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This course is based on the SPE Monograph Volume 22,

Practical Aspects of CO2 Flooding,


by Perry M. Jarrell, Charles E. Fox, Michael H. Stein, and
Steven L. Webb
(Published by the SPE in 2002)

1
Why CO2 Flooding?

Oil Recovery Volumes World EOR Oil Production, 2008

Chemical
Expected Oil Recover-y (COrltCpts)
0%

Thermal
45%

HC
Note: This is a schematic to illustrate the oil 3%
13%
recovery volumes, it does not reflect
performance of any known oil field.

From OGJ, April 2008

2
Applications of CO2 Flooding,. Sequestration

,.:t(AloertB Basm (43)


Pemblni)~~CSEMP'
Fenn Big Valle')l~We.YbtHO
TeapotDo~e[J*saJI 0"'0"
Son JUDn Sa"n ~ .:*weSlTe"DS (70)
..II
Fno
._-_ _._.
__ -.-", ~~ulra~M.;.ioo-------

.Alar;fjs Fjeld
CO,JY.r.J!;1
-:~~~!'.~i~_~.F..~!<!
_ ______________________
.0 Gorgon
Dco,)~~.pr~
*
"Ci
C01-EOR/::'GR!ECGr.I
COIEOHJE:GR/ECBP.I.~roPOUd 'CrM~ndOZ"
... ,t.(:1l1~~
[JOW"Y'
COm;:.'~M"'~ ~..,..ti"~.<,i
(:~lNurr.oc:cAplo,;o:.uIf >\ '--'
::. ': ,Vu ...'Ilt'o mu!tl~e NCIJ*Cls 1000 Kill
S~10,ll Equate'

Locauoa of SJte"-S where acuvmes relevant 10 CO_storaee are ulauaed or under wav

Source: IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

3
US CO2 EO,R Projects, Sources and
Distributions
CURRENT CO, SOURCES. PIPELINES

Major CO, Pipelines

Dal!Y.Rate
Source Pipeline States Supplied
MMCFID
LaBt)rge LnOnrge
wvorrnno 350
Colorado
Denbury-
Jackson Dome
Jackson
r-.hssisslppi 220
Cor182 Texas 1300
"'lcE/mo Dome
McElmo Croe Ulnh 60
Sheep Mountain SllOSI>
Dome Mountmn
Texas 4ao
Bravo Dome Brave Texas '82
Val Verde
Gas Plants
vat vcroe Texas 70
Oklahoma
Loca! Pipeline Oklaborua 35
Fertilizer Plant
Total Daily Rate 2997
(Total Daily Rate = 2,997 MMCFID - 58 MTpy)

52 MMCFID - One MTpy)


Source: SPE 113975, Mohan H, April 2008

4
Technical recovery
18.6 billion b~ over 40 years

US candtdcue CO2-EORfields.
~ ... '( ':
.~'>" .;..--r ---,:=.,--,rl~_
L..,.,..........<:;~

Etnnnot plnn13> :xl !Jelly'


Etrl.'l.n04 plM!S ~ 1 Bef/vr
Rellnou4!s
Ammon", plnnl"
('~rnenl nL,nl~
Hydrogen plontjc
e Fossl!.luell)()ViCI plllnl:ol

Industrial sources of CO2_

Source: SPE 113975, Mohan H, April 2008.

5
Course Overview
(Slide 1 of 3)

This course will:

Describe the mechanisms involved in miscible and


immiscible CO2 processes.

Explain a general screening criteria to qualify a field as


a potential CO2 flood candidate.

Describe the key variables to determine the economics


of a CO2 flood project.

Discuss two simple CO2 flood models:


1. Texacol DOE Prophet Model
2. Kinder Morgan CO2 Flood Scoping Model

6
Course Overview
(Slide 2 of 3)

This course:

Explains the aspects that an engineer should be aware


of while conducting a detailed CO2 flood reservoir
simulation study.

Addresses some practical concerns related to operation


of a CO2 flood project, such as:
- Corrosion
- Production and injection well design
- Modifications to the surface facilities.

Describes methods of implementing and operating a


CO2 flood project.

7
Course Overview
(Slide 3 of 3)

An introduction to Carbon Capture and Storage


(CCS)/C02 Geosequestration, a topic of growing
interest to the members of the SPE, around the world,
is also included in this course.

Class problems are incorporated in the course work, in


order to clarify the concepts discussed in this course.