...

© All Rights Reserved

19 visualizações

...

© All Rights Reserved

- Simplified Methods for Estimating Floor Response to Footfall
- ANSYS Tutorial Mode Superposition
- Rotary Kiln Main Motor And Torque Data
- 3rd Assignment Structral-Vibrataion
- Vibration Pedestrian
- Full Text 01
- sdarticle
- Lect 04 Note
- JRC Design of Floor091203
- nasa-cr-2015-218769
- ND_OUakad_2011
- C8.DIstributed Mass and Elasticity Compatibility Mode
- eurodyn_goicolea
- nass122
- 2007 - Sound Transmission Through Pipe Systems and Into Building Structures - Geertruida Susanne Bron-Van Der Jagt
- 616 (3)
- Correlating Minute Structural Faults With Changes in Modal Parameters
- Mathematics 7
- s6
- fem1lho

Você está na página 1de 2

Could you explain the difference

but I'm not sure

between time domain, frequency but let's start with

domain and modal space? what's the difference something simple

Could you explain the difference between time domain, frequency domain and modal space?

I hear it all the time but I'm not sure what's the difference.

There's a lot to explain but let's start with something simple.

This question gets asked often. There's a lot of different aspects response at the tip of the beam will contain the response of all

relating to this so let's start with a simple explanation without the modes of the system (shown in the black time response

using too much math and explain all of this with a simple plot); notice that there appears to be response at several

schematic. Let's use the figure to discuss all these different different frequencies. This time response at the tip of the beam

aspects of the time domain, frequency domain, modal space and can be converted to the frequency domain by performing a

physical space. Now there are a lot of parts to discuss in the Fourier Transform of the time signal. There is a significant

figure, so let's take them in pieces - one at a time - and then amount of math that goes along with this process but it is a

summarize everything at the end. You might also want to common transformation that we perform all the time. The

remember the discussion we had before when you asked me frequency domain representation of this converted time signal is

about what modal analysis was all about ("Could you explain often referred to as the frequency response function, or FRF for

modal analysis for me?") to help with the discussion here. short (shown in the black frequency plot); notice that there are

peaks in this plot which correspond to the natural frequencies of

PHYSICAL ANALYTICAL

the system.

MODEL TIME FREQUENCY MODEL

Before we discuss the time and frequency plots any further, let's

talk about the physical model in the upper left part of the figure.

We know that the cantilever beam will have many natural

MODAL frequencies of vibration. At each of these natural frequencies,

SPACE the structural deformation will take on a very definite pattern,

p1 f1

m1 called a mode shape, as described previously [1]. For this

k1 c1 beam, we see that there is a first bending mode shown in blue, a

MODE 1 + +

MODE 1 second bending mode shown in red and a third bending mode

+

p2 f2 shown in green. Of course, there are also other higher modes

m2

not shown and we will only discuss the first three modes here

k2 c2

but it could easily be extended to higher modes.

MODE 2 MODE 2

+ + p3

+ f3

m3 Now the physical beam could also be evaluated using an

k3 c3 analytical lumped mass model or finite element model (shown

MODE 3

MODE 3 in black) in the upper right part of the figure. This model will

generally be evaluated using some set of equations where there

is an interrelationship, or coupling, between the different points,

or degrees of freedom (dof), used to model the structure. This

First, let's consider a simple cantilever beam and imagine that means that if you pull on one of the dofs in the model, the other

the beam is excited by a pulse at the tip of the beam. The dofs are also affected and also move. This coupling means that

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Explain the difference between time domain, frequency domain, and modal space? Copyright 1998

SEM Experimental Techniques - April 1998 Page 1 Pete Avitabile

the equations are more complicated in order to determine how viewpoint. It's a lot like money - as I go from country to

the system behaves. As the number of equations used to country, the money in each country looks different but it's really

describe the system get larger and larger, the complication in the the same thing. So we can see that the total time response is

equations becomes more involved. We often use matrices to made up of the part of the time response due to the contribution

help organize all of the equations of motion describing how the of the time response of mode 1 shown in blue, mode 2 in red

system behaves which looks like and mode 3 in green. We can also see that the total FRF is

made up of the part of the FRF due to the contribution of the

[ M] {&&x} + [ C] { x& } + [ K] { x} = { F( t )} FRF of mode 1 shown in blue, mode 2 in red and mode 3 in

green. (We have only shown the magnitude part of the FRF

where [M], [C], [K] are the mass, damping and stiffness here; this function is actually complex which is correctly

matrices respectively, along with the corresponding displayed using both magnitude and phase or real and imaginary

acceleration, velocity and displacement and the force applied to parts of the FRF).

the system. Usually the mass is a diagonal matrix and the

damping and stiffness matrices are symmetric with off-diagonal Since we can break the analytical model up into a set of single

terms indicating the degree of coupling between the different dof systems, we could determine the FRF for each of the single

equations or dofs describing the system. The size of the dof systems as shown with mode 1 in blue, mode 2 in red, and

matrices is dependent on the number of equations that we use to mode 3 in green. We could also determine the time response

describe our system. Mathematically, we perform something for each of these single dof systems through a closed form

called an eigensolution and use the modal transformation solution for the response of a single dof system due to the pulse

equation to convert these coupled equations into a set of input or we could simply inverse Fourier Transform the FRF for

uncoupled single dof systems described by diagonal matrices of each of the single dof systems. We could also measure the

modal mass, modal damping and modal stiffness in a new response of the beam at the tip due to the pulse and filter the

coordinate system called modal space described as response of each of the modes of the system, and we would see

the response of each of the modes of the system with mode 1

shown in blue, mode 2 in red and mode 3 in green. (Of course,

\ \ \

&& + & + I'm simplifying a lot of theory here so we can understand the

{ } { } { p} = [ U] { F}

T

M p C p K

concepts.)

\ \ \

Now that we have pulled apart all the pieces of the figure, I

So we can see that the transformation from physical space to think it should be much clearer that there is really no difference

modal space using the modal transformation equation is a between the time domain, frequency domain, modal space and

process whereby we convert a complicated set of coupled physical space. Each domain is just a convenient way for

physical equations into a set of simple uncoupled single dof presenting or viewing data. However, sometimes one domain is

systems. And we see in the figure that the analytical model can much easier to see things than another domain. For instance,

be broken down into a set of single dof systems where the the total time response does not clearly identify how many

single dof describing mode 1 is shown in blue, mode 2 is shown modes there are contributing to the response of the beam. But

in red and mode 3 is shown in green. Modal space allows us to the total FRF in the frequency domain is much clearer in

describe the system easily using simple single dof systems. showing how many modes are activated and the frequency of

each of the modes. So often we transform from one domain to

Now let's go back to the time and frequency responses shown in another domain simply because the data is much easier to

black. We know that the total response can be obtained from interpret.

the contribution of each of the modes. The total response

shown in black comes from the summation of the effects of the While there is a lot more to it all, I hope this simple schematic

response of the model shown in blue for mode 1, red for mode 2 and explanation helps to put everything in better perspective.

and green for mode 3. This applies whether I describe the Think about it and if you have any more questions about modal

system in the time domain or the frequency domain. Each analysis, just ask me.

domain is equivalent and just presents the data from a different

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Explain the difference between time domain, frequency domain, and modal space? Copyright 1998

SEM Experimental Techniques - April 1998 Page 2 Pete Avitabile

- Simplified Methods for Estimating Floor Response to FootfallEnviado pordevgrp
- ANSYS Tutorial Mode SuperpositionEnviado porcosaefren
- Rotary Kiln Main Motor And Torque DataEnviado porMuhammad
- 3rd Assignment Structral-VibrataionEnviado porNaba Raj Shrestha
- Vibration PedestrianEnviado porSalehuddin Ramli
- Full Text 01Enviado porM Refaat Fath
- sdarticleEnviado porbursuc2
- Lect 04 NoteEnviado porLucbinhtim Le
- JRC Design of Floor091203Enviado porricardo_santos_280
- nasa-cr-2015-218769Enviado pormwd1323
- ND_OUakad_2011Enviado porHaasen Hill
- C8.DIstributed Mass and Elasticity Compatibility ModeEnviado porAfriyansyah Refi
- eurodyn_goicoleaEnviado porewa1988
- nass122Enviado porroylmech
- 2007 - Sound Transmission Through Pipe Systems and Into Building Structures - Geertruida Susanne Bron-Van Der JagtEnviado porToms Malaya
- 616 (3)Enviado porRavi Khandelwal
- Correlating Minute Structural Faults With Changes in Modal ParametersEnviado portylerdurdane
- Mathematics 7Enviado porkartickmanik
- s6Enviado porJoseph Johnston
- fem1lhoEnviado por080808n
- Forced Vibration and Output-Only Procedures for Estimating ModalEnviado porSravanthi Mehar
- OSDEnviado porEstebanRivera
- WCEE2012_2525-1.pdfEnviado porAravind Bhashyam
- A. Tusnim (2016)Enviado porjvasilva13
- a245957Enviado poralma.gagon8440
- 15 Deteminants & Matrices Part 4 of 6Enviado porMathematics
- DynamicsEnviado porarunachelam
- SSS12-10-4-5_411Enviado porAfham Ahmad
- 01.-OTS-Matrices-Determinants.pdfEnviado porMuhammad Din Jamali
- sss1Enviado porsyed Mohamed Nazeefuddin Fakhri

- Chapter 6Enviado porvekaveka
- Modal Space-back to BasisEnviado porEmina Balic
- modal testEnviado porHozifa Krar
- Applied Soil Mechanics With ABAQUS ApplicationsEnviado porSoumya Bhattacharyya
- stressEnviado porSathyamoorthy Venkatesh
- Lecture notes.pdfEnviado porBurhan Kanjeta
- CT4870 12 Inspection and Detection Systems 2004Enviado porEmina Balic
- IFEM.Ch13Enviado porEmina Balic
- Foundation Vibrations GazetasEnviado porEmina Balic
- limitations of winkler.pdfEnviado porSamitha Soysa
- GAEE2013-Soil-Properties-II_AP.pdfEnviado porNaveen BP
- Stiffness at Small Strain-research and PracticeEnviado porEmina Balic
- An Evaluation of Full Displacement PressuremeterEnviado porEmina Balic
- Pressuremeter TestingEnviado porEmina Balic
- Dynamic Probing and Its Use in Clay SoilsEnviado porwopshistos
- Numerical Modelling of Stone Columns in Soft Clay Under an EmbankmentEnviado porEmina Balic
- Ground Movements in Deep Excavation-BangkokEnviado porthanhtrung87
- Numerics in geotechnics 2010.pdfEnviado porRaúl Bernal Luna

- entry test quick solution maths shortcutsEnviado porfarhan
- HW9Enviado porPallavi Raiturkar
- benaichEnviado porhamidf
- Eigenvalues and EigenvectorsEnviado porvg_mrt
- 1.1Defination of Various Types of MatrixEnviado porShubham
- Matrix Decomposition and Its Application in Statistics NKEnviado porSean
- About EigenvaluesEnviado porBeezle Drogavich
- Class-XII_(Maths).pdfEnviado pordeepakagarwal114
- sym_ldlt_4.2.7_Enviado porarsene
- maths MCQEnviado porNeeti Sharma
- B.C.A.Enviado porM Srinivasan Mca MPhil
- Food technology.pdfEnviado porMahboob Hassan
- VELOCITY KINEMATICS – THE MANIPULATOREnviado porSanjay Kumar Singh
- math40-lect07Enviado porFrank Lucas Duarte Ozório
- Eigen ValuesEnviado porAnonymous OrhjVLXO5s
- 5numEnviado porSepliong
- IT SYLBUSEnviado porPasam Sravani
- mat210-LectureNotes-1Enviado porFranch Maverick Arellano Lorilla
- sorkine05Enviado porDania Cahuana
- Syllabus for EceEnviado porkranthi444
- [Stephen Boyd, Laurent El Ghaoui, Eric Feron, VenkEnviado pornamcozengin
- BVCvxbook Extra ExercisesEnviado porThe Dude
- matrixeqs_lyapunovEnviado pormari_eu
- Strain, Strain Rate, Stress-2Enviado porMarika Leitner
- JNTU Hyderabad B.tech ECE SyllabusEnviado porkrsrao74
- J. Bulthuis, J. Moller and H. J. Loesch- Brute Force Orientation of Asymmetric Top MoleculesEnviado porMddl2a
- ELE 535 NotesEnviado porjc4024
- Www.csd.Cs.cmu.Edu Education Bscs UgcoursesEnviado por1985 production
- Study Material for B.techEnviado porMyth Soumith
- Econometrics2006.pdfEnviado porAmz 1

## Muito mais do que documentos

Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras.

Cancele quando quiser.