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EXAME NACIONAL DO ENSINO MDIO

PROVA DE CINCIAS HUMANAS E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS


PROVA DE CINCIAS DA NATUREZA E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS

1 DIA
CADERNO

3
2014 BRANCO
3 APLICAO
A COR DA CAPA DO SEU CADERNO DE QUESTES BRANCO. MARQUE-A EM SEU CARTO-RESPOSTA.

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*bran75SAB1*
*BRAN75SAB2* 2014

CINCIAS HUMANAS QUESTO 03


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QUESTO 04
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&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB3*
QUESTO 05 QUESTO 07

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*BRAN75SAB4* 2014

QUESTO 08 QUESTO 10
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QUESTO 09
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&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB5*
QUESTO 12

EVOLUO DO NMERO DE GREVES NO BRASIL DOS ANOS 1980


1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Greve 664 1 052 1 101 888 2 193 1 952 1 118 623
Grevistas (milhes) 6 194 5 757 9 015 7 426 16 597 9 805 7 528 2 819
Horas paradas (mil) 384 347 821 568 1 296 771 679 141

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QUESTO 13
Distribuio da populao por sexo, segundo os grupos de idade
BRASIL 2010
Mais de 100 anos 0,0% 0,0%
95 a 99 anos 0,0% 0,0%
90 a 94 anos 0,1% 0,1%
85 a 89 anos 0,2% 0,3%
80 a 84 anos 0,4% 0,5%
75 a 79 anos 0,6% 0,8%
70 a 74 anos 0,9% 1,1%
65 a 69 anos 1,2% 1,4%
60 a 64 anos 1,6% 1,8%
55 a 59 anos 2,0% 2,3%
50 a 54 anos 2,5% 2,8%
45 a 49 anos 3,0% 3,2%
40 a 44 anos 3,3% 3,5%
35 a 39 anos 3,5% 3,7%
30 a 34 anos 4,0% 4,2%
25 a 29 anos 4,4% 4,5%
20 a 24 anos 4,5% 4,5%
15 a 19 anos 4,5% 4,4%
10 a 14 anos 4,6% 4,4%
5 a 9 anos 4,0% 3,9%
0 a 4 anos 3,7% 3,6%
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QUESTO 18 QUESTO 19

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QUESTO 23 QUESTO 25

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A D LQWHUIHUrQFLD GR (VWDGR QR PHUFDGR GH WUDEDOKR
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UHODFLRQDGDj B DV GHPDQGDV GD JOREDOL]DomR TXH OHYDUDP j
LPSRUWDomR GH PmR GH REUD RULXQGD GRV SDtVHV
A YHULFDomR GH TXH D DPSOLDomR GR SDWULP{QLR
SRVVLELOLWDQRYRVPHUFDGRVGHWUDEDOKR HPHUJHQWHV
B FRPSUHHQVmR GH TXH D FDSRHLUD GHL[RX GH VHU XP C D QHFHVVLGDGH GH PmR GH REUD TXDOLFDGD TXH
HOHPHQWRLGHQWLWiULRSDUDRVQHJURV GLFXOWD D LQVHUomR GRV WUDEDOKDGRUHV FRP PHQRV
IRUPDomR
C FRPSURYDomR GH TXH D SUiWLFD GD FDSRHLUD IRL
IXQGDPHQWDOSDUDDDEROLomRGDHVFUDYDWXUD D DRSomRGRVHWRUSURGXWLYRSRUHPSUHJDUWUDEDOKDGRUHV
D OHJLWLPDomR GD FRQWULEXLomR GRV QHJURV FRPR FRP PDLRU TXDOLFDomR D P GH JDUDQWLU OLQKDV GH
FRPSRQHQWHIXQGDPHQWDOGDFXOWXUDEUDVLOHLUD QDQFLDPHQWRHVWDWDO
E FUHQoDGHTXHXPDHWQLDPLQRULWiULDSUHFLVDWHUVHXV E DV UHIRUPDV SURSRVWDV SHOR (VWDGR SDUD R VHWRU GD
FRVWXPHVSUHVHUYDGRVSHORVOHJLVODGRUHV VD~GHSULYLOHJLDQGRFRQWUDWDomRGHPmRGHREUDGH
DOWDTXDOLFDomR
QUESTO 27
QUESTO 29
8PD YH] TXH D UD]mR PH SHUVXDGH GH TXH GHYR
LPSHGLUPH GH GDU FUpGLWR jV FRLVDV TXH QmR VmR $ LPSODQWDomR GH QRYDV WpFQLFDV H WHFQRORJLDV H R
LQWHLUDPHQWH FHUWDV H LQGXELWiYHLV WDQWR TXDQWR jTXHODV XVR GH LQVXPRV TXtPLFRV DXPHQWDUDP D SURGXomR H D
TXH QRV SDUHFHP PDQLIHVWDPHQWH VHU IDOVDV R PHQRU SURGXWLYLGDGH 2 GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH QRYDV YDULHGDGHV
PRWLYRGHG~YLGDTXHHXQHODVHQFRQWUDUEDVWDUiSDUDPH GH FXOWLYR IDFLOLWRX D PHFDQL]DomR GLVSHQVDQGR HP
OHYDUDUHMHLWDUWRGDV JUDQGHSDUWHRWUDEDOKRPDQXDO
'(6&$57(650HGLWDo}HVGH)LORVRD3ULPHLUD 6$'(5(-,1.,1*6, 2UJV Enciclopdia Contempornea da Amrica Latina
6mR3DXOR$EULO&XOWXUDO DGDSWDGR  e do Caribe6mR3DXOR%RLWHPSR DGDSWDGR 

$R LQWURGX]LU D G~YLGD FRPR PpWRGR 'HVFDUWHV EXVFD 2LPSDFWRGDVLQRYDo}HVGHVFULWDVQRWH[WRHPUHODomRj


DOFDQoDUXPDFHUWH]DFDSD]GHUHIXQGDUVREUHSULQFtSLRV SHTXHQDSURGXomRDJUtFRODRFRUUHXSRUTXH
VyOLGRVDFLrQFLDHDORVRD6HXSURFHGLPHQWRWHyULFR
LQGLFD A DFHQWXRXRDXPHQWRGDULTXH]DHGDFRQFHQWUDomRGD
WHUUDLQWHQVLFDQGRDSREUH]DHDPLVpULD
A DFDSDFLGDGHGHRHQWHQGLPHQWRKXPDQRGXYLGDUGDV B SULYLOHJLRX R WUDWR VXVWHQWiYHO GD WHUUD FRPR
FHUWH]DVFODUDVHGLVWLQWDV IXQGDPHQWRGRPRGHORFRQKHFLGRFRPRDJURQHJyFLR
B D LGHLD GH TXH R FHWLFLVPR p EDVH VXFLHQWH SDUD C HIHWLYRXDUHGLVWULEXLomRGHWHUUDVHULTXH]DSRUPHLR
HGLFDUDORVRDPRGHUQD GDRIHUWDGHOLQKDVGHFUpGLWRDRDJULFXOWRUWUDGLFLRQDO
C R URPSLPHQWR FRP R GRJPDWLVPR GD ORVRD D LQFHQWLYRXDSHUPDQrQFLDGRVDJULFXOWRUHVIDPLOLDUHV
DULVWRWpOLFRWRPLVWDTXHSUHYDOHFHUDQD,GDGH0pGLD HP VXDV WHUUDV GHYLGR j H[SDQVmR GDV IURQWHLUDV
D D SULPD]LD GRV VHQWLGRV FRPR FDPLQKR VHJXUR GH DJUtFRODV
FRQGXomRGRKRPHPjYHUGDGH E LQWHJURX DV IRUPDV WUDGLFLRQDLV GH WUDEDOKR DR
E RHVWDEHOHFLPHQWRGHXPDUHJUDFDSD]GHFRQVROLGDU DJURQHJyFLRDRSRVVLELOLWDURDUUHQGDPHQWRGHWHUUDV
DWUDGLomRHVFROiVWLFDGHSHQVDPHQWR SDUDDDJULFXOWXUDRUJkQLFD

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB11*
QUESTO 30

1RGLDGHDJRVWRSDVVDGRIXJLXGD&RPSDQKLDGH0LQHUDomRGR&XLDEiRHVFUDYRGHQRPH6HYHULQR
GHDQRVGHLGDGHFDEUDFODURHVWDWXUDPDLVTXHUHJXODUERDJXUDERQVGHQWHVHWHPXPVLQDOGHFRUWDGXUDGH
XPDSROHJDGDSRXFRPDLVRXPHQRVQDWHVWD/HYRXFKDSpXGHSDOKDWUDQoDGRSDUGHFDOoDVD]XLVSDOHWySUHWR
FDPLVDEUDQFDHRXWUDVURXSDV(VWiDUPDGRGHXPDSLVWRODSHTXHQDGHDOJLEHLUDHXPDIDFDGHSRQWD*UDWLFDVH
FRPDTXDQWLDDFLPDGHDTXHPRDSUHHQGHUHOHYiORDVHXVHQKRUUHVLGHQWHHP6DEDUiRXRSXVHUHP
TXDOTXHUFDGHLDGDSURYtQFLD
6DEDUiGHRXWXEURGH
Jornal A Provncia de Minas2XUR3UHWRHGLomRGH]

2DQ~QFLRGHMRUQDOVREUHDIXJDGRHVFUDYR6HYHULQRPRVWUDXPDVSHFWRLPSRUWDQWHGRHVFUDYLVPREUDVLOHLUR4XDO
GDVVHJXLQWHVDUPDo}HVH[SUHVVDWDODVSHFWR"
A $VDOIRUULDVQRVLVWHPDHVFUDYLVWDEUDVLOHLURHUDPREWLGDVWDQWRSHOROLYUHFRQVHQWLPHQWRGRVHQKRUTXDQWRSHODFRPSUD
B $VIXJDVGHHVFUDYRVHUDPGXUDPHQWHUHSULPLGDVSHOR(VWDGRHSHORVVHQKRUHVGHHVFUDYRV
C 2PRYLPHQWRDEROLFLRQLVWDWHYHSDSHOIXQGDPHQWDOSDUDRPGDHVFUDYLGmR
D 2SDWHUQDOLVPRGDHVFUDYLGmREUDVLOHLUDJHUDYDDSUHRFXSDomRGRVHQKRUHPFRQVHJXLUHQFRQWUDURVHXHVFUDYR
HPIXJD
E 2VTXLORPERVHUDPRUJDQL]Do}HVUHYROXFLRQiULDVYROWDGDVSDUDRFRPEDWHDRVLVWHPDHVFUDYLVWDEUDVLOHLUR

QUESTO 31

'$9,6-*DUHOGGHERPKXPRU3RUWR$OHJUH/ 30

$OWHUQDWLYDVDRWLSRGHFRQVXPRFXOWXUDODSUHVHQWDGRQDVWLUDVUHVXOWDULDPGH
A GHPRFUDWL]DomRGRDFHVVRDRXWUDVHVIHUDVGHSURGXomRFXOWXUDO
B HPLVVRUDVFRPSURPHWLGDVFRPSULQFtSLRVFtYLFRV
C FHQVXUDPRUDOLVWDGLDQWHGDVLQIRUPDo}HVYHLFXODGDV
D DFHVVRGDSRSXODomRDRVFDQDLVGHVLQDOIHFKDGR
E PRYLPHQWRGDV,JUHMDVFULVWmVHPGHIHVDGDIDPtOLD

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB12* 2014

QUESTO 32 QUESTO 34
$ HQ[DGD p XP ERP LQVWUXPHQWR GH MDUGLP GH XP
SRPDU RX GH XPD KRUWD SRUpP SUHWHQGHU DSOLFiOD FRP
SURYHLWR j JUDQGH FXOWXUD p R PHVPR TXH TXHUHU WLUDU
XPDSHoDGHFDQWDULD SHGUDGHFRQVWUXomRGHWDPDQKR
JUDQGH  FRP XP SUHJR RX IDOTXHMDU WRUQDU TXDGUDGR 
XP SmR FRP XPD IDFD$ HQ[DGD PDO DUUDQKD D WHUUD j
FXVWDGHIDGLJDGRPtVHURWUDEDOKDGRU
%85/$0$48()/&&DWHFKLVPRGH$JULFXOWXUD,Q0277$0*8,0$5(6(
Direito s avessasSRUXPDKLVWyULDVRFLDOGDSURSULHGDGH1LWHUyL8))

1RQDOGRVpFXOR;,;RGLVFXUVRTXHDUPDYDHVWDUHP
FULVH D DJULFXOWXUD EUDVLOHLUD DSRQWDYD FRPR UD]mR SDUD
HVVHIDWRD
A PDQXWHQomRGHPpWRGRVDUFDLFRVGHSURGXomR
B VXERUGLQDomRHFRQ{PLFDjDWLYLGDGHLQGXVWULDO
C XWLOL]DomRGHLPLJUDQWHVFRPRWUDEDOKDGRUHVUXUDLV
D GLVVHPLQDomRGHSHTXHQDVSURSULHGDGHVDJUtFRODV
E GLYHUVLFDomRGRVJrQHURVSURGX]LGRV

'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZFXOWXUDSDUDWRGRVHV$FHVVRHPPDU
QUESTO 35
2FDUWD]H[S}HXPGRVOHPDVGD*XHUUD&LYLO(VSDQKROD 3HTXHQR QR SRUWH PDJUR H VyEULR GH P~VFXORV
  FRQLWR HP TXH DV IRUoDV UHSXEOLFDQDV WDFLWXUQR H GHVDMHLWDGR HP GHVFDQVR LQWUpSLGR H YLEUiWLO
DSRLDGDV SRU EULJDGDV YROXQWiULDV LQWHUQDFLRQDLV IRUDP TXDQGRVROLFLWDGRSDUDDDomRpRYDTXHLURGR1RUGHVWH
GHUURWDGDVSRUpP XP WLSR FDUDFWHUtVWLFR GR PHLR HP TXH KDELWD 3RYRD R
A UHIUHRX DV WHQGrQFLDV DXWRULWiULDV GRV JRYHUQDQWHV 6HUWmR QRUGHVWLQR SHQHSODQR GH URFKDV FULVWDOLQDV
HXURSHXVQRSHUtRGR WHUUD DWRUPHQWDGD RUD SHODV VHFDV FDXVWLFDQWHV RUD
B FRQVROLGRX R SDSHO GD /LJD GDV 1Do}HV FRPR SHODV FKXYDV WRUUHQFLDLV 3RUFRGRPDWR HPD WDSLU
PHGLDGRUDGRVFRQLWRVLQWHUQDFLRQDLV VXoXDUDQDHLVDOJXPDVHVSpFLHVGHVXDIDXQDEUDYLD(
pQHVWHFHQiULRTXHQDVFHVHDJLWDHPRUUHRYDTXHLUR
C LPSHGLX R GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH FRQLWRV PLOLWDUHV
QRUGHVWLQRRPDLVEUDYLRGRVOKRVGR6HUWmR2VHX
LQWHUQDFLRQDLVQRFRQWLQHQWHHXURSHX
WLSRpWQLFRSURYpPGRFRQWDWRGREUDQFRFRORQL]DGRUFRP
D LVRORX SROLWLFDPHQWH D (VSDQKD GDV RXWUDV QDo}HV R JHQWLR GXUDQWH D SHQHWUDomR GR JDGR QRV VHUW}HV GR
HXURSHLDVFRPDDVFHQVmRIUDQTXLVWD 1RUGHVWH3RUUD]}HVHFRQ{PLFDVHKLVWyULFDVDGDSWRXVH
E SURYRFRX FRPRomR PXQGLDO IRUWDOHFHQGR D jDWLYLGDGHFULDWyULD
QHFHVVLGDGHGHFRPEDWHDRIDVFLVPRHXURSHX
/$83Tipos e aspectos do Brasil6mR3DXOR
,QHS0(&5HYLVWDGRV7ULEXQDLV
QUESTO 33
2FRQWH[WRQDWXUDOLPHGLDWRGRWtSLFRYDTXHLURPHQFLRQDGR
2 PRGR FRPR FDGD VRFLHGDGH VH RUJDQL]RX pFDUDFWHUL]DGRSHORGRPtQLRGDYHJHWDomR
GHWHUPLQRXDLQWHQVLGDGHGRVLPSDFWRVDPELHQWDLV1HVVD
ORQJDHJUDQGHKLVWyULDGRVVHUHVKXPDQRVQHVWHSODQHWD A PLVWD GH WUDQVLomR XP DPELHQWH FRP FOLPD PDLV
R PXQGR FUHVFHX HP WHUPRV GH SURGXomR FRQVXPR H DPHQRHiUHDVFRPUHOHYRHOHYDGRFRPRR3ODQDOWR
GHJUDGDomR DPELHQWDO H WDPEpP HP GHVLJXDOGDGHV GD%RUERUHPD
VRFLDLVHLPSDFWRVVREUHRVVLVWHPDVGHVXSRUWHjYLGD
B WLSRPRVDLFRFRPDVSHFWRVXEDUEXVWLYRDUEXVWLYRH
)5(,7$6&0Um equilbrio delicadoFULVHDPELHQWDOHDVD~GHQRSODQHWD
5LRGH-DQHLUR*DUDPRQG DGDSWDGR  SUHVHQoDGHJUDPtQHDVHPVXDPDLRULDGHVHQYROYLGD
HP VRORV SURIXQGRV H iFLGRV FRP SDVWRV QDWXUDLV
2WH[WRDSUHVHQWDFRQWUDGLo}HVLQHUHQWHVDRVVLVWHPDVGH QRVFDPSRVOLPSRV
RUJDQL]DomRGDYLGDVRFLDOTXHVmRFDXVDGDVSHOD
C ODWLIROLDGD HP VXD PDLRULD HP VRORV GH PDVVDSp
A GHSHQGrQFLD GD QDWXUH]D HP UHODomR jV DWLYLGDGHV SURIXQGRV DFLQ]HQWDGRV H GH DOWD IHUWLOLGDGH H
KXPDQDV GRPLQDGDSRUODWLI~QGLRVVHFXODUHV
B QHFHVVLGDGHGHFUHVFLPHQWRHFRQ{PLFRHSUHVHUYDomR D HVSDUVDGD GH FRFDLV FRPR DV SDOPiFHDV RV
DPELHQWDO
EDEDoXDLVHRVFDUQDXEDLVHPVRORVIpUWHLVHPSDUWH
C GLVVRFLDomRHQWUHDVRFLHGDGHHDVRXWUDVIRUPDVGH GHULYDGRV GDV URFKDV EiVLFDV H DPSORV WHUUHQRV
YLGDGD7HUUD UHFREHUWRV GH JUDPtQHDV QDWLYDV IRUPDQGR SDVWRV
D SURGXomR GH PDWpULDSULPD H FRQVXPR GH SURGXWRV QDWXUDLV
LQGXVWULDOL]DGRV
E [HUyWD FRP DOJXPDV HVSpFLHV GH FDFWiFHDV
E LQFRPSDWLELOLGDGHHQWUHDVIRUPDVGHYLGDHDUHDOLGDGH EURPHOLiFHDVHSDOPiFHDVHPVXDPDLRULDHPVRORV
ItVLFDGRSODQHWD UDVRVDUHQRVRVHVDOLQRVGHFOLPDWURSLFDOVHPLiULGR

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB13*
QUESTO 36 QUESTO 38
2 PXQGR UXUDO FRP D 5HYROXomR 9HUGH H VXDV $VXVWHQWDELOLGDGHpRPDLRUGHVDRJOREDO3RULVVR
VHPHQWHV KtEULGDV H VHX PDLV UHFHQWH GHVGREUDPHQWR R GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH XP SDtV SRU PDLV H[HPSODU TXH
FRPDELRWHFQRORJLDGRVWUDQVJrQLFRVHGRSODQWLRGLUHWR YHQKDDVHUVySRGHUiVHUUHDOPHQWHVXVWHQWiYHOTXDQGR
HVWi VRIUHQGR PXGDQoDV HFROyJLFDV VRFLDLV FXOWXUDLV D SHJDGD HFROyJLFD PXQGLDO GHL[DU GH XOWUDSDVVDU D
H VREUHWXGR SROtWLFDV  PHGLGD TXH R FRPSRQHQWH FDSDFLGDGHGHUHJHQHUDomRGDELRVIHUD1mRpGLIHUHQWH
WpFQLFRFLHQWtFR SDVVD D VH WRUQDU PDLV LPSRUWDQWH QR HP WHUPRV VHWRULDLV 2 VHWRU DJURSHFXiULR Vy VHUi
SURFHVVR SURGXWLYR PDLRU p R SRGHU GDV LQG~VWULDV GH VXVWHQWiYHOVHWDPEpPRIRUHPRLQGXVWULDORWHUFLiULRH
DOWD WHFQRORJLD TXH SDVVDP D FRPDQGDU RV SURFHVVRV DPLQHUDomR
GH QRUPDWL]DomR FDQGLGDPHQWH FKDPDGRV QRUPDV GH
TXDOLGDGH  9(,*$-(2IXWXURGDFRPLGDGlobo RuralQRXW

'H DFRUGR FRP R WH[WR D EXVFD GD VXVWHQWDELOLGDGH


32572*21d$/9(6&:A Globalizao da natureza e a natureza
DPELHQWDO HQYROYH PXGDQoD GH KiELWRV SDUD TXH R
da globalizao5LRGH-DQHLUR&LYLOL]DomR%UDVLOHLUD

&RPRDUJXPHQWRGHDXPHQWDUDSURGXomRDJUtFRODSHOD GHVHQYROYLPHQWRVHMDSDXWDGRQR D
LPSOHPHQWDomRGHWHFQRORJLDVDYDQoDGDVHPDQLSXODomR A EXVFDGHDOWHUQDWLYDVWHFQROyJLFDVYLVDQGRUHGX]LUD
JHQpWLFDD5HYROXomR9HUGHLPSOLFRXD MRUQDGDGHWUDEDOKR
A FRQVWUXomR GH PRQRSyOLRV WpFQLFRSURGXWLYRV B WUDEDOKR FRRSHUDWLYR FRP UHPXQHUDomR MXVWD H
DVVRFLDGRVDRVSURWRFRORVGHSDWHQWHV GLVWULEXLomRLJXDOLWiULDGHUHQGD
B SURSRVWD GH WUDQVIRUPDomR VRFLDO FRPELQDGD FRP C VDWLVIDomRGDVQHFHVVLGDGHVGDJHUDomRDWXDODVVLP
PXGDQoDVQRHVWDWXWRFLHQWtFRGDSURGXomRDJUtFROD FRPRDVGDVJHUDo}HVIXWXUDV
C HVWUDWpJLD GH RIHUHFHU FRQKHFLPHQWRV WpFQLFRV DRV D LQFHQWLYR j DOWD SURGXWLYLGDGH H DR FRQVXPR SDUD
SHTXHQRV DJULFXOWRUHV SHQVDQGR QD VHJXUDQoD HYLWDUFULVHVHFRQ{PLFDVPXQGLDLV
DOLPHQWDU
E UHGXomR GRV OXFURV DWXDLV D P GH JDUDQWLU FDSLWDO
D LQWHUYHQomR DPELHQWDO FRP R REMHWLYR GH DWHQXDU HSUHVHUYDomRGHUHFXUVRVSDUDDVIXWXUDVJHUDo}HV
RV JUDQGHV LPSDFWRV DPELHQWDLV RULXQGRV GD
PRQRFXOWXUD
E DomR HGXFDFLRQDO FRP LQWHQWR GH FDSDFLWDU RV
WUDEDOKDGRUHV UXUDLV SDUD DWXDUHP FRP WHFQRORJLDV
GHSRQWD

QUESTO 37
$ DERUGDJHP GR SDWULP{QLR FXOWXUDO FHQWUDGD QRV
DVSHFWRV WpFQLFRV GD FRQVHUYDomR H GD UHVWDXUDomR
WHQGHDRFXOWDUDLGHLDGHTXHDVXDSUHVHUYDomRpXPD
SUiWLFDVRFLDOTXHLPSOLFDXPSURFHVVRGHLQWHUSUHWDomRGD
FXOWXUD QmR DSHQDV PDWHULDO FRPR VLPEyOLFD SRUWDGRUD
GH UHIHUrQFLD j LGHQWLGDGH j DomR H j PHPyULD GRV
JUXSRVIRUPDGRUHVGDVRFLHGDGH
)216(&$0&/3DUDDOpPGDSHGUDHFDO,Q$%5(85&+$*$60Memria e
patrimnioHQVDLRVFRQWHPSRUkQHRV5LRGH-DQHLUR'3 $ DGDSWDGR 

$GHIHVDGRSDWULP{QLRKLVWyULFREXVFDYDORUL]DURVEHQV
TXH UHSUHVHQWDP D QRVVD LGHQWLGDGH 1HVVH VHQWLGR
Ki PDQLIHVWDo}HV FXOWXUDLV FXMD SUHVHUYDomR GHPDQGD
VHX UHFRQKHFLPHQWR FRPR SDWULP{QLR LPDWHULDO (VVD
FRQFHSomRGHSDWULP{QLRH[SUHVVDVH
A QRFRQMXQWRGHEHQVFXOWXUDLVFODVVLFDGRVVHJXQGR
DVXDQDWXUH]DDUTXHROyJLFDKLVWyULFDHHWQRJUiFD
B QR WRPEDPHQWR GRV EHQV LPyYHLV FRPR JUXSRV
XUEDQRVVtWLRVDUTXHROyJLFRVHSDLVDJtVWLFRV
C QDSUHVHUYDomRHSURWHomRGHPRQXPHQWRVKLVWyULFRV
HEHQVFXOWXUDLVGHGLYHUVDVUHJL}HVEUDVLOHLUDV
D QR FRQKHFLPHQWR WUDQVPLWLGR HQWUH JHUDo}HV H
UHFULDGRSHODVFRPXQLGDGHVJHUDQGRXPVHQWLPHQWR
GHSHUWHQFLPHQWR
E QR DUTXLYDPHQWR GD SURGXomR LQWHOHFWXDO FRPR RV
OLYURVHDFRQVHUYDomRGHSLQWXUDVHHVFXOWXUDV

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB14* 2014

QUESTO 39 QUESTO 41
1XPD pSRFD GH UHYLVmR JHUDO HP TXH YDORUHV VmR TEXTO I
FRQWHVWDGRV UHDYDOLDGRV VXEVWLWXtGRV H PXLWDV YH]HV 2PDLRUGRVGHVHQJDQRVVRIULGRVSHORVLPLJUDQWHVIRL
UHFULDGRV D FUtWLFD WHP SDSHO SUHSRQGHUDQWH (VVD GH
RIDWRGHTXHRVVRQKRVFULDGRVSHODLPDJLQDomRIpUWLOHP
IDWR p XPD GDV SULQFLSDLV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV GDV /X]HV
TXH UHFXVDQGR DV YHUGDGHV GLWDGDV SRU DXWRULGDGHV VXDWHUUDQDWDOQmRIRUDPSRVVtYHLVGHVHUHPUHDOL]DGRVGH
VXEPHWHPWXGRDRFULYRGDFUtWLFD SURQWR+DYLDPVHWRUQDGRJUDQGHVSURSULHWiULRVGHWHUUD
.$17,2MXOJDPHQWRGDUD]mR,Q$%52%6 2UJ +LVWyULDGD)LORVRD6mR3DXOR PDVHVWDYDPHVFUDYL]DGRVDHOD&DGDTXDOHUDHVFUDYR
1RYD&XOWXUDO
GD RUHVWD YLUJHP TXH FKDPDYDP GH VXD SURSULHGDGH
2,OXPLQLVPRWHFHFUtWLFDVDRVYDORUHVHVWDEHOHFLGRVVRE HGRGXURWUDEDOKRDTXHHVWDYDPREULJDGRVSHODSRVVH
DUXEULFDGDDXWRULGDGHHQHVVHVHQWLGRSURS}H
GDPDWDSRLVVHHOHVQmRDYHQFHVVHPVHULDPYHQFLGRV
A D GHIHVD GR SHQVDPHQWR GRV HQFLFORSHGLVWDV TXH SRUHOD+DYLDPGHOXWDUSDUDTXHFRPRWHPSRHjFXVWD
FRPVHXVHVFULWRVPDQWLQKDPRLGHiULRUHOLJLRVR
GHPXLWRHVIRUoRIRVVHSRVVtYHOWRUQDUHPVHVHQKRUHVGH
B R HVWtPXOR GD YLVmR UHGXFLRQLVWD GR KXPDQLVPR
SHUPHDGD SHOD GHIHVD GH LVHQomR HP TXHVW}HV VXDVUHQGDVHKRPHQVOLYUH
SROtWLFDVHVRFLDLV 5$0%2%$sionomia do Rio Grande do Sul (1942)
6mR/HRSROGR(GLWRUD8QLVLQRV DGDSWDGR 
C D FRQVROLGDomR GH XPD YLVmR PRUDO H ORVyFD TEXTO II
SDXWDGDHPYDORUHVFRQGL]HQWHVFRPDFHQWUDOL]DomR
SROtWLFD $ H[SDQVmR GDV FRO{QLDV WUDQVIRUPRXVH EHP FHGR
D D PDQXWHQomR GRV SULQFtSLRV GD PHWDItVLFD QXPDYHUGDGHLUDFRUULGDSDUDDPDWDYLUJHP8PDVpULH
GDQGR YDVWDV HVSHUDQoDV GH HPDQFLSDomR SDUD D GH IHQ{PHQRV QDWXUDLV H VRFLDLV VH GHYH D HVVH IDWR
KXPDQLGDGH $QWHVGHWXGRpRGHVPDWDPHQWRSURJUHVVLYRGDIUDOGD
E R LQFHQWLYR GR VDEHU HOLPLQDQGR VXSHUVWLo}HV H GDVHUUD3UDWLFDPHQWHWRGRVRVWHUUHQRVMiSHUGHUDPVXD
DYDQoDQGRQDGLPHQVmRGDFLGDGDQLDHGDFLrQFLD
FDSD VLOYiWLFD R TXH UHVWD VmR RV WUHFKRV LPSUHVWiYHLV
QUESTO 40 QRV DQFRV PDLV tQJUHPHV H URFKRVRV GDV PRQWDQKDV
TEXTO I H DV FLQWDV GH PDWR TXH ODGHLDP RV GHJUDXV GD VHUUD
$ DQLVWLD SRGH VHU FRQVLGHUDGD PXLWR PDLV XPD &DSRHLUDV H PDWRV VHFXQGiULRV VXMRV FDUDFWHUL]DP D
FRQFHVVmRGRTXHXPDFRQTXLVWDRXPDLVSUHFLVDPHQWH HVWUDGD WULOKDGD SHOD DJULFXOWXUD GH H[SORUDomR GRV FHP
XPD PDQREUD SROtWLFD FRP GXDV QDOLGDGHV UHGX]LU D DQRVSDVVDGRV
SUHVVmRDGYLQGDGHVHWRUHVRUJDQL]DGRVFRQWUDRUHJLPH *5(66/(53Os velhos Gressler&DQGHOiULD7LSRJUDD)UDQFLVFR6FKPLGW
HSURGX]LUGHIHVDVVXEVWDQWLYDVjVSRVVtYHLVUHYLV}HVGR
SDVVDGRFRPRWpUPLQRSUHYLVWRGRDXWRULWDULVPR 'HDFRUGRFRPRVWH[WRVDUHODomRGRVFRORQRVFRPRV
62$5(66$35$'2/%%2SURFHVVRSROtWLFRGDDQLVWLDHRV HFRVVLVWHPDVQRSURFHVVRGHRFXSDomRGDUHJLmR6XOGR
HVSDoRVGHDXWRQRPLDPLOLWDU,Q6$1726&07(/(6(7(/(6-$
Desarquivando a ditadura:PHPyULDHMXVWLoDQR%UDVLO6mR3DXOR SDtVFDUDFWHUL]DYDVHSHOR D
+XFLWHF DGDSWDGR 
A QHFHVVLGDGH GH RFXSDomR H GH H[SORUDomR GD
TEXTO II QDWXUH]DVHPOHYDUHPFRQWDRVGDQRVFDXVDGRVDR
$ DQLVWLD IRL XPD FRQTXLVWD 1mR IRL GiGLYD IRL OXWD PHLRDPELHQWH
1mRWHPTXHUHYHU
B GHJUDGDomRGHSDUWHGDRUHVWDVXEWURSLFDOHPIXQomR
(QWUHYLVWDFRP7KHUH]LQKDGH*RGR\=HUELQL'LVSRQtYHOHP
GRXVRGHIHUUDPHQWDVHWpFQLFDVTXHSHUPLWLDPRXVR
ZZZIROKDXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPDJR IUDJPHQWR 

$/HLGH$QLVWLDDSURYDGDSHOR&RQJUHVVR1DFLRQDOHP VXVWHQWiYHOGDWHUUD
GHDJRVWRGHWHPVLGRGHEDWLGDSHODVRFLHGDGH C GHVPDWDPHQWR GD PDWD GH DUDXFiULD Mi TXH RV
EUDVLOHLUD1RVWH[WRVDVSRVLo}HVDVVXPLGDVUHYHODP
LPLJUDQWHVDOHPmHVHSRORQHVHVFKHJDUDPHPPDVVD
A UHWRPDGD GD GLWDGXUD PLOLWDU HP QRPH GD XQLGDGH j5HJLmR6XOFDXVDQGRJUDQGHLPSDFWRDPELHQWDO
QDFLRQDO
B YDORUL]DomRGRVPRYLPHQWRVOLJDGRVjOXWDDUPDGDD D GHVRUHVWDPHQWR GD UHJLmR SHOR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR
SDUWLUGDDEHUWXUDGRVDUTXLYRV GD DWLYLGDGH SHFXiULD SURPRYHQGR D RFXSDomR
C UHODWLYL]DomR GRV GLUHLWRV KXPDQRV FRP EDVH QD H[WHQVLYDGDWHUUDHVXDSUHSDUDomRFRPRSDVWR
H[SHULrQFLDGLWDWRULDOEUDVLOHLUD E VXSUHPDFLD GD QDWXUH]D VREUH D DomR GR KRPHP
D UHHVFULWD GD KLVWyULD GR WHUURULVPR HVTXHUGLVWD SDUD SRLVDGHPRUDHDGLFXOGDGHGHDGDSWDomRDRVROR
FRPSUHHQGHURSDVVDGR
SRVVLELOLWDUDP TXH R GHVPDWDPHQWR QmR FDXVDVVH
E UHH[mR FUtWLFD VREUH R SDVVDGR HP IXQomR GH
PXGDQoDVQRFHQiULRSROtWLFR GDQRVSHUPDQHQWHVDRHFRVVLVWHPD

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB15*
QUESTO 42 QUESTO 44

6HJXQGR R 3URJUDPD GDV 1Do}HV 8QLGDV SDUD R )HLMRDGD p XP SUDWR TXH FRQVLVWH QXP JXLVDGR GH
'HVHQYROYLPHQWR 318'   GD UHQGD PXQGLDO IHLMmR FRP FDUQH e XP SUDWR FRP RULJHP QR 1RUWH GH
HQFRQWUDYDVH QDV PmRV GRV  PDLV ULFRV HQTXDQWR 3RUWXJDOHTXHKRMHHPGLDFRQVWLWXLXPGRVSUDWRVPDLV
RV  PDLV SREUHV GHWLQKDP DSHQDV  GD UHQGD WtSLFRV GD FR]LQKD EUDVLOHLUD (P 3RUWXJDO FR]LQKDVH
TXDWURDQRVGHSRLVRVPDLVULFRVKDYLDPDXPHQWDGR FRP IHLMmR EUDQFR QR QRURHVWH 0LQKR H 'RXUR /LWRUDO 
VXDSDUFHODSDUDGDULTXH]D RX IHLMmR YHUPHOKR QR QRUGHVWH 7UiVRVPRQWHV  H
9,=(17,1,3)A nova ordem globalUHODo}HVLQWHUQDFLRQDLVGRVpFXOR
JHUDOPHQWH LQFOXL WDPEpP RXWURV YHJHWDLV WRPDWH
3RUWR$OHJUH(G8)5*6 FHQRXUDV RX FRXYH  MXQWDPHQWH FRP D FDUQH GH SRUFR
RXGHYDFDjVTXDLVVHSRGHPMXQWDUFKRXULoRPRUFHOD
4XH FDUDFWHUtVWLFD VRFLRHFRQ{PLFD HVWi HYLGHQFLDGD
RX IDULQKHLUD 1R %UDVLO RV QHJURV ID]LDP XPD PLVWXUD
QRWH[WR" GH IHLM}HV SUHWRV H GH YiULRV WLSRV GH FDUQH GH SRUFR H
A +RPRJHQHLGDGHVRFLDO GHERL$WXDOPHQWHRSUDWRFKHJDjPHVDDFRPSDQKDGR
GHIDURIDDUUR]EUDQFRFRXYHUHIRJDGDHODUDQMDIDWLDGD
B &RQFHQWUDomRGHUHQGD
HQWUHRXWURVLQJUHGLHQWHV
C 'HVHPSUHJRHVWUXWXUDO &$6&8'2/&Histria da alimentao no Brasil5LRGH-DQHLUR,WDWLDLD
D &UHVFLPHQWRPDFURHFRQ{PLFR
$ FULDomR GD IHLMRDGD QD FXOLQiULD EUDVLOHLUD HVWi
E ([SDQVmRSRSXODFLRQDO UHODFLRQDGDQRWH[WRjDWLYLGDGH
QUESTO 43 A PHUFDQWLOH[HUFLGDSHORVKRPHQVTXHWUDQVSRUWDYDP
PHUFDGRULDHJDGR
7RGRV TXH PRUDP HP JUDQGHV FLGDGHV FRQYLYHP
B DJURSHFXiULDH[HUFLGDSHORVKRPHQVTXHWUDEDOKDYDP
GLDULDPHQWH FRP D SROXLomR GR DU H VRIUHP RV HIHLWRV QRFDPSR
GHVVH JUDQGH PDO 2OKRV LUULWDGRV H ODFULPHMDQWHV R
C PLQHUDGRUD H[HUFLGD SHORV KRPHQV TXH H[WUDtDP R
LQF{PRGR FDXVDGR SRU RGRUHV GHVDJUDGiYHLV H jV
RXUR
YH]HV UHSXJQDQWHV DV WHQWDWLYDV GH PDQWHU D FDVD
OLPSDGDTXHOHSyQHJURHROHRVRSURYRFDGRSHODIXOLJHP D FXOLQiULD H[HUFLGD QD VHQ]DOD FRP DV VREUDV GD
GDV FKDPLQpV GDV LQG~VWULDV 7XGR LVVR VmR SUREOHPDV FR]LQKDGRVVHQKRUHV
FRQVLGHUDGRVQRUPDLVQDYLGDGRVKDELWDQWHVGRVJUDQGHV E FRPHUFLDOH[HUFLGDSHORVFDYDOHLURVGR6XOGR%UDVLO
FHQWURVXUEDQRV
%5$1&260085*(/(Poluio do ar6mR3DXOR0RGHUQD

'HVWDFDVH GHQWUH RV SUREOHPDV DPELHQWDLV TXH


FDUDFWHUL]DP R DXPHQWR GD WHPSHUDWXUD QDV iUHDV
XUEDQDVR D
A LOKDGHFDORU
B LQYHUVmRWpUPLFD
C HIHLWRHVWXID
D UDUHIDomRGDFDPDGDGHR]{QLR
E FKXYDiFLGD

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB16* 2014

QUESTO 45

Precipitao total e temperatura mdia mensal 1961-1990


(C)
350,0 28,0
300,0 26,0
24,0
Precipitao (mm)

250,0
22,0
200,0 20,0
150,0 18,0
16,0
100,0
14,0
50,0 12,0
0,0 10,0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Meses
Precipitao Temperatura

,10(7Normais climatolgicas do Brasil  'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZOFHHVDOTXVSEU$FHVVRHPRXW DGDSWDGR 

$UHODomRHQWUHSUHFLSLWDomRHWHPSHUDWXUDDSUHVHQWDGDLQGLFDWUDWDUVHGHXPFOLPD
A WURSLFDOFRPGXDVHVWDo}HVEHPGHQLGDVXPDVHFDHRXWUDFKXYRVDWHPSHUDWXUDVPpGLDVPHQVDLVHOHYDGDV
DPSOLWXGHVWpUPLFDVDQXDLVDFHQWXDGDV
B WHPSHUDGR FRP FKXYDV EHP GLVWULEXtGDV GXUDQWH R DQR WHPSHUDWXUDV TXHQWHV QR YHUmR H IULDV QR LQYHUQR H
DPSOLWXGHVWpUPLFDVDQXDLVDFHQWXDGDV
C HTXDWRULDOFRPRFRUUrQFLDGHFKXYDVHPWRGRVRVPHVHVGRDQRFRPWHPSHUDWXUDVPHQVDLVHOHYDGDVHDPSOLWXGHV
WpUPLFDVDQXDLVEDL[DV
D VXEWURSLFDOFRPFKXYDVEHPGLVWULEXtGDVDRORQJRGRDQRWHPSHUDWXUDVFRPPpGLDVEDL[DVQRLQYHUQRHHOHYDGDV
QRYHUmRHDPSOLWXGHVWpUPLFDVDQXDLVDFHQWXDGDV
E WURSLFDO GH DOWLWXGH FRP FKXYDV FRQFHQWUDGDV QR YHUmR WHPSHUDWXUDV PpGLDV DQXDLV EDL[DV H DPSOLWXGHV
WpUPLFDVPHGLDQDV

&+GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB17*
CINCIAS DA NATUREZA QUESTO 48
E SUAS TECNOLOGIAS $OJXQV PDWHULDLV SROLPpULFRV QmR SRGHP VHU
XWLOL]DGRV SDUD D SURGXomR GH FHUWRV WLSRV GH DUWHIDWRV
Questes de 46 a 90 VHMD SRU OLPLWDo}HV GDV SURSULHGDGHV PHFkQLFDV VHMD
SHOD IDFLOLGDGH FRP TXH VRIUHP GHJUDGDomR JHUDQGR
VXESURGXWRV LQGHVHMiYHLV SDUD DTXHOD DSOLFDomR 7RUQD
VH LPSRUWDQWH HQWmR D VFDOL]DomR SDUD GHWHUPLQDU D
QUESTO 46 QDWXUH]DGRSROtPHURXWLOL]DGRQDIDEULFDomRGRDUWHIDWR
8P GRV PpWRGRV SRVVtYHLV EDVHLDVH QD GHFRPSRVLomR
(PPpGLDDFDGDGLDVRFRUUHPPXGDQoDVQRFRUSR
GR SROtPHUR SDUD D JHUDomR GRV PRQ{PHURV TXH OKH
GDPXOKHUGHYLGRDRVHXFLFORUHSURGXWLYR(PFDGDFLFOR GHUDPRULJHP
REVHUYDPVH PRGLFDo}HV PRUIROyJLFDV QDV JOkQGXODV
$ GHFRPSRVLomR FRQWURODGD GH XP DUWHIDWR JHURX D
PDPiULDV RYiULRV H ~WHUR HP IXQomR GD OLEHUDomR GH
GLDPLQD +1 &+ 1+ H R GLiFLGR +2& &+ &2+
LQ~PHURV KRUP{QLRV 1R LQtFLR GR FLFOR REVHUYDVH TXH /RJRRDUWHIDWRHUDIHLWRGH
RKRUP{QLROLEHUDGRUGHJRQDGRWURQDV *Q5+ HVWLPXOD
A SROLpVWHU
WDPEpP D OLEHUDomR GH XP RXWUR KRUP{QLR ;  TXH
SURSRUFLRQDRFUHVFLPHQWRHGLIHUHQFLDomRGHXPRYyFLWR B SROLDPLGD
SULPiULRDSUROLIHUDomRGDVFpOXODVIROLFXODUHVDIRUPDomR C SROLHWLOHQR
GD]RQDSHO~FLGDHRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGHXPDFiSVXODGH D SROLDFULODWR
WHFLGRFRQMXQWLYR GHQRPLQDGDWHFDIROLFXODU  E SROLSURSLOHQR

2KRUP{QLR;DRTXDORWH[WRVHUHIHUHpR D QUESTO 49
A HVWURJrQLR 2IHQ{PHQRGDOHYLWDomRGHFRUSRVRFRUUHQD7HUUD
B SURJHVWHURQD TXDQGRDIRUoDJUDYLWDFLRQDOpHTXLOLEUDGDID]HQGRFRP
TXH XP REMHWR SDLUH QR DU 2 VRP SRGH ID]HU REMHWRV
C OXWHLQL]DQWH /+  OHYLWDUHP IHQ{PHQR FKDPDGR GH OHYLWDomR DF~VWLFD
D IROtFXORHVWLPXODQWH )6+  8P OHYLWDGRU DF~VWLFR GHYH FRQWHU XP WUDQVGXWRU TXH p
XPDVXSHUItFLHYLEUDWyULDTXHHPLWHRVRPHXPUHHWRU
E JRQDGRWUyFRFRUL{QLFRKXPDQR +&* 
$PERV WrP VXSHUItFLHV F{QFDYDV SDUD IRFDOL]DU R VRP
QUESTO 47 FRQIRUPHDLOXVWUDomR
Refletor
$VFHUFDVHOpWULFDVLQVWDODGDVQDV]RQDVXUEDQDVVmR
GLVSRVLWLYRV GH VHJXUDQoD SODQHMDGRV SDUD LQLELU URXERV gravidade
H GHYHP VHU SURMHWDGDV SDUD QR Pi[LPR DVVXVWDU DV
SHVVRDV TXH WRTXHP D DomR TXH GHOLPLWD RV GRPtQLRV
GHXPDSURSULHGDGH$OHJLVODomRYLJHQWHTXHWUDWDVREUH
DVFHUFDVHOpWULFDVGHWHUPLQDTXHDXQLGDGHGHFRQWUROH
GHYHUi VHU FRQVWLWXtGD QR PtQLPR GH XP DSDUHOKR
HQHUJL]DGRU GH FHUFDV TXH DSUHVHQWH XP WUDQVIRUPDGRU Objeto em levitao
H XP FDSDFLWRU (OD WDPEpP PHQFLRQD TXH R WLSR GH
FRUUHQWHHOpWULFDGHYHVHUSXOVDQWH
&RQVLGHUHTXHRWUDQVIRUPDGRUVXSUDFLWDGRVHMDFRQVWLWXtGR
Transdutor
EDVLFDPHQWH SRU XP HQURODPHQWR SULPiULR H RXWUR
VHFXQGiULRHTXHHVWH~OWLPRHVWiOLJDGRLQGLUHWDPHQWHj 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSFLHQFLDKVZXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPIHY DGDSWDGR 

DomR$IXQomRGRWUDQVIRUPDGRUHPXPDFHUFDHOpWULFDp 3DUDTXHKDMDDOHYLWDomRLQGLFDGDQDJXUDDIRUoDTXH
A UHGX]LU D LQWHQVLGDGH GH FRUUHQWH HOpWULFD DVVRFLDGD HTXLOLEUDRSHVRGRREMHWRGHYHVHUGHFRUUHQWHGD
DRVHFXQGiULR A DomRPHFkQLFDGLUHWDGRWUDQVGXWRUVREUHRREMHWR
B DXPHQWDUDSRWrQFLDHOpWULFDDVVRFLDGDDRVHFXQGiULR B UHVVRQkQFLD TXH RFRUUH HQWUH D RQGD VRQRUD H R
REMHWR
C DPSOLFDU D HQHUJLD HOpWULFD DVVRFLDGD D HVWH
GLVSRVLWLYR C SUHVVmRTXHRVRPHPLWLGRSHORWUDQVGXWRUDSOLFDQR
REMHWR
D SURSRUFLRQDU SHUGDV GH HQHUJLD GR SULPiULR DR
D LQWHUIHUrQFLDGHVWUXWLYDGRVRPTXHDQXODRPRYLPHQWR
VHFXQGiULR GRREMHWR
E SURYRFDU JUDQGH SHUGD GH SRWrQFLD HOpWULFD QR E GLIHUHQoD GH SUHVVmR GRV VRQV HPLWLGR H UHHWLGR
VHFXQGiULR DSOLFDGDQRREMHWR
&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB18* 2014

QUESTO 50 QUESTO 51
$ HOHYDGD DFLGH] GRV VRORV p XP GRV IDWRUHV
UHVSRQViYHLV SRU UHGX]LU VXD FDSDFLGDGH GH WURFD GH
FiWLRQV LQWHQVLFDQGR D SHUGD GH VDLV PLQHUDLV SRU
DUUDVWH &RPR FRQVHTXrQFLD RV VRORV FDP GHFLHQWHV
HP QXWULHQWHV H FRP EDL[R SRWHQFLDO SURGXWLYR 8PD
HVWUDWpJLD XVDGD QR FRQWUROH GHVVD DFLGH] p DSOLFDU
y[LGRVFDSD]HVGHIRUPDUEDVHVSRXFRVRO~YHLVHPPHLR
DTXRVR ,QLFLDOPHQWH SDUD XPD GHWHUPLQDGD DSOLFDomR
VmR DSUHVHQWDGRV RV VHJXLQWHV y[LGRV 12 &2 62
&D2H1D2
3DUDHVVDDSOLFDomRRy[LGRDGHTXDGRSDUDPLQLPL]DUR
HIHLWRGHDUUDVWHpR
A 12
B &2
C 62
D &D2
E 1D2

QUESTO 52
2HQWHQGLPHQWRGHFRPRDVOLJDo}HVTXtPLFDVVH
IRUPDP p XP GRV DVVXQWRV IXQGDPHQWDLV GD FLrQFLD
$SDUWLUGHVVHVIXQGDPHQWRVSRGHVHHQWHQGHUFRPR
VmR GHVHQYROYLGRV QRYRV PDWHULDV 3RU H[HPSOR GH
DFRUGR FRP D UHJUD GR RFWHWR QD IRUPDomR GH XPD
OLJDomR FRYDOHQWH RV iWRPRV WHQGHP D FRPSOHWDU
VHXV RFWHWRV SHOR FRPSDUWLOKDPHQWR GH HOpWURQV
DWLQJLU FRQILJXUDomR GH JiV QREUH ns 2 np 6  3RUpP
TXDQGR R iWRPR FHQWUDO GH XPD PROpFXOD WHP
RUELWDLVdYD]LRVHOHSRGHDFRPRGDURXDWp
PDLVHOpWURQV2VHOpWURQVGHVWDFDPDGDGHYDOrQFLD
H[SDQGLGDSRGHPHVWDUFRPRSDUHVLVRODGRVRXSRGHP
VHUXVDGRVSHORiWRPRFHQWUDOSDUDIRUPDUOLJDo}HV
$ LOXVWUDomR UHSUHVHQWD XPD GDV PDLV FRQKHFLGDV
REUDV GR DUWLVWD JUiFR KRODQGrV 0 & (VFKHU  6HX $ HVWUXWXUD TXH UHSUHVHQWD XPD PROpFXOD FRP R RFWHWR
WUDEDOKRWHPFRPRFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVDVJXUDVJHRPpWULFDV H[SDQGLGR H[FHomRjUHJUDGRRFWHWR p
HLOXV}HVGHySWLFD A %)
'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZP\VSDFHFRP$FHVVRHPRXW B 1+
3HODV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV GD LPDJHP IRUPDGD QD JUDYXUD R C 3&O
DUWLVWDUHSUHVHQWRXXPHVSHOKRHVIpULFRGRWLSR D %H+
E $OI
A FRQYH[R SRLV DV LPDJHQV GH WRGRV RV REMHWRV
IRUPDGDVQDHVIHUDLQFOXVLYHDGRDUWLVWDVmRYLUWXDLV
B F{QFDYRSRLVDVLPDJHQVVmRGLUHLWDVLQGLFDQGRTXH
WRGRVRVREMHWRVYLVXDOL]DGRVHVWmRHQWUHRIRFRHR
HVSHOKR
C F{QFDYRGHYLGRDRSHTXHQRFDPSRGHYLVmRQmRp
SRVVtYHOREVHUYDUWRGRVRVGHWDOKHVGRORFDORQGHVH
HQFRQWUDRDUWLVWD
D FRQYH[R SRLV DV LPDJHQV VmR IRUPDGDV SHOR
FUX]DPHQWRGRVUDLRVGHOX]UHHWLGRVSHODHVIHUDSRU
LVVRDVLPDJHQVVmRGLUHLWDVHQmRLQYHUWLGDV
E F{QFDYR GHYLGR jV LPDJHQV IRUPDGDV SRU HVWH
HVSHOKR VHUHP WRGDV UHDLV RX VHMD IRUPDGDV SHOR
FUX]DPHQWRGRVUDLRVGHOX]UHHWLGRVSHODHVIHUD

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB19*
QUESTO 53
$VSURSULHGDGHVItVLFDVHTXtPLFDVGHXPDFHUWDVXEVWkQFLDHVWmRUHODFLRQDGDVjVLQWHUDo}HVHQWUHDVXQLGDGHV
TXHDFRQVWLWXHPLVWRpDVOLJDo}HVTXtPLFDVHQWUHiWRPRVRXtRQVHDVIRUoDVLQWHUPROHFXODUHVTXHDFRPS}HP1R
TXDGURHVWmRUHODFLRQDGDVDOJXPDVSURSULHGDGHVGHFLQFRVXEVWkQFLDV

Condutividade eltrica
Temperatura de Temperatura de Solubilidade em
Substncias
fuso (C) ebulio (C) gua a 25 C em no estado
soluo slido

I 3 550 4 287 Insolvel  No conduz

II 801 1 413 Solvel Conduz No conduz

III 1 808 3 023 Insolvel  Conduz

IV 2 850 3 700 Insolvel  No conduz

No
V 81 49 Solvel No conduz
conduz

4XDOVXEVWkQFLDDSUHVHQWDSURSULHGDGHVTXHFDUDFWHUL]DPRFORUHWRGHVyGLR 1D&O "


A I
B II
C III
D IV
E V

QUESTO 54

2FLFORGDiJXDHQYROYHSURFHVVRVGHHYDSRUDomRFRQGHQVDomRHSUHFLSLWDomRGDiJXDQRDPELHQWH1DHWDSD
GHHYDSRUDomRSRGHVHGL]HUTXHDiJXDUHVXOWDQWHHQFRQWUDVHSXUDHQWUHWDQWRTXDQGRHPFRQWDWRFRPSROXHQWHV
DWPRVIpULFRVFRPRRVy[LGRVVXOIXURVRHQLWURVRpFRQWDPLQDGD'HVVDIRUPDTXDQGRDiJXDSUHFLSLWDWUD]FRQVLJR
VXEVWkQFLDVTXHLQWHUIHUHPGLUHWDPHQWHQRDPELHQWH
$TXDOSUREOHPDDPELHQWDORWH[WRID]UHIHUrQFLD"
A &KXYDiFLGD
B 3ROXLomRGRDU
C $TXHFLPHQWRJOREDO
D 'HVWUXLomRGDFDPDGDGHR]{QLR
E (XWUR]DomRGRVFRUSRVKtGULFRV

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB20* 2014

QUESTO 55 QUESTO 57

$ EDXQLOKD p XPD HVSpFLH GH RUTXtGHD $ SDUWLU GH $ UDGLRWHUDSLD p XP PpWRGR FDSD] GH GHVWUXLU
VXDRUpSURGX]LGDDYDQLOLQD FRQIRUPHUHSUHVHQWDomR FpOXODV WXPRUDLV HPSUHJDQGR IHL[H GH UDGLDo}HV
TXtPLFD TXHGiRULJHPDRDURPDGHEDXQLOKD LRQL]DQWHV 8PD GRVH SUpFDOFXODGD GH UDGLDomR p
DSOLFDGDEXVFDQGRGHVWUXLUDVFpOXODVWXPRUDLVFRPR
OH PHQRUGDQRSRVVtYHOjVFpOXODVQRUPDLVFLUFXQYL]LQKDV
OCH3 $ UHVSRVWD GRV WHFLGRV jV UDGLDo}HV GHSHQGH GH
GLYHUVRV IDWRUHV HQWUH HOHV D R[LJHQDomR (P WHUPRV
SUiWLFRVLVWRTXHUGL]HUTXHSDUDXPPHVPRHIHLWRHP
FRQGLo}HV GH KLSy[LD EDL[D R[LJHQDomR  p QHFHVViULD
XPDGRVHGHLUUDGLDomRDYH]HVVXSHULRUjTXH
VHULDLQGLFDGDHPFRQGLo}HVGHR[LJHQDomRQRUPDLVR
COH TXHVHULDOHWDO
'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZLQFDJRYEU$FHVVRHPDJR
1DYDQLOLQDHVWmRSUHVHQWHVDVIXQo}HVRUJkQLFDV
&RQVLGHUDQGR HVVDV LQIRUPDo}HV SRGHVH GHGX]LU TXH
A DOGHtGRpWHUHIHQRO D DSOLFDomR GHVVH SURFHGLPHQWR HVWi FRQWUDLQGLFDGD QD
B iOFRRODOGHtGRHpWHU VLWXDomRGH
C iOFRROFHWRQDHIHQRO A DQHPLD
D DOGHtGRFHWRQDHIHQRO B EDVROLD
E iFLGRFDUER[tOLFRDOGHtGRHpWHU C HRVLQROLD
QUESTO 56 D OLQIRFLWRVH
E OHXFRSHQLD
1RVWHPSRVDWXDLVJUDQGHVHVIRUoRVVmRUHDOL]DGRV
SDUDPLQLPL]DUDGHSHQGrQFLDGRVFRPEXVWtYHLVGHULYDGRV QUESTO 58
GHIRQWHVIyVVHLVEXVFDQGRDOWHUQDWLYDVFRPRFRPSRVWRV
SURYHQLHQWHV GH IRQWHV UHQRYiYHLV ELRGHJUDGiYHLV H 1R WHUULWyULR EUDVLOHLUR H[LVWHP SHUtRGRV GR DQR
TXH FDXVHP PHQRV LPSDFWR QD DWPRVIHUD WHUUHVWUH
8P FRPEXVWtYHO UHQRYiYHO ;  GH JUDQGH LPSRUWkQFLD TXH DSUHVHQWDP TXHGD QD XPLGDGH GR DU ID]HQGR FRP
HFRQ{PLFDpREWLGRDSDUWLUGDHTXDomRJHQpULFD TXH R DU TXH EDVWDQWH VHFR 1HVVD pSRFD p FRPXP
6DFDURVH&+2;&2 REVHUYDUTXHDVSHVVRDVDRVDtUHPGRFDUURHWRFDUHP
DPDoDQHWDGDSRUWDOHYDPSHTXHQRVFKRTXHVHOpWULFRV
&RPEDVHQDHTXDomRRUHIHULGRFRPEXVWtYHOUHQRYiYHO
pR $OpPGLVVRSHVVRDVTXHFDPPXLWRWHPSRHPFRQWDWR
FRP DSDUHOKRV HOHWURGRPpVWLFRV RX TXH GRUPHP FRP
A HWDQRO
URXSDVIHLWDVGHGHWHUPLQDGRVPDWHULDLVFRPRDVHGDDR
B EXWDQR
WRFDUHPREMHWRVPHWiOLFRVWDPEpPVHQWHPDVGHVFDUJDV
C SURSDQR
HOpWULFDVRXVHMDOHYDPXPFKRTXHHOpWULFR
D ELRGLHVHO
E JiVQDWXUDO 2FRUSRKXPDQRVRIUHFRPHVVHIHQ{PHQRGHGHVFDUJD
HOpWULFDFRPSRUWDQGRVHFRPRXPFRQGXWRUSRLV
A RIHUHFHUHVLVWrQFLDQXODDRPRYLPHQWRGDTXDQWLGDGH
OtTXLGDGHFDUJDDWUDYpVGRFRUSR
B SHUPLWH TXH XPD TXDQWLGDGH OtTXLGD GH FDUJD VH
GHVORTXHFRPIDFLOLGDGHDWUDYpVGRFRUSR
C SHUPLWH TXH XPD TXDQWLGDGH OtTXLGD GH FDUJD VH
GHVORTXHFRPGLFXOGDGHDWUDYpVGRFRUSR
D UHGX]RGHVORFDPHQWRGDTXDQWLGDGHOtTXLGDGHFDUJD
HPIXQomRGRDXPHQWRGDGLIHUHQoDGHSRWHQFLDO
E DOWHUQDDFDSDFLGDGHGHGHVORFDPHQWRGDTXDQWLGDGH
OtTXLGDGHFDUJDQRFRUSRIDFLOLWDQGRRXGLFXOWDQGR
RIHQ{PHQR

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB21*
QUESTO 59 QUESTO 62
$ UHSURGXomR p XPD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD DWULEXtGD D WRGRV 2 FLDQHWR GH VyGLR 1D&1 p XP SRGHURVR DJHQWH
RVVHUHVYLYRVXQLFHOXODUHVRXSOXULFHOXODUHVGHTXDOTXHU FRPSOH[DQWH XVDGR HP ODERUDWyULRV TXtPLFRV H HP
HVSpFLH LQG~VWULDV GH H[WUDomR GH RXUR 4XDQGR XPD LQG~VWULD
(PFRQGLo}HVQDWXUDLVDLPSRUWkQFLDGHVVDFDUDFWHUtVWLFD ODQoD1D&1VyOLGRQDViJXDVGHXPULRRFRUUHRVHJXLQWH
UHVLGHQRIDWRGHSHUPLWLUR D HTXLOtEULRTXtPLFR
A WUDQVIHUrQFLD GH FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV EiVLFDV HQWUH &1 DT + 2 l  +&1 DT 2+ DT

LQGLYtGXRVGHHVSpFLHVGLIHUHQWHV
(VVHHTXLOtEULRTXtPLFRpGHFRUUHQWHGHXPDUHDomRGH
B GXSOLFDomR GD TXDQWLGDGH GH '1$ QDV FpOXODV GD
HVSpFLHDRORQJRGDVJHUDo}HV A VtQWHVH
C FUX]DPHQWR HQWUH LQGLYtGXRV GH HVSpFLHV GLIHUHQWHV B KLGUyOLVH
JHUDQGRGHVFHQGHQWHVIpUWHLV C R[LUUHGXomR
D DXPHQWR GD TXDQWLGDGH GH FpOXODV GRV VHUHV YLYRV D SUHFLSLWDomR
SDUDTXHVHWRUQHPSOXULFHOXODUHV
E GHFRPSRVLomR
E SHUSHWXDomR GD HVSpFLH H FRQVHUYDomR GH VXDV
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDVDRORQJRGDVJHUDo}HV QUESTO 63
QUESTO 60 8PD SHVVRD TXHU LQVWDODU XPD LOXPLQDomR
GHFRUDWLYDSDUDDVIHVWDVGHQDOGHDQR3DUDLVVRHOD
2JRYHUQREUDVLOHLURDSyVDQiOLVHGDVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV
DGTXLUH XP FRQMXQWR GH  OkPSDGDV OLJDGDV HP VpULH
ItVLFDVGRORFDOLQFOXLQGRVLVPRORJLDPHWHRURORJLDJHRORJLD
1DVXDUHVLGrQFLDDWHQVmRGDUHGHHOpWULFDpGH9
H KLGURORJLD GHFLGLX FRQVWUXLU D XVLQD WHUPRQXFOHDU HP
HDWRPDGDXWLOL]DGDSRGHIRUQHFHURPi[LPRGH$GH
$QJUDGRV5HLVQR5LRGH-DQHLUR$HVFROKDGHVVHORFDO
LQWHQVLGDGHGHFRUUHQWH
IRLTXHVWLRQDGDSRUSDUWHGDVRFLHGDGHFLYLOVREDDOHJDomR
GH TXH HVVD FLGDGH p XP SDUDtVR WXUtVWLFR SUy[LPD GH 4XDLV DV HVSHFLFDo}HV GDV OkPSDGDV TXH GHYHP VHU
iUHDVGHQVDPHQWHKDELWDGDV7HPHQGRDSUREDELOLGDGHGH XWLOL]DGDVSDUDREWHURPi[LPRGHSRWrQFLDQDLOXPLQDomR"
RFRUUHUXPJUDYHDFLGHQWHRVGHIHQVRUHVSURSXVHUDPTXH
A 9H:
HVVDXVLQDIRVVHLQVWDODGDHPUHJL}HVGHVDELWDGDVFRPR
R6HUWmRQRUGHVWLQR B 9H:
'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZFQHQJRYEU$FHVVRHPDJR C 9H:
$FDUDFWHUtVWLFDTXHLPSHGHTXHHVVDXVLQDVHMDLQVWDODGD D 9H:
QRORFDOSURSRVWRSHODVRFLHGDGHFLYLOpR D E 9H:
A SHTXHQDHVWDELOLGDGHGRVROR
B EDL[RtQGLFHSOXYLRPpWULFRDQXDO
C DXVrQFLDGHJUDQGHVYROXPHVGHiJXD
D EDL[DPRYLPHQWDomRGDVPDVVDVGHDU
E HOHYDomRGDWHPSHUDWXUDDRORQJRGRDQR
QUESTO 61
$V PiTXLQDV WpUPLFDV IRUDP DSULPRUDGDV GXUDQWH D
SULPHLUD 5HYROXomR ,QGXVWULDO LQLFLDGD QD ,QJODWHUUD QR
VpFXOR ;9,,, 2 WUDEDOKR GR HQJHQKHLUR IUDQFrV 1LFRODV
/pRQDUG6DGL&DUQRWTXHQRWRXDUHODomRHQWUHDHFLrQFLD
GDPiTXLQDDYDSRUHDGLIHUHQoDGHWHPSHUDWXUDHQWUHR
YDSRU H R DPELHQWH H[WHUQR IRL IXQGDPHQWDO SDUD HVVH
DSULPRUDPHQWR
$ VROXomR GHVHQYROYLGD SRU &DUQRW SDUD DXPHQWDU D
HFLrQFLDGDPiTXLQDDYDSRUIRL
A UHGX]LURYROXPHGRUHFLSLHQWHVRESUHVVmRFRQVWDQWH
B DXPHQWDURYROXPHGRUHFLSLHQWHHUHGX]LUDSUHVVmR
SURSRUFLRQDOPHQWH
C UHGX]LU R YROXPH GR UHFLSLHQWH H D SUHVVmR
SURSRUFLRQDOPHQWH
D UHGX]LUDSUHVVmRGHQWURGRUHFLSLHQWHHPDQWHUVHX
YROXPH
E DXPHQWDU D SUHVVmR GHQWUR GR UHFLSLHQWH H PDQWHU
VHXYROXPH
&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB22* 2014

QUESTO 64
2TXDGURDVHJXLUUHIHUHVHDRVJUXSRVVDQJXtQHRVKXPDQRVHVHXVUHVSHFWLYRVJHQyWLSRVHRHVTXHPDVHJXLQWH
UHSUHVHQWDDVSRVVLELOLGDGHVGHGRDomRHQWUHHVVHVGLIHUHQWHVJUXSRV

Grupos sanguneos Gentipos


$ I$I$RX,$i
% I%I%RX,%i
$% I$I%
2 ii

8PFDVDOWHPWUrVOKRVVHQGRXPGRJUXSR$RXWURGRJUXSR%HRWHUFHLURGRJUXSR2&RQVLGHUDQGRVHVRPHQWHR
VLVWHPD$%2SDUDQVGHWUDQIXVmRVDQJXtQHDDSUREDELOLGDGHGHRFDVDOGDUjOX]XPDPHQLQDTXHQRIXWXURSRVVD
GRDUVDQJXHSDUDWRGRVVHXVLUPmRVpGH
A 
B 
C 
D 
E 

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB23*
QUESTO 65 QUESTO 67

8PD FULDQoD HVWi HP XP FDUURVVHO HP XP SDUTXH 8P WLSR GH UDGDU XWLOL]DGR SDUD PHGLU D YHORFLGDGH
GH GLYHUV}HV (VWH EULQTXHGR GHVFUHYH XP PRYLPHQWR GH XP FDUUR EDVHLDVH QR HIHLWR 'RSSOHU 1HVVH FDVR
FLUFXODUFRPLQWHUYDORGHWHPSRUHJXODU DV RQGDV HOHWURPDJQpWLFDV VmR HQYLDGDV SHOR UDGDU H
UHHWHPQRYHtFXORHPPRYLPHQWRHSRVWHULRUPHQWHVmR
$IRUoDUHVXOWDQWHTXHDWXDVREUHDFULDQoD GHWHFWDGDVGHYROWDSHORUDGDU
A pQXOD 8PFDUURPRYHQGRVHHPGLUHomRDRUDGDUUHHWHRQGDVFRP
B pREOtTXDjYHORFLGDGHGRFDUURVVHO A DOWXUDPHQRU
C pSDUDOHODjYHORFLGDGHGRFDUURVVHO B DPSOLWXGHPHQRU
D HVWiGLUHFLRQDGDSDUDIRUDGREULQTXHGR C IUHTXrQFLDPDLRU
E HVWiGLUHFLRQDGDSDUDRFHQWURGREULQTXHGR D LQWHQVLGDGHPDLRU
E YHORFLGDGHPDLRU
QUESTO 66
QUESTO 68
9RFr Mi RXYLX HVVD IUDVH URORX XPD TXtPLFD HQWUH
QyV2DPRUpIUHTXHQWHPHQWHDVVRFLDGRDXPIHQ{PHQR 2 WUDWDPHQWR FRQYHQFLRQDO GD iJXD TXDQGR Ki
PiJLFR RX HVSLULWXDO SRUpP H[LVWH D DWXDomR GH DOJXQV UHPRYH WRGDV DV LPSXUH]DV" 1mR  FXVWD GH PXLWD
FRPSRVWRV HP QRVVR FRUSR TXH SURYRFDP VHQVDo}HV DGLomR GH FORUR D iJXD TXH DEDVWHFH UHVLGrQFLDV
TXDQGRHVWDPRVSHUWRGDSHVVRDDPDGDFRPRFRUDomR HVFRODV H WUDEDOKRV p EDFWHULRORJLFDPHQWH VHJXUD
2V WUDWDPHQWRV GLVSRQtYHLV UHPRYHP SDUWtFXODV H SDUWH
DFHOHUDGR H DXPHQWR GD IUHTXrQFLD UHVSLUDWyULD (VVDV
GDV VXEVWkQFLDV GLVVROYLGDV UHVXOWDQGR HP XPD iJXD
VHQVDo}HVVmRWUDQVPLWLGDVSRUQHXURWUDQVPLVVRUHVWDLV WUDQVSDUHQWHHJHUDOPHQWHLQRGRUDHLQVtSLGDPDVQmR
FRPRDGUHQDOLQDQRUDGUHQDOLQDIHQLOHWLODPLQDGRSDPLQD TXLPLFDPHQWHSXUD2SURFHVVRGHSXULFDomRGDiJXD
HDVVHURWRQLQDV FRPSUHHQGH HWDSDV GLVWLQWDV TXH VmR D GHFDQWDomR
D FRDJXODomRRFXODomR D OWUDomR D GHVLQIHFomR H D
XRUHWDomR
*8,0$5(6-5'Claro como a gua?'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSFLHQFLDKRMHXROFRPEU
$FHVVRHPDEU DGDSWDGR 

'HQWUHDVHWDSDVGHVFULWDVVmRFRQVLGHUDGDVSURFHVVRV
Noradrenalina TXtPLFRV
Adrenalina
A 'HFDQWDomRHFRDJXODomR
B 'HFDQWDomRHOWUDomR
C &RDJXODomRHGHVLQIHFomR
Dopamina D )ORFXODomRHOWUDomR
E )LOWUDomRHXRUHWDomR
Feniletilamina

Serotonina

'LVSRQtYHOHPZZZEUDVLOHVFRODFRP$FHVVRHPPDU DGDSWDGR 

2V QHXURWUDQVPLVVRUHV FLWDGRV SRVVXHP HP FRPXP R


JUXSRIXQFLRQDOFDUDFWHUtVWLFRGDIXQomR
A pWHU
B iOFRRO
C DPLQD
D FHWRQD
E iFLGRFDUER[tOLFR

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB24* 2014

QUESTO 69 QUESTO 71
$ FHOXORVH SUHVHQWH QRV YHJHWDLV p XP DOLPHQWR 2 PLPHWLVPR p XPD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD DGDSWDWLYD
LPSRUWDQWHSDUDPXLWDVHVSpFLHVGHDQLPDLVKHUEtYRURV TXH SRGH LQXHQFLDU SRVLWLYDPHQWH QDV FKDQFHV GH
FRPR RV UXPLQDQWHV (OHV SUySULRV QmR WrP FDSDFLGDGH VREUHYLYrQFLD 1HVVD FRQGLomR XPD HVSpFLH DSUHVHQWD
GHGLJHULUDFHOXORVHHSDUDTXHHODVHMDDSURYHLWDGDp XPDFDUDFWHUtVWLFDGHRXWUDHVSpFLHTXHpQmRFRPHVWtYHO
QHFHVViULD XPD DVVRFLDomR FRP PLFURUJDQLVPRV TXH HRXQmRSDODWiYHO
FDPQDSDUWHDJODQGXODUGRHVW{PDJRGRVUXPLQDQWHV
&RPRH[HPSORGHVHUHVTXHVHXWLOL]DPGHVVDHVWUDWpJLD
(VVHV PLFURUJDQLVPRV VmR FDSD]HV GH SURGX]LU D
GHVREUHYLYrQFLDKi
FHOXODVHXPDHQ]LPDTXHGLJHUHDFHOXORVHSRVVLELOLWDQGR
RDSURYHLWDPHQWRGDPDWpULDRUJkQLFDYHJHWDOWDQWRSHORV A R LQVHWR FXMD IRUPD H FRORUDomR DVVHPHOKDPVH D
UXPLQDQWHVFRPRSHORVPLFURUJDQLVPRV IROKDVGHiUYRUHVHPHVWDGRGHGHFRPSRVLomR
$UHODomRGHVFULWDpXPH[HPSORGH B DUDSRVDGRiUWLFRTXHDSUHVHQWDSHODJHQVGLIHUHQWHV
SDUDDHVWDomRGRLQYHUQRHHVWDomRGRYHUmR
A SUHGDWLVPR
C RFDYDORPDULQKRTXHDSUHVHQWDSURMHo}HVQRFRUSR
B FRPSHWLomR TXHOHPEUDPDVDOJDVHQWUHDVTXDLVHOHVYLYHP
C PXWXDOLVPR D DIDOVDFRUDOTXHDSUHVHQWDDFRORUDomRVLPLODUjGD
D LQTXLOLQLVPR FRUDOYHUGDGHLUDDSHVDUGHVHUSRXFRSHoRQKHQWD
E FRPHQVDOLVPR E RFDPDOHmRTXHPXGDDVXDFRORUDomRDVVXPLQGRDV
FRUHVSUHGRPLQDQWHVGRORFDORQGHVHHQFRQWUD
QUESTO 70
QUESTO 72
0DQJXH]DLV VmR ELRPDV OLWRUkQHRV TXH RFRUUHP DR
ORQJR GD FRVWD EUDVLOHLUD FRP YHJHWDomR FDUDFWHUtVWLFD 0HLRV GH FXOWXUD VmR XWLOL]DGRV FRPR IRQWHV GH
TXH VH GHVHQYROYH HP VROR ORGRVR DODJDGR H VDOJDGR QXWULHQWHV SDUD R FUHVFLPHQWR GH PLFURUJDQLVPRV HP
8PDSODQWDSUHVHQWHQHVVHELRPDpAviccenia tomentosa ODERUDWyULRV 3HVTXLVDGRUHV EUDVLOHLURV DYDOLDUDP D
FRQKHFLGD SRSXODUPHQWH FRPR VLUL~ED 'HQWUH DV YLDELOLGDGH GD SURGXomR GH iFLGR OiWLFR SHOD EDFWpULD
FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV DGDSWDWLYDV GHVVD SODQWD GHVWDFDPVH Leuconostoc mesenteroides %) XWLOL]DQGR QD
VXDV UDt]HV TXH DRUDP SHUSHQGLFXODUPHQWH DR VROR FRPSRVLomR GR PHLR GH FXOWXUD XP VXEVWUDWR j EDVH
FRQKHFLGDVFRPRSQHXPDWyIRURV GH PDWHULDO REWLGR GR DSURYHLWDPHQWR GH H[FHGHQWHV
GD DJURLQG~VWULD WURSLFDO ORFDO GH FDMX 2V UHVXOWDGRV
(VVDDGDSWDomRHVWiUHODFLRQDGDDXPDPDLRU
REWLGRV PRVWUDUDP TXH R PHLR GH FXOWXUD HQULTXHFLGR
A HOLPLQDomRGHiJXD FRP[DURSHGHFDMXSURSLFLRXXPFUHVFLPHQWRDGHTXDGR
B FDSWDomRGH2GRDU GHVWDEDFWpULD
*8,/+(50($$3,172*$652'5,*8(66$YDOLDomRGDSURGXomR
C FDSWDomRGH&2GRDU GHiFLGROiWLFRSRU/HXFRQRVWRFPHVHQWHURLGHV%)HP[DURSHGHFDMX
D DEVRUomRGHQXWULHQWHV Cincia Tecnologia de Alimentos   DGDSWDGR 

E [DomRDRVRORGRPDQJXH]DO 2FDUERLGUDWRSUHVHQWHQR[DURSHGHFDMXTXHDX[LOLRXQR
FUHVFLPHQWRGHVWDEDFWpULDIRLD
A FHOXORVH
B JOLFRVH
C PDOWRVH
D ODFWRVH
E ULERVH

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB25*
QUESTO 73

2DTXHFLPHQWRGHiJXDHPUHVLGrQFLDVFRPRXVRGHHQHUJLDVRODUpXPDDOWHUQDWLYDDRXVRGHRXWUDVIRQWHV
GH HQHUJLD$ UDGLDomR VRODU DR LQFLGLU QDV SODFDV SURPRYH R DTXHFLPHQWR GD iJXD 2 FREUH p XP GRV PDWHULDLV
HPSUHJDGRVQDSURGXomRGRVWXERVTXHFRQGX]HPDiJXDQRVFROHWRUHVVRODUHV2XWURVPDWHULDLVSRGHULDPWDPEpP
VHUHPSUHJDGRV
$WDEHODDVHJXLUDSUHVHQWDDOJXPDVSURSULHGDGHVGHPHWDLVTXHSRGHULDPVXEVWLWXLURFREUH

Metal
Propriedades
Alumnio Chumbo Ferro Nquel Zinco
&DORUGHIXVmRN-PRO     
&RQGXWLYLGDGHWpUPLFD: P.     
&DSDFLGDGHFDORUtFD- PRO.     
'HDFRUGRFRPDVSURSULHGDGHVGRVPHWDLVOLVWDGDVQDWDEHODRPHOKRUPHWDOSDUDVXEVWLWXLURFREUHVHULDR
A DOXPtQLR
B FKXPER
C IHUUR
D QtTXHO
E ]LQFR

QUESTO 74

2JUiFRDSUHVHQWDDSUHFLSLWDomRPHQVDODFXPXODGDQRPXQLFtSLRGH6mR&DUORV63DRORQJRGRDQRGH
FRQWUDVWDQGRFRPDVPpGLDVPHQVDLVSDUDRSHUtRGRGHD
Precipitao (mm)

&+,%$:$&HFRO(VWXGRVD]RQDOGDFRQWDPLQDomRSRUPHWDLVQDiJXDHVHGLPHQWRVHPXPDVXEEDFLDQDUHJLmRVXGHVWHGR%UDVLOBrazilian Journal of BiologyQRY

&RQVLGHUDQGRVHTXHDSURGXomRGHDJHQWHVSROXHQWHVWHPVHPDQWLGRFRQVWDQWHGHVGHHTXHRHVFRDPHQWR
SOXYLDOVHMDDSULQFLSDOIRQWHGHSROXLomRGRVULRVGDUHJLmRVHULDGHVHHVSHUDUTXHRYROXPHGHSROXHQWHVQRVULRV
GXUDQWHDSULPDYHUD VHWHPEURDGH]HPEUR GHIRVVH
A SURJUHVVLYDPHQWHPHQRUDFDGDPrV
B VHPHOKDQWHjPpGLDKLVWyULFDQRYHUmR
C DFLPDGDPpGLDGHYHUmRSDUDRPHVPRDQR
D DEDL[RGDPpGLDGHLQYHUQRSDUDRPHVPRDQR
E PHQRUTXHDPpGLDKLVWyULFDQRPHVPRSHUtRGR

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB26* 2014

QUESTO 75 QUESTO 77

'RLVVDWpOLWHVDUWLFLDLV6H6GHPDVVDV0H0 $ UHSRUWDJHP 3ULPR SREUH GDV GRHQoDV SXEOLFDGD


QD UHYLVWD Cincia Hoje HP  UHODWDYD D DomR GH
UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH HVWmR HP yUELWD DR UHGRU GD 7HUUD H
XPD RUJDQL]DomR QmR JRYHUQDPHQWDO QRUWH DPHULFDQD
VXMHLWRV DR VHX FDPSR JUDYLWDFLRQDO 4XDQGR R VDWpOLWH
HP EXVFD GR GHVHQYROYLPHQWR GH XPD YDFLQD FRQWUD
6 SDVVD SRU XP GHWHUPLQDGR SRQWR GR HVSDoR VXD R 3ODVPRGLXP 2 3ODVPRGLXP p XP SDUDVLWD TXH DR
DFHOHUDomRpGHPV SHQHWUDU QR FRUSR KXPDQR SRGH FDXVDU XPD VpULH GH
VLQWRPDVVHQGRFOiVVLFRRHVWDGRIHEULOJUDYHTXHSRGH
4XDOVHUiDDFHOHUDomRGRVDWpOLWH6TXDQGRHOHSDVVDU OHYDURLQGLYtGXRDRyELWR
SHORPHVPRSRQWR" 'LVSRQtYHOHPKWWSFLHQFLDKRMHXROFRPEU$FHVVRHPPDU

A PV (VVDYDFLQDWHPFRPRREMHWLYRFRQWURODUDRFRUUrQFLDGD
B PV A GRHQoDGH&KDJDV
C PV B WR[RSODVPRVH
C OHLVKPDQLRVH
D PV
D HOHIDQWtDVH
E PV
E PDOiULD

QUESTO 76 QUESTO 78

$GXEDomR YHUGH XPD GDV PDQHLUDV GH FXOWLYDU H 'XUDQWH D IRUPDomR GH XPD WHPSHVWDGH VmR
REVHUYDGDVYiULDVGHVFDUJDVHOpWULFDVRVUDLRVTXHSRGHP
WUDWDU EHP R VROR p XPD WpFQLFD DJUtFROD TXH FRQVLVWH
RFRUUHU GDV QXYHQV SDUD R VROR GHVFDUJD GHVFHQGHQWH 
QRFXOWLYRGHHVSpFLHVGHSODQWDVFRPHOHYDGRSRWHQFLDO GR VROR SDUD DV QXYHQV GHVFDUJD DVFHQGHQWH  RX HQWUH
GH SURGXomR GH PDVVD YHJHWDO VHPHDGDV HP URWDomR XPD QXYHP H RXWUD 1RUPDOPHQWH REVHUYDVH SULPHLUR
VXFHVVmRHDWpHPFRQVyUFLRFRPFXOWXUDVGHLQWHUHVVH XPFODUmRQRFpX UHOkPSDJR HVRPHQWHDOJXQVVHJXQGRV
GHSRLVRXYHVHREDUXOKR WURYmR FDXVDGRSHODGHVFDUJD
HFRQ{PLFR 1R FXOWLYR HP URWDomR R DGXER YHUGH SRGH
HOpWULFD2WURYmRRFRUUHGHYLGRDRDTXHFLPHQWRGRDUSHOD
VHU LQFRUSRUDGR DR VROR DSyV D URoDGD SDUD SRVWHULRU GHVFDUJD HOpWULFD TXH VRIUH XPD H[SDQVmR H VH SURSDJD
SODQWLR GD FXOWXUD GH LQWHUHVVH HFRQ{PLFR RX PDQWLGR HPIRUPDGHRQGDVRQRUD
HPFREHUWXUDVREUHDVXSHUItFLHGRWHUUHQRID]HQGRVHR 2 IHQ{PHQR GH RXYLU R WURYmR FHUWR WHPSR DSyV D
SODQWLRGLUHWRGDFXOWXUDQDSDOKDGD GHVFDUJDHOpWULFDWHURFRUULGRGHYHVH
6,/9$$&)$GXEDomRYHUGHHRPDQHMRGHFREHUWXUDGRVRORJornal VanguardaDEU
A j YHORFLGDGH GH SURSDJDomR GR VRP VHU GLPLQXtGD
$FHVVRHPZZZMYDQJXDUGDFRPEU DGDSWDGR 
SRUFRQWDGRDTXHFLPHQWRGRDU
$WpFQLFDGHDGXEDomRYHUGHpYDQWDMRVDSRU B j SURSDJDomR GD OX] RFRUUHU DWUDYpV GR DU H D
SURSDJDomRGRVRPRFRUUHUDWUDYpVGRVROR
A SHUPLWLUFRUUHomRTXtPLFDUHQDGDGRVROR
C jYHORFLGDGHGHSURSDJDomRGDOX]VHUPDLRUGRTXHD
B OLEHUDUJUDGXDOPHQWHVDLVPLQHUDLVGLYHUVRV YHORFLGDGHGHSURSDJDomRGRVRPQRDU
C YLDELOL]DUXPDDGXEDomRUiSLGDHPUHJL}HVIULDV D DRUHOkPSDJRVHUJHUDGRSHORPRYLPHQWRGHFDUJDV
HOpWULFDV HQTXDQWR R VRP p JHUDGR D SDUWLU GD
D SHUPLWLURDUUDVWHGDPDVVDYHJHWDOHYLWDQGRH[FHVVR H[SDQVmRGRDU
E OLPLWDU D UHVSLUDomR GR VROR GLPLQXLQGR QHPDWRLGHV E DRWHPSRGDGXUDomRGDGHVFDUJDHOpWULFDVHUPHQRU
TXHRWHPSRJDVWRSHORVRPSDUDSHUFRUUHUDGLVWkQFLD
LQGHVHMDGRV HQWUHRUDLRHTXHPRREVHUYD

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB27*
QUESTO 79 QUESTO 81
$SyVXPDXPHQWRGHQRVFDVRVGHGRHQoDGH $ UHODomR VLPELyWLFD HQWUH SODQWDV H FHUWRV
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GH FRQWDPLQDomR 8P GRV SUREOHPDV HQFRQWUDGRV IRL D SHVTXLVDGRUHV FRQVHJXLUDP LQRFXODU HP WRPDWHLURV
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SURWR]RiULRHQFRQWUDGRQDVIH]HVGHVWHVLQVHWRV 6FLHQWLF$PHULFDQ%UD]LOQMXQ DGDSWDGR 
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E $GLomRGHFRUDQWHVQDWXUDLV UHJL}HVFRPWHPSHUDWXUDVPDLVTXHQWHV
QUESTO 80 E RV IUXWRV SURGX]LGRV SRU HVVDV SODQWDV QmR VHUmR
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A RFDORUJHUDGRSHODUHDomRLQWHQVLFDUiRDTXHFLPHQWR
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D RFRUUHUiDGLPLQXLomRGDHPLVVmRGHXPGRVJDVHV
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E RV JDVHV OLEHUDGRV QD UHDomR SRGHP QHXWUDOL]DU
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&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB28* 2014

QUESTO 82 QUESTO 83

2V LPSDFWRV GD FRQVWUXomR GH UHSUHVDV VmR 2SHWUyOHRTXHYD]DGHXPQDYLRFDUJXHLURHPDOWRPDU


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B RVMDWRVGHiJXDRXGHDUHLDHPSXUUDPRSHWUyOHRGD
B GLPLQXLomRGDTXDQWLGDGHGH&2QDDWPRVIHUDSHOD VXSHUItFLHSDUDRIXQGRGRPDU
IRUPDomRGRUHVHUYDWyULR C RSHWUyOHRFDGLOXtGRQDiJXDVDOJDGDHSRUVHUPDLV
C PDLRULQFLGrQFLDGHGRHQoDVHQGrPLFDVWUDQVPLWLGDV GHQVRTXHDiJXDGRPDULUiDIXQGDU
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&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB29*
QUESTO 84
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GHXPDFpOXODYHJHWDOTXDQGRHPFRQWDWRFRPXPPHLRH[WHUQRGHGLIHUHQWHFRQFHQWUDomR

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B $H%IRUDPFRORFDGDVHPPHLRLVRW{QLFRQmRVRIUHQGRPXGDQoDGHYROXPH
C %IRUDPFRORFDGDVHPPHLRH[WHUQRKLSHUW{QLFRDSUHVHQWDQGRGLPLQXLomRGHYROXPH
D %IRUDPFRORFDGDVHPFRQWDWRFRPPHLRH[WHUQRPHQRVFRQFHQWUDGRDSUHVHQWDQGRDXPHQWRGHYROXPHGRVYDF~RORV
E $ IRUDP PHUJXOKDGDV HP PHLR H[WHUQR PHQRV FRQFHQWUDGR DSUHVHQWDQGR VHXV FORURSODVWRV HVSDOKDGRV QR
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&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB30* 2014

QUESTO 85 QUESTO 86
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GH XP QRPH SDUD R QRYR UHSOLFDGRU TXH SDVVH D LGHLD GRORPLWDpFRQYHUWLGDHP&D +&2 H0J&2HOHYDQGR
GHXPDXQLGDGHGHWUDQVPLVVmRFXOWXUDORXXQLGDGHGH DFRQFHQWUDomRGHtRQV&DH0JQDiJXD8PDIRUPD
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PHLRGHLPLWDomR6HXPFLHQWLVWDRXYHRXOrXPDLGHLD &D +&2 H0J&2
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&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
2014 *BRAN75SAB31*
QUESTO 88 QUESTO 90
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GH FDUERQR QD DWPRVIHUD WHP DXPHQWDGR GHYLGR FRPEXVWtYHO GR PXQGR WHQGR IDEULFDGR  ELOK}HV
SULQFLSDOPHQWH j VXD OLEHUDomR GXUDQWH D TXHLPD GH OLWURV HP  (P XPD HWDSD GH VHX SURFHVVR GH
GH FRPEXVWtYHLV IyVVHLV 2 GLy[LGR GH FDUERQR p XP SURGXomRRHWDQROIRUPDXPDPLVWXUDOtTXLGDKRPRJrQHD
GRV FRPSRQHQWHV GD DWPRVIHUD TXH UHWpP D UDGLDomR FRPDiJXDHRXWUDVVXEVWkQFLDV$WpXPDGHWHUPLQDGD
LQIUDYHUPHOKDQDVXSHUItFLHGD7HUUDHRDXPHQWRQDVXD FRQFHQWUDomR R HWDQRO p PDLV YROiWLO TXH RV RXWURV
FRQFHQWUDomR FRQWULEXL SDUD R DTXHFLPHQWR JOREDO 8PD FRPSRQHQWHVGHVVDPLVWXUD
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QD DWPRVIHUD FRPR DFRQWHFH FRP R FRQVXPR GH
FRPEXVWtYHLVIyVVHLV

QUESTO 89
$ LQG~VWULD Wr[WLO p UHVSRQViYHO SRU XP FRQVXPR
HOHYDGR GH iJXD H GH RXWURV SURGXWRV JHUDQGR JUDQGH
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A SHUPLWHDHVWRFDJHPFRUUHWDGRHXHQWHHYLWDQGRD
FRQWDPLQDomRGHULRVHODJRV
B RV FDWDOLVDGRUHV VmR VXEVWkQFLDV TXH WrP FRPR
REMHWLYRSULQFLSDODQHXWUDOL]DomRGRS+GRPHLR
C SRGHUHFXSHUDUWRGRVRVSURGXWRVTXtPLFRVSUHVHQWHV
QDiJXDSHUPLWLQGRDUHXWLOL]DomRGHVVHVFRPSRVWRV
D DVVRFLDGD D SURFHVVRV R[LGDWLYRV SRGH SURYRFDU D
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SURFHVVR XPD YH] TXH SURYRFD D RFXODomR GRV
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&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD
*BRAN75SAB32* 2014

2014

&1GLD_&DGHUQR%5$1&23iJLQD