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AFTERBURNER (OR A REHEAT)

An afterburner (or a reheat) is a component present on some jet engines,


mostly those used on military supersonic aircraft. Its purpose is to provide an
increase in thrust, usually for supersonic flight, takeoff and for combat situations.
WORKING PRINCIPLE
1. The idea behind an afterburner is to inject fuel directly into the exhaust
stream and burn it using this remaining oxygen. This heats and expands the
exhaust gases further, and can increase the thrust of a jet engine by 50% or
more. Therefore most planes use afterburners sparingly.

2. Afterburning is achieved by injecting additional fuel into the jet pipe


downstream of (i.e. after) the turbine.

3. The advantage of afterburning is significantly increased thrust; the


disadvantage is its very high fuel consumption and inefficiency, though this is
often regarded as acceptable for the short periods during which it is usually
used.

4. Pilots can activate and deactivate afterburners in-flight, and jet engines are
referred to as operating wet when afterburning is being used and dry when
not. An engine producing maximum thrust wet is at maximum power, while
an engine producing maximum thrust dry is at military power.