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Serving the Community since 1985

In Gear 20162017

ROTARY CLUB OF BEAUMARIS WEEKLY BULLETIN Number 37, 1 May 2017

Next Meetings
Presidents Report
THURSDAY 4 MAY
Last Thursday our own John Sime did not disappoint and gave ART OF KAKADU
us a very informative talk on mosquitoes and malaria. Whilst BAYSIDE COUNCIL ARTRIUM EXHIBITION SPACE
he scared us with the forecast that malaria is likely to spread ROYAL AVENUE, SANDRINGHAM
as the worlds climate changes he was also able to be reassur- VIEWING STARTS AT 6:30
ing when describing the developments in finding a vaccine, He DRINKS & FINGER FOOD
also reminded us that still water is the ideal breeding ground $25
for mosquitoes. Have members gone around their backyards
making sure there are no unintentional breeding ponds? His THURSDAY 11 MAY
talk is summarised later in this bulletin. FAMILY LIFE: MARIE STANWAY
CHAIR:ROY SEAGER
Our meeting on Thursday will be at the Artrium gallery space in AV: ROSS PHILLIPS
the Bayside City Council offices in Royal Avenue Sandring- CASH DESK: KERRIE GEARD & CHARMAINE JANSZ
ham. It will be the official opening of the Art of Kakadu exhibi- HOST: TONY MCKENNA
tion. This is an exciting new venture for the club and your con-
tinued support is encouraged as the exhibition subsequently THURSDAY 18 MAY
tours all the Bayside libraries. PE PLANS CHRIS DARCY
CHAIR: MARY SEALY
Also on Thursday is the District 9810 Golf Day, being held at AV: KEN MIRAMS
the Keysborough Golf Club. This is an unfortunate clash of CASH DESK: JAMES GLENWRIGHT AND DAVID LANGWORTHY
dates as it means that, due to our commitment to the art exhi- HOST: KEN MIRAMS
bition, only a few members will be available to play. But it is a
quality team led by Tony Phillips and trophies are anticipated! THURSDAY 25 MAY
FELLOWSHIP EVENT: PINOT AND PALLETE
Thursday is also the night of the fund-raising dinner being held DETAILS TBA
by Huntingdale and Clayton Rotary clubs in support of re-
search into Parkinsons Disease. Geoff and Jean Stringer
have indicated that they will be attending.

A reminder of some important dates in May:


9 May - Board Meeting
Unless stated otherwise venue is
13 May- Farmers Market Victoria Golf Club 6.30 for 7.00
21 May - District Assembly
25 May Bottle and Brush Night
Contents

But perhaps an even more important date is our meeting on18 1 Presidents Report
2 Notices
May when President Elect Chris DArcy will outline his plans 3 Man vs Mosquito
for the coming year. 5 Art of Kakadu
6 The Heart Bus Dinner
Yours in Rotary 7
8
Bayside Mayoral Charity Golf Day
Club Structure / Photo of Week

Malcolm
R OT AR Y C L U B OF BE AU M AR IS B U L L ET IN SER VIN G T H E COM M U N IT Y SINC E 1985

237 Bay Road,


Discounted agents fees are available from Hocking Stuart for
Cheltenham VIC 3192 RCOB Members.
03 8535 7980

Hocking Stuart Sandringham


62-64 Station Street
Telephone: 03 9521 9800

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R OT AR Y C L U B OF BE AU M AR IS B U L L ET IN SER VIN G T H E COM M U N IT Y SINC E 1985

Mankind vs Mosquito
Mosquito lifecycle
Homo sapiens (our species) originated in Africa about 150,000
years ago
About 100 billion human beings have lived on the earth be-
tween then and now
Probably 50% of all these human beings have died from mos-
quito borne disease
More than 1 million people per year still die from mosquito
borne disease
Half the worlds population lives in areas where mosquito borne
disease is prevalent
Mosquitoes have been around for over 70 million years
(Context: Dinosaurs died out about 60 million years ago) Eggs laid in still water
Mankind has always lived with mosquitoes we have co- Larvae eat bacteria / algae in water
evolved
Larvae stay at waters surface to breathe
There are about 3500 species of mosquito, 500 of them in Aus-
tralia Four stages of pupa, formation of organs

Mosquito Borne Diseases: Whole cycle takes about ten days

Dengue Fever Baddies and Worse-ies

Yellow Fever
Zika
Japanese Encephalitis
Ross River Virus
Barmah Forest Virus
Australian Encephalitis
West Nile Virus
Chikungunya Lifecycle of Malaria parasite

MALARIA
What is Malaria?
The mosquito is easily the worlds most deadly animal
World Health Organisation Malaria Awareness Day 25 April.
Symptoms of Malaria are described in 4000 year old Egyptian
texts and in Greek texts from 2500 years ago
Malaria was always associated with wet, swampy places Good News
Hence the name: Malaria = mala aria = bad air in Italian Only one genus of mosquito (Anopheles) can transmit Malaria
(word first used 1740) to humans
Malaria is a complicated parasitic disease in which mosquitoes Only female mosquitoes bite humans!
and humans are both victims and cross-infect each other
Mosquitoes mate only once. Job done, males then die!
The 1902 Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded to British phy-
sician Sir Ronald Ross for working out the life cycle of the ma- Mosquitoes breed best in semi- tropical to tropical climates
larial parasite Anopheles mosquitoes feed only early to late evening

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R OT AR Y C L U B OF BE AU M AR IS B U L L ET IN SER VIN G T H E COM M U N IT Y SINC E 1985

The blood taken by the female Anopheles mosquito is not for History of Malaria treatment
food. The blood is broken down in a special vessel to provide
~1600 Quinine (bark of cinchona tree from Peru)
the raw material for her eggs
1930s Atebrine
Mosquitoes feed off the blood of other animals too
1940s Chloroquine
This animal malaria is not transmissible to humans
1970s Doxycycline
Bad News
1980s Mefloquine (Lariam)
Four others (Aedes, Culex, Mansonia, Sabethe) can transmit
viral diseases to humans 2000s Artemisins (from Chinese herbal medicine)
Females can produce up to 500 eggs which they lay in batch- 2020s Smarter Biochemistry!
es of 50 to 100 every few days Some anti-mosquito insecticides
More of the world is going this way! Mosquitoes inhabit every
Pyrethroids (extracts from chrysanthemum)
continent except Antarctica
Organochlorines (DDT, Dieldrin, Lindane, Dioxin, PCB)
The other disease transmitting mosquitoes (especially Aedes)
feed at any time of day or night. Organophosphates (Malathion, Parathion, Sarin!!)
Mosquito bites are a major factor in the managed spread of Carbamates (Aldicarb, Carbofuran)
Calicivirus among rabbits in Australia Note: Most acceptable products no longer active against
Malaria can infect birds, reptiles, rodents and mammals mosquitoes or too toxic for the environment.
(including cats and dogs)

Mosquito deterrents
Citronella
Eucalyptus oil
Tea tree oil
DEET (DiEthylToluamide)
Neem oil (from Indian Neem tree)
Most only marginally effective. Mosquitoes attracted by
CO2 in respired air, body heat and various chemicals in body
perspiration

Climate change effects Wrap up


Projected distribution of potential disease bearing mosquitoes Mosquitoes have always been a part of human existence.
Note: Northern coast of Australia and Gulf Coast of USA While annoying / threatening, they closely share our ecology.
Destroying the mosquito might be possible but would it be a
good idea?
Remember the Cane Toad!!

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ROT ARY CL UB OF BEAUM ARIS BUL LET IN SERVING T HE COMMU NIT Y SINCE 1985

CLUB STRUCTURE 2015 / 16 UPDATED 17/10/2016


BOARD CLUB SERVICE TEAM
President Malcom Sawle President Elect / Director Chris D'Arcy
President Elect Chris DArcy Auditor Tony Phillips
Secretary James Glenwright Program Adrian Culshaw
Treasurer Richard Jones Meeting Attendance Chris D'Arcy
Projects Robert McArthur Communications David Lea
Independent Kerrie Geard Social Media Tim Dark Bridget Hage
Past President Trish Smyth Fellowship David Langworthy
COMMITTEE CHAIRS Photographer Max Darby, Megan Glenwright
Foundation Mike Hede Almoner Lois Lindsay, Charmaine Jansz
Membership Lynda Doutch Chair /Host /Cashiers /AV Roster
Public Relations Peter Flude Youth Protection Officer }
International John Sime Compliance Officer } Ken Mirams, Geoff Abbott
Youth Service Chris Martin Archivist John Beaty
Community Chris Werner
Fundraising Heather Chisholm
TEAM MEMBERS

International Community Youth Fundraising


Fred Hofmann Geoff Abbott David Rushworth Jim OBrien
Ken Mirams Tim Dark Tony McKenna * Antony Nixon
John Manks Mary Sealy Vivienne Zoppolato Roger Frewen
Geoff Stockdale Richard Shermon Lois Lindsay Geoff Stringer
Ross Phillips Tony Phillips David Hone#
Clem Quick Martin Fothergill (Golf)
John Van Dyk Membership
Mary Cunnington Megan Glenwright
Max Darby
Martin Fothergill Public Relations
Greg Every

# Indigenous Project * District


Poincenot
Reflections
Photograph by Gheorghe Popa
The Aguja Poincenot is located in
the northern part of Parque Nacion-
al Los Glaciares, in Argentinian
Patagonia.
This granite spire is part of the Fitz-
Roy range that stretches (south to
north) from Cerro Techado Ne-
gro (2152m) to Cerro Electri-
co (2257m).

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