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I.

Causative Form (have something done)


Ns usamos o have something done para dizer que ns conseguimos, arranjamos ou pedi-
mos para algum fazer algo para ns. Ou seja, a ao recai sobre ns, mas ela no foi rea-
lizada por ns. Em portugus no muito comum utilizarmos essa expresso, pois dizemos
que fizemos algo mesmo sem termos feito. Um exemplo quando algum diz: eu cortei
meu cabelo ontem, ficou bonito?. Na verdade, no foi a prpria pessoa que cortou o cabe-
lo, mas uma outra pessoa. Da mesma forma : eu fui consertar meu carro. No foi voc
mesmo que consertou, mas algum da oficina consertou para voc. Em ingls precisamos
prestar ateno neste tipo de orao. O tempo verbal pode ser qualquer um.

A ordem da estrutura a ser usada have + object + past participle.


Ex.: I had my hair cut yesterday.
Ex.: I have my car fixed recently.
Ex.: He will have his house painted tomorrow.

Alm do have, podemos usar o get something done.


A ordem da estrutura a ser usada get + object + past participle.
Ex.: I am getting my PC repaired this weekend, therefore I cant help you.
Ex.: John will get his boat delivered nest week

Entretanto quando falamos que algo aconteceu conosco sem que a gente pedisse, no po-
demos usar o get something done. Neste caso devemos usar apenas o have something
done.
Ex.: Paul and Karen had their bags stolen while they were traveling.
Ex.: Gary had his nose broken in a fight.
Ex.: Have you ever had your bike stolen?

At agora usamos apenas um objeto depois do have ou get. Entretanto, podemos usar
tambm o sujeito que est realizando a ao depois do have e get, mas o prximo verbo
deve ficar na sua forma original ao invs de ir para o simple past.

Se usarmos o have a ordem da estrutura a ser usada have + agent + bare infinitive +
object. Se usarmos o get a ordem da estrutura a ser usada get + agent + infinitive with
to + object.
Ex.: He had Carl do his homework. (He had his homework done)
Ex.: She got her mother to paint her nails. (She got her nails painted)
Ex.: My mom got me to carry her luggage.

Podemos usar alguns outros verbos alm do have e get. Entretanto, para esses casos mos-
tramos apenas o sujeito que realiza ao e o verbo fica no bare infinitive. Esses verbos po-
dem ser make (quando usado significa que o agente foi forado a realizar a ao), help
(ajudar algum a fazer algo) e let ou allow (dar permisso para algo).
Ex.: My mother made me eat everything.
Ex.: My sister helped her boyfriend play chess.
Ex.: His father let him sleep in his friends house.
Ex.: His father allowed him to sleep in his friends house.

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Exerccios

1. (EFOMM) Choose the correct option.


Im going to have the car ________ tomorrow morning.
a) repaired
b) repairs
c) repair
d) repairing
e) is repairing

2. (EFOMM) The mechanic _______ the truck.


a) got me fix to
b) got me fix
c) got me to fix to
d) to get me fix
e) got me to fix

3. (IME) Tomorrow Im going to __________ at the hairdressers.


a) have cut my hair
b) have cutting my hair
c) cutting my hair
d) have my hair cut
e) my haircut
4. (JFS) Read the following dialogue:
"This floor is very dirty, Ferdinand. It needs sweeping."
"Yes, sir. Dont worry. I will tell someone to do it at once."
The underlined sentence is equivalent in meaning to:
a) I will clean it by myself.
b) someone should have cleaned.
c) I will have it done.
d) you should clean it.
e) I will get him to do it.

5. (PUC) Assinale a letra correspondente alternativa que preenche


corretamente as lacunas da frase apresentada:
"Hi, Jane!"
"Hi, Susan. How have you been?"
"Oh, just fine. What have you done? You look so different!"
"Me? Different? I don't know."
"Maybe it's your hair."
"Oh, that maybe __________."
"It looks quite nice."
"Thank you. Well, I've got to go. See you around."
"See you. Bye."
a) I'm cutting my hair
b) I just cut your hair
c) I'm going to have a haircut
d) You had a haircut
e) I just had my hair cut

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6. (MACKENZIE) Choose the correct alternative to complete the following sentence:
Since I haven't got __________, I will __________.
a) enough time have the cake made
b) time enough get someone to make the cake
c) enough time bake the cake myself
d) any time make the cake
e) time enough ask somebody to bake the cake

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