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Rancangan Acak Lengkap

Efek Perlakuan Terhadap Kadar lemak Daging Ayam Broiler (%)


Perlakuan Ulangan
1 2 3 4 5 6 Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r
1 3.19 3.84 3.48 3.99 3.18 3.81 21.49 77.58 76.97
2 3.01 3.12 2.15 3.29 3.15 3.23 17.95 54.60 53.70
3 2.77 3.06 2.72 2.81 2.41 3.28 17.05 48.90 48.45
4 2.43 1.78 1.72 2.11 2.02 2.32 12.38 25.95 25.54
5 2.82 3.18 2.23 2.92 2.84 2.53 16.52 46.03 45.49
6 2.29 2.92 2.21 2.63 2.41 3.51 15.97 43.70 42.51
7 2.85 2.61 2.96 2.95 3.09 2.81 17.27 49.84 49.71
bi 19.36 20.51 17.47 20.7 19.1 21.49
Bi^2/p 53.54422857 60.0943 43.60012857 61.21285714 52.11571429 65.9743 336.5415286 1.468

118.63 346.59 342.37


FK JK (T) JK (P)
335.073 11.521 7.292
ANOVA
SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 7.292 1.215 8.62 2.30 3.38 **
blok 5 1.468 0.294 2.08 2.53 3.7
1,2,3,7 vs 4,5,6 1 3.467 3.467 24.59 4.13 7.44 **
4 vs 5,6 1 1.660 1.660 11.77 4.13 7.44 **
5 vs 6 1 0.025 0.025 0.18 4.13 7.44
1,2 vs 3,7 1 1.092 1.092 7.75 4.13 7.44 **
1 vs 2 1 1.044 1.044 7.41 4.13 7.44 **
3 vs 7 1 0.004 0.004 0.03 4.13 7.44
Error 30 4.229 0.141
Total 41 11.521
Uji Kontras Ortogonal
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 c Q
Komponen 21.49 17.95 17.05 12.38 16.52 15.97 17.27
1,2,3,7 vs 4,5,6 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4 3 41.8 84
4 vs 5,6 0 0 0 2 -1 -1 0 -7.73 6
5 vs 6 0 0 0 0 1 -1 0 0.55 2
1,2 vs 3,7 1 1 -1 0 0 0 -1 5.12 4
1 vs 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 3.54 2
3 vs 7 0 0 1 0 0 0 -1 -0.22 2
Jumlah
JK
c2/Q/r
3.4667
1.6598
0.0252
1.0923
1.0443
0.0040
7.2924
Rancangan Acak Lengkap - ASIMETRIS

Mencari Data Pencilan


Perlakuan Rataan Xij-x
x 1 2 3 4 5
1 3.58 -0.392 0.258 -0.102 0.408 -0.402
2 2.99 0.018 0.128 -0.842 0.298 0.158
3 2.84 -0.072 0.218 -0.122 -0.032 -0.432
4 2.06 0.367 -0.283 -0.343 0.047 -0.043
5 2.75 0.067 0.427 -0.523 0.167 0.087
6 2.66 -0.372 0.258 -0.452 -0.032 -0.252
7 2.88 -0.028 -0.268 0.082 0.072 0.212

Efek Perlakuan Terhadap Kadar lemak Daging Ayam Broiler (%)


Perlakuan Ulangan
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 3.19 3.84 3.48 3.99 3.18 3.81
2 3.01 3.12 3.29 3.15 3.23
3 2.77 3.06 2.72 2.81 2.41 3.28
4 2.43 1.78 1.72 2.11 2.02 2.32
5 2.82 3.18 2.23 2.92 2.84 2.53
6 2.29 2.92 2.21 2.63 2.41
7 2.85 2.61 2.96 2.95 3.09 2.81

ANOVA - Data Asimetris - Setelah Membuang Data Pencilan


SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 8.081 1.347 17.67 2.40 3.42
4,5,6 vs 1,2,3,7 1 4.527 4.527 59.40 4.14 7.49
4 vs 5,6 1 1.267 1.267 16.62 4.14 7.49
5 vs 6 1 0.186 0.186 2.44 4.14 7.49
1,2 vs 3,7 1 1.612 1.612 21.15 4.14 7.49
1 vs 2 1 0.485 0.485 6.36 4.14 7.49
3 vs 7 1 0.004 0.004 0.05 4.14 7.49
Error 33 2.515 0.076
Total 39 10.596

Konstras Ortogonal: 1,2,3,7 vs 4,5,6


Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
1 21.49 6 3.58 17 365.33 1734
2 15.80 5 3.16 17 268.60 1445
3 17.05 6 2.84 17 289.85 1734
4 12.38 6 2.06 -23 -284.74 3174
5 16.52 6 2.75 -23 -379.96 3174
6 12.46 5 2.49 -23 -286.58 2645
7 17.27 6 2.88 17 293.59 1734
112.97 40 2.82 266.09 15640
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 4.5271

Konstras : 4 vs 5,6
Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
4 12.38 6 2.06 -11 -136.18 726
5 16.52 6 2.75 6 99.12 216
6 12.46 5 2.49 6 74.76 180
41.36 17 2.43 37.70 1122
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 1.2667

Konstras: 5 vs 6
Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
5 16.52 6 2.75 5 82.60 150
6 12.46 5 2.49 -6 -74.76 180
28.98 11 2.63 7.84 330
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 0.1863

Konstras: 1,2 vs 3,7


Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
1 21.49 6 3.58 12 257.88 864
2 15.80 5 3.16 12 189.60 720
3 17.05 6 2.84 -11 -187.55 726
7 17.27 6 2.88 -11 -189.97 726
71.61 23 3.11 69.96 3036
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 1.6121

Konstras: 1 vs 2
Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
1 21.49 6 3.58 5 107.45 150
2 15.80 5 3.16 -6 -94.80 180
37.29 11 3.39 12.65 330
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 0.4849

Konstras: 3 vs 7
Perlakuan xi. n Rataan Q ci = xi.*Q nQ^2
3 17.05 6 2.84 1 17.05 6
7 17.27 6 2.88 -1 -17.27 6
34.32 12 2.86 -0.22 12
JK (ci^2/nQ^2) 0.0040
Jika d < -2 atau d > 2, maka data harus dibuang
e / KT(E)0.5
6 1 2 3 4 5 6
0.228 -1.04 0.69 -0.27 1.09 -1.07 0.61
0.238 0.05 0.34 -2.24 0.79 0.42 0.63
0.438 -0.19 0.58 -0.32 -0.08 -1.15 1.17
0.257 0.98 -0.75 -0.91 0.12 -0.12 0.68
-0.223 0.18 1.14 -1.39 0.44 0.23 -0.59
0.848 -0.99 0.69 -1.20 -0.08 -0.67 2.26
-0.068 -0.08 -0.71 0.22 0.19 0.56 -0.18

Data X2.3. Dan X6.6. Harus dibuang

Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r


21.49 77.58 76.97
15.80 49.97 49.93
17.05 48.90 48.45
12.38 25.95 25.54
16.52 46.03 45.49
12.46 31.38 31.05
17.27 49.84 49.71
112.97 329.65 327.14
FK JK (T) JK (P)
319.056 10.596 8.081

**
** Effesiensi 1.849
**

**
*
Transformasi Data
Perlakuan Ulangan
1 2 3 4 5 6
1 3.19 3.84 3.48 3.99 3.18 3.81
2 3.01 3.12 2.15 3.29 3.15 3.23
3 2.77 3.06 2.72 2.81 2.41 3.28
4 2.43 1.78 1.72 2.11 2.02 2.32
5 2.82 3.18 2.23 2.92 2.84 2.53
6 2.29 2.92 2.21 2.63 2.41 3.51
7 2.85 2.61 2.96 2.95 3.09 2.81

Pembuktian Bahwa <1


n X Y X-x Y-y (X-x)^2 (Y-x)^2
1 1.276 -1.051 0.249 0.093 0.062 0.009
2 1.096 -0.860 0.069 0.285 0.005 0.081
3 1.044 -1.207 0.017 -0.063 0.000 0.004
4 0.724 -1.260 -0.303 -0.115 0.092 0.013
5 1.013 -1.108 -0.014 0.037 0.000 0.001
6 0.979 -0.717 -0.048 0.428 0.002 0.183
7 1.057 -1.809 0.030 -0.665 0.001 0.442
Jumlah 7.189 -8.011 0.000 0.000 0.162 0.734
Rataan 1.027 -1.144
(x) (y) dx dy x^2 y^2

b = xy / x^2 a = (Y - bX)/n r^2 = b xy / y^2


0.2186 -1.3690 0.0144

Kesimpulan
Karena nilai < 1, maka tidak diperlukan tranformasi data
0.153 0.067 0.010 0.167 0.161 0.052

x s X=ln x Y=ln s
3.582 0.349 1.28 -1.05
2.992 0.423 1.10 -0.86
2.842 0.299 1.04 -1.21
2.063 0.284 0.72 -1.26
2.753 0.330 1.01 -1.11
2.662 0.488 0.98 -0.72
2.878 0.164 1.06 -1.81

(X-x)(Y-y)
0.023
0.020
-0.001
0.035
-0.001
-0.021
-0.020
0.035

xy
0.611
Rancangan Acak Lengkap - Mencari Data Pencilan
Efek Perlakuan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ayam Broiler
Xij Xij2 X1 X2 X3 X4 X5
90.23 195.7711 11.65 12.63 13.94 13.93 13.69

FK 193.84
JK (T) 1.93
JK (P) 0.92
JK (E) 1.01

ANOVA - Pertumbuhan Ayam Broiler


SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 0.916 0.153 0.05 2.30 3.38
1,2,3,7 vs 4,5,6 1 0.082 0.082 0.03 4.13 7.44
4 vs 5,6 1 0.134 0.134 0.04 4.13 7.44
5 vs 6 1 0.247 0.247 0.08 4.13 7.44
1,2 vs 3,7 1 0.180 0.180 0.06 4.13 7.44
3 vs 7 1 0.193 0.193 0.06 4.13 7.44
1 vs 2 1 0.080 0.080 0.03 4.13 7.44
Error 35 1.011 0.029
Total 41 1.927

Uji Kontras Ortogonal


1 2 3 4 5 6
Komponen 11.65 12.63 13.94 13.93 13.69 11.97
1,2,3,7 vs 4,5,6 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4
4 vs 5,6 0 0 0 2 -1 -1
5 vs 6 0 0 0 0 1 -1
1,2 vs 3,7 1 1 -1 0 0 0
3 vs 7 0 0 1 0 0 0
1 vs 2 1 -1 0 0 0 0
X6 X7
11.97 12.42

7 c Q JK
12.42
3 -6.44 84 0.0823
0 2.2 6 0.1344
0 1.72 2 0.2465
-1 -2.08 4 0.1803
-1 1.52 2 0.1925
0 -0.98 2 0.0800
Jumlah 0.9161
Pembuktian Rumus
(Xi./n)-U U-Rataan Perlakuan
n Xij U Ti Eij (Xij - U)2 Ti2
1 3.19 2.8245 0.75714 -0.3917 0.1336 0.5733
2 3.01 2.8245 0.16714 0.0183 0.0344 0.0279
3 2.77 2.8245 0.01714 -0.0717 0.0030 0.0003
4 2.43 2.8245 -0.76119 0.3667 0.1556 0.5794
5 2.82 2.8245 -0.07119 0.0667 0.0000 0.0051
6 2.29 2.8245 -0.16286 -0.3717 0.2857 0.0265
7 2.85 2.8245 0.05381 -0.0283 0.0006 0.0029
8 3.84 2.8245 0.75714 0.2583 1.0312 0.5733
9 3.12 2.8245 0.16714 0.1283 0.0873 0.0279
10 3.06 2.8245 0.01714 0.2183 0.0554 0.0003
11 1.78 2.8245 -0.76119 -0.2833 1.0910 0.5794
12 3.18 2.8245 -0.07119 0.4267 0.1264 0.0051
13 2.92 2.8245 -0.16286 0.2583 0.0091 0.0265
14 2.61 2.8245 0.05381 -0.2683 0.0460 0.0029
15 3.48 2.8245 0.75714 -0.1017 0.4296 0.5733
16 2.15 2.8245 0.16714 -0.8417 0.4550 0.0279
17 2.72 2.8245 0.01714 -0.1217 0.0109 0.0003
18 1.72 2.8245 -0.76119 -0.3433 1.2200 0.5794
19 2.23 2.8245 -0.07119 -0.5233 0.3535 0.0051
20 2.21 2.8245 -0.16286 -0.4517 0.3776 0.0265
21 2.96 2.8245 0.05381 0.0817 0.0184 0.0029
22 3.99 2.8245 0.75714 0.4083 1.3583 0.5733
23 3.29 2.8245 0.16714 0.2983 0.2167 0.0279
24 2.81 2.8245 0.01714 -0.0317 0.0002 0.0003
25 2.11 2.8245 -0.76119 0.0467 0.5105 0.5794
26 2.92 2.8245 -0.07119 0.1667 0.0091 0.0051
27 2.63 2.8245 -0.16286 -0.0317 0.0378 0.0265
28 2.95 2.8245 0.05381 0.0717 0.0157 0.0029
29 3.18 2.8245 0.75714 -0.4017 0.1264 0.5733
30 3.15 2.8245 0.16714 0.1583 0.1059 0.0279
31 2.41 2.8245 0.01714 -0.4317 0.1718 0.0003
32 2.02 2.8245 -0.76119 -0.0433 0.6473 0.5794
33 2.84 2.8245 -0.07119 0.0867 0.0002 0.0051
34 2.41 2.8245 -0.16286 -0.2517 0.1718 0.0265
35 3.09 2.8245 0.05381 0.2117 0.0705 0.0029
36 3.81 2.8245 0.75714 0.2283 0.9712 0.5733
37 3.23 2.8245 0.16714 0.2383 0.1644 0.0279
38 3.28 2.8245 0.01714 0.4383 0.2075 0.0003
39 2.32 2.8245 -0.76119 0.2567 0.2545 0.5794
40 2.53 2.8245 -0.07119 -0.2233 0.0867 0.0051
41 3.51 2.8245 -0.16286 0.8483 0.4699 0.0265
42 2.81 2.8245 0.05381 -0.0683 0.0002 0.0029
Jumlah 118.63 118.6300 0.0000 0.0000 11.5212 7.2924
Rataan 2.825

Belum dilanjutkan !!
Eij2 Xi./n
0.1534 3.5817
0.0003 2.9917
0.0051 2.8417
0.1344 2.0633
0.0044 2.7533
0.1381 2.6617
0.0008 2.8783
0.0667
0.0165
0.0477
0.0803
0.1820
0.0667
0.0720
0.0103
0.7084
0.0148
0.1179
0.2739
0.2040
0.0067
0.1667
0.0890
0.0010
0.0022
0.0278
0.0010
0.0051
0.1613
0.0251
0.1863
0.0019
0.0075
0.0633
0.0448
0.0521
0.0568
0.1921
0.0659
0.0499
0.7197
0.0047
4.2289
Rancangan Acak Lengkap
Perlakuan: A = kontrol
B = A+ kenzyme
C = A + Na-pravastatin
D = A + karnitin
E = A + Lysin
F = A + Nutrient mikro (Niasin, Piridoksin, Vit C & FeSO 4)
G = A + Lysin + Methionine

Kadar lemak daging pada ayam umur 7 Minggu (%)


Perlakuan r1 r2 r3 Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r
A 3.6 3.5 3.6 10.70 38.17 38.16
B 3.2 3.1 2.7 9.00 27.14 27.00
C 2.8 2.7 3.0 8.50 24.13 24.08
D 2.3 1.9 2.0 6.20 12.90 12.81
E 2.9 3.0 2.4 8.30 23.17 22.96
F 2.5 2.7 2.9 8.10 21.95 21.87
G 2.9 2.9 2.9 8.70 25.23 25.23
59.50 172.69 172.12

FK = (X..)2/n 168.5833
JK (T) = xij2 = Xij2 - (X..)2/n 4.1067
JK (P) = xi.2 = Xi.2/r - (X..)2/n 3.5400
JK (E) = JK (T) - JK (P) 0.5667

Sidik Ragam
SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 3.54 0.59 14.58
ABCG vs DEF 1 1.64 1.64 40.40
AB vs CG 1 0.52 0.52 12.87
A vs B 1 0.48 0.48 11.90
C vs G 1 0.01 0.01 0.16
D vs EF 1 0.89 0.89 21.96
E vs F 1 0.01 0.01 0.16
Error 14 0.57 0.04
Total 20 4.11

Uji Kontras Ortogonal


A B C D E F
10.7 9.0 8.5 6.2 8.3 8.1
ABCG vs DEF 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4
AB vs CG 1 1 -1 0 0 0
A vs B 1 -1 0 0 0 0
C vs G 0 0 1 0 0 0
D vs EF 0 0 0 2 -1 -1
E vs F 0 0 0 0 1 -1
G c Q JK=c2/Q/r
8.7
3 20.3 84 1.64
-1 2.5 4 0.52
0 1.7 2 0.48
-1 -0.2 2 0.01
0 -4.0 6 0.89
0 0.2 2 0.01
Rancangan Acak Lengkap
Perlakuan: A = kontrol
B = A+ kenzyme
C = A + Na-pravastatin
D = A + karnitin
E = A + Lysin
F = A + Nutrient mikro (Niasin, Piridoksin, Vit C & FeSO 4)
G = A + Lysin + Methionine

Kadar DHA daging g/100 g lemak


Perlakuan r1 r2 r3 Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r
A 1.05 1.07 1.26 3.38 3.84 3.81
B 1.01 1.00 1.16 3.17 3.37 3.35
C 1.34 1.21 1.21 3.76 4.72 4.71
D 1.02 0.96 0.61 2.59 2.33 2.24
E 0.60 0.45 0.61 1.66 0.93 0.92
F 1.47 1.51 2.14 5.12 9.02 8.74
G 0.96 0.89 0.72 2.57 2.23 2.20
22.25 26.45 25.96

FK = (X..)2/n 23.5744
JK (T) = xij2 = Xij2 - (X..)2/n 2.8715
JK (P) = xi. = Xi. /r - (X..) /n
2 2 2
2.3902
JK (E) = JK (T) - JK (P) 0.4813

Sidik Ragam
SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 2.39 0.40 11.59
ABCG vs DEF 1 0.01 0.01 0.16
AB vs CG 1 0.00 0.00 0.12
A vs B 1 0.01 0.01 0.21
C vs G 1 0.24 0.24 6.87
D vs EF 1 0.14 0.14 4.14
E vs F 1 2.00 2.00 58.04
Error 14 0.48 0.03
Total 20 2.87

Uji Kontras Ortogonal


A B C D E F
3.4 3.2 3.8 2.6 1.7 5.1
ABCG vs DEF 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4
AB vs CG 1 1 -1 0 0 0
A vs B 1 -1 0 0 0 0
C vs G 0 0 1 0 0 0
D vs EF 0 0 0 2 -1 -1
E vs F 0 0 0 0 1 -1
G c Q JK=c2/Q/r
2.6
3 1.2 84 0.01
-1 0.2 4 0.00
0 0.2 2 0.01
-1 1.2 2 0.24
0 -1.6 6 0.14
0 -3.5 2 2.00
Rancangan Acak Lengkap
Perlakuan: A = kontrol
B = A+ kenzyme
C = A + Na-pravastatin
D = A + karnitin
E = A + Lysin
F = A + Nutrient mikro (Niasin, Piridoksin, Vit C & FeSO 4)
G = A + Lysin + Methionine

Kadar LDL darah mg/dl


Perlakuan r1 r2 r3 Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r
A 45 43 42 130.0 5638.0 5633.3
B 62 58 60 180.0 10808.0 10800.0
C 64 59 60 183.0 11177.0 11163.0
D 94 89 90 273.0 24857.0 24843.0
E 56 60 55 171.0 9761.0 9747.0
F 55 52 52 159.0 8433.0 8427.0
G 78 75 75 228.0 17334.0 17328.0
1324.0 88008.0 87941.3

FK = (X..)2/n 83475.05
JK (T) = xij2 = Xij2 - (X..)2/n 4532.95
JK (P) = xi. = Xi. /r - (X..) /n
2 2 2
4466.29
JK (E) = JK (T) - JK (P) 66.67

Sidik Ragam
SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 4466.29 744.38 156.32
ABCG vs DEF 1 246.04 246.04 51.67
AB vs CG 1 850.08 850.08 178.52
A vs B 1 416.67 416.67 87.50
C vs G 1 337.50 337.50 70.87
D vs EF 1 2592.00 2592.00 544.32
E vs F 1 24.00 24.00 5.04
Error 14 66.67 4.76
Total 20 4532.95

Uji Kontras Ortogonal


A B C D E F
130.0 180.0 183.0 273.0 171.0 159.0
ABCG vs DEF 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4
AB vs CG 1 1 -1 0 0 0
A vs B 1 -1 0 0 0 0
C vs G 0 0 1 0 0 0
D vs EF 0 0 0 2 -1 -1
E vs F 0 0 0 0 1 -1
G c Q JK=c2/Q/r
228.0
3 -249.0 84 246.04
-1 -101.0 4 850.08
0 -50.0 2 416.67
-1 -45.0 2 337.50
0 216.0 6 2592.00
0 12.0 2 24.00
Rancangan Acak Lengkap
Perlakuan: A = kontrol
B = A+ kenzyme
C = A + Na-pravastatin
D = A + karnitin
E = A + Lysin
F = A + Nutrient mikro (Niasin, Piridoksin, Vit C & FeSO 4)
G = A + Lysin + Methionine

Kadar HDL Kolesterol mg/dl


Perlakuan r1 r2 r3 Xi. Xij2 (Xi.)2/r
A 45 48 45 138 6354 6348
B 62 58 60 180 10808 10800
C 64 59 60 183 11177 11163
D 94 89 90 273 24857 24843
E 56 60 55 171 9761 9747
F 55 52 52 159 8433 8427
G 78 75 75 228 17334 17328
1332 88724 88656

FK = (X..)2/n 84486.86
JK (T) = xij2 = Xij2 - (X..)2/n 4237.14
JK (P) = xi. = Xi. /r - (X..) /n
2 2 2
4169.14
JK (E) = JK (T) - JK (P) 68.00

Sidik Ragam
SK db JK KT F F0.05 F0.01
Perlakuan 6 4169.14 694.86 143.06
ABCG vs DEF 1 200.89 200.89 41.36
AB vs CG 1 720.75 720.75 148.39
A vs B 1 294.00 294.00 60.53
C vs G 1 337.50 337.50 69.49
D vs EF 1 2592.00 2592.00 533.65
E vs F 1 24.00 24.00 4.94
Error 14 68.00 4.86
Total 20 4237.14

Uji Kontras Ortogonal


A B C D E F
138.0 180.0 183.0 273.0 171.0 159.0
ABCG vs DEF 3 3 3 -4 -4 -4
AB vs CG 1 1 -1 0 0 0
A vs B 1 -1 0 0 0 0
C vs G 0 0 1 0 0 0
D vs EF 0 0 0 2 -1 -1
E vs F 0 0 0 0 1 -1
G c Q JK=c2/Q/r
228.0
3 -225.0 84 200.89
-1 -93.0 4 720.75
0 -42.0 2 294.00
-1 -45.0 2 337.50
0 216.0 6 2592.00
0 12.0 2 24.00