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ANALYSIS OF INTERVIEW

All the interviews and surveys were conducted in Filipino because the respondents all

preferred to be interviewed in the mentioned language and in order for the interviewers to better

understand the answers of the farmers. The responses (data) were translated into English before

being analysed. During the data analysis, the researchers read all the field notes and listened to

the audio recordings.

To supplement the results and to fill the gap left in the quantitative part of the data

gathering, which consists of data and sources from the City of Agriculture Office in Balanga,

Bataan, the qualitative approach was used. For the researchers, this kind of technique will add

substance to the data that was gathered in the quantitative approach. The interviews also would

reveal a more detailed information based on the farmers perspectives. This qualitative research

is concerned with trying to achieve a clearer understanding of the problem under review than the

general that is the outcome of the gathering of data from the City Agriculture Office. Qualitative

methodology is conducted in order to get information on how the farmers from the barangays

Cabog-Cabog, Dangcol and Tanato think on what they know on a specific matter. This section of

research was conducted in the manner of an individual interview, consisting of 2 representatives

per barangay, one from the barangays main farmer association and one KAANIB representative

from each barangay, in total of 6 people in all the selected barangays. The information collected

was presented in narrative form that includes the description and analysis of data.

This section reflects on the result of the interview conducted with the interviewees. It

presents the analysis of their verbal responses during the interview.


Long and formal interviews were carried out with the farmers regarding their perceptions

of the impact of Barangay Week on the effective delivery of agricultural services to the farmers

in their barangays in the city of Balanga. The purpose was to find out what the subject think

about the Barangay Weekss impact on the agricultural services delivery to the farmers, and how

the specific program had contributed to the farmers in terms of the increase in their technical

knowledge, the increase of their income, and the growth of their regional programs awareness.

Topics discussed during the interview included the following questions.

TOPICS DISCUSSED DURING THE INTERVIEW

A. Farmers life: what are the main problems that the farmers in the barangays of Cabog-Cabog,

Dangcol, and Tanato usually encounter? Kasama na yung sa survey

All the representatives that the researchers had discussions with indicated unanimously that the

limited financial assistance being offered by the City Agriculture Office is one of the major

problems why almost all the farmers had to borrow money until the harvest season. It is also a

contributing factor that during the harvest season, no matter how ample their rice harvest would

be, most of their income would go to the payment of their debt. They also stated that financial

assistance and subsidies are needed the most especially when the season is not cooperating with

the farmers.

B. What are the agricultural services that the farmers usually ask from the City of Agriculture

Office? SPECIFIC DEMANDS of farmers from City of Agriculture tas yung grammar.

The researchers then asked the farmers about the usual agricultural services they demand from

the City of Agriculture office, and as what they stated in the previous topic, financial assistance

is what they prioritize to refer to the city officials whenever they had a chance to go to the office.
They stated that no matter how many seeds and seedlings the officials give them, these would not

be much of a help if they still have to borrow money from their neighbours or worse, informal

financiers (5/6), just to be able to plant the seeds because planting and the growing of rice

involves a lot of effort and at the same time, money.

Aside from financial assistance, the interviewees also stated that livelihood programs such as

livestock dispersal is an urgent matter for the farmers. They said that the livestock dispersal

would aid them in not relying on rice harvest too much, especially when the season is worse that

they sometimes end up not having anything from the rice paddy especially when the country is

having an El Nino and La Nina episodes. The livestock program would also help them have an

extra income for their whole family.

C. Barangay Week (sub topic ng barngay week tas technical knowledge, financial assistance,

regional programs awareness.

c.1 Barangay Week was initiated during the year of 2008, are the farmers able to attend to the

programs initiated during Barangay Week? Tas noun na wag na question form.

Many of the interviewees, in fact all of them, were able to attend in Barangay Week. The farmers

perceive it as an important program for it is during the program that they were able to convey

immediately what the farmers from the upland and distant barangays (such as the selected

barangays of Cabog-Cabog, Dangcol, Tanato) needed the most in terms of agricultural services.

Although some of them are busy in their rice and crops, they always make sure that once in a

while they are present in Barangay Week..

c.2 What do the farmers usually get from the program of Barangay Week?
Barangay Week features a number of programs for the people. Barangay Week comprises

also of agricultural services such as financial and seed subsidies, livestock dispersal, equipment

distribution, demonstration of new technologies and strategies to help farmers in their harvest.

Barangay Week also consists of consultations and open forum for the people in order for

them to not only say what they need but also give recommendations in order for the programs to

improve. The researchers also observed based on the statements of the farmers that the program

is deemed to be beneficial to the people because Barangay Week aims to accommodate the

public even in the most distant areas of the city. The farmers said that there are instances that the

City of Agriculture office would bring people (professionals, administrators, and educators) to

upland and remote areas in order to draw the services closer to the people, such as giving

personally seed subsidies (most of which are inbreed and hybrid seeds), equipment (collapsible

dryer, riffer, tractor) and livestock (chicken, goat, hog/pig, cattle, horse, carabao and cow) to the

people and through the Farmers Field School, demonstrating and teaching them new strategies

and technologies (in terms of the usage of inbreed and hybrid rice, pests control strategies,

sprayer and organic fertilizers technique) to help them in farming.

Barangay Week, aside from giving services to the people, also intends to make people

feel they are all significant part of the city. The demonstration, education, consultations and

open forum that happen in the Barangay Week are only some of the ways of encouraging people

to participate in the city of Balangas advocacy of an inclusive governance.

c.3 Does the program Barangay Week, and its agricultural services (FFS, seeds, equipment,

livelihood and financial assistance and subsidy) helpful in increasing the income of the farmers

in the barangay?
Many of the interviewees perceived the Barangay Week mainly as a tool of the City of

Balanga in order to help and reach out to the citizens of the city. In the case of the farmers, they

said that the programs under Barangay Week that specifically established in order to assist them

in the agriculture sector have been conducive for them to be able to increase their harvest thus

increase their total income. The seed subsidies, organic fertilizers, equipment and livestock

distribution have been advantageous for the farmers, focusing their earnings now on improving

their farm and harvest, and utilizing all that was given to them by the city. The agricultural

services also in a way, served as a solution to the often-mentioned financial service that the

farmers ask to the City of Agrgiculture, because Barangay Week also offers financial assistance

to the farmers.

The Farmers Field School that was introduced also by the Barangay Week also helps the

farmers in raising their income because the FFS officials and teachers demonstrate new

strategies, ideas and new technologies on improving their harvest, such as the advantages of

using inbreed and hybrid rice, pests control strategies which helped the farmers save sprayers,

and proper management of the farm.

c.4 Opinions of the farmers on Barangay Weeks effectiveness as a vehicle in knowing more

regional programs (farmer to market roads...strategies and techniques)

Asked about the Barangay Weeks capacity when it comes to programs awareness in the

region of the farmers, the interviewees answered that Barangay Week has become an effective

tool for the residences, especially the farmers, in knowing more about the city and at the same

time the regions programs for them. Barangay Week is all about delivering public services to the

people, and one form of public service under the program is information dissemination, making

the citizens aware of the projects that the City of Balanga has for them. Through the Barangay
Week, the farmers are able to acquire new ideas and techniques from the professionals of the

City of Agriculture, and through the seminars and various programs of the Barangay Week, the

farmers are able to adapt the things that they learned and improve their farming system. It is also

through Barangay Week that they are able to learn other regions different system in farming and

farming tools and equipment in catering their farm, which they would later ask from the city

department if given the chance.

Incorporate survey data to the interview to the farmers.

Edit grammar data presentation and analysis of interview

Data analysis sa average income/ha