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Você está na página 1de 13

December 1, 2016

Form 1

Last First

Fill in your name, student ID number, and form number on the scantron and in the spaces above.

All cell phones, text messaging devices, computers, and communication devices of any type must be

turned off and stowed out of sight.

The exam is closed book. You may use three 3" 5" (7.5 cm 12.5 cm) notecards (both sides). You

may also use a calculator that cannot communicate with the outside world.

You cannot share calculators, notecards, scratch paper, exam booklets, or scantrons. Exam responses

must be based on your individual work only.

You must mark the correct answer on the scantron to get credit for each problem.

The exam is 90 minutes long. There are 20 multiple-choice questions. All questions are of equal value.

There is no penalty for guessing.

At the end of the exam, hand in your scantron and show your UM ID.

x = x0 + v0xt + axt2/2

vx = v0x + axt

vx2 = v0x2 + 2ax(x x0)

= 0 + 0zt + zt2/2

z = 0z + zt

z2 = 0z2 + 2z( 0)

v = R

atan = dv/dt = R

arad = v2/R = 2R

vA/C = vA/B + vB/C

(continued from the previous page)

I = ICM + Md2 =rF

Fk = kN L = r p = I

Fs,x = kx vorb = (GM/r)1/2

Fg = Gm1m2/r2 vesc = (2GM/r)1/2

x(t) = Acos(t + )

=

ax = 2 x

p = mv = (k/m)1/2 or (g/L)1/2 or (mgd/Ipivot)1/2

= 2f = 2/T

= =

= g = 9.8 m/s2

G = 6.67 10-11 Nm2/kg2

rCM = (m1r1 + m2r2 + )/(m1 + m2 + ) REarth = 6.38 106 m

TKE = mv2/2 MEarth = 5.97 1024 kg

RKE = I2/2

GPE = Gm1m2/r

EPE = kx2/2

TKEi + RKEi + GPEi + EPEi + Wnon-cons = TKEf + RKEf + GPEf + EPEf

1. A graph of the final steady-state amplitude A of driven

oscillations of a mass on a spring as a function of the

angular frequency of the applied driving force is shown at

right. A change in which physical quantity results in

transition of the system behavior from one curve on this

graph to another?

a) Natural frequency

b) Driving frequency

c) Damping constant

d) Mass

e) Spring constant

2. Assume that the Earth is a uniform, spherical planet of mass M and radius R. Imagine a narrow

tunnel dug from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth. At what distance

from the center of the Earth would a force on a test particle of mass m inside this tunnel be equal to the

force on the same particle outside the Earth at a distance 2R from the surface of the Earth?

a) R/3

b) R/4

c) R/6

d) R/9

e) R/27

3. Which of the following statements is false?

a) Simple harmonic oscillations can only exist around a stable equilibrium point.

b) A linear restoring force is required for simple harmonic oscillations to occur.

c) The period of simple harmonic oscillations is determined by the properties of the system and does

not depend on the initial conditions.

d) For a mass on a spring, the frequency of the kinetic or potential energy oscillations is equal to the

frequency of the position oscillations.

e) Total mechanical energy of a simple harmonic oscillator is proportional to the oscillation amplitude

squared.

4. An old grandfathers clock has a pendulum with a period of oscillations T. If this clock is

transported from Earth to Planet X, which has double the Earths mass and double the Earths radius,

what would the period of oscillations of the clocks pendulum be on that planet?

a) /2

b) /2

c)

d) 2

e) 2

5. Which of the following statements about a comet in elliptical orbit around the Sun is false? Define

its gravitational potential energy to be zero when it is infinitely far from the Sun.

a) The comets kinetic energy is least when it is farthest from the Sun.

b) The comets angular momentum about the Sun is least when it is farthest from the Sun.

c) The comets total mechanical energy is the same at its nearest and farthest points from the Sun.

d) The comets total mechanical energy is negative.

e) If the comets speed at its farthest point from the Sun were to be halved (e.g., by firing a large

rocket momentarily to push it backwards), the absolute value of its total energy would increase.

certain moment of time, the block is observed a distance x = 0.03 m away from the equilibrium position

and moving with velocity v = 0.7 m/s. What are the amplitude of this oscillation (first number) and the

blocks maximal velocity (second number)?

b) 0.053 m; 0.85 m/s

c) 0.063 m; 0.85 m/s

d) 0.053 m; 0.97 m/s

e) 0.063 m; 0.97 m/s

7. Consider a hollow planet in the shape of a uniform

uniform-density

nsity spherical shell with inner radius a and

outer radius 2a. Define the gravitational potential energy of an object interacting with the planet to be

zero when the object is infinitely far from the planet. Which of the following statements is false?

b) The gravitational potential energy of an object inside the hollow cavity varies quadratically with

distance from the center of the sphere.

c) The magnitude of the gravitational

onal force on an object at the planets outer surface is greater than

that inside the hollow cavity.

d) The gravitational potential energy of an object at the inner shell radius a is smaller than its potential

energy at the outer radius 2a.

e) The gravitational potential energy of an object at the planets outer surface has smaller absolute

value than it would have if the hollow cavity were uniformly filled with rocks.

shown. There are no other bodies nearby. Mass 1 exerts a

gravitational force of magnitude F on mass 2. What is the

magnitude of the total gravitational force exerted on mass 2 in this

arrangement?

a) 1.35F

b) 1.41F

c) 1.91F

d) 2.50F

e) 3.00F

9. A horizontal uniform solid rod has a length l0 and mass m = 2 kg. It is supported by a pivot at its

right end and by a cable a distance l0/4 from its left end. The cable makes an angle = 42 with the rod.

What is the tension in the cable? (You can ignore the cables own mass.)

a) 9.3 N

b) 11.8 N

c) 14.5 N

d) 17.6 N

e) 19.5 N

10. If the Earth rotated around its axis with a period of 3 hours (instead of 24 hours), what would be

the apparent weight of a 70-kg person at the equator? Ignore the Earths motion around the Sun.

a) zero

b) 151 N

c) 535 N

d) 686 N

e) 837 N

11. A student sits in a chair that is free to rotate without friction around its vertical axis. The student

holds a bicycle wheel of the moment of inertia I above his head, so that the wheel is horizontal and free

to rotate around its vertical axis, which coincides with the vertical axis of the chair. Initially the chair

and the student are at rest, and the bicycle wheel is spinning with angular speed around its vertical

axis. Then, the student reaches out and grabs the rim of the wheel, thus stopping the rotation of the

wheel with respect to the student. If the combined moment of inertia of the student and the chair is 10I,

what is their angular speed as a result of this act?

a) 0 I

b) /11

c) /10

d) /9

e) /5

10I

f ?

Initial Final

12. An object is projected vertically upward from the surface of a non-rotating planet of radius R with

an initial velocity equal to 97% of the escape speed from the planet. What is the maximum distance

from the center of the planet attained by the object?

a) 13R

b) 17R

c) 33R

d) 66R

e) 97R

13. A pivoted, massless rod of length L has two point particles, one of mass M and the other of mass

2M, attached as shown in the diagram. What is the period of small oscillations for this pendulum?

Neglect friction at the pivot and air resistance.

pivot

2 L

a) 2 L/2

2 g

4L

b) 2 2M

5g L/2

5L

c) 2

6g M

2L

d) 2

3g

3L

e) 2

4g

14. A block of mass m = 2 kg sits on a frictionless, horizontal tabletop and is connected to three

unstretched springs, as shown in the figure. If the block is displaced from equilibrium by a small

distance and released, it will oscillate. What is the period of these oscillations?

a) 0.58 s

b) 1.73 s k1 = 1 N/m

c) 2.38 s k2 = 2 N/m

d) 3.63 s k3 = 3 N/m m

e) 5.35 s

15. A hoop, a solid cylinder, a solid sphere, and a thin-walled spherical shell roll without slipping

down an inclined plane starting from the same initial height. Which one of them reaches the bottom of

the inclined plane last?

a) Hoop

b) Solid cylinder

c) Solid sphere

d) Thin-walled spherical shell

e) Impossible to tell from the information provided

16. A bird with mass m = 3 kg is flying horizontally with speed v = 10 m/s and strikes a stationary

vertical bar at its mid-point. The bar is uniform, L = 12 m long, has mass M = 5 kg, and is hinged at its

base. The collision stuns the bird, and it drops vertically to the ground. The bar rotates around the

hinge without friction as it falls to the ground. What is the angular velocity of the bar just before it hits

the ground?

M, L

a) 0.75 rad/s m

b) 1.57 rad/s

c) 1.74 rad/s v

d) 2.34 rad/s

e) 3.22 rad/s

17. A yo-yo of mass m is placed on a horizontal table having static coefficient s between the two. In

the three cases shown in the figure, the string of the yo-yo is pulled gently (i.e. with force F < smg), in

the direction shown by the arrow. In which case(s) will the yo-yo initially roll to the right?

F F

I II III

a) Case I only

b) Case II only

c) Case III only

d) Both case I and case II

e) In all three cases

18. A uniform bale of hay, with dimensions shown in the figure, is dragged across a horizontal floor at

constant speed by a force F, applied at height h above the floor. The coefficient of kinetic friction

between the hay and the floor is 0.35. At what value of h will the bale begin to tip?

0.25 m

a) 0.26 m

b) 0.31 m

c) 0.36 m F

d) 0.40 m 0.50 m

e) 0.44 m CM h

19. A thin uniform rod of mass M and length L gravitationally interacts with a point mass m that is a

distance a away from its left end along a line perpendicular to the rod (see the figure). What is the

component of the gravitational force the rod exerts on the point mass parallel to the rod?

a) zero

L

GmM dx

b)

L (x

0

2

+ a2 )

1/ 2

L

GmM dx

c)

L x

0

2

+ a2

L

GmMa dx

d)

L 0 x + a2

2

( )

3/ 2

L

GmM xdx

e)

L (x

0

2

+ a2 )

3/ 2

20. A bowling ball of mass M and radius R rolls without slipping down a ramp having an angle with

the horizontal. Treat the bowling ball as a uniform solid sphere and ignore the finger holes. What is

the magnitude and direction of the static friction force acting on the ball?

M, R

a) zero

5

b) Mg tan , uphill

7

5

c) Mg tan , downhill

7

2

d) Mg sin , uphill

7

2

e) Mg sin , downhill

7

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