Você está na página 1de 3

I dont want to go to their party and have a good time.

A few verbs and adjectives take either a to-infinitive or a gerund. Sometimes


I dont enjoy having a good time the meaning of the sentence stays the same, sometimes it changes.

If you find it difficult to remember which verbs are followed by infinitives and 1. START, BEGIN, INTEND, PROPOSE (=INTEND), BOTHER, CONTINUE
which ones are followed by gerunds, try committing this poem to memory, it must
help. People began to leave / began leaving the room immediately.
Her lazy daughter didn`t bother to cook dinner / bother cooking dinner.
Verb + the Gerund
Does she intend to apply / intend applying for visa?
Gerund I cant stand and mention, The meaning is the same. But remember that two ing-forms aren`t usually
Finish, practice, risk, imagine. used together:
Quit, avoid, resent, spend time, It was starting to rain. NOT It was starting raining.
Tolerate, detest, deny.
2. ADVISE, ALLOW, ENCOURAGE, RECOMMEND, FORBID, PERMIT
Well, excuse, admit and miss,
They enjoy, involve, resist, We use a to-infinitive after these verbs if we explicate the object of the action
Carry on, suggest, delay, and gerund if we don`t explicate it:
Justify, resume, escape.
Compare:
I adore, anticipate, advice, allow, encourage, recommend or advice, allow, encourage, recommend
Contemplate, appreciate, do something doing something
And confess to, and postpone, There is the object of the action: There is no object of the sentence:
Then consider on my own. They allow people to fish here. They allow fishing here.
I wouldn`t recommend you to walk I wouldn`t recommend walking home
Fansy, recollect, recall, home alone. alone.
Mind, include, forgive it all.
3. LIKE, LOVE, PREFER AND HATE
Verb + the Infinitive
After these verbs we may use both infinitive and gerund with no difference in
Offer, prepare, determine, deserve, meaning (I hate to be criticized / hate being criticized; We always prefer to prepare
Claim, choose, endeavor, get, threaten and learn. in advance / prefer preparing in advance; She likes to drink / likes drinking hot
Long, guarantee, hesitate, ask, pretend, coffee; Boys love to play / love playing football) BUT be careful with the verb like.
Promise, arrange, hurry, dare, consent.
Like to do Like doing
Plan, come, attempt, and resolve, Like to do can mean that we Like doing is used when we talk about
Manage, expect, help, decide, agree, hope. prefer to do something even though we hobbies and interests:
With verbs afford, fail, incline and refuse may not enjoy it, but we consider it to They like fishing much (they really
Only infinitive we`re going to use. be the right thing to do: I like to have enjoy the process).
my teeth examined every six months I don`t like cooking (I don`t enjoy it)
Yuriy Popov (the person hardly enjoys the process,
but he prefers to have his teeth
examined)
Mind that to-infinitive is always used after would like, would prefer and
would hate: 7. TRY
I would love to spend some with you.
Try to do Try doing
I would love spending some time with you.
Try to do means to attempt something, Try doing means to do something
to do one`s best (), it which might solve a problem, a kind of
4. STOP implies some effort: experiment, an option ():
The surgeons are trying to save his life - I can`t open this tin.
Stop to do Stop doing (they are doing their best, trying hard) - Try using a knife (it might help)
Stop to do means to stop in order to do Stop doing means to quit doing
something (, something, to end an action 8. MEAN
): ( ):
They stopped to smoke (they wanted to They stopped smoking (they gave up a
Mean to do Mean doing
have a cigarette) bad habit) Mean to do = to intend to do something Mean doing something expresses the
, : idea of thing resulting in another
5. REMEMBER AND FORGET I didn`t mean to hurt her feelings ():
(I didn`t intend to) I`m applying for a visa. It means filling
Remember / forget to do Remember / forget doing a lot of forms
Remember / forget to do is used for Remember / forget doing is used to talk
necessary actions: about actions in the past: 9. GO ON
Will you remember to call him later? (it I remember calling him. He was busy
is necessary to call him) that moment (I remember the action
Go on to do Go on doing
They forgot to feed the cat (it was itself) Go on to do means to start doing Go on doing means to continue doing
necessary to feed the cat) She will never forget meeting Michael something different, to do the next the same thing ():
Jackson (she will never forget that past thing ( , The children went on talking in spite of
event) ): their teacher was looking at them.
The teacher introduced herself and
6. REGRET AND SORRY went on to explain about the course

Regret to do; sorry to do Regret doing; sorry about doing 10. NEED
Regret to do; sorry to do mean to be Regret doing; sorry about doing mean
sorry for something you are going to to be sorry about some past action,
Need to do Need doing
do, or doing, e. g. breaking bad news: about doing something wrong: Need to do means that a person has to Need doing is used with inanimate
I regret to inform you that you haven`t I regret being so rude (I was wrong) do something: objects without identifying the doer of
been allowed a day off. I`m sorry about making all that noise He needs to wash his car (there is the the action:
I`m sorry to tell you this but your test last night (I was wrong) doer of the action He) His car needs cleaning (there is no doer
score is rather low. of the action)
11. ANXIOUS

Anxious to do Anxious about doing


Anxious to do means that a person Anxious about doing means that a
wants to do something (): person is worried about something
I`m anxious to see the Pyramids ():
I`m anxious about her being absent

12. AFRAID

Afraid to do Afraid of doing


Afraid to do means that a person Afraid of doing means that a person is
doesn`t want to perform the action in process of doing something and he /
because he / she is too frightened to do she is afraid of possible consequences:
it: I was afraid of sounding foolish (I
I`m afraid to talk to our boss (I don`t might sound foolish).
want to talk to him, that`s why I don`t A person can`t influence the situation:
do it) I`m afraid of falling from the roof (we
A person avoids doing the action, he can`t imply that`s why I avoid doing
can, but he doesn`t want to it)

Interesses relacionados