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Module 06. Materials & Hardware Option A. greater brittleness.


Option B. greater hardness.
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Option C. relief of internal stress after


01a. Aircraft Materials - Ferrous. hardening.
Correct Answer is. relief of internal stress
after hardening.
Question Number. 1. When drilling Explanation. Tempering is done to relieve
stainless steel, use a. internal stresses.
Option A. drill ground to 120 , slow cutting
speed.
Option B. drill ground to 90 , fast cutting Question Number. 5. The addition of
speed. chromium to steel will produce.
Option C. drill ground to 90 , slow cutting Option A. toughness.
speed. Option B. hardness.
Correct Answer is. drill ground to 120 , slow Option C. ductility.
cutting speed. Correct Answer is. hardness.
Explanation. NIL. Explanation. Chromium is alloyed with steel to
make it harder.

Question Number. 2. How is a material


galvanised?. Question Number. 6. Chromium added
Option A. Sprayed with nickel solution. to plain carbon steel.
Option B. Packed in a drum containing zinc Option A. increases it's resistance to
dust and heated. corrosion.
Option C. Dipped in a bath of molten zinc. Option B. turns it into a non-ferrous alloy.
Correct Answer is. Dipped in a bath of molten Option C. makes the metal softer.
zinc. Correct Answer is. increases it's resistance to
Explanation. NIL. corrosion.
Explanation. Chromium, when added to steel
increases its hardness and corrosion resistance
Question Number. 3. What temperature (hence CRS).
would steel be tempered at?.
Option A. At the annealing temperature.
Option B. Above the annealing temperature. Question Number. 7. The purpose of
case hardening is to.
Option C. Below the annealing temperature. Option A. produce a hard case over a tough
core.
Correct Answer is. Below the annealing Option B. reduce the carbon in the steel.
temperature. Option C. introduce carbon into the steel.
Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. produce a hard case over a
tough core.
Explanation. Case hardening hardens the
Question Number. 4. Tempering steel surface only.
Page

gives.

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Question Number. 12. With respect to


Question Number. 8. At normal ferrous metals which of the following is true?.
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temperatures HC steel is harder because.


Option A. Iron is not any element of ferrous
Option A. it has more austenite. metals.
Option B. of the % of carbon in the granules. Option B. Iron is a main element and most
ferrous metal are magnetic.
Option C. it has less austenite. Option C. Iron is a main element and ferrous
Correct Answer is. of the % of carbon in the metals are not magnetic.
granules. Correct Answer is. Iron is a main element and
Explanation. NIL. most ferrous metal are magnetic.
Explanation. The Latin for iron is 'Ferrum'
Ferrous metals are named thus, and most are
Question Number. 9. Nitriding is. paramagnetic with the exception of some stainless
steels.
Option A. tempering.
Option B. anodising.
Option C. case hardening. Question Number. 13. The annealing
Correct Answer is. case hardening. process on steel is required sometimes as it.
Explanation. Nitriding is a form of case
hardening. Option A. provides a corrosion resistant layer
that prevents oxidation.
Option B. allows the material a greater stress
Question Number. 10. Medium carbon per unit area.
steels have a carbon content of. Option C. relieves internal stress suffered
Option A. 0.3 - 0.5 %. after engineering processes.
Option B. 0.5 - 0.8 %. Correct Answer is. relieves internal stress
Option C. 0.8 - 1.05 %. suffered after engineering processes.
Correct Answer is. 0.3 - 0.5 %. Explanation. Annealing is to relieve internal
Explanation. Medium carbon steel is 0.3 - 0.6% stresses.
(approx). FAA AC43 4-1.

Question Number. 14. Cobalt steel tested


Question Number. 11. A ferrous metal on the Brinell test would have a BHN number
contains. between.
Option A. aluminium. Option A. 100 to 175.
Option B. iron. Option B. 300 to 400.
Option C. magnesium. Option C. 600 to 700.
Correct Answer is. iron. Correct Answer is. 600 to 700.
Explanation. Ferrous' is from the Latin for iron. Explanation. Cobalt steel (used in cobalt drills)
has a very high hardness (600-700 BHN or 60-65
Rockwell C). BL/10-3.
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Question Number. 15. If a material is Option A. heating under the UCP and slow
found to be in the tertiary phase of creep the cooling.
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following procedure should be implemented:. Option B. heating over the UCP and fast
cooling.
Option A. The component should under go Option C. heating over the UCP and slow
dye penetrant process and condition monitored. cooling.
Correct Answer is. heating under the UCP and
Option B. The crack should be stop drill, slow cooling.
condition monitoring should be applied. Explanation. To temper steel, heat to BELOW
Option C. The component should be the Lower Critical Temperature (LCT) and cool
replaced immediately. either slowly or quench in water.
Correct Answer is. The component should be
replaced immediately.
Explanation. The tertiary phase of creep occurs Question Number. 19. Austenitic
just before complete failure of the component. stainless steels are.
BL/10-3 3.11.3. Option A. magnetic.
Option B. non-magnetic.
Option C. hardened by heat treatment.
Question Number. 16. What is used for Correct Answer is. non-magnetic.
marking out steels?. Explanation. Austenitic stainless steel is non-
Option A. Engineers blue. magnetic.
Option B. Wax crayon.
Option C. Copper sulphate.
Correct Answer is. Copper sulphate. Question Number. 20. The formation of
Explanation. Copper sulphate is used for steel depends upon.
marking steel. Workshop Technology Part 1 Pg Option A. the formation of pearlite into
209. austenite.
Option B. the formation of austenite into
pearlite.
Question Number. 17. Phosphating of Option C. the presence of pearlite in the
steels is carried out by immersing the steel in to a structure.
solution of. Correct Answer is. the formation of austenite
Option A. phosphoric acid and metal into pearlite.
phosphates. Explanation. Austenite exists above the LCT and
Option B. nitric acid and sulphur. turns into pearlite as the steel cools.
Option C. metal phosphates and sulphuric
acid.
Correct Answer is. phosphoric acid and metal Question Number. 21. How is residual
phosphates. magnetism removed after an NDT examination?.
Explanation. CAIPs BL/7-4 1.1.
Option A. EMI.
Option B. EMC.
Question Number. 18. Tempering entails. Option C. Degaussing.
Page

Correct Answer is. Degaussing.

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Explanation. Degaussing is another name for


demagnetising. Question Number. 25. When normalising,
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the material is.


Option A. quenched immediately.
Question Number. 22. The hardness of Option B. left to cool in room temperature.
steel depends upon.
Option A. formation of pearlite into Option C. cooled slowly.
austenite. Correct Answer is. left to cool in room
Option B. formation of cementite. temperature.
Option C. the iron austenite grain structure. Explanation. Cool in air when normalising.

Correct Answer is. formation of cementite.


Explanation. Cementite (iron carbide) is the
hard grain structure that precipitates from the Question Number. 26. Cast iron is.
austenite as high carbon steel cools from above
the UCT. Option A. very malleable.
Option B. tough.
Option C. heavy and brittle.
Question Number. 23. The difference Correct Answer is. heavy and brittle.
between annealing and normalizing is. Explanation. NIL.
Option A. both are heated above the UCT,
cool slowly to anneal, cool in air to normalize.
Option B. both are heated below the UCT, Question Number. 27. Case hardening
cool in air to anneal, cool slowly to normalize. can be carried out on.
Option C. both are heated above the UCT, Option A. titanium.
cool in air to anneal, cool slowly to normalize. Option B. any ferrous metal.
Correct Answer is. both are heated above the Option C. duralumin.
UCT, cool slowly to anneal, cool in air to normalize. Correct Answer is. any ferrous metal.
Explanation. NIL.
Explanation. Both are heated above the UCT,
but the only difference is, cool slowly (in the
furnace) to anneal, cool in air to normalize. Question Number. 28. Exhaust systems
are usually made from stainless steel which is
susceptible to.
Question Number. 24. Normalizing of Option A. surface corrosion.
steel is done to. Option B. filiform corrosion.
Option A. remove residual stress of the Option C. intergranular corrosion.
manufacturing process. Correct Answer is. intergranular corrosion.
Option B. make steel softer. Explanation. NIL.
Option C. restore the fatigue life of steel.
Correct Answer is. remove residual stress of
the manufacturing process. Question Number. 29. When metal is first
Explanation. NIL. heated slightly above its critical temperature and
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then cooled rapidly it is common that the metal Question Number. 33. After a product
will increase in. has been manufactured and all heat treatment has
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Option A. brittleness. been carried out the stress remaining if any is


Option B. both of the above. termed as.
Option C. hardness. Option A. residual stress.
Correct Answer is. both of the above. Option B. working stress.
Explanation. This is the process of hardening Option C. applied stress.
(ferrous) metals. Correct Answer is. residual stress.
Explanation. NIL.
http://www.physiqueindustrie.com/residu
Question Number. 30. Steel is tempered. al_stress.php

Option A. after hardening.


Option B. before hardening. Question Number. 34. Annealing steels.
Option C. to increase hardening.
Correct Answer is. after hardening. Option A. toughens the metal.
Explanation. Tempering is to reduce the Option B. makes the metal malleable.
brittleness caused by hardening. Option C. makes the metal brittle.
Correct Answer is. makes the metal
malleable.
Question Number. 31. If a steel Explanation. A&P Technician General Textbook
component is operated below the fatigue limit. Chap 7 page 3.
The fatigue life is.
Option A. finite.
Option B. infinite. Question Number. 35. Tempering of
Option C. depend on its proof stress. hardened steel is carried out to.
Correct Answer is. infinite. Option A. retain surface hardness, but soften
Explanation. NIL. the core.
http://metals.about.com/library/bldef- Option B. retain core hardness, but soften
Fatigue-Limit.htm the surface.
Option C. significantly reduce the brittleness
without suffering a major drop in its strength.
Question Number. 32. A low carbon steel Correct Answer is. significantly reduce the
would normally be case hardened using. brittleness without suffering a major drop in its
strength.
Option A. the nitriding process. Explanation. NIL.
Option B. flame or induction hardening.
Option C. pack or gas carburising.
Correct Answer is. pack or gas carburising. Question Number. 36. High speed steel
Explanation. NIL. relies heavily on the following metallic element for
http://www.efunda.com/processes/heat_t its ability to cut other metals, even when it is
reat/hardening/diffusion.cfm heated to a dull red colour.
Option A. Tungsten.
Page

Option B. Nickel.

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Option C. Vanadium.
Correct Answer is. Tungsten. Question Number. 41. Cast iron is.
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Explanation. NIL.
Option A. tough.
Option B. heavy and brittle.
Question Number. 37. When a low Option C. very malleable.
carbon steel bolt is stretched beyond its elastic Correct Answer is. heavy and brittle.
limit without breaking, it will. Explanation. NIL.
Option A. deform temporarily.
Option B. become more ductile.
Option C. deform permanently. Question Number. 42. Austenitic steel is
Correct Answer is. deform permanently. produced when the material is heated to.
Explanation. NIL.
Option A. above the Upper Critical Point.
Option B. above the Lower Critical Point.
Question Number. 38. 1% Nickel, 1% Option C. below the Upper Critical Point.
Carbon, steel is widely used for. Correct Answer is. above the Upper Critical
Option A. exhaust valves. Point.
Option B. ball and roller bearings. Explanation. NIL.
Option C. high tensile steel bolts.
Correct Answer is. ball and roller bearings.
Explanation. NIL. Question Number. 43. Steel is produced
by refining pig iron where air/oxygen is blown
through the molten material to remove.
Question Number. 39. Fatigue failure Option A. carbon.
may be defined as. Option B. oxides.
Option A. failure caused by stress in excess Option C. sulphur.
of the material U.T.S. Correct Answer is. carbon.
Option B. failure due to impact. Explanation. Air is to 'decarburise' the pig iron.
Option C. reduction in strength due to http://www.bsu.edu/web/acmaassel/steel
alternating loads. .html
Correct Answer is. reduction in strength due
to alternating loads.
Explanation. NIL. Question Number. 44. During a Rockwell
Hardness test, what dimension is measured?.

Question Number. 40. Normalising steels. Option A. The diameter of the indent.
Option B. The depth of the indent.
Option A. increases toughness. Option C. The diameter and depth of the
Option B. increases the hardness. indent.
Option C. relieves the stresses. Correct Answer is. The depth of the indent.
Correct Answer is. relieves the stresses.
Explanation. NIL.
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Explanation. NIL. Option A. the material is pulled to limit of


http://www.qcplus.co.uk/training/training elasticity.
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-rockwell.htm Option B. the material is pulled to until it


breaks.
Option C. the material is pulled until it
Question Number. 45. What does the 0 in reaches its UTS.
2024-T3 mean?. Correct Answer is. the material is pulled to
Option A. The percentage of impurities in the until it breaks.
alloy. Explanation. The material is tested to full
Option B. The alloy has not been modified. destructions.

Option C. The alloy has been modified.


Correct Answer is. The alloy has not been Question Number. 2. Impact resistance
modified. measures the.
Explanation. NIL. Option A. material toughness.
http://www.jjjtrain.com/vms/engineering_ Option B. material hardness.
metal_stds.html#6 Option C. material ductility.
Correct Answer is. material toughness.
Explanation. Toughness' is resistance to impact.
Question Number. 46. In most aircraft
hydraulic systems, two-piece tube connectors
consisting of a sleeve and a nut are used when a
tubing flare is required. The use of this type of Question Number. 3. Specified time of
connector eliminates. contact between the indentor and test piece in a
Option A. the flaring operation prior to vickers or brinell hardness test is.
assembly. Option A. 20 seconds.
Option B. the possibility of reducing the flare Option B. 10 seconds.
thickness by wiping or ironing during the Option C. 15 seconds.
tightening process. Correct Answer is. 15 seconds.
Option C. wrench damage to the tubing Explanation. CAIPs BL/10-3 5.2.8.
during the tightening process.
Correct Answer is. the possibility of reducing
the flare thickness by wiping or ironing during the Question Number. 4. In an Izod impact
tightening process. test the striking energy of the striker is
Explanation. With the two-piece fitting (AN818) approximately.
there is no relative motion between the fitting and Option A. 150 J.
the flare when the nut is being tightened. Option B. 163 J.
Option C. 300 J.
01b. Aircraft Materials - Ferrous. Correct Answer is. 163 J.
Explanation. CAIPs BL/10-3 6.2.

Question Number. 1. In the tensile


strength test. Question Number. 5. The Charpy test
Page

measures.

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Option A. strain. Option C. Fatigue Testing.


Option B. impact energy. Correct Answer is. Impact Resistance Test.
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Option C. Young's modulus. Explanation. NIL. http://www-


Correct Answer is. impact energy. materials.eng.cam.ac.uk/mpsite/properties/non-
Explanation. NIL. IE/toughness.html

Question Number. 6. The 'Fatigue limit' Question Number. 10. Which of the
for steel is generally in the region of, compared to folllowing are all hardness testing machines?.
the static U.T.S.
Option A. 40%-60%. Option A. Rockwell, Brinell and Izod.
Option B. 60%-80%. Option B. Rockwell, Vickers and Izod.
Option C. 20%-40%. Option C. Rockwell, Brinell and Vickers.
Correct Answer is. 20%-40%. Correct Answer is. Rockwell, Brinell and
Explanation. NIL. http://www.key-to- Vickers.
steel.com/Articles/Art137.htm Explanation. Standard Aviation Maintenance
Handbook Page 4-11.

Question Number. 7. The ability of mild 02a. Aircraft Materials - Non-Ferrous.


steel to accept more load after the yield point is
reached is due to.
Option A. necking. Question Number. 1. The most suitable
Option B. strain hardening. mixture for a salt bath operation is.
Option C. plasticisation. Option A. 20% nitrate of soda and 80%
Correct Answer is. strain hardening. sodium nitrate.
Explanation. NIL. Option B. 90% nitrate of soda and 10%
sodium nitrate.
Option C. 70% sodium chlorate and 30%
Question Number. 8. What is a Rockwell sodium nitrate.
tester used for?. Correct Answer is. 90% nitrate of soda and
Option A. Hardness Testing. 10% sodium nitrate.
Option B. Tensile Testing. Explanation. BL/9-1 12.
Option C. Fatigue Testing.
Correct Answer is. Hardness Testing.
Explanation. NIL. Question Number. 2. How many times
http://www.qcplus.co.uk/training/training can clad alloy be heat treated?.
-rockwell.htm Option A. Once only.
Option B. 3 times.
Option C. as many times as required.
Question Number. 9. What type of test Correct Answer is. 3 times.
involves using a weighted pendulum to strike a Explanation. NIL.
material until fracture?.
Option A. Hardness Test.
Page

Option B. Impact Resistance Test.

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Question Number. 3. The symbol 'W' on Option C. oxidise and become stronger.
a material indicates. Correct Answer is. oxidise and become
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Option A. it is for use on aircraft mainplanes electrically insulated.


only. Explanation. Oxides of all metals are insulators.
Option B. it has been solution treated and
will respond effectively to precipitation treatment.

Option C. it is for workshop use only. Question Number. 7. What care should
Correct Answer is. it has been solution you take with 2024-T3?.
treated and will respond effectively to Option A. Do not scratch or make nicks in it.
precipitation treatment.
Explanation. NIL. Option B. Do not bend at sharp angles.
Option C. Do not remove the surface of the
sheet metal.
Question Number. 4. For a particular Correct Answer is. Do not scratch or make
metal material, what conditions are best to nicks in it.
minimise creep?. Explanation. 2024-T3 has a low fatigue
Option A. Low stress, low temperature. resistance.
Option B. Low stress, high temperature.
Option C. High stress, low temperature.
Correct Answer is. Low stress, low Question Number. 8. Composition of
temperature. silver solder is.
Explanation. NIL. Option A. tin and lead.
Option B. tin, lead and silver.
Option C. tin, lead, silver and antimony.
Question Number. 5. What is the effect Correct Answer is. tin, lead, silver and
of precipitation heat treatment on aluminium?. antimony.
Explanation. BL/6-1 Table 3.
Option A. It speeds up age hardening
process.
Option B. It delays the age hardening Question Number. 9. If aluminium alloy
process. is not quenched within the minimum time allowed
Option C. It softens the material to allow it after heat treatment is it will be.
to be worked. Option A. subject to corrosion.
Correct Answer is. It speeds up age hardening Option B. malleable.
process. Option C. brittle.
Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. brittle.
Explanation. If al. alloy is not quenched, the
copper precipitates and it remains hard and brittle.
Question Number. 6. Aluminium
exposed to air will.
Option A. oxidise and become weaker.
Option B. oxidise and become electrically
Page

insulated.

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Question Number. 10. Anodizing protects


alloy metal from corrosion and does what else?. Question Number. 14. Precipitation
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treating makes the metal.


Option A. Seals the surface from moisture. Option A. Precipitation treating makes the
metal.
Option B. Makes a good surface for paint to Option B. less strong and hard.
adhere to. Option C. harder, stronger and less ductile.
Option C. Makes the surface alkaline.
Correct Answer is. Makes a good surface for Correct Answer is. harder, stronger and less
paint to adhere to. ductile.
Explanation. NIL. Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 11. If caustic soda Question Number. 15. A material has the
turns a material black what is it?. code 2024-TH6 on it. Which part of the code
Option A. Aluminium alloy. indicates the percentage of the alloying element?.
Option B. Alclad.
Option C. Aluminium. Option A. H.
Correct Answer is. Aluminium alloy. Option B. 20.
Explanation. Caustic soda turns al.alloy black, Option C. 6.
and pure aluminium white. Correct Answer is. 20.
Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 12. What chemical is


used to identify aluminium alloys?. Question Number. 16. Aluminium alloyed
Option A. Caustic soda. primarily with magnesium is numbered.
Option B. Copper sulphate. Option A. 2025.
Option C. Nitric acid. Option B. 5025.
Correct Answer is. Caustic soda. Option C. 1025.
Explanation. Caustic soda turns al.alloy black, Correct Answer is. 5025.
and pure aluminium white. Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 13. Pure aluminium is. Question Number. 17. Heat treatment is
shown on a British aluminium alloy by a.
Option A. highly resistant to corrosion.
Option B. not resistant to corrosion. Option A. letter and number code.
Option C. reasonably resistant to corrosion. Option B. number code.
Option C. letter code
Correct Answer is. highly resistant to Correct Answer is. letter code
corrosion. Explanation. BL/9-1 16.2.
Explanation. Pure aluminium is highly resistant
to corrosion.
Page

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Question Number. 18. Non heat treatable Option C. a series of numbers.


materials. Correct Answer is. a series of letters.
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Option A. cannot be hardened. Explanation. CAIP BL/9-1.


Option B. can be hardened by strain
hardening or cold working.
Option C. can be hardened by annealing. Question Number. 22. In a sheet metal
Correct Answer is. can be hardened by strain store the following is marked on a sheet of
hardening or cold working. aluminium alloy: L162 (sheet 1). , On a different
Explanation. All materials but a few (eg lead) sheet the following marking is found: L172 (sheet
can be hardened by cold working. 2). The following is true:
Option A. Sheet one has a shinier surface
than sheet 2.
Question Number. 19. Which of the Option B. Sheet one is more ductile than
following metals is an aluminium silicon alloy used sheet 2.
mainly for casting?. Option C. Sheet two is of a thicker gauge
Option A. Alclad. than sheet 1.
Option B. Aldrey. Correct Answer is. Sheet one is more ductile
Option C. Alpax. than sheet 2.
Correct Answer is. Alpax. Explanation. The L numbers are the British al.
Explanation. Trade name for material used alloy specs.
mainly for castings. Low density and corrosion
resistance. 87 % Aluminium 13 % Silicon.
http://www.glue-it.com/model- Question Number. 23. Cold working of a
engineering/general- material is used to reduce.
information/glossary/a_summ.htm Option A. material hardness.
Option B. fatigue.
Option C. wear of manufacturing tools.
Question Number. 20. Aircraft skin is Correct Answer is. wear of manufacturing
joggled to. tools.
Option A. provide smooth airflow at faying Explanation. Cold working increases strength
surfaces. and hardness (therefore reduces wear).
Option B. make a frame lighter but stronger.

Option C. conform to the aircraft contour. Question Number. 24. Sheet metal
Correct Answer is. provide smooth airflow at should be stored.
faying surfaces. Option A. above 25 degrees centigrade.
Explanation. A joggle makes a flush surface at a Option B. on its edge in racks to prevent
join. scratching.
Option C. stacked flat to prevent bending of
sheets.
Question Number. 21. The British system Correct Answer is. on its edge in racks to
of heat treatment codes is. prevent scratching.
Option A. a series of letters. Explanation. CAAIPs Leaflet 1-8.
Page

Option B. numbers and letters.

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Correct Answer is. Corrosion resistant and


Question Number. 25. Clad aluminium low expansion coefficient.
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alloy (alclad) has a pure aluminium coating of. Explanation. Nickel and chromium are the
alloying elements in Stainless Steel.
Option A. 0.002.
Option B. 1% of alloy thickness.
Option C. 5% of alloy thickness. Question Number. 29. Titanium alloys.
Correct Answer is. 5% of alloy thickness.
Explanation. The cladding is 5% each side. Option A. are cheap to manufacture.
Option B. have a high strength to weight
ratio.
Option C. are corrosion resistant but heavy.

Question Number. 26. The main metal in Correct Answer is. have a high strength to
monel is. weight ratio.
Option A. aluminium. Explanation. NIL.
Option B. nickel.
Option C. stainless steel.
Correct Answer is. nickel. Question Number. 30. Which part of the
Explanation. Monel is a nickel alloy. 2017-T36 aluminium alloy designation indicates
the primary alloying agent used in its
manufacture?.
Question Number. 27. A tube complying Option A. 20.
to BS T51 is. Option B. 2.
Option A. tungum. Option C. 17.
Option B. HTS tube. Correct Answer is. 2.
Option C. high pressure seamless copper Explanation. NIL.
tube.
Correct Answer is. high pressure seamless
copper tube. Question Number. 31. Clad aluminium
Explanation. BL/6-15 3.2.1 or download alloys are used in aircraft because they.
External document... page 28. Option A. are harder wearing than unclad
http://www.dstan.mod.uk/data/05/069/0 aluminium alloys.
0000300.pdf Option B. are less subject to corrosion than
uncoated aluminium alloys.
Option C. are stronger than unclad
Question Number. 28. Why is nickel aluminium alloys.
chromium used in many exhaust systems?. Correct Answer is. are less subject to
corrosion than uncoated aluminium alloys.
Option A. Corrosion resistant and high heat Explanation. NIL.
conductivity.
Option B. Lightweight and flexible.
Option C. Corrosion resistant and low Question Number. 32. Non heat treatable
Page

expansion coefficient. aluminium alloys.

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Option A. can be hardened by strain Question Number. 36. When buffing


hardening. surface of Aluminium Alloy, what material are you
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Option B. cannot be softened. removing?.


Option C. cannot be hardened. Option A. Oxide layer.
Correct Answer is. can be hardened by strain Option B. Aluminium.
hardening. Option C. Alloy.
Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. Oxide layer.
Explanation. Polishing al.alloy, pure al. or
Alclad, you would be removing the oxide layer.
Question Number. 33. Solution treatment
after manufacturers have performed it once can
be carried out a further. Question Number. 37. Why is clad alloy
Option A. 1 time. preferred to pure Aluminium?.
Option B. 2 times. Option A. Less brittle.
Option C. 3 times. Option B. More ductile.
Correct Answer is. 2 times. Option C. Tougher.
Explanation. Solution treatment to Alclad can Correct Answer is. Tougher.
be carried out only 3 times in total. CAIPs BL/9-1. Explanation. The important factor is that clad
Rivets can be re-heat treated 3 times (so 4 times in aluminium alloy is 90% aluminium alloy. The fact
total) BL/6-27 6.3. that it is clad is irrelevant.

Question Number. 34. Following solution Question Number. 38. Why are
treatment aluminium alloy can be placed into aluminium alloys used on aircraft, instead of pure
service. aluminium?.
Option A. after 5 days. Option A. Stronger.
Option B. straight away. Option B. Corrosion resistant.
Option C. after 24 hours. Option C. Lighter.
Correct Answer is. after 5 days. Correct Answer is. Stronger.
Explanation. Full hardness is achieved after 4-5 Explanation. NIL.
days. CAIPs BL/9-1 Para 7.

Question Number. 39. The magnesium


Question Number. 35. The time between alloys used in aircraft can be recognized by.
removal from heat treatment furnace and
quenching must be not more than. Option A. shiny surface due to chromium
Option A. 3 seconds. plated on the surface.
Option B. 10 seconds. Option B. yellowish surface due to protective
Option C. 7 seconds. treatment.
Correct Answer is. 10 seconds. Option C. silver surface due to protective
Explanation. Jeppesen A&P Technician Airframe coating.
Textbook Page 2-9. Correct Answer is. yellowish surface due to
protective treatment.
Page

Explanation. NIL.

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Explanation. NIL.
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Question Number. 40. Age hardening of


aluminium is. Question Number. 44. Titanium can be
Option A. never carried out. identified by placing it on a grinding wheel and
Option B. a gradual hardening over a period looking for.
of time. Option A. Red Sparks.
Option C. not necessary. Option B. Yellow Sparks.
Correct Answer is. never carried out. Option C. White Sparks.
Explanation. Aluminium will not age harden like Correct Answer is. White Sparks.
aluminium alloys such as dural as there ars no Explanation. NIL.
alloying elements such as copper that will come
out of solution over time.
Question Number. 45. The critical
process of heat treatment is.
Question Number. 41. Alclad is. Option A. temperature, method of heating
and cooling.
Option A. aluminium with duralumin Option B. temperature and method of
cladding. heating only.
Option B. duralumin with aluminium coating. Option C. method of heating only.
Correct Answer is. temperature, method of
Option C. duralumin with magnesium heating and cooling.
cladding. Explanation. NIL.
Correct Answer is. duralumin with aluminium
coating.
Explanation. NIL. Question Number. 46. Re-treatment of
aluminium alloys can be performed by.
Option A. alocrom treatment.
Question Number. 42. The oxide film on Option B. brushing on phosphate treatment
the surface of aluminium is. followed by paint.
Option A. hard and porous. Option C. selenious acid treatment.
Option B. porous. Correct Answer is. alocrom treatment.
Option C. non porous. Explanation. NIL.
Correct Answer is. non porous.
Explanation. NIL.
Question Number. 47. What is generally
true for titanium alloy?.
Question Number. 43. The process of Option A. It is stronger than the aluminium.
forming a pure layer of aluminium over an
aluminium alloy is. Option B. It is stronger than the steel.
Option A. metalizing. Option C. It has lower density than
Option B. cladding. magnesium.
Option C. electroplating. Correct Answer is. It is stronger than the
Page

Correct Answer is. cladding. aluminium.

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Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. that the material is from


http://www.geocities.com/pganio/materia an approved source. OR only the specification of
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ls.html the material.


Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 48. Malleable


materials are. Question Number. 52. When two or more
Option A. easy to forge. metallic materials are fused together, the
Option B. easy to cast. combination is known as.
Option C. highly ductile. Option A. a composite material.
Correct Answer is. easy to forge. Option B. a thermosetting compound.
Explanation. Malleability does not necessarily Option C. an alloy.
mean ductility. Correct Answer is. an alloy.
Explanation. Fuse means 'to melt'.

Question Number. 49. If a material has to


undergo deep cold forming operation. The Question Number. 53. Malleable
essential property would be. materials are normally.
Option A. ductility. Option A. also highly ductile.
Option B. malleability. Option B. easy to cast.
Option C. elasticity. Option C. easily forged.
Correct Answer is. malleability. Correct Answer is. easily forged.
Explanation. NIL. Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 50. The metal which Question Number. 54. The common
must not be heated in a salt bath is. bonding material for Tungsten Carbide is.
Option A. magnesium alloy.
Option B. duralumin. Option A. Invar.
Option C. rivets made of alclad. Option B. Cobalt.
Correct Answer is. magnesium alloy. Option C. Silicon.
Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. Cobalt.
Explanation. Cobalt is used to bond tungsten
carbide to cutting tools.
Question Number. 51. The colour code
on sheet metal indicates.
Option A. only the specification of the Question Number. 55. Grain size will
material. effect the mechanical properties of metal. Which
Option B. the spec and gauge of the of the following is true?.
material. Option A. Large grain size is attributed to
Option C. that the material is from an slow cooling rates and will give less tensile
approved source. strength.
Option B. Materials with large grain size are
Page

more prone to creep.

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Option C. Small grain size is normally Option B. solution treated and naturally
attributed to rapid cooling rates and will give less aged.
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tensile strength. Option C. solution treated and artificially


Correct Answer is. Large grain size is aged.
attributed to slow cooling rates and will give less Correct Answer is. solution treated and
tensile strength. naturally aged.
Explanation. NIL. Explanation. NIL.
http://www.jjjtrain.com/vms/engineering_
metal_stds.html
Question Number. 56. The cracking of
structural members under repeated stress lower
than the ultimate tensile load is known as. Question Number. 59. A metal is coded
1285 using the IADS coding method. This means
Option A. creep. the metal is.
Option B. fatigue failure. Option A. 85% pure aluminium.
Option C. stress reversal. Option B. 99.85% pure aluminium.
Correct Answer is. fatigue failure. Option C. a copper based aluminium alloy
Explanation. NIL. i.e. duralumin.
Correct Answer is. 99.85% pure aluminium.

Explanation. NIL.
Question Number. 57. A piece of http://www.jjjtrain.com/vms/engineering_
duralumin has been annealed and bent into shape metal_stds.html
prior to fitting to an aircraft. Which of the
following is correct? It must be.
Option A. fitted to the aircraft within 24 Question Number. 60. A material
hours. containing approximately 66% nickel and 33%
Option B. solution treated, precipitation copper is known as.
treated and fitted to the aircraft within 2 hours. Option A. Nimonic.
Option C. solution treated prior to fitting to Option B. Monel metal.
an aircraft. Option C. Invar
Correct Answer is. solution treated, Correct Answer is. Monel metal.
precipitation treated and fitted to the aircraft Explanation. NIL.
within 2 hours. OR solution treated prior to fitting
to an aircraft.
Explanation. NIL. Question Number. 61. Monel metal
consists of approximately.
Option A. 66% Chromium and 33% Copper.
Question Number. 58. A sheet of metal is
designated 2024-T4. The code tells us that the Option B. 66% Copper and 33% Nickel.
material is a copper based aluminium alloy. Option C. 66% Nickel and 33% Copper.
Correct Answer is. 66% Chromium and 33%
Option A. annealed and Naturally aged. Copper.
Page

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Explanation. NIL. Correct Answer is. To stop the crack from


http://www.lenntech.com/Monel.htm propagating.
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Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 62. Silver solder is


composed of the materials. Question Number. 66. Annealing of
Option A. Copper, Tin and Silver. aluminium.
Option B. Zinc, Lead and Silver. Option A. increases the tensile strength.
Option C. Copper, Zinc and Silver. Option B. makes the material brittle.
Correct Answer is. Copper, Zinc and Silver. Option C. removes stresses caused by
Explanation. NIL. http://ajh- forming.
knives.com/soldering.html Correct Answer is. removes stresses caused
by forming.
Explanation. NIL.
Question Number. 63. The ease with
which a material can be forged, rolled and
extruded without fracture is an indication of a
material's.
Option A. malleability.
Option B. ductility.
Option C. brittleness.
Correct Answer is. malleability.
Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 64. What is fatigue?.

Option A. Cyclic stressing of a part.


Option B. Failure of a component due to
corrosion.
Option C. Constant stressing of a part.
Correct Answer is. Cyclic stressing of a part.

Explanation. NIL.

Question Number. 65. Why is stop drilling


carried out at the end of a crack?.
Option A. To change the direction of the
crack.
Option B. To stop the crack from
propagating.
Option C. To increase the stress
Page

concentration at the crack end.

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