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SebastienDiaquoi 4/30/16

ApThesisWriting WHAPperiod2

APComparisonThesis
InbothChinaandRussiafrom1900tothe1960s,revolutionandtheriseofCommunism
hasleadtomanycausesandconsequencessimilaranddifferent,includingbothcountries
adaptingacommunisteconomicsystemduetothelargepeasantfarmerpopulations,but
differinginhowChinawasabletoadaptsocietytotheneweconomicsystemleavingChinaa
communistnationtoday,andtheUSSRwasnotableto,turningitintowhatisnowRussia.
AnotherdifferenceisthatChinatookgreateffortintryingtoculturallyreformthecountry,while
Russiadidnot.

APChangeOverTimeThesis
InSouthAsiafrom1919toPresentDay,ModernNationalismhascausedtheregionto
experiencechangesintheindependenceofIndiaasacolonyofEngland,andtheformationof
PakistanandIndiaduetoreligiousdifferences,butalsotheregionremainedconstantinmilitary
forceandpower.

APChangeOverTimeOutline

I. SettheStageSouthAsia1919
A. IndiaisstillunderBritishruleknownastheRajandIndiaisBritainsCrown
jewel.ThepoliticalstructurestillcontainedIndianroyalty,buttheywereunder
Britishofficialsinthehierarchy.EnglandusedIndiaforexportingcommodities
suchascotton,yarn,cloth,coffee,tea,sugarcane,andsteel.
B. Aroundtheworld,WorldWarIjustendedandtheworldwasstillinshockfrom
whathadjusthappened.Therewasneverawarbeforethatinvolvedcountries
fromeveryregionoftheworld.MostWorldpowercolonieswerehitthehardest
intheirinvolvementinthewar.Indiawasoneofthosecolonies,inobligationto
helpingthemothercountry,Indiasentoveronemilliontroopstothewesternfront
inGermany,andtotheMiddleEast.Duringitsinvolvementinthewar,Indialost
over70,000troopsintheWar.
II. Changes
A. From1858to1947EnglandhaddirectruleoverIndiacalledtheRaj.In1947
IndiafinallygainedindependencefromEnglandaftermanyyearsofrebellionand
resistance.EnglandnolongersawtheneedforcontroloverIndia,anditbecame
moreofaburdenthanaperk.
B. WhileIndiawasfacingexternalconflictsduringtheworldwars,itwasalsofacing
internalconflicts.Theconflictbetweenmuslimsandhinduswasalongviolent
problemthatultimatelyleadtotheformationofpakistan.Shortlybefore
Independence,Indiawaspoliticallysplit,headedbytheIndianNationalcongress,
whichwaspredominatelymadeupofHindus,andtheMuslimLeague,madeup
ofMuslims.WhenIndiabecameindependent,landwasdividedupandthe
countriesofPakistan(mainlymuslim),andIndia(mainlyHindu)weremade.
III. Continuities
A. DuringalltheconflictandwargoingoninIndia,onecontinuitywasthemilitary
forceandpowerthatremaineddominantthroughouthistory.TheIndianarmywas
originallyorganizedbytheBritishwhentheycolonizedIndiaduringthe1800s.
IndianmenandboyswereforcedtojointhearmyandservefortheBritish,
insteadoftheBritishusingtheirownpeopleformilitaryforceinSouthAsia.
Ultimately,theBritishcreatedapowerfulorganizedarmythatwouldplaymajor
rolesincontributingtoAlliedVictoriesinWWIandWWII.Evenafter
independencefromEngland,theIndianarmyremainsoneofthelargestorganized
armiesintheworld.
IV. ClosetheCurtainSouthAsiaPresentDay
A. Indiaisnowoneofthelargestcountriesintheworldandverypopulous.Itisa
parliamentaryrepublicandishometomanydifferentreligionsandcultures.Since
itborderstheIndianOceantotheSouth,itishometomanytradingportsand
supportsmajorTradingroutes.Sincegainingindependence,therehasbeenwars
andconflictbetweenIndiaandPakistaneventhoughtherehasbeenattemptsat
peacebetweenthetwocountries.