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# Physics 140, Fall 2016

## Third Midterm Exam

December 1, 2016

Form 1

Last First

Fill in your name, student ID number, and form number on the scantron and in the spaces above.

All cell phones, text messaging devices, computers, and communication devices of any type must be
turned off and stowed out of sight.

The exam is closed book. You may use three 3" 5" (7.5 cm 12.5 cm) notecards (both sides). You
may also use a calculator that cannot communicate with the outside world.

You cannot share calculators, notecards, scratch paper, exam booklets, or scantrons. Exam responses
must be based on your individual work only.

You must mark the correct answer on the scantron to get credit for each problem.

The exam is 90 minutes long. There are 20 multiple-choice questions. All questions are of equal value.
There is no penalty for guessing.

At the end of the exam, hand in your scantron and show your UM ID.

## Constants and equations you may find useful:

x = x0 + v0xt + axt2/2
vx = v0x + axt
vx2 = v0x2 + 2ax(x x0)
= 0 + 0zt + zt2/2
z = 0z + zt
z2 = 0z2 + 2z( 0)
v = R
atan = dv/dt = R
vA/C = vA/B + vB/C

## (continued on the next page)

(continued from the previous page)

## I = m1r12 + m2r22 + = r2dm Fx = dPE/dx

I = ICM + Md2 =rF
Fk = kN L = r p = I
Fs,x = kx vorb = (GM/r)1/2
Fg = Gm1m2/r2 vesc = (2GM/r)1/2
 x(t) = Acos(t + )
 =  
 ax = 2 x

p = mv = (k/m)1/2 or (g/L)1/2 or (mgd/Ipivot)1/2
 = 2f = 2/T
 =  =  
 =   g = 9.8 m/s2
 G = 6.67 10-11 Nm2/kg2
rCM = (m1r1 + m2r2 + )/(m1 + m2 + ) REarth = 6.38 106 m
TKE = mv2/2 MEarth = 5.97 1024 kg
RKE = I2/2
GPE = Gm1m2/r
EPE = kx2/2
TKEi + RKEi + GPEi + EPEi + Wnon-cons = TKEf + RKEf + GPEf + EPEf
1. A graph of the final steady-state amplitude A of driven
oscillations of a mass on a spring as a function of the
angular frequency of the applied driving force is shown at
right. A change in which physical quantity results in
transition of the system behavior from one curve on this
graph to another?

a) Natural frequency
b) Driving frequency
c) Damping constant
d) Mass
e) Spring constant

2. Assume that the Earth is a uniform, spherical planet of mass M and radius R. Imagine a narrow
tunnel dug from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of the Earth. At what distance
from the center of the Earth would a force on a test particle of mass m inside this tunnel be equal to the
force on the same particle outside the Earth at a distance 2R from the surface of the Earth?

a) R/3
b) R/4
c) R/6
d) R/9
e) R/27
3. Which of the following statements is false?

a) Simple harmonic oscillations can only exist around a stable equilibrium point.
b) A linear restoring force is required for simple harmonic oscillations to occur.
c) The period of simple harmonic oscillations is determined by the properties of the system and does
not depend on the initial conditions.
d) For a mass on a spring, the frequency of the kinetic or potential energy oscillations is equal to the
frequency of the position oscillations.
e) Total mechanical energy of a simple harmonic oscillator is proportional to the oscillation amplitude
squared.

4. An old grandfathers clock has a pendulum with a period of oscillations T. If this clock is
transported from Earth to Planet X, which has double the Earths mass and double the Earths radius,
what would the period of oscillations of the clocks pendulum be on that planet?

a) /2
b) /2
c) 
d) 2
e) 2
5. Which of the following statements about a comet in elliptical orbit around the Sun is false? Define
its gravitational potential energy to be zero when it is infinitely far from the Sun.

a) The comets kinetic energy is least when it is farthest from the Sun.
b) The comets angular momentum about the Sun is least when it is farthest from the Sun.
c) The comets total mechanical energy is the same at its nearest and farthest points from the Sun.
d) The comets total mechanical energy is negative.
e) If the comets speed at its farthest point from the Sun were to be halved (e.g., by firing a large
rocket momentarily to push it backwards), the absolute value of its total energy would increase.

## 6. A block of mass m = 0.2 kg is oscillating on a horizontal spring of force constant k = 50 N/m. At a

certain moment of time, the block is observed a distance x = 0.03 m away from the equilibrium position
and moving with velocity v = 0.7 m/s. What are the amplitude of this oscillation (first number) and the
blocks maximal velocity (second number)?

## a) 0.044 m; 0.74 m/s

b) 0.053 m; 0.85 m/s
c) 0.063 m; 0.85 m/s
d) 0.053 m; 0.97 m/s
e) 0.063 m; 0.97 m/s
7. Consider a hollow planet in the shape of a uniform
uniform-density
nsity spherical shell with inner radius a and
outer radius 2a. Define the gravitational potential energy of an object interacting with the planet to be
zero when the object is infinitely far from the planet. Which of the following statements is false?

## a) The gravitational force on an object in the planets hollow cavity is zero.

b) The gravitational potential energy of an object inside the hollow cavity varies quadratically with
distance from the center of the sphere.
c) The magnitude of the gravitational
onal force on an object at the planets outer surface is greater than
that inside the hollow cavity.
d) The gravitational potential energy of an object at the inner shell radius a is smaller than its potential
energy at the outer radius 2a.
e) The gravitational potential energy of an object at the planets outer surface has smaller absolute
value than it would have if the hollow cavity were uniformly filled with rocks.

## 8. Four equal masses are arranged in a perfect square formation, as

shown. There are no other bodies nearby. Mass 1 exerts a
gravitational force of magnitude F on mass 2. What is the
magnitude of the total gravitational force exerted on mass 2 in this
arrangement?

a) 1.35F
b) 1.41F
c) 1.91F
d) 2.50F
e) 3.00F
9. A horizontal uniform solid rod has a length l0 and mass m = 2 kg. It is supported by a pivot at its
right end and by a cable a distance l0/4 from its left end. The cable makes an angle = 42 with the rod.
What is the tension in the cable? (You can ignore the cables own mass.)

a) 9.3 N
b) 11.8 N
c) 14.5 N
d) 17.6 N
e) 19.5 N

10. If the Earth rotated around its axis with a period of 3 hours (instead of 24 hours), what would be
the apparent weight of a 70-kg person at the equator? Ignore the Earths motion around the Sun.

a) zero
b) 151 N
c) 535 N
d) 686 N
e) 837 N
11. A student sits in a chair that is free to rotate without friction around its vertical axis. The student
holds a bicycle wheel of the moment of inertia I above his head, so that the wheel is horizontal and free
to rotate around its vertical axis, which coincides with the vertical axis of the chair. Initially the chair
and the student are at rest, and the bicycle wheel is spinning with angular speed around its vertical
axis. Then, the student reaches out and grabs the rim of the wheel, thus stopping the rotation of the
wheel with respect to the student. If the combined moment of inertia of the student and the chair is 10I,
what is their angular speed as a result of this act?

a) 0 I
b) /11
c) /10
d) /9
e) /5

10I
f ?

Initial Final

12. An object is projected vertically upward from the surface of a non-rotating planet of radius R with
an initial velocity equal to 97% of the escape speed from the planet. What is the maximum distance
from the center of the planet attained by the object?

a) 13R
b) 17R
c) 33R
d) 66R
e) 97R
13. A pivoted, massless rod of length L has two point particles, one of mass M and the other of mass
2M, attached as shown in the diagram. What is the period of small oscillations for this pendulum?
Neglect friction at the pivot and air resistance.
pivot
2 L
a) 2 L/2
2 g
4L
b) 2 2M
5g L/2
5L
c) 2
6g M
2L
d) 2
3g
3L
e) 2
4g

14. A block of mass m = 2 kg sits on a frictionless, horizontal tabletop and is connected to three
unstretched springs, as shown in the figure. If the block is displaced from equilibrium by a small
distance and released, it will oscillate. What is the period of these oscillations?

a) 0.58 s
b) 1.73 s k1 = 1 N/m
c) 2.38 s k2 = 2 N/m
d) 3.63 s k3 = 3 N/m m
e) 5.35 s
15. A hoop, a solid cylinder, a solid sphere, and a thin-walled spherical shell roll without slipping
down an inclined plane starting from the same initial height. Which one of them reaches the bottom of
the inclined plane last?

a) Hoop
b) Solid cylinder
c) Solid sphere
d) Thin-walled spherical shell
e) Impossible to tell from the information provided

16. A bird with mass m = 3 kg is flying horizontally with speed v = 10 m/s and strikes a stationary
vertical bar at its mid-point. The bar is uniform, L = 12 m long, has mass M = 5 kg, and is hinged at its
base. The collision stuns the bird, and it drops vertically to the ground. The bar rotates around the
hinge without friction as it falls to the ground. What is the angular velocity of the bar just before it hits
the ground?
M, L
17. A yo-yo of mass m is placed on a horizontal table having static coefficient s between the two. In
the three cases shown in the figure, the string of the yo-yo is pulled gently (i.e. with force F < smg), in
the direction shown by the arrow. In which case(s) will the yo-yo initially roll to the right?

F F

I II III

a) Case I only
b) Case II only
c) Case III only
d) Both case I and case II
e) In all three cases

18. A uniform bale of hay, with dimensions shown in the figure, is dragged across a horizontal floor at
constant speed by a force F, applied at height h above the floor. The coefficient of kinetic friction
between the hay and the floor is 0.35. At what value of h will the bale begin to tip?
0.25 m
a) 0.26 m
b) 0.31 m
c) 0.36 m F
d) 0.40 m 0.50 m
e) 0.44 m CM h
19. A thin uniform rod of mass M and length L gravitationally interacts with a point mass m that is a
distance a away from its left end along a line perpendicular to the rod (see the figure). What is the
component of the gravitational force the rod exerts on the point mass parallel to the rod?

a) zero
L
GmM dx
b)
L (x
0
2
+ a2 )
1/ 2

L
GmM dx
c)
L x
0
2
+ a2
L
GmMa dx
d)
L 0 x + a2
2
( )
3/ 2

L
GmM xdx
e)
L (x
0
2
+ a2 )
3/ 2

20. A bowling ball of mass M and radius R rolls without slipping down a ramp having an angle with
the horizontal. Treat the bowling ball as a uniform solid sphere and ignore the finger holes. What is
the magnitude and direction of the static friction force acting on the ball?
M, R
a) zero
5
b) Mg tan , uphill
7
5
c) Mg tan , downhill
7
2
d) Mg sin , uphill
7
2
e) Mg sin , downhill
7