The performances of venturimeters with different throat diameter ratios have been evaluated experimentally and their influence on discharge coefficient for Reynolds number are studied. The experiments are conducted using water as working fluid for incompressible flow situation. The effects of locations of elbows at different upstream distances from venturimeter are investigated. Five different beta ratio (0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) venturimeters are considered. The upstream distance from the elbow to the venturimeter of 1D, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D, 16D, and 20D are considered during the experimentation. From the study, it is seen that the discharge coefficient of a venturimeter is nearly independent of Reynolds number. The values of the discharge coefficient and Reynolds number are affected by the upstream length when the upstream length is of 1D & 2D.

© All Rights Reserved

334 visualizações

The performances of venturimeters with different throat diameter ratios have been evaluated experimentally and their influence on discharge coefficient for Reynolds number are studied. The experiments are conducted using water as working fluid for incompressible flow situation. The effects of locations of elbows at different upstream distances from venturimeter are investigated. Five different beta ratio (0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) venturimeters are considered. The upstream distance from the elbow to the venturimeter of 1D, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D, 16D, and 20D are considered during the experimentation. From the study, it is seen that the discharge coefficient of a venturimeter is nearly independent of Reynolds number. The values of the discharge coefficient and Reynolds number are affected by the upstream length when the upstream length is of 1D & 2D.

© All Rights Reserved

- Piping Training RevD
- Lab 4(Flowmeter Demonstration)
- 3326_orig
- Anderson Greenwood LCP Series
- 5_2017_07_30!01_39_27_PM
- Tutorial Sheet 7
- Elbow Taps Flowmeter
- Eaton Flow
- 1020
- IFFS 2012 Lawrence
- Crane Fs Project Valves Low Res
- Instrumentation QA
- Presion2.pdf
- Cn Valve Sizing Catalog Gea31796 English
- ISA RP3.2-1960 Flange mounted sharp edged orifice plate for flow measurement.pdf
- Planes API
- 47 Instrumentation Interview Questions and Answers
- review
- Transport Pt878 Portable Liquid Ultrasonic Flowmeter Brochure English
- jresv9n1p61_A2b.pdf

Você está na página 1de 4

Discharge of Venturimeter

M.D.Kulkarni1 P.L.Puthani2 S.V.Hiremath3

1,2,3

Assistant Professor

1,2,3

Department of Mechanical Engineering

1,2,3

BLDEAs V P Dr. P. G. H. College of Engineering & Tech., Vijayapur 586 103, India

Abstract The performances of venturimeters with different is a gradually diverging pipe with its cross sectional area

throat diameter ratios have been evaluated experimentally increasing from that of the throat to the original size of the

and their influence on discharge coefficient for Reynolds pipe.

number are studied. The experiments are conducted using

water as working fluid for incompressible flow situation. The

effects of locations of elbows at different upstream distances

from venturimeter are investigated. Five different beta ratio

(0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) venturimeters are considered. The

upstream distance from the elbow to the venturimeter of 1D,

2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D, 16D, and 20D are considered

during the experimentation. From the study, it is seen that the

discharge coefficient of a venturimeter is nearly independent

of Reynolds number. The values of the discharge coefficient Fig. 1: Schematic representation of a Venturimeter

and Reynolds number are affected by the upstream length

when the upstream length is of 1D & 2D.

Key words: Venturimeters, Flow through Elbows, Discharge

Coefficient, Reynolds Number

NOMENCLATURE

Qact: Actual Discharge

Qth: Theoretical Discharge

Fig. 2: U-tube Manometer

Cd: Co-efficient of Discharge Dr. George Mattingly and Dr. T.T. Yeh (1993),

D: Diameter of pipe performed installation effects on a typical orifice plate flow

d: Throat diameter meter. This was part of a government-industry consortium to

A1: Cross section area of pipe study such effects. The N.I.S.T. tests included three orifice

A2: Cross section area of throat plates in a 50 mm line. The Beta ratios tested were 0.363,

V: Volume of water collected 0.5 and 0.75. Flange connections were weld-neck flanges.

g: Acceleration due to gravity The test fluid was water. Flow criteria for these tests were

h: Manometer Difference the same as the Micrometer tests. The positions of the

t: Time orifice plate to the elbows were similar to the Micrometer

tests. Single elbow effects on the V-Cone. The orifice plate

I. INTRODUCTION showed significant effects from the single elbow. The

maximum effect of the elbow (at 3D with b=0.750). Stephen

Venturimeter is a device used for measuring the rate of flow

A. Ifft and Eric d. Mikkelsen (1993), had worked on the

of a fluid through a pipe. The basic principle on which a

elbow effects on the performance of V-Cone flow meter.

venturimeter works is by reducing the cross sectional area of

Mc.Crometer introduced the V-Cone flow meter in 1986 as

the flow of passage, a pressure difference is created and the

an alternative to traditional differential pressure flow meters.

measurement of the pressure difference enables the

The Mc.Crometer tests included three 50 mm V-Cone flow

determination of the discharge through a pipe. It contains a

meters with beta ratios of 0.363, 0.65 and 0.75. Beta ratios

converging section which gives an increase in the flow

for V-Cones represent the same area ratio that standard

velocity and a corresponding pressure drop.

orifice plate beta ratios represent. The meter was first placed

The venturimeter consists of three main parts viz.

at a maximum distance from the elbows. The data taken at

Converging part this point was the baseline data for the particular meter. In

Throat this position the meter was 190 D away from the elbows.

Diverging part Each meter was then moved in intervals closer to the

The inlet section of the venturimeter is of the same elbows. Six different positions relative to the elbows were

diameter as that of the pipe, which is followed by a tested. The positions were approximately 23D, 9D and 2 D

convergent cone. The convergent cone is a short pipe, which away from the elbows. At each position, each meter was

tapers from the original size of the pipe to that of the throat tested at five flow rates covering the range stated above. At

of the venturimeter. The throat of the venturimeter is a short each flow rate a repeat point was taken for verification. Thus

parallel-sided tube having uniform cross sectional area for each position, a total of ten test points were taken. These

smaller than that of the pipe. The minimum cross section ten points were then averaged. Colter L.Hollingshead (2011)

diameter is called throat. The divergent cone of venturimeter

Experimental Investigation of Influence of Pipe Elbowon Coefficient of Discharge of Venturimeter

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/125)

investigated the relationship between the Reynolds number collecting 40 cm of water. The calibration curves for the

(Re) and discharge coefficients(C) through differential five different venturimeters are drawn for coefficient of

pressure flow meters. The focus of the study was directed discharge vs. Reynolds number.

toward very small Reynolds numbers commonly associated

with pipeline transportation of viscous fluids. There is

currently a relatively small amount of research that has been

performed in this area for the venturi, standard orifice plate,

V-cone, and wedge flow meters.

The designed and fabricated different beta ratio (d/D = 0.2,

0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6) venturimeters are calibrated with water.

Here the convergent side of the venturimeter is connected to

the upstream length and 90elbow is connected to the inlet

valve and the divergent side is connected to the gate valve Fig. 4: Photography of Manufactured Five Different Beta

and collecting tank. The pressure taps of convergent and Ratio Venturimeters.

throats are connected to simple U-tube mercury manometer.

In the divergent side, the gate valve is fixed through which

the flow is controlled. When the gate valve is in closed

position the mercury level in the manometer is in balanced

condition. Then the gate valve is open gradually till the

required deflection occurs in manometer. The stop watch is

used to measure the time required to collect the 40cm of

water. Adjust the discharge and note down the pressure

difference h to calculate the theoretical discharge Qth and

determine the actual discharge Qact. Calculate the coefficient

of discharge Cd.

Fig. 5: Photography of Nine different upstream pipe lengths.

The experimental investigation carried out to study the

discharge coefficients, focused on five different types of

venturimeters with varying beta ratios with 90 elbow is

considered with different experimental set-ups. The

venturimeters are manufactured for five different

geometries to determine the significant effect on the

discharge coefficients of venturimeter. The experiment is

done for five different venturimeters having the beta ratio of

0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 for a 1 inch pipeline with nine

Fig. 3: Schematic Diagram of the Experimental setup with different upstream lengths (1D, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D,

90 Elbow 16D, and 20D) are used and calculated the actual water flow

The actual discharge (Qact) is calculated by the rate, theoretical flow rate, coefficient of discharge and

following eq Reynolds number.

V

Qact = t

The theoretical discharge (Qth) is given by

A1 A 2 2 gh

2 2

A1 A 2

Qth =

Q a ct

Cd=

Q th

The experimentation is continued for different

deflections and start with minimum deflection to the

maximum (15mm to 300mm), simultaneously the collecting

time is recorded. Changing the upstream length and

Fig. 6: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.2

repeating the same procedure for the nine different upstream

lengths (1D, 2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D, 16D and 20D). The

experiment is repeated for five different beta ratio

venturimeters, for each beta ratio nine different upstream

lengths set-up has made and calculated the actual water flow

rate, theoretical flow rate and coefficient of discharge for

Experimental Investigation of Influence of Pipe Elbowon Coefficient of Discharge of Venturimeter

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/125)

Fig. 12: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.5

Fig. 13: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.6

length on coefficient of discharge if the upstream length is

placed at 1D, 2D and 3D as shown in Figures. However,

discharge coefficient Cd remains non-linear and varies with

Reynolds number and Beta ratio. This may be due to effect

of elbow results in boundary layer separation which leads to

turbulence.

As the upstream length increases the flow once

again stabilizes.

Fig. 9: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.3

IV. CONCLUSIONS

The experimental investigation is performed to study

the Influence of pipe elbow on coefficient of

discharge of venturimeter. The experiment is conducted

for 90 elbow using water for five different beta ratios

venturimeters and varying the upstream length by elbow.

Graphs are plotted for coefficient of discharge (Cd)

versus Reynolds number (Re). It is found that Cd is

having a positive non-linear relationship with all five

different beta ratios.

Co-efficient of discharge (Cd) increases with increase

Fig. 10: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.3 in Reynolds number.

Co-efficient of discharge (Cd) is increased for beta

ratios 0.2 and 0.3 and, is decreased for beta ratios 0.4,

0.5 and 0.6.

Reynolds numbers are small for beta ratio of 0.2 and

0.3 and large for beta ratio of 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6.

The discharge coefficient is increasing for the distance

2D, 3D, 4D, 5D, 8D, 12D, 16D, 20D.

It is found that there is an influence of upstream length

on coefficient of discharge if the upstream length is

placed at 1D or 2D. Therefore there is a variation of

results for different beta ratios.

Fig. 11: Cd V/s Re with Beta ratio 0.4

Experimental Investigation of Influence of Pipe Elbowon Coefficient of Discharge of Venturimeter

(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/125)

REFERENCES

[1] Colter L. Hollingshead Discharge Coefficient

Performance of Venturi, Standard Concentric Orifice

Plate, V-Cone, and Wedge Flow Meters at Small

Reynolds Numbers (2011). All Graduate Theses and

Dissertations. Paper 869 Utah State University Logan,

Utah 2011.

[2] Britton, C. Stark, S., 1986. New data for the quadrant

edge orifice, CEESI, Nunn, Colorado.

http://www.ceesi.com/docs_library/publications/12_Ne

w_Data_Quadrant Edged_Orifice.pdf (accessed Feb.

23, 2010).

[3] Dr. George Mattingly and Dr. T.T. Yeh of the Fluid

Flow group of the N.I.S.T. in Gaithersburg, Presented at

ASME Fluids Engineering Conference 1993,

Washington, D.C. Maryland performed installation

effects on a Typical Orifice Plate Flow Meter.

[4] Singh, S., Seshadri, V., Singh, R., Gawhade R., 2006.

Effect of upstream flow disturbances on the

performance characteristics of a V-cone flow meter. J.

Flow Meas. Instrum., 17:5, 291-297.

[5] Stephen a. Ifft and Eric d. Mikkelsen (1993) Presented

at ASME Fluids Engineering Conference 1993,

Washington, D.C.H as worked on the elbow effects on

the performance of v cone flow meter.

[6] Mohamed Aichouni, Boualem Laribi, Noureddine

Retiel, Samir Houat, Dris Nehari and Soraya

Benchicou. Experimental Investigation of the

Installation Effects on the Venturi Flow Meter

Performance. 2000 ASME Fluids Engineering

Conference June 11-15, 2000, Boston, USA.

- Piping Training RevDEnviado porRajeshSekar
- Lab 4(Flowmeter Demonstration)Enviado porMuhamad Baihakhi Shamsudin
- 3326_origEnviado porCarlos Ramos
- Anderson Greenwood LCP SeriesEnviado porHafzi
- 5_2017_07_30!01_39_27_PMEnviado porAshish Patel
- Tutorial Sheet 7Enviado porAmyRapa
- Elbow Taps FlowmeterEnviado porshahbazalam4a5
- Eaton FlowEnviado porIvanZavaleta
- 1020Enviado poreeng_nnabil
- IFFS 2012 LawrenceEnviado porPhilip A Lawrence C.Eng. F. Inst M.C.
- Crane Fs Project Valves Low ResEnviado porbudi Dharma
- Instrumentation QAEnviado porBruno Megam K
- Presion2.pdfEnviado porVictorAndres
- Cn Valve Sizing Catalog Gea31796 EnglishEnviado porEnrico Gambini
- ISA RP3.2-1960 Flange mounted sharp edged orifice plate for flow measurement.pdfEnviado poramshah
- Planes APIEnviado porjvillarro7
- 47 Instrumentation Interview Questions and AnswersEnviado porKalidass Back
- reviewEnviado porkarlobrondial
- Transport Pt878 Portable Liquid Ultrasonic Flowmeter Brochure EnglishEnviado porHammad Ashraf
- jresv9n1p61_A2b.pdfEnviado porjgarcia388
- annamalai2016.pdfEnviado porVishwanath Hunagund
- Upstream Penetration Behavior of the Developed Counte 2018 International JouEnviado porEduardoEnriqueCastellanos
- 11721819Enviado porcoolmaga
- 10470036Enviado porMax
- PaperEnviado porfredpinto
- AEI405Enviado porapi-26787131
- Paper Encit2012 0237Enviado porJonathas Assunção de Castro
- G-2Enviado porkrishan
- 1Hydraulics - IncEnviado porSpencer Quiachon
- doc007Enviado porInggit Prillasari

- Review of Nature Inspired Technique for Minimize Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor NetworksEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Bird Strike Analysis on Single Piece WindshieldEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Sensorless Speed Control of Brushless DC motor Using Back EMF ObserverEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Design of Vehicle positioning System Based on ARMEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Synthesis and Characterization of Sisal & Hemp Fiber Reinforced Hybrid CompositesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Analysis of Friction and Lubrication Conditions of Concrete/Formwork InterfacesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Utilization of Glass Powder in Fly Ash BricksEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Active Vibration Control of Cantilever Beam by using PZT Patches: A ReviewEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Review on Active Vibration Control of Beam using PZT PatchesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- DE Duplication Verification on Multimedia Data Stored in CloudEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Grid Connected WECS with Multi-Level NPC Shunt Active Power FilterEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- SVM Based Classification & Remote Detection Of Photoplethysmorgraphic SignalEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Data Hiding in Audio-Video using Anti Forensics Technique for AuthenticationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Design and Analysis of Flywheel for Weight OptimizationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Study of Thermal Performance of Longitudinal Fin of Rectangular Profile for Different MaterialsEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Effect of Rice Husk and Rice Husk Ash on Coconut Fiber Reinforced Polyester CompositesEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Grid Connected Solar Photovoltaic System with Converters ControlEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Fuzzy Logic Execution in Boiler ControlEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Seismic Analysis and Design Steel Framed Multi- Storied BuildingEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Usage of Static VAR Compensator to Achieve the Voltage Stability During Transmission and DistributionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Seismic Analysis of Multi-Story Building with Underneath Satellite Bus Stop Having Service Soft Story and Moment Transfer BeamsEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Energy Efficient Input-Output Section for RF ApplicationEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Isolation of Phytophthora Palmivora (Butl.) Pathogenic to Papaya plant in Thiruvarur Dt.Enviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Techniques and Technologies for Monitoring Nitrate in Potable Water - A ReviewEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- A Review Paper on Optimization of Turning on En31 Material by Taguchi ApproachEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Authentication and Security Biometrics System based on Face Recognition and Palm RecognitionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- VLSI Implementation of Aging-Aware Reliable Multiplier with Adaptive Hold LogicEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Background Modeling and Moving Object DetectionEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Identification of Intra-Cardiac Masses Based on Advanced ACM Segmentation using Multiclass SVM ClassifierEnviado porInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD

- MM3521 Aircraft Structures Lecture 1 Introduction(1) (1)Enviado porRoyston Shieh
- SENATE HEARING, 112TH CONGRESS - AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SAFETY OVERSIGHTEnviado porScribd Government Docs
- oil_whirl_whip.pdfEnviado porbwelz
- ADGS AeronEnviado porArie Anggodo Kakiailatu
- Electric Actautor Valve Damper technical catalog pdfEnviado porCair Euromatic Automation Pvt. Ltd.
- b16.9 InterpretationsEnviado porjojeecares
- An Interactive Software for Conceptual Wing Flutter Analysis and Parametric SturyEnviado porVesa Räisänen
- Https Www.myboeingfleet.com Mbf-services Acp Bbj.html File= Fans Files Advisory Circular 120-70AEnviado porjacksreed
- 002Enviado porMohamed Mansour
- Latest DGCA REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF REDUCED VERTICAL SEPARATION MINIMUM (RVSM). CIVIL AVIATION REQUIREMENTS SECTION 8 – AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS SERIES 'S', PART II ISSUE I, 17th JANUARY, 2013 D8S-S2.pdfEnviado porjames_008
- Sig Rc 90 DemoiselleEnviado porJorge Varela
- Practica 2 GLGEnviado porCrhis Ville
- RNAV_QFSheet.pdfEnviado porAlexandre Cunha
- research paperEnviado porapi-378489409
- Wrong Way CorriganEnviado porSandy Munoz
- Physics I Problems (140).pdfEnviado porBOSS BOSS
- AMETEK OverviewEnviado porjuanderer
- SeminarEnviado porAnvay Pandit
- ICAO - Raport Final SafetyEnviado porbobbytronic
- Toc-ta Workpack Rev.1Enviado poranjangandak2932
- IRIG-106-15 Telemetry StandardsEnviado porKevin G. Rhoads
- Air.resistanceEnviado porVinoliaEdwin
- IATA Strategies - The International Industry Initiatives of SMSEnviado porjoshua_sx1
- homework answersEnviado porapi-394667974
- Satellite CommunicationsEnviado porNin
- Grob Flight ManualEnviado porgerardoferrandino
- North-American-F-86E-F-Flight-Manual.Stamped.pdfEnviado porNicolás Balladares
- Performance Analysis of a Piston Engined AirplaneEnviado porA
- A UAV Path Planning Method Based on Threat SourcesEnviado porNiladri Shekhar Das
- 2008 Bendix King Product CatalogEnviado porherrisutrisna