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What are the differences between

Leukemia and Lymphoma


Table of Contents
Introduction
Blood Cell Lineages
Lymphoid
Myeloid
4 Main types of Leukemia
Lymphoma
Hodgkins vs. Non-Hodgkins
Hematopoiesis
Myeloid Lymphoid
Origin- Bone Marrow Origin-Bone Marrow
Granulocytes Lymphocytes
White blood cells T-Cells
Neutrophil Mature through thymus
Eosinophil teaching
Macrophages Cell Mediated Immunity
Basophils B-Cells
Megakaryocyte Mature in the Bone Marrow
Red Blood cells Humoral immune response
Chronic vs. Acute
Acute
Symptoms appear and worsen rapidly over time
Increase in Blast cells Non-functional
Chronic
Symptoms develop and worsen over an extended
period of time (usually)
Later stage stem cell differentiation
Both
White Blood cells
Red Blood cells (Leads to Anemia)
Platelets (Bruising/Hemorrhages)
AML and CML
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Most common type of Slow growing cancer of white
Leukemia blood cells
Fast growing cancer of the 3 Phases
blood and bone marrow Chronic
Characterized by Accelerated
Leukemia cells in the Bone
Blast Phase (Sometimes
Marrow
referred to as ALL)
Blast cells- increased Characterized by
proliferation Too many white blood cells
Philadelphia chromosome
t(9;22)
bcr/abl gene
Makes tyrosine kinase
ALL and CLL
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Greatest risk for ALL is in the Risk associated with CLL
first 5 years of life increases rapidly after age 40.
Fast growing cancer of the 90% Diagnosed over 50
blood and bone marrow Can be a very stable disease,
Characterized by some may not received treatment
Uncontrollable and directly after the diagnosis
exaggerated growth of Characterized by
lymphoblasts Staging system (Rai or Binet)
Also non-functional # of lymphocytes in blood and
Blockade of normal marrow marrow
cells Spleen size
Lymph node distribution
Lymphomas
A type of Cancer that begins
with a malignant change in a
lymphocyte, lymph node cell or
lymphatic tissue of the marrow.
Two Main categories
Hodgkins
12% of Lymphoma
One of the most curable
Presence of Reed-Sternberg cell
Distinctive B-lymphocytes
Non-Hodkins
Majority of lymphoma cases
14 types of B-cell
Other types are T-cell and NK
cell
Spreads through the lymphatic
system in a less orderly way
Conclusion
Both Lymphocytic Leukemia and Lymphoma are the result of a
malignant transformation of a cell destined to be a lymphocyte.
Distinction(s)
The disease started from a lymphocytic cell in a lymph node or other part of
the Lymphatic System (LS)
Lymphoma
The disease started from a lymphocytic cell in Bone marrow (BM)
Leukemia

In either case, the malignant cells can migrate from their source (BM or
LS) and be found in the other.
Conclusion cont.
Reporting concerns for Forms Net 2.0
AML from MDS or MPS
Complete entire MDS section on Disease Classification and also
complete entire AML section
B cell/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma is reported under CLL
CML in Blast Crisis is sometimes referred to as Acute
Lymphoblastic Leukemia
This is not the case and the disease still should be reported as CML

Generally the Pre-TED follows World Health Organization (W.H.O.)


classifications.
PL E
SAM
PL E
SAM
PL E
SAM