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2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 1 SPI T2 2015

2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA
Section A [45 marks]
Answer ALL questions in this section.

1 1 1
(a) lim 1 . [3 marks]
h0 h
. Evaluate 1 h

(b) x 29
Function f is defined by f ( x )= |3x|
6, x=3
Determine whether f is continuous at x = 3.
{
, x 3
.
[4 marks]

2 (a) dy
Given that x2 y2 + 2xy + 4 = 0, find in terms of x and y. [3 marks]
. dx
(b) For the curve with equation x2 y2 + 2xy + 4 = 0, find the coordinates of each point
at which the tangent is parallel to the x-axis. [3 marks]
3 Find
.

(a) x 3 ln x dx [3 marks]

(b) x 3 ( ln x )2 dx [3 marks]

4
By means of substitution y = vx2, show that the differential equation
.
dy dv
x =2 y+ x2 ln x can be reduced to x =ln x .
dx dx
dy 2
Hence, obtain the general solution of the differential equation x =2 y+ x ln x ,
dx
Expressing y in terms of x. [7 marks]

5 d2 y dy
. Given y=e 1+ x , show that 4 (1+ x )
2
+2 = y .
dx dx
Hence, by using repeated differentiation, show that the expansion of y in ascending
power
1 1 3
( 4
of x up to the term in x4 is y=e 1+ x + x +k x + where k is to be
2 48 )
determined. [8 marks]

6 Show that the equation x3 + 2x2 2 = 0 has exactly one positive root. [3 marks]
.
This root is denoted by and is to be determined by using two different methods,
starting
with the same initial approximation in each case.

(a) Show that is a root of the equation x= ( x+22 ) ,

And use the iterative formula

correct to 2 significant figures.


x n+1=
( 2
x n +2 ) , with x = 1, find
[4 marks]
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 2 SPI T2 2015
(b) Use the Newton-Raphson method, with x1 = 1, to find correct 3
significant figures. [4 marks]
2015-2-NSembilan-StPaulInstitute_MATHS QA
Section B [15 marks]
Answer ONLY one question in this section.
3
7
(a)
.
Using substitution x = 2 sin, show that 4x 2 dx= 3 . [5 marks]
1

Using your results from (a), find the exact area of the region bounded by the curve
3
x2 + y2 = 4 and the curve y= , x> 0. [5 marks]
x
3
The finite region bounded by the curve y= , x> 0 , the y-axis, the lines y = 1
(c) x
and
y = 3 is rotated through 2 radians about y-axis. Find the volume of the
solid
generated, giving your answer in 2 decimal places. [5 marks]

2
8 2x
For the graph y=
. 2
x +1
State the equation of asymptotes. [1 mark]

Determine the extremum point and its nature. [3 marks]


(c) Determine the intervals on which the graph is concave upwards and
concave downwards. [4 marks]
2 x2
Hence, sketch the graph of y= 2 . [3 marks]
x +1

(d) Using the trapezium rule with 5 interval, obtain an approximation for the integral
3 2
x22 +1
x
dx correct to 3 decimal places. [4 marks]
1

MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE
Differentiation
d 1 Maclaurin series
(sin 1 x)
dx 1 x2 x2 xr
ex 1 x ... ...
d 1 2! r!
(cos 1 x) 2 3 r
dx 1 x2 x x r 1 x
ln(1 x) x ... (1) ..., 1 x 1
d 1 2 3 r
(tan 1 x)
dx 1 x2 x3 x5 x 2 r 1
sin x x ... (1) r ...
d 3! 5! (2r 1)!
[f(x ) g(x)] f '(x ) g(x) f(x ) g '(x)
dx x2 x4 r x
2r
cos x 1 ... ( 1) ...
d f(x) f '(x ) g(x ) f(x) g '(x ) 2! 4! (2r )!

dx g(x) [g(x)]2
Integration Numerical methods
f '(x) Newton-Raphson method
f(x) dx ln f(x) c
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 3 SPI T2 2015
dv du f(xn )
u dx dx uv v dx dx xn 1 xn
f '(xn )
, n 0, 1, 2, 3,...

Trapezium rule

b 1 ba
a
y dx
2
h[ y0 2( y1 y2 ... yn 1 ) yn ], h
n

2015-2-NSembilan-StPaulInstitute_MATHS QA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA BAHARU
SMK. ST. PAUL, SEREMBAN
2015
Marking Scheme
Section A [45 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.

1 (a 1 1
lim 1 . [3 marks]
. ) h0 h
Evaluate 1 h

{
2
(b x 9
, x 3
) Function fis defined by f ( x )= |3x| .
6, x=3 [4 marks]
Determine whether fis continuous at x = 3.
A (a
. ) lim
1
[ 1
h 0 h 1+h
1 =lim
h0 h ]
1 1 1+ h 1+ 1+h
1+h 1+ 1+h [ ][ ] 1

lim
h0
1
h [ 1( 1+ h )
1+h ( 1+ 1+ h ) ] 1

1 1

2 [3m]
(b f (x)= lim
( x +3) ( x3 )
) x 3

( 3 x ) x 3 ( x +3 )=6
= lim 1
x 3
lim

( x +3 ) ( x3 )
= lim
( 3 x ) x 3 ( x+3) =6
+

x 3+
f (x)=lim 1

+
x3
lim

x 3+ f ( x)
x 3 f ( x) lim not continuous. 1 1 [4m]

lim

2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 4 SPI T2 2015

2 (a dy
Given that x2 y2 + 2xy + 4 = 0, find in terms of x and
. ) dx [3 marks]
y.
(b For the curve with equation x2 y2 + 2xy + 4 = 0, find the coordinates of
) each point
at which the tangent is parallel to the x-axis. [3 marks]
A (a dy dy
2 x 2 y +2 x + 2 y =0 1 1
. ) dx dx
dy x + y
= 1 [3m]
dx y x
(b x+ y
// to x-axis, dy/dx = 0, =0 ; y = -x 1
) y x
x2 x2 2x2 + 4 = 0; x= 2 , x= 2 (Subs y = -x and find
1
x)
x= 2 , y = - 2 ; x= 2 , y= 2 ( ( 2 , 2 )( 2 , 2 ) 1
find y and express in coordinates [3m]

3 Find
.
(a
) x 3 ln x dx [3 marks]

(b
) x 3 ( ln x )2 dx [3 marks]

dv 3
u=ln x , =x
A (a dx
1
. ) du 1 x4
= , v=
dx x 4
4
x 1 1 1
x 3 ln x dx= 4
ln x x 3 dx= x 4 ln x x 4 +c
4 4 16
1 1 [3m]

(b dv 2 3
u= ( ln x ) ,
=x
) dx
1
du 2 x4
= ln x , v=
dx x 4
1 1
x 3 ( ln x )2 dx= 4 x 4 ( ln x )2 2 x 3 ln x dx 1

1 4 1 1
x ( ln x )2 x 4 ln x + x 4 +c 1 [3m]
4 8 32
4 By means of substitution y = vx2, show that the differential
. equation
dy dv
x =2 y+ x2 ln x can be reduced to x =ln x .
dx dx
Hence, obtain the general solution of the differential equation
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 5 SPI T2 2015
dy
x =2 y+ x2 ln x ,
dx
Expressing y in terms of x. [7 marks]
A dy dv 1
=2 vx+ x2
. dx dx
dv dy dv 1 1
(
x 2 vx + x 2
dx )
=2 v x 2+ x2 ln x 2 v+ x =2 v+ ln x
dx
x
dx
=ln x
1

1 1
dv = x ln x dx
1 2 1
v = [ ln x ] + c
2
y 1 2 1 2 1 1
= [ ln x ] +c y= x 2 [ ln x ] + c x 2
x 2
2
2 [7m]

5 d2 y dy
. Given y=e 1+ x , show that2
+2 = y . 4 (1+ x )
dx dx
Hence, by using repeated differentiation, show that the expansion of y in
ascending power
1 1 3 4
(
of x up to the term in x4 is y=e 1+ x + x +k x + where k is
2 48 )
[8 marks]
to be determined.
A
[ ]
1
dy 1 1
. =e 1+ x (1+ x ) 2
= e 1+ x 1
dx 2 2 1+ x
dy d2 y 1 dy 1
2 1+ x =e 1+ x 2 1+ x 2 + = e 1+ x 1
dx d x 1+ x dx 2 1+ x
2
d y dy d2 y dy
4 (1+ x) 2 + 2 =e 1+ x 4 (1+ x ) 2 + 2 = y 1
dx dx dx dx
3 2 2 3
d y d y d y dy d y d 2 y dy
4 (1+ x ) 3 + 4 2
+2 2
= 4 ( 1+ x ) 3
+ 6 2
= 1
dx dx d x dx dx d x dx
d4 y d3 y d 2 y
4 (1+ x ) 4
+10 3
= 2 1
dx d x dx
f(0)= e; f(0) = e; f (0) = 0; f (0) =1/8 e ; f (0) = -5/16 e 1
1 1 5 4 1 1
2 (
y=e 1+ x + x 3
48 384
x + ) substitute all value , k =
5
384 [8m]

6 Show that the equation x3 + 2x2 2 = 0 has exactly one positive root. This
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 6 SPI T2 2015
. root is denoted
by and is to be determined by using two different methods, starting with
the same initial
approximation in each case. [3 marks]

(a) Show that is a root of the equation x= ( x+22 ) ,

And use the iterative formula x n+1=


( x 2+2 )
n
, with x = 1, find
[4 marks]
correct to 2 significant figures.
(b) Use the Newton-Raphson method, with x1 = 1, to find
correct 3 significant figures. [4 marks]
A Sketch y = x3 and y = 2 2x2 in the same graph
1
.
From the graphs, two curves intersect at exactly one point
1 1 [3m]
for x >0, 1 positive root.
(a)
x2 (x + 2) =2 x 2=
root,
2
x +2
x=
2
x +2
since is positive
1

since is positive root, is the root of x=


2

x +2
1
1
x1 = 1, x2 =
2
3
=0.816 0.82(2 sig . fig)
x 3=0.843 0.84, x 4 =0.839 0.84 ; = 0.84 1
[4m]
(b) Let f(x) = x3 + 2x2 -2
1
f (x) = 3x2 + 4x
f ( xn)
x n+1=x n '
f ( xn )
x n3 +2 x n2 2 1
x n
3 x n2 + 4 x n
x1 = 1, x2 = 0.8571 0.857, x3 = 0.8395, x4 = 0.8393, x5 = 1
0.8393, = 0.839. 1
[4m]

Section B [15 marks]


Answer any one question in this section.
3
7
(a)
.
Using substitution x = 2 sin, show that 4x 2 dx= 3 . [5 marks]
1
(b) Using your results from (a), find the exact area of the region bounded by
the curve
x2 + y2 = 4 and the curve y= , x> 0.
3
[5 marks]
x
The finite region bounded by the curve y= , x> 0 , the y-axis, the lines
3
(c) x
y = 1 and
y = 3 is rotated through 2 radians about y-axis. Find the volume
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 7 SPI T2 2015
of the solid
generated, giving your answer in 2 decimal places. [5 marks]

A dx
(a) =2 cos ; x=1,= ; x= 3 ,= 1
. d 6 3

3 3

4x 2 dx= ( 44 sin2 ) 2 cosd 1


1
6

3
4 cos 2 d

6

3
2 (cos 2 +1) d 1

6

3
[ sin2 +2 ]
6
2 2
(
sin
3
+
3
sin +
3 3)( ) 1
1

3 [5m]
(b) Solving both equations, x=1 , x= 3 since x > 0 1
3 3
4x 2 dx dx
3
Area 1 1
1 1 x
3
[ 3 ln x ]1 1
3
1
3 ln 3@ ln 3
3
3 3 2 [5m]
(c) 3
Volume of the solid generated = y32 dy 1 1
1
3
3

y 1 [ ] 1


3
3
+3
( ) 1
= 3.98 units2 1
[5m]

2
8 2x
For the graph y= 2
. x +1
(a) State the equation of asymptotes.
[1 mark]
(b) Determine the extremum point and its nature.
[3 marks]
2015-2-NSembilan-SMK St Paul_MATHS QA 8 SPI T2 2015
(c) Determine the intervals on which the graph is concave
upwards and concave downwards. [4 marks]
2
2x
Hence, sketch the graph of y= 2 . [3 marks]
x +1
(d) Using the trapezium rule with 5 interval, obtain an approximation for the
integral
3 2
x22 +1
x
dx correct to 3 decimal places. [4 marks]
1
A Equation of asymptote y = 2 1
. [1m]
dy 4x
=
dx ( x 2 +1 )2
4x
2 2
=0 ; x=0 estremum point (0, 0) 1 1
( x +1 )
Determine nature, second derivatives or table, and state (0, 1
0) is a minimum point [3m]
2
d 2 y 4 ( 13 x )
Find = 1
dx 2 3
( x 2+1 )
1 1
Concave upwards: 1-3x2> 0 ; < x< 1
3 3
1 1
Concave downwards: 1-3x2< 0; x< x > 1
3 3
1 1
Concave upwards ,
3 3
; ( ) 1
1 1 [4m]
concave downwards ,
y 3

3
, ( ) ( )
Shape 1
y=2
(0, 0) and asymptotes 1
All correct 1
[3m]
x
d= (3 1) 5 = 0.4 1

x 1 1.4 1.8 2.2 2.6 3.0


1.324 1.528 1.657 1.742 1
2x2 /(x2 + 1) 1 1.8
3 3 5 3
3
2 x2
x2 +1 dx 12 0.4 [1+1.8+ 2 ( 1.3243+1.5283+1.6575+1.7423 ) ] 1
1
= 3.061 1
[4m]