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Lesson Plan in Science

Grade 10

Time Frame: 60 minutes

Competency Code: S10MT- IVC-d-22

Learning Competency: Recognize the major categories of biomolecules such as

carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid.

I. Objectives

At the end of sixty minutes, the students will be able to:

1. Identify the major classes of Biomolecules;

2. Classify the different biomolecules according to their category; and
3. Give the importance of biomolecules in our daily lives

Subject Matter:

A. Topic: Biomolecules
B. Strategies: Comprehension and Conceptual Understanding
C. Materials: marker , adhesive tape , cartolina
D. References: Grade 10 Science Learners Material pages 443-446
E. Values: Enhance communication skills of the students, class participation
and cooperation

F. Science Concepts/ Key Concepts:

1. Biomolecules- are large molecules that are needed in life.

Major classes of biomolecules
a. Carbohydrates- is a very important source of energy
b. Proteins - are the building blocks of life.
c. Lipids- better known as fats
d. Nucleic Acids - are very large and complex organic molecules that
contain the genetic code.
2. Monomer is a building block that makes up a substance.

II. Development of the Lesson

a. Preliminaries
1. Classroom Management
2. Prayer
3. Greetings
4. Attendance

b. Review/Recap

The students will have a review on the previous topic. The students
will be asked the following questions:

1. What are the types of chemical reaction?

2. What are the evidences of chemical reaction?
3. Give an example of a substance that undergoes chemical


Students will be given chocolates and they will identify the

ingredients. The students will be asked about their feelings after
eating the chocolate.

III. Presentation of the Lesson

A. Activity

Activity Title: Picture Analysis

Set of pictures
Adhesive tape
Manila paper

1. The class will be divided into four (4) groups.
2. The facilitator will give each group a set of pictures and manila
3. The students will classify the set of pictures according to
carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids which was
written on the manila paper.
4. They will be given only 3 minutes to do the task, after that they
will post it on the board.
5. One representative will justify their answer on the class.


Areas to Assess 5 3 1
All members of the Some members of Few members
group cooperates the group group coopera
Cooperation in the activity cooperate in the the activity
All pictures are Some pictures are Most of the pic
Classification classified classified are classifie
accordingly accordingly inappropriat
The output was The output was The output po
Promptness posted ahead of posted on time past the tim
time required.

B. Analysis

The students will be asked the following questions:

Why did you classify the pictures in the carbohydrates? So how do you
define carbohydrates in your own understanding? How about proteins?
Lipids? and nucleic acids? Do you think the pictures fit in this
category? Which do you think is/are not included in this category?
C. Abstraction
What are Biomolecules?

Biomolecules are large molecules that are needed in life.

1. Each group will be given 3 varied strips of paper about the

elements, functions, and monomers of the four classes of
2. They will be given only 3 minutes to brainstorm of what specific
biomolecules does each strip belongs base on its composition,
function and types of monomer.
3. A group representative will post the 3 strips of paper based on what
the group has agreed.

Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

Functions: Functions: Functions: Function:

1. Energy 1.Great 1. Protein helps 1. carries

production source of long prevent genetic
2. Energy storage term energy infection and information in
2. Great for diseases. the cell
insulating 2. Repair and
through maintenance
Composing Composing Composing Composing
Elements: Elements: Elements: Elements:

Carbon, Hydrogen Carbon, Carbon, Carbon,

, and Hydrogen , Hydrogen , Hydrogen ,
Oxygen(CHO) and Oxygen Oxygen, and Oxygen,
(CHO) Nitrogen Nitrogen, and
(CHON) Phosphorous
Monomer: Monomer: Monomer: Monomer:

monosaccharide Glycerol and Amino acids nucleotides

fatty acids

Source of Source of Source of Source of

food: food: food: food:

pasta, bread, Butter, oil, Fish, egg, Seafoods,

rice, sweet tuna, cheese, grains, liver, spinach,
potato, fruits and nuts, and legumes, dairy mushrooms,
vegetables chocolates products. and yeast.

D. Application

Nutrients are essential to life, these are the substances needed by our
bodies for growth and development. Regular consumption of the right
amount of these substances can keep our bodies in good health. In order
for us to be able to track our consumption of these nutrients, commercial
products put nutrition facts embedded on their labels so that consumers
will have an idea of the contents they are taking in. On the other hand, too
much, and improper consumption of these nutrients may lead to health
problems such as obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes, gout, and heart

E. Generalization

Biomolecules are important as they control almost every aspect of

organisms. Carbohydrates provide the body with source of fuel and
energy. Proteins provide structural support and also defense against
germs and infections. Lipids in body are used as energy storage they are
very important for they make up all animal cells. Lastly, nucleic acid
carries genetic information in the cell.

F. Evaluation

Matching Type: Write the letter of the correct answer on the space
____1. Biomolecules a. great fast source of
____2. Proteins energy;
____3.Nucleic Acids made up of
____4.Carbohydrate monosaccharide
s b.large molecules that
____5. Lipids
are needed in life; are
____6. Pasta
____7. seafoods the building components
____8. Egg of life.
____9. Butter c.known as fats; great
____10. Obesity for insulating
d.carries genetic
information in the cell
e.made up of amino
acids, great for muscle
g.Nucleic Acids
j. too much lipids
k.too much
IV. Assignment

On a sheet of paper, identify the three (3) basic classifications of

carbohydrates and give two examples each.

Prepared by:


Pre- Service Teacher