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Why

develop a biobased economy?

An insight in the necessity for biobased products


Isabel Arends, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences
Growing popula8on
Increasing waste
Climate change
Loss of biodiversity
We have needs
Deple8on of resources
Are fossil fuels running out...
Global oil produc>on

Popula6on
based forecast
Million barrels per day

Predicted oil
produc6on

Adapted from: www.theoildrum.com, forecast 2009


or just becoming more expensive?
Average spot price for Brent crude oil

High Oil Price

Price ($/barrel)
Reference

Low Oil Price

Source: US Energy Information Administration, Energy Outlook 2014


The climate argument

History and forecast of CO2 and temperatures


Source: IPCC Climate Change Report 2013
The climate argument

History and forecast of CO2 and temperatures


Source: IPCC Climate Change Report 2013
Subs8tu8ng fossil fuels: energy mass
Solar and wind generate electrical energy
...but they cannot provide mass or carbon compounds
Subs8tu8ng fossil fuels: energy mass
Carbon is required for making tangible products
Paints and chemicals
Plastics
Pharmaceuticals
Towards a biobased economy
Using non-fossil feedstocks
Dene: Biobased Economy

the sustainable produc6on of renewable resources from land,


sheries and aquaculture environments and their conversion into
food, feed, ber bio-based products and bio-energy as well as
the related public goods
- European Commission
Drivers for transi8on
Economic: variable prices of fossil fuel resources

Political: energy security

Environmental: lowering net GHG emissions

Demographic: rising population and wealth

Agricultural: rural income and economic development

Food: add sustainable value to food chain


Integral use of biomass CO2

Fuels

Paint

Food
Plastics

Pharma-
ceuticals
Integral use of biomass
Fuels

Paint

Biotechnology

Plastics

Pharma-
ceuticals
Dene: Biobased products

Non-food products derived from biomass such as plants, algae,


crops, trees, marine organisms and biological waste from
households, animals and food produc>on.
-European Commission
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