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Anterior Cruciate Ligament:

- Evaluation of ACL Injuries:


- Surgical Reconstruction:
- Bone Patellar Bone Reconstruction:
- Hamstring Reconstruction:
- Allograft Reconstruction:

- See:
- Anatomy of ACL
- Arthrofibrosis:
- Biomechanics of ACL:
- Bone Patellar Bone Reconstruction:
- Exam
- Isometric Graft Placement:
- Mechanism: ACL Tear:
- Natural History oF the ACL-Deficient Knee
- Non Bone Patellar Bone Reconstruction
- Partial ACL injury
- PCL
- Post Op Care of ACL Reconstructions:
- Surgical Treatment

- Management of Meniscal Tears w/ ACL Deficiency:

- Pediatric ACL Injuries:


- see intercondylar eminence frx;
- references:
- Osgood-Schlatter's disease complicating anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
- Arthroscopic treatment of anterior cruciate ligament avulsion.
- Transepiphysial fixation of anterior cruciate avulsion in a child. Report
of a complication and review of the literature.
- Tears of the anterior cruciate ligament in adolescents.

- Outside Links:
- Misc. Articles:

Arthroscopy--"no-problem surgery". An analysis of complications in two


thousand six hundred and forty cases.

Effects of joint load on the stiffness and laxity of ligament-deficient knees.


An in vitro study of the anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments.

Failure of anterior cruciate-ligament reconstruction using tendon xenograft.

Coactivation of the hamstrings and quadriceps during extension of the knee.

Combined reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament in competitive athletes.

The clinical relevance of instrumented testing for ACL insufficiency.


Experience with the UCLA clinical knee testing apparatus.

Acute anterior cruciate ligament repair.

Acute anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Analysis of complications.

Arthroscopy in acute traumatic hemarthrosis of the knee. Incidence of


anterior cruciate tears and other injuries.

The physiology of mechanoreceptors in the anterior cruciate ligament. An


experimental study in decerebrate-spinalised animals.

The strength of the anterior cruciate ligament in humans and Rhesus monkeys.

Instability of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments.


Arnoczky SP. Grewe SR. Paulos LE. Warner JJ. Warren RF. Cooper DE. Noyes FR. Wojtys EM.
Instructional Course Lectures. 40:199-270, 1991.

Quadriceps/anterior cruciate graft interaction. An in vitro study of joint


kinematics and anterior cruciate ligament graft tension.

Nine-year follow-up results of two methods of MacIntosh anterior cruciate


ligament reconstructions.

Suture of the torn anterior cruciate ligament. 5-year follow-up of 60


cases using an instrumental stability test.

The Measurement of Elongation of Anterior Cruciate-Ligament Grafts in Vivo.

Reconstruction of the anteiror cruciate ligament in patients who are at least forty years old. A long term
follow up and outcome study.
K.D. Plancher et al. JBJS. Vol 80-A. No 2. Feb 1988.