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ConstitutionallawI

Structureofthecoursedesign
Module1:Introduction:

ConceptsofConstitution,
ConstitutionalLawandConstitutionalism,
Formsandcharacterofvariousmodelsofconstitution
Module2:HistoryofConstitutionofIndia:

FormationofConstituentAssembly,
DraftingoftheConstitutionofIndiaand
AdoptionoftheConstitutionofIndiafrom1946through1950.
Module3:Preamble:

BasicstructureoftheConstitutionofIndiaisthatinPreamble
interpretation of Sovereign democratic republic can preamble be amended 42 nd

amendment,woulditfallinbasicstructuresecular,variousmeaningandtheconstitutional
interpretation in India socialist, various forms and Indian interpretation Functional
conceptslikeJustice,social,economicandpoliticalissuesarising,Liberty,Equalityof
statusandopportunityandFraternitybalancingdignityoftheindividualwiththesecurityof
thecountry
[ KeshavanandaBharativ.StateofKerala,AIR1973SC1461; ExcelWearv.Unionof
IndiaAIR1979SC25;BhimSinghjiv.UnionofIndia,AIR1981SC234;StateofKeralav.
N.M.ThomasAIR1976SC490WamanRaov.UnionofIndiaAIR1981SC271;Minerva
MillsLtd.V.UnionofIndiaAIR1980SC1789,DharwadEmployeesv.StateofKarnataka,
AIR1990SC883
Module4:FundamentalRights:Conceptoffundamentalrightsagainstthestate,conceptof
State,FundamentalRightvisvisHumanRights,interpretationofLawsinconsistent
[LenaKhanv.UnionofIndia,AIR1987SC1515,BankofIndiav.O.P.Swarankar,AIR
2003SC858;GolakNathv.StateofPunjab,AIR1967SC1643,Ramanav.International
AirportAuthorityAIR1979SC1628,SomPrakashv.UnionofIndia,AIR1981SC212]
Module5:RighttoEquality(Article14):Generalprinciplesofthenegativenatureofthe
rightequalitybeforethelawequalprotectionoflawarbitraryactionanddiscretion
Executiveaction[StateofWestBengalv.AnwarAliAIR1951SC75,MeenakshiMillsv.
ViswanathAIR1955SC13,ShriSitaRamSugarCoLtdv.UnionofIndia,AIR1990SC1277
NagaPeoplesMovementsofHumanRightsv.UnionofIndiaAIR1998SC431,BALCO
EmployeesUnionv.UnionofIndiaAIR2002SC350JohnVallamattomv.UnionofIndia
AIR2003SC2003,StStephensCollegev.UniversityofDelhiAIR1992SC1630,Indian
ExpressNewspapersv.UnionofIndia,AIR1986SC515]

Module6:Reservation(Article15&16):Generalprincipleofreservationvisvis
affirmative action in US Pull and push process of reservation reservation visvis
principleofequalityandstatespecialresponsibilitycreateofsubstantialbasisofnegative
application of principle of equality general principle of nondiscrimination special
provisionforwomenandchildrenstatespecialresponsibilityforadvancementofsocially
andeducationallybackwardcommunityorscheduledcasteandscheduledtribes
[StateofUttarPradeshv.Balaram,AIR1972SC1375,AjayKumarv.StateofBihar(1994)
4SCC401,stateofSikkimv.SurendraPrasadSharmaAIR1994SC2342,MohanBir
Singh
Chawlav.PunjabUniversityAIR1997SC788,Prabhakarv.StateofAndhraPradeshAIR
1986SC210,ShivCharanv.StateofMysoreAIR1965SC280,Balajiv.StateofMysore
AIR1963SC649,}
Module7:Protectionofcivilrights:freedomofspeechandexpressionassemblywithout
arms, to form association and unions, freedom of movement, reside at any part of the
countryandfreedomofpracticeanyprofessionortocarryanyoccupation,tradeorbusiness
reasonablerestrictionreasonablenessinrestrictiononbandh,aidpatients,slaughterof
bulls,businesswithgovernmentcriteriaofvalidityofrestriction
[CommunistPartyofIndia(M)v.BharatkumarAIR1998SC184,SagirAhmedv.Stateof
UtterPradeshAIR1954Sc728,RamJawaysv.StateofPunjabSIR1955SC549T.M.A.
PaiFoundationv.StateofKarnatakaAIR2003SC355,StateofMP,v.NandLalAIR1987
SC251ExpressNewspapersv.UnionofIndiaAIR1986SC872DineshTrivediv.Unionof
India(1997)4SCC306,Kharev.StateofDelhiAIR1950SC211,StateofMaharastraav.
RajendraJ.GandhiAIR1997SC3986}
Module8:Protectiontooffenders:(a)nottobepunishedexceptforviolationofalawin
force,noretrospectiveapplication,(b)penaltynotgreaterthanasprescribedbylawonthe
dateofcausation(c)nodoublejeopardy(d)nottobeselfincriminated,(e)protection
againstarrestanddetention(Article22)

[StateofRajasthanv.HatSinghAIR2003SC791Mr.Xv.HospitalZAIR1999SC495
R.K.Dalmiav.DelhiAdministrationAIR1962SC1821,Gopalanv.StateofMadras,AIR
1950SC27,]
Module9:ProtectionofLifeandliberty:Procedureestablishedbylawanddueprocess
distinguished,Fairprocedure,handcuffing,righttohousing,righttoproperty,legalaid,
naturaljustice,dutytobringtotrial,righttohealth,righttofood,righttoenvironment,
preventivedetention,rightagainsttorture,righttodieFreeeducationupto14yearsofage
[FrancisCoralieMullinv.AdministrationofDelhiAIR1981SC746,M.C.Mehtav.Union
ofIndiaAIR1987SC1086,BandhuaMuktiMorchav.UnionofIndiaAIR1984SC802,
Indian Council for Envirolegal Action v. Union of India AIR 1996 SC 1446, Vellore
CitizensWelfare
Forumv.UnionofIndiaAIR1996SC2715StateofPunjabv.MahinderSinghChawlaAIR
1997SC1225,PaschimBangalKhetMazdoorSocietyv.StateofWestBengal,AIR1996
SC
2426AirIndiaStatutoryCorporationv.UnitedLabourUnionAIR1997SC645,Maneka
Gandhiv.UnionOfIndiaAIR1978SC597,OlgaTellisv.BombayMunicipalCorporation,
AIR1986SC186,PeoplesUnionofCivilLibertyv.UnionofIndiaAIR1997SC568,Sher
Singhv.StateofPunjabAIR1983SC465,Hussainarav.HomeSecretary,StateofBihar
AIR1979SC1819],[J.P.Unnikrishnanv.StateofAndhraPradeshAIR1993SC2178
Module10:Rightagainstexploitation:prohibitionagainstchildlabour,bondedlabour,
trafficofhumanbeing,beggar,[ M.C.Mehtav.StateofTamilNadu,AIR1997SC699,
GauravJainv.UnionofIndiaAIR1990SC1412,]
Module11:RighttoFreedomofReligion,andminorityinterest:SecularisminIndian
constitutionrestrictionthatcanbeimposedfreedomtomanagereligiousaffairsprofess,
practiceandpropagatecontroversyonconversionprotectionofminoritycultureand
educationalrightminoritiesrighttoestablishandadministereducationalInstitution
regulatory requirements need for standard setting and enforcement [ Acharya
Jagadiswaranandav.CommissionerofPolice,CalcuttaAIR1984SC51,
Divyadarshanv.StateofAndhraPradeshAIR1970SC181,Dalbirv.StateofPunjabAIR
1962SC1106,FrankAntonyAssociationv.UnionofIndiaAIR1987SC311,AryaSamaj
EducationTrustvDirectorofEducationAIR1976Del207,BiharStateMadrasaBoardv.
MadarsaHanafiaAIR1990SC695,StStephensCollegev.UniversityofDelhiAIR1992
SC1630

Module 12: Right of Constitutional remedies: Nature and need for distinctive
constitutional remedies distinguished from legal remedies types of remedies habeas
corpus,mandamus,prohibition,quowarranto,andcertiorarinatureandprocedureofthese
writsrighttomovetotheSupremeCourtisafundamentalrightinitselfbasicfeatures
lachesorunreasonabledelayininstitutingwritpetitionlimitsofwritjurisdictionnatural
justicepublicinterestlitigation[HajiEsmailv.CompetentOfficer,AIR1967SC1244,
FCI Workers v. Food Corporation ofIndia AIR 1990 SC 2178, Ratlam Municipality v.
Vardichan,AIR1980SC1622,M.C.Mehtav.UnionofIndiaAIR1987SC1086,andAIR
1999SC2583,Pramodv.MedicalCouncil,(1991)2SCC179,]
Module13:DirectivePrinciplesofstatepolicy:Nonbindingcharacterofthepolicies
socialandwelfareperspectivespositiveaspectsofDPSPCohesionoffundamentalrights
anddirectiveprinciples[AhmedabadWomenActionGroupv.UnionofIndiaAIR1997
SC3614,[CivilRightCommitteev.UnionofIndiaAIR1983Kant85,InRe.BerubariAIR
1960SC845Vishakhav.StateofRajasthan,AIR1997SC3011]

Module14:Fundamentaldutiesofthecitizens
ReferenceBooks
P.M.Bakshi,ConstitutionofIndia,Universal
M.P.JainIndianConstitutionalLaw,Wadhwa
GranvilleAustinTheConstitutionofIndia,Oxford
BasuConstitutionalLawofIndia,PrenticeHallofIndia

KashyapPerspectivesoftheConstitutionShypra
J.N.Pandey,ConstitutionofIndiaCentralLawAgency,
SeerviConstitutionalLawofIndiaN.M.Tripathy
Project Topics

1. Preamble

2. Concepts of State and Law

3. Doctrine of Judicial Review

4. Equality before the Law and Equal protection of the Laws.

5. Reservations in Public Education

6. Reservations in Public Employment

7. Freedom of Speech and Expression

8. Freedom of Assembly and Association.

9. Freedom of Movement and Residence

10. Freedom of Profession, Occupation Trade And Business

11. Protection Against Arrest and Detention

12. Right to Life and Personal Liberty

13. Right Against Exploitation

14. Freedom of Religion

15. Minority Rights

16. Right to Constitutional Remedies

17. Relation between Directive Principles and Fundamental Rights


18. Fundamental Duties

19. Public Interest Litigation

20. Writs