Você está na página 1de 1

Problem Half-wave battery charger.

The diode is on for 45 t 135 or for 90 of


Consider the battery charging circuit in Figure
the phase angle. The whole period is 360, so the
P3.24 with Vm = 20V, R = 10 and VB = 14V.
diode is on for
Find the peak current assuming an ideal diode.
900
Also, find the percentage of each cycle in which = 0.25 = 25% of the time.
the diode is in on state. Sketch vs(t) and i(t) to 360 0
scale against time.
Current limiting resistor The peak current is when the ac voltage is at the
R peak and is
Vm VB 20 14
+ + Im = = = 0.6A
vs(t) Vmsin(t) i(t) VB R 10
- - v, i
Figure Half-wave battery charger. 20V
Solution: 14V
The diode is on when i(t) vs(t)
Vm sin (t ) > VB or 20 sin (t ) > 14 t
The diode goes to on state at
20 sin (t ) = 14
14
t = arcsin = arcsin 0.7 450 ; 1350 The wave-shapes of vs(t) and i(t).
20