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Table of Content


Message from the Executive Director……………………………………………………………………………………………............4

Introduction and Project Background……………………………………………………………………………………………….……….5

1.0 OPENING SESSION- Welcome Address………………………………………………………………………………………………..7

2.0 Opening Statements from a Technical Officer…………………………………………………………………………………….8

2.1 Message from Peace Corp Associate Director Environment……………………………………………………………….11

3.0 Keynote Address…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12

4.0 Parallel Discussions……………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..13

4.1 The impact of youth volunteerism (YV) on the society………………………………………………………………………..13

4.2 Ways of getting the youth into volunteerism………………………………………………………………………………………13

5.0 Partnership and Collaboration…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

6.0 Outcomes and Plan of Actions…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

6.2 Clean-up Exercise at Madina Market………………………………………………………………………………………………..…15

6.3. Soccer at Nmai-djor……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………16

6.4 Health outreach at Otopease in the Central Region of Ghana………………………………………………..…………..16

7.0 Lessons and Challenges …………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………..16

8.0 Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………..17

Appendix A – Agenda……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………….……21
Appendix B – Opportunities Corner………………………………………………………………………….…………………………….…23
Appendix C – Resource Material - Ghana Health Service………………………………………………….……………………….25
Appendix D- Pictures; Presentations and Open Forum………………………………………………………………………………31
Appendix E- Pictures; Soccer and Sensitization at Nmai djor……………………………………………………………………..33
Appendix F- Pictures; Clean-up Exercise at Madina…………………………………………………..………………………………34
Appendix G- Pictures; Medical Outreach in Otopease Village………………………….…………………………….............35

The Global Youth Service Day (GYSD) would not have been possible without the invaluable contribution
and financial support provided by Aryton Drug LTD, Bonimac Engineering Services, Country Cones
Enterprise, Sally’s Drug Store, Yuri-M Plastic Products, Walgust Tomatoe Paste, Crystal Eye Clinic, and
Jerwingel Aluminum Fabricators. We are also indebted to the Ghana Health Service, Agric Research
Center (Legon), Peace Corps, and the Adentan Municipal Assembly for their support and co-operation
throughout this project.

Special mention must be made of the Special Guests whose insight and experience provided inspiration for
the deliberations: Samuel Danquah, Associate Director (Environment) Community Based Natural Resource
Management for Livelihood Security, American Peace Corps – Ghana; Emmanuel Tswumesi, Ghana Health
service; Stephen Nyarko-Ameyaw, Ghana Health service.

Also deeply appreciated is the institutional support from both teaching and non-teaching staff of Ghana
Christian University. Particular thanks to Mr. Nortey, Patrick Cline, Dean SCD; and Kimberly Daniels, Team
Expansion and lecturer at Ghana Christian University College.

We express our gratitude to the Chief of Otopease, Nii Quashiefio, Elders and People of Otopease for their
immense support and graceful reception.

Our appreciation also goes to Mr. Kwame Annane-Frimpony Country Director, GYAN Ghana. Thanks to the
GYSD 2008 National Lead Agency Project Team; Cyril France, Ernest Odei, Daniel Odame, Francis McCarthy,
Stephen Ameyaw, Robert Perez, Enoch Oppan and Chamberlain Nyemi-Tei, once again thanks for your
selfless commitment to youth service.
Further thanks to Emmanuel Otoo, Coordinator of the UNDP Ghana HDR 2007, for inspiration from the
Human Development Report 2007.

Finally, but for the active participation of the various stakeholders (Government, private sector, traditional
authorities, CSOs, FBOs, NGOs, media, students and youth groups), the project would never have been
We thank everyone involved directly and indirectly in making this project a success, we are most grateful.

Art work on cover page was done by Francis Ansah Jr. of Kobby productions, editing was done by Afua
Akyaa Nyarko; Student University of Ghana, Legon, Abraham Nii-Baah Tetteh; Student Winneba College of
Education Kumasi Campus, Azalea Brown (Westland Youth Association) and Samuel Dzokoto; Student of

Compiled by: Cyril Nii-Offei France (Co-ordinator)

Ernest Asiedu Odei (Youth Develoment Consultant-YOUR-NET & LEO & KARIN)
Carolyn Dunne (Rochester Institute of Technology)
GYSD 2008-NLA Ghana
Vidar Ekehaug (Director of Programs, GYAN, U.S.A)
Final Editor.

MESSAGE FROM Ernest Asiedu Odei
I am glad today and appreciate all the efforts you have made to join us in our
effort to bring change into our communities and positively impact the lives of
young people throughout the world. I must congratulate you all, young people
who are directly contributing to the success of Youth Realities Network (YOUR-
NET). The time you volunteer to YOUR-NET, the phone calls we receive from you
wanting to learn more about our programs, and the hard work you all do for
YOUR-NET is invaluable to the work we do. With YOUR-NET, you all serve as a
frontier to the cause of youth transformation in education and community development. A strong and
vibrant youth base has been established with our work, ready to volunteer to continue to build better
communities through meaningful participation and empowerment of all citizens of our world society.
I encourage youth worldwide to form networks of volunteer groups in their communities to clean their
hometown so as to prevent diseases such as malaria and cholera, both illnesses that are borne out of dirt.

We must not wait for others to tell us to clean our environment before we act, nor should we wait to see
lives lost before we take action. Our environment is our life, and we must protect it with all seriousness.
We are the torchbearers, not only for current leadership but future governments as well. Let us set the
standard now before it is too late. Change lies with us, so let us take appropriate action. Without our own
conviction and work, our ecosystems will be destroyed and our destruction won’t be long in coming.

In the year 2007 we were the local organizers for Global Youth Service Day 2007. In 2008 we celebrated
this Global event as the National Lead Agency (NLA) for the whole of Ghana. This is no mean achievement
considering the fact that we celebrated our first anniversary in January of that same year. We have come
this far thanks to the support of our Board of Directors, volunteers, donors, and individuals like you.

In addition, YOUR-NET would also like to thank GYAN Ghana and the USA for their confidence and trust.
The Peace Corps, Ayrton Drug Manufacturing Ltd., Bonnimac Engineering, University of Ghana Agric
Research Center, Sally’s Drug Store, Delta Distribution, Ghana Health Service, and Jerwingle Enterprise
have also been imperative to the growth of YOUR-NET.

Other organizations that have helped us realize our success are Yuri-M Plastic Products Ltd., Country Cones
Enterprise Ltd., and Ghana Christian University College. Their contributions largely assisted to the success
of Global Youth Service Day 2008. Such cooperation is a great step to future long term partnerships with
YOUR-NET and other organizations worldwide.

I would finally like to thank the media for the publicity they gave to the event celebration, especially
OMAN FM’s representative, who covered all of the day’s events at Global Youth Service Day.
I want to thank you all again for your dedication to YOUR-NET and your own desire to improve the lives of
others. Please know that your efforts have not gone unnoticed, and your continued work will improve the
lives of even more people as we continue together in our efforts.


The United Nations took a giant step at its Millennium Summit in 2000, which saw the drafting and signing
of the eight Millennium Development Goals. 189 countries in support of realizing each goal by 2015 signed
it. Ghana was one of the countries. The MDGs serve as a blueprint and as a strategic framework for all
governments, CSOs and NGOs to measure and compare progress towards meeting the development goals
of the 21st century. Most of these goals are directly or indirectly geared at the reduction of poverty and
provision of good health.

It is evident that Malaria contributes substantially to the poor health situation in Africa and Ghana to be
precise. It is recorded that Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 90 percent of the world’s 300-500 million
malaria cases annually with about 90 percent of all these deaths occurring among children. In Ghana,
malaria is the first and most important cause of morbidity accounting for 40-60 percent of outpatient visits
to public health facilities. Malaria constituted about 42 percent of all outpatient morbidity and its
prevalence increased consistently from 42.9 percent in 2000 to 44.1 percent in 2004, indicating an
increase in percentage. Malaria attacks are associated with poor social, economic and environmental
conditions that make the incidence of the malaria disease very prevalent among the poor and the
vulnerable as well in deprived neighbourhoods, bringing about serious socio-economic challenges and
exclusion. 1

For this reason, Youth Realities Network (YOUR-NET), a youth-led and youth-focused organization, is of the
opinion that the MDGs could better be realized through the involvement and participation of young
people, especially those who live outside major cities or towns of developing countries such as Ghana.

It is against this background that YOUR-NET organised the GYSD from 25th to 27th April 2008, themed: “Kick
Malaria Out Through Health Education and Soccer” with focus on achieving goal six (6) of the MDGs –
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other Diseases. The Global Youth Service Day is to reach the following
target groups; Junior High, Senior High and University Students, youth groups, young people, government
and UN agencies.

Implementation was in the following communities: “Otopease” a village in the Ewutu district of the
Central Region in Ghana. In Greater Accra the Global Youth Service Day was held at the following places
“Amrahia”, “Adenta”, “Nmai Djor” all in the Adenta Municipal Assembly.

Otopease is a village in Ewutu District of the Central Region. It has a population of about 500 people with
most of the inhabitants being peasant farmers. About 90% of the working population earns less than a
dollar a day. Studies showed that 98% of the pupils who attend school at the two government assisted
schools had no or little knowledge of the MDGs.

Health in the Otopease and Ewutu District in general is very ‘bad’. Otopease and all the neighbouring
towns have no proper health centres neither do they have good drinking water nor electricity. Malaria has
been the number one killerdisease in this village and surrounding towns. Anyone attacked by severe
Malaria surely dies not only because there is no health post there but also the people lack basic health
care knowledge on Malaria prevention.

(HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases) Human Development Report 2007, pp. 39-40

58% of the population of Otopease is under the age of 25 years. Yet, this segment of the population is
grossly under-represented in the decision-making forums related to their problems including the
government forums, and NGOs, etc.

The second community, Nmai djor is a town in Ashaley Botwe in the Greater Accra Region. Nmai Djor has a
population of about 4,250 people with a small size of its inhabitants as petty traders. In this town also,
about 78% of the people earn less than a dollar a day. Research conducted by YOUR-NET revealed that
95% of the youth in school and adults have little or no knowledge of the MDGs.

“The United Nations can never succeed alone. Only by forming partnerships with governments, the
private sector, and civil society around the world, can it change lives, save lives, strengthen
democracy and human rights, and offer support, comfort, and protection to the poor, the sick, and
the dispossessed. Volunteers are some of our most valued partners, and Global Youth Service Day
celebrates the efforts of the youngest of them. These young people are not only the leaders of
tomorrow; they can play a leading role in the development of their communities today. Let us hope
that their good works today blossom into lifelong commitments that will benefit the entire world's
people,” Kofi Annan, Former Secretary-General, United Nations.2

Malaria is the number one cause of both child and infant death in this town. Even though Nmai djor has a
private health centre, inadequate knowledge of the basic prevention methods of the disease and drugs
have caused harm to the people bringing about preventable deaths.

Most MDGs campaign and communiqués have been centred in cities like Accra without the involvement of
those in areas like Otopease etc. Studies have shown that a large majority of both adults and youths of
Otopease, Nmai Djor, Amrahia etc. are not aware of the basic prevention methods of Malaria and further
are unaware of how they can prevent it.

In order to make a wide-spread and lasting impact on the future of Otopease, Nmai Djor, Amrahia etc., the
youth needs to be educated and involved in the prevention process and programs so that they become
aware of the timeline of the MDGs and be part of the historic movement against Malaria while addressing
the needs of the community. This will ultimately impact their daily lives and change the face of individual
and family lives in these communities.
Specifically, the GYSD sought to:
educate (on basic malaria prevention strategies) and provide medical outreach to the targeted
inspire and create a sense and spirit of civic engagement among the youth and young people in all
project locations;
provide impetus and an enabling environment for the youth to be part of the Global Campaign
against Malaria, the MDGs and decision making on issues that affect them and their community;
involve the media through a strategic media relation to help in ensuring widespread awareness on
the achievement of the youth in project communities and schools;
Celebrate successfully implemented youth-led projects.

The United Nations cannot do it alone as stated recently by Eveline Herfkens – Executive Coordinator of
the Millennium Campaign, United Nations. She argued, “The degree to which commitments are kept


depends largely on people outside of the UN system. The UN can create the platform, but only the citizens
of those states can hold their governments accountable.”


Welcome Address
In a welcome statement, Cyril Nii Offei France, Project Coordinator of GYSD 2008, NLA-Ghana, said the
event seeks to create a sphere that will enable young people to work in unison and further identify and
discuss practicable and workable solutions for malaria eradication. Young people and youth have pertinent
roles to play in the global campaign to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Growth
and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II) (national strategic policy document); it offers them the utmost
opportunity for their needs to be met in a more sustainable and multifaceted manner.

It is most apt that this gathering takes place the sunup of the World Malaria Day. Clearly, this gathering is
imperative to the extent that it serves as a stimulant to all stakeholders to heed the clarion call for
effective and efficient engagement of young people as a great resource in the fight against malaria.3

According to Mr. France, the youth are creative and innovative. More and more young people are
becoming actively involved in areas of development such as community development, IT, health and
HIV/AIDS education. Our youth are already playing catalytic roles in Ghana’s growth and development.
However, on the whole, the youth are generally marginalized in national economic, social and political
Mr. France stressed the need for a change in perceptions about young people and the youth. The youth
are not merely a target for which development must be found; but partners helping to chart their own
course for the future. He added that young people are champions of social change and bring these values
to the development process. In short, young people are an asset, not a problem.

Mr. France outlined the background of the GYSD and the role of young people. This is a youth-led
response to the maladies. YOUR-NET is at the fore-front of this drive, upon a successful hosting of the
2007 GYSD as a local organizer (LO). YOUR-NET won the bid through a highly competitive international
selection committee. As the National Lead Agency (NLA), the core responsibility includes co-coordinating
all GYSD events in the country.

Global Youth Service Day is an annual event in which millions of young people in countries all over the
world highlight and carry out thousands of community improvement projects. It is the largest celebration
of young volunteers. GYSD offers a way for local, national, and international organizations to:
1. BUILD the capacity of an international network of organizations that promote youth participation,
service and learning;
2. EDUCATE the public, the media and policy makers about the year-round contributions of young
people as community leaders around the world;
3. MOBILIZE youth and adults to meet the needs of their communities through volunteering and
4. LEARN and share effective practices in youth service, youth voice and civic engagement in the
world today.

The term “stakeholders,” refers to government and its institutions, policy makers, opinion leaders, NGOs, CSOs, FBOs, media and the youth.

Mr. France finally welcomed everyone present and also expressed his heartfelt appreciation to
distinguished guests who have demonstrated their zeal for youth development and malaria eradication by
making time to participate in this event.” It is an honor having you present!”

2.0 Opening Statement

Mr. Stephen Nyarko-Ameyaw, a Principal Technical Officer at the Ghana Health Service and a Student of
the University, and Mr. Emmanuel Twumasi, a Technical Officer in charge of Data Management at the
Malaria Control Programme Unit of the Ghana Health Service, used the forum as an opportunity to throw
more light on malaria related issues and also expressed their gratitude for the opportunity.

They referred to the Abuja Declaration and Africa Malaria Day document, and said that on the 25th of April
2000 an unprecedented number of Heads of States or senior representatives from 44 malaria countries in
Africa came together in Abuja, Nigeria to attend the first ever summit on malaria. At the summit, the
African Heads of States / leaders signed the historic Abuja Declaration committing them to an intensive
effort to halve the burden of malaria by 2010 and setting interim targets for the year 2005. They resolved
to initiate appropriate and sustainable action to strengthen the health system by the year 2005:

The “3” 60% of Abuja Targets

60% of all children under 5 years and pregnant women should sleep under insecticide- treated
60% of all pregnant women would have access to IPT;
60% of all malaria cases would have access to effective and prompt malaria treatment within 24
hours of onset of early signs and symptoms.

During this same meeting, it was also agreed upon to commemorate the summit by declaring April 25 th
each year as Africa Malaria Day. Hence Ghana, like other African countries, has set the month of April
every year as Malaria Month.

Touching on the theme Malaria, A disease without Borders, Mr. Emmanuel Tswumasi outlined the causes
of malaria. He said Malaria is a parasitic disease, caused by Protozoan, and called Plasmodium (plural,
Plasmodia) a small parasite which cannot be seen with the naked eyes but with a microscope.
Furthermore he outlined four (4) main types of human malaria parasites: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium
falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium ovale.
In Ghana:
Plasmodium falciparum causes approximately 80% - 90% of malaria cases and is the most
dangerous and deadly parasite;
Plasmodium malariae causes about 10% - 20% of malaria cases;
Plasmodium ovale, approximately 0.15% of malaria cases and
Plasmodium vivax, according to documented records, is not in Ghana.

These parasites are transmitted through the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito during blood
meal. The mosquito needs blood for the development of its eggs. The common types of the female
Anopheles mosquito species that transmit malaria in Ghana are:
An. funestus;
An. Melas, found in mangrove swamps especially in some parts of Western Region and
An. Arabiensis, found in northern Ghana.

Mosquito’s Life Cycle
The life cycle of the mosquito takes place in two (2) environments: water and land and passes through 4
stages namely;
The egg, larva and pupa stages occur in water while the adult, on land. The eggs of the mosquito develop
after 2 blood meals and it takes 2 – 3 days to mature. The mosquito lives averagely for 28 days or 4 weeks
and lay up to about 5 – 7 batches of eggs. Each batch of the egg contains averagely 100 – 150 single eggs.
The eggs are laid into water which takes 1 – 2 days to hatch into the first instars (larva), the larval stage
takes 8 – 10 days and develops into pupa which last for 2 – 3 days which then emerges into the young
adult mosquito. The adult mosquito can averagely fly for a distance of 2 kms.

Mode of transmission / how malaria is transmitted

For malaria transmission to occur there should be:
Mosquito – The Vector
Parasite – The Plasmodium
Host – Human being

The Mosquito
When one is bitten by the infected Anopheles female mosquito, it sucks up a mixture of blood and the
malaria parasite into its stomach. The parasite takes several days to undergo series of growth and
development inside the mosquito which finally moves across the stomach walls of the mosquito into its
several glands. The mosquito can then pass on the parasite when it bites another person. Inside the
mosquito, the parasite matures until it reaches the sexual (infective) stage where it can again infect a
human host when the mosquito takes his or her blood meal, 10 – 14 more days later.

The parasite and man

The mosquito introduces the parasite into man during blood meal. Inside man, the parasite lives, grows,
multiplies and undergoes a series of changes as part of its complex life cycle. Its various stages allow
Plasmodia to evade the immune system, infect the liver cells and the blood cells.

In the liver, the parasites evade special cells, go through stages of growth, development and multiplication
and finally destroy the liver cells releasing more parasites which then evade the Red Blood Cells (RBCs) and
finally develop into a form (male and female gametocytes) that is able to infect a mosquito again when it
bites an infected person. P. vivax and P. ovale can re-evade the liver cells forming hypnozoites cells.
P.falciparum, the most dreadful type, destroys the RBCs and sometimes clog (sequester form rosette) the
capillaries that carry blood to the brain or other vital organs (cerebral malaria).

Malaria is a very dangerous disease. Sometimes it may become so severe that the person can die a few
days after the disease begins if not properly treated. For this reason, it is imperative that any person with
malaria is given the correct, prompt and effective treatment, as early as possible, preferably as soon as the
first attack of fever and within 24 hours.

Who gets malaria in Ghana?
People of all ages can be infected with malaria parasites and become ill. Babies, young children and
pregnant women suffer most from malaria and can die if not promptly and adequately treated with
effective antimalaria drugs. Generally adults living in areas where the occurrence of malaria is very high
and almost throughout the year do not usually suffer too much because their bodies have developed some
immunity against the disease, but they still need the treatment when they fall sick. Adults who have come
from areas with little or no malaria to live or visit family and friends in malaria-infected areas can become
very sick with malaria, just like children.

Forms of Malaria
Malaria can be described as simple (uncomplicated) or severe (complicated) malaria.

Simple / Uncomplicated Malaria

The malaria symptoms appear usually 9 – 14 days after the infectious mosquito bite, although this varies
from species. The person commonly complains of the following;
Fever (rise in body temperature);
Joint and bone pains;
Pains in the whole body or behind the eyes;
Often weak;
Dehydrated and sleepy;
They may also be confused;
They may have nausea, vomiting, mild form of diarrhoea;
Some may cough especially in children;
Some may have repeated symptoms of fever, chills and sweating;
In children they may refuse to eat.

Severe / Complicated Malaria

If the uncomplicated malaria is not properly and adequately treated it becomes severe / complicated and
the person usually has the following symptoms:
Sometimes vomits a lot, and cannot take medicine;
Gets yellow eyes;
Dark urine, no or little urine;
High, persistent fever, feel very weak and at times unable to stand or stay awake;
Cannot think clearly and feel sleepy;
Can have convulsion (fit) and sometimes completely unconscious;
Short of breath and there may be bleeding;
There may be coma;
Can lead to cerebral malaria (Malaria of the Brain).

Effect of Malaria in Pregnant Women

During pregnancy the woman’s immunity is weakened. Immunity to malaria is altered especially during the
first and second pregnancies. The blood smear / laboratory test may be negative but the parasites may be
hiding in the placenta interfering with oxygen and nutrients to unborn babies causing a lot of problems
which can lead to one or more of the following:

Spontaneous abortion;
Stillbirth (child may die in vitro);
Pre – term birth / miscarriages (birth before the actual birth time);
Low birth weight – small baby in weight (malaria contributes about 35%);
Maternal anaemia (malaria contributes about 15%);
Anaemia in babies (when born).

Effects of Malaria in Children

High rate of unacceptable mortality in children. Malaria accounts for 1 in 5 of all childhood deaths
in Africa;
Low birth weights and premature delivery, both of which are associated with increased risk of
neonatal death and impaired cognitive development which may cause brain damage;
Cerebral malaria; approximately 70% of children who survive cerebral malaria are left with
permanent neurological problems which include weakness, spasticity, blindness, speech problems
and epilepsy;
It also causes Anaemia and learning difficulties.

What to do when one gets Malaria

Rush the child / person to the nearest health facility;
Obey and follow the instructions given by the health service provider with regards to the drugs
(appropriate Antimalaria drugs);
Continue with the medication even if the person feels better until everything / all the medication is
If conditions persist or do not get better, go back to the service provider / the health facility;
In young children, physicians usually have to rely upon what their parents / caretakers tell them.
The mother will often say that the body is hot, that they shiver;
Remember to tell the health care provider the medicine taken, how much and when it was taken.
Note!! If appropriate measures are not taken against simple malaria it may lead to severe form and
even death within 24 – 48 hours.

2.1 Message from Peace Corp Associate Director (Environment)

Mr. Samuel Danquah, Associate Director (Environment) Community Based Natural Resource Management
for Livelihood Security, American Peace Corp – Ghana, majored his presentation on volunteerism
especially among young people. He quoted the former US President John F. Kennedy saying, “Ask not what
your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country.” He advised the youth to seek areas
and what they can do to help individuals and society at large. He said offering service to help humanity
should be done without expecting reward or focusing on what they can get, but with the spirit of altruism.
He added that for development to thrive it is imperative young people and individuals position themselves
for the advancement of the communities in which they reside and the nation as a whole.
Mr. Danquah outlined the benefits one gets from performing voluntary service:
Volunteerism provides you with the opportunity to build self-esteem and self-reliance as you learn
to do things consistently for others and yourself;
From volunteering in a community’s clean-up campaign you could mobilize resources and raise
When you volunteer it enables you build a pool of networks and helps you stay abreast with issues;

Your selfless service to society will gain the needed recognition, hence gaining respect and approval
from community leaders and the entire people;
It is a form of informal education and provides you with practical skills you may use as a leader or
in your professional career. Such skills include how to mobilize and manage resources, design and
execute projects.

Furthermore, Mr. Danquah added the need for volunteerism:

Volunteerism is a prerequisite for positive social change;
Since Ghana is a nation with the youth forming the larger percentage, it is imperative they
Volunteerism can bring about the needed change in a community.

3.0 Keynote Address

In a Keynote Address, the Member of Parliament for the Adenta Municipal Assembly, Hon. Opare
Hammond urged participants, especially young people, to contribute their quota effectively towards the
attainment of the MDGs and the nation’s strategic development framework GPRS II. He rekindled the zeal
of participants to join the campaign against, indiscriminate littering of the environment and improper
waste disposal methods and management. In this vein, the Honourable Minister stressed the need for
people to pay their refuse fees and to put up co-operative attitudes to help refuse collection and
management organizations and companies in the execution of their works. He projected good
environmental cleanliness and sanitation as one of the prerequisites for good health, especially malaria
prevention and control.

The Honourable Member of Parliament, who was speaking at the Global Youth Service Day 2008 forum at
Amrahia, also seized the opportunity to inform participants of the upgrading and creation of the Adenta
constituency as municipal Assembly. He said efforts are being made to bring all governmental departments
and machineries (which hitherto residents had to go to Tema before they could access their services), into
the Adenta municipality. Residents should now channel their grievances and requests to Adenta, the
municipal capital for redress.

Furthermore, the passionate MP implored participants to help educate the public, especially residents in
the Adenta municipality, to pay their dues, tolls, basic rates, licensing fees, etc. in order to help develop
the New Assembly. He assured that, the Adenta Assembly would be accountable to the public by annually
declaring its financial statements to the public. He also enumerated some of the developments he brought
to Amrahia which included the provision of potable water, construction of Junior High model classroom
blocks and street lights.

The guest of honor, Hon. Kojo Opare-Hammond said in as much as the government is doing her best to
make the NHIS accessible to all Ghanaians we must do our part by keeping our environment clean. He
lauded the efforts of ZoomLion but was quick to caution that sanitation was everybody’s business and that
all must get involved.

In the sphere of employment, according to Hon. Hammond, available statistics indicate that the Student
Internship module in the National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP) has yielded remarkable results
and has assisted several graduates and students sharpen and employ their skills towards the nation’s
development agenda.

Concerning the 2008 general election, the Hon. MP said the voter’s register would be opened in two weeks
at various polling stations. He encouraged qualified voters to go check their name, make necessary
corrections and also register if they have not.

4.0 Parallel Discussions

Group 1: Youth and Volunteerism (YV) – Incorporating the spirit of volunteerism among young people
Youth volunteerism is simply providing a pool of youth/young people with opportunities to provide
services to communities on voluntary basis as a means of contributing to the socio-economic and
sustainable development of the community.

4.1 The impact of youth volunteerism (YV) on the society:

The impact of youth volunteerism on any society cannot be underestimated. Such of which are as follows;
YV contributes to the overall development of societies where the youth consciously makes such
YV produces skilled youth who will eventually excel in their chosen professions, for the benefit of
the economy;
YV significantly reduces the state of youth violence and other social vices;
YV encourages young people to be responsible and show commitment to sustainable national
YV provides a platform for the youth to adopt a culture of selflessness and passion to serve society;
YV plays a key role in a nation’s overall development in the sense that, it reduces drastically the
cost of service provision; that is, giving out stipends or allowance instead of full salaries, hence
contributing to a nation’s economic growth.

4.2 Ways of getting the youth into volunteerism

With the growing number of young people globally, engaging them in a productive outlet is very
important. Therefore, there should be ways, procedures, and/or systems in place to encourage youth in
The government, in collaboration with the private sector, should introduce incentives, national
awards or prizes for youth actively involved in volunteerism; this will highlight their achievements
and further encourage other young people to provide voluntary services;
Volunteerism should be considered as a critical part of a the nation’s youth employment
programme and national policy, in doing this it instigates national recognition;
Public and private institutions as well as donor agencies should create such opportunities for the
youth; this could enhance their personal development in relation to future career aspirations.
Group 2: Youth and Political Development – The 2008 elections, impact on the youth
Prepared and presented by: Kingsley P Essegbey, CEO- eKingsBC Ltd (Social Enterprise & Management
Development Consultants).

1. What can be the role of the youth towards political development?

Take political responsibility for their future as Ghanaian youth and do not relegate political
responsibility to the elderly alone who are most of the time disconnected from the realities of the
youth who form about 52% of our population.
Make their own political decisions free from prejudice, fear or inferiority complexes.

Must be engaged in media dialogue i.e. TV, Radio, Social media, Debates etc.
Must recognize the need to protect the peace and political stability in the country and help
incarcerate all those who want to disrupt the current conditions of calm.
Must ensure that youthful and innovative representatives take up leadership roles.

2. What is the impact of politics on the youth today?

The work of the ruling NPP Government has provided an environment of freedom of speech where
everybody speaks his/her mind.
Freedom of political associations for youth development in/ and business.
Heightened awareness of political involvement by all interested persons.
Freedom to question any political opinion.
A feeling of hope for a bright future.
A feeling of deception/ confusion amongst the youth prevails.
A sense of anxiety and a fear of the unknown.
5.0 Partnership and Collaboration
YOUR-NET served as the 2008 National Lead Agency in Ghana for the GYSD. YOUR-NET, the
implementation agency, worked in partnership with the strategic partners to instigate managerial and
administrative processes needed for concurrent implementation before, during and after the project.
Thus, YOUR-NET was responsible for post-project activities, organization, documentation, venue, logistics,
publicity, participation, budget and finance.
Funding was provided for the Global Youth Service Day by Bonimac Engineering Services, Yuri-M
Plastic Products, Sally’s Drug Store, and Crystal Eye Clinic.
Ghana Health Service, Peace Corps, and the Adenta Municipal Assembly provided technical
support which formed the bases for the content development of the forum.
Equipment and labor for the clean-up exercise was provided by Zoomlion Ghana Limited.
Products were provided by Country Cones Enterprise, Delta Distributions, Jerwingel Aluminum
Fabricators, and Agric Research Center (Legon).
Drugs for the Medical Outreach were provided by Ayrton Drug LTD.

6.0. Outcomes and Plan of Actions

Opening Ceremony
Opening Ceremony/ Forum and Parallel Discussion

Main working language of the opening ceremony and parallel discussion was English.
An estimated number of 162 people were present at the opening ceremony; among the participant were
students from the Junior and Senior High school structure, university Students, youth groups, civil society
groups, religious bodies, government institutions and the media.
As part of awareness creation and sensitization initiative, 135 leaflets were given to participants.
Inscriptions and photo captions in the leaflet were on the different and effective ways of using Insecticide
Treated Nets (ITNs). Furthermore, three different malaria education and awareness posters were
distributed to selected institutions and individual organizations, in all a total number of 150 posters were

In an open dialogue, participants made the following observations:

“War against malaria requires collective effort”

“Interventions for malaria must be comprehensive and multi-sectoral, with particular emphasis on lactate
young women. The allocation of resources should recognize the vulnerability of young people, particularly
young women and nursing mothers”

“Society and especially young people view sanitation as a way of life. This is because the quality of living
that is expressed in a clean home, clean neighborhood, and clean society. Hence this must be promoted by
education and knowledge”
“Even as we expect much to be done by the government we must also take our destiny into our own hands
and forge ahead, whilst government compliments our efforts”.

“We must be very creative enough so as to come out with entrepreneurial innovations, translate them into
creating Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) which shall bring us regular source of income to sustain our
livelihood, thereby suppress the daily financial frustrations that we face”.

The second part of the opening ceremony was the Breakout and parallel discussion session. During the
session 21 selected participants were divided in three working groups according to their preferences and
qualifications each group produced a specific output which was relevant to the thematic areas:
Young people, health and malaria – impact on youth capital development;
Youth and volunteerism – incorporating the spirit of volunteerism among young people;
Youth and political development – the 2008 elections, impact on the youth.

The main outcomes of the Global Youth Service Day are the Recommendations which will feed into both
the Mid-Year Working document and YOUR-NET’s 2008 elections agenda. The selected 21participants
pledged their support for the YOUR-NET 2008 elections agenda.

As part of the project lessons, and recommendations the Mid-Year Working document will serve a
strategic path for post-project monitoring and sustainability. The breakout and parallel discussion session
built the capacity of 21 selected youth leaders and further deepened their commitment to youth

Sharing of the lessons learned and recommendations will be the responsibility of the working group in
consultation with YOUR-NET, channels for sharing – all relevant stakeholders (youth groups, key partners,
aid agencies, media government, international development agencies, private sector, civil society
organizations…), this is to solicit their partnership and support in pursuit of fulfilling the recommendations
in the Working document. For implementation of the recommendations, partnerships will be sort with the
media. The media will play imperative in raising public awareness on the malaria situation and the state of
young people.

6.2. Clean-up Exercise at Madina Market

Students of Ghana Christian University College (GCUC), realizing the importance of GYSD also set a day
aside to give back to their community by embarking on a massive clean-up exercise at the Madina Lorry
Park and market. They cleaned several stretches of gutters and swept the pavements. Furthermore, they

educated the market women, petty traders and shop owners to make it a habit to always make sure their
surroundings were clean this is because if they don’t they are going to use all monies they make to cure
diseases such as Malaria and Cholera.

6.3. Soccer at Nmai-djor

Soccer at Nmai-djor was watched by a crowd of 336 fans. Thus these were those counted. They were
educated and sensitizatized on Malaria. There was distribution of malaria prevention and treatment
flyers. The soccer tournament was between Nmai-djor United vrs Vampess United.

Supports were introduced to the supporting organizations names, brands and their location.

6.4. Health outreach at Otopease in the Central Region of Ghana

The main working language was “Fanti”, predominantly spoken by people in the Central Region. In
partnership with Sally’s Drug Store Mr. and his team, YOUR-NET organized a health sensitization and
screening exercise for residents of Otopease, a village in Ewutu Senya District of the Central Region, and its
environs. The first point of call was a courtesy-call on the Chief and Elders of Otopease. After a brief
discussion with the Chief and elders of the community, we received a resounding welcome from the
populace present. Community sensitization on malaria, administering of drugs pleasantries and departure.

214 people made up of children, youth, the aged and adults were served.

The total number of participants for the three (3) days event was 893.

7.0 Lessons and Challenges

Amidst organizational constrains – financial and operational. The tremendous support from our partners,
tireless and selfless dedication from the project team and volunteers, brought to fruition this noble
initiative. Hence we appeal to government, international partners, civil society, private sector and young
people to enhance their efforts to provide the conditions and opportunities for youth to take up their
rightful position in society. Furthermore it is dependent on equitable distribution of specific resources for
youth-led development and youth development. Our quest to organize the GYSD as the National Lead
Agency in Ghana, took us to three different communities, several institutions and companies, meeting
diverse group of people, which shared our vision of GYSD. Fundamental lessons and challenges are as

Working collectively creates supports systems when a team member breaks down, so inspiring!

It was an opportunity for us to seek, learn and understand the specific issues we were addressing;

Acquisition of organizational and leadership skills is assured, when diligent!

If you are well prepared (knowing what you are about) and you avail yourself, the door will be
opened to you!

Sustained partnership with other youth-led organizations and international organizations augments
and accelerates efforts;

Commitment and engagement of youth people in developmental processes have the potential to
enact far-reaching social change and development;

We are armed with knowledge, inspiration, and encouragement to change the world;

Always do your best to overcome the fear of mistakes and keep practicing after the mistakes!

Delegating some assignments was difficult as a result of inadequate team members and
unwillingness of some young to volunteer;

60% of the financial cost of the entire event was internally generated through individual donations;

Managing time and meeting some targets on time was very challenging due to other equally
important engagements some team members were involved with. Furthermore, uncooperative
response from some individuals and institutions constrained us logistical.

8.0 Recommendations
These recommendations were prepared form the summaries by the monitoring and evaluating team and
summaries form Rapporteurs during the Parallel Discussion and Needs Assessment Section of Otopease
community. YOUR-NET acknowledged that young people, NGOs, private sector, international development
agencies and Government have demonstrated their commitment and ability to act as agents of change
helping to push forward the nation’s development agenda, including meeting the Millennium
Development Goals by 2015. However, on top of continuing epidemics of preventable diseases such as
malaria and TB threatens the poor and overwhelm underfunded health services. On this background
YOUR-NET condense the recommendations under four main appeals, thus:

I. Health

Government, private sector player, together with international partners should bring facilities and
services closer to places where people live, hence increasing availability and accessibility to remote

Government to set up a primary community-based malaria workers nationwide, who will also
provide basic presumptive treatment (in case it is malaria)

Activities of civil society should be coordinated effectively and efficiently to strengthen advocacy in
support of the vulnerable people, particularly women, persons with a disability, children and the

Government to provide enough funding for health service providers, community centres, and other
auxiliary institutions such as National Commission on Civic Education (NCCE);

Government should establish proper national health and life-planning skills programmes as part of
in-school and out of-school training curricula as well as teacher training programmes;

As a result of a poor attitude towards sanitation (solid and wastewater disposal, excreta disposal,
environmental sanitation), specific intervention programmes need to be put in place by national
and local government as well as civil society groups to provide institutional and public advocacy on
the need to adhere to human and environmental friendly attitudes;

Government, private sector player, together with international partners should ensure that
interventions for malaria must be comprehensive, multi-sectoral, and with particular emphasis on
pregnant and lactating women. The allocation of resources should recognize the most vulnerable
people, particularly the poor and pregnant women;

II. Volunteerism

Government, international development partners, youth-led organizations, the private sector, and
other key stakeholders should establish or support local, regional or national awards for the
recognition of youth-led development and youth volunteerism for development;

Public and private institutions as well as donor agencies should create volunteering opportunities
for young people; this could enhance their personal development in relation to future career

Government and all key stakeholders should acknowledge and facilitate the accreditation of youth-
led development and youth volunteering and encourage education and other institutions to
recognize such accredited extracurricular activities and volunteering experience as a basis for
young people to gain access to career opportunities;

III. Political Development

Young people must prepare adequately in their area of specialty and take political responsibility for
their future as Ghanaian youth and not relegate political responsibility to the elderly alone;

The media must create the needed space to engage young people in media dialogue (TV, Radio,
Social media, Debates etc.) and issues of national/international interest;

Young people must recognize, appreciate and protect the peace and political stability in the
country and help to report all those who want to disrupt the current conditions of calm;

Young people must play a leading role in voter sensitization during national and regional elections;

Government, international development partners, private sector, and other key stakeholders must
encourage and provide funding for youth-led initiatives that creates political stability;

IV. Soccer and Sports

Provide mechanisms to use sports as an advocacy tool to achieve effective youth participation in
national agenda.

Integrate and active youth community participation/ volunteerism into school work.

Way Forward and Sustainability

The Recommendations will feature into both the Mid-Year Working document and YOUR-NET’s 2008
elections agenda. The selected 21participants, who pledged their support for the YOUR-NET 2008 elections
agenda, will also be an integral part of the follow up and sustainability process.

As part of the project lessons, and recommendations the Mid-Year Working document will serve a
strategic path for post-project monitoring and sustainability.

Sharing of the lessons learned, recommendations, and report will be the responsibility of the working
group in consultation with YOUR-NET, channels for sharing – all relevant stakeholders notably Peace Corps,
Ghana, Ghana Health Service (GHS), youth groups, aid agencies, the media international development
agencies, private sector, and civil society organizations. This is to solicit and deepen partnership and
support in pursuit of the recommendations in the Working Document. For implementation of the
recommendations, partnerships will be sort with the media. The media will play imperative in raising
public awareness on the malaria situation and the state of young people in regards to youth-led

Sports and Arts

• Despite the lack of adequate facilities, young people in Ghana have a proven capacity to excel at many
sporting and artistic activities. They are also the leading force of creative culture including the visual arts,
literature, film, fashion, design, music and the other performing arts. Sport and culture have a critical role
as means to promote education, health, peace and employment opportunities.


• Government, international organizations and the private sector should:

a) Provide infrastructure for arts and sports in and out of school;

b) Invest in physical education and in sport and art academies; and

c) Fund annual awards programmes to support young Ghanaians in the fields of sports and arts.

Finally, Youth Realities Network (YOUR-NET) recommends that a National Youth Service Days and awards
must be instituted to recognize and serve as a motivational tool to ignite the passion of young people
towards their active participation in community and national transformational projects.

Appendix A – Agenda

Kick Malaria Out Through Health Education and Soccer!

Venue: Ghana Christian University College, Date: 25 – 27 April, 2008

Friday, April 25, 2008

01:00 Arrivals and Registration of Participants

01:15 – 01:20pm Introductions

01:20 – 01:30pm Chairpersons Remarks

01:30 – 01:40pm Welcome Address

01:40 – 02:00pm Opening Statement

02:00 – 03:00pm Presentations

02:00 – 02:15pm I Presentation: Resource Person Malaria Control

02:15 – 02:30pm II Presentation: Resource Person Peace Corp

02:30 – 02:45pm III Presentation: Resource Person Zoomlion GH. Ltd.

02:45 – 03:00pm Keynote Address: Hon. Kojo Opare-Hammond (MP Adenta Constituency)

03:00 – 03:15pm Open forum (Questions/Response)

Closing Remarks

3:15 – 04:00pm Session II

Breakout/Parallel Discussion

a) Young People, Health and Malaria – Impact on youth human capital development;

b) Youth and Volunteerism – Incorporating the spirit of volunteerism among young people;

c) Youth and Political Development - The 2008 elections, impact on the youth.

04:00pm Refreshment and Networking

Saturday, April 26, 2008


08:00 – 08:15am Workforce Assemble

08:15 – 12:15pm Community Sensitization and Clean-Up Exercise


03:30 – 05:30pm Sensitization and Distribution of Malaria Prevention flyers

Soccer between (Nmai-Djor United vrs Vampees United)

Sunday, April 27, 2008


12:00 – 12:30pm Courtesy-call on the Chief and Elders of ‘Otopease’

12:30 – 01:30pm Community Sensitization on Malaria

01:30 – 04:30pm Health Sensitization and Administering of Drugs

04:30 – 05:00pm Pleasantries and Departure

Appendix B – Opportunities Corner


Kick Malaria Out Through Health Education and Soccer!

Venue: Ghana Christian University College, Date: 25 April, 2008

“Opportunities Corner”

1. Global Youth Service Day (GYSD)


2. TakingITGlobal


3. Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS (Free Online Course)


4. Friendship Ambassadors Foundation


5. Youth at the United Nations


6. UNICEF – Voices of Youth


7. Civil Society Resource Center


8. Peace Corps




10. Youth Service America


11. Charities Aid Foundation


12. Institute for Global Communication


13. The Gransmanship Center


14. International Center for Not-for Profit Law


15. Ghana Christian University College


16. Canadian Education and Training Awards – Africa (CETAA)


17. Youth Realities Network (YOUR-NET)


Appendix C – Resource Material - Ghana Health Service
Protection Against Malaria
The following measures should be taken;
Always seek for the appropriate health care from qualified or approved health facilities near you;
Always use effective antimalaria drugs prescribed by a qualified service provider.
Take the appropriate action when a child is suffering from fever by first sending him/her to a health
facility near you;
Ensure that the antimalaria drugs given are taken correctly (correct drug, right time and right
Give paracetamol to reduce pain and fever and rush the child to a health facility near you.
N/B never sponge a child with fever using cold water, instead use luke-warm water to avoid the child
suffering from convulsion (sudden drop in body temperature can cause convulsion).
Avoid mosquito bite by sleeping under insecticide- treated nets (ITNs);
Cover doors and windows with curtains or screens to prevent mosquitoes entering;
Pregnant women should make sure they attend Antenatal Clinic where they would be given
antimalaria drugs to prevent them and their unborn babies from contracting malaria;
Ensure environmental cleanliness;
Use mosquito repellents and other insect killers and if possible use repellent body creams when
sleeping or staying outdoors in the night for longer hours;
Use mosquito proof nets;
Wear protective clothing when outdoor in the night especially pregnant women and children.

What to do about antimalaria drugs

Buying and storing drugs
Buy drugs only from authorized dealers as there is less risk of buying fake drugs, which can be very
Do not buy any antimalaria drug other than those approved by the ministry or by a
Doctor’s/Physician’s prescription;
Do not buy drugs which have expired. The drug lose their efficacy after this date and may even be
harmful to your health;
For each drug, make sure that they are properly labeled with the strength of the tablets or syrup.
Also make sure you have clear instructions on their use and dosage for different age groupings,
information on when not to use them, warning notes, and possible side-effects;
Store all drugs in a cool, dry, dark place, keep them in closed containers and they should not be
exposed to direct light or sunlight.
Selling of drugs:
Give clear instructions for usage: how much to take, when and for how long;
Be extra careful in advising the amount for children;
Be extra careful in advising pregnant women; there are some drugs they should not take, advise
pregnant women to go to the nearest hospital or clinic for check-up whether or not you give them
a drug;
Tell the customer to go to hospital or clinic if he/she has negative reactions after taking a drug.

Sell drugs that are out of date, or have expired;
Sell drugs to someone seriously ill unless it is impossible to get to hospital or any health center.
The right drug in the right dose may help to cure illness but a drug may harm or even kill the patient if
Takes the wrong drug;
Takes too much of the drug (overdose).

Common malaria terms: Transmission/Endemicity

Holoendemic: Denotes perennial transmission of high degree resulting in a considerable degree of immune
response in all age groups, but particularly in adults;
Hyperendemic: Is seen in areas with intense but seasonal transmission where the immunity is sufficient to
prevent the effects of malaria in all age groups;
Mesoendemic: Is found typically among small rural communities in the subtropical zones with varying
intensity of transmission depending on local circumstances;
Hypoendemic: Denotes areas where there is little transmission and effects of malaria on the general
population are unimportant.
A Complex Emergency
“A situation affecting large civilian population with war and civil strife, food shortages and population
displacement resulting in excess mortality and morbidity”
Overview of Complex Emergencies
Emergencies are called “complex” when they have multiple factors including:
a) A large civilian population exposed to war or civil strife;
b) The population has great difficulty in coping with the effect of human-included disasters;
c) The population has great difficulty in coping with effects of natural disasters;
d) There is mass population movement;
e) There is dramatic increase in illness and death form disease;
f) There is freak weather such as heavy rains, flooding or drought;
g) There is a breakdown of physical and social infrastructure;
h) National/local authorities cannot provide adequate response to the emergency;
i) Security is poor;
j) Internal displaced people and refugees are mainly affected;
k) Donors provide large-scale bilateral funding.

Appendix D Pictures; Presentations and Open Forum

Figure 1
Mr. Emmanuel Tswumasi, Technical Officer in charge of Data Management at the Malaria Control Programme Unit of the Ghana
Health Health Service delivering his presentation.

Hon. Kojo Opare Hammond (MP) addressing the youth at the forum Miss Kimberly Daniels (Lecture, GCUC) giving an address at theGYSD 2008

Cross section of Youth participants Youth at the forum

Networking Time Talk Back Time

Appendix E. Pictures; Soccer and Sensitization

L-R. Ernest Asiedu Odei and Cyril educating some young people on the prevention and cure of Malaria

George Ofosu Sensitizing some spectators on Malaria prevention, treatment and cure

Appendix F Pictures; Clean-up Exercise

Clean Up exercise by students of Ghana Christian University College (GCUC) to mark GYSD 2008

Appendix G. Pictures; Medical Outreach in Otopease Village

Medical Supplies from AYRTON DRUGS Ernest educating the Otopeasi folks on optical related diseases

Recipients of medical supplies from AYRTON DRUGS and educational materials from Ghana Health Service

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