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ACADEMIC WRITING FOR TASK 2

1. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Around the world, children learn English as a second language at school.
However, in some places, they also learn at kindergarten (pre-school care, when
children are aged two to five).
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of learning English at kindergarten.
Provide reasons for your answer. Include relevant examples from your own knowledge
or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
As English has become the dominant language worldwide, vast numbers of people are
learning it. The age of English-language acquisition is also lowering at the same time.
Personally, I believe it is essential for a person from a non-English speaking community
to learn English, but I think it is not necessary to do so until a child is around seven or
eight.
Supporters of teaching English at kindergarten that is, when a child is aged between
two to five believe that early exposure will produce more competent speakers. Parents
who are keen to give their child a head start in an ever more competitive world are
persuaded by this idea. They think that if English is combined with play, it will be easily
absorbed, and not seem like study at all. However, there are strong arguments against
teaching English at kindergarten.
Firstly, linguists claim that a child needs to be literate in his or her own language before
another is begun unless that child is already living in a completely bilingual environment
that is: his or her parents are native speakers of both languages, and both languages
are used around the child.
Secondly, kindergarten teachers are less likely to be native English speakers themselves,
or to be competent language teachers, which means that what children learn at
kindergarten could be no more than a smattering of words Hello Goodbyes, numbers,
colours, and the names of animals. All of these could be learnt very quickly in a school
classroom at the age of seven in addition to proper grammar and good pronunciation.
Then there is the issue that kindergartens provide English more as a marketing tool than
an educational one, cashing in on concerned parents. It could also be a status symbol
that a child is learning English at the age of three among the friends of his or her parents,
meaning that the childs learning experience is subordinated to the parents prestige.
In my view, kindergarten is a time to acquire social skills, motor skills, and a deeper
understanding of a childs own language. English can come later when a child is more
capable of focused learning, and when the teaching is likely to be better. In an age where
the endless pursuit of qualifications and accomplishments seems the norm, why not let a
child be a child at kindergarten?
(390 words).

2. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
A number of different medical traditions are now widely known and used:
Western medicine (using drugs and surgery), herbal medicine, acupuncture

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(using needles at certain points of the body), homoeopathy (using minute doses
of poisons), and so on. How important is the patients mental attitude towards
his/her treatment in determining the effectiveness of the treatment?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
A wide range of medical treatments is available today. Patients may wonder which will be
the most effective, and whether their own mental attitude to the type of treatment might
affect its success. This essay will consider the second of these questions.
Many people visit their doctor or go to hospital with complete trust in the expert care
offered by conventional services. However, some people do not get a satisfactory result.
For example, the drugs they are prescribed may have unpleasant side-effects. Their initial
positive attitude towards their treatment does them little good.
Similarly, those patients who choose alternative treatments over traditional medicine may
find themselves disillusioned. Less rigorous qualification standards among alternative
practitioners may mean that some healers give ineffective or damaging advice. The result,
again, is that a patient who entered treatment with confidence leaves that treatment
disillusioned.
On the other hand, patients may try a style of treatment with some scepticism. A person
used to conventional medicines and drugs may be suspicious of treatments based on diet
and lifestyle changes. Yet if they follow such programs, they may in fact notice
improvements in their condition, in spite of their scepticism. Equally, a patient opposed to
conventional medicine may have an accident and be saved by the effective treatment of
conventional emergency services.
In conclusion, it appears that the mental attitude of the patient is not the most significant
factor in determining the outcome of the treatment. Patients who enter treatment
confidently may leave disillusioned while those who begin treatment sceptical of the
results may find themselves surprised with what they have gained. Patients should seek
the advantages which each style of care can offer.
(277 words)

3. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Too much emphasis is placed on testing these days. The need to prepare for tests
and examinations is a restriction on teachers and also exerts unnecessary
pressure on young learners. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is
obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-
consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications
less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse if the system was made more
lenient, and both of these opinions need to be considered.
In support of simplifying the visa-application procedure, it must be remembered that
obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this
process is difficult then it reflects poorly on the country the student is intending to go to.

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Moreover, once in the country, students often find it less problematic to use the services
of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes
phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host
country.
Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or
even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens its door to
students, there will be some who exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling
the study requirements of their visa.
To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and
universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students
that do arrive in a country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the
students while being overseen by the Immigration Service itself.
(267 words)

4. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Visa regulation should be relaxed for overseas students. Do you agree or disagree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is
obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-
consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications
less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse if the system was made more
lenient, and both of these opinions need to be considered.
In support of simplifying the visa-application procedure, it must be remembered that
obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this
process is difficult then it reflects poorly on the country the student is intending to go to.
Moreover, once in the country, students often find it less problematic to use the services
of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes
phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host
country.
Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or
even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens its door to
students, there will be some who exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling
the study requirements of their visa.
To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and
universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students
that do arrive in a country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the
students while being overseen by the Immigration Service itself.
(262 words)

5. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Modern appliances in the home have become more common, leaving no doubt that
advances in technology have improved our lifestyle. Do you agree or disagree?
Write at least 250 words.

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Model answer:
The impact of innovations and inventions in our daily lives has increased dramatically.
Most homes these days have, at the very least, a washing machine and a microwave, yet
this has had both positive and negative effects. Although there are definitely some
improvements (it would now be difficult to live without them), the negatives are equally
definable.
Primarily, the fact that these appliances have to be paid for, serviced, repaired and
replaced means that we need to work to maintain this cycle. For example, in some
countries the average washing machine is two or three weeks wages for most people.
Considering the products life span, it can be estimated that we are working at least two
or three days a year simply to cover the cost of the appliance, a calculation which is
multiplied by all the appliances we acquire.
In addition, an increasing number of appliances are for purposes that were not previously
considered necessities, but through marketing techniques, manipulative advertising and
human nature we are now keen to acquire them. Electric juice makers are a perfect
example.
Of course, there are appliances which in their basic format have improved our lifestyle
simply because of the labour they save. The washing machine, which saves hours every
week on handwashing, is an example of this. It is only when such appliances develop
functions beyond their basic use, that they become more expensive but more desirable
because of the addition of these extra functions that most of us never use.
It can therefore be concluded that only by carefully considering the use and relevance of
the appliances we buy, can we say that they have improved our lifestyle.
(277 words).

6. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Attitude is as important as knowledge in a test situation. To what extent do you
agree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Students react in different ways to different pressures, but for many people examinations
and tests are a time of nervousness and panic. It is here that it could be argued that these
kinds of assessments are not a true test of a subject but of the candidates character, a
point of view I will now consider.
Candidates taking a test with no understanding of the subject are unlikely to do very well.
Without understanding what they are being asked to respond to, they are forced to rely
only on common sense, presenting an answer that may be correct. In comparison with
studious and prepared candidates, it is obvious that the latter would perform better.
However, a counterargument can be made by considering nervous candidates who have
little confidence. Such people could find themselves sitting in the test but unable to
organise any of their thoughts, finding that the time allotted for the test has gone before
having time to write more than a few lines. Now compare the candidates who have written
fluently and at length with candidates who have managed only a few lines, and it becomes
considerably more difficult to assess whether attitude is as important as knowledge.

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Candidates with a confident attitude and others with knowledge of the subject being
tested consequently have the possibility of attaining a similar grade. Overall, therefore,
what is needed in a test situation is a balance between the two, in which the information
gleaned from studying is balanced with a positive and organised approach to the test
itself.
(257 words)

7. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Some people choose to eat no meat or fish. They believe that this is not only better
for their own health but also benefits the world as a whole. Discuss this view and
give your own opinion.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
The number of vegetarians in a community may depend on various factors, for example
the traditions of the country, the wealth of the country, the religion or the age group.
Therefore, the reasons why people choose to exclude meat and fish from their diet may
also vary. This essay will discuss these peoples thought and give my own opinion on
that.
Some people become vegetarians because they believe that this will benefit their health.
Undoubtedly, eating too much red meat, is not to be recommended. Moreover, the fact
that there are healthy populations in some parts of the world where no one eats meat
proves that it is not, as some people claim, an essential part of the human diet. However,
it is important to ensure that enough protein, for example, is included in the diet from other
sources. Where vegetarianism is not a tradition, this may require some careful planning.
In my experience, it is quite common for people to become vegetarians because they feel
that it is selfish to eat meat or because meat production increases global warming. They
may also feel that if no one ate meat, there would be no food shortages, because meat
production uses up food resources. This idealistic point of view is very attractive, but it is
hard to judge whether it is in fact correct.
In some families, if a teenager decides to become a vegetarian, they may do so partly out
of a spirit of rebellion, because this behaviour can be interpreted as a criticism of their
parents way of life. However, provided that they continue to eat healthily, the parents
should not raise objections, in my opinion. Vegetarianism is a valid choice in life.
Moreover, research shows that vegetarians tend to be healthier in many ways than meat-
eaters.
Personally, I think that being a vegetarian is a good idea in principle as there are proven
health benefits and probably social benefits as well. However, it does not suit everybody,
and I doubt whether it will ever be a universal choice

8. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
In many countries people are concerned about the number of children who are
overweight.
What do you think are the causes of this?
What solutions can you suggest?

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Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
In some countries, including the USA and Britain, an increasing number of children are
overweight. This is due to a combination of poor diet and lack of exercise.
Children tend to be attracted to food that is high in sugar and fat, such as various forms
of fast food. They also tend to be ignorant of what constitutes a healthy diet. Although
parents may try to guide their childrens choices, other commitments mean they cannot
always be present. As a result, childrens choices are often influenced by other factors,
such as advertising by fast food companies.
On top of that, children are much less active than they used to be. While in the past young
people took part in activities that burned a considerable amount of energy, children today
spend their time indoors, sitting at computers or playing video games. They have no
opportunity to burn off the calories they are taking in, leading to a problem with obesity.
There are a number of steps that need to be taken to solve this problem. The first is to
educate children about nutrition. Schools should organise compulsory lessons to explain
the main elements of a healthy diet and teach pupils how to prepare simple but healthy
meals. The government should also place restrictions on the type of advertising allowed
during childrens TV programmes.
Children also need to be encourage to participate in sports. Again, schools have a large
role to play in this by offering a wide range of activities. Investment in local sports clubs
by the government would also help to alleviate the problem.
(264 words)

9. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Is freedom of speech necessary in a free society?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Model answer:
In the last decade, there has been considerable debate over the role of free speech in a
free society. Some object to absolute freedom of speech. Others advocate free speech,
arguing that the freedom of speech is the single most important political right of citizens
in a civilized society. Whilst I believe that there are strong arguments on both sides, I
would suggest that freedom of speech should be protected in all but extreme
circumstances.
The freedom of speech is important at all levels in a society. Yet it is most important for
government. A government which does not know what the people feel and think is in a
dangerous position. This is how the communist regimes of Eastern Europe were toppled
in the 1980s. The same is happening again in other regions of the world today. The
governments that muzzle free speech run a risk of pushing their people to behave
destructively or to rebel.
Furthermore, without free speech no political action is possible and no resistance to
injustice and oppression is possible. Without free speech elections would have no
meaning at all. Policies of contestants become known to the public and become
responsive to public opinion only by virtue of free speech. Between elections the freely

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expressed opinions of citizens help restrain oppressive rule. Without this freedom it is
futile to expect political freedom or consequently economic freedom.
In conclusion, I believe that the importance of free speech as a basic and valuable
characteristic of a free society cannot be underestimated. It may be challenging for
society to allow differences of opinion out into the open; however, the consequences of
restricting free speech are likely to be more damaging in the longer term.
(285 words)

10. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Many students decide to further their study abroad what are the benefits and
drawbacks of studying abroad. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this
statement?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Nowadays, along the rapid development of economy, some students think that study
abroad brings many benefits, while others are of the opinion that they should finish
university education in their motherland. It is quite natural that people from different
backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it.
Students, who advocate that study abroad has a lot of disadvantage, have their sound
reasons. First of all, living far away from home, students will suffer from loneliness and
homesickness. Overseas students often fell disoriented and depressed for lack of
adequate knowledge and understanding of the local customs and lifestyle. Secondly,
many students do not want to return to their country after graduation because most of
them want to seek a more comfortable life and brighter future overseas. This may result
in a serious brain-drain and our country will inevitably incur a huge loss of talents.
To this issue, some other students hold a different attitude, arguing that students should
go abroad to study. To begin with, it can broaden the students horizons. For instance,
they get a chance to experience a totally different culture. The knowledge of social
customs acquired in the other countries helps them to become more open-minded. Next,
there are academic advantages. Students can lean advanced science and technology.
They received a different education. The book resources are more up-to-date. The
professors are aware of all the latest development in their fields. Therefore, the standard
of teaching is much higher. Moreover, when they finish their study abroad, they will have
more choices for their future career. All the above merits contribute to their self-betterment
and self-realization.
It is quite understandable that people from different backgrounds put different
interpretations on the same issue. For my part, I stand on the latter opinion that while
overseas study has its drawbacks, the advantages are more obvious. It can broaden
ones vision. Students have easy access to the first-rate facilities and the latest
development in science and technology. In addition, when they finish their study, they
have more job opportunities. Therefore, as long as it is financially feasible, an overseas
education may do a person better than harm.
(354 words)

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11. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Beside a lot of advantages, some people believe that the Internet creates many
problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
In the current society, it is universally believed that the internet has been gaining its
popularity at an amazing rate. Some people assert that the internet bring us a lot of
benefits while many others argue that its drawbacks should not be ignored. It is quite
understandable that people from different backgrounds put different interpretations on the
same issue.
Those who favor that the internet has many advantages give their reasons as follows. In
the first place, it is obvious that the internet brings us great convenience and efficiency.
For example, we can send Emails to our friends in other countries in a few minutes while
sending a traditional letter takes us at least a week and costs much. In the second place,
it is a well-known fact that we can make friends with people from all parts of world.
Apparently, It overcomes the geographical barriers and makes the world smaller.
Furthermore, it is true that the internet accelerates the flow of information and spreads
education to all corners of the globe. In other words, we can have easy and quick access
to the latest information worldwide.
On the other hand, some other people hold a different attitude, argue that the internet has
many weaknesses. For one thing, it seems that it can easily lead to psychological
problems. For instance, an internet-addicted person tends to be isolated, self-centered
and unsociable. For another, it is obvious that there is a sharp rise in the number of cyber
crimes. More and more financial crimes such as money laundering are committed via the
internet. In addition, it also has negative impacts on young people because there are a
lot of obscene and violent contents on line.
There is probably a little bit of truth in both arguments. For my part, I completely agree
with the latter view that the internet has more disadvantages than advantages. It gives
rise to peoples mental problem. It results in various computer crimes. It is harmful to the
growth of the youth. Therefore, something should be done as soon as possible to protect
people from negative effects of the internet.
(352 words)

12. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
As mass communication and transport continue to grow, societies are becoming
more and more alike leading to a phenomenon known as globalization. Some
people fear that globalization will inevitably lead to the total loss of cultural identity.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
You should write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Globalisation has become integrated through the global network of trade, transportation,
communication and immigration. It is feared by many to eventually bring an end to cultural

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identity. However, I am convinced that not only will globalization help retain and improve
local cultures, but it also will strengthen cultural bonds between distant communities.
First of all, people can realise how they are different from others in distant lands, which
may lead to their interest in learning about other cultures. This means every culture will
have to preserve and present its unique features such as local cuisine or craftsmanship
in order to maintain foreign interest in itself and have something to offer in competition
with other communities. As a result, a sense of cultural identity can be reinforced even
rekindled and restored where it has already been lost.
Secondly, cultures in different parts of the world familiarise themselves with the
ceremonies, food and clothes of other people, it is highly likely that they will begin to
improve on their own, thus developing more efficient ways of life while retaining their
original characteristics.
Finally, although some people might think that the aforementioned trade of cultural
features can doom the unique identity of a culture, they need to consider that this will not
necessarily result in local people abolishing their culture and fully embracing another.
Instead, the communication and exchange involved in globalisation can improve
understanding and tolerance in the international community, which certainly can help with
the conservation of older cultures and their sense of identity.
In conclusion, I think if the positive aspects of globalisation are considered and stressed,
it is not likely to pose any threats to the cultural identity of local communities and will
instead contribute to it in a variety of ways.
(293 words)

13. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Problems with environmental pollution have become so serious that many
countries are trying to solve these problems.
Suggest possible solutions and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Environmental pollution has become a serious problem all over the world. However, we
do not usually try to improve our environment. We always use chemical detergents and
fertilizer. Also forests have been fatally damaged by deforestation. Some researchers say
that if we do not stop devastating the environment, the Earth will be catastrophic 100
years later. To prevent this drastic situation, this essay will suggest what we should do
and how the government should solve the problems.
We should use eco-friendly products such as natural detergents or manure rather than
using chemical products. Using chemical products has caused fatal water pollution. Water
is essential for our everyday life. Therefore, people in the world should have the
responsibility to maintain clean water. We should use environmentally friendly products
rather than chemical ones. It will help improve our environment.
To reduce air pollution we should use public transportation rather than using our own
vehicle. For instance, public transportation can save our money and energy. Moreover, it

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helps reduce the amount of exhaust fumes in the air. In addition to that, it may be able to
relieve traffic jams. If more people use public transportation, it means diminishing the
number of cars on the road. Thus, it will reduce the risk of car accidents as well. Then,
finally, we should plant many trees. Trees absorb carbon dioxide produced by human
activities and make fresh air.
The government must make more investments to improve our environment such as
building more purifier factories and developing alternative energy resources. Fossil fuels
lead to air pollution. Thus, the government should develop more sustainable energy
resources and lower the rate of public transportation charges so that more people can
use buses and trains.
In conclusion, improving the environment requires a great deal of efforts. We need to
concern about these environmental problems and make considerable efforts to prevent
any pollution on the planet. The government should develop alternative energy or new
sustainable energy and encourage people to use public transportation more often. The
harder we try, the healthier our planet will be.
(344 words)

14. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Travelling in group with a tour guide is the best way to travel.
Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Nowadays, people have their own preferences about how to travel. Some people prefer
to travel alone others prefer to travel in groups with tour guide. I agree that it is the greatest
way to travel as a group with a tour guide for several reasons.
First, a tour guide will let people know about the places they will visit and show the best
places. Tour guides are specially trained about the local history and significance of all the
places at the region. Most of the time, people travelling alone do not know the places to
visit and so waste a lot of time trying to find something valuable to see. In addition, tour
guides know things about a certain place that are not generally mentioned in books or
brochures. Thus, guided tours are the best way in terms of sightseeing in a short time.
Second, travelling in a group can ensure safety. Many parts of the world are quite
dangerous to travel alone. There are often people with evil intention waiting to do harm
to tourists. For example, when one of my friends once backpacked across Europe by
herself, she got in trouble because a homeless person took her passport and wallet. She
had to call the embassy and dealt with the situation. In the end she was not able to finish
her trip, which could have been a once in a lifetime opportunity for her to spend such
quality time with herself. When travelling with tour guides, they can protect their group
members from this kind of dangerous situation.
In conclusion, although some people might agree that travelling as a group with a tour
guide is not the best idea, I strongly agree with the idea that travelling in the group with
the guide is the best decision in terms of great information and safety.

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(306 words)

15. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Some people argue that it is more important to have an enjoyable job than to earn
a lot of money. Others disagree and think that a good salary leads to a better life.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Everybody knows that you need money to survive, but it is often said that money does
not bring happiness. Although the ideal situation may be to have an enjoyable job that
also provides a good salary, this is not always possible. It is important to remember that
some people might not have a choice of jobs because they did not have the chance of a
good education or because they have a large family to support. Nevertheless, I would
prefer to have a job that I can enjoy if I could.
On the one hand, life is easier for those who have plenty of money as they can do what
they want and do not have to think constantly about whether they can afford something
or not. In addition, earning a good salary makes it easier to be healthier because you can
eat good food and join a gym.
On the other hand, some people spend large sums of money without thinking about it.
However, they could manage with less money and have a better life by taking a job they
enjoy or by working fewer hours. I have observed that in families who go on expensive
holidays and always have a new car, it is often the father who works such long hours that
his children rarely see him. In my opinion, this is not an attractive lifestyle and it would be
better if he found a less well paid job that enabled him to spend him to spend more time
at home.
To sum up, I think it is more important to have a job you enjoy if you can afford it. In my
view, most people need less money than they think because they waste a lot on buying
things they do not need.
(297 words)

16. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Should parents be obliged to immunise their children against common childhood
diseases? Or do individuals have the right to choose not to immunise their
children?
What is your view of this practice?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:

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Some people argue that the state does not have the right to make parents immunise their
children. However, I feel the question is not whether they should immunise but whether,
as members of society, they have the right not to.
Preventative medicine has proved to be the most effective way of reducing the incidence
of fatal childhood diseases. As a result of the widespread practice of immunising young
children in our society, many lives have been saved and the diseases have been reduced
to almost zero.
In previous centuries children died from ordinary illnesses such as influenza and
tuberculosis and because few people had immunity, the diseases spread easily. Diseases
such as dysentery were the result of poor hygiene but these have long been eradicated
since the arrival of good sanitation and clean water. Nobody would suggest that we should
reverse this good practice now because dysentery has been wiped out
Serious diseases such as polio and smallpox have also been eradicated through national
immunisation programmes. In consequence, children not immunised are far less at risk
in this disease-free society than they would otherwise be. Parents choosing not to
immunise are relying on the fact that the diseases have already been eradicated. If the
number of parents choosing not to immunise increased, there would be a similar increase
in the risk of the diseases returning.
Immunisation is not an issue like seatbelts which affects only the individual. A decision
not to immunise will have widespread repercussions for the whole of society and for this
reason, I do not believe that individuals have the right to stand aside. In my opinion
immunisation should be obligatory.
(274 words)

17. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
As languages such as English, Spanish and Mandarin become more widely
spoken, there is a fear that many minority languages may die out. Some countries
have taken steps to protect minority languages.
What is your view of this practice?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from own knowledge or
experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
As the world becomes more integrated, the need for common means of communication
is becoming more pressing. Inevitably, speakers of minority languages have been under
pressure to speak the languages of more dominant groups, both locally and globally.
Some people argue that there is nothing that can or should be done to stop this process.
I would suggest that the issue merits more careful consideration.
It is true as the balance of power among group of people throughout history has shifted,
languages have arisen, changed, and died out. Even once widely-spoken languages,
such as Latin, have disappeared. To some extent, therefore, this process may be
inevitable. However, there are examples of communities that have managed to preserve
and even revive languages under threat. Irish and Scots Gaelic, for example, have been
preserved by government policy on education and broadcast media.

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There are, indeed, several benefits to preserving minority languages. Retaining the
language of a community often means that other forms of culture are maintained: songs,
literature and local traditions. These all contribute to the richness and variety of human
culture. Moreover, language helps communities to remain cohesive and to have a strong
sense of identity. This can help people to be strong in adversity. Where this sense of
identity and cohesion has been lost, for example among many indigenous communities
in North America, problems can follow: low self-esteem, lack of confidence and loss of
initiative.
In short, it is possible and in many cases, desirable, to make the effort to preserve minority
languages. This can have benefits both for the minority speech community and for society
as a whole in terms of cultural richness.
(274 words)

18. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Many people say that the only way to guarantee a good job is to complete a course
of university education. Others claim that it is better to start work after school and
gain experience in the world of work.
how far do you agree or disagree with the above views?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
It is probably true to say that most people believe that a university degree is the only way
to get a good job. I think this is true in certain areas, while in other areas, a degree is not
as useful.
To begin with, many people have ambitions to become a qualified professional, and there
is no doubt that becoming a doctor o lawyer, for example, is only possible with a degree.
Another advantage of graduating from university is that it gives you more choices when it
comes to choosing a job. Most employers will be more impressed by a candidate who
has a degree than they would be by one who only has high school qualification because
it shows a certain level of intelligence and education, as well as the commitment and self-
discipline that is needed in order to study a degree course for three or four years.
On the other hand, there might be some benefit to starting your career early, especially if
your chosen field is one which does not typically require a university education. This would
apply to somebody who wants to be a car mechanic, or a fashion designer, for instance,
who would not necessary gain anything from going to university. The hands-on
experience you gain in your job while others are studying for a degree can give you a
distinct advantage. I once read about a man who left school at sixteen and went on to
become a wealthy and successful investment broker. He claimed that he had learned all
he needed to know by working in his chosen field and he could not have done any better
by getting a degree.
So, to conclude, it is possible to get a good job without to university. Having said that,
some professions, such as the law, require you to have a degree and as stated above a
university degree could potentially open more doors when looking for a job.
(324 words)

13
19. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Recent figures show an increase in violent crime among youngsters under the age
of 18. Some psychologists claim that the basic reason for this is that children these
days are not getting the social and emotional learning they need from parents and
teachers.
To what extend do you agree or disagree with this option?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words
Model answer:
It does seem to be true that parents and teachers have lost the authority they used to
have, especially in the eyes of teenagers. They are no longer seen as models for
behaviour: hard work, politeness and other positive qualities are seen as old-fashioned.
Many young people have no respect for these qualities or the people who represent them.
In fact, I think some young people today are so rebellious that its possible that both
parents and teachers are afraid to exercise their authority. However, I do not agree that
this is the basic reason for the increase in teenage violence.
While I believe it is true that a lack of social and emotional learning contributes to the
problem, other factors are surely involved: economic factors, for example. If a child comes
from a poor family and they live in low-quality housing in an undesirable area, this is sure
to affect the child, however loving the parents are.
There is also the question of who your friends are. I believe that when you are in your
teens your friends have more influence on you than your parents or teachers. At that age,
you want to be part of a group, or even a gang, and this might lead to breaking the law in
a number of ways.
In conclusion, while I agree that lack of social and emotional learning from parents and
teachers is a factor in the growth of teenage violence, I do not believe it is the only, or
even the main, cause.
(255 words)

20. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Woman and men are commonly seen as having different strength and weaknesses.
Is it right to exclude males or females from certain professions because of their
gender?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
There have always been differences in the types of work men and women have done.
However, the trend in modern times has been for both men and women to have greater
freedom of choice in terms of employment. Some people might say that there is no need

14
to go further. However, in my view, wherever possible, gender equality should be
encouraged.
There may indeed be good arguments for allowing certain posts to remain predominantly
male or female. Where all-male or all-female groups exist, there may be a need for related
posts to be held by men and women respectively. Patients in all-female hospital wards,
for example, would probably appreciate having female nurses to look after them. It could
also be argued that certain jobs requiring a great deal of physical strength, coal mining or
logging, for example, should continue to be done mainly by men.
However, in the vast majority of situations, making occupations more open to both
genders has distinct advantages. Men and women can bring slightly different
perspectives and approaches to a job. Female police officers, for example, may have a
greater understanding of domestic violence and a better range of strategies for dealing
with this problem. Male primary school teachers probably have a better understanding of
the needs of young boys and can serve as good role models for them.
The changes that result from allowing men into female-dominated occupations and vice
versa may be subtle, but they are far-reaching. However, to benefit the most from this
development, it is important not to expect males and females to approach work in identical
ways.
(266 words)

21. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist
knowledge of the following topic.
In todays competitive world, many families find it necessary for both parents go
out to work. While some say the children in these families benefit from the
additional income, others feel they lack support because of their parents absence.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
In the past, a typical family consisted of a father who went out to work and a mother who
stayed at home and looked after the children. Nowadays, it is the norm for both parents
to work. This situation can affect children both positively and negatively.
Some people think that the children of working parents are in an advantages position
were their parents are able to afford more luxuries such as new clothes, video games or
mobile phones. Proponents of this view argue that children are able to enjoy and
experience more from life due their parents extra wealth, for example, by going foreign
holidays.
On the other hand, however, there are those who claim that when both parents work, their
children do not get enough support and attention; meaning that these children might not
do as well at school because there is no one at home to provide support with such things
as homework or exam revision. The absence of parents at home could make it easier for
children to get involved in such things as drugs or underage drinking.

15
When I was growing up, both my parents worked and I was always well provided for. On
the other hand, I think that it would sometimes have been better if I could have seen more
of my parents.
In conclusion, I believe that we cannot change the fact that both parents have to work
nowadays, It is not an ideal situation, but if parents make time for their children in the
evenings and at the weekends, then the children will not suffer in any way. It must be
stated that the extra income generated by both parents working, makes for a much higher
standard of living which benefits the whole family.
(292 words)

22. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
The birth rate in most developed countries is predicted to begin to fall over the next
50 years. By 2030 it is estimated that over one third of the population in most
developed countries will be aged 65 and over:
What effects will these predictions have on developed countries if they prove true?
What can be done now to deal with this situation?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
model answer:
Nowadays, most people worry about over-population and living crowded cities. However,
it is predicted that we will have the opposite problem by the year 2030 when one third of
the population will be aged 65 or over and birth rates are predicted to decline. What effect
will this have on our society?
By 2030 the percentage of the population aged 65 or older will have risen significantly, to
more than 30%. This means that fewer people will be working, and therefore fewer people
will be paying income tax. In the future it may be necessary for governments to increase
the official retirement age to 70 or even older. When todays 30-year-olds are in their
sixties it is unlikely that they will enjoy the relaxed lifestyle that todays older generation
can expect when they give up work. Government will therefore need to make sure that
this older generation is healthy and fit enough to continue working.
However I believe the biggest impact will be on the younger generation. In 2030 the
younger generation will need to work much harder to support the large number of older
people. If this trend continues then it is possible that our entire culture will change. For
example, most marketing companies today try to target the younger generation with their
products and advertisements. If the majority of the population is older then this will change
and companies will begin to target the older generation instead.
So, what can be done now to prevent these problems? Firstly, I believe that governments
of developed countries should find ways to encourage people to have larger families and
increase the birth rate. Secondly, I believe that they should encourage migration from
developing countries so that the problems of Over-crowding can be solved.
(292 words)

23. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:

16
Children today play very violent games. This must be the reason for the increase
in violence and crime in most major cities of the world.
What are your opinions on this?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
Nowadays most children regularly play games on a computer or their television. These
games have become more violent over the past few years. In fact, many parents worry
about this and the effect these games are having on their children. Some are concerned
that playing violent games might encourage them to come aggressive in real life. What
we need to establish is whether or not this is actually true.
First, it may help to look back at the games that children used to play many years ago
before the invention of computers. In those days children would probably have played
popular board games such as Monopoly or Chess, or they may have played card games
or some type of outdoor sport. These sports or games would probably only have
encouraged children to become more competitive rather than violent.
However, throughout history children have always played fighting games with toy or
pretend weapons. Even now many parents will buy a toy gun or sword for their child. Why
do we never read reports in the media about the impact plastic weapons could have on
children? Perhaps this is because the link between play fighting and actual fighting is not
very strong.
In conclusion, the way children play games has changed with the times but the ideas
behind those games have actually changed very little. Just as playing at soldiers did not
increase violence in the past, I believe that playing computer games will not lead to an
increase in violence in the future. I think that if we looked more closely at life in our major
cities then we would find there are many other possible causes for the increase in crime
and violence.
(284 words)

24. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Despite health warnings, a large number of people continue to smoke all over the
world.
Why should we be concerned about this?
What solutions would you suggest?
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer
Smoking is an expensive habit which pollutes the environment and carries serious health
risk, yet a third of the men in the world smoke. It is also a sad fact that one in five
teenagers take up the habit when they are as young as 11. Of course, there is one interest
group, the tobacco industry, which is more than happy with this situation, since its profits
depend on our addiction to cigarettes.

17
These statistics are particularly depressing because the link between smoking and
cancer, heart disease and other serious illnesses has been known for many years. We
must also remember that apart from harming the individual, smoking represents a huge
cost to society. The money we spend on treating smoking-related disease could be used
for much better purposes, such as helping to feed the worlds poor or paying for medical
research.
So why, despite all the evidence, do people still smoke? The obvious answer is that
cigarettes are highly addictive, so that it can be extremely difficult to give up. Another
answer is the power of peer pressure, especially amongst young people. In my view, the
most important thing is to discourage people from starting to smoke, and we could do this
be increasing the tax on tobacco and banning cigarette advertising. I also feel that people
who want to quit should be given as much advice and support as possible.
In conclusion, I believe that we should do everything we can to reduce the number of
smokers in society. However, it is not enough to provide information about health risks,
we also need to use a variety of strategies to tackle the problem.
(275 words)

25. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Successful sports professionals can earn a great deal more money than people in
other important professions. Some people think is fully justified while others
think it is unfair.
Discus both these views and give your own opinion.
Give reason for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own
knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
As a result of constant media attention, sports professionals in my country have become
stars and celebrities, and those at the top are paid huge salaries. Just like movie stars,
they live extravagant lifestyles with huge houses and cars.
Many people find their rewards unfair, especially when comparing these super salaries
with those of top surgeons or research scientists, or even leading politicians who have
the responsibility of governing the country. However, sports salaries are not determined
by considering the contribution to society a person makes, or the level of responsibility he
or she holds. Instead, they reflect the public popularity of sport in general and level of
public support that successful stars can generate. So the notion of fairness is not issue.
Those who feel that sports stars salaries are justified might argue that the number of
professionals with real talent are very few, and the money is recognition of the skills and
dedication a person need to be successful. Competition is constant and player is tested
every time they perform in their relatively short career. The pressure from the media is
intense and there is little privacy out of the spotlight. So all of these factors may justify the
huge earnings.
Personally, I think that the amount of money such sports stars make is more justified than
the huge earnings of movie stars, but at the same time, it indicates that our society places
more value on sport than more essential professions and achievements.
(246 words)

18
26. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge
of the following topic.
Whoever controls the media also controls opinions and attitudes of the people
and there is little can be done to rectify this.
To what extend do you agree or disagree?
You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your
arguments with examples and relevant evidence.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
In some countries the media is controlled exclusively by large companies; in other it is the
government that has this control. Often, in war situation, one of the first casualties is the
media, which is seized by one group or another. This gives some support to the idea that
the media is a source of power and control.
Whoever controls the media also has ultimate control over what is published or
broadcasted and what is omitted. They can also add a certain prejudice or bias to their
coverage of certain news stories depending on their own feelings about the matter. This
is not a new problem, although the issue is perhaps more pressing now that the Internet
and play-TV have enabled these messages to be disseminated even further.
However, we should remember that readers have their own ideas and opinions. You can
control what is printed but you cannot control the opinions of your readers. I think the only
positive here is that, nowadays, people seem to be much more cynical about what they
read in the press or hear on the television. In particular, when it comes to the tabloid
press, people know that they have to take what they read with a grain of salt. In other
words, they read knowing they may be being lied to. Perhaps it is even greater concern
that we have become so accepting of this form of censorship.
The only thing that can be done to alter this situation is for the government to regulate the
industry so that there is no longer a monopoly on media ownership. This also means that
they have to allow and support a totally free press, even if this means the government
may be criticised or ridiculed within its pages.
(295 words)

27. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Around the world, children learn English as a second language at school.
However, in some places, they also learn at kindergarten (pre-school care, when
children are aged two to five).
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of learning English at kindergarten.
Provide reasons for your answer. Include relevant examples from your own knowledge
or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
As English has become the dominant language worldwide, vast numbers of people are
learning it. The age of English-language acquisition is also lowering at the same time.
Personally, I believe it is essential for a person from a non-English speaking community

19
to learn English, but I think it is not necessary to do so until a child is around seven or
eight.
Supporters of teaching English at kindergarten that is, when a child is aged between
two to five believe that early exposure will produce more competent speakers. Parents
who are keen to give their child a head start in an ever more competitive world are
persuaded by this idea. They think that if English is combined with play, it will be easily
absorbed, and not seem like study at all. However, there are strong arguments against
teaching English at kindergarten.
Firstly, linguists claim that a child needs to be literate in his or her own language before
another is begun unless that child is already living in a completely bilingual environment
that is: his or her parents are native speakers of both languages, and both languages
are used around the child.
Secondly, kindergarten teachers are less likely to be native English speakers themselves,
or to be competent language teachers, which means that what children learn at
kindergarten could be no more than a smattering of words Hello Goodbyes, numbers,
colours, and the names of animals. All of these could be learnt very quickly in a school
classroom at the age of seven in addition to proper grammar and good pronunciation.
Then there is the issue that kindergartens provide English more as a marketing tool than
an educational one, cashing in on concerned parents. It could also be a status symbol
that a child is learning English at the age of three among the friends of his or her parents,
meaning that the childs learning experience is subordinated to the parents prestige.
In my view, kindergarten is a time to acquire social skills, motor skills, and a deeper
understanding of a childs own language. English can come later when a child is more
capable of focused learning, and when the teaching is likely to be better. In an age where
the endless pursuit of qualifications and accomplishments seems the norm, why not let a
child be a child at kindergarten?
(390 words)

28. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
A number of different medical traditions are now widely known and used: Western
medicine (using drugs and surgery), herbal medicine, acupuncture (using needles
at certain points of the body), homoeopathy (using minute doses of poisons), and
so on. How important is the patients mental attitude towards his/her treatment in
determining the effectiveness of the treatment?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
A wide range of medical treatments is available today. Patients may wonder which will be
the most effective, and whether their own mental attitude to the type of treatment might
affect its success. This essay will consider the second of these questions.
Many people visit their doctor or go to hospital with complete trust in the expert care
offered by conventional services. However, some people do not get a satisfactory result.
For example, the drugs they are prescribed may have unpleasant side-effects. Their initial
positive attitude towards their treatment does them little good.
Similarly, those patients who choose alternative treatments over traditional medicine may
find themselves disillusioned. Less rigorous qualification standards among alternative

20
practitioners may mean that some healers give ineffective or damaging advice. The result,
again, is that a patient who entered treatment with confidence leaves that treatment
disillusioned.
On the other hand, patients may try a style of treatment with some scepticism. A person
used to conventional medicines and drugs may be suspicious of treatments based on diet
and lifestyle changes. Yet if they follow such programs, they may in fact notice
improvements in their condition, in spite of their scepticism. Equally, a patient opposed to
conventional medicine may have an accident and be saved by the effective treatment of
conventional emergency services.
In conclusion, it appears that the mental attitude of the patient is not the most significant
factor in determining the outcome of the treatment. Patients who enter treatment
confidently may leave disillusioned while those who begin treatments ceptical of the
results may find themselves surprised with what they have gained. Patients should seek
the advantages which each style of care can offer.
(277 words)

29. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Too much emphasis is placed on testing these days. The need to prepare for
tests and examinations is a restriction on teachers and also exerts unnecessary
pressure on young learners. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is
obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-
consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications
less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse if the system was made more
lenient, and both of these opinions need to be considered.
In support of simplifying the visa-application procedure, it must be remembered that
obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this
process is difficult then it reflects poorly on the country the student is intending to go to.
Moreover, once in the country, students often find it less problematic to use the services
of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes
phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host
country.
Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or
even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens its door to
students, there will be some who exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling
the study requirements of their visa.
To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and
universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students
that do arrive in a country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the
students while being overseen by the Immigration Service itself.
(267 words)

21
30. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Visa regulation should be relaxed for overseas students. Do you agree or
disagree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is
obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-
consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications
less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse if the system was made more
lenient, and both of these opinions need to be considered.
In support of simplifying the visa-application procedure, it must be remembered that
obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this
process is difficult then it reflects poorly on the country the student is intending to go to.
Moreover, once in the country, students often find it less problematic to use the services
of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes
phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host
country.
Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or
even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens its door to
students, there will be some who exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling
the study requirements of their visa.
To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and
universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students
that do arrive in a country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the
students while being overseen by the Immigration Service itself.
(262 words)

31. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.


Write about the following topic:
Modern appliances in the home have become more common, leaving no doubt
that advances in technology have improved our lifestyle. Do you agree or
disagree?
Write at least 250 words.
Model answer:
The impact of innovations and inventions in our daily lives has increased dramatically.
Most homes these days have, at the very least, a washing machine and a microwave, yet
this has had both positive and negative effects. Although there are definitely some
improvements (it would now be difficult to live without them), the negatives are equally
definable.
Primarily, the fact that these appliances have to be paid for, serviced, repaired and
replaced means that we need to work to maintain this cycle. For example, in some
countries the average washing machine is two or three weeks wages for most people.
Considering the products life span, it can be estimated that we are working at least two
or three days a year simply to cover the cost of the appliance, a calculation which is
multiplied by all the appliances we acquire.

22
In addition, an increasing number of appliances are for purposes that were not previously
considered necessities, but through marketing techniques, manipulative advertising and
human nature we are now keen to acquire them. Electric juice makers are a perfect
example.
Of course, there are appliances which in their basic format have improved our lifestyle
simply because of the labour they save. The washing machine, which saves hours every
week on hand washing, is an example of this. It is only when such appliances develop
functions beyond their basic use that they become more expensive but more desirable
because of the addition of these extra functions that most of us never use.
It can therefore be concluded that only by carefully considering the use and relevance of
the appliances we buy, can we say that they have improved our lifestyle.
(277 words)

ACADEMIC WRITING FOR TASK 1

1. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram below shows the number of landline telephones per 1000 people in different
countries over a five-year period.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:

The graph shows the number of telephones owned per thousand of the population in
different countries over a five-year period. Overall, the number of phone owners per
thousand of the population varied considerably. However, numbers tended to fall in

23
countries with the highest level of phone ownership, whereas numbers generally rose in
countries which had fewer phone owners in 2000.

By far the highest level of phone ownership was in Singapore, where just under 430
people per thousand were owners in 2004. This figure is slightly lower than the 2000
figure of around 460 per thousand. In Brunei Darussalam the second highest levels of
phone ownership were recorded, and the numbers fluctuated around the 250 per
thousand level across the five years. Countries like Cambodia and Vietnam had much
lower levels of phone ownership and these increased up to 2004, rather than decreasing.
In the remaining countries, the number of landline phone owners remained below the 100
per thousand level between 2000 and 2004.

(164 words).

2. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart shows the number of overseas students enrolled in a third year
Computer Science course at a Canadian college.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:
According to the bar chart, students from four Asian countries (China, Singapore,
Malaysia and Sri Lanka) and one European country (France) are taking Computer
Science at the collage. Some students are enrolled in the Database core option; the
others are taking Networking.
Overall, the China has the largest number of enrolled students (17) and France has the
smallest (5). Singapore and Sri Lanka both have 12 students; Malaysia has 11. It is
noticeable that Singapore and Sri Lanka have similar profiles.
Students from all five countries are enrolled in Database, but more males are taking this
option than females (21 and 9 respectively). For each nationality, the males taking
Database outnumber the females, except in the case of French students with 3 females

24
to only 1 male. The China has the most students studying Database (9); Sri Lanka is next
with 7, while Singapore has 6. Malaysia and France have 4 Database students each.
As for Networking option, more females than males are enrolled from every country
except France. In fact, no female French students are taking Networking. Only 1 male
from each country is enrolled in Networking, except for 2 males from Sri Lanka.

3. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below shows the percentage participation of men in senior
development in three companies between 1980 and the year 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The bar chart shows the percentage of men in senior development position in three
companies from 1980 to 2010.

While more men were in senior positions at Apple than other two companies in 1980 at
15%, the trend was fairly erratic with a 2% drop to 13% in 1985, followed by a rise of 1%
five years later. In 1995, men held 7% more top development jobs than in 1990. After a
slight drop back to 19% in 2000, by 2010 25% of top posts were filled by men.

By contrast, at IBM men fared much better. In 1980, 2% of senior posts were occupied
by men with no change five years on. By 1990, the figure had increased to 13%, doubling
to 26 per cent in 1995. Five years afterwards, there was a 6% increase in male senior
development jobs with a near twofold jump in 2010 to stand at 63%, the highest for the
three companies.

25
The situation was less remarkable at Microsoft than the other two firms except for the
year 2010. In 1980, the percentage of senior posts held by men was 8% climbing at the
rate of 2% in each subsequent period until 2000, after which it leapt to 45%. From the
data, it is clear that men dominated senior posts at IBM by 2010.

4. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graph below presents the employment patterns in the USA between 1930
and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:
In 1930, 75% of the labour force in the USA was employed in farming, fishing and
foresting while only 10% worked in sales and office and trade. At the same time both the
Industrial sector and the technical sector constituted just 2% of the workforce each. This
situation changed only very gradually over the next 20 years, except for the technical
workforce, which increased more than threefold.
However by 1980 there had been a significant change in the pattern of employment. While
the farming, fishing and foresting employees had declined in number to 40% of the
workforce, Industrial employees as well as technical had increased their share to 13%
and 10% respectively.
Similarly the sales and office sectors did not increase until 1980. The most dramatic
change could be seen by 2000, when the proportion of farming, fishing and foresting
works reduced to just 10% while the three other major sectors had all increased to over
20% of the workforce.
(160 words)
5. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The diagram below shows the number of houses built per year in two cities,
Derby and Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.

26
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:
The bar chart describes the number of houses built in two neighboring cities, Derby and
Nottingham, Between 2000 and 2009.

Overall, the number of houses that were erected in Derby exceeded upwards the quantity
constructed in Nottingham. The trend for the former was decidedly upwards, with Derby
experiencing a steady rise from 40 new houses in the first year, to just under 120 during
the 2003. Over the next 4 years of decade, new houses construction in Derby remained
constant at just under 120. This is in sharp contrast to the last two years when the number
of houses that went up in Derby leapt, first to 280 and then to 350 houses.
Houses building in Nottingham, by comparison, was much more erratic. In the first two
years of the decade, more houses were erected in Nottingham than in Derby. In 2002,
however, construction declined to only 20. Over the next three years, houses numbers
rose steadily, only to drop practically to zero in 2006. There was then a dramatic surge in
2007 with over 200 houses being built. While in 2008 saw house building in Nottingham
plummeting to only 10, in 2009 the number of new houses rocketed to 270, a rise of more
than 2600 % on the previous year.

(212 words)

6. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting description of the
correlation of the table that follow.
Write at least 150 words.

27
Alcohol-Related Deaths 2005 beers
consumption
Total Male Female per capita, 2002
(litres)
Lithuania 125,000 112,000 13,000 91
Ireland 582,000 413,000 169,000 104
Czech Republic 1,369,000 900,000 469,000 132
Canada 580,000 505,000 75,000 86
Estonia 383,000 332,000 51,000 98
Germany 1,185,000 986,000 200,000 107
Austria 913,000 783,000 130,000 106

Model answer:
There is a clear correlation between the litres of beer consumed per capita and number
of alcohol related deaths. The table shows that the greatest beer consumption in 2002
was to be found in Czech Republic, Germany and Austria, and that each of these regions
also had by far the largest litres of alcohol related deaths in 2005. Czech Republic, with
the greatest beer consumption per litre, namely over hundred and thirty for 2002, also
experienced well over one million litres alcohol-related deaths by 2005. The region with
the second highest beer consumption was Germany, with nearly 107 litres, and it also
recorded the second highest number of alcohol-related deaths, namely 1.185 million.
In all regions except Canada it can be seen that the higher beer consumption, the higher
the alcohol-related mortality rate. It is interesting that in Canada, with the lowest level of
beer consumption, at 86 per capita, the mortality rate was the high as in Ireland, namely
0.58 million, although in the latter the consumption level was high. Clearly other health or
economic factors must be involved. It is also interesting to note that in each case the
number of female death was significantly lower than that of males, which seems to be a
reflection of the fact that in general far fewer women than men drink.

(220 words)

7. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The line graph shows Paris Metro station passengers. Summarise the information
by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
Write at least 150 words

28
Model answer:
The line-graph indicates the number of people using a metro station in Paris over a given
day of year.
The number of passengers rises sharply in the morning reaching a peak of 400 at 8 am.
After the morning peak there is a steady drop to 300 at 9 am and less than 200 at 10 am.
Between 10 am and 11 am there is a slight increase. The number plateaus just below
300 between 12 noon and 2 pm. In the afternoon, there is a decline in the number of
citizens using the station to just 80 at 4 pm. The evening brings a huge increase from 200
at 5 pm to almost 400 at 6 pm. The number of passengers tapers off slightly after 6 pm,
but falls quickly to 120 by 8 pm. After a small rise at 9 pm, the number tails off to 120 at
10 pm.
All in all, the time series show that the greatest number of passengers gather in the station
early in the morning and also early in the evening.
(178 words)

8. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart shows the number of visitors to three London Museums between
2007 and 2012.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

29
Model answer:

The bar chart illustrates information about how many people per year visited three London
museums over six-year period from 2007 to 2012.
Overall, what stands out from the graph is there was gradual upward trend in the number
of visitors of the National Gallery, which became the most popular museum from being at
last place, while the Victoria and Albert Museum followed the opposite trend. In detail, in
the first two years of the period, the number of visitors of Victoria and Albert Museum
remained stable at 13.5 million, and then fell to 9 million in 2010, while that of British
Museum, dropped significantly by 50%, from 12 million to 6 million and remained at this
level in 2009.
However, there was gradual upward trend in the number of visitors of both British Museum
and Victoria and Albert from 2010 to 2012, the former number doubled and the latter rose
by more than 50%, finishing at 14.5 and 40 million respectively. In addition, there was
significant increase of the number of visitors of National Gallery over the whole six-year
period, the figure finishing at almost 16 million.
(184 words)

9. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie chart gives information on UAE government spending in 2000. The total
budget was AED 315 billion.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

30
Model answer:

The graph tells us about the budget of the UAE government in 2000. In general, the most
important targets were social security, health, and education.

The biggest slice of the pie chart is taken up by social security including pensions,
employment assistance and other benefits which made up slightly under one-third of total
expenditure. Health and personal social services was the second highest budget cost.
Hospital and medical services accounted for AED 53 billion, or about 15% of the budget.
Education cost UAE AED 38 billion which comprises almost 12% of the whole budget.
The government spent about seven percent of revenue on debt, and roughly similar
amounts went towards defence (AED 22 billion) and law and order (AED 17 billion).
Spending on housing, transport and industry totalled AED 37 billion. Finally, other
expenditure accounted for AED 23 billion.
All in all, the bulk of UAE government spending goes on social welfare and health.
However, education, defence, and law and order are also major areas of spending.
(167 words)

10. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table below highlights data on the number of travelers using three major
German airports between 2007 and 2012.

31
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Airport visitors, 2007-2012 (millions of travelers per year)
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Dusseldorf 27.2 36.4 48.2 37.1 33.2 45.6


Frankfurt 36.5 41.9 44.4 47.3 51.1 69.3
Berlin Tegel 17.3 26.6 39.9 43.3 43.3 43.3

Model answer:
The table shows information about how many people visited Germany through three
major airports, over a five-year period, there was a fluctuant trend in the number of
travelers who travelled via Dusseldorf, while the other two airports saw an upward trend.
Another interesting point is that Frankfurt airport was the most popular at the end.

Looking at the detail, the number of passengers at Dusseldorf started at 27.2m in 2007,
and then increased remarkably to reach the highest point of 48.2m in 2009. In 2011, the
figure dipped to 33.2m. At the last year, there was a slight growth to 45.6m. On the other
hand, Frankfort began at 36.5m in 98, after that it rose remarkably for the next three years,
at 47.3m. In 2012, Frankfort hit the peak point at 69.3m passengers.
However, if we look at Berlin Tegal airport, it started at the lowest point of 17.3m travelers
in the first year. After this point, the trend increased significantly to 43.3m passengers.
(165 words)

11. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The chart below gives information about Istanbul Promo plus sales in 2007.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

32
Model answer:

The chart shows how Promo Plus in Istanbul fluctuated over a period of 12 months. It is
observed that in the first month of 2007, Promo Plus sales stood at 200 million turkish lira
and rose slightly to reach about 225 million in February. This was followed by another
increase, although much steeper, in March when sales where almost 125 million turkish
lira higher than February.
However, this upward trend was suddenly broken and sales plummeted dramatically over
the next 4 months to reach a little over 100 million turkish lira in July. August sales showed
a significant rise back to January levels as figures nearly doubled, but this was not to last
as they dropped again in September to the same level as they were in July. October came
with a small increase of about 100 million turkish lira in sales, after which sales figures
levelled off and remained relatively static over the last two months of 2007.
Overall, Promo Plus in Istanbul remained relatively unchanged in 2007 as January and
December sales were fairly equal. Also, sales were at their highest in March while the
weakest sales figures could be observed in July and September.

(197 words)

12. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below give information about five countries spending habits of
shopping on consumer goods in 2012. Summarise the information by selecting and
reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:
The chart compares the spending habits of shoppers in five European countries on six
consumer products, namely console games, outdoor game accessories, cosmetics,
books, toys and camera. Overall, more money was spent on the latter two than on any
other product.
It can be observed that in Britain, the highest amount of money was spent on camera
(more than 160 million pounds), while similar amounts were spent on console games and
outdoor game accessories. The Austrian spent the second highest amount of money on
the first three products while they stood last in the latter three. It is also revealed that
Spanish spent more money on toys than on any other product (a bit less than 150

33
million), but they also paid a lot for camera. Finally, Belgian spent the least overall, having
similar spending figures for all 6 products compared in the bar chart.
To sum up, the British were the biggest spenders in all six categories among the nations
compared in the bar chart while the lowest spending levels were attributed to the residents
of Belgium.
(178 words)

13. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie charts below give information on the ages of the populations of Oman and
Spain in 2005 anf projections for 2055.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The pie charts show significant comparison of age groups in Oman and Spain. Initial
statistics are concerning 2005 and some predictions about the ages of the populations
are made referring to 2055.
It is apparent from the charts people who were under consisted half of the population of
Oman in 2005. 48% and a negligible 4% of Oman population were 15-59 and 60 and over
respectively. However, following a half century is assessed to bring staggering alteration
of dominant positions in Oman population. Proliferation from 48% to 57% can be cited as
example which will make 15 to 59 year old Oman people dominant in 2055.
However, in 2005, 62 percent of Spanish people were between 19 and 59. Predictions
about that status illustrate not significant alterations in the dominance of age groups.

34
Overall, it is important to note that, in 2055, proportion of people under 14 will slide away
in both countries. However, this trend will cause middle aged people to take over
dominant position solely in Oman.
(169 words)

14. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The barchart below shows the total number of minutes (in billions) of telephone
calls in Australia, divided into three categories, from 2001- 2008.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:
The chart shows the time spent by Australian resident on different types of telephone
calls between 2001 and 2008.
Local fixed line calls were the highest throughout the period, rising from 72 billion minutes
in 2001 to just under 90 billion in 2003. After peaking at 90 billion the following year, these
calls had fallen back to the 2001 figure by 2008.
National and international fixed line calls grew steadily from 38 billion to 61 billion at end
of the period in question, though the growth slowed over the last two years.
There was a dramatic increase in mobile calls from 2 billion to 46 billion minutes. This rise
was particularly noticeable between 2005 and 2008, during which time the use of mobile
phones tripled.
To sum up, although local fixed line calls were still most popular in 2008, the gap between
the three categories had narrowed considerably over the second half of the period in
question.
(157 words)

15. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram shows the relationship between a numbers of different languages.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

35
Model answer:
The diagram shows the varieties of English spoken throughout the world and how they
are related.
There are two main branches of English: British English and American English. The
British English Branch is geographically wide-spread. It extends across several continents
from the West Indies, through the British Isles themselves, Africa, the Indian subcontinent,
the Far East and Australasia. In addition to the four varieties of English spoken in the
British Isles (i.e. in Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England), it includes a large number of
other varieties, for instance Jamaican English, South Africa English, and Australian
English.
The American branch is largely restricted to the American continent. It comprises the
varieties of English spoken in the different region of the United States itself, as well as in
Canada. Beyond the continent, the extent of its influence is limited to the Philippines in
the Far East and American Samoa in the Pacific.
In brief, the diagram shows that, like the economic and political influence of the Anglo
Saxon countries, the reach of English has extended to virtually every region of the world.
(180 words)

16. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram below shows two different processes for manufacturing black tea.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words
MANUFACTURING TEA

36
Model answer:
The diagram shows the two processes for manufacturing black tea. The traditional way
is used for making loose tea and modern process is ideal for teabags.

When collecting tea, the tea picker picks only the two top leaves and the bud of ensure a
high quality tea. Then, the tea leaves go through withering, where leaves are spread out
and air is passed through withering, where leaves are spread out and air is passed
through them to remove up to 60 per cent of their moisture.

37
After that, the leaves are ready for rolling or cutting. Factories use traditional methods of
rolling and crushing or faster modern methods of cutting, tearing and curling to make
teabags. In both processes, natural enzymes are produced from the leaves. The next
step is oxidation, where the enzymes from the leaves mix with the air. This changes the
colour of the leaves from green to copper and creates a nice flavour and aroma. Finally,
the leaves are fired and dried. By this stage, little moisture remains in the tea-just three
per cent.
(178 words)

17. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie graphs show the nutritional consistency of two dinners.
Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The graphs compare the proportion of various nutritional compounds contained in two
different foods; macaroni and medium baked potato.

38
In general, there are a larger percentage of carbohydrates and saturated fats in macaroni
than in medium baked potato. In contrast, medium baked potato has a much higher
amount of protein and glucose.
In particular, macaroni mainly consists of large amounts of carbohydrate and saturated
fats. Carbohydrates take up slightly more than a half, 52%, while a little less than a quarter
is made up of saturated fats. The other nutrients show relatively lower proportions.
On the other hand, medium baked potato is mostly comprised of carbohydrates and
protein. The amount of carbohydrates in the food is less than in macaroni, but they still
take up the greatest percentage of 35% in medium baked potato. Interestingly, this dinner
cereal has a large amount of protein with 25%, which is very different from macaroni. The
other types of nutrients do not show significant figures in the pie chart.
(166 words)

18. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The flow chart below shows an automatic photo booth.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words
Autumatic Photo Booth

39
Model answer:

The flow chart shows the main feature of a coin-operated photo booth, which allows the
user to take large or passport-size self-portraits.
Two buttons on the outside of the booth allow you to select the size of photo (large format
or passport size). If the large format setting is chosen, you will only receive one photo.
Passport-sized photos are issued in sets of four. Two buttons below these let you choose
colour or black and white, although you must choose colour for passport photos. There is
also a slot on the outside of the booth for the insertion of coins, and a larger slot where
the photos are delivered.
Inside the booth, there is an adjustable seat to sit on. The seat should be adjusted so that
your eyes are level with the arrow on the screen. A mirror allows you to check your
appearance before the photos are taken.
The curtain in the doorway should be closed when the photos are taken. A light to the
right of the screen comes on, telling you to prepare. After this, the flash goes off after
three seconds. The photographs are delivered outside within sixty seconds.
(193 words)

19. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graphs indicate the source of complaints about the bank of America and the
amount of time it takes to have the complaints resolved.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

40
Model answer:

The two graphs depict different information related to complaints within the bank of
America. The pie graph shows the sources of complaints, while the bar graph illustrates
the average time taken between investigation into complaints and final action taken.
In general, by far the highest number of complaints against the bank of America originated
from the public. The bar graph shows the average time period between investigation and
action is around 5 months.
63% of all complaints against the bank of America are lodged by the public. Of the
remaining 37% of complaints, the figures can be grouped into percentages between 11
and 8%, which are made up of government agencies, out-of-state agencies, and
insurance companies. Then interestingly, media and bank employee made up and equal
figure, 3% in the chart.
The bar graph shows that 2001 had the highest waiting time for complaints of medical
misconduct at 6 months. Although there is a significant drop from 6 months in 2001 to 5
months in 2002, all previous and proceeding years display an average waiting period of
5 months. Despite this, over time the average waiting period is decreasing.

41
(189 words)
20. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below gives information about changes in modes of travel in Netherland
between 2001 and 2006.
Describe the information in the table and make comparisons where appropriate.
Write at least 150 words.
Average distance in miles travelled per person per year, by mode of travel
2001 2006
Walking 255 237
Bicycle 51 41
Car 3199 4806
Local bus 429 274
Local distance bus 54 124
Train 239 366
Taxi 13 42
Other 450 585
All modes 4740 6475
Model answer:

The chart illustrates average distance travelled by various modes of transport in


Netherland in 2001 and 2006. The figures are given in miles and to show how peoples
preference changed over time.
In general, people in Netherland travelled more in the year 2006 than in 2001. Cars
showed unparalleled figures among the given categories. Except walking, using bicycles
and taking local buses, most of the categories showed overall increases in the distance
travelled.
In detail, a person driving his own car travelled 3,199 miles on average in 2001, and the
average distance showed a moderate rise to 4,806 miles in 2006. Apart from cars, taking
trains, using long distance buses and taxis also experienced an overall growth in their
figures from 289 miles to 366, from 54 miles to 124, and from 13 miles to 42 respectively
in the order named.
On the other hand, walking and rising bicycles were not more favored by Dutch people.
Both categories showed a moderate decline in their figures. Meanwhile, the number of
people who used local buses must have dropped significantly as the average distance
experienced a dramatic fall from 429 miles in 2001 to 274 miles in 2006.
(195 words)

21. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graphs show figures relating to hours worked and stress levels amongst
professionals in eight groups.
Describe the information shown to a university or collage lecturer.
Write at least 150 words

42
Model answer:

Two graphs give different information related to eight professional groups. The bar chart
indicates the number of weekly work hours done by the groups while the pie graph
illustrates the percentages of people suffering from stress related illness in the different
professions given.
In general, business men work the longest among the eight groups while the smallest
amount of time is normally worked by lecturers. According to the pie chart, lecturers
struggle the most with work-related stress. Although their average working hours is
smaller than any other group in the chart, lecturers suffer from the highest level of stress
caused by their job.
The bar graph shows that business men and movie producers work the most at about 70
hours and 62 hours per week respectively. At the opposite end of the scale, lecturers
work only around 25 hours. Working hours of other professionals varied with doctors,
writers, programmers, lawyers and chefs working approximately 52, 46, 35 and 32 hours
per week in the name ordered.

43
The pie graph shows that the professional who has the highest incidence of stress related
illnesses is lecturers at 25%. Movie producers and doctors also have high rates with 18%
and 15% each. The figures for business men, lawyers, chefs and writers can be grouped
into percentages between 11 and 8%. The lowest rate of stress illness is attributed to
programmers at only 5%, which is only a fifth the figure for lecturers.
(239 words)

22. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar graph indicates sales figures for reading materials from 2002 to 2012.
Write a report to a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The graph shows the changes in the sales of four different types of publications for a
decade since 2002.
In general, all the given categorise except hobbies book showed a rising trend in the
sales over the period. The sales of history books were the highest while those of art
books were the lowest.
In particular, the sales of the biggest sellers, history books, experienced an overall
growth during the period. The sales were around 4500 copies in 2002, and then
reached a peak of 10000 in 2008. Although the figure dropped slightly after then, history
books remained the greatest sellers with around 9000 copies sold in 2012.
The sales of art books and entertainment books showed a similar pattern of a steady
growth. The figure for art books increased slowly from around 1500 copies in 2002 to
just under 4000 in 2012 while that for entertainment books went through a moderate
rise from approximately 1300 copies in 2002 to 3000 in 2012.
On the other hand, the last category, hobbies book, did not show an upward trend. The
sales of hobbies book showed the lowest sales figures, and the figure generally
remained constant at between 500 and 700 copies.
(199 words)

44
23. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar charts below give information about the railway system in six cities in
Europe.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:

The bar charts illustrate comparable information related to railway systems in six capital
cities in Europe; Paris, Stockholm, Lisbon, Rome, Madrid and Berlin.
In general, railway systems in different cities vary in terms of the start dates of each
system, the sizes, and the numbers of passengers using the systems in a year.

45
As far as the ages are concerned, Paris has the oldest railway system among the six
cities. It was opened in the year 1863, which is incomparable to the other cities. On the
other hand, Berlin has the newest railway system which was opened in Europe 2001.
In terms of the sizes, Paris, for certain, has the longest route, 394km, which is nearly
twice the figure for Stockholm. Madrid, in contrast, has the shortest route in its railway
system, only 28km.
When it comes to the numbers of people using the railway system in each, Lisbon shows
the largest number of 1927 million passengers in a year while Madrid serves the smallest
number of railway users, 45 millions.
(170 words)

24. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie chart below shows the proportion of different categories of families living
in poverty in UK in 2002.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty

Model answer:

The pie chart examines the different type of families who were living in poor conditions in
UK in the year 2002.
As an overall trend, 14% of the entire households in UK at that time were in conditions of
poverty. In general, single people struggled more than couples.
In particular, as far as people with children are concerned, sole parents showed the
highest percentage of 26% among all the given categories while couples with children
accounted for a relatively smaller percentage of 15%.
When it comes to people with no children, single people made up a large percentage of
24%, which is almost the same figure for single people with children. On the other hand,
only 9% of the couples without any children suffered from poverty in

46
2002. In terms of aged people, singles had a slightly higher percentage than couples.
Only 7% and 5% of the aged population had hardships in their living circumstances.
(155 words)

25. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graphs show changes in spending habits of people in UK between 1971 and
2001.
Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The pie charts show changes in UK spending patterns between 1971 and 30 years later,
2001.
As an overall trend, increased amounts of money spent on cars, computers and eating
out were made up for by drops in expenditure on food and books.
In detail, food and car made up the two biggest item of expenditure in both years.
Together they comprised over half of household spending in the UK. Food accounted for
44% of spending in 1971, but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 2001. However, the
outlay on cars doubled, rising from 22% in 1971 to 43% in 2001.
Other areas changed significantly. Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to
14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 2% in
1971 to 12% in 2001. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay
on books plunged from 6% to 1%.
(151 words)

26. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram shows the procedure for university entry for high school graduates.
Write a report for a university or college lecturer describing the information.
Write at least 150 words

47
Model answer:
The flowchart illustrates the various steps that a high school student must follow to enter
university.
Once the high school has been obtained, students need to complete an application for
university entrance. This can be downloaded from the university website. The completed
application should then be sent to the administration.
Applicants receive a reply two weeks later which is provisional acceptance, a rejection or
an acceptance. If a rejection is received, students can either cancel their application
altogether or complete an application for an alternative course and send to the
administration office.
A provisional acceptance means that more documentation is required. Applicants in this
situation should complete the additional documentation and submit them to the office.
When an acceptance is received, the applicant should complete the enrolment form and
select which subjects he or she wishes to undertake and register with the dean. When all
this is complete, the applicant may enter university.
(194 words)

27. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie charts show the average consumption of food in the world in 2008
compared to two countries; China and India.
Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.
Write at least 150 words

48
Model answer:

The graphs illustrate the consumption of 4 types of food used in the word in 2008. The
figures are compared to the amounts of food used in china and India in the same year.
As an overall trend, the two countries showed different food consumption from the world
average, while processed food consumption still had the largest percentages in all the
three charts.
In particular, processed food consumption was the highest in the in the world, accounting
for 41%, which was followed by vegetables and fruits at 29% and animal food at a quarter.
Only 4% consisted of nut and seeds consumption.
Likewise, China used processed food in the largest proportion of 39%. Animal food
showed the same figure as the worlds average, 25%. Vegetable and fruits was used at
23% while nuts and seeds showed less than a half figure.
In India, both vegetable and processed food were used the most in the year 2008 with
percentages of 34% and 32% respectively, nuts and seeds used in this country showed
the largest proportion among the three charts given, making up 19% at this time.
(185 words)

49
28. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar graph below shows the numbers of male and female research students
studying six computer science subjects at a US university in 2011.
Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The bar chart shows the gender distribution of students doing computer scientific
research across a range of disciplines at a US university in 2011.
In five of the six disciplines, males outnumbered females. Male students made up a
particularly large proportion of the student group in subjects related to the study of
programming objects: mathematics, programming, and engineering. The gender gap was
particularly large in the field of mathematics, where there were five times as many male
students as female students.
Men and women were more equally represented in subjects related to the study of
computer science: natural sciences, psychology, and linguistics. In natural science, there
were nearly as many women [approximately 200] as men [approximately 240]. This was
also true of psychology. Linguistics was the only discipline in which women outnumbered
men [roughly 110 women vs. 90 men].
Overall, the chart shows that at this university, computer science subjects continue to be
male-dominated; however, women have a significant presence in fields related to
psychology and the computer sciences.
(169 words)

29. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table shows the percentage of journeys made by different forms of transport
in four countries, The bar graph shows the results of a survey into car use.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make
comparisons where relevant.

50
Write at least 150 words.

Journeys
Canada Belgium Germany Netherland
made by
Car 90% 72% 68% 47%
Bicycle 1% 2% 2% 26%
Public
3% 12% 18% 8%
transport
On foot 5% 11% 11% 18%
Other 1% 3% 1% 1%
Most cited reasons people travel to work by car (Canada)

Model answer:
The table compares modes of transport used in four countries: Canada, Belgium,
Germany and the Netherlands. Percentage of journeys made by car, bicycle, public
transport and on foot are given. The bar chart shows the results of a survey into reasons
people in the Canada travel to work by car.
As can be seen from the table, cars were the most frequently used from of transport in all
four countries. However, the proportion of journeys made by car ranged from a low of 47
per cent in the Netherlands to a high of 90 per cent in the Canada. Figures for the other
forms of transport also varied considerably. Not surprisingly, in the Netherlands, a high
proportion of trips were made by bicycle (26%) and on foot (18%). The highest rate of
public transport use was in Germany, where nearly one in five journeys was made by
public transport.
The bar chart provides information that may help explain why car use in the Canada. The
most frequently cited reason was lack of any other alternative (38%). Although a sizeable
percentage said it was more convenient (12%), the other factors listed appeared to relate
more to need than preference, e.g. working night shift.

51
Overall, the figures show considerable variation in modes of transport used, though the
car continues to dominate in most contexts.
(223 words)

30. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table shows the average length of YouTube video advertisements and average
length of time viewers spend watching them. Summarise the information by
selecting and reporting the main features.
Write at least 150 words.
Average YouTube Video ad length and time viewed
Average length of
Average time
Type of YoTube ad YoTube ad
viewed(seconds)
(seconds)

Public service 66.7 28.1

Business and finance 35.1 24.6

Entertainment and
30.8 26.5
news

Travel 28.7 23.0

Technology 39.3 20.9

Retail 26.5 20.1

Consumer electronics 24.9 17.3

Clothing 23.4 16.6

Pharmaceuticals 21.8 16.0

Lifestyle 33.7 14.3

Overall 38.1 20.4


Model answer:

The table shows the average length of YouTube video advertisements by sector and
average length of time viewers spent watching these advertisements.
The average length of the advertisements varied from a low of 21.8 seconds for
pharmaceuticals to a high of 66.7 for public service advertisements. With the exception
of government- and technology- related advertisements, in general, products and
services which required a large financial commitment tended to have longer
advertisements. Entertainments, financial services and travel advertisements, for
example, were all twenty eight seconds on average or longer. Less expensive products,
on the other hand, such as consumer electronics, clothing and medicines, tended to have
shorter advertisements.

52
Adverts for more expensive products or services also tended to be watched for longer
than adverts for less expensive items. Viewers on average watched more than 50 per
cent of advertisements for entertainment, travel, business and finance. In contrast,
viewers tended to watch less of government advertisements and advertisements for
cheaper goods such as consumer electronics, clothing and medicines.
Overall, length of YouTube video advertisements and length of time spent viewing such
advertisements appears to be associated with the perceived cost of the product or service
being advertised.
(195 words)

31. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graph gives information about drinking habits of the US population by age.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The bar chart shows information about peoples drinking behavior by age group in the
US. Several trends are evident.
The highest proportion of those who never drink (nearly two-thirds) was in the 16 to 24
years group. The proportion tended to decrease with age. Only 40 per cent of people
aged 65 to 74 had never drink.
On the other hand, the percentage of those who had quit drinking tended to increase with
age. Only 5 per cent of those in the youngest age group (16 to 24) were ex-drinkers, as
opposed to roughly 40 per cent of those aged 65 to 75.
The percentage of those classed as heavy drinkers also showed a distinct pattern. People
in middle age (35 to 54) tended to be the heaviest drinkers approximately 13 per cent
of the total. A relatively small proportion of those in the youngest age group, and an even
smaller percentage of those in the oldest group (roughly 3 per cent) drink heavily.
Overall, age appears to be a significant factor in patterns of drinking behavior.
(177 words)

53
32. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below show the percentage of housing owned and rented in the
UK in 1991 and 2007. Summarize the information by describing the main features
of the charts and making comparisons where appropriate.
Write at least 150 words
Housing owned and rented in the UK

Model answer:

The pie charts compare home ownership and renting for 1991 and 2007 in percentage
terms. In 1991, home owner were the most popular type of housing, accounting for 60%,
or more than over half of all homes. The next largest sector was social rented homes,
amounting to 23% or nearly one-third of homes. The remaining homes were mostly
privately rented (11%) with a tiny fraction being social housing (6%).
Sixteen years later, in 2007, the number of home owners had risen to 70%, or almost
three quarters of all homes. This was an increase of 10% compared with 1991. Much of
the increase in home ownership can be explained by the decrease in social rented homes,
which had dropped from 23% to 17%.
The percentage of privately rented homes had remained unchanged at 11%. However,
there were 5 million more homes in 2007 compared with 1991 so the number of rented
homes had increased despite the same percentage. Social housing has decreased three-
fold from 6% in 1991 to 2% in 2007, and it remains the least popular type of housing.
(180 words)

33. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table below gives information on internet use in six categories by age group.
Describe the information in the table and make comparisons where appropriate.
Write at least 150 words.

54
Internet activities by age group

Age group

Activity% Teens 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70+

Get News 76 73 76 75 71 74 70

Online games 81 54 37 29 25 25 32

Downloads 52 46 27 15 13 8 6

Product
0 79 80 83 79 74 70
research

Buying a
43 68 69 68 67 65 41
product

Searching for
5 31 23 23 24 29 27
people

Model answer:

Comparing activities, we can see that getting news is the most popular activity with users
of all ages. At least 70% of people use the internet to get news.
Whilst 80% of teenagers play online games, this table drops to 54% of people in their
twenties and 37% of people in their thirties. Online gaming reaches a low of 25% with
people in their fifties and then increases in popularity with older people.
Downloads activity display a similar trend to internet games, but they are less popular in
general and decline markedly with people over age 40. Only 6% of people over age 70
download.
Online Product research is made by over seventy percent of all people except for
teenagers who do not research product. Product research peak in the forties age group,
when almost three-quarters of people research for product in this way.
Buying a product online is equally popular with all internet users except those at either
end of the age scale: teens and internet users age 70 or older. Searching for people

55
online is done by between one-quarter and one-third of people depending on age, except
for teenagers who make only five searches out of every 100.
(198 words)

34. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart shows different methods of waste disposal in four cities; Toronto,
Madrid, Kuala Lumpur and Amman. Summarize the information by describing the
main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The bar chart depicts four types of waste disposal in four cities. Landfill was the most
popular method of waste disposal in Toronto and Amman. Toronto used landfill for
disposing of about three-quarters of its waste with the remaining quarter split between
incineration, recycling and composting.
Amman used landfill for disposing of almost half of its waste with most of the rest being
incinerated. Incineration was the most popular method of waste disposal in Madrid and
Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala Lumpur disposed of more than half its waste by incineration with less than one
quarter going for recycling and even less still going for landfill and composting. Recycling
was the second least popular method of waste disposal.
No cities disposed of more than 25% of its waste by recycling and in the case of Toronto,
it was less than 10%. Composting was the least common method of waste disposal. No
cities disposed of more than 10% of its waste by compositing and Amman hardly did any
composting.
(166 words)

35. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram shows how apple is canned.

56
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words

Model answer:

The diagram shows how fresh applet is canned. First the apple is picked from trees by
hand. It is then transported to the cannery by large trucks. At the cannery the apple is
washed and quality checked, and any poor quality apple is rejected.
The good quality apple is put into cold storage. When it is ready for canning the apple is
weighted and graded. The grading ensures that the apple of a similar size is kept together.
After this the apple is peeled and the cores are removed. It is then sliced into the required
sizes and put into cans. Juice or syrup is also added to the cans.
Once the cans have been filled they are sealed and cooked over heat to ensure that the
cans are sterilized. When the cans are cool, a label is attached and they are placed into
storage. The canned apple is now ready to be despatched to supermarkets and sold.
(158 words)

36. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The flow chart illustrates the consequence of deforestation. Summarise the
information by selecting and reporting the main features.
Write at least 150 words

57
Model answer:

The flow chart shows what typically occurs as a consequence of deforestation. When
trees are removed, there are four main immediate effects, which eventually result in
flooding, degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.
One immediate effect is soil which has been compacted by heavy equipment. The result
hard, baked soil contributes to the run off of rain water and, eventually, flooding.
Another immediate consequence of logging is a reduction in the number of roots holding
the soil together. This leads to soil erosion. As a consequence, the quality and variety of
vegetation is compromised.
The third immediate effect is burning, both deliberate and a consequence of an increased
risk of forest fires. The waste that remains after loggings is destroyed and the
microorganisms that feed on this material are lost. This leads to degraded vegetation.
The final immediate consequence is a reduction in the amount of moisture plants return
to the air. Because there is less moisture in the air, there is less precipitation and an
increased incidence of drought. This too reduces plant growth and ultimately results in
degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.
(187 words)

37. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table below gives information about rail transport in four countries in 2007.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

58
Passenger Cargo
Number of People
kilometres per carried
Country using rail transport
head of (billions of
(not including metro)
population tons)
Malaysia 5.9 770 22.2
Canada 0.3 80 2820
China 27 1980 23.01
UAE 5.5 780 21.9
Model answer:
The table shows details for four countries concerning the percentage of the population
who use the railways, how many kilometres each person travels on average, and the
number of tons of cargo the railways carry.
What is surprising is that very few Americans use rail- less than half of one per cent- and
they do not travel far (just 80 kilometres). However, the Canada carries by far the most
cargo, nearly 3 thousand billion tons. This contrasts greatly with China, where 27% of the
population use rail, and they each travel further (1980 kilometres) than any of the other
countries. On the other hand, less than 25 billion tons of freight is carried.
The two countries which are most similar are the Malaysia and UAE. Both have between
5 and 6% of people who use trains, they travel between 770 and 780 kilometres and the
amount of freight is approximately the same (22.2 and 21.9 billion tons respectively).
In general it can be seen that while citizens of the Canada use rail transport the least,
they transport the most amount of cargo by rail.
(184 words)

38. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The chart below gives information about global population percentages and
distribution of wealth by region.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

59
Model answer:

The chart compares population shares in various regions of the world with the distribution
of wealth in these same regions. It can be seen that population shares in almost all cases
do not relate to the distribution of wealth.
Even though North America has only approximately 6% of the worlds population, it boasts
nearly 34% of global wealth. A similar situation can be seen in Europe, which has 15% of
the global population but 30% of global wealth, and the rich (high income) Asia-Pacific
countries with 5% of the worlds population but 24% of its wealth.
On the other hand, the total wealth of people in China, India, Africa, Latin America and
Caribbean, and the other poor (lower income) countries in Asia-Pacific is far less than
their shares of the world population. This is most striking in India, where 16% of the
worlds population own only 1% of the worlds wealth and in China, which has the highest
percentage of global population (24%) but only 3% of the worlds wealth.
(170words)

39. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The table shows the worldwide market share of the mobile phone market for
manufactures in the years 2005 and 2006.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Worldwide Mobile phone Sales in 2005 & 2006 (% share of market)
2005 % Market 2006 % Market
Company
share share
Nokia 32.5 35
Motorola 17.7 21.1
Samsung 12.7 11.8

60
Sony Ericsson 6.3 7.4
L.G 6.7 6.3
BenQ Mobile 4.9 2.4
Others 19.2 16.2
TOTAL 100.0 100.0

Model answer:
The table gives information on the market share of mobile phone manufactures for two
consecutive years, 2005 and 2006.
In both years, Nokia was clearly the market leader, selling 32.5% of all mobile phones in
2005, and slightly more (35%) in 2006. This is a greater market share than its two closest
competitors, Motorola and Samsung, added together.
Motorola increased its market share from 17.7% in 2005 to 21.1% in 2006. In contrast,
Samsung saw its share of the market decline slightly from 12.7% to 11.8%.
The other companies listed each had a much smaller share of the market. Sony
Ericssons share increased from 6.3% in 2005 to 7.4% in 2006 whereas L.G decreased
slightly from 6.7% to 6.3%. BenQ Mobiles share more than halved from 2005 to 2006;
from 4.9% of the market to only 2.4%.
Other mobile phone manufactures accounted for 19.2% of the market in 2005- more than
all the companies mentioned except Nokia. However, in 2006 the other companies only
made 16.2% of mobile phone sales- less than both Nokia and Motorola.
(176 words)
40. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below gives statistics about the size of US households over a number
of years. (Household = all the people living together in one house.) Study the
information and answer the question.
Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.
US household by size 1790-1990
Per cent distribution of number of households Average
Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 population per
person person person person person person person household
1790 3.7% 7.8% 11.7% 13.9% 13.9% 13.2 35.8% 5.4
1890 3.6% 13.2% 16.7% 16.8% 15.1% 11.6% 23.0% 4.9
1990 24.6% 32.2% 17.2% 15.6% 6.7% 2.3% 1.4% 2.6
Model answer:

We can see from the table that households in the US have become much smaller over
the last 200 years. Households in 1790 had an average of 5.4 members but by 1990 the
figure had fallen by about half to only 2.6.

61
In 1790 35.8% of all households had seven members. This was still the most common
household size in 1890 but the proportion had dropped slightly to 23%. One-person
households were the least common, representing less than 4% of the total in both 1790
and 1890. By 1990, however, there had been a major change. Now only about 1% of
household had seven members, while 56.8% of all households consisted of only one or
two people.

41. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar charts below show the Marriage and Divorce Statistics for nine countries
in 1981 and 1994.
Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.

62
Model answer:
As we can see from the information, there was a general trend for the number of marriage
to decrease over 13 years in most of the countries. In 1981, the USA had the most
marriages (10.6 per thousand) but by 1994 this had fallen to 9.1 per thousands. The
number of marriages also fell substantially in Finland and France. The only country where
there was an increase in the number of marriage was Denmark.
By comparison the rate of divorce increased in most countries over the same period. The
only exceptions to this trend were Germany, where there was no change, and the USA
and Denmark, where the figure fell. The country with the fewest divorce in both 1981 and
1994 was Italy.
(123 words)

42. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The bar chart below shows the production of the worlds oil in OPEC and non-
OPEC countries.
Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write at least 150 words.

63
Model answer:
The graph gives past, present and future data concerning the production of worlds oil on
OPEC and non-OPEC countries. The figures indicate that while the production of oil in
Middle Eastern OPEC countries is predicted to increase considerably, oil production
elsewhere is likely to fall.
Between 1980 and 2000, most of the worlds oil came from non-OPEC countries; only
two million barrels per day were produced by OPEC countries. Since then, these figures
have changed considerably. Between 2000 and 2010 it is predicted that approximately
10 million barrels will come from Middle Eastern OPEC countries, while a further 10 million
barrels will be provided by other OPEC or non-OPEC countries.
Although forecasters predict that oil production is likely stabilise between 2010 and 2020,
a lot more of this oil is expected to come from the Middle Eastern OPEC countries, and
under 5 million barrels per day from other areas.
(149 words)

43. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The diagram below shows the process by which bricks are manufactured for the
building industry.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Brick manufacturing

64
Model answer:

The process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry can be outlined
in seven consecutive steps.
First the raw material, clay, which was just below the surface of soil in certain clay-rich
areas has to be dug up by a digger.
Then the lumps of clay are placed on a metal grid in order to break up the big chunks of
clay into much smaller areas, which fall through the metal grid onto a roller, whose motion
further segregates the bits of clay. Sand and water are added to make a homogenous
mixture, which is then either formed in moulds or cut into brick-shaped pieces by means
of a wire cutter.
Those fresh bricks are then kept in a drying oven for at least 24 and a maximum of 48
hours, several dozen if not hundreds of bricks at a time. The dried bricks are then
transferred to a so-called kiln, another type of high temperature oven. First they are kept
at a moderate temperature of 200C 1300C. This process is followed by cooling down
the finished bricks for 48 to 72 hours in a cooling chamber.
Once the bricks have cooled down and have become hard, they get packaged and
delivered to their final destination, be it a building site or storage.
(217 words)
Band 9

This response fully satisfies the requirements of the task. All key features of each stage
of the process are appropriately and accurately presented. An excellent overview is
given at the beginning of the response and this skilfully incorporates part of the rubric,
changing the grammatical function, to give a brief summary of the whole process. The
message is very easy to read with seamless cohesion that attracts no attention.

65
Paragraphing, linking and referencing are all skilfully managed. The language used is
very fluent and sophisticated. A wide range of vocabulary and structures are used with
full flexibility and accuracy. Only rare minor slips can be found and these do not detract
from the high rating. This script is a good example of a Band 9 performance

44. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The graph below shows the changes in maximum number of Asian
elephants between 1994 and 2007.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and
make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

Model answer:

The graph shows the estimated maximum population of elephants in a range of Asian
countries in both 1997 and 2004.
In most of the countries included in the graph, the population fell. This was most
noticeable in Malaysia and Thailand, where the number of elephants was thought to be
less than half the figure in 1997. In the former, the number of elephants dropped as low
as 1000. India remained the country with by far the largest elephant population, but
experienced a dramatic fall in numbers so that in 2004 there may have been as few as
7500. Despite its size, China had a very small population of at most 500 elephants by
2004.
Although the trend was downwards overall, elephant populations were thought to have
remained stable in Laos and Vietnam at approximately 1200. The only country where
elephants showed signs of recovering was Cambodia, where numbers may have risen by
up to 200.
(155 words)

66
08/11/2014
Some people believe that a crime is a result of social problems and poverty, others think
that crime is a result of bad persons nature. Discuss both views and give your opinion

ANSWER

Many people consider that innate characteristics are responsible for the fact that some people
choose to turn to a career of crime. However, I would argue that crime is a consequence of
social issues and poverty.

There is a belief that a persons nature determines whether or not they become a criminal.
Firstly, they argue that an individual who is cruel turns to crime more easily than a kind person.
For instance, a child bullying other boys or girls at school may turn into a violent criminal in the
future. Secondly, bad characteristics such as laziness or selfishness could also breed future
offenders, who seek to acquire easy money without working for it. A number of youngsters
choose to steal from others, instead of working hard to make an honest living. These are strong
reasons for thinking that those who have an inborn bad nature are more likely to break the law.

Nevertheless, it seems to me that social issues and poverty are the main causes behind crime.
There are many problems in society which might lead to an increase in the crime rate. For
example, unemployment pushes people intoresorting to crime because they simply cannot find a
job. As a consequence, the number of offenders has climbed in many countries over recent
decades. Another reason is that, more broadly, poverty in general leads to a rise in crime. If
people do not have enough money to make ends meet, they will be tempted to pursue illegal
activities just to support themselves and their families.

In conclusion, while a number of people think that a person's nature is the primary cause of
crimes, I would argue that they are the results of social issues and poverty.

291 words

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 1
Question in 11/10/2014:

Today more and more people are using mobile phones and computers. Thus, people are
losing the ability to communicate face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Answer:

It is true that cell phones and computers play crucial roles in our lives. Some people
claim that this is the reason for declining communication skills. While I accept that modern
technologies make our lives more convenient, I believe that they have some negative effects on
our communication ability.

On the one hand, there are several advantages of using these electronic devices. The
biggest advantage is that cell phones and computers allow people to communicate with each
other more quickly and conveniently. For example, thanks to the Internet, managers can utilize
computers to contact their partners from other countries. As a result, they can save more time and
money to do other vital work of their business. Furthermore, many mobile phones and computers
now have Skype and therefore we can talk to friends and family who are far away. We can
actually see them, whereas before we had to rely on expensive long-distance calls or letters
which took ages to arrive.

On the other hand, this trend may have some drawbacks. Firstly, although people can
make many new friends via the Internet easily, they rarely meet and talk directly with each other.
This will let people be under illusions about their acquaintances in the virtual world. Secondly,
because of extreme focusing on cell phones or computers, people no longer want to spend time
with their true friends and their families. My close friend, for instance, is so addicted to chatting
and playing games on her smart phone that she ignores everyone when we gather and talk about
funny stories together.

In conclusion, although modern technologies bring us numerous benefits, it is true that


the communication ability of people will be improved if they restrict their usage of mobile
phones and computers.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 2
12/07/2014

Nowadays more and more young people hold the important positions in the government.
Some people think that is a good thing while others argue that it is not suitable . Discuss
both view and give your opinion

Answer:

It is true that the number of young people who hold the fundamental posts in the government is
growing. While some people believe are opposed to this idea, I would argue that this trend is
beneficial at present.

On the one hand, this trend also carries some remarkable drawbacks. The main issue is that it is
really hard for the young to make older people accept their leadership, especially in some Eastern
nations. Young leaders are always thought to have inefficient capabilities to manage. In addition,
all of them are short of real experience. If they have not faced many challenges in their career,
they could easily make mistakes, which can affect the lives of many people.

On the other hand, it seems to me that young people are becoming an increasingly important part
of the government and bring a lot of benefits . One reason is that their youth is a huge advantage
which allows them to be creative and up-to-date. This is likely to result in many new
breakthrough policies and styles of management. Furthermore, the young have a very long
period of time to contribute to their nations. For example, with the same abilities and
qualifications, a younger candidate is more likely to be elected than an older counterpart in some
countries because of his longer time of devotion in the future

In conclusion, I believe that more and more young people should be chosen to play some vital
roles in the government although this trend is disadvantageous to some extent.

(254 words)

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 3
IELTS Writing task 2 Vietnam 16/8/2014

Topic: In some countries, governments are encouraging industries and business to move
out of the large cities and into the regional areas.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

ANSWER:

It is true that the governments of some countries are supporting the idea of moving many
industrial factories and business companies from large urban areas to the countryside. In my
opinion, this has more benefits than drawbacks

On the one hand, the industrialization in local/rural areas will have some disadvantages. The
main disadvantage is that traditional work will be lost. For example, in many villages of
Vietnam, most people are farmers. In order to build many factories, companies need more land.
As a result, if farmers do not have enough land to plant rice fields, they will have to change their
jobs to support their family. Another issue is that the environment in regional areas will be
affected. Many industrial factories will release hazardous waste into the river or the environment.
Consequently, the air and the river in local areas will be polluted.

On the other hand, I believe that there are more benefits in the industrialization of local areas
than disadvantages. The first reason is that the living standards of local citizens will increase.
They will have more chance to get higher salary jobs. This may lead to parents having more
money to support their families and encouraging their children to pursue higher education. The
second reason is that modernization will occur. Governments are willing to build a lot of new
public transportation and buildings. Thus people will have more access to new technologies and
their life will be more comfortable.

In conclusion, although the industrialization in local areas creates several disadvantages, it


seems to me that the benefits of it are higher.

264 words.

Corrected by Ngoc Bach

(band~8.0)

NOTE:
Written by Ngoc Bach
Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 4
We need a noun or noun phrase after 'lead to', not a verb.
So, here are some some ways that you could rewrite the sentences:
1. Consumerism can lead to a more successful economy.
2. Tourism can lead to the destruction of natural habitats.
3. A competitive atmosphere in lessons motivates students.
Notice that in sentence 3 it is better to keep the verb 'motivates' and miss out 'leads to'.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 5
(210315) Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid
organizations draws attention to problems. Others think celebrities make the problems less
important. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The involvement of well-known people may raise the profile of a global aid organisation through
increased publicity. While some argue that their participation may downplay the significance of
aid work, I believe that it does have a positive impact overall.

On the one hand, celebrities may distract attention from the real issues. In the eyes of many
critics, their involvement is too often designed to enhance their own reputations. In an effort to
publicise themselves, it is argued that famous people have no real passion or interest in the work
of the international charity they support. Also, their association may simply trivialise the serious
work which the organisation is carrying out. Consequently, it is true that we should question
their motives for involvement.

On the other hand, I strongly agree with those who think that famous people can raise support for
international organisations. Firstly, they have a huge number of fans who follow their activities
and may be inspired by them. For example, when My Tam- a Vietnamese legendary singer -
took part in a project to help underprivileged children in mountainous areas, thousands of
youngsters from her fan clubs joined in this project by donating money and working as
volunteers thanks to her encouragement. Secondly, celebrities are often respected by local and
international communities. This may promote awareness of the work of the international aid
organisation with which they are linked and increase public support in terms either of
volunteering or donations.

In conclusion, although there are some admitted drawbacks to the participation of celebrities in
international aid organisations, I consider that they make a valuable contribution to such aid
work.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 6
21/09/2014: Governments in developing countries can best improve
peoples quality of life by introducing new technology.
However, others believe that free education should be offered for all.
Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Answer:
It is true that to make peoples lives better, governments in developing nations should
invest more money in education. While exemption from tuition fees brings numerous benefits
for citizens, I would argue that it is better to provide new technology for them.
On the one hand, it is undeniable that there are several advantages of free education.
The first advantage is that a number of people in developing countries are so poor that they can
hardly afford tuition fees despite their talent and deep passion for studying. If the governments
support them in this case, these youngsters will be encouraged to pursue their dreams. Therefore,
they can definitely devote their knowledge and abilities to their countries in the future. In
addition, education without fees attracts outstanding students from all over the world. If they are
treated well, they will stay and contribute to the countries development.
On the other hand, I believe that technology is more beneficial in human life. Firstly, it
helps people work more effectively. For example, many companies which apply cutting-edge
technology in their assembly-line can increase productivity rapidly. As a result, the companies
get much more profits and their employees can earn a higher salary without hard manual labor.
Secondly, innovative technology makes life more convenient for people. The Internet allows
people to stay in touch with each other regardless of the distance in recent years. Consequently,
people can save more time and money since they do not need to pay for transportation and to
travel anymore.
For the reasons mentioned above, it seems to me that although free education also
brings some pros to people, life is more likely to be improved if the governments enhance and
develop new technology.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 7
31-01-2015

Some people say that too much attention and too many resources are given in the
protection of wild animals and birds. Do you agree or disagree about this opinion?

It is argued that protecting wild animals and birds is drawing/attracting too much concern and
too many resources of society. Personally, I totally agree with this point of view.

There are two main reasons why I think people have paid too much attention to the protection of
animals. One reason is that many non-governmental organizations have been established in order
to protect animals all over the world. However, they are too concerned about animal-related
activities in many parts of the world. For example, it is unreasonable that PETA, an an animal
protection organization, accused Katy Perry of using tigers and elephants in her own music video
Roar for commercial purposes while she did not. Furthermore, news about wild animals can be
shared rapidly on the Internet. If a bear is imprisoned somewhere, this news will be widespread
on social networks such as Facebook on a large scale immediately.

In addition, people have also spent too many resources protecting wild birds. Firstly, a great deal
of money is required to carry out any project to protect wild birds, in which infrastructure and
research are the two most expensive. The more difficult research to preserve the DNA of wild
birds is, the more it costs. Secondly, the expenditure for this protection is quite unnecessary to
some extent. While funds should be raised to improve the living standards in some regions,
investment in bird protection appears to be a waste of money.

In conclusion, it seems to me that both concern and resources are focused too much on the
protection of wild animals and birds in this modern world.

264 words

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 8
The pie charts compare the UK and the US in terms of different categories of expenditures.

Overall, spending on rent and food accounts for the largest proportions of expenses in both the
UK and the US. In addition, the British and American expenditures on the other categories are
similar.

The percentage of spending on DVDs is exactly the same in both nations, 10%. Likewise,
people in the UK and America spend 15% of their expenditures on transport. 15% of total
expenses is how much people in the UK and the US both spend on going out. (The proportion of
expenditure on transport and going out is exactly the same in both countries at 15%. Likewise,
the percentage of spending on DVDs is also identical 10% in the UK and the USA)

30% of expenses in the UK, which accounts for the largest part, is for rent while the figure for
the US is one fifth. In terms of food, the figure for the US is slightly higher/slightly more than
that for the UK, at 25% and 18% respectively. However, the proportion of books in the
expenditure of Americans is 3% more than that in expenses of inhabitants in the UK.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 9
(17/01/2015)

Some people think that there should be some strict controls about noise. Others think that
they could just make as much noise as they want. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

ANSWER

It is argued that some essential meaures should be applied to control noise. While some
individuals say that they have the freedom to make noise as they like, I would argue that it
would be better to reduce noise .

On the one hand, some people like to make as much noise as they want for various reasons.
Firstly, many of them feel more comfortable and free when creating noise from different
activities while working or entertaining. For example, turning the volume louder to enjoy
favourite songs makes them feel relaxed after a long busy day, although it may disturb their
next-door neighbours. Secondly, people often consider noise as a part of the industrialization and
modernization process, therefore it is unavoidable. Traffic noise or engine noise seems to have
become more familiar to urban citizens. As a result, they feel that there are no particular reasons
to control noise.

On the other hand, I believe that it is more beneficial to impose some laws to strictly control
noise. The first reason is that noise has harmful impacts on peoples health. For instance, some
of my friends cannot sleep at night because of intrusive sounds from a nearby industrial zone . If
this situation lasts for a long time, it will definitely lead to a deterioration in their mental and
physical health. Furthermore, the productivity of work may be reduced as a consequence of
noise. A lot of white-collar workers report that they cannot fully concentrate on their tasks
because of the constant noise from vehicles in the street.

In conclusion, it seems to me that noise should be limited in order to have a better life, although
some people insist on making a lot of noise without any consideration for others.

(291 words)

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 10
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table illustrates the proportion of monthly household income five


European countries spend on food and drink, housing, clothing and
entertainment.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features


and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Proportion of household income five European countries spend on food and drink, housing,
clothing and entertainment.

Food and
Housing Clothing Entertainment
drink
France 25% 31% 7% 13%
Germany 22% 33% 15% 19%
UK 27% 37% 11% 11%
Turkey 36% 20% 12% 10%
Spain 31% 18% 8% 15%

The table compares the percentage of income which residents in five European nations spend monthly on
four different categories of expenditure.

Overall, in all five countries, citizens spend the highest proportion of their incomes on the first two
categories food and drink, and housing. Their percentage of expenditure on clothing and entertainment,
in contrast, is significantly less.

Households in Turkey and Spain spend the highest proportions of their monthly income on food and
drink, with 36% and 31% respectively. However, in UK, French and German households these figures
are significantly less at 27%, 25% and 22% respectively. The proportion spent on housing accounts for
37% of monthly income in the UK, 31% in France and 33% in Germany. These figures are much higher
than monthly housing expenditure in Turkey [20%] and Spain [18%].

The proportion of their income which households in these countries spend on the last two categories is
much lower. Spending on clothing is just 7% in France and 8% in Spain, while German households
spend the highest proportion at 15%. The range of expenditure on entertainment varies from only 10% in
Turkey to 19% in Germany.

Written by Ngoc Bach


Website: www.ngocbach.com
Page: https://www.facebook.com/tuhocIelts8.0 Page 11