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Unio Europeia

Portugal est inserido nalgumas estruturas e organizaes a nvel


internacional. A Unio Europeia um desses organismos que requer
particular importncia, na medida em que Portugal passou a ser
Estado Membro desde 1 de janeiro de 1986.

A atual Unio Europeia (UE) nasce em 1951, com o nome de


Comunidade Econmica do Carvo e do Ao (CECA), atravs de um
processo de cooperao e integrao entre 6 pases europeus, a
Alemanha, a Blgica, a Frana, a Itlia, o Luxemburgo e os
Pases Baixos (Holanda).

Durante a sua existncia de mais de 60 anos -, esta comunidade


assiste adeso de vrios pases, reunindo atualmente 28 pases
europeus.

Aos pases fundadores associaram-se:

1973 - __________________________________________________________

1981 - __________________________________________________________

1986 - __________________________________________________________

1995 - __________________________________________________________

2004 - A Unio Europeia alargou-se a 25 pases com a adeso de


10 novos Estados

Membros do leste e sul da Europa:


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2007 -
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2013 -
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Os principais objetivos da Unio Europeia so os seguintes:

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Instituies da Unio Europeia


O processo de tomada de decises na Unio Europeia, em geral, e o
processo de co deciso em particular, envolve as trs principais
instituies:

O Parlamento Europeu,
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O Conselho da Unio
Europeia,____________________________________________

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A Comisso
Europeia,_____________________________________________________

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Duas outras instituies desempenham um papel fundamental:

O Tribunal de Justia,
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O Tribunal de Contas,
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Para alm das suas instituies, a UE tem diversos rgos que


desempenham misses especficas:

Cinco rgos da Unio Europeia

O Banco Central Europeu -


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O Banco Europeu de Investimento -


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O Comit Econmico e Social -


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O Comit das Regies -


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O Provedor de Justia Europeu -


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