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VISION IAS

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Test Booklet Series

TEST BOOKLET

GENERAL STUDIES (P) 2017 Test (2109)


C
Time Allowed: Two Hours Maximum Marks: 200

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1 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
1. With reference to Tatvabodhini Sabha, 4. Which of the following is/are the reasons for
consider the following statements: the failure of the revolt of 1857?
1. It was founded by Debendranath Tagore.
1. The rebels lacked a political perspective
2. It promoted rational thinking and
or a vision for future society.
outlook amongst the intellectuals.
2. The rebels were short of modern
3. It promoted a systematic study of India's
past. weapons.

Which of the statements given above is/are 3. The rebel units did not have common
correct? plans of military action or centralised
(a) 1 and 2 only
leadership
(b) 2 and 3 only
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) 1 only
given below.
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(a) 1 and 2 only
2. Which of the following statements is/are (b) 2 only
correct regarding land revenue policy of (c) 1 and 3 only
British?
(d) 1, 2 and 3
1. Land revenue policies made the land
saleable, mortgageable and alienable.
5. Consider the following statements regarding
2. Land revenue was periodically revised in
Sayyid Ahmed Khan:
ryotwari areas but fixed in Mahalwari
System. 1. In the beginning he was an orthodox and

3. Areas covered by Mahalwari system communal but later he emphasized on


included North Western Provinces and the unity of Hindu-Muslims.
parts of Punjab. 2. He established a college in Aligarh to
Select the correct answer using the code
educate Indians about oppression of a
given below.
foreign rule.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only 3. He advised educationally backward

(c) 1 and 3 only Muslims to focus on modern education


(d) 1, 2 and 3 rather than politics.

Which of the statements given above is/are


3. Rehnumai Mazdayasan Sabha or Religious
not correct?
Reform Association was started by :
(a) 1 only
(a) Muhammad Iqbal
(b) Sayyid Ahmed Khan (b) 1 and 2 only

(c) Dadabhai Naoroji (c) 2 and 3 only


(d) Muhammad Ali Jinnah (d) 1 and 3 only
2 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
6. Which of the following objectives led British 9. With reference to India in the 18th century,
to wage wars with Afghanisthan? what does 'misls' refer to?
1. To serve as a base for Central Asia in (a) Land grants given under Mansabdari
their quest for territorial expansion. system
2. To check French military influence. (b) Sikh confederacies
Select the correct answer using the code (c) Tax imposed by Marathas on conquered
given below. territories
(a) 1 only (d) None of the above
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 10. With reference to peasants revolts after
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 1857, consider the following statements:
1. They wanted to abolish system of
7. With reference to Tribal uprisings during the lanlordism.
british rule, consider the following 2. They did not wish to pay interest on the
statements: sums borrowed from moneylenders.
1. The tribal revolts were often led by 3. They rejected right of British to collect
religious and charismatic leaders tax on land.
promising divine intervention. Which of the statements given above is/are
2. Tribals indiscriminately attacked the correct?
outsiders Indians or British. (a) 1 and 3 only
3. They often used violence and armed (b) 2 only
resistance as method of protest. (c) 1, 2 and 3
Which of the statements given above is/are (d) None
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only 11. Consider the following statements:
(b) 3 only 1. Lord Macaulay headed the first Law
(c) 1 and 3 only commission to codify Indian Laws.
(d) 1, 2 and 3 2. Charles Wood proposed Downward
Filtration theory for the education of
8. The modern educated Indians did not Indians.
support the 1857 revolt because 3. William Bentinck tried to abolish female
(a) they believed that the British rule would Infanticide.
help India modernise. Which of the statements given above is/are
(b) they were sympathetic to the old rulers correct?
and chieftens. (a) 1 and 2 only
(c) they had faith in feudalistic society. (b) 2 only
(d) they wanted to preserve the Indian (c) 1 and 3 only
customs and traditions. (d) 1, 2 and 3
3 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
12. With reference to the revolt of 1857, which 15. With reference to revolt of 1857 which of
of the following were the religious causes of the following pair is/are correctly matched?
discontent among Indian people against the Storm Centre Leader
British rule? 1. Lucknow : Begum Hazrat
1. Rediscovery of India's past by European
Mahal
scholars.
2. Bareilly : Kunwar Singh
2. The social reform and humanitarian
measures taken by the government 3. Faizabad : Khan bahadur
3. Official policy of taxing the lands 4. Delhi : General Bakht Khan
belonging to temples and mosques Select the correct answer using code given
Select the correct answer using the code below:
given below: (a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2 and 3

16. Arrange the following events in correct


13. Which of the following statements are
correct regarding Pitt's India Act, 1784? chronological order:
1. It led to formation of Board of Control 1. Formation of Atmiya Sabha
to guide and control the work of Court 2. Formation of Brahmo Sabha.
of Directors. 3. Formation of Tatvabodhini Sabha.
2. It subordinated the Bombay and Madras Select the correct answer using the code
Presidency to Bengal in questions of given below.
war, diplomacy and revenue.
(a) 1-2-3
3. Company retained its monopoly over
(b) 2-1-3
trade in China but lost its monopoly over
trade in India except for tea. (c) 1-3-2
Select the correct answer using the code (d) 3-1-2
given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 only 17. With reference to British policies in India,
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 what is the term 'Imperial Preferences'
related to?
14. Lord Wellesley's expansion policy was (a) Preference given to certain Indian
discontinued by East India Company for industries for expanding the reach of
which of the following reasons?
their products to every corner of the
1. Expansion through war was costly and
country.
was reducing the profit of company.
2. Napoleon emerged as a major threat in (b) The extensive personal wealth amassed
Europe at that time. by British Indian Government officials
3. The Company decided to reward the which influenced domestic politics of
loyalty of the princely states. England
Select the correct answer using the code (c) Special tariff protection provided to
given below. British imports in India.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(d) Favouritism shown by British towards
(b) 2 only
princely states that support them against
(c) 1 and 3 only
the tribal and peasant revolts.
(d) 1, 2 and 3
4 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
18. With reference to the condition of 21. Which of the following statements is/are
agriculture prevailing during British Rule, correct regarding the Permanent settlement
consider the following statements:
of Bengal introduced by Lord Cornwallis?
1. Realizing the major source of revenue
from agriculture, British administration 1. Zamindars and revenue collectors were
prioritized irrigation development and made owners of the lands in their
public works department. zamindaris.
2. Inorganic fertilizers and organic manure
2. The ownership of land was made
were widely used.
3. British economic policies lead to herediatry and transferable.
subdivision and fragmentation of land. 3. The land revenue to be paid by the
Which of the statements given above is/are peasants to zamindars was fixed.
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only Select the correct answer using the code
(b) 1 and 3 only given below.
(c) 3 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
19. With reference to Santhal Uprising, which of
the following statements is/are correct? (d) 1, 2 and 3
1. Sido and Kanhu were the principal rebel
leaders. 22. Treaty of Salbai was signed between
2. The Santhals occupied the area between
(a) British and Nizam of Hyderabad
Bhagalpur and Rajmahal.
3. The uprising aimed to remove the (b) British and Marathas
outsiders and the British from the (c) British and Hyder Ali
Santhal areas. (d) British and Nawab of Awadh
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
(a) 1 only 23. With reference to civil rebellions before
(b) 1 and 2 only 1857, consider the following statements:
(c) 2 and 3 only 1. They often bore the same character
(d) 1, 2 and 3
because they represented national or
common efforts.
20. Consider the following statements with
regard to Haider Ali: 2. These rebellions were localized in their
1. He introduced the mughal administrative effects and did not put forth a collective
and revenue system. fight.
2. He introduced new system of coinage
and new scales of weights and measures 3. Their resistance was aimed at
in Mysore. establishing a new social order.
3. He established a modern arsenel in Which of the statements given above is/are
Dindigal with the help of french experts.
correct?
Which of the statement given above is/are
correct? (a) 1 and 3 only
(a) 1 only (b) 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (c) 1, 2 and 3
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) None
(d) 1, 2 and 3
5 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
24. Which of following were the demands of 27. With reference to history of India what do
19th century nationalists raised against the the terms 'Chauth and Sardeshmukhi' refer
to?
colonial pattern of finance? (a) Feudal titles given by Marathas to the
1. Abolition of Salt Tax. nobles that made them eligible for fixed
2. Reduction of land revenue. number of troops and salary.
(b) Religious tax imposed by the Mughal
3. Imposition of Income Tax on the rich. emperor on the non-believers.
Select the correct answer using code given (c) It was a tax imposed and collected by
below. Marathas in lieu of promise of non-
invasion to areas outside their control.
(a) 1 and 2 only (d) It was a land revenue tax imposed by
(b) 1 and 3 only Mughal emperor in the Deccan area.
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 28. Consider the following pairs:
Social Reformer Reforms Associated
with
25. Consider the following events during the 1. Jyotiba Phule : Started Bethune
British rule: school for girl's
education
1. Santhal rebellion 2. Dadabhai Naroji : Professed legal status
2. Indigo revolt and heritance rights
3. Mappila outbreak for Parsi women
3. Bal Shastri: Attacked Brahmanical
The correct chronological sequence of the Jambekar orthodoxy
above event is: Which of the pairs given above is/are
(a) 1-2-3 correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2-1-3 (b) 3 only
(c) 3-2-1 (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3-1-2 (d) 1, 2 and 3

29. The Mughal authorities under Aurangzeb


26. Which of the following methods were
easily pardoned East India company and
adopted by peasants during the Indigo kept granting them trading concessions
Revolt of 1859-60? because:
1. The Mughal army had grown weaker
1. Physical Resistance and attack on
and was no match for the forces of East
factories India company.
2. Non-payment of rent 2. They believed foreign trade carried by
the company would benefit Indian
3. Boycott of foreign goods
artisans.
4. Legal machinery to enforce their rights 3. English, through their strong naval
Select the correct answer using the codes presence, were capable of ruining Indian
trade and shipping.
given below.
Select the correct answer using code given
(a) 1 only below.
(b) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
6 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
30. Which of the following reasons can be 33. With reference to the impact of the British
attributed to English victory in the Battle of Rule on Indian agriculture, consider the
Plassey? following statements:
1. The Nawabs of Bengal failed to 1. British policies of Mahalwari and
understand that East India company was Ryotwari led to the development of

no mere company of traders. agriculture whereas policies of


Permanent settlement deteriorated it.
2. The Nawabs of Bengal neglected to
2. British policies increased the percentage
build a strong modern army.
of population dependent on agriculture.
3. Bengal administration failed to check the
3. Commercialization of agriculture led to
growing corruption among their
the exploitation of cultivators by money
officials.
lenders and merchants .
Which of the statements given above is/are
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct? correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3

31. With reference to the Young Bengal 34. With reference to civil rebellions during the
movement, which of the following issues british rule, Poligars were
were taken up by Derozians? (a) landlords appointed by British in South
1. Rights of women India.

2. Grievances of peasants (b) landed military magnates in South India.

3. Better treatment of Indian labours in (c) leaders of tribal revolts in central India.
(d) representatives appointed by British after
British colonies abroad.
conquest of Indian states.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
35. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly
(a) 1 and 2 only
matched?
(b) 1 only
State in 18th State founder
(c) 1 and 3 only
century
(d) 2 and 3 only 1. Mysore : Hyder ali
2. Bengal : Aliwardi Khan
32. Dual Government was established in Bengal 3. Awadh : Sadat Khan
as an immediate effect of which of the Select the correct answer using the code
following event ? given below.
(a) Battle of Plassey (a) 1 and 3 only
(b) Third Carnatic War (b) 1 and 2 only
(c) Battle of Buxar (c) 3 only
(d) Regulating Act, 1773 (d) 1, 2 and 3
7 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
36. Which of the following locations have 39. Consider the following statements with
astronomical observatories built by Raja regard to Tipu Sultan:
1. He planted "Tree of liberty" at
Sawai Jai Singh?
Srirangpattanam.
1. Delhi
2. He was a member of Jacobin Club of
2. Jaipur France.
3. Ujjain 3. He organised his army on European
4. Jaisalmer lines.
Which of the statements given above is/are
Select the correct answer using code given
correct?
below.
(a) 1only
(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1, 2 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 4 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
40. Which of the following statements is/are
correct regarding the introduction of
37. Which one of the following statements is Railways during British India?
correct regarding modern industries during 1. Private contractors who built the
British era? railways during British were offered
guaranteed return.
(a) Most of the industries were owned by
2. Railways were built predominantely by
big Indian capitalists.
capital provided by Indian investors.
(b) Industrialization led to poverty Select the correct answer using the code
alleviation. given below.
(c) Initially the industrial progress was (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
confined to cotton and jute.
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) All are correct.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

38. Consider the following pairs: 41. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly
Civil Rebellions Region matched?
1. Sanyasi Rebellion : Bengal War Outcome
1. Second Afghan war Treaty of Gandamak
2. Bhil Uprising : Maharashtra
2. First Burmese war Treaty of Yandobo
3. Chuar Uprising : Punjab
3. Third Burmese war Burma won its
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly independence
matched? Select the correct answer using the code
(a) 2 only given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) None of the above
8 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
42. Consider the following pairs: 45. With reference to the socio cultural
Reform movement Region awakening in India in the 19th century,
consider the following statements:
1. Prarthana Samaj : Maharashtra
1. It was a result of influence of modern
2. Arya Samaj : Punjab
western culture.
3. Brahmo Samaj : Bengal 2. It was a result of the realization of the
Which of the pairs given above is/are weaknesses in Indian social structure
correctly matched? and culture.
Which of the statements given above is/are
(a) 1 and 3 only
correct?
(b) 1 and 2 only
(a) 1 only
(c) 3 only (b) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
43. Who among the following supported the
46. With reference nationalist critique of 19th
British during the revolt of 1857?
century colonial India, which of the
1. Nizam of Hyderabad
following statements is/are correct?
2. Scindia of Gwalior 1. Foreign capital investment was seen as a
3. Kunwar Singh of Jagdishpur tool for political subjugation.
Select the correct answer using the code 2. Modern technology and capitalist
enterprise were seen as colonial
given below.
measures to exploit the poor.
(a) 1 only Select the correct answer using code given
(b) 2 and 3 only below.
(c) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
44. With reference to Dadabhai Naoroji, which
of the following statements is/are correct? 47. With reference to Forest policy of British in
1. He is referred to as the "The Grand Old India, consider the following statements:
Man of India". 1. British encouraged shifting cultivation,
2. As the president of Lahore session of which is practiced even today in some
tribal areas.
Indian National Congress in 1905, he
2. It transformed the relationship of tribals
laid down the goal of Self Government with the forests, placing restrictions on
or Swaraj. access to forest products and forest
Select the correct answer using code given lands.
below. Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
9 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
48. Which of the following was the most 51. With reference to agrarian unrest in Pabna
important contributions of early nationalists district in 1870s, consider the following
statements:
in 19th century India?
1. For the first time peasants demanded
(a) Politics of petitions
uprooting of Zamindari System.
(b) Constitutional means of struggle 2. It was a violent uprising in which many
(c) Agitations in public zamindars were killed.
(d) Economic critique of colonialism 3. The Government promised to undertake
legislation to protect the tenants from
zamindari oppression.
49. Consider the following statements:
Which of the statements given above is/are
1. Gopal Hari Deshmukh 'Lokhitawadi' correct ?
advocated the principle of rationality and (a) 1 and 2 only
secularism. (b) 3 only
2. Satya Prakash started by Karsondas (c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Mulji advocated against caste rigidities.
Which of the statements given above is/are
52. Consider the following statements regarding
correct? the socio religious reform movements:
(a) 1 only 1. The social base of the reform
(b) 2 only movements was the newly emerging
middle class.
(c) Both 1 and 2
2. The Indian reformers focussed on
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
westernization rather than
modernization.
50. Which among the following factors helped Which of the statements given above is/are
expansion of East India Company in south correct?
Indian peninsula? (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
1. Declining control of Mughal Empire
(c) Both 1 and 2
after death of Aurangzeb.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
2. The regular raids by the Maratha chiefs
in south weakened the area economically 53. During the revolt of 1857, as the mutiny
and politically. broke out, sepoys started converging to
3. French army helped the English East Delhi. Which of the following is the correct
reason behind that?
India Company to Invade Mysore and
(a) Delhi was the capital of British India and
Hyderabad. thus represented a power symbol.
Select the correct answer using the code (b) Delhi was a major city near to rebel
given below. towns.
(a) 1 and 2 only (c) Delhi was continuous capital for
imperial powers in India from the time
(b) 2 only
of Delhi Sultanate.
(c) 1 and 3 only (d) Delhi was the seat of Mughal emperor
(d) 1, 2 and 3 and thus represented an Indian power.
10 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
54. Consider the following statements with 57. Which of the following acts made provisions
reference to British administration in first to grant permission to the Christian
half of 19th Century:
Missionaries for the propagation of religion
1. As British envisaged Rule of Law,
in India?
corruption was minimal among lower
officials. (a) Pitts India Act of 1784
2. In the absence of any major revolt, (b) Charter Act of 1813
Police was committed to safeguarding (c) Charter Act of 1833
people's interest.
(d) Charter Act of 1853
3. The new courts and legal system was
very expensive which aided rich to
oppress the poor. 58. With reference to the contribution of 19th
Which of the statements given above is/are century nationalist in the freedom struggle of
correct? India, which of the following statements
(a) 1 only
is/are correct?
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only 1. A.C.Dutt called British Colonialism as
(d) 1, 2 and 3 "White man's Burden".
2. Sachidanand Sinha made "the drain" as
55. Which of the following nationalist leaders the major theme of his book The
were associated with the Indian Association?
Economic History Of India's
1. Surendranath Banerjee
Select the correct answer using code given
2. Anand Mohan Bose
3. Dwarkanath Ganguli below.
Select the correct answer using the codes (a) 1 only
given below. (b) 2 only
(a) 1 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only (d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) 1, 2 and 3
59. With reference to the Revolt of 1857,
56. Consider the following pairs: consider the following statements:
Reform Associated Leader 1. The sepoys from all over the India
Movement
participated in the revolt.
1. Brahmo Samaj : Keshub Chandra
Sen 2. The revolt was accompanied by the
2. Prarthana Samaj : Viresalingam rebellion of civil population.
3. Paramahans : Gopal Ganesh 3. The revolt was an organized and
Mandali Agarkar methodically planned action.
4. Arya Samaj : Swami
Which of the statements given above is/are
Shradhananda
Which of the pairs given above are correctly correct?
matched ? (a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 only
(b) 1 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 2 and 4 only
11 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
60. Consider the following conditions faced by 63. Which of the following is/are the outcomes
Modern Indian Industries: of war between british india and Nepal in
1. Though Government credit policy was 1814 ?
contradictory to empowerment of Indian
1. Nepal abandoned it's claim on Sikkim
Industries, it maintained favorable
areas.
outlook towards heavy and capital goods
2. The Gurkhas became part of Indian
industry.
army.
2. Promotion of Railways was done with
the intention of fuelling indigenous Select the correct answer using the code
economic growth and reducing given below:
resentment among Indian masses. (a) 1 only
Which of the statements given above is/are (b) 2 only
correct? (c) Both 1 and 2
(a) 1 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
64. Consider the following pairs:
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Policy Introduced by

61. Consider the following statements with 1. Dual system of: Robert Clive

regard to land revenue settlement during the administration of


british rule: Bengal
1. In zamindari system, gradually 2. Subsidiary Alliance : Lord Hastings
cultivators were reduced to tenants, 3. Doctrine of Lapse : Lord Dalhousie
share-croppers and landless labourers. Which of the pairs given above is/are
2. In Mahalwari system the government
correctly matched?
directly collected revenue from peasants.
(a) 1 and 3 only
Which of the statements given above is/are
(b) 2 and 3 only
correct?
(a) 1 only (c) 2 only

(b) 2 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 65. The British tried to bring which of the
following social reforms by lawful means?
62. Which among the following most 1. Abolition of practice of sati.
appropriately describes the term dikus? 2. Remarriage of hindu widows.
(a) They were the money lenders in tribal
3. Prohibition of female infanticide.
areas.
Select the correct answer using the code
(b) They were the leaders of tribal revolts in
given below.
central India.
(c) They were elected Village headman (a) 1 and 2 only

from tribal community. (b) 1 only


(d) It was a common term for all outsiders (c) 2 and 3 only
in tribals areas. (d) 1, 2 and 3
12 www.visionias.in Vision IAS
66. The Indian National Congress did not take 69. Which of the following events supported the
up social issues till 1917 due to which of the establishment of powerful kingdom in
following reasons? Punjab at the end of the 18th century?
1. Political unity was seen to be more
1. The invasion of Nadir shah and Ahamad
important than social reforms till then.
shah Abdali.
2. Social issues were not widely prevailing
till then. 2. The weakening of Mughal Empire.
3. Representation of depressed classes in 3. The defeat of marathas in the 3rd battle
congress was less till then. of Panipat.
Select the correct answer using the codes Select the correct answer using the code
given below. given below.
(a) 1 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

67. Consider the following statements regarding


the 'equality before law' concept introduced 70. Which one of the following is the correct
by the British in 19th century in India: chronological order of the battle fought in
1. It meant a Shudra and a Brahmin were India in the 18th Century?
awarded equal punishment for the same (a) Battle of Wandiwash - Battle of Buxar -
crime.
Battle of Plassey.
2. It also meant Europeans and Indians
(b) Battle of Plassey - Battle of Wandiwash
were equal in the eyes of the laws that
are enforced over British India. - Battle of Buxar.
Which of the statements given above is/are (c) Battle of Wandiwash - Battle of Plassey
correct? - Battle of Buxar.
(a) 1 only (d) Battle of Buxar - Battle of Wandiwash -
(b) 2 only Battle of Plassey.
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 and 2
71. With reference to temple entry movement in
Kerala, consider the following statements:
68. Which of the following events shattered the
1. Gandhiji took a tour in Kerala in support
general belief of invincibility of British and
encouraged to revolt against British in 1857? of this movement.
1. French Revolution 2. Many higher caste Hindus' organization
2. First Afghan war supported temple entry movement in
3. Crimean War Kerala.
4. Boer wars Which of the statements given above is/are
Select the correct answer using code given
correct?
below:
(a) 1 only
(a) 3 only
(b) 2 and 3 only (b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 4 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
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72. Free trade with Britain led to de- 75. Which of the following was the major
industrialisation of India due to which of the consequence of Third battle of Panipat?
following reasons?
(a) It cleared the way for the rise of British
1. Free trade was only one sided as indian
goods were charged heavy levies in power in India.
Britain. (b) Ahmad shah Abdali established firm
2. Indian hand made goods were at
control over North west India
disadvantage in competing with machine
based British goods. (c) Tipu Sultan became the rising power in
3. Indian goods were never popular in South India.
western market and Indian weavers had (d) It cleared the way for the re-rise of
thrived only on Indian market.
Mughal Empire.
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
(a) 1 only 76. The establishment of Hyderabad in 1724 by
(b) 2 and 3 only Nizam-ul-Mulk marked the
(c) 1 and 2 only
(a) increasing influence of Mughal Emperor
(d) 1, 2 and 3
in South India
73. With reference to Nadir shah's invasion (b) beginning of physical break up of
during Mughal period, consider the Mughal Empire.
following statements:
(c) delegation of administrative authority to
1. Nadir Shah's invasion and plunder of
Delhi paved way for Marathas and local noble.
foreign trading companies to Delhi. (d) shift of power center from North India to
2. He invaded Delhi during the reign on
South India.
Muhammad Shah.
3. He carried away the famous Koh-i-Noor
diamond and Peacock throne of 77. With reference to the infrastructural
Shahjahan. developments in colonial cities arrange the
Which of the statements given above is/are
following in chronological order:
correct?
1. Railway from Bombay to Thane
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only 2. Establishment of Tata Iron and Steel
(c) 2 and 3 only Company at Jamshedpur
(d) 1, 2 and 3
3. Set up of a Supreme Court in Calcutta

74. Who among the following Europeans were Select the correct answer using the code
the last to come to pre independence India as given below.
traders? (a) 1-2-3
(a) Dutch
(b) 2-1-3
(b) English
(c) French (c) 1-3-2
(d) Portuguese (d) 3-1-2
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78. Which of the following factors was/were 81. Which of the following was the immediate
responsible for tribal uprising during the religious cause of revolt of 1857?
british rule? (a) The abolition of custom of sati
1. British introduced a new system of land (b) The legalization of widow remarriage
revenue and taxation. (c) Introduction of Enfield rifle
2. Influx of Christian missionaries into the (d) Opening of western education to girls
tribal areas.
3. British introduced moneylenders, traders 82. Which of the following statements is correct
and revenue farmers as middlemen regarding the Lex Loci Act of 1850?
among the tribals. (a) It prohibited child marriage below the
Select the correct answer using the code age of 14.
given below. (b) It extended the prohibition of Sati across
(a) 1 and 3 only all over British India.
(b) 2 and 3 only (c) It provided right to inherit ancestral
(c) 2 only property to Hindu converts to
(d) 1, 2 and 3 Christianity.
(d) It granted the legal recognition to
79. With reference to late Mughal period, who widow's marriage.
among the following were known as "King
Makers"? 83. Who among the following coined the slogan
(a) Abdullah Khan and Husain Ali Khan One Religion, One caste and One god for the
(b) Shahuji Maharaj and Shambhuji mankind's ?
Maharaj (a) Sri Narayan Guru
(c) Nizam-ul-Mulk (b) B.R. Ambedkar
(d) Muhammad Amin Khan and (c) Mahatma Gandhi
Muhammed Shah (d) Jyotiba Phule

80. With reference to Subsidiary Alliance during 84. Which of the following was/were the
the company's rule, consider the following changes brought in the field of
statements: administration in the aftermath of Sepoy
1. Under the system the ruler of Indian mutiny ?
state was compelled to accept permanent 1. Company Rule was put to end, power to
stationing of a British force. govern India was transferred to British
2. Under this system, British promised not Crown.
to interfere in the internal affairs of the 2. Governor General was given the title of
state. Viceroy of India.
3. Indian states were not allowed to employ 3. The post of Secretary of state was
any European without the approval of created who was a member of British
British. cabinet.
Which of the statements given above is/are Select the correct answer using the code
correct? given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only (b) 1 only
(c) 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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85. Which of the following factors led to 88. Consider the following statements:
emergence of Permanent Settlement in 1. Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikh
Bengal? Religion.
1. Need for stability in revenue collection. 2. Transformation of Sikhs into a militant,
2. Expectation that it would lead to fighting community began under the
investment in land by zamindars. leadership of Guru Hargobind.
3. Need for political allies in form of 3. Guru Gobind Singh was a contemporary
zamindars. of Aurangzeb and fought against him.
Select the correct answer using the code Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
given below.
(a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

89. With reference to rebellions against British,


86. The sepoys during the revolt of 1857
consider the following statements:
proclaimed Bahadur shah as their leader
1. There was no major armed rebellion
because:
before 1857.
1. To give a positive political meaning to
2. The scholarly and priestly class often
the revolt. incited the rebellion against the British
2. Bahadur shah, being the Mughal rule.
emperor, was very powerful and active Which of the statements given above is/are
against British. correct?
Select the correct answer using the code (a) 1 only
given below. (b) 2 only
(a) 1 only (c) Both 1 and 2
(b) 2 only (d) Neither 1 nor 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 90. The West European States and Merchants
began to search for new and safer sea routes
87. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was associated to India and Spice Islands of Indonesia in
with which of the following? 15th century because of
1. Legalizing widow remarriage. 1. Turkish control of trading routes
2. Opposing polygamy. 2. Monopoly of merchants of Venice and
3. Advocating higher education of women. Genoa over trade between Europe and
4. Opposing child marriage. Asia.
Select the correct answer using the code Select the correct answer using the code

given below. given below.


(a) 1 only
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
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91. With reference to royal farman issued by 94. The aim of British colonism in India in 19th
Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyyar to British century was to
East India Company in 1717, consider the (a) transform India into modern industrial
following statements: colony.
1. It allowed British East India Company to (b) transform India into a supplier of raw
import and export their goods in Bengal
material to British Empire.
without paying taxes.
(c) make British Empire as a market for the
2. British East India Company was allowed
investment of Indian Capital.
to issue dastaks for movement of goods.
(d) make other British Colonies as a market
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct? for the investment of Indian Capital.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only 95. Which of the following was/were the reasons
(c) Both 1 and 2 for the ruins of Indian Handicraft industry
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 under British rule?
1. Disappearance of princes, chieftains, and
92. Consider the following statements regarding zamindars as their patrons.
consequences of Battle of Plassey: 2. Levy of discriminatory tariffs against
1. Mir Qasim was made Nawab of Bengal British goods in India.
by the British. 3. Promotion of Railways
2. British East India Company was granted
Select the correct answer using the code
undisputed right to free trade in Bengal,
given below.
Bihar and Orissa.
(a) 1 and 3 only
3. Company received zamidari rights of
(b) 1 only
Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are (c) 2 and 3 only
correct? (d) 1, 2 and 3
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only 96. Through the 'Treaty of Lahore', British
(c) 1 and 3 only gained full control over Punjab. Which of
(d) 1, 2 and 3 the following is/are the reasons for the defeat
of Punjab?
93. Which of the following was/were the reasons 1. The Punjab army was very indisciplined.
for success of Indigo Revolt in 1859-60? 2. Some important leaders from Punjab
1. Hindu Muslim unity among ryots. turned traitors.
2. Support of intelligentsia of Bengal.
3. Absence of any unity among Hindus,
3. Cooperation and discipline among the
Muslims and Sikh during war time.
ryots.
Select the correct answer using the code
Select the correct answer using the code
given below.
given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only (a) 1 only
(b) 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only (c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
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97. Which of the following were the causes of 99. The Maratha power suffered from certain
discontent among sepoys with reference to basic weaknesses which lead to its downfall.
1857 revolt?
Which of the following is not among the
1. Sepoys were often treated with contempt
by their British officers. weaknesses?
2. Military forbade them from observing (a) They failed to give good administration
their caste rules.
outside Maharashtra.
3. The sepoys neither had economic
security nor did they enjoy high prestige (b) Their raids into the territories of other
in the society. rulers made new enemies.
Select the correct answer using the code
(c) Internal conflict amongst Maratha
given below.
(a) 1 only sardars.
(b) 1 and 2 only (d) All of the above were weaknesses.
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
100. With reference to Mughal rule, what does
the term Jizyah refers to?
98. Sepoys of 1857 revolt turned to aristocrats
and feudal chiefs for leadership because : (a) a pilgrimage tax imposed by Mughal
(a) this class suffered at the hands of British emperors
and was in intense opposition to British
(b) an unit of land measurement
Rule
(b) there were very few leaders from their (c) an tax imposed on annual income of non
own ranks among the sepoys muslims
(c) they were traditional leaders of indian (d) a title given to revenue collecting
society
officers
(d) all the above

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