmetrical the conventional tail, though, and are more Chord Flaps

airfoil has a curved wing bottom surface but difficult to build.


to a lesser degree than the top surface. It is a Under-camber - An Under-camber airfoil
Ailerons
compromise between the flat bottom and the has the lower surface of the wing curved in-
symmetrical airfoil. This is a very popular air- wardly almost parallel to the upper surface.
Wing Tip - The very outer edge of a wing.
foil on sport type aircraft. This type of airfoil produces a great deal of
Yaw- The yaw refers to the angle of the air-
Spinner - The spinner is the cone shaped ob- lift but is not common in R/C models.
craft in the side to side direction.
ject mounted to the engine prop shaft on the Undercarriage - Another name for landing

w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
10 Sailplanes GREAT HOBBIES

Spirit Select
Getting Started in R/C Sailplanes... Almost Ready-to-Fly Combo
One very popular category for Radio Controlled aircraft is the
glider or sailplane. It is also an excellent way to get into the R/C aircraft Spirit sailplane with 3-ch radio
hobby as it is less expensive and somewhat less complex than pow- already installed. Comes pre-built
ered aircraft. Even though a glider is not powered, it can sustain flight with only 20 minutes of assembly required.
for quite long periods of time and some glider designs can reach quite
high speeds. Many gliders are light and very stable making them an
excellent choice for a beginner to learn to fly. Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 676 sq. in Weight: 32 oz.
Quality all wood construction
There are two basic ways for a glider to retain or gain altitude Pre-covered in genuine MonoKote Length: 39 in. Radio: 3-ch, 2 servo (included)
once airborne and these are thermal lift and slope lift. Includes clear canopy & pilot figure
2-piece wing for easy transport Required to Complete
THERMAL SOARING An ideal first model for slope or thermal soaring
Thermal lift is created by areas of warm air rising from the land.
As the land heats up with the warmth of the sun, the air above it will
begin to warm by the heat radiating from the land. This is especially Only
true over terrain such as a freshly plowed field or a paved parking area. $189.99 12 AA alkalines
As the air heats, it will begin to rise and allow cooler air to move in to GPMA16XX GHPAA4 (4)
replace it. This air, in turn, will heat up, rise, and you will get a con- $3.99 x 3
tinuous current of rising air. As long as the air is rising at a rate greater
than a glider sinks while in flight, the glider can sustain lift.
Gliders designed for thermal soaring are generally of similar shape
with long, slender wings for greater lift and a sleek body for low drag. Many
will have wings with polyhedral (a multiple dihedral) and the tail surfaces
may take several forms such as a conventional tail, crucifix tail, T-tail, or
V-tail. Thermal gliders are generally grouped into four different classes.

Hand Launch The smallest is the hand launch glider with a span
up to 1.5 meters (59). These models are, as the name implies, launched
by hand and it is up to the pilot to remain airborne for as long as possible.
It would certainly help to have a good throwing arm with these models!
Hand Launch is perhaps not the best class with which to start for the begin-
ner as generally these models are small enough to require miniature radio
equipment which is more expensive than the standard size equipment.

Two Meter The second, and most popular size of glider is the 2-Me- Spectra Select
ter with a wingspan of up to 2 meters (78). These models will usually Electric Powered Ready-to-Fly Combo
accommodate standard radio equipment and require 2 channels of con-
trol the rudder for steering and the elevator for pitch. Many have de- Only
tachable wing panels for easy transportation and storage. Launching is Quality all wood construction
Pre-covered in genuine MonoKote
$259.99
best accomplished by either hi-start or winch as will be discussed later. Comes with radio already installed!
GPMA17XX
Comes with electric motor already installed!
Standard Class The third class of sailplane is the standard class Includes spinner, prop & 7-cell battery pack!
with wingspans of up to 100. These models will accommodate stan-
dard radio equipment of 2 to 4 channels, the additional options being
flaps and spoilers. Again, launching is best accomplished by either
hi-start or winch as discussed later. Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 676 sq. in Weight: 48 oz.
Length: 39 in. Radio: 3-ch, 3-servo (included)
Open Class The fourth and largest size of sailplane is the open Required to Complete
class and this encompasses all gliders including those over 100 in
#64 rubber bands
span. Again 2 to 4 channels of control are the norm and launching is GHP#64
best accomplished by winch as will be discussed later.
Once airborne, if lift is poor or the pilot is unskilled, the glider may $2.99
only remain aloft for a couple of minutes. But if there is reasonable lift
and the thermal pilot has a bit of experience, he should be able to keep
8 AA alkalines
his craft aloft for 5, 10, 15 minutes, or as long as there is lift. GHPAA4 (4)
Prophet Plus DYM4054
SLOPE SOARING AC/DC Charger $59.99 $3.99 x 2
Slope lift is generated by a breeze hitting the face of a cliff or
sloping land as depicted in the accompanying diagram. As the breeze
hits the vertical surface, it has no where to go but up. As with thermal
soaring, as long as the upward movement of the air is greater than the
sink rate of the glider, the craft will remain aloft.
All classes of glider will work well in slope lift although some
are suited better than others, depending on the amount of wind. Glid-
ers designed for thermal soaring are better suited to light winds when
slope soaring unless they can be ballasted for a higher wing loading.
When there is lots of wind available, take out a glider that is designed
specifically for slope soaring for a really exciting time. These craft are
usually designed with shorter, swept wings, sleek fuselages, and are
extremely fast and agile. Many look like jets, are capable of most aero- horizontal airflow hits the slope and goes vertical
batic manoeuvres and will sustain flight as long as theres a breeze!

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Sailplanes 11
Build an ARF! Save an Additional $10
Launching Methods... Choose a sailplane kit and everything needed to complete it
and you can take $10 off the total (Refer to Great Deal number GHPHD13 when ordering).
Launching a glider in slope lift is as simple as tossing the model
out over the slope, however, launching for a thermal flight takes a bit more Windstar Mk II
equipment. There are four basic ways of getting a thermal model into flight, Almost Ready-to-Fly
a hi-start, a winch, a glow engine power pod, and an electric motor.

HI-START Quality all wood construction


The hi-start is basically a very long sling-shot. It consists of a Pre-covered in UltraCote
length of surgical tubing (usually 50 to 100 feet) staked to the ground Easy to build and fly
at one end and fastened to about four times as much nylon line (200 An ideal first model for slope or thermal soaring
to 400 feet) at the other. A parachute/ring assembly on the end of Windstar ARF
the nylon line is clipped to a hook on the bottom of the glider at ap- Wingspan: 77.3 in Wing area: 574 sq. in Weight: 32 to 39 oz. TTT4107
proximately the center of gravity. The tubing is stretched to almost four Length: 44 in. Radio: 2-ch, 2 servo (required) $144.99
times its length. When the pilot lets go of the model, it will soar at a
very steep angle until the tubing has relaxed and the model is at peak Spirit
altitude (anywhere from 250 to 400 feet). At that time, the line will Almost Ready-to-Fly
drop off the hook and the parachute will guide the line back to the Quality all wood construction
ground. Since launches are always made into the wind, the parachute Pre-covered in genuine MonoKote Spirit ARF
will carry the line back toward the general location of the launch. The Includes clear canopy & pilot figure GPMA1045
2 piece wing for easy transport
hi-start is an excellent choice for the beginning sailplane pilot.
Only a small amount of assembly required
$125.99
An ideal first model for slope or thermal soaring
WINCH
The winch will launch a glider in a manner very similar to that of
Wingspan: 78.5 in Wing area: 676 sq. in Weight: 32 oz.
a hi-start, but the mechanism to accomplish this is much more com- Length: 39 in. Radio: 2 to 3-ch, 2 to 3-servo (required)
plex and much more expensive. Generally winches are homemade
and consist of an electric motor, powered by a 12 volt car battery, Gentle Lady
driving a drum onto which the nylon towline is wound. Again, a para- Almost Ready-to-Fly Version
chute is used for retrieval of the line. The motor is operated by a foot
switch which is quite often pumped by the operator so as not to over-
power smaller gliders. The power of a winch is substantially greater
Quality all wood construction
than that of a hi-start and that is why it is more suitable for the larger Pre-covered in quality iron-on film
models found in open class. Includes complete hardware package
Gentle Lady ARF
Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 663 sq. in Weight: 22 to 28 oz. GOL060A
POWER POD
The third method of glider launch is by glow engine power as- Length: 41 in. Radio: 2-ch, 2 servo (required) $129.99
sist. This is basically a small engine mounted in a pod atop the center Required to Complete these ARFs
of gravity of the model. It is used to bring the model to altitude and Futaba SS3 AM 12 Minute
then it is shut off or runs out of fuel. This is a great way for attaining Radio System Epoxy
very high altitudes with your model but gliding performance will suf- FUT3FR HANEPX12
fer with a pod mounted engine due to the extra drag. $69.99 $11.99
ELECTRIC MOTOR #64 rubber bands
A fourth method, which has become very popular with the ad- GHP#64
vancement in NiCd technology, is an electric motor launch. The elec- 1 oz. Flash glue
NHP321 Medium $2.99
tric motor is mounted in the nose of the aircraft and will quite often
have a folding prop which will fold back against the fuselage to reduce $5.99
drag when the motor run has completed. The motor is powered by a
Foam Rubber 12 AA alkalines
6 or 7-cell rechargeable NiCd battery pack and will run for between 3 DUB514 GHPAA4 (4)
and 5 minutes. If a separate motor control is utilized, the motor may
$6.19 $3.99 X 3
be turned on and off during flight to regain altitude if lift is poor. The
disadvantage of the electric motor launch is that the extra weight of
the battery will increase wing loading and reduce the glide ratio.

What You Will Need...


THE GLIDER Radio Control Sailplanes
Just as with powered aircraft, there are some glider kits that are better Expertly written by long time glider guider, Alan Gornick, this book
suited to the beginner than others. A good choice would be something in carefully takes you through the entire processfrom choosing the
the 2-meter class requiring only 2 channels of control, a kit with a sturdy
type and class of the sailplane that suits you, to the final step of
construction, and good building instructions. This type of aircraft is rec-
flying it. Flying techniques are described in easy to understand
ommended regardless of whether you plan to thermal or slope soar. Mod-
terms, and youll find information on which tools and adhesives
els designed specifically for slope soaring are quite a bit faster and not as
conducive to learning to fly. Save one of these for your second model.
to use during the construction and finishing. All R/C enthusiasts will MAN2003
find this book enjoyable and informative. $19.99
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
12 Sailplanes GREAT HOBBIES

As with powered aircraft, you have the choice of building a mod- Build a kit! Save an Additional $10
Choose a sailplane kit and everything needed to complete it
el completely or just doing the final assembly of an Almost-Ready- and you can take $10 off the total (Refer to Great Deal number GHPHD13 when ordering).
to-Fly (ARF) kit. Your choice should simply be driven by your desire
to build. There are a few additional items you are bound to need to Spirit
complete your model, but the list is much shorter than that required Kit Version
to finish most powered aircraft. Refer to the Getting Started in RC
Aircraft section (page 4) and Aircraft Glossary section (page 8) for All wood constructed kit
more discussion on accessories, components and definitions. Suitable for novice or expert Spirit Kit
Ideal for slope or thermal soaring GPMA0530
THE RADIO Requires building $64.99
Along with your sailplane, you will need a radio to control it.
Since many sailplanes have only two moveable control surfaces (rud- Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 676 sq. in Weight: 33 to 35 oz.
der & elevator) you can often get away with a simple, inexpensive Length: 39 in. Radio: 2 to 3-ch, 2 servo (required)
2-channel system. Refer to our Introduction to Radio Systems section
(page 19) for more information. Gentle Lady
Although your first glider will most likely only need two channels Kit Version
of operation, you may wish to opt for buying a four channel system.
Most four channel systems come complete with rechargeable batter- All-wood constructed kit
Suitable for novice or expert Gentle Lady Kit
ies while the two and three channel systems do not. It is safer to fly ra- GOL060
dio controlled model aircraft or sailplane with rechargeable NiCd bat- Ideal for slope or thermal soaring
teries. If you recharge before you go flying each time, you will know Requires building $59.99
the condition of the batteries and wont end up with radio malfunction
due to dead batteries mid-flightnot pretty. There are some nice 2 and Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 663 sq. in Weight: 22 to 28 oz.
Length: 41 in. Radio: 2-ch, 2 servo (required)
three channel systems available now with a single stick for sailplane
operation. You may wish to convert them to NiCds, however.
One thing you may want to look for when buying your first ra-
Riser
Kit
dio is buddy box capability. The buddy box is where two radio
transmitters may be connected together through a cable, the instruc- Quality all wood construction
tor holding one and the student holding the other. The student can Suitable for novice or expert Riser Kit
have control over the model as long as the instructor holds a trainer Ideal for slope or thermal soaring SIGRC52
switch on his transmitter. If the student gets into trouble, the instruc- Requires building $56.99
tor releases the switch and regains full control of the model. This can
greatly decrease the learning time and also be good insurance against Wingspan: 78 in Wing area: 620 sq. in Weight: 24 to 28 oz.
accidents with the novice pilot. Check with the local club or instruc- Length: 41 in. Radio: 2 to 3-ch, 2 servo (required)
tor to see if they have buddy box capability and if so, you may wish Required Items for These Kits
to purchase a compatible radio system.
There are some radios available with special functions included Plus you will need the basic tools as
that are useful with more sophisticated gliders. These certainly are not described on page 6 and the items required
necessary for the beginning modeler, however. for an ARF sailplane on page 11.
1 oz. Flash glue MonoKote Covering
TOOLS AND ADHESIVES NHP311Thin (2 Rolls Required)
Please refer to the tools and adhesives section of our Getting $14.99
Started in R/C Aircraft (page 5). The requirements are the same.
$5.99
Hi-Start Launch for 2-Meter Sailplane
FIELD/LAUNCH EQUIPMENT 25 surgical tubing
2-Meter Upstart
If you plan to do primarily slope soaring with your model, you will DYF5005 Launches to 200 feet Nylon line
need virtually no field support equipment short of a few tools for minor Parachute recovery
repairs/adjustments. If you are planning to do some thermal soaring, your $49.99 Plastic spool, stake, rings
needs will vary depending upon which method you choose to get aloft. OR
100 surgical rubing
Hi-Start Launching with a Hi-start is probably the simplest and 2-Meter Hi-Start Nylon line
DYF5001 Launches to 500 feet Parachute recovery
cleanest way to become airborne and, as a result, it is the most popu-
lar. The only item you will need is your hi-start. Refer to the opposite $89.99 Plastic spool, stake, rings
diagram for hi-start operation.

Glow Engine Power Pod Most 2-meter gliders require a .049 en-
gine for power pod launch. You will require one of the Cox or Norvel
.049 engines, a power pod, paint or finishing material for the power Parachute
Recovery
pod if required, and a A starter kit, which usually has everything you
need including fuel, starting battery, wrench, and glow head clip.

Electric Power Launch Many electric powered gliders come with


the electric motor and prop assembly as part of the kit. The only ad- Nylon Line
ditional items needed would be a battery (usually two, so you can fly
with one battery while the other is on charge) and a fast charger that Surgical Tubing
will operate from your 12V car battery while at the flying field.

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Electric Aircraft 13
Red Hawk
Getting Started in Electric Aircraft... Only Electric RTF
One of the fastest growing areas of radio control in recent years is $69.99
electric aircraft. Many factors have contributed to this growth including HOBA1960
quickly advancing battery technology and construction techniques, cou-
pled with a shortage of good flying sites for larger, noisier aircraft, such as
those that are glow or gas powered. Electrics are quiet. They produce no
Electronic Speed Control with Auto cut-off
exhaust fumes, and can be quite small and lightsome small enough, in
AC wall charger and 12V DC peak charger
fact, that they can be flown indoors in a large gymnasium or hangar.
7.2V, 900mAh NiMH battery
An improvement in motor technology has also provided greater
Free instructional DVD
interest in the field. Motors have gotten smaller, more powerful, with
better magnets, and now there are brushless motors with less friction, Wingspan: 41 in Length: 28 in Weight: 16.9 oz.
less wear, and less maintenance. Radio: 3-Ch (included) Motor: 380 motor (included) 8 AA batteries (required)
There are several components to electric flight and we will
touch on each briefly. SkyFly
The perfect model
The Aircraft for the first timer! Electric RTF
Although just about any model aircraft can be electric powered,
performance will be far superior if the model is designed specifically
for the purpose. The key factor for a good performing electric model is Stong tricycle landing gear for first time pilots
lightnessthe airframe must be strong, but more importantly light. Electronic Speed Control with Auto cut-off
Electric models can be of almost any size, but the most popular AC wall charger and 12V DC peak charger
are in the small to medium size range. The smaller models may be 7.2V, 900mAh NiMH battery Only
only a couple of feet in wingspan, weigh merely ounces, and have Free instructional DVD $99.99
only a stick for a fuselage. Intelli-Flight Control: dual programed selectable flight modes HOBA1961
For a model to be classified as an Indoor Flyer, it should be ex- Wingspan: 40 in Length: 32 in Weight: 17.3 oz.
tremely light (ounces, in the single digits!), fairly small wingspan, be eas- Radio: 3-Ch (included) Motor: 380 motor (included) 8 AA batteries (required)
ily controlled, and fly very slowly. There are some exceptions where the
model may fly faster, but it must be extremely agile and quick on the Slow-V
controls to contain its movement in the confined spacenot for the faint Ready-to-Fly Electric
of heart! Indoor models are meant to be flown indoors in such facilities
as a large gymnasium, an arena, or a hangar. They may also be flown Flies slow enough to be
outside, however, they should be restricted to almost calm conditions. flown in a gymnasium!
Their slowness in flight also means their wind penetration is almost nil.
The next step up is the Park Flyer. These models are heavier and Includes:
One piece wing PKZ1300
slightly faster than their indoor counterparts, penetrating wind slightly
better (not very strong winds, mind you), but are still able to fly in a Carbon fiber fuselage $169.99
reasonably confined area such as a park or large yard. This is a very Powerful enough for the park
popular category of electric model and currently accounts for almost Slow enough to fly in a gymnasium
X-port enabled for aerial combat and bomb dropping Wingspan: 46 in Length: 36 in Weight: 14 oz.
half of the selection available. Two transmitter-selectable flight modes Radio: 3-ch (included) Motor: 370 Geared (included)
There is another term used to describe light electric models and
that is the Slow Flyer. Different people use this term in different
ways, however, it usually refers to both Indoor and Park Flyers. Some
Sky Pilot EP
consider it a category between indoor and park, where it is slightly Only 3-Ch RTF
larger and heavier than a standard Indoor model, but can still be flown $159.99
in a reasonably large venue indoors or outdoors. HOBA1985
High quality RTF foam construction
Power Systems White Plastic wheelpants included
There are three basic types of power systems used in electric flight. Electronic speed control, with auto cut-off protection.
These are: direct drive, where the propeller is fastened directly to the motor Fixed frequency receiver
drive shaft; gear drive, where the prop is connected to the motor through Requires 8AA batteries for radio transmitter
a series of gears to reduce the speed of the prop compared to the motor
speed; and ducted fan, where a multi-blade fan unit is mounted directly Wingspan: 34.8 in Length: 26.5 in
to the motor and operates inside a shroud or duct. Ducted fan systems, Radio: 3-Ch, 2-Servo Motor: 380-size
although less efficient than prop systems, are ideal for jet-style projects.
Direct drive systems use smaller propellers rotating at the motor speed J-3 Piper
and are suitable for models that fly faster. Gear drive systems turn the prop
Ready-to-Fly Park Flyer
slower, allowing for larger props and suitable for slower flying models.
The motors that drive these systems vary widely in size and power Comes with everything
and newer technology is offering some interesting design changes.
The standard electric motor is that developed by Mabuchi, one of you need!
the worlds largest electric motor manufacturers. These motors carry des-
ignations that are based on the physical size of the motorthe length of
the motor come in millimeters, times ten. Two of the most popular sizes Includes:
are 38mm and 54mm which are designated 380 and 540, respectively. One-piece wing with struts PKZ1100
Often, these get rounded up and get prefaced with SPEED, a name Factory applied decals $179.99
coined by Graupner, one of Europes most prominent model manufac- Mode Change Flight Control System
turers. The 380 motor would then be referred to as a SPEED 400. Fully proportional rudder, elevator & throttle controls Wingspan: 37 in Length: 26 in
Aluminum landing gear with foam wheels Radio: 3-ch (included) Motor: 370 geared (included)
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
14 Electric Aircraft GREAT HOBBIES

Astro Flight makes cobalt motors especially for models using rare Headwind B
earth magnets. These motors have a different designation which is based ARF Park Flyer
on the size of a glow engine of equivalent power. Their Cobalt 05 would
be, in theory, equivalent to a .05 glow engine, or a typical A. This is Quality all-wood construction
only an approximation and should be taken with a grain of salt. Pre-covered in genuine MonoKote
Other variations on electric motors include brushless motors Lightweightexcellent flight characteristics GPMA1101
and External Rotary Brushless Motors.
Modeled after a 1960s homebuilt $79.99
Requires approximately 5 hours to assemble
Brushless motors have windings that remain fixed (so the wires that
Wingspan: 45 in Wing Area: 270 sq in Length: 27 in Weight: 9 to 11 oz.
send power to them can be soldered directly) and the magnets rotate Radio: 3-ch, 2-servo (required) Motor: 280-size (required)
with the shaft. The disadvantage of these motors is that a special con- Required to Complete
troller is required to supplied pulsed current to the windings to provide
8-Cell Pack
the changing induction and thus motion. Early versions also required GHP075M8FB
Hitec Neon
sensors to sense the position of the armature to aid in supplying the Radio System $44.99
proper pulse. Newer versions are able to accomplish this without the HIT148722
additional sensor and are called sensorless brushless motors. $94.99
External Rotary Brushless Motors are unique in that the entire outer
can rotates with the shaft. The windings are mounted on a sleeve to a T-280 Motor System
backplate, which is essentially a motor mount. The drive shaft fits into GPMG0430
the sleeve, supported by bearings and is fixed, along with the magnets, $69.99
to the outer can.
Although brushless motors require a more complex controller, 8 AA Alkalines
GHPAA4 (4) 1 oz. Flash Glue
they have the great advantage of having no brushes to wear out, mean- 12 Minute
ing less maintenance, and a lower friction. Dirty brushes and poor $3.99 x 2 NHP311Thin
Epoxy
contact is never an issue. $5.99 HANEPX12

$11.99
Batteries 1 oz. Flash Glue
Batteries have come along way in the past number of years and NHP321Medium
Velcro
continue to evolve, almost monthly. Capacity per size/weight unit is al- DUB348 1 $5.99
ways increasing, meaning you can get either greater performance or lon- BEC Connector
$4.99 HIT6210
ger run times for the same size pack as you may have used in the past.
Your battery pack supplies the power that runs your motor. Battery $2.99
packs are made up of cells of batteries and come in a wide range of sizes
and capacities. The voltage of a battery pack depends on the number of
cells and the type of cell. You now commonly find battery packs with Piranha AC/DC
Nickel Cadmium (NiCd) cells, Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) cells, or Micro E/Z Link Digital Peak Charger
DUB849 (4) DTXP4005
Lithium Polymer (Li-Po). All of these cells are rechargeable and have a
reasonably long lifetime of many charge/discharge cycles. $1.89 $69.99
NiCd batteries were developed by Sanyo in 1963, have been in use
with model aircraft the longest and have evolved greatly since first intro- SuperStar EP Select
duced. Capacities and charge rates have improved dramatically and the ARF Park Flyer
cells are available in a wide variety of sizes. Each NiCd cell has a nomi-
nal voltage of 1.2 volts and is generally considered discharged when Quality all-wood construction
reduced to 1.1 volts. Some variations of NiCds have the ability to deliver Pre-covered in durable plastic film
HOBA14XX
quite high current rates and, can be recharged at a high rate. Generally, Comes with Futaba radio installed!
NiCd batteries can be charged and discharged over 500 times. Comes with T-601 motor installed! $249.99
NiMH batteries were developed in 1990 and are very similar to Includes 7-cell, 2100 maH battery pack
Includes speed control, prop & all hardware Wingspan: 48 in Wingspan: 402 sq in Weight: 2 lb
the more common NiCd. A Nickel Metal Hydride cell has a voltage
Requires only 20 minutes to get flying! Radio: 3-ch, 2-servo FM (included) Motor: T-601 (included)
of 1.2V and cell shapes and sizes are similar to NiCds. One of the
Required to Complete
major differences between NiCds and NiMH cells is that for a com-
parable size cell, the NiMH will have a higher capacity (double in 8 AA Alkalines
some cases) and be a bit lighter, but cannot be charged or discharged #64 Rubber Bands GHPAA4 (4)
GHP#64
at as high a rate due to a higher internal resistance. This is of concern $3.99 x 2
in high-demand current applications. NiMH packs cannot deliver as $2.99
Piranha AC/DC
much current and would be better suited to models where duration Digital Peak Charger
and light weight are more of a factor than power and speed (the trade DTXP4005
off between performance and duration will be discussed later). NiMH, $69.99
like NiCd cells, can be charged and discharged over 500 times.
Li-Po batteries are the most recent addition to electric flight and Bob Aberle, world-renowned electric flight expert,
are quite different from the previously mentioned types. Their claim to explains everything you need to know to get started
fame is high capacity, light weight. Li-Po have 3.6 volts per cell with a and succeed. The author explains the fundamentals
high energy density, minimizing battery size and weight. They are also of power systems, batteries, radio control systems
Getting Started
not packaged similarly to the NiCd or NiMH, but are typically square and how these all work together. Bob explains the
in Backyard Flyers
MAN2028 relationshp between power, weight, wingloading and
and flat. The newer versions of these polymer based cells are also ca-
performance. This is a comprehensive guide
pable of over 500 charge/discharge cycles. $29.99 comprising 128 pages.
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Electric Aircraft 15
In most cases, the battery pack that powers your motor, also powers Peak chargers are the ideal solution, but again there are many
the radio components mounted in the aircraft. This saves the weight of variations. Usually peak chargers are designed for a specific type of
a separate pack. The on-board electronic components have a function battery, i.e.. NiCd, NiMH, or Li-Po as the operation has to be different
called BEC (battery eliminator circuit) that ensures the proper voltage for each. Some chargers are designed to handle more than one type.
to the receiver and servos from the battery pack. Taking NiCd cells as an example, the charger monitors the voltage of
Obviously, you would not want the battery pack to become so fully the pack while the charge is taking place. When a NiCd is fully charged it
drained from powering the motor that the receiver and servos would no will stop increasing in voltage and will actually drop back in voltage slight-
longer be able to function. Protection to prevent this from happening is ly. The charger detects this drop in voltage and automatically shuts off or
provided through an auto cut-off feature in the speed control. Once the reduces to a trickle charge rate. This is called a Peak Detection Charger.
voltage level of the battery pack is reduced to a certain level, this function Peak chargers have many benefits: They are simple to useusu-
will turn the motor off leaving enough battery power to keep on-board ally just connect the power source and battery and push a button.
electronics functioning until the plane can be glided in for a landing. They will not overcharge your battery pack. They always give your
battery the maximum charge possible.
Performance vs Duration Peak chargers cost a bit more but they are very much worth it!
This would be a good time to discuss the trade-off between per-
They are simpler, safer, and will generally save you the difference in
formance and duration. Any given battery contains a certain amount
cost in ruined battery packs from overcharging with the other types
of electrical energy or power. You can either take a lot of power out
of high-rate chargers.
of a battery for a short period of time or you can take a small amount
When choosing a charger there are many things you must con-
of power out for a longer period of time. This is the trade-off between
performance and duration. If you want to go fast and have all kinds sider. Some of these include: What power source do you haveAC or
of climbing power you are going to do it for a short period of time. DC? What types of cells do you have? How many cells are in the packs
If you want to have long flights, you are going to have to preserve you are charging? How fast do you need these packs charged?
power. You cannot have your cake and eat it too! When using anything other than an overnight or trickle charger, en-
Of course you can also compromise where you can get some moder- sure that the charger is being attended should something go wrong. High-
ately hot performances for a medium length of time. In any case, the goal is rate chargers always have the potential for overheating a pack, or worse,
to have the most efficient setup possible with the smallest amount of wasted and someone should always be around to intervene if a problem arises.
energy so that almost everything goes towards your flight performance.
Radio Equipment
Chargers Some electric aircraft can use the same radio equipment normally
Given that all batteries used to power electric aircraft are rechar- used for combustion powered aircraft while others require equipment
gable, a charger will be necessary for continued enjoyment of the with smaller components. Receivers and servos are now available in
hobby. If life was simple, there would be one charger that will fast incredibly small sizes and this has contributed to the popularity of in-
charge any type of pack quickly and without supervision, have all door electric flying where size and weight are critical.
the features you need including reporting each packs capacity, and The main airborne components of a standard radio system are
sell for less than $20 . . . . alas, life is not simple. There are countless the receiver, a servo for each control function, a battery pack, and
chargers available, each with their own set of features in ranges from a switch harness to control the power going to the components. For
simple to complex, from cheap to expensive. The charger you need electric models, an electronic speed control is necessary and replaces
will depend on many thingsthe type of cells you are charging, the one servo to control the throttle of the motor. As mentioned earlier, a
number of cells in the pack, the capacity of the pack, whether you Battery Eliminator Circuit (BEC) is usually used so that power can be
want a discharge or cycling function, whether you are charging in the obtained from the battery powering the motor, eliminating the need for
field or from an AC source, and not least of which, your budget. a separate pack to power the radio.
Some chargers can only be used where there is 110VAC power The size of the aircraft and the power required to execute a specif-
available. These are called AC chargers. Others are powered by only a ic function will determine the size of the servos requiredlarger servos
12VDC source and these are called DC chargers. Some have the capabil- have more torque. The same holds true to the speed controlthe bigger
ity to operate from both power sources and are called AC/DC chargers. the motor and the more current it will require, the larger the speed con-
DC chargers are ideal for keeping you flying at the field but will be of trol will have to be both in size and in its current carrying capability.
little help at home to maintain your batteries if you dont have a 12VDC Receivers will vary in size in relation to the number of channels
source there. Likewise, AC chargers are great for home use but will do (functions) they can handle7-channel receivers are generally larger
you little good while out at the field. AC/DC units are good choices if you than 4-channel units. Also, some receivers have been made smaller
only want to buy one charger! Some chargers can only charge up to a by having limited range. Indoor models do not require long range ca-
certain number of cells while using 12VDC as the power source. pability as the model will rarely get more than a couple hundred feet
There are three types of chargers you can buy and many varia- from the person flying it. Receivers used strictly for this purpose can
tions on each. These are a fixed rate charger, a timed charger, and a
be smaller, lighter and still operate perfectly at that distance. It should
peak charger. The fixed rate is usually AC powered, you plug it in the
be noted, however, that these receivers should not be used outdoors
wall, plug your battery into it, and it charges at a fixed current rate.
where the model flies at any distance, and they are definitely not to be
They have their place when charging at low rates, however, caution
used with combustion powered aircraft as range can quickly be lost
should be taken as these fixed rate chargers can overcharge your bat-
endangering the aircraft, people and property in the vicinity.
tery pack. Most have no provision for reducing the charging current to
Electronic speed controls also come in a variety of sizes and
trickle once fully charged and your pack can be damaged.
power capabilities. Some are so tiny that they appear to be merely an
Timed chargers are usually basic high-rate chargers. They are
cheap and not very sophisticated in design. They may be powered by interruption in the wire going between the receiver and the motor!
either AC or DC or both. You simply connect the charger to the power These would generally be suitable for the smallest and lightest of mod-
source, attach your battery, and set the timer (usually 15 to 20 minutes). els, requiring minimal power. The greater the power handling capabil-
The charge current is supplied to the battery until the timer runs out at ity of the motor controller, usually the larger it will be physically.
which time it simply shuts off. These chargers are not the best solution Speed controls may have many added features including: built-
in most situations. The main thing they have going for them is that they in BEC (as described earlier); auto-cutoff (also described earlier); safe
are generally inexpensive. If your battery is not fully discharged before power-on arming that ensures motor will not accidently turn on; soft-
charging with these timed chargers, it can be overcharged, damaging the start; auto-shut-down on loss of signal; and others. Brushless motors
battery. Also, you are never sure that your battery gets a full charge. require different speed controls than brushed motors.

w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
16 Helicopters GREAT HOBBIES

Getting Started in R/C Helicopters... Combo Packages! Choose one of the helis and the accessories
shown below to complete your package!

The helicopter is probably the most challenging form of radio RAPTOR 30V2 PRO ARF
control model, being mechanically complex in nature, and requiring Combo Includes
100% concentration while operating. Raptor 30 Pro V2 ARF w/engine (TTT4839A11)
Flying a model chopper is not unlike balancing a metal bearing Radio, gyro & all accessories
or a marble on a piece of glass. If the mechanics of the chopper have shown below
been adjusted and aligned very well, it is similar to having a flat piece
of glass. If the chopper is not set up just right, it is like having a convex Pricing reflects applying Great Deals GHPHD09, GHPHD12, & GHPHD13. Combo
You must refer to these special Great Deal numbers
piece of glass where the bearing wants to keep rolling off to one side. when ordering to receive the package price. $1375.81
The first thing the budding helicopter pilot must realize is that the VENTURE 30
model works on the very same principles as the full-size and controlling Combo Includes
the chopper is just as difficult, if not more-so due to size and orientation. Venture 30 (JRP9005)
It is not simply a matter of pushing one button for up, and another for for- Thunder Tiger .30 Pro Heli Engine (TTT39PROH)
ward flight, etc. Flying a helicopter, just like flying a model aircraft, is a skill Radio, gyro & all accessories shown below
that must be learned and that can only happen with practice. Although Thunder Tiger Muffler (TTT9219)
building and flying a model chopper can be complex, it is also extremely Drive Washer (TTTAA0221)
satisfying. Being able to accurately control a vehicle which you can hover, Pricing reflects applying Great Deals GHPHD09, GHPHD12, & GHPHD13.
Combo
fly forward, backward, sideways, and do all kinds of interesting manoeu- You must refer to these special Great Deal numbers
vres and aerobatics, as well as land at your feet, is very exciting. when ordering to receive the package price. $1366.58
Unlike learning to fly a model airplane where flying with an in- HAWK PRO
structor is a must, you basically learn to fly helicopters by yourself. Be-
fore you start flying, however, some time with an experienced helicop- Combo Includes
ter pilot will be invaluable. He can help you set up your helicopter (it Hawk Sport kit w/muffler (CHPHK1000C)
is extremely important to have the mechanics set up accurately for safe Thunder Tiger .39 Pro Heli Engine (TTT39PROH)
Radio, gyro & all accessories
and easy flying) as well as give you some tips on flying; what to expect
shown below
from your model and how to operate the controls. Another extremely
useful tool is a flight simulator. Although a bit of an investment in the Pricing reflects applying Great Deals GHPHD09, GHPHD12, & GHPHD13. Combo
beginning, it will probably save you even more in replacement parts for You must refer to these special Great Deal numbers
your heli. A simulator will shorten the learning curve incredibly.
when ordering to receive the package price. $1265.80
Deluxe Universal Hardened Hex Driver Set Rays Helicopter
How a Chopper Works... Ball Link Pliers
RVO1005
TTT1103

$27.99
Manual
RCMCHM

There are basically two different types of helicopters, those that have $18.99 $25.99
collective pitch and those that do not. Collective pitch is where the pitch
Precision Blade Balancer
of the main rotor blades may be simultaneously increased or decreased Fuel Filters (3) RVO1001
to change the amount of lift. This gives a quicker response to changes Universal Blade Holder
MAS4500
in vertical thrust as controlled by the pilot. On helicopters without col- $29.99 HMX1000
$2.39 $6.49
lective pitch, the amount of lift is controlled entirely by the speed of the
rotor blades or in other words the speed of the engine (throttle control). Heli Performance Plug (2)
ICG 180 HAN3020
The reaction time is longer and thus the control is less responsive. Piezo Gyro
There is a trade-off, however, and that is the cost and complexity CSMG180 $13.99
of the rotor head. There are a great deal more moving parts in a collec-
Pitch Guage $109.99 Hex Shaft Starter
tive pitch rotor head and thus, they are more expensive. Most current ROB405 TTT3801
choppers are of the collective pitch variety. Piston Locking Tool
On a standard, collective pitch helicopter there are four controls
$49.99 RVO1003 $19.99
and these are operated by five channels of your radio system. These $9.99 JR XP6102 Heli Radio
Heli-max JRP6644
controls are the collective pitch, the fore and aft cyclic pitch, the side Training Gear
to side cyclic pitch, and the tail rotor pitch. The collective pitch must HMXH2111 $339.99
also be coupled with the throttle of the engine so that when more $18.99 Remote Headlock
load is put on the main rotor blades by increasing the pitch, more MOD021
throttle is applied to help overcome the additional drag.
The left stick of your radio transmitter controls the collective and
Carry Master Field Box Combo
TTT1263
$15.49
throttle in the vertical direction and the tail rotor pitch in the side to side
$155.99 Velcro Cable Ties
direction. Your right stick controls both cyclic operations; up and down GHPVCT12 12 (4)
Brief-case style caddy
for fore and aft control and side to side for the cyclic side to side control.
Electric Starter $2.99
There are also mixing functions which mix the throttle and collective GHPVCT6 6 (4)
12V Battery
functions, and the throttle/collective and tail rotor functions.
The engine of a helicopter drives both the main rotor shaft and the
Glow Igniter $1.99
Electric Fuel Pump
tail rotor via a series of gears and a clutch. As the motor comes to speed, Recoil Tubing RC Foam Rubber
the clutch engages and begins to turn both rotor systems. Generally, at 4-Way Wrench DUB513
this point, there is no pitch on the main rotor blades and thus no lift.
The throttle is increased until the main rotor blades are brought up to
3L Fuel Can $4.59
Chargers for 12V battery & glow igniter

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Helicopters 17
speed. To lift the helicopter collective pitch is applied. Blade CX Coaxial
Because for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, RTF Electric Heli
when the engine is forcing the rotor blades to turn in one direction,
the body of the helicopter will want to rotate in the opposite direction. Counter-rotating blade rotor head provides stability
The function of the tail rotor is to correct this tendency. The tail rotor Pre-installed E-flite S75 servos and 4-in-1 control unit
blades provide enough thrust to the side to keep the helicopter point- No installation or assembly required
ing in one direction. By increasing or decreasing the pitch of the tail Li-Po battery pack is low weight, high power
rotor blades the direction the helicopter is pointing can be changed. & provides flights of 10-15 minutes per charge
The cyclic control permits the main rotor blades to be varied in- Main Rotor Diam: 13.6 in Length: 15 in Weight: 21-26 oz. EFLH1200
dependently making the helicopter move in a horizontal direction. If Radio: 4-ch, servos (included) Motor: Dual 180 main motors (included) $219.99
one of the rotor blades increases pitch as it approaches the rear while
the opposite blade decreases in pitch while approaching the front dur- Blade CP Micro Heli
ing its rotation, more lift will be produced in the rear, tilting the heli- RTF Electric
copter forward, and thus moving the helicopter in a forward direction. No assembly required
The same principle applies for side to side and rearward, allowing the Includes everything except for 8 AA batteries
helicopter to fly in any direction. Excellent flight performace indoors & outdoors
The control of the cyclic and collective pitch is transferred from Optional hop-up & full replacement
the radio servos to the rotor blades via the swash plate. Part of the parts sold separately
swash plate is stationary while the other part is allowed to rotate with Rotor Diam: 20.75 in Tail Rotor Diam: 5.875 in EFLH1100
the rotor head. Control linkage is connected from the servos to the Weight: 12 to 14 oz. Motor: 370 Main, N30 Tail $274.99
stationary part of the swash plate as well as from the rotating part of
the swash plate to the rotor head. MX400 Helicopter
When flying a chopper, small control inputs are continually required by EP
the pilot to correct for deviations in the flight path. That is why 100% concen- Comes 90% fully assembled
tration is required in chopper operation. The more accurately the chopper is Aluminum frame, tail-boom and skids
set-up, the fewer the number of corrections that are required by the pilot. Carbon fiber tail-boom supports
Symmetrical wood blades
22 Full ball-bearings
What Happens If the Engine Stops?
Auto-rotation is a way for helicopters to land successfully after Length: 25 in Height: 9 in Main Rotor: 30 in Tail Rotor: 6 in HMXE0200
a loss of power from the engine to the rotor drive systems. This is ac- Flying Weight: 20 -23 oz. Weight: 11.3 oz. $174.99
Required to Complete the MX400
complished with the aid of a special device known as an auto-rotation
clutch which allows the rotor blades to free-wheel. As soon as power Brushless 6 Pole Motor
HMXG1001 DX6 DSM 6ch
has been cut, the throttle/collective control is brought back all the way. SPM2460
This will usually bring the main rotor blades to have slightly nega- $94.99 Pheonix 25 $224.99
Brushless ESC
tive pitch. As the helicopter starts to descend, the air moving through CCRPHX25
DC Li-Po Charger Ultra Plug
the blades will keep them spinning. The spinning blades will act like 1-3C $84.99 2-pin m/f
a parachute in reducing the helicopters descent. When the helicop- PRL3834 DEA1300
ter nears the ground, the pilot increases the collective pitch making $49.99 $4.99
the pitch of the blades again positive. The momentum of the blades is
converted to lift, slowing the descent of the helicopter down further, Button Hd Screw LiPo 2100mAh G-190 Micro
#2 x (8) 3-Cell 11.1v 16GA Piezo Gyro
enabling it to land softly. DUB526 THP21003S FUTGY190

$2.19 $109.99 $84.99


What You Will Need... Micro Electric Helicopters
Micro helis are very small and usually have fixed pitch. An extra
The following is a description of the items you will require to start fly-
bonus is that they are relatively inexpensive. You can get a complete
ing a radio controlled model helicopter.
package, ready-to-fly, for under $220.
Micro helis are best flown indoors (in a room without breakables!)
The Helicopter or outdoors when it is close to being calm.
When choosing your first helicopter you first must decide which
Although you can learn to fly on one of these mighty midgets on
type of chopper you wish to purchase, a collective pitch machine,
your own, you will be way ahead of the game if you first get some
or a non-collective pitch machine. If you are starting the R/C hobby
from scratch and must buy everything, I would strongly suggest the experience on a simulator. See our Simulator section (page 22)
collective pitch machine. Although it is a bit more expensive initially, Rays Authoritative
it is by far the more versatile of the two and will help you enjoy more DVD Series
advanced stages of the hobby after you have learned to fly. You will Basics of RC RHTDVDSET
also find the learning process easier with a collective pitch machine. Helicopters II
On the other hand, if you are already into radio controlled aircraft MAN2019
$59.99
and have an aircraft radio, and an aircraft engine in the range that
would fit a non-collective machine, this route may be desired to drasti- $29.99
cally reduce the start-up cost and to get you involved in the sport with By Paul Tradelius, this book covers all aspects of heli-
less money. Once hooked however, you are bound to want to move copters, from selecting the correct model and radio sys-
up to a collective pitch machine. We will assume you are starting from tem, to flying aerobatics. Helicopter theory is presented
scratch and will continue with the idea of starting with a collective in terms readers can really understand, what tools to VOLUME 1: Transmitter Theory and Setup
use and how to make repairs. Photos and detailed VOLUME 2: Helicopter Bench Setup
pitch helicopter.
illustrations. Second edition. VOLUME 3: Helicopter Flight Trimming
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
18 Helicopters GREAT HOBBIES

Unlike aircraft where there are specific trainer models geared solely that a gyro be used in every helicopter. Controlling an overly sensitive
for the first time modeler, the differences between helicopters is more tail of a helicopter is most frustrating and the gyro can help make the
subtle with the major difference being size and precision. The larger flying much easier and more pleasurable. Gyros are made by most
and more precise a machine is, the better it will fly. These machines radio manufacturers for operation compatible with their systems.
would make great training helicopters but they are usually a lot more
expensive, with high precision parts, and would be very costly to re-
The Engine
pair in the case of a crash. They are better suited toward competition
and the experienced modeler where accidents are fewer. The helicopter engine is similar to a 2-cycle aircraft glow engine
Keep in mind, when learning to fly a helicopter you are bound to except that it has a larger heat sink head for better cooling, and a car-
have a crash or two and parts are going to have to be replaced. Replac- buretor with improved mid-range adjustment.
ing parts on a precision machine could really run you a bill! A good Different motors facilitate different starting methods. Some come
choice would be a machine designed for a .30 size engine, a stable with a pull start system for very simple starting. Others use a cone
flyer with collective pitch, and one with a good availability of parts. start where an electric starter is used in a manner similar to starting
an aircraft. Still others use an
The Radio Main Rotor Blade Rotor Head
Main Rotor Blade
electric starter and a belt for
As mentioned earlier, a proper
starting. When purchasing the
helicopter radio differs from a Tail Rotor Blades
Fly Bar & Paddles Main Rotor Blade
Horizontal helicopter engine, the muffler is
standard aircraft radio. There are Stabilizer
Swash Plate not included. Usually the muf-
certain helicopter functions that
fler comes with the helicopter
must be mixed electronically and Canopy
kit. Please refer to our section
these are found only in radios Clutch Tail Rotor Assembly
Introduction to Model Engines
designed for this purpose. More Tail Boom Support
(page7) to learn more about en-
and more often, one is able to find Engine Vertical Stabilizer
gine operation.
radio systems that have functions Landing Gear Skids Muffler
suitable to both aircraft and heli-
copters. If you think you may be involved in both aspects of the hobby, Tools
you may wish to choose one of these for your system. Since the helicopter is purely a mechanical device, tools required
Other things to think about when purchasing a helicopter system for assembly include items such as screw drivers, ball drivers, nut driv-
are the servos and the battery pack. It is desirable to choose servos ers, wrenches, pliers, etc. In addition to these there are a couple of
that have output shafts that are ball bearing supported. Since the pres- specialty tools that come in handy when assembling and setting up the
sure and vibration on the servos in a helicopter is usually greater than mechanics of your helicopter.
One tool you may want to consider to assist in assembly is a set
in a plane, bushing servos tend to wear out very quickly and lose their
of ball link pliers. The ball link is the most popular linkage piece on
precision which is extremely important in the controlling of a helicop- a helicopter and virtually all choppers use them. The ball link pliers
ter. Because you are using a minimum of five servos and a gyro (to be greatly assist in the removing and adjusting of these links. A second
discussed later) in a helicopter, and more frequent control inputs, it tool that is extremely valuable during set-up is the rotor blade pitch
is desirable to have a larger battery pack than the standard 600 maH gauge. This device can help you line up your rotor blades so that
pack that comes with most aircraft radios. A pack in the range of 1000 your pitch is correct. A blade pitch gauge can go along way to helping
to 1200 maH is a better pack to consider. Many helicopter radios take avoid costly crashes and frustration down the road. So much of your
both of these concerns into consideration and come packaged with choppers well being depends on how well it is set up initially and
five BB servos and a large battery pack. maintained throughout its lifetime.

Gyroscope Field Equipment


A gyroscope, or gyro, is an electro-mechanical device used in The field equipment you require will depend largely on the type
a helicopter to help semi-automate the response of the tail rotor. In of motor you have chosen for your helicopter. If you have a glow
motor with a recoil pull-starter, you will only require the basics of a
the case of an R/C chopper, the device fits electrically between the
fuel can & pump for carrying and pumping fuel to your chopper, and
receiver and the servo that controls the pitch of the tail rotor blades. A a glow plug igniter to supply current to the glow plug during starting.
sensor measures any unwanted change in yaw of the aircraft and will If you do not have a pull start, in addition you will undoubtedly need
correct the situation by increasing or decreasing the tail rotor pitch to an electric starter powered by a 12 volt batter to turn the engine over.
stabilize the movement. Please refer to the Introduction to R/C Aircraft section (page 6) for
Although not absolutely necessary, it is strongly recommended more information on field support equipment. It is virtually identical.

Cyclic/Collective Pitch Mixing (CCPM) cal levers and linkage to create the mixing. The electronics within
With the advance of radio control systems, more complex mixing the radio control the proper mixing to accomplish the correct control.
functions are capable within the electronics. This has helped simplify CCPM greatly simplifies the helicopter, reducing the parts count and
mechanical linkage requirements for both aircraft and helicopters. increasing the precision of
Initially model helicopters utilized what is now considered to the model simpler link-
be standard mixing to control the swash plate of collective pitch age means less play and
machines. This system utilizes one servo to control roll (side to side slop! It also makes the he-
cyclic), one servo for pitch (fore and aft cyclic), and a third for collec- licopter easier to set up .
tive pitch. A complex combination of levers and linkages is required Because all three
to connect the servos to the swash plate in order to accomplish the servos used in CCPM are
correct control input. used to raise and lower
A special mixing function called CCPM or Cyclic/Collective the swashplate, greater
Pitch Mixing is now available with most current helicopter radio sys- lifting and holding
tems. CCPM allows the servos to be mounted in such a way as to power is available for
be directly connected to the swash plate with no complex mechani- more accurate control.
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Radios 19
Introduction to Radio Systems... for elevator, one for ailerons and
one for throttle. Simpler models may
The radio system is your link between you and your model. They omit the ailerons and some even the
may seem complicated at first but with a little study, all aspects of the throttle (common with smaller A
radio system can be easily understood. We will attempt to introduce models). With no throttle in in an
you to the radio system here and explain a few of the features found on aircraft, the model would be flown
many of the systems available today. with full throttle until the fuel has
Radios are separated into two groups, those used for model aircraft run out. It would then be glided in
and those used for surface models. Although the operation, electronics, for a landing without power. Addi-
and mechanics for both types of systems are virtually identical, they
tional radio channels may be used
operate on different sets of frequencies. The separation is stipulated
for things such as retractable land-
by law and it is to protect the safety of the modeler and those in the
ing gear, operating flaps, bomb drop, Futaba 9C PCM Air & Heli Radio
vicinity. A flying aircraft can be dangerous if it becomes uncontrolled
camera actuation, glider release, etc.
and the frequency separation helps avoid an aircraft being interfered
with by someone operating a car or boat. In addition to a difference Helicopter Radios
in frequencies, some surface radios are also available as a pistol grip Model helicopters usually require different functions in a radio
control which is ergonomically easier when controlling cars and boats. than model aircraft. Their controls are different with more mixing
A pistol grip for aircraft would be impractical. functions required. Usually a helicopter will operate with a mini-
The first criteria one usually looks for when choosing a radio is the mum of 5 channels, the throttle and collective pitch channels both
number of control functions or channels. (Note that the term channels
being controlled by one movement of the throttle control stick. Gen-
here refers to the number of controls and does not have anything to do
erally, radios capable of helicopter control will also have aircraft ca-
with the frequency on which the radio operates.) Generally modern
pability as well. It is simply a matter of selecting either the helicopter
radio systems are available with anything from 2 to 10 channels.
or aircraft program.
Surface Radios Typically, the right stick would control the cyclic function of the heli
Radios used for surface with the up-down movement controlling the fore-aft cyclic and the side-
models generally have from 2 to to-side motion controlling the left-right cyclic. The left stick would control
4 channels with 2-channel units the tail rotor with the side-to-side motion while both throttle and collective
being the most popular. One would be the up-down motion through a mixing function.
channel would be for the steer-
ing of the model while the other What Comes With Your Radio...
would be for control of the speed
and direction (forward or reverse).
Although 2-channel radios can be Transmitter
The transmitter is the control box which you hold that converts
found with 2 sticks for control, pis- your human control movements into electrical impulses and
tol grip radios are most popular for sends them via radio waves to the receiver in your model.
controlling surface models. They
JR XR3i 3-Channel Pistol Radio
feature a wheel for steering and
Receiver
finger trigger for throttle control. Brakes are activated by using the throttle The receiver is the small electronic unit in your model
channel by pushing the trigger rather than pulling it. More than 2 channels which converts the radio signal from your transmitter into
might be desirable if your vehicle has a multiple speed transmission. electrical control signals which can be sent to your servos.

Glider Radios Servos


Servos are the devices in the model which actually produce
Gliders usually require 2 channels of control, one for rudder and the control movements. They convert the electrical signals
one for elevator and any 2 or more channel aircraft system would be from your receiver into physical movement to control your
suitable. Additional channels may be utilized for ailerons, flaps, spoil- model. A different servo is required for each control function
ers, etc. on more sophisticated models. These same models may also or radio channel.

require special mixing for additional functionality. In this case, one


should choose a radio with the proper mixing. Batteries
Virtually all 4-channel and greater systems come com-
For the first time glider pilot, however, a simple 2-channel system
plete with rechargeable NiCd battery packs for both re-
should do just fine. At one time, these 2-channel radios took the form of ceiver and transmitter.
2-stick units such as those used for surface models. This was not the best
arrangement for controlling an aircraft because the elevator was on one Dual Charger
stick with an up-down action and the rudder was controlled with the A dual charger will come with any system that is complete
other stickside to side action. Now, single stick 2 and 3-channel radios with NiCd batteries. It will charge both the receiver pack and
the transmitter pack at the same time.
are available with both rudder and elevator functions on the one stick.
Most radios with fewer than four channels dont come with Re-
chargeable NiCd batteries. It would be a good idea to convert to re- Switch Harness
chargeables for glider use. A switch harness is provided to turn off the power to the rev-
eiver and servos in the model. It goes between the battery
pack and reciever and also has a lead for charging.
Aircraft Radios
Model Aircraft may require anything from 2 to 8 or even 10 chan-
Servo Accessories
nels of control, depending on complexity. The average aircraft will Most radio systems will come with additional servo arms
generally require at least 4 channels of control, one for rudder, one and hardware for mounting them.

w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
20 Radio Glossary GREAT HOBBIES

The following are some terms used in one of the operating functions of a radio sys- End Point Adjustment - The ability to ad-
regard to radio systems with which you tem. For example, a 4-channel radio system just one end of a servo travel only. Similar to
would have four control functions: aileron, Adjustable Travel Volume, but for adjustment
may wish to become familiar.
rudder, throttle and elevator. on one side of neutral only.
Adjustable Function Rate (AFR) - Ad- Crystal - An electronic component of the Exponential Rate - Exponential Rate is
justable Function Rate (AFR) - Similar to ATV, radio that determines the frequency of op- where the servo movement is not directly
AFR allows end point adjustment indepen- eration. There is one in the receiver and proportional to the amount of control stick
dent of dual rate or exponential settings. one in the transmitter. movement. Over the first half of the stick
Adjustable Travel Volume (ATV) - An Digital Trims - Digital trims utilize a spring travel, the servo moves less than the stick.
adjustment that lets you preset the maximum loaded slide switch rather than a potentiom- This makes control response milder and
travel of a servo to either side of neutral. eter to adjust trims using digital messages. smooths out level flight and normal flight
Aileron Extension - The aileron extension Direct Servo Controller (DSC) - Allows maneuvers. Over the extreme half of the
(servo extension) is a cable with connectors on full function of an aircrafts servos via an um- stick travel, the servo gradually catches up
either end which goes between the receiver bilical cord. This permits adjustment of radio with the stick throw, achieving 100% servo
and a servo. This allows the servo to be placed functions without switching on the RF portion travel at full stick throw for aerobatics or
at a greater distance from the receiver than the of a transmitter. trouble situations.
cable that comes on the servo will allow. It also Dual Aileron Extension - The Y-Harness Fail Safe (FS) - An electronically pro-
permits easier removal of a wing when the ser- is a cable which plugs into a single channel grammed mechanism in most PCM radios
vo that controls the aileron is mounted in the in a receiver and two servos. This allows both to automatically return a servo or servos to
wing and the receiver is in the fuselage (which servos to be operated from the same channel. neutral or a preset position in case of radio
is usually the case). One aileron extension is Dual Conversion - Dual conversion refers malfunction or interference.
usually included with a radio system of four or to the method in which the receiver processes Flight Modes - The ability for a radio
more channels. Aileron Extensions of various the incoming signal. Generally a dual con- system to switch between different types of
lengths are available from different manufac- version receiver is less prone to outside inter- flying, particularly in helicopters. Different
turers. Please note: long aileron extensions can ference and is the preferred type of receiver. parameters may be committed to the trans-
sometimes cause radio interference problems Dual Rates (D/R) - Dual Rate allows the mitters memory and selected using a flight
unless noise traps are used. modeler to choose between two different mode switch.
Amplitude Modulation (AM) - Was ini- control sensitivities. With the dual rate switch Frequency Flag - The frequency flag is
tially the primary means of radio modula- in the OFF position, 100% servo throw is a marker that is mounted on your transmit-
tion used in R/C until recently. The control available for maximum control response. In ter to indicate what frequency your system
information is transmitted by varying the some more sophisticated systems this OFF is operating on to alert other modelers so as
amplitude of the signal. AM is now used in position may be adjusted to provide anywhere not to cause interference. See the section on
only less sophisticated systems. from 30% to 120% of normal full throw. In frequencies below for more information on
Buddy Box - The ability to connect two the ON position, servo throw is reduced radio frequencies.
transmitters together for training purposes. and the control response is effectively desen- Frequency Modulation (FM) - Now the
Channel - There are two definitions for the sitized. The amount of throw in the Dual Rate most common method of radio modulation
word channel in radio control. It can refer to ON position is usually adjustable from 30% in RC, FM is less prone to interference than
the channel number or frequency of opera- to 100% of total servo movement. The mod- AM. Information is transmitted by varying
tion of a control system. It may also refer to eler can tailor the sensitivity of his model to the frequency of the signal
his own preferences.

As mentioned earlier, there are different


frequencies used for controlling aircraft and Frequencies
Channel # Frequency MHz Channel # Frequency MHz Channel # Frequency MHz Channel # Frequency MHz
surface models. Government has allotted one
aircraft frequency band (72 MHz) and one sur- A1 26.995 14 72.070 40 72.590 66 75.510
face vehicle band (75 MHz) for use in control- A2 27.045 15 72.090 41 72.610 67 75.530
ling models. The separation is for public safety. A3 27.095 16 72.110 42 72.630 68 75.550
Each band has quite a number of individual A4 27.145 17 72.130 43 72.650 69 75.570
frequencies. In addition, some equipment may A5 27.195 18 72.150 44 72.670 70 75.590
be available on 27 MHz which is the CB band A6 27.225 19 72.170 45 72.690 71 75.610
or on 50 & 53 MHz which is for Amateur Ra- B1 53.100 20 72.190 46 72.710 72 75.630
dio operators and a Radio Amateurs operating B2 53.200 21 72.210 47 72.730 73 75.650
license is required to use equipment on these B3 53.300 22 72.230 48 72.750 74 75.670
B4 53.400 23 72.250 49 72.770 75 75.690
frequencies. These Amateur Radio frequencies
B5 53.500 24 72.270 50 72.790 76 75.710
may only be available on some equipment and
B6 53.600 25 72.290 51 72.810 77 75.730
would always be on a special order basis only. B7 53.700 26 72.310 52 72.830 78 75.750
Frequencies have been given channel B8 53.800 27 72.330 53 72.850 79 75.770
numbers (not to be confused with the function 00 50.800 28 72.350 54 72.870 80 75.790
channels of a radio system). For each frequency 01 50.820 29 72.370 55 72.890 81 75.810
for model use, there is a corresponding channel 02 50.840 30 72.390 56 72.910 82 75.830
number. Please refer to the chart on the adja- 03 50.860 31 72.410 57 72.930 83 75.850
cent column for the radio frequencies which 04 50.880 32 72.430 58 72.950 84 75.870
are currently allotted for model control use in 05 50.900 33 72.450 59 72.970 85 75.890
Canada along with their channel number. 06 50.920 34 72.470 60 72.990 86 75.910
07 50.940 35 72.490 61 75.410 87 75.930
Please note that radio frequencies for model 08 50.960 36 72.510 62 75.430 88 75.950
aircraft and radio frequencies of surface models 11 72.010 37 72.530 63 75.450 89 75.970
like boats and cars are different! DO NOT use an 12 72.030 38 72.550 64 75.470 90 75.990
aircraft radio for a surface vehicle and vice versa. 13 72.050 39 72.570 65 75.490

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Radio Glossary 21
Idle Up -The function of a helicopter radio to have adjustable pitch curve points on a he- on more complex radios and is used to per-
to first bring the throttle and rotor speed up licopter radiothe more the better. That way form a snap roll maneuver by simply pressing
before adding collective pitch. one can customize the collective response one button. The function is usually program-
Mixing - See Programmable Mixing below according to the type of flying. mable to give a combination of rudder, eleva-
Mode I - The control stick configuration Pulse-Code Modulation (PCM) - A spe- tor and aileron control.
with the rudder and elevator being con- cial digital encoding of a frequency modu- Sub Trim - A radio function which allows
trolled by the left stick while the right stick lated signal. FM is still utilized, however, the very precise electronic centering of servos.
controls the throttle and ailerons. This is control information is in the form of a digital Switch Harness - The switch harness is
popular in Europe. word rather than just a pulse width, as is used mounted in your model and it connects be-
Mode II - The control stick configuration with standard AM or FM. Using PCM adds tween your receiver and the NiCd battery
with the ailerons and elevator being con- additional protection against interference pack. It provides a power ON/OFF switch to
trolled by the right stick while the left stick from various sources. the radio in your model and it also allows
controls the rudder and throttle. This is the Servo Control Arms - Servo Control Arms your charger to be connected to your models
normal set-up for aircraft in North America. are the plastic output horns which are mount- battery pack for charging.
Mode IV - The control stick configuration ed to the output shaft on your servos. These Synthesized Frequency - A more sophis-
with the rudder and elevator being controlled come in various sizes and styles for different ticated method of controlling the frequency of
by the right stick while the left stick controls control applications. Most servos will come a radio control system than crystals. Synthe-
the ailerons and throttle. This is similar to with an assortment of arms so you can cus- sizing is more expensive than crystals, how-
Mode 1 except that the sticks are reversed. tomize to your own specific control needs. ever, it gives you the opportunity of selecting
Some find this mode more desirable for flying Servo Extension - Same as aileron extension. from a whole band of frequencies on which
aerobatics than the default Mode II. Servo Reversing - This feature allows the to operate. This allows you to obtain a clear
Model Memory - Allows the storage of modeler to reverse a servos rotation direc- frequency at the fieldno more waiting for a
information for more than one model. Very tion at the flip of a switch. Permits servos crystal controlled frequency to become clear.
convenient for only having to set reversing, to be mounted in the most convenient way Trainer System - The trainer system fea-
trim, mixing, etc for a model once and still without concern for their rotation direction. ture allows two transmitters of similar design
be able to use the transmitter for more than The proper movement can then be selected to be connected together via a cord (trainer
one model. when the installation is completed. cord) so that one transmitter may be used by
Modulation - The way the electronic con- Servo Torque - The measure of power of an instructor and the second one by a stu-
trol information is sent from your transmitter a servo as measured in ounce-inches (the dent when learning to fly. The instructor sim-
to the receiver through radio waves. number of oz. the servo can push with a 1 ply has to hold a switch on his transmitter
Noise Traps - A noise trap is a small elec- control arm) to give the students transmitter full control.
tronic device which is wired into a long servo Servo Tray - A Servo tray is a plastic tray If the student gets into trouble, the instructor
extension to reduce radio interference and to which facilitates mounting your servos eas- can release the switch and he has full control
boost the control signal going to the servo. ily in your model. The tray is molded to hold of the model.
These are recommended for use where long your servos securely and ensure positive con- Variable Trace Rate (VTR) -This radio
servo leads are necessary. trol to your control surfaces. Different trays function is similar to exponential except it
Pitch Curve - The pitch curve is the rela- may hold anywhere from one to four servos uses two linear responses to determine the
tion between the position of your transmit- and are shaped for different uses and servo servo sensitivity on the first and second half
ter control stick for collective pitch and the positions in your model. of the control stick movement.
actual pitch of the rotor blades. It is desirable Snap Roll Button - This feature is found Y-Harness - Same as a Dual Aileron Extension.

Programmable Mixing
Programmable Mixing is the electronic cou- on the position of the controls. aileron channels. Upon applying Crow Mixing,
pling of one channel to another. One control the flaps go down while both ailerons go up.
input will yield output to two different servos. Elevon Mixing - Mixes the elevator and CCPM Mixing - Cyclic/Collective Pitch
aileron functions, especially useful for delta- Mixing is used exclusively in helicopters and
Aileron/Rudder Mixing - Adds rudder wing models where the elevator and ailerons eliminates much of the complicated linkages
control when aileron is input from the trans- are the same control surfaces. Each surface required on a conventional setup. CCPM is
mitter aileron stick. is connected to a separate servo (one servo a system which mounts 3 servos below the
plugged into the aileron channel and the swashplate, with short, straight linkages direct-
V-Tail Mixing - Used when there is a V-Tail
other plugged into the elevator channel), the ly to the swashplate at 120 degree intervals.
on the aircraft rather than the conventional ele-
surfaces will act as both ailerons and elevator, With CCPM, complex collective and cyclic
vator and rudder. Each control surface of the V depending on the position of the controls. mixing is accomplished electronically, rather
is connected to a separate servo. Operating the Flap/Elevator Mixing - Couples the flaps then mechanically. As a result, many parts are
elevator control stick will move both surfaces and elevators such that when the flaps are eliminated, along with excessive control sys-
up for back stick or both surfaces down for for- lowered, the elevator will be automatically tem playnot to mention the quicker build-
ward stick. Moving the rudder control stick left adjusted to prevent pitching of the model. ing time and lower required maintenance.
will move the left surface of the V down and Elevator/Flap Mixing - Couples the eleva- Differential Ailerons - This type of mix-
the right surface up. Moving the rudder control tors and flaps such that when control is input ing is accomplished by having separate ser-
stick to the right will move the left surface of to the elevators, the flaps will move in the op- vos on each aileron, plugging one into the
the V up and the right surface down. posite direction. This permits the model to per- aileron channel and the other into another
Flaperon Mixing - Mixes the Flap and form tighter maneuvers in the pitch attitude. unused channel. The two channels can be
Aileron functions so that when each aileron Crow Mixing - Primarily used in gliders for programmed to both operate from the aileron
is connected to a separate servo (one servo spoiler action by mixing the flaps and ailerons. control stick, however the travel volume for
plugged into the aileron channel and the oth- It is necessary for the ailerons to be using sep- each aileron may be adjusted separately giv-
er plugged into the flap channel), the surfaces arate servos, plugged into separate channels ing more deflection in one direction (usually
will act as both ailerons and flaps, depending and the flap servo to be independent of both up) than in the other.
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
22 Simulators GREAT HOBBIES

Simulators can be an invaluable tool for improving your flying


skills or learning if you are just beginning. Heres why...
To simulate or not to simulateis that the question? Well, for more
and more modelers, the answer is yes! R/C flight simulators have be- Real Flight G3
w/USB Interlink
come a mainstay of the industry and for some very good reasons. GPMZ4400
First, and foremost, simulators can go a long way in teaching you
$239.99
how to fly. We have consistently found that beginners who have spent
some time on an R/C simulator will solo faster and have fewer prob-
Features:
lems when at the field controlling the real thing than their counter-
parts that have had no simulator training. Over 41 aircraft to fly!
Even if you already know how to fly, simulators can help in ad- RealPhysicsTM 3D: Bringing real-world physics to simulation science!
vancing your skills. There are many manoeuvres of aerobatics, for in- 12 new airports with over 5,000 square miles to explore.
stance, that one may be very hesitant about trying with your actual Most realistic PhotoFields in R/C sim history!
model (or perhaps you have not yet built the model capable of doing Unprecedented realism!
a specific manoeuvre). With a simulator you have the opportunity to Powerful, flexible aircraft and airport editors!
attempt the manoeuvre with no consequence to the outcomeother USB InterLinkTM Plus: Fast, easy set-up and more!
than a bruised prideand the chance to repeat the manoeuvre over Fly split-screen with a friend on one PC.
and over until it becomes second nature. You can even program your Full Coverage collision detection!
virtual aircraft with certain characteristics to closely model what you Soar with R/Cs most realistic wind model!
would be flying when at the field. Virtually unlimited editing power for aircraft and scenery!
If these reasons werent enough, just the entertainment value Expanded 3D modeling everywhere you are.
alone is worth the price of admissionespecially during those long 15 gateways to aviation adventure!
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into the simulator toojust about any conditions you want! Included Helicopters: Dolphin (.46), Ecureuil Finch (.049), Foiler (Competition 60), Huey (.60), Impala (.30 Trainer),
The bottom line simulators could save you a lot of money in Impala 30, Jet Ranger, Schweizer, Spritzer (4-C), Sun Dog (Sport 60), Watt Not (EP)
broken models or replacement parts! Included Flying Sites: Black Rock, Fun-Fly, Green Valley, Rainbow Canyon, RealFlight Park.

Features Minimum system Requirements


Intel Pentium 1.0 GHz or equivalent Windows XP*, 2000, ME, 98 (Local administrator access
Simulators, just like computers themselves, have come a long way in required) Direct X 9 (or above) compatible video and sound cards 3D accelerated video card with
the past few years. The additional power of the hardware has allowed simu- 32MB (or more) RAM (e.g: Nvidia GeForce 5200, ATI Radeon 9600)) 64 MB RAM 1.3 GB hard drive
space 4X CD-ROM drive
lator developers to come out with some pretty sophisticated modeling.
Optimum System Requirements
In every case, the model is represented by a graphic on the screen Intel Pentium 3.0 GHz or equivalant 128 MB RAM 3D accelerated video card with 128 MB (or more)
moving against a graphical background, the complexity of graphic de- RAM (e.g: Nvidia GeForce 6800, ATI Radeon 9800) 1 GB RAM
MultiPlayer System Requirements
pending on the sophistication of the modeling being used. The more
Intel Pentium 1.0 GHz or above 64 MB RAM LAN: IPX/SPX or TCP/IP protocol
detailed and realistic the model and background, the more computer Internet: TCP/IP connection requres an Internet account and 28.8 Kbps (or faster) modem
power that is required to produce it. System Requirements InterLink Controller
USB Port Compatible FM or FM-selectable transmitter (if using the interface)
Some simulators provide a transmitter for you to control the virtual
model while others allow you to use your own transmitter. The benefit of RealFlight Add-Ons
using your own system is that you can retain the same feel you are used
Your Choice
to in flying and also utilize the same features of your transmitter that you
are accustomed to using. Of course, those that come with transmitters are
$39.99
ideal for people that do not yet have a radio control system.
RealFlight Add-Ons take RC simulation to a new level, giving you more flying fields, the ability to alter many as-
Every simulator gives you a wide range of variables to control pects of the terrain and your surroundings, and more airplanes to pilot. Add-Ons work with all versions of RealFlight
your model, its shape and flying characteristics, the background or Except Volume 5 which, is G3/G2 Lite only. Some functions limited with Gen-2 Lite.
flying field you fly from, as well as environmental variables such as GPMZ4100 Add-Ons Volume I Includes 14 Aircraft: Giant Aeromaster, Big Stik, Bonanza, Cap 232, Space-
wind. You can basically specify just about everything about your mod- walker, Corsair, Piper J-3 Cub, Extra 300S, Easy Sport 60, Learjet, Patriot, Super Sportster, AT-6 Texan, and TwinStar.
el and the conditions in which you are flying. Includes five new flying fields with editable terrain to change background color and shape, obstacles, sky conditions, etc.
Most simulators let you fly the model from different perspectives. GPMZ4102 Add-Ons Volume II Includes 13 Aircraft: DR-1, F-4, F16, F-86, Skybolt, Spitfire, DC-3,
Usually, when using the simulator for training, you will want to fly the PT-19, Flybaby, Dazzler, Spirit Glider, Bird of Time Glider, and Sopwith Camel. Includes five new flying fields plus
model from the ground, just as you would an actual model. But you an Extended Power Plant Module for choosing and editing engines and motors for power and engine sounds.
are not limited to that. Try flying from the cockpit, from a chase plane, GPMZ4103 Add-Ons Volume III Includes 13 Aircraft: B-17 Bomber, Chipmunk, Extra, F-15, Giles,
or even from above the modelthe choice is yours. P-38 Lightning, P-47 Thunderbolt, Warthog, Sukhoi, Slowpoke, Spirit Elite, Stinson, and Tracer. Includes five new
flying fields plus an Extended Power Plant Module as in Volume II.
Another feature you will find is a wide selection of pre-pro-
grammed models all ready for you to fly. You are not limited to flying GPMZ4104 Add-Ons Volume IV Includes 13 Aircraft: Albatross, Harrier, Electro Streak, Ryan STA,
just one type of aircraft. Perhaps you would like to try a trainer, a 1/3 Pitts Special, Edge 540, P-40 Warhawk; Special Select, RC Nobler, Tutor, Stuka, RV4, T-Craft 20. Includes
3 Helis: Kyosho Caliber 30, Kyosho Concept EP, and a Huey. Includes four new flying fields and a few extra
biplane, a ducted fan, or a glider. Perhaps you are primarily an aircraft
options for Gen 2 also!
pilot but would like to try a helicopter, just to see what it is like. No
problem, most simulators give you lots of different models to choose GPMZ4105 Add-Ons Volume V Includes 11 Aircraft: Gee Bee, Lancair, Contender, Shoestring, BVM Jets
from as well as locations from which to fly them! King Cat, Wiper, Sea Fury, Double Whammy, T-34, Tiger Moth, and Osprey. Includes 2 helis: MD500E, Jay Hawk and
three new flying fields. Compatible only with G2 and Gen-2 Lite. Sharpest graphics resolution yet with greater detail.

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Boats 23
Down East Lobsterboat
Getting Started in Model Boats... Almost Ready-to-Run
Boats have been a popular aspect of R/C Modeling for many
Painted fiberglass hull with pre-finished wood & detailed cockpit
years and they take several forms: scale replicas, racing hydroplanes, Painted ABS cabinhouse with pre-installed windows
deep vees, airboats, and sail boats. These may be powered by electric High torque 5-pole motor and complete running hardware
motors, glow engines, gas engines, or even steam engines and their Mechanical speed control with 2 speeds forward, 1 speed reverse
construction may be from wood, fiberglass, or molded plastic.
Wooden hull boats are usually the most intricate to assemble as
the hull is generally made up of many pieces of wood fitted or planked
onto a framework. Care must also be taken to ensure the hull is water-
tight and that the wood is finished with a paint or resin to protect it
from the water. Wooden boats are usually the least expensive boat kits MID996
but require the most work to finish. Length: 30 in Beam: 10 in Height: 20 in Scale: 1:12 $419.99
Fiberglass models will come with their hulls preformed with very Required to Complete Down East Lobsterboat
little construction necessary. Most of the work consists of detailing Futaba 2ER
or constructing the deck and installing running hardware and radio Radio System Wall Charger
FUT2DR DYM4051
equipment. Fiberglass kits tend to be the most expensive as much
work is done by the manufacturer in laying up a fiberglass hull. $59.99 $14.99
Boats preformed from ABS plastic are becoming very popular as
they combine simplicity and ease of assembly with lower production
costs giving you a boat that is Almost Ready to Float (ARF) costing
much less than a fiberglass equivalent and requiring less work to fin-
6-Cell Battery
ish. With these boats, both the hull and the deck are molded and quite 1 oz. Flash glue Packs
often will be already joined at the factory. Not only that, many of these NHP321 Medium DTXC2030
kits come with motor and running hardware installed with only the $5.99 $19.99 X 2
radio to install and the decals to be applied!

Electronic
Speed Control 8 AA Alkalines
PRB2314 GHPAA4 (4)
$58.99 $3.99 x 2
King Fisher
Ready-to-Run

Scale rigging, fishing gear and other fine details


Pre-painted fiberglass hull
Servos, forward/reverse 50A ESC,
4.5A Pb-Acid sealed battery, charger
and radio all included in the box

Scale Boats
Scale boats encompass just about all kinds of boating where the TTT5301GA1
model is designed to look and perform like its full size counterpart. Al-
though a few scale boats are powered by glow, gas or steam, the major-
Length: 21.65 in Beam: 8.1 in Height: 18 Motor: 550 incl. $339.99
ity of scale boats are electric powered. Unlike the electric hydroplanes
and deep vees where speed is of a concern, the scale electrics are gen- Reef Racer
erally powered by lower RPM, lower amperage, higher torque motors. Ready-to-Run
Six or twelve volt lead acid or gel type batteries are generally used and Includes radio and motor systemalready installed
will give long running times of from a half hour to several hours on a Includes electronic speed control, 1 battery & charger
single charge. Speed is controlled by either a mechanical or an elec- Comes assembled, ready-to-go!
tronic speed control with forward and reverse. The radio controls the
speed with one channel and the steering, via a rudder, with the other. Red
Boating lends itself nicely to operational accessories such as lights, HOBB14A3
winches, cranes, and water pumps as the additional weight is not a det-
Length: 15 in Beam: 6 in
riment to performance; in fact, quite often additional weight is neces-
sary to make the boat float at the scale waterline. These accessories can
be powered with the same 6 or 12 volt battery that powers the motor
and additional channels on the radio can be used for activating them. White Blue Yellow Purple Orange
Devices are available that can be added to your radio system to allow HOBB14A1 HOBB14A2 HOBB14A4 HOBB14A5 HOBB14A6
several different functions to be controlled by one channel.
Required to Complete
In addition to the boat kit you will usually require a two or more
channel radio system (on a surface frequency), an electric motor, a Only 8 AA alkalines
speed control, running hardware including shaft and propeller, a bat- $99.99 GHPAA4 (4)

tery, and a charger for the battery. $3.99 X 2


w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
24 Boats GREAT HOBBIES

Racing Boats Miss LLumar


Racing Boats take several forms including hydroplanes, tunnel 1/12 Scale Nitro Ready-to-Run
hulls and deep vees; each being classified by the shape of the bottom Bright yellow color scheme
of the hull. Tunnel hulls and hydros have flatter bottoms and ride on Reliable and easy-to-start Dynamite .15 engine
a small surface area when up to speed. Hydroplanes ride on two side Fiberglass hull
sponsons and the very aft center portion of the hull. They may use Includes a JR Python radio
either inboard or outboard power. Tunnel Hulls run on two long spon- Ready to run, right from the box
sons which extend much of the length of the hull on either side. They PRB2500
are usually outboard powered as there is no center portion of the hull Length: 27 in Beam: 14 in Scale: 1:12 $369.99
to support running hardware. Both tunnels and hydros require a very Required to Complete Nitro Miss LLumar
Kwik start glo-plug igniter Super Tape
smooth water surface and are not suitable for choppy conditions. DUB666 PRA8091
$17.99 $5.39
12 AA alkalines
Plus you will need fuel! GHPAA4 (4)
See page 5 $3.99 X 3
Blast
Ready-to-Run Electric
Shaft-driven
Steerable outdrive and surface piercing prop
Includes exclusive Nautica electronic speed control
Comes with Stinger 20-turn motor
Great Hobbies Regatta 2002 Can be ready-to-run in only a few minutes
Radio systems and electronic speed control installed
The deep vee is a popular racing boat, available for either in- TRX3810
board or outboard power. The hull is V shaped and can cut through Length: 23.75 in Motor: Stinger 20-turn (included) $219.99
the water, maintaining speed in rough conditions. Although not as Required to Complete Blast
fast as the hydro or tunnel hull, it may be a better choice if your rac- Prophet Plus 6-Cell Battery
Pack
ing site has a lot of chop. AC/DC Charger DTXC2030
In the past, the glow engine has been the most popular power for DYM4054
8 AA alkalines $19.99
racing boats, however, with the rapid growth in R/C car technology, $59.99 GHPAA4 (4)
electric power has become quite popular in smaller models giving ex-
cellent results. Large, gas powered deep vees are also becoming popu-
$3.99 X 2
lar. They usually come with very little assembly necessary and opera- Shockwave 55
tion is simple with pull recoil starters on converted whipper snipper Super Sport RTR
No assembly required RTR
motors! High-performance Zenoah G-26M
What you need in addition to the boat kit will depend on the type gas engine & tuned exhaust installed
of boat it is and the amount of prefabrication that has been done. Gen- High-quality, pre-painted, fiberglass composite
erally you will require a two channel radio (on a surface frequency), deep-V hull with Super Sport trim scheme
a motor appropriate to the model, running hardware, and if electric, Stainless steel dual rudder design offers incredibly sharp handling and durability
a battery pack and charger. Electric set-ups for racing boats are usu- Clutch and water pump let the ShockWave idle safely without overheating
ally very similar to R/C cars and you can find more information on the Enhanced engine mounting system makes maintenance and adjustment easy
required support equipment in our Getting Started in R/C Cars section Length: 55 in Beam: 15 in Prop Size: Prather B270 PRB2650
(page 26). Many of the electric racing boats come almost ready to run Radio: 2-Ch, JR XR3i (installed) Engine: Zenoah G26M (installed) $1199.99
in which case the running hardware, motor, and speed control are quite Required to Complete Shockwave 55
often included. A few even come packaged with a radio. If you choose 12 AA alkalines
Plus you will need 2-cycle GHPAA4 (4)
a glow powered boat, you will also require field support equipment for
starting the engine. Please refer to our Getting Started in R/C Cars sec-
oil and gas! $3.99 X 3
tion for more information on this. Most of the equipment is identical.
(due April)
ThunderCat 31
RTR
Painted Fiberglass Hull
Electric Starting System with Sullivan Tiger Drive
Stainless Steel Hardware and Prather Brass Propeller
Custom Boat Stand Included
Tuned Exhaust
Length: 31.8 in Beam: 11.6 in Prop Size: Prather 215 PRB2750
Radio: Pro Boat 2-Ch (installed) Engine: Dynamite .32 (installed) $399.99
Required to Complete ThunderCat 31
12 AA alkalines 6-Cell Battery Pack
GHPAA4 (4) DTXC2030
$3.99 X 3 $19.99
Kwik Start
Glo-Plug Igniter Plus you will NiCd Wall Charger
DYM4051
DUB666 need suitable
Great Hobbies Regatta 2001 $17.99 glow fuel! $14.99
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Boats 25
Length: 36 in Beam: 13 in Air Force
Ready-to-Run
Comes with pre-painted gel coat fiberglass hull & engine cowl
Includes Futaba 2-channel radio already installed
Includes .46 ABC ball bearing aircraft engine already installed
Includes all required hardware and display stand

Only
$299.99 Blue
HOBB27A2

Green Red Yellow Grey Orange


HOBB27A1 HOBB27A3 HOBB27A4 HOBB27A5 HOBB27A6
Required to Complete

12 AA alkalines
GHPAA4 (4)
Fuel Pump
Airboats $3.99 X 3 HANPUMPH
Airboats are a great introduction to boating, especially for those $15.99
already involved in R/C aircraft. They use almost all the same equip- Kwik Start Glo-Plug igniter
ment used in model aircraft, including an aircraft engine, propeller, DUB666 Safety Stick
HOBP3335
and support equipment. (Please note, you cannot use an aircraft fre- $17.99
quency radio in your boat. Your must use a radio on a frequency for $5.69
surface vehicles.) The engine is mounted on a pedestal on the back of Plus you will also need fuel (see page 5)
the boat and steering is accomplished by either an air or a water rud- Sanibel 36
der. In addition to your airboat kit you will require a 2-channel radio
Ready-to-Run
(on a surface frequency), an aircraft glow engine, and support equip- High-quality, handcrafted fiberglass hull and deck
ment to start and run the engine. Please refer to our Getting Started Includes 2-channel JR Beat radioalready installed
in R/C Aircraft section (page 6) for more information on field support Sail is controlled by a powerful sail-winch servo
equipment. 2-piece anodized aluminum mast that is detachable for transport
Lightweight, water-resistant nylon sails
Attractive detailing for scale look
Only a small amount of rigging requiredready to sail in 2 hours!

Only
$329.99
PRB2400

Length: 36 in Beam: 7 in Overall Height: 69in


Sail Area: 52 sq. in Radio: JR 2-ch Beat (included)
Required to Complete

12 AA alkalines
GHPAA4 (4)

$3.99 X 3

Great Hobbies Regatta 2001 Static Kits


1/12 scale 16
1/12 Scale
Sailboats 1/12 scale 16
The sailboat is another popular form of boating which offers
scale realism, relaxation or excitementwhichever you choose
and inexpensive operating costs. Sailboats are completely wind
powered and operate the same as the full size. One channel of the Peterboro Canoe
radio controls the sails (main and jib) via a winch or sail arm servo. MID982
Indian Girl Canoe
The sails can be taken in or let out according to your point of sail. $42.99 MID981
A second channel controls a rudder for steering.
In many places, regattas and races are held with the boats
$42.99
grouped into classes where similar boats race. Sailboats are usu-
ally classed by the amount of sail area they have. Chesapeake 17
In addition to your kit, you will require a two channel radio MID989
(on a surface frequency), and for the larger models, a sail control
Chesapeake Double
MID994 1/12 scale 17
$42.99
servo or winch. There is virtually no field equipment required for 1/12 scale 21
most sailboats.
$49.99
These kits are designed for static display and are not radio controlled.
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
26 Cars & Trucks GREAT HOBBIES

Getting Started in R/C Cars & Trucks... Ready-to-Run


Cars and Trucks have been the fastest growing category of radio con-
trol in the past decade and rightly so. They are fast, exciting, and
something everyone of all ages can take part in at their own level.
R/C land vehicles fit into four main interest categories: Off Road Bug-
gies, On Road Cars, Monster Trucks, and Stadium Race Trucks. In
addition, you can find any of these types of vehicles powered either 3D semi-monocoque aluminum chassis Reg. Price$659.99
electrically or by nitro/gas. Twin Hi-torque steering servos
Flywheel acces for starter boxes
Off Road Buggies Sealed pivot ball suspension
Only
The Off Road Buggy has been a very popular R/C vehicle and TRX 2.5R racing engine installed
is the vehicle that started the R/C car craze. They are of open-wheel Traxxas TQ-3 3-channel radio system installed $589.99
design with lots of ground High volume aluminum shocks mounted TRX5310
clearance, full-travel suspen- inboard in a lay-down configuration
sion and knobby tires for lots
of grip. They can travel al-
most anywhere; the rougher
Savage 25
Ready-to-Run Nitro
the terrain the better. Off
Road Buggies can be found
in both two (2WD) and four
Team Losi XXX Buggy
wheel drive (4WD). The most
common size is 1/10 scale although you can also find them in 1/8
through 1/4 scale. Off road buggies are both electric and nitro pow- 1/8 scale, Nitro Star S-25 engine
True ABC construction
ered. Larger versions would normally be powered by gas.
Push button Roto Start system
More power, faster speeds, new features
On Road Cars Takes the popular Savage 21 to the next level Only
On Road car racing has really become popular and in many ar- Billet heatsink head $539.99
eas has exceeded Off Road in popularity. Pre-painted body, pre-glued tires HPI832
On Road racing has branched into two streams of activity, one Comes Ready-to-Run with radio installed
being the original On Have it up and running in only 15 minutes
Road cars which are
extremely low to the T-Maxx 2.5
ground and are fash- Ready-to-Run Nitro
ioned after the full size
NASCAR and Indy style
HPI Racing Acura RSX cars. They must have a
very smooth surface for running, usually a paved outdoor or carpet Simply the most popular R/C vehicle ever!
indoor track. A gym floor or concrete surface is not suitable as they 4WD with 2-speed transmission & reverse
Includes Traxxas 2.5 Nitro Engine
are too slippery and the car will spin out too easily.
Includes Traxxas TQ3 3-ch radio
The second is the newer parking lot racing, known as sedan or tour- Everything is assembled & ready to go
ing car racing, where cars are fashioned after a broader range from sports
cars, to Indy cars, to stock cars, etc. They are designed to work well on
pavement and are more capable in the dirt than the original On Road.
The On Road cars can reach very high speeds and both oval
Only
track racing and road racing are popular. Electric on road cars are $529.99
generally 1/12 and 1/10 scale while the nitro-powered versions are TRX4910
1/10 and 1/8 in scale. More recently, the micro size vehicles have
come into their own, being only 1/18 scale in size. Required to Complete
Turbo Fueler
Monster Trucks DYM2000
McCoy Power Plugs (2)
Monster Trucks are the big boys of off road and although not as $12.99 DYM2508
fast as the buggies, they can climb, pull, crush, and generally make
themselves known on any terrain. Monster Trucks are characterized
$14.99
Backyard Basher 20%
by four huge, deep tread MORSWBB15Q
6-Cell Battery
tires, usually in 4WD con- $13.99 Pack
figuration, and some even DTXC2030
with four wheel steering. 12 AA Alkalines $19.99
GHPAA4 (4)
Quite often two electric mo-
tors will power these brutes $3.99 x 3 XL Glow Igniter
for lots of torque. Nitro ver- DUB668
sions are also popular. The NiCd Wall Charger
DYM4051
Flash medium CA
NHP321
$24.99
common size for these ve-
hicles is 1/10 scale although $14.99 $5.99
models are inching towards (Required only
the larger size of 1/8 scale. Traxxas T-Maxx for T-Maxx)

C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Cars & Trucks 27
Stadium Racers Mini T
Stadium Racers are a combination Off Road Buggy and Monster 1/18 RTR Electric
Truck and they have become just about the most popular facet of R/C
vehicle. They sport truck bodies and knobby truck tires on 1/10 scale
off road cars, and boy, do they Looks and runs like a minature Losi XXX-T
move! They are available in Completely RTR with painted body
both electric and nitro-pow- Digital proportional radio system and
ered versions. The electrics electronic speed control
have performance similar Potent RS-280 motor
to their buggy counterparts Features extended travel, long arm suspension with friction
and they share many of the dampers, digital proportional radio system w/adjustable
same parts. The nitro ma- Team Associated T4 Stadium Racer rate steering and electronic speed control with reverse
chines have come along way in the past number of years and have Required to Complete Only
surpassed electric in popularity. They are very dependable, quite rug- 12 AA Alkalines $149.99
ged, and very fast. GHPAA (4) TMLB0200
$3.99 x 3
What You Will Need for Electrics...
The Vehicle RC18T 4WD Truck
Vehicles are available pre-built and packaged with a radio system Only
1/18 Ready-to-Run Electric
or in kit form that requires assembly. The model will usually include all $224.99
parts necessary to assemble the car. Some kits, especially on road cars, ASC20100
may require the motor, body, and electronic speed control as an extra
purchase. Ready-to-run packages come with just about everything. Shaft driven 4 wheel drive w/ adjustable ball differentials
The body is usually a clear Lexan plastic that requires being cut 2-channel radio w/electronic speed control installed
out and painted with a special polycarbonate paint. It is painted on Oil filled shocks
the inside leaving the smooth and shiny plastic surface on the outside. 1100 mAh NiMh battery & charger included
The remainder of the chassis goes together with simple tools such as Aluminum motor mount
screw drivers, nut drivers, pliers, etc. and rarely needs special shap- Interchangable lower suspension arms
ing or finishing. Purchasing your model in kit form is advantageous as
you learn how the car works during assembly. This experience can be Required to Complete
valuable when it comes to maintaining and tuning your car. 8 AA Alkalines
GHPAA (4)

The Radio $3.99 x 2


Most radio systems for R/C cars and trucks are simple, 2-channel
units that are much less expensive than those used for aircraft.
They will usually not come with rechargeable batteries so it will be
Mini LST
necessary to purchase 8 alkaline cells 1/18 RTR Electric
to power the transmitter. Most systems
today are equipped with a Battery Elimi-
nator Circuit (BEC) in the receiver so that Only
the radio in the vehicle can be powered
by the motors battery pack. Recharge-
$229.99
TMLB0215
able NiCds may also be used for the
transmitter and are available separately.
The biggest decision in selecting a ra- Twin Frenzy-370 Motors & dual-motor Sport ESC
dio system is whether to go with a 2- 4WD with Slipper Clutch with 3 Differentials
stick or pistol grip transmitter. Pistol grip Dual Deck Aluminum Chassis & dual steering servos
is more popular with the racing crowd as Mini-Magneto Chrome Wheels and Mini- Claw Tires
it gives the driver better control over the car Extra-long Suspension Travel & Oversized, Oil-Filled Shocks Required to Complete
Futaba 3PM Pistol Radio and has a more natural feel. For more in- 27mHz FM Synthesized Radio System
Futaba 3PM Pistol Radio formation on radio systems, refer to our 1100mAh Ni-MH Battery Pack and Charger
8 AA Alkalines
GHPAA (4)
Introduction to Radio Systems section (page 19). $3.99 x 2
The Battery Pack
A rechargeable battery pack is required to run virtually all electric
cars and trucks. These are typically made up of 6 or 7 NiCd cells wired
together in a pack which is removable for charging. Most racers will
have several battery packs, running with one while another is charging. Getting started R/C Nitro Basics
Charge times are usually about 20 minutes. in R/C Cars MAN1010
Matched battery packs are also available and these give you the MAN1007
most power right till the end of the packs discharge. All NiCd cells $29.99
$22.99
are not created equal and some will have more capacity than others.
A 6-cell pack, made up of six different NiCd cells, will only give good Written by John Huber, it discusses how R/C cars work, A collection of some of the best R/C nitro related articles
power while all six are delivering their best. If one cell drops off first, the different types of cars available, how to build and tune from Radio Control car action and Radio Control nitro mag-
the pack will have lost its oomph and that could be critical in a race your R/C car, how to get the most out of the electric motots azines. Written by the pros, they cover every aspect of R/C
and glow engines, driving tips, as well as what you need to Nitro including setting up your own nitro vehicle and tuning
(not so serious for sport running).
know about batteries and installing your electronics. your engine for optimum performance. Well illustrated.
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
28 Cars & Trucks GREAT HOBBIES

In other words, a pack is as good as its weakest cell! A matched pack RC10 B4
is assembled from cells that have been tested for capacity, all cells be- 1/10 Ready-to-Run Electric Buggy
ing more or less equal, delivering the same power and lasting about
the same duration. See more about batteries (page 30). Completely fully assembled and Ready-to-Run
Includes Airtronics Blazer Sport radio system
& LRP electronic speed control
The Charger Features 95% content of the team kit
There are various types of chargers available for R/C car packs Includes 17T motor
and these are powered from either 110 VAC or 12 VDC or both. Includes pre-painted/trimmed body
Overnight chargers are inexpensive and give a good charge, equal- Full set of 14 sealed-rubber ball bearings
Standard blue-anodized aluminum shocks
izing the cells in the pack (every pack should be slow charged at Double-sided slipper clutch Only
an overnight rate every four to six charges). However, they are slow, 2.6:1 hi-torque capacity $299.99
taking 10 to 15 hours for a complete charge. This makes them im- Rugged steel dogbone rear axles ASC9050
practical for use at the track unless
you have a lot of packs charged and
ready to go. Most beginners to the
sport will get a timed charger that
Stampede
will operate from both wall current 1/10 Ready-to-Run Electric
and a 12V car battery. That way you Only
can charge from your home or at the
track from a car if no AC is available.
Comes completely pre-built, Ready-to-Run with pre-painted/trimmed body
Includes Traxxas pistol radio system with speed control
$189.99
TRX3610
Powerful stinger 20T modified motor full ball bearings
Dynamite Prophet Plus Charger After the battery is connected, a dis- Planetary gear diff with adjustable ratios
charge circuit is turned on discharge
the pack completely. This ensures that all cells are in the same charge Tough 272 Magnum transmission
Adjustable slipper clutch
state and that you will not overcharge the pack. After discharging,
High volume, oil-filled shocks
a timer is turned on and the pack charges for as long as the timer is
set. Most chargers will take between 15 and 25 minutes to charge
a 1400maH pack. These chargers usually also have a trickle charge Stampede w/electronic Speed Control
TRX3606
mode where the pack may be charged at the overnight rate.
Another popular charger, used by most competitors and ad- $219.99
vanced racers, is the peak detection charger. These units have elec-
tronic circuitry which can detect when a battery has had a full charge. Evader ST Pro
You can plug the battery in, activate the charge, and leave it until the 1/10 Ready-to-Run Electric
unit kicks back to the trickle charge rate. These also take approxi-
mately 15 to 25 minutes to charge. Comes completely built and Ready-to-Run
Futaba 2-channel pistol radio installed
Includes Intellispeed 12T reversible electronic speed control
The Motor Team Orion Havok 15T double wound modified motor
Electric Motors for R/C cars and trucks are almost all of the Ma- Pro-line 2.2 ribbed front and 2.2 spiked rear tires
buchi 540 design with a many different kinds of winds and number Pre-painted and pre-trimmed body
Includes a full set of ball bearings
of winds of the armature. The different winds give a different com-
promise between speed and torque. They
Only
are broken down into two main classes,
stock and modified. $329.99
DTXC0027R
Stock motors must be run as is and
cannot be opened for modifications. Modified
motors can have their timing changed XXX-S Sport II Sedan
(position of the magnets with respect to the 1/10 Ready-to-Run Electric
armature) or whatever modifications the
driver wishes to make. Modified motors Trinity Green Machine Completely pre-built and Ready-to-Run
generally have more power than stock mo- Includes JR XR-2i radio with high torque servos
tors but will drain the battery pack faster. Be careful when installing TL sport forward/reverse speed control
a modified motor in a vehicle meant for a stock one. The gears and Sleek ALFA racing body
19-turn motor Single belt drive
the speed control may not be able to handle the extra demands of the
Full ball bearings
greater torque and higher current.
Only
Speed Controls $359.99
There are two basic kinds of speed controls used in R/C vehicles, TMLA0285
the mechanical kind and the electronic kind. Many of the kits (but not
all) will come with a mechanical unit. These are generally 3-speed for- Required to Complete All of the Above
ward, 3-speed reverse and are less expensive than the electronic ones. Prophet Plus AC/DC Charger 6-Cell Battery
Electronic speed controls are far superior to the mechanical ones as DYM4054
Pack
DTXC2030
they give precision control of the current going to your motor, fully $59.99 $19.99
proportional from stop to full speed; they almost always have brakes
and may or may not have reverse. Some electronic speed controls are 8 AA Alkalines
GHPAA4 (4)
available with radio systems as a substitute for one of the servos.
$3.99 x 2
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 Cars & Trucks 29
Nitro Rustler
What You Will Need to Go Nitro... 1/10 Ready-to-Run
The Vehicle Completely pre-built and ready-to-run
Just as with the electric cars and trucks, you can get your model Includes Traxxas TQ pistol grip 2-channel radio (installed)
already pre-assembled or in kit form. These models are built very sim- Includes Traxxas TRX 2.5 engine (installed)
Magnum 281 transmission with ball bearings
ilarly to the electric ones except the transmission and gear train are EZ-start electric start system
sturdier to withstand the added stress of the more powerful glow or Adjustable gear ratios disc brakes
gas engines. The engine may or may not come with the model. Extra-long, high volume, oil-filled shocks

The Radio Only


Your needs for a radio system will be the same as for an electric $399.99
model except you will need batteries to power the radio in your vehicle. TRX4410
There is no battery pack for the motor to run a BEC. You will also have to
make the decision of either a stick control or pistol grip set-up. Refer to our Nitro RS4 3 EVO
Introduction to Radio Systems section (page 19) for more information. 4WD Ready-to-Run Nitro
Completely assembled with pre-painted/trimmed body
The Engine Comes with 2-ch radio system installed
Most combustion powered vehicles are currently using 2-cycle Comes with T-15 ABC engine installed
glow engines unless the vehicle is 1/6 scale or greater in size where gaso- Included push-button Roto start ignition
line motors are common. Glow car engines are similar in operation to Aluminum header & composite turned pipe
model aircraft engines. Refer to our Introduction to Model Engines sec- Includes 18 rubber-sealed ball bearings BMW M3GT HPI10001
Full time, shaft-driven 4WD
tion (page 7) for a more detailed description of glow engine operation.

Track Equipment Your Choice


Nitro-powered cars and trucks are very similar to model aircraft
in their support equipment needs. First you will need fuel (usually
$419.99
Viper GTS HPI10002
sold by the gallon jug) and a way of getting it from the container into
the fuel tank. This could be as simple as a bulb fuel pump, a hand- XXX-NTII
pump, or as elaborate as a battery powered electric fuel pump. The
Ready-to-Run
second basic necessity is power for your glow plug. As described in
our Introduction to Model Engines, a glow engine needs to have cur-
rent run through its glow plug before it can start running. This must
be supplied by a 1.2 to 1.5 volt battery or by an adjustable circuit Completely pre-built and ready-to-run
Includes Mach 15 engine
called a glow driver, frequently found on power panels. A third item
Includes JR XR-2i computer radio system
that is sometimes required is an electric starter. Some glow powered Team Losi Spin Start remote starter system
vehicles come with recoil pull starters and some do not. If the engine Chrome wheels & Fury-NT truck body
you choose does not, you will need a starter, a 12V battery to power Rigid aluminum chassis Only
it, and a battery charger to charge the battery. Fully-tunable independent suspension $429.99
Once into the hobby, most modelers will go with field support Hard-anodized oil-filled shocks & race quality coil springs TMLA0887
consisting of the following: A field box to hold everything; a power Full ball bearings Alum tuned exhaust
panel; a 12 volt battery to power the power panel; a charger to charge Required for Required for
the 12 volt battery; a glow plug clip to apply power to the glow plug Rustler & RS4 3 EVO XXX-NT & RS4 3 EVO
from the power panel; an electric fuel pump which can be operated 6-Cell Battery
from the power panel; fuel line, filters, and cap fittings for the fuel Pack
container to connect to the pump and the fuel tank; a 12 volt electric DTXC2030 XL Glow Igniter
DUB668
starter which can be powered from the power panel; a 4-way glow $19.99 $24.99
plug wrench; miscellaneous tools; and spare glow plugs. The level of
field support you choose initially will usually depend on how much
you want to spend. NiCd Wall Charger
True gas-powered vehicles are always equipped with a recoil pull DYM4051
starter and require very little in the way of field equipment. Gasoline $13.49
and a method for getting it into the tank is about all that is necessary.
Required to Complete All of the Above
Replacement and After Market Parts Turbo Fueler
Just about every individual part is available for every vehicle that DYM2000
we carry. Many of the parts we will carry in stock for quick repair and $12.99 After Run
even if we dont have it in stock, we can get it for you quite easily. PRA7140

Along with the stock replacement parts, there are many aftermar- Backyard Basher 20% $3.69
ket parts available for R/C cars and trucks. These many parts include MORSWBB15Q
wheels, tires, bodies, suspension, steering assemblies, transmissions, $14.99
decals, etc. Some are made specifically for a given car while others
are generic and will fit many different models. Most aftermarket parts McCoy Power Plugs (2)
12 AA Alkalines DYM2508
are designed to improve the performance of your car in one way or GHPAA4 (4)
another. After you get into it, give some hop-ups a try! $3.99 x 3 $14.99
w w w . g r e a t h o b b i e s . c o m
30 Batteries GREAT HOBBIES
External Charge Jack
Introduction to Batteries...
Most of the batteries we use in our hobby today are the recharge- Brings your receivers charge jack
able type. There are several kinds of rechargeable batteries and these
to the outside of your aircraft. Use it
include NiCd (Nickel Cadmium), NiMH (Nickel Metal Hydride), Li-Po
for checking your battery with an ESV!
(Lithium Polymer), lead-acid, sealed lead-acid, and gel-cell, among
others. NiCds are used to run our radio systems as well as power our
Futaba JR / Hitec
model cars, boats, and planes. Generally they are wired together in ERN124 ERN147
packs of four or more cells, depending on the application. NiMH are
relatively new and are being widely accepted for the same applica-
$3.89 $3.89
tions as NiCds. Li-Po cells are very new technology and are quickly
Expanded Scale Voltmeter
finding their way into model applications, particularly in powering
electric model aircraft. The lead acid and gel-cell batteries are usually
6 or 12 volt and used to power flight boxes and electric scale boats. High quality analog meter
Since NiCds are the most commonly used in radio control, I will Measures both 9.6V transmitter and 4.8V reciever packs
limit discussion here to that type only. For more information on bat- Tests packs under simulated servo load to give accurate readings
teries, please refer to our web site or our full, 320-page catalog. Comes with probe style test leads

NiCd Batteries A definite must for your flight box!


Can save your plane from undue HANESV
Battery packs to operate our radio systems and to power our
models are made up of individual NiCd cells. The size of the pack crashes when used regularly. $16.99
is determined by both the number of cells and the capacity of those
cells. The cells in a pack are wired in series with the overall voltage
Sure Cycle Battery Cycler
of the pack being determined by the number of cells. Each NiCd cell
has a nominal voltage of 1.2V so the nominal voltage of the pack
will be 1.2 times the number of cells. Cycle NiCd and NiMh receiver & transmitter packs
The capacity of the pack is determined by the capacity of each cell Cycles both simultaneously or independantly
and this is rated in milliamp-hours (maH)the average current drawn AC-powered & simple push-button operation
Discharges at 400mA
times the time in hours. A NiCd cell of 1000maH capacity will ideally sup-
Charges Tx at 100mA & Rx at 50 or 150 mA
ply 1000ma of current for one hour, although efficiency is usually some-
LCD displays capacity, voltage & charge time
what less (about 5 to 8% less). It will also ideally supply 2000ma of current Automatically charges after discharge is complete HAN9525
for a half hour or 500ma of current for 2 hours (again, less about 5 to 8%). Connectors included for most radio brands $74.99
When operating a radio control system it is very important to know
the condition of the batteries powering it. The life of your model, and Quick Field Charger Mk II
the safety of those around it, depends on this. Always be certain your
transmitter and receiver battery packs are fully charged before you op-
erate your model. Your transmitter will usually have a meter indicating Two completely independent charge circuits
the current state of your transmitter battery making it easy to monitor Ideal for charging both transmitter & receiver at once
during operation. One way you can determine the state of your receiver Input power of 10 to 15 VDC
battery is to plug an expanded scale voltmeter (ESV) into your pack and Charges 1 to 8-cell NiCd and NiMh packs
measure the voltage under load. Doing this after each flight during a Charges 1 to 3-cell Li-Po packs
flying session is a good habit to acquire. Consider using an external Peak charge NiCd & NiMh at 0.2 to 2.0 amps HOBP0290
charge jack on your model to more easily facilitate this. Trickle charge at 0, 50, 85 or 100 ma
Charge Li-Po at 1A with constant current/voltage
$64.99
All radio systems that come with rechargeable NiCds will also in-
clude a dual charger for charging both the transmitter and receiver packs.
This is an overnight charger and will generally take about 14 hours to get Transmitter NiCd Conversion
a complete charge. Fast chargers are also available for charging at the field
which can be convenient for having a long day of flying or if your system
got left on by mistake and your batteries are drained. Quickly converts your transmitter to
rechargeable status! Includes 8 AA
If a NiCd battery is repeatedly fully charged and then used an
NiCd cells and charger
amount that is less than full capacity (lets say you charge and regu-
larly have three or four flights in a session), after a period of time, Universal Connector JR Connector
DYM1910 DYM1900
it may not be able to deliver any more than the capacity frequently
used. This is called NiCd memory. To get maximum potential from $32.99 $32.99
your NiCds it is desirable to avoid this condition. Discharging your
batteries completely on a periodic basis will help. There are devices Alkaline Batteries
available called cyclers that will automatically do this for you. In
addition, they will measure the capacity of your batteries so you will
AAA Alkalines (4) C Alkalines (2)
always know the condition of them. This is ideal for detecting bad GHPAAA4 GHPC2
batteries before they destroy a model. Cyclers, used properly, will
usually pay for themselves in saved aircraft.
$4.99 $4.99
NiCd batteries are not environmentally friendly. They contain AA Alkalines (4) 9v Alkalines (1) D Alkalines (2)
Cadmium which is dangerous to the environment. These batteries GHPAA4 GHP9V GHPD2
must be recycled and cannot be simply discarded in the waste. $3.99 $4.99 $4.99
C a n a d a s L e a d i n g R a d i o C o n t r o l D e a l e r
1-800-839-3262 MAAC 31
Model Aeronautics Assoc. of Canada...
The Official Governing Body of Model Aviation in Canada
Its Aeromodeling and its been around since mans early at-
tempts at flight. In the past fifty years Aeromodeling has come a long
way from kids toys. Today you can build model airplanes of incred-
ible realism and fly them as expertly as a pilot sitting at the controls.
So if video games dont offer you the challenge they once did,
youre ready for live action in three dimensions. Turn off your TV,
grab a friend or the whole family, and come to the wild blue world
Model Aeronautics Association of Canada
Unit 9, 5100 South Service Road, Burlington, ON L7L 6A5
of aeromodeling. Its a wonderful form of self-expression. And, as Tel: (905) 632-9808 Fax: (905) 632-3304
you will see, it has something for everyone. E-mail: maachq@on.aibn.com Website: www.maac.ca

2006 Membership Form


Junior Membership (under 18 yrs as of Jan 1) $21.00

Junior Membership without magazine $10.00

Open Membership (18 yrs or over as of Jan 1) $75.00

Name:____________________________________________________________

Address:__________________________________________________________

City:______________________________________________________________

Why Aeromodelers Join MAAC


Prov:____________________________ Postal Code:______________________
The Model Aeronautics Association of Canada is here to help
you get started, answer your questions, provide guidance, and make
aeromodeling a hobby and sport that will be safe and fun. Tel:_____________________________ Fax:______________________________
There are many chartered clubs in Canada, each with one or
more airfields for its members. MAAC helps its clubs by working with
E-mail:____________________________________________________________
local zoning boards, parks and school districts to get and keep prop-
erty for flying.
Through MAAC, members are protected by liability insurance Birth Date:________________________________________________________
that covers them while building and flying their models, insures its
ANNUAL FEES: Payable January 1st each year. GST included in fees shown R127633378.
clubs, and also the owners of the flying fields. The rights of membership shall terminate on December 31st of each year. Current year fees
Contact MAAC for information on the club near you. Your local are non-refundable.
club would be happy to get you started.
PUBLICATIONS: Model Aviation Canada, known as MAC Mag, is the ocial publica-
Direct Benefits tion of MAAC. Publications are supplied to members on a bi-monthly basis.
Full liability insurance coverage for all your modeling activities
DECLARATION: I will abide by the rules and regulations that have been established, or
Ability to join any MAAC Chartered Club
will in future be established by the Model Aeronautics Association of Canada. I understand
Ability to participate in any MAAC Chartered Club activity that my failure to comply with the Safety Code may result in failure of liability for any
Ability to participate in activities of related international clubs damages or claims. I also acknowledge that while operating a model aircraft in any of the
Ability to compete nationally and internationally 50 United States, insurance coverage will only be provided by Model Aeronautics Associa-
You will receive Model Aviation Canada magazine bi-monthly tion of Canada and I will abide by the ocial AMA safety code and use only approved
United States frequencies for radio control aircraft while ying in the 50 United States.
Indirect Benefits
MAAC gives modelers a single, national voice
Provides an avenue for information exchange between modelers Visa/MC:____________________________ Exp: _________________________
Acts as a liaison to government
Contributes to regional, national, and international competition
Provides assistance in obtaining and retaining flying fields Signature:____________________________ Date: ________________________
(parent or guardian must sign if applicant is under the age of 18)
Provides safety and field guidelines
Acts as a liaison to the radio control industry Copy this page. Fill it out and fax or mail it to address at top. Enclose payment by cheque or credit card.
Please allow 3 to 5 weeks for processing.
Acts as a liaison to similar organizations in other countries
provided by
Compiles Canadian records
Provides a museum and archiving of related material

Proud supporter of RC Canada


Canadas Premier Radio Control Website
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Stratford, Prince Edward Island
Canada C1B 2A8