Você está na página 1de 60

ASME_IND_III_p687-746.

qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 687

INDEX

Additional page numbers with information about individual ASME Specifications (SA and SB numbers) can be found under the headings
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Ferrous Material Specifications and American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Nonferrous Material Specifications. Referrals to Code Paragraphs and Sections can be located by their alphabetical code (NA, NB, etc.).

A1 and A2 values, radioactive material packaging, 348, 350, 351 AE. See Aging effect.
Q-system for calculation of, 345, 350, 353, 356 AEA. See Atomic Energy Act.
Abrasion, of pressure equipment, 153 AEC. See U.S. Atomic Energy Agency.
AC. See Alternating current. Aerospace Material Specifications, materials standards, 163
Accelerated intergranular corrosion test, French codes, 249, 253 A0 factor, 275
Acceptance criteria, of age management program, 58 AFCEN. See French association for design, construction and
Access door, in pressure equipment, 152 inservice inspection rules for nuclear island components.
Accident sequence analysis, 93 AFCEN Quality Manual, 197
Accreditation, of Canadian organizations developing standards, 160 AFIAP. See Association Franaise de Ingenieurs en Appareils
Accredited standards-developing organizations (SDOs), 160 Pression.
Acetylene gas, compressed, 260 AFNOR. See French Standardization Organization.
ACI. See American Concrete Institute. AGA. See American Gas Association.
Acoustic circuit analyses, 6 Aging
Acoustic emission, 254 fitness-for-service rules (Japan), 276
CODAP future specifications, 208 indicators, 58
ACR. See Advanced CANDU Reactor. managing the effects of, 35
ACRS. See Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards. pressure equipment conformance, 142
Active component failure rate, 96 preventative action, 35
Active power plant structures/components, surveillance and Aging degradation, 5859
maintenance programs, 31 Aging effect (AE), 5859
ACVG. See Alternating current voltage gradient method. environmental, 38
Addenda to the Code Aging management, of pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessel
1972 Addenda to Section III, Appendix G, 44 internals, 5760
1983 Addenda to Section XI, 116 Aging management program (AMP), 21, 3031, 3335, 39, 41, 5859
1988 Addenda to Section XI, 7, 118 audits, 3334, 3637
1994 Addenda (2004 Edition as revision), 296, 298, 299 during extended operation, 38
1999 Addenda, 271, 307, 666, 667 elements, 35, 57
2001 Addenda, 298, 668, 673 environmental aging effect and, 41
2002 Addenda to Section XI, 118, 119, 121, GALL Report and, 3334
Section XI, Appendix C, 1920, 21, 22, 118, 126 license renewal and, 32
2003 Addenda, 668 plant-specific, 3738, 57
Adjustment factor (Ke factor), 273. See also Ke factor. Aging management review (AMR), 3035, 38, 41, 57
AD Merkbltter code, 316, 329, 330 Aging management strategies, 5960
Administrative Procedure Act of 1946 (APA), 338, 594 AI. See Authorized Inspector.
AD 2000, 139, 553, 554, 555, 557, 561, AIA. See Authorized Inspection Agencies.
Advanced CANDU Reactor (ACR), 188 Air environments
Advisory Committee for Energy, Nuclear and Industrial Safety austenitic stainless steels fatigue crack growth rate, 21
Subcommittee, 259 ferritic steels fatigue crack growth rate, 21
Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS), 505 Air conditioning, Japanese codes, 261
Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 350 Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, cooling equipment
Advantica (formerly BG Technology), 400 standards, 163
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 688

688 Index

Air transport, of radioactive materials, 347, 352, 353 American National Standards Institute/American Society of
AISC. See American Institute for Steel Construction. Mechanical Engineers B31 G Manual, 376, 397398, 401
ALARA. See As Low as Reasonably Achievable. B31 G assessment criterion, 398401
ALARP. See As Low As is Reasonably Practical region. American National Standards Institute Committee N14, 61, 351
Allowable flaw depth, 9, 118 American Nuclear Society (ANS)
Allowable pressure ANSI/ANS-56.8-2002 (Containment System Leakage Testing
brittle fracture and, 55 Requirements), 186, 189
equation for, 49 Nuclear Risk Management Coordinating Committee (NRMCC)
Allowable pressure operating curve, 4849 with ASME and NRC, 108, 110
Allowable pressure temperature (P-T) limits, 49, 51 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) Standards, 108, 109, 110
Allowable stresses, 149 risk-informed safety classification efforts, 108
austenitic stainless steel, PED and U.K., 310311 Risk-Informed Standards committee (RISC), 103, 109
French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653 PRA standards development, 109, 110
ferritic materials, U.K., 310 RISC-2, 103
in pressure equipment, 139, 143, 151152, 157 Seismic and External Events Standard, 104
pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 44, 257, 258, 259 Subcommittee 28, 107
pressure equipment, PED and European codes, 148, 314 American Nuclear Society (ANS) Standards, specific types
pressure vessels, EN 13445, 326327 53.1 (Nuclear Safety Criteria for the Design of Modular Helium
pressure vessel, French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653 Cooled Reactor Plants), 109
seismic design, Japanese codes, 44, 257, 258, 259 58.21, 110, 112
transport tanks, 365, 366, 368 American Petroleum Institute (API), 162
welded joints, French codes, 246 American Petroleum Institute (API) Pressure Vessel Inspection Code
Alloy ductile iron castings, for pressure equipment, French codes, 242 standards, specific types
Alloy steels API 530, 162, 170, 188
for pressure equipment, French codes, 252 API 579, 121
for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286 API 1104 (Acceptance Standards of Production Welds), 400
Alternating current (AC), loss of power, 33, 42, 395 API 1160 (Managing System Integrity for Hazardous Liquid
Alternating current voltage gradient (ACVG) method, for pipeline Pipelines), 377, 380
system assessment, 395 American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT), 148, 264,
Alternating stress intensity ASNT TC 1A (Personnel Approval), 148
of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346347 Master Curve test method, 43
of pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 321324 materials for pressure equipment construction, 147
Aluminum steels, toughness conformance, 147
allowable stresses, pressure equipment, 139 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Special
non-alloyed, allowable stresses in pressure equipment, 157 Technical Publication (STP)
in pressure equipment, 157 STP514, 127, 128
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311 STP 536, 127
for pressure vessels, French codes, 201, 202, 205, 208 STP 668, 127
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264, 286 STP 803 (Deformation Plasticity Failure Assessment Diagram
Aluminum alloys Approach to Flaw Evaluation), 27, 127, 127
allowable stresses, pressure equipment, 139 STP 803, Vol. 2, 27, 127, 128
in pressure equipment, 157 STP 896 (Deformation Plasticity Failure Assessment Diagram),
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311312 114, 119, 123, 128, 648
for pressure equipment, PED codes, 311 STP 1046, 25
for pressure vessels, French codes, 201, 202, 205, 208 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Subcommittee,
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264, 286 E 10.02, 54
Aluminum/nitrogen2 ratios, minimum values for pressure equipment, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) test methods,
143 specific types
Aluminum piping, Canadian standards, 172 A 240, 311
American Gas Association (AGA), 395 B 350, 177
American Institute for Steel Construction (AISC), AISC N-690, B 353, 177
Subsection NF, 247, 255, 667, 675, 676 C 597-02 (Pulse Velocity through Concrete), 186, 189
American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 162163. See also C 805-02 (Impact/Rebound Hammer Tests), 186, 189
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Codes and E-208 (Drop Weight Test), 360
Standards, specific types. E 208-87a (Drop Weight Test), 50
/ASQCZ1.4, 188 E 370-88a (Charpy V-Notch Test), 50
B16.34, 246 E 399 (Cleavage Fracture Toughness), 52
K61.1/CGAG-2.1, 188, E 813-81 (Standard Test Method for Fracture Toughness), 114, 127
N14.1, 351 E 900-02 (Guide for Predicting Radiation-Induced Transition
NB-23, 366 Temperature Shift in Reactor Vessel Materials), 5455, 61
NGV2-2000 (Basic Requirements for Compressed Natural Gas E 900-87 (Standard Guide for Predicting Neutron Radiation
Vehicle (NGV) Fuel Containers), 170 Damage to Reactor Vessel Materials), 54, 61
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 689

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 689

E 1921, 53 weld-overlay-type repairs, 18


E 1921-97, 61 weld repair criteria, 13
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 162, 163 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and
Class 1 ferritic piping, flaw evaluation procedures, 118 Pressure Vessel Committee, Risk-Informed Code Cases, 90
Code cases, 103, 104, 106, 107, 108 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and
nameplate, removal of, 366 Pressure Vessel Standards Committee, 159, 324
safety factor, 149 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and
specifications, for steel, 149 Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) Working Group on Flaw
Subcommittee VIII, 208 Evaluation, 22, 127
Subcommittee XII, Transport Tanks, 357 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Codes and
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Board on Nuclear Codes Standards, 107
and Standards (BNCS), 103, 107, 109, 189 B 16.5, 316
Code cases, 109110, 112 B 31G, 376, 397400
Committee on Nuclear Risk Management (CNRM), 90, 108 B 31.1 (Power Piping), 34, 42, 103, 170, 172, 188, 191, 209, 246
environmental fatigue effects and, 21 vs. CODETI, 216
Independent Decision-Making Panels, 110 vs. Japanese codes, 270271
non-mandatory appendices, revising risk-informed, 228, 358 B 31.3 (Process Piping Code), 170, 188,
Nuclear Air and Gas Treatment Equipment Committee, 107 vs. CODETI, 216
Nuclear Codes and Standards (NS&S) Task Team, 107, 108, 109, vs. EN 13445, 208
110, 112 Table 326.1, 169
Nuclear Cranes Committee, 107 B 31.4 (Pipeline System Repairs), 170, 188, 395, 405406
Nuclear Quality Assurance Committee, 107 B 31.5 (Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer Components), 170,
Nuclear Risk Management Coordinating Committee (NRMCC), 188
108, 110 B 31.8 (Pipeline Repairs), 377, 395, 403, 405406, 422
Qualifications of Mechanical Equipment Committee, 107 B 31.8S (Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines), 376377,
RIP-50 TG (Risk-Informed Part 50 Task Group), 107 403, 422
risk-informed ISI and IST implementation, 90, 95 B 31.9 (Building Services Piping), 170, 188
risk initiatives, 110, 112 NQA, 101, 102, 108, 109
Risk Management Strategic Plan, 107, 108, 109 NQA-1, Appendix (Risk-Inform), 101, 102, 108
Standards Committees and, 107 RA-S, 110
Subcommittee, Nuclear Accreditation, 107 RA-S-2002, 90, 106107, 110, 111
Subcommittee, Section III (Nuclear Power), 108 Addenda-2003, 106
Subcommittee Section III, Division 1, 108 RA-S-2003, 106, 110
Subcommittee Section III, Division 2, 108 RA-Sa-2003, 110
Subcommittee Section III, Division 3, 108 Table 1.3-1, 91
Subcommittee XI (Inservice Inspection), 107, 109, 111, 112 RA-Sa-2003 Addenda (PRA Standards), 91, 110, 111. See also
Working Group on Implementation of Risk-Based Examination American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
(IRBE), 94, 97 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) Standards.
Working Group on Optimization, 97 SNT-TC-1A (Certification of NDE Personnel), 249
Working Group on Risk, 97 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Codes and
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Board on Pressure Standards Redesign Process, 90
Technology Codes and Standards (BPTCS), 107 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code Section
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and XI Working Group on Flaw Evaluation, 46, 118
Pressure Vessel Code (Code), 25, 143, 168, 171, 181, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code Section
adoption by USNRC, 353354 XI Working Group on Operating Plant Criteria, 45
allowable crack depth, 24 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Commission paper
alternate inspection method for nozzle inner radii, 10 COMNJD-002 (On Probabilistic Risk Assessment [PRA]), 108
canister design requirements for radioactive materials, 349 COMNJD-03-0002 (On PRA Quality), 108
comparison of code structure with French codes, 196 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) construction
comparison with Pressure Equipment Directive, 144, 192 code, 169
design fatigue curves, 34, 42 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Council on
environmental fatigue effects, 21 Codes and Standards, 90
identification for Canadian pressure equipment, 169 Project Team, to develop PRA Standard, 9091
initiatives, 108, 110 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Ferrous
Master Curve test method, 43 Material Specifications (SA specifications), specific types
pressure equipment directive perspectives, 129157 SA 240, 142
vs. RCC-M French code, 228230, 233, 236243, 246 SA 312, 142
reactor vessel inspection requirements, 7172 SA 370, 359
requirements quantifying U.S. Type B transportation requirements, SA 503 Cl.3 (Reactor Vessel Steel Composition), 243
334 SA-508-2, 44
risk-informed code cases, 107 SA-508-CLI, 19
stresses permitted in radioactive material packaging, 340, 341 SA-533-B1, 44
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 690

690 Index

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Innovative American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Research Task
Technologies Institute, 110 Force on risk-Based Inservice Testing Guidelines, CRTD-Vol.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Nonferrous 40-2, 103, 108
Material Specifications (SB specifications), SB-166,19 American Society of Mechanical Engineers PVHO-1 (Safety
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Operations and Standard for Pressure Vessels for Human Occupancy), 169,
Maintenance Code for Nuclear Power Plants (O&M Code) 188
Appendix II (Check Valve Condition Monitoring Program), 105 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Section
Code cases, 109 Subgroup on Range, 124
Inservice Inspection (ISI) code, 108 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) website
Inservice Testing (IST) code, 103, 109 (www.asme.org), 107
OMN-Code 1995 Edition-1996 Addenda, 105 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Working Group
OMN-1, 105 on Check Valves, 103
OMN-3 (Risk Categorization), 103, 104, 105, 106, 112 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Working Group
OMN-4 (Treatment of Check Valves), 103106, 112 on Codes Strategy, 258
OMN-4 White Paper, 105, 112 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Working Group
OMN-7 (Treatment of Pumps), 103106, 112 on Motor-Operated Valve, 103
OMN-10 (Snubbers), 103106, 112 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Working Group
OMN-11 (Treatment of Motor-Operated Valves), 103106, 112 on Pumps, 103
OMN-12 (Treatment of Pneumatic and Hydraulic Valves), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Working Group
103106, 112 Pressure (WGP), Standing Committee, 131
risk-informed Code Cases, 90, 94, 106, 108, 109, 112 guideline for PED, 144
Subsection ISTC, code test, 105 American Welding Society (AWS), 163
Subsection ISTC, LSS check valve code test, 105 AMP. See Aging management program,
Subsection ISTD (Inservice Testing of Dynamic Restraints AMR. See Aging management review.
[Snubbers] in Light-Water Reactor Power Plants), 106 Anhydrous ammonia service, pressure vessels, 170
Subsection ISTE, 103 ANI. See Authorized Nuclear Inspector.
testing strategies for HSS/LSS components, 103 ANII. See Authorized Nuclear Inservice Inspector.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Operations and Annex Z, 147, 149, 193
Maintenance Code for Nuclear Power Plants (O&M Code) Annulus spacers, 164
Code Committee, 103104, 109 ANS. See American Nuclear Society.
Task Group on Component Importance Ranking, 103 ANSI. See American National Standards Institute.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Performance Anticipated transients without scram (ATWS), 31, 42
Test Codes, PTC25, Section 2, 359 APA. See Administrative Procedure Act.
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Probabilistic API. See American Petroleum Institute.
Risk Assessment (PRA) Standard, 8992, 107110, 112 Appliances burning gaseous fuels, New Approach Directive, 145
Addenda to, 107 Approval of Type B Quantity and Fissile Material Packagings,
Addendum b, 111 341342, 344
content additions, 109 Architectural Institute of Japan, stress analysis of concrete structures,
evolution of, 9091 288289
Figure 3.1-1 (Flow Chart for Evaluating PRA Capability), 93 Argonne National Laboratory, 2123, 86
for external events, 110 Arkansas Nuclear One, Unit 2 nuclear power plant, 97
flow chart for evaluating capability, 93 Arrhenius equation, 76
Independent Decision-Making Panel, 94, 100, 110 Asada, Yasuhide, 112, 257, 276, 292
integrate into other ASME risk-informed Codes and Standards, 107 Asbestos removal, 428, 431
for internal events, 110, 112 As Low As is Reasonably Achievable (ALARA), 440, 447, 450, 462,
Level 1, 91, 96 463, 471
Level 2, risk-informed, 91, 96, 110 As Low As is Reasonably Practical (ALARP) region, 385
Level 3, risk-informed, 110 ASME. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
objectives of, 90, 91 Asme Code at Paks Npp, Hungary 589
potential new standards, 162 ASNT. See American Society for Nondestructive Testing.
quality assurance of PRAs, 95 Asphalt enamel coatings, for pipeline systems, 409, 412413
scope, 108, 110 Assemblies, in Pressure Equipment Directive, 130, 151, 153, 155
Section 1 (Introduction/Scope), 92 Assembly, definition, 218
Section 2 (Acronyms, Terms), 91 Association Franaise de Ingenieurs en Appareils Pression
Section 3 (Application of), 9192 (AFIAP), 255
Section 4 (Technical Requirements), 9192 ASTM. See American Society for Testing and Materials.
Section 5 (Configuration Control), 92 Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (AEA), 29, 338, 341, 343, 591, 594, 625,
Section 6 (Peer Reviews), 92 627, 633, 655659, 662663, 665, 677
Table 1.3-1 (Capability Categories for PRA), 91 Atomic Energy Control Board, Ottawa, Canada, 188
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Pressure Vessel Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 187
Research Council (PVRC) Workshop on the Environmental Atomic Industrial Forum, 89
Effects on Fatigue Performance, 20 Attachment weld, 13, 72, 367
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 691

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 691

ATWS. See Anticipated transients without scram. reactor pressure vessel (RPV) outlet nozzle butt weld
Audits, age management program/review (AMP/AMR), 34, 3639 leakage, 70
Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels repair, 81
for industrial piping, French codes, 142, 191, 553, 554 as small leaks, 73, 96
for pressure equipment, French codes, 252, 253 through-wall, in Alloys 82/182 butt weld, 6970
for pressure vessels, French codes, 205, 208 Axial shell welds, reactor pressure vessel inservice inspection, 8
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263, 264 Axial shrinkage, in weld repairs, 18
Austenitic stainless steels Axial tension, of cylinders, 115
for calandria material, 163
chloride attack susceptibility, 63 Babcock and Wilcox (B&W) designed PWR power plants, 6466
for containment vessels, 348 Back-wall echo criteria, 249
for containment vessels for radioactive materials, 345, 346 Bar, definition, 131
for cryogenic portable tanks, 367 Barenblatt model, 113
dissimilar metal welds, 19, 72 Barlow equation, 401
environmental fatigue effects, 21, 28 Baseline Assessment Plan, pipeline systems, 376
fatigue crack growth rate in air environments, 5, 21 Base metal, welds, examination of, 52
fatigue crack growth rate in water environment, 46, 9, 2122, 24, Basic Safety Standards (BSS), 290
28 Batelle, 387, 398, 422
flaw evaluation, FFS code (Japan), 281282 Beam flexural tests, 186
for industrial piping, French codes, 217, 222, 226, 229, 230 Beam lift-off tests, 186
irradiation embrittlement of, 59 Beltline material, 16
mechanical properties, 63 Bending moment, 4
piping flaw evaluation, 116118, 121, 124 of cylinders, 116117
piping, fracture evaluation method, Japanese codes, 281, 283 of supports, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
piping, intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 25 Bending rupture energy, in pressure equipment, 157
piping, safety factors for evaluating flawed, 1920 Bending stresses, 46, 116
piping, structural factors, 118 of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 345
for pressure equipment, French codes, 224, 229, 230, 234, 250 French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311320, 322330 nuclear power plant piping, 296, 299
for pressure vessels, French codes, 224, 237, 253 nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 324
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264, 266268, 271 Bending stress intensity factor, 46
primary system pressure boundary piping, repair of, 19 Bend test
similar metal weld overlays, 19 French codes, 253
stress corrosion cracking (SCC) analysis, 2, 63 pressure vessel, Japanese codes, 263264
wrought, crack extension and plastic collapse, 117 Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory
Austenitic steels WAPD-BT-16, 85
allowable stresses, pressure equipment, 139, 157 WAPD-TM-944, 85
in pressure equipment, 157 B factor, 251
Authorized Inspection Agencies (AIA), 101, 366 BG Technology. See Advantica, British gas.
CANDU nuclear power plants, 172, 175 Bidirectional exercise test, 105
Authorized Inspectors (AI), 365637 Biofouling, 33
certification, 254 Blowoff systems, 169
Authorized Nuclear Inservice Inspector (ANII), 102 Blowoff vessels, 169
Authorized Nuclear Inspector (ANI), 541, 627, 677 BMI. See Bottom-mounted instrument nozzle.
Automobiles, high-pressure cylinders for on-board natural gas fuel BNCS. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
storage, Canadian standards, 168, 170 Board on Nuclear Codes and Standards.
Automotive propane vessels, Canadian standards, 168 BNQ. See Bureau de normalization du Qubec.
Aviation and Transportation Act (2001), 420 Boilers. See also Pressure vessels.
AWS. See American Welding Society. Canadian non-nuclear standards, 162
Axial flaws (cracks), 1415, 1718, 49, 74, 118 Canadian standards, 160163, 168
applied stress intensity factor for pressure loading, 49 failure modes, French codes, 198, 218
causes of, 67 French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253,
in circumferential welds, 49 inservice inspection, Canadian, 181187
in control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles, 76 in scope of PED, 130131
deterministic crack growth rates, 76 Boiling water reactor (BWR)
leakage in boiling water reactor (BWR), 74 vs. CANDU design, 163
nondestructive testing to determine, 72 control rod drive stub tube cracking, 12
piping, safety/structural factors, 118 feedwater nozzle, 810, 12
in plate material, 15 ferritic stainless steel fatigue crack growth, 22
in pressurized water reactor (PWR) inlet/outlet nozzles, 74 fitness-for-service code (Japanese), 280
in primary water SCC in alloy 600 CRDM nozzle, 69 inclusion criteria (Level A) for high-safety significant (HSS)
propagation, 69 snubbers, 106
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 692

692 Index

Boiling water reactor (BWR) (continued) Bolted connections


In-Core Housing, 12 alloy 286 failures, 59
intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) issue, 74, 81, 83, torqued, 59
85, 94, 97, 106 Bolted flange connections
internals, 16 CODAP future specifications, 208
jet pump recirculation system, 1, 47, 13, 24 CODETI future development, 216
licensing, 15 Bolting, for pressure equipment, 138
nozzles, 11, 17, 19 Bolt preload, 45
pressure boundary piping, service-induced degradation in, 24 Bolts, 129
shroud, 24 Boric acid
steam dryer, 1415, 24 accumulation, from CRDM nozzle leakage, 69
stress corrosion cracking growth rate, 23, 1314, 2426, 28, 33, corrosion, 63, 69, 74
57, 59, 63 corrosion, cross-section of Davis-Besse reactor vessel head, 70, 72,
weld overlay, 1 7475, 84
weld overlay repairs of dissimilar metal welds at nozzles, 81 deposit due to leakage, 72
Boiling water reactor (BWR) environment preexisting deposits, 71, 75
austenitic stainless steel, fatigue crack growth rate in, 2122 wastage, 84
ferritic steels, SCC growth rate relationship, 23 wastage in large leaks, 71
Boiling water reactor/2 (BWR/2) material, 1216 Boron
Boiling water reactor/2 (BWR/2) plant, shroud support geometry, 14 alloy presence and PWSCC, 67
Boiling water reactor/3 (BWR/3) material, 1516 in primary coolant water in PWR plants, 68
Boiling water reactor/4 (BWR/4) material, 1516 Boron corrosion, from stub tube cracking leakage, 12
Boiling water reactor/5 (BWR/5) material, 1516 Borosilicate glass, 436
Boiling water reactor/6 (BWR/6) material, 1516 Bottom-mounted instrument (BMI) nozzles, 65
Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) Owners Group effect of temperature on PWSCC, 82
analysis, 16 examination of, 70
flaw evaluation guidelines, 22 inspections, 71
objectives, 15 partial penetrations welds, 72
pipe cracking in boiling water reactors, 17 PWSCC leakage, 7071
Topical Report, 1516, 26, 41 strategic planning for PWSCC, 84
NEDO-32205, Revision 1, 2526 Boundary collocation methods, 45
weld-overlay studies, 18 Bounding assumptions
Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) Owners Group Intergranular Stress for crack growth due to IASCC, 60
Corrosion Cracking Research Program, 17 for loss of toughness due to irradiation, 60
Boiling water reactor (BWR) plant, 16 Bounding crack growth evaluation, 24
design basis for, 2021 Bounding curve, 53
personnel radiation exposure, 53 Bounding locations, in fatigue monitoring program, 37
plant safety, 53 BPTCS. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
use of alloy 600 base metal, 63 Board on Pressure Technology Codes and Standards.
Boiling water reactor (BWR) vessel, 16, 16 Branch Technical Position RSB 5-2, 45, 60
attachment weld cracking, 1314 Brazing
hydrostatic test temperature, reference temperature, 45 code compliance, 80
service-induced degradation in, 24 joints, 140
Boiling Water Reactor Vessels and Internals Project (BWRVIP), 16, repair/replacement, 96
24 Brazing procedures, registration, Canadian, 169
BWRVIP-03, 25 Breaking pin devices, 359
BWRVIP-5 Report (BWR Reactor Pressure Vessel Shell Weld British Central Electricity Generating Boards (CEGB) R-6
Inspection Recommendations), 78, 1011, 25 two-criteria failure assessment program, 119, 128
BWRVIP-14 (Evaluation of Crack Growth in BWR Stainless Steel British Gas (BG technology), 387, 397
Internals), 23, 23, 25, 28 British R-6 method, 114, 119, 121
BWRVIP-17, 26 British Standards (BS), specific types, 259
BWRVIP-59, 23 1113 (water-tubesteam generating plant), 311, 314, 316
BWRVIP-60, 23, 26 1500 (fusion-welded pressure vessels for general purposes), 309,
BWRVIP-99, 25 314, 330
BWRVIP-100, 25 1501, 310311
BWRVIP-108, 11, 26 1501-224-490A or 490B, 310
crack growth rate relationship, 23 1501-304-S61, 311
enhanced visual (VT) examinations for managing aging effect in, 1503, 311
60 1515, 309, 314315, 330
flaw evaluation, 24 1560, 316
inspection systems, 7 2790 (shell boiler of welded construction), 311
roll expansion repair document, 13 3915 (steel vessels for primary circuits of nuclear reactors), 315
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 693

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 693

4504, 316 large-diameter piping, deterministic crack growth rate predictions,


4975 (prestressed concrete pressure vessels for nuclear 7778
engineering), 311 large diameter piping, residual stress in, 83
4994 (vessels and tanks in reinforced plastics), 311 large-diameter PWR pipe-to-nozzle, circumferential cracking, 74
5169 (fusion-welded steel air receivers), 311 nozzle-to-safe end, 72
5500 (unfired fusion-welded pressure vessels), 309, 311, 321, 324, outlet nozzle, 6970
330331 piping, PWSCC in, 74
7005 (carbon steel vessels for use in vapor compression PWR reactor vessel inlet/outlet, cracks/leaks in, 63, 66
refrigeration systems), 311 residual stress, 83
EN 286 (simple unfired pressure vessels designed to contain air or strategic planning for PWSCC, 83
nitrogen), 311, 314 weld shrinkage, 67
British Standards Guide, BS 7910, 121 BWR. See Boiling water reactors.
British Standards Institution (BSI), 309 BWRVIP. See Boiling Water Reactor Vessels and Internals Project.
Brittle fracture
allowable pressure-temperature and, 55 CAA. See Clean Air Act.
boilers, French codes, 222 Cadmium coating, French codes, 248
codes and regulations for prevention, 4450 Calculation pressure, 325
at embrittled vessel beltline region, 55 Calculation temperature, 325
ferritic steels at lower shelf, 113 Calandria, 163164
French codes, 253 assembly, CANDU nuclear power plants, 174175
industrial piping, French codes, 253 vessel, 174
of packaging of radioactive materials, 339 Californium-252, 343, 351
of pressure equipment, 156 Call before you dig (First call) program, 416
of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 Canadian Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards, 159160
of pressure vessels, 200 Category A, 182
of pressurized water reactor vessels, 43, 4950 class 1 components, 175176, 195196
prevention, Japanese codes, 270 class 1C components, 178
temperature and, 50 class 2 components, 176
toughness conformance of pressure equipment, 147 class 2C components, 178
Browns Ferry Unit 1, 29 class 3 components, 176
BS. See British Standard. BSI. class 3C components, 178
See British Standards Institution. class 4 components, 176
BSS. See Basic Safety Standards. development and implementation, 160
Buckling, 352 Figure 48.1 (CSA Standard-Developing Process), 160161
containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346, 348 Figure 48.2 (CANDU Primary Heat Transport System), 164
dished ends, and PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 Figure 48.3 (CANDU Primary Heat Transport System), 165
French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653 Figure 48.4 (CANDU 6 Fuel Channel Assembly), 164165
interstiffener, 313314, Figure 48.5 (Simplified Schematic of CANDU Fuel Channel
light stiffeners for shells, 318 Assembly), 164165
nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323 Figure 48.6 (Schematic Overview of CANDU Online Refueling
overall, 313 System), 176
as pipeline failure mode, 374 Table 48.1 (CSA B 51 Standard: Classification of Pipe Fittings), 169
pressure vessels, 200 Table 48.2 (CSA N285.5 and N287.7 Interfaces-Requirements for
pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 313321, 323330 Inspection and Testing of Containment System Components),
of radioactive material packaging, 340341 172, 174, 176
Buckling strain, theoretical, for a perfectly circular cylinder, 314315 Canadian Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards, specific types
Bugey 3 nuclear power plant, 69 A series (Construction Materials), 163
Bulk low specific activity materials, 347 B series (Tolerance Specifications and Pressure Boundary
Bureau de normalization du Qubec (BNQ), 160 Standards), 163
Bureau of Explosives (Association of American Railroads) permits B51-03, Part 2, 170
for radioactive materials packages, 340 B51-03, Part 3, 170
Burnishing, to reduce potential PWSCC, 82 C series (Electrical Codes and Standards), 163
Bursting G series (Structural Steel Specification), 163
boilers, French codes, 222, 253 S Series (Construction and Structural Specifications), 163
nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323 W series (Welding Specifications), 163
pressure vessels, 200 Z series (Quality Assurance Programs), 163
Buttering, 65 CAN/CSA-B51 (Boilers, Pressure Vessels, and Pressure piping),
Butt welds, 63 162, 168, 172
Alloys 82/182, 66, 69 subcommittees for, 168
CRDM nozzles, examination of, 75 CAN/CSA-B51-03 (Pressure Vessel Design and Construction),
dissimilar metal, inspection requirements, 73 159, 162, 168, 172
inlet/outlet nozzle, examination of, 74 CAN/CSA-B52 (Mechanical Refrigeration Code), 162, 170
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 694

694 Index

Canadian Boiler and Pressure Vessel Standards, CAN/CSA-N286.0, 174, 177


specific types (continued) CAN/CSA-N286.1 (Procurement Quality Assurance Program
CAN/CSA-B149.1 (Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code), Requirements for Nuclear Power Plants), 174, 177
162, 170 CAN/CSA-286.2 (Design Quality Assurance for Nuclear Power
CAN/CSA-B 149.2 (Propane Storage and Handling Code), 162, Plants), 177
169170, CAN/CSA-N286.3 (Construction Quality Assurance for Nuclear
CAN/CSA-B 149.5 (Installation Code for Propane Fuel Systems Power Plants), 177
and Tanks on Highway Vehicles), 162 CAN/CSA-N286.4 (Commissioning Quality Assurance for
CAN/CSA-N285(A) (Pressure-Retaining Components), 163 Nuclear Power Plants), 177
CAN/CSA-N285(B) (Periodic Inspection), 163 CAN/CSA-N286.5 (Operations Quality Assurance for Nuclear
CAN/CSA-N285.0 (Nuclear Boiler and Pressure Vessel Design Power Plants), 177
and Construction), Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 1C, 2C, 3C, 172, 179 CAN/CSA-N286.6 (Decommissioning Quality Assurance for
CAN/CSA-N285.0, revision, 162 Nuclear Power Plants), 177
CAN/CSA-N285.0-95 (General Requirements, Classification, CAN/CSA-N286.7 (Quality Assurance of Critical Computer
Registration, and Reporting), 159 Programs, Nuclear Power Plants), 177178
CAN/CSA-N285.1 (Classes 1, 2, and 3 Components), 171 CAN/CSA-N287 (CANDU Concrete Containment Structures and
CAN/CSA-N285.2, 172, 174, 175, 179 Systems), 163, 171, 176, 178
CAN/CSA-N285.2-99 (Mobile Online Refueling Machines CAN/CSA-N287.1 (General Requirements), 178
Guidelines), 169 CAN/CSA-N287.1-M82 (CANDU Concrete Containment
CAN/CSA-285.3 (Requirements for Containment System Systems), 159
Components in CANDU Nuclear Power Plants, 171, 176 CAN/CSA-N287.2 (Material Requirements), 178
CAN/CSA-N285.3-88 (CANDU Containment Systems), 159 CAN/CSA-N287.3 (Design Requirements), 178
CAN/CSA-N285.4 (Periodic Inspection of CANDU Nuclear CAN/CSA-N287.4 (Construction, Fabrication, and Installation
Power Plant Components, 174, 181185, 187 Requirements), 178
CAN/CSA-285.4-94 (Periodic Inspection of Primary Nuclear CAN/CSA-N287.5 (Examination and Testing Requirements), 178
Systems), 159 CAN/CSA-N287.6 (Preoperational Proof and Leakage Rate
CAN/CSA-N285.5 (Periodic Inspection of CANDU Nuclear Testing Requirements), 178, 186
Power Plant Containment Components), 174, 176, 181, 184, CAN/CSA-N287.7 (Inservice Examination and Testing
185, 187 Requirements for Concrete Containment Structures for
CAN/CSA-N285.5-M90 (Periodic Inspection of Containment CANDU Nuclear Power Plants), 178179, 184, 185186
Components, Metallic and Plastic), 184 Appendix (Annex) A, 186
CAN/CSA-N285.6 Series (Reactor Core Internals, Material Appendix (Annex) B, 186
Fabrication and Testing), 159 Appendix (Annex) C, 186
CAN/CSA-N285.6 (Material Standards for Reactor Components Appendix (Annex) D, 186
for CANDU Nuclear Power Plants), 174, 176177 CAN/CSA-N287.7-96 (Periodic Inspection of Containment
CAN/CSA-N285.6, revision, 177 Components, Concrete and Structural), 159
CAN/CSA-285.6.1 (Pressure Tubes for Use in CANDU Fuel CAN/CSA-N288 (Environmental Radiation Protection), 163
Channels), 177, 187 CAN/CSA-N289 (Seismic Qualification of CANDU Nuclear
CAN/CSA-N285.6.2 (Seamless Zirconium Alloy Tubing for Power Plant Structures and Systems), 159, 163, 171, 179
Reactivity Control Units), 177 CAN/CSA-N289.1 (General Requirements for Identification and
CAN/CSA-N285.6.3 (Annealed Seamless Zirconium Alloy Tubing Qualification), 179
for Liquid-Injection System (LISS) Nozzles), 177 CAN/CSA-N289.2 (Ground Motion Determination), 179
CAN/CSA-N285.6.4 (Thin-Walled, Large-Diameter Zirconium CAN/CSA-N289.3 (Design Procedures), 179
Alloy Tubing), 177 CAN/CSA-N289.4 (Testing Procedures), 179
CAN/CSA-N285.6.5 (Zirconium Alloy Wire for Fuel Channel CAN/CSA-N289.5 (Instrumentation, Inspection, and Records), 179
Spacers), 177 CAN/CSA-N290 (Safety and Safety-Related Systems), 163
CAN/CSA-N285.6.6 (Nondestructive Examination Criteria for CAN/CSA-N291 (Safety-Related Structures), 163
Zirconium Alloys), 176 CAN/CSA-N292 (Waste Management), 163
CAN/CSA-N285.6.7 (Zirconium Alloy Design Data), 176177 CAN/CSA-N293 (Fire Protection), 163
CAN/CSA-N285.6.8 (Martensitic Stainless Steel for Fuel Channel CAN/CSA-N294 (Decommissioning), 163
End Fittings), 177 CAN/CSA-Z180.1 (Compressed Breathing Air and Systems), 162,
CAN/CSA-N285.6.9 (Materials for Supports for Pressure-Retaining 170
Items), 177 CAN/CSA-Z299 (Canadian Quality Control Program), 168
CAN/CSA-N285.8 (Flaw Evaluation of CANDU Zirconium CAN/CSA-Z305.1 (Nonflammable Medical Gas Piping Systems),
Alloy Pressure Tubes), 159, 181, 187 162, 170
Annex A, 186 CAN/CSA-Z305.3 (Pressure Regulators, Gauges, and Flow-Metering
Annex B, 186 Devices for Medical Gases), 170
Annex C, 186 CAN/CSA-Z662 (Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems), 162, 170, 403,
Annex D, 186 405406
Annex E, 186 Appendix N, 376377
CAN/CSA-N286 Series (Quality Assurance Program CAN/CSA-Z662-03 (Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems), 159, 170171
Requirements), 159, 163, 177178 Appendix K, 400
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 695

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 695

CAN3-Z305.4 (Qualification Requirements for Agencies Testing piping, circumferential flaws, 118119
Nonflammable Gas Piping Systems), 170 piping, flaw evaluation, 118, 127
CAN/ULC-S603.1 (Galvanic Corrosion Protection Systems for pressure equipment, EN 13445, 328
Underground Steel Tanks), 169, 189 for pressure equipment, French codes, 201202, 236237, 242, 250
RMA IP-2 (Rubber Manufacturers Association), 170 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311, 324, 329
Canadian Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) reactor design and for pressure equipment, U.K. and PED codes, 311
licensing basis, 159 for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 282283, 287, 297
CANDU Owners Group (COG), 187 reactor vessel head, 84
CANDU 6 reactor, 163165, 169 for transport tanks, 359, 365
concrete containment structures, 178 weldments, piping, circumferential flaws, 118119
design, 163 Carbon steels, specific types
fuel channel assembly, 164165 SA-106, Grade B, 16
power reactors, 171 SA302Bmod, 16
Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB), 160 SA 302B, plates, 16
testing and construction materials standards, 162163 SA-333, Grade 6, 16, 115
Canadian non-nuclear standards, 162 SA-376 304N, 81
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), 159, 171 A508, 28
Canadian nuclear standards, 163 SA-508 class 2, 81
Canadian Registration Numbers (CRNs), 159, 169 SA-516, Grade 70, 16
Canadian standards A533B, 28
NRCC 38726 (National Building Code of Canada), 179, 189 SA533B, plate, 16
NRCC 38727 (National Fire Code of Canada), 189 Carlsbad, New Mexico pipeline incident, 371, 374
Canadian Standards Association (CSA), 160 Carrier, 337
annexes, nonmandatory and mandatory, 162 Cask code, Japanese codes, 289290
boiler and pressure vessel standards development, 161 Cask design
CSA-SDP-2.1-99, 188 for Type B radioactive materials, 348
CSA-SDP-2.2-98, 188 Casks, shipping, for radioactive materials, 340, 343345, 347
format and structure of standards, 161162 CASS. See Cast austenitic stainless steel.
headquarters address, to obtain standards, 168 Cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS)
non-nuclear boiler, pressure vessel, and piping design and irradiation embrittlement in, 59
construction standards, 168171 thermal aging embrittlement in, 59
nuclear boiler and pressure vessel design and construction Castings, European standards, 236
standards, 171181 Cast stainless steel, piping, fracture evaluation (Japanese codes), 281,
nuclear boiler and pressure vessel inservice inspection standards, 284
181187 Cast steel, in pressure equipment, 157
nuclear standards, 161162 Categorization of components strategy, 59
Nuclear Strategic Steering Committee (NSSC), 163 Category 0, 131, 133, 134
publications and updates, 162 Category I, 131, 133136, 138, 143, 147, 153
standards developing process, 160161 Category II, 131138, 140, 143, 147, 152, 154
technical committees (TCs), 160 Category III, 133138, 140, 142-143, 147, 152, 154
CSA N285B Technical Committee, 181 Category IV, 133138, 140, 142143, 145, 152, 154
CSA N287 Technical Committee, 180, 185 Cathodic protection
Web site and headquarters address, 160 for pipeline system assessment, 391394
Canadian Transportation Safety Board, 372 for pipeline systems, 413, 410411, 412414
CANTEACH Web site, 166, 189 for pipeline systems, calculation of resistance values, 413414
Capacity certification test report, 173 for pipeline systems, monitoring of, 415416
Carbides, 1617 CAVS. See Crack arrest/advance verification system.
PWSCC and density of, 68 CCDP. See Core damage probability.
Carbon, alloy presence and PWSCC, 67 CCV. See Concrete containment vessels.
Carbon-manganese steels CDA. See Copper Development Association.
fast breeder reactor material, 251 CDF. See Core damage frequency.
for industrial piping, French codes, 223224 CE. See Combustion Engineering.
for pressure equipment, French codes, 201202, 236237 CEA. See Commissariat lEnergie Atomique.
for pressure equipment PD 5500 (U.K.), 311312 CEDM. See Control element drive mechanism.
Carbon steels CEGB. See British Central Electricity Generating Board.
boiling water reactor piping, 16 CEN (European Standardization Body for Mechanical Equipment),
for containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346 144, 150
dissimilar metal welds, 63 represented in Working Group Pressure Standing Committee, 144
environmental fatigue effects, 21 standard, 324
fatigue life in high-temperature reactor water, 21 Central Electricity Generating Board Reports
for industrial piping, French codes, 223224 R/H/R6, 114, 127
J estimation, 114115 R/H/R6, Revision 3, 121, 127
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 696

696 Index

CERCLA. See Comprehensive Environmental Response, tensile strength causes, 67


Compensation, and Liability Act. in top head nozzles, 7273
Certificate of Authorization (ASME), 169 Circumferential reference flaw, 4849
Certificate of Compliance (CoC), 350355 Circumferential welds
Certificate of Conformity, 136, 144, 156 assumed axial flaws in, 49
Certification, CANDU nuclear power plants, 174 BWR reactor pressure vessel examination requirements, 8
Certified Individual (CI), 365366 BWR reactor pressure vessel failure frequency, 8
CFER Technology, 384, 385 BWR shroud cracking, 2
CFR. See United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Civil Aeronautic Law, 260
Code of Federal Regulation. Cladding, 52, 56, 65, 66, 153, 460
CGR. See Crack growth rate. alloy 65, 66, 69
CGSB. See Canadian General Standards Board. alloys 82/182 crack detection, 70
Change-in-risk evaluation, 96 alloys 82/182 used for, 65
Charpy energy curve, 125 corrosion-resistant, 17
Charpy KV tests, pressure equipment, French codes, 235 stainless steel, on inside of pressurized water reactor vessel top
Charpy V-notch (CVN) absorbed energy, 118 head, 74
Charpy V-notch (CVN) impact test, 54 stress corrosion cracking initiation, 25
carbon steels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 Class 1 components, 174
fracture toughness transition due to temperature, 50 ASME Code requirement development, 103
monitoring changes in fracture toughness, 45 austenitic stainless steel piping, 26
of pressurized water reactor vessel materials, 44 BWR intervals, 1
surveillance data, 5051 design control provisions, 102
transport tanks, 359360 as high-safety significant (HSS), 100101
Charpy V-notch (CVN) upper shelf energy (USE), 15, 121, 124 piping, flaws and continuing service, 18
pipeline systems, 397, 400 piping, RI-ISI requirements, 9497
Check valves piping, Section XI inspections, 94
high-safety significant (HSS), testing strategy for, 100 piping, structural factors, 118
low-safety significant (LSS), 100 reactor coolant pressure boundary structures, systems, and
RI-IST, 100 components, 99
Chemical attack, of pressure equipment, 153 transport tanks, 366367
Chemical plants, 110, 168 Class 2 components
Chemical resistance, pressure equipment conformance, 143 ASME Code requirements development, 103
Chemical testing, 248 austenitic stainless steel piping, 26
Chemical Volume and Control System (CVCS), risk-informed safety high-safety significance, 101
significance, 100 piping, RI-ISI requirements, 9497
Chinese Daya Bay 1 and 2 contract, 193194 piping, structural factors, 118
Chinese nuclear power plants, 193194, 293 reactor coolant system SSC makeup, 99
Chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking, 6364 transport tanks, 366367
Chromium, solution heat treatment (SHT) and, 17 Class 3 components
Chromium alloys, for use in PWR vessels, 6364 ASME Code requirement development, 103
Chromium carbide, 66 austenitic stainless steel piping, 26
boundary deposition in PWHT, 63 high-safety significance, 101
Chromium concentration, susceptibility to PWSCC and, 6667 piping, RI-ISI requirements, 9497
Chromium-molybdenum steels piping, structural factors, 118
fast breeder reactor material, 251 reactor coolant system, SSC function of removing heat from
for industrial piping, French codes, 222223 support system, 99
for pressure equipment, French codes, 201203, transport tanks, 366367
236237, 241 Class CC (concrete containment) components, 99
Chromium-molybdenum-vanadium steels Class MC (metal containment) components, 99
for industrial piping, French codes, 222 Cleanliness, French codes, 253
for pressure equipment, French codes, 201203, 236237, 251 Cleanup cost, crude oil pipeline break, 371
Chromium steels, for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 287 CLERP. See Conditional large early release probability.
CI. See Certified Individual. Cleavage crack, from local brittle zone, 52
Circumferential cracks (flaws), 4, 15, 18, 49, 6970, 118120 Clock Spring(tm) repair, 404405
in boiling water reactor (BWR), 74 Closure plugs, 174
crack growth predictions for, 7677 CNRM. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
on control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles, 69 Committee on Nuclear Risk Management (CNRM).
flaw size for nozzle failure, 79 CNSC. See Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission.
nondestructive testing to determine, 73 Coal tar enamel coatings, for pipeline systems, 409413
in plate material, 15 Coatings, 143, 409413
in PWR RPV CRDM nozzles, 7475, 7778 for pipeline systems, property tests, 411412
in PWR RPV inlet/outlet nozzles, 74 pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 697

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 697

CoC. See Certificate of Compliance. 1514, 44


CODAP. See Code de Construction des Appareils Pression. 2260, 362
Code. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and OMN-1, 106
Pressure Vessel Code. OMN-3 (Risk Categorization), 103106, 112
Code allowable stress, 113 OMN-4 (Treatment of Check Valves), 103105, 112
Code Cases, 197 OMN-7 (Treatment of Pumps, Alternative Requirements for Pump
on environmental fatigue effects, 21 Testing), 103106, 112
evaluation and repair of stainless steel pipe cracking, 21 OMN-10 (Snubbers), 103106, 112
French codes, 197 OMN-11 (Treatment of Motor-Operated Valves), 103106, 112
proposed, environmentally assisted fatigue crack growth in a BWR OMN-12 (Treatment of Pneumatic and Hydraulic Valves),
environment, 22 103106, 112
risk-informed, 90 Code de construction des Appariels Pression (CODAP), 138, 139,
Code Cases, specific types 190, 191, 195198, 201203, 207208, 254255, 314, 316
N-47, 193 Code de construction de gnrateurs de VAPeur (COVAP), 191193,
N-XXX (Alternative Acceptance Criteria and Evaluation 195, 217218, 220, 224, 226, 234, 254255
Procedure for Ferritic Steel Component Flaws, Upper Shelf Annexes, 201, 222
Range), Revision 4, 124, 128 links with PED, 217, 229
N-432, 19, 27 nominal design stress, 213, 221
N-463, 118, 127 Part G, overheating risk of boilers, 217
N-494, 119, 121, 128 vs. Section I, 224
N-504-2, 27, 86 (Revision 3), 21 Code de construction de Tuyauteries Industrielles (CODETI), 139,
N-512, 1516, 26 191193, 195220, 254255
N-560 (Alternative Examination Requirements for Class 1, annexes, 212
Category B-J Welds), 94, 95, 111 Category A, 212, 220222
Method B (Risk-Informed Process), 95 Category B, 212, 220222
Table of Examining Categories for Category B-J, Class 1 Piping, Category C, 212, 220222
96 Category D, 212, 220222
N-560-1, Method A (Risk Ranking of Pipe Segments), 94 Category Ex, 212, 216, 220222
N-560-2 (Alternative Examination Requirements for Class 1, conformity assessment procedures, 222, 233
Category B-J Welds), 94, 106 design, 208, 213, 215223
N-577 (Risk-Informed Requirements for Classes 1, 2, & 3 Piping, Division 1, 216
Method A), 9497, 99, 100, 106, 111 Division 1, scope, 209, 210
Table of Risk-Informed Piping Examinations, 97 Division 2, 216
N-577-1 (Appendix I), Method A, 9497, 106, 111 Division 3, 216
N-578 (Risk-Informed Requirements for Classes 1, 2, and 3 fabrication, 216, 229
Piping) materials, 212, 223, 228
Method B, 94, 95, 97, 111 Pressure Equipment Directive links, 209, 217
N-578-1 (Risk-Informed Requirements for Classes 1, 2 and 3 Testing and inspection, 223224, 231232
Piping) CODETI. See Code de construction de Tuyauteries Industrielles.
Method B, 94, 97, 106, 111 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). See United States Nuclear
N-578-1 (Appendix 1), Method B, 97 Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Code of Federal
N-588, 61 Regulations (CFR).
N-606-1, 13, 26 Code of Record of ASME Section III (Nuclear Vessels), design
N-629, 5354 risk-informed safety classification, 108
N-631, 5354 Code stamped devices, on Code Stamped Transport Tanks, 359
N-638, 19, 27 Code year, 174
N-640, 51, 53, 61 COG. See CANDU Owners Group.
N-641, 50 Cold leg temperatures, 67, 83
N-643, 22, 28 Cold springing stress, 18
N-648-1, 10, 26 Cold work, and Alloy 60 susceptibility to PWSCC, 68
N-660 (Risk-Informed Safety Classification for Use in Collapse, 403
Risk-Informed Repair/Replacement Activities), 98, 99, 100, by limit load, 113
108, 109, 112 of radioactive material packaging, 340341
N-662 (Alternative Repair/Replacement Requirements for Items Collars, 131
Classified in Accordance with Risk-Informed Processes), Combination impact group assessment, 95
98103, 113 Combined tension and bending, of cylinders, 115116
N-662(3)(a), 101 Combustion Engineering (CE)-designed PWR plant, 6466
N-720, 108 Combustion Engineering (CE) Marking, 129131, 133134, 136,
N-722 (Additional Examination for PWR Pressure-Retaining 138, 141, 143, 149
Welds in Class 1 Components Fabricated with Alloys Commercial grade classification, 98
600/82/182 Materials), 71 Commissariat lEnergie Atomique (CEA), 193, 195
N-722, para. 44.5.1, 72 Committee of Enquiry into the Pressure Vessel Industry (U.K.), 309
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 698

698 Index

Competent Authority, regulation of hazardous material transportation, Construction specifications, Canadian standards, 163
334 Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear (CSN), 568
Component Contact damage, causing pipeline incidents, 373
categories, 104 Containment boundary, definition, 185
failure, consequences of, 99 Containment building, 165, 461, 469, 528, 638, 644
failure potential, 99 Containment performance assessment, 95
metal fatigue of reactor coolant pressure boundary, 21 Containment surfaces, liner plate, 31, 34
Component designer, CANDU nuclear power plants, 172 Containment system, 348, 351, 502, 524, 651
Component risk categorization, 104 Containment vessels
Component safety categorization, 104 ferritic steel shipping containers, fracture toughness,
Companion, 25, 41, 333, 347, 355, 513 348, 356
Composite coatings, for pipeline systems, 409414, 416, 422 for radioactive materials, 345346, 355
Composite wrap repairs, pipeline systems, 404 structure, cutting access openings, 84
Compressive residual stress, 84 Contaminated material, 339
Compressive stress(es), 67, 83 disposal of, 438, 681
French codes, 246 earth, transportation of, 348
Computational fluid dynamics analysis, 6 Contamination, 355
Computational pipeline monitoring, 416 identifying sources of, 507, 523, 529, 531, 630
Computer programs, quality assurance, for CANDU nuclear power incidents in European countries, 434, 568, 604
plants, 177178 Continued crack growth condition, 115
CONCAWE. See Conservation of Air and Water Environment. Continuous venting, prohibition for radioactive material packages,
Concrete components 336, 352353, 355
load and resistance factor design (LRFD)/risk-informed methods, Control element drive mechanisms (CEDM)
108109, 112, 400 location, 65
use of load and resistance factor design methods, 108 nozzle, 64, 71
use of risk-informed methods, 110 Control rod drive (CRD), 31, 63, 65, 169
Concrete casks, 269270, 290, 443 boiling water reactor, cracking, 8
Japanese codes, 44, 257259 boiling water reactor, return line nozzles, 910
Concrete containment, tendon prestress, 31, 34 stub tube design, 12
Concrete containment vessels (CCV), Japanese codes, 269270, Control rod drive mechanism (CRDM), replacement, 84
287288 Control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles
Conditional large early release probability (CLERP), 100 alloy 600 use, 63
Condition monitoring programs, 59 in Babcock & Wilcox, Westinghouse-designed power
effects of aging and, 56, 5859 plants, 65
Conductivity, crack growth rate and, 24 boric acid leakage from, 69
Confidence/tolerance bound, 53 butt welds, examination of, 71
Confirmatory direct assessment, pipeline systems, 376 circumferential cracks, 67, 69, 70, 72
Conformity assessment modules, 131, 135136, 310 examination methods, 71
without quality assurance, 137, 172, 177, 178, 380 leak, 69
with quality assurance, 137, 172, 177, 178, 380 nickel-based alloys used, 6364
Conformity assessment procedures, 129131, 133, 135137s partial penetration welds, 72
boilers, French codes, 224, 253 probabilities of leakage and failure, 7980
industrial piping, French codes, 142, 191, 554 PWSCC in, 69
manufacturer responsibility, 138140, 144, 168 severe volume leakage,70, 7374
Conical shells, 312313 small volume leakage, 69, 7273
EN 13445 vs. PD 5500 (U.K.), 328330 top head, PWR vessel PWSCC, 63
Consequence assessment, ranking, 328 type of cracking observed, 7173
Conservation integrals, 328 Control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzle-to-head welds,
Conservation of Air and Water Environment (CONCAWE), 372 PWSCC of, 69
Constant amplitude stress, pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 320 Coolant
Construction for CANDU reactor, 159160
boilers, French codes, 222 in hypothetical accident conditions, 288, 292, 336, 338, 339, 341,
industrial piping, French codes, 142, 191, 553554 345
nuclear boiler and pressure vessels, Canadian standards, 168, 171, Coordinated Research Project (CRP) of IAEA, 352
253, 337, 655, 679 Copper
Construction code, 101 content, probability of vessel failure and, 55
alternatives, 102 content, upper shelf life and, 15
fracture toughness requirement, 102 for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 258259
technical requirements of replacement, 102 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Construction materials, Canadian standards, 163 transition fracture toughness temperature shift, 54
Construction of spent nuclear fuel storage, 268269, 345 Copper-64, 363
Construction products, New Approach Directive, 145 Copper-67, 363
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/6/09 12:43 PM Page 699

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 699

Copper alloys pipeline system breaks, 372


for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 258 reporting minimal changes vs. preparing license amendments, 387
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311 COVAP. See Code de construction des gnrateurs de VAPeur.
Copper Development Association (CDA), 162 Covers, 131
Core damage Crack. See also Flaws.
assessing risk of, 84 hydrogen water chemistry for, 17
reducing risk, 83 stress improvement remedies for, 17
Core damage frequency (CDF), 8 through-wall circumferential in pipe, 115117
component high-safety significance and, 100 Crack arrest, 53, 69, 245
estimating, 99 Crack arrest/advance verification system (CAVS), 24
Level 1 PRA analysis for, 96 Crack detection, in boiling water reactors, Japanese codes, 278
probabilistic risk-assessment (PRA) Standard, 111 Crack driving force J, 115, 122123
ranking according to contribution to, 90 Crack growth, 115116
Core damage probability (CCDP), 100, 525 attachment weld to vessel material, 13
Core flow, 6 BWR evaluations, 6
predicted crack lengths for, 6 changes in pH and, 68
Core meltdown due to cyclic loading, 33, 647
initiators, 89 due to irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking
from loss of coolant accident, 89 (IASCC), 60
operator error, 89 due to SCC, 5, 22
from transients, 89 dynamic, 5253
Core plate, BWR reactor intervals, 1, 6 environmentally-assisted, 22, 28
Core reactivity control, 74 in feedwater nozzle, 8-9
Core spray safe end to safe-end extension weld overlay, 19 fracture mechanics analysis, 24
Core support attachments, 66 hydrogen concentration, 6768
Core weld, BWR shroud designations, 3 lithium concentration, 68
Correction factor, 34, 3738 predicting, 84, 126, 397, 450
Corrective maintenance, 84 PWSCC in alloy 600 in PWRs, 69, 79
Corrosion vessel-to-shroud support weld, 14
age evaluation of, 33 welding residual stress contributing to, 7778
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 173 Crack growth rate (CGR)
causing pipeline incidents, oil and gas pipelines, 419, 421 in alloys 82/182 reactor vessel outlet nozzle butt welds, axial
piping failure, 96 cracks, 70
pressure vessels, EN 13445, 324 in BWR jet pumps, 4
pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319 BWR stainless steel intervals, 23
zirconium alloys, 159 in BWR water environment, 23
Corrosion allowance, in pressure equipment, 152 effect of hydrogen on PWSCC, 80
Corrosion control effect of lithium on, 82
Canadian standards, 172, 405-407, 409, 423 effect of temperature reduction on, 82
Pipeline systems, 405407, 409, 423 effect of zinc on PWSCC, 83
Corrosion defects, in pipeline systems, assessment, 395400, 403 irradiation and, 1
Corrosion fatigue monitoring, 24
as pipeline failure mode, 387, 507, 511513 and plant monitoring, 20
of pressure vessels, 11 prediction model, 22
Corrosion inhibitors, 372 probability of PWSCC on alloy 600 in PWRs, 86
Corrosion protection, for pressure vessels, 169 reduction in, 23
Corrosion-related cracking, CANDU nuclear power plant Cracking
components, 181 from aging, 57-58
Corrosion resistance causing pipeline incidents, 373
of alloy 600 in high temperature water environments, 63 detecting effects of, due to aging, 59
of pressure equipment, 151 Crack initiation, 9, 20, 25, 33, 55, 6768, 113, 303
pressure equipment conformance, 142 compared to P-T limits for normal cooldown transient, 55
Corrosion-resistant cladding (CRC), of stainless steel piping, 17 in feedwater nozzles, 9
Cost modeling software, 87 irradiation embrittlement and, 59
Costs and primary water stress corrosion cracking, 63, 86-87, 94, 684
certificate of compliance holders, for recordkeeping and reporting P-T limit and deterministic analysis of conditional vessel failure,
regulations, 354 56
of Davis Besse RPV head wastage, 84 rate in alloy 82/182 PWSCC in butt welds, 70
of decommissioning a nuclear facility, 439, 590, 661 residual stresses and, 67
of NRC to monitor certificate holders and applicants, 354 steam-dryer-support-bracket, 14
pipeline corrosion damage, 399 Crack length, 115, 126, 396
pipeline system assessment methods, 386, 395-396 Crack-like discontinuities, French codes, 245247, 264, 266
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 700

700 Index

Crack mouth opening displacement, 115 Cyclic loading, 20


Crack propagation, 4, 25, 28, 77, 509, 516 crack initiation/growth, 33
due to fatigue in low alloy and stainless steels, 69 for nuclear reactor vessels, 65
dynamic loading and, 51 Cyclic pressure tests, 397
fatigue, 4 Cylinders, circumferential through-wall flaws, 115116
to through-wall, 73 Cylindrical shells
Crack stability, 44, 74, 122, 123 PD 5500 vs. EN 13445, 327
Crack tip as pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 299, 300
plastic deformation, 66
strain rate, 22-23 D&D. See Decontamination and decommissioning.
Crack tip opening displacement (CTOD), 113114, 400 Dampers, 169
Crack tip stress intensity factor, 44 Damping constant, 295, 300
Crack tip temperature, 124 Dangerous goods, definition, 357
Creep, 139, 152, 157, 159, 186, 448 Data analysis, 93
Creep design, pressure vessels, EN 13445, 324 Davis Bacon Act (DBA), 202, 222, 326, 488, 494, 528
Creep regimes Davi-Besse nuclear power plant
French codes, 252 costs of RPV head wastage, 84
Japanese codes, 275 cross-section through reactor vessel head, 75
Creep rupture top head boric acid corrosion, 6970, 7376
boilers, French codes, 212 Daya Bay nuclear power plant, China, 193194, 255
industrial piping, French codes, 198 DBA. See Davis Bacon Act.
pressure vessels, 188 DBA. See Design by analysis.
Creep rupture strength, industrial piping, French codes,213, 220 DBE, 32
Creep rupture stress, French codes, 312 DBF. See Design by formula.
Creep-strain laws, French codes, 251 DC. See Direct current.
Crevice corrosion, age evaluation, 33 DCRC. See Design and Construction Rules Committee.
Crevice corrosion cracking, 17 DCVG. See Direct current voltage gradient method.
Critical flaw size, 59 DE. See Designated equipment.
feedwater nozzle, 9 Deactivation (or Transition) Plan, for decommissioning, 425
Criticality safety, 342, 350, 351, 353, 447 Dead weight loading, 67
Criticality Safety Index (CSI), 350, 351, 353 Declaration of Conformity, 311
Critical stress, ferritic steels at lower shelf, 113, 374 Decommissioning, definition, 661
Critical zones, of pressure equipment, 152 Decommissioning of nuclear facilities, 656, 661
CRC. See Corrosion-resistant cladding. characterization planning, 428
CRD. See Control rod drive. clearance criteria, 642
CRDM. See Control rod drive mechanism. decontamination, 637
CRN. See Canadian Registration Numbers. demobilization, 390
CRP. See Coordinated Research Project. demolition of nonradioactive structures, 479
Crush test, 350, 353 evaluation of alternatives, 681
for Type B radioactive materials packaging, 345350, 447, 478, evaluation of technologies, 388
681 facility characterization, 428
Cryogenic Cargo Tanks, 358 license termination, 420
Cryogenic portable tanks, 358, 361, 364, 367 life cycle factors, 425
Cryogenic temperatures, fusion reactors, Japanese codes, 293 management team, 428, 430431
CSA. See Canadian Standards Association. operations phase, 344
CSA Info Update, 158 operations phase, NRC license termination plan, 344345
CSI. See Criticality Safety Index. operations phase, work scope activities, 344
CTOD. See Crack tip opening displacement. phase of, 344
CUF. See Cumulative usage factor. post-decommissioning, 425
Cumulative usage factor (CUF), 20, 34, 180, 306 pre-planning, 378
Curies, 342344 pre-planning regulatory requirements, 378379
Current licensing basis (CLB), 3233, 35, 39 public and stakeholders participation program, 357358
design load, 58 quality assurance requirements, 352
detection of aging effects under, 58 plan, decommissioning cost planning, 590
extended operation maintenance and, 58 plan, decommissioning project plan (DP), 643, 661
Cushion tanks, Canadian standards, 169170 plan, identification of detailed activities, 523
CVCS. See Chemical Volume and Control System. plan, preparation of, 531
CVN. See Charpy V-notch upper-shelf energy (USE). plan, project schedule, 530
CVN. See Charpy V-notch energy. plan, project scope, 530
CWA. See Clean Water Act. planned decommissioning details, 590
Cyclic bending stress, 14 records, 541
Cyclic events, design specifications and fatigue, 20 removal/dismantling, 567
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 701

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 701

risk analysis, 533 Design and Construction Rules for Civil Works of PWR Nuclear
Security program, 421 Island (RCC-G), 191, 194, 255
site restoration, 257 Design and Construction Rules for Electrical Equipment of Nuclear
Table 55.1 (NRC and OSHA Regulatory Delegations), 299 Islands (RCC-E), 191, 194, 255
transition planning, 511 Design and Construction Rules for Fire Protection (RCC-I), 194
waste management, 685 Design and Construction Rules for Fuel Assemblies of Nuclear
worldwide liability, 655 Power Plants (RCC-C), 191, 194, 255
Decommissioning Operations Contractor (DOC), 659 Design and Construction Rules for Mechanical Components of FBR
Decommissioning Plan (DP), 590, 659 Nuclear Islands (RCC-MR), 191196, 245, 250253, 255
Decommissioning Trust Fund (DTF), 681 appendices, 243
DECON alternative, 636 Appendix A10, 251
DECON plan, 637 Appendix A11, 251
Decontamination, of nuclear facilities, 590, 656, 661 Appendix A1 2, 251
Decontamination and decommissioning (D&D), 590, 656, 661 Appendix A1 6, 251
Deep water immersion test, radioactive material packaging, 390, 425, class 1 pressure components, 251
590, 656, 661 class 2 pressure components, 251
Defect removal, 101 Design and Construction Rules for Mechanical Components of PWR
Defense-in-depth principles, 58 Nuclear Islands (RCC-M), 253254
Deformation, weld-induced PWSCC of alloy 600, 66 vs. American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code, 254, 264,
Deformation plasticity-based J-integral analysis, 126 281
Deformation plasticity failure assessment diagram (DPFAD) method, ANNEX ZK (Inservice Surveillance Modification), 228
114, 118121, 123 Appendix S.I, 248
Defueling, as part of decommissioning of nuclear facilities, 656, 661 Appendix S.II, 248
De-gas line nozzle, 65 Appendix S.III, 248
Degradation mechanisms of piping, 96 Appendix Z IV, 243
inservice inspection, 94 Appendix ZA (Reinforcement of Opening), 238, 242
piping classification and active, 94 Appendix ZD, 244, 245
piping segments, 97 Appendix ZE, 244, 245246
Degradation predictions, 7678 Appendix ZF, 244
DEIR. See Designated equipment inspection regulations. Appendix ZG, 244, 245
Delayed hydride cracking, 175, 183184, 187 Appendix ZH, 244245
Delivery pipeline, 372 Appendix ZS (Inservice Surveillance Provisions), 228, 247
Delta ferrite class 1 pressure components, design, 226, 237247
content, thermal aging embrittlement and, 59 class 2 pressure components, 226, 233, 242, 246247
requirements in weld reinforcement, 18 class 3 pressure components, 226, 233, 242, 246247
Demands for Information, 392 design and construction rules, 191192, 194197, 226, 255
Demolition, of nonradioactive structures, 479 documents covered in A.3000, 241
Dents, in pipeline systems, assessment, 396397 fabrication of parts, 247248
Department of Public Safety, New Brunswick, Canada, 168 1974 Order, 237238, 239, 244246
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) (U.K.), 309 vs. PED, 248
Department of Transportation Act, 338343 Design and Construction Rules for System Design, French Codes
Design (RCC-P), 194, 228
boilers, French codes, 217, 222-224, 225 Designated equipment (DE), 261, 263
Canadian oil and gas pipeline systems, 170 Classes 1 and 2, 261
CANDU nuclear power plants, 172174, 176 Designated equipment inspection regulations (DEIR), 259, 261, 267
CANDU nuclear power plants, seismic qualification, 179 Design basis, analysis, 104
criteria for the facility, 33 acceptance criteria of AMP taken directly from, 58
expansion bellows, 208 component requirements, 105
explicit safety factor of PWR reactor vessels, 43 events, 33, 173
EN 13445, 324329 for pressurized water reactors, 43
fast breeder reactors, French codes, 250 Design-by-analysis, 20, 202, 222, 246
French pressure equipment, 191192, 208 calculation of loads of shells, PD 5500 (U.K.), 320
industrial piping, French codes, 209, 226 concrete casks, 289
nuclear boiler and pressure vessels, Canadian standards, 168, 171, concrete casks, Japanese codes, 290
181 EN 13445, 326327
pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 310, 312318, 320323 Nuclear pressure vessels PD 5500 (U.K.), 323
pressure tubes, 174 Design by formula (DBF), 202, 222
pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 253254, 257260 Design-by-rule method, 314
of pressurized water reactor vessels, 43 PD 5500 (U.K.), 312
transport tanks, 360364 Design damping constant, 294295
tubesheet heat exchangers, 208 Design documentation, CANDU nuclear power plants, 172
Design and Construction Rules Committee (DCRC), 193 Design factor (Japanese), 267, 269, 271, 275, 287, 307
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 702

702 Index

Design fatigue analysis, 35 DOC. See Decommissioning Operations Contractor.


Design fatigue usage factor, 35 Documentation
Design pressure, 314, 316317, 325 justification of solutions adopted for ESRs, 147
Design of indian pressurized heavy water reactor components 316 material certification of pressure equipment, 143
Design specification, 20 DOD. See United States Department of Defense.
use for dismantling planning, DOE. See United States Department of Energy.
Design stress, 314, 315 DOE/OCRWM. See United States Department of Energy, Office of
ferritic piping, 119 Civilian Radioactive Waste Management.
PD 5500 vs. EN 13445, 327 Donnells formula for cylindrical shells, 262263
Design stress intensity DOT. See United States Department of Transportation.
of containment vessels for radioactive materials, Double containment rule
pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286287 for plutonium, 344
Design temperature, 325 for plutonium, proposed rule elimination (1997), 349352
Design tensile strength, pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 287 for plutonium, rule elimination (1998), 349350
Design tensile stress, pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286287 for plutonium vitrified high level waste, elimination (1998 final
Design transients, 35 rule), 349350
Design yield strength, pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286287 DP. See Decommissioning Plan.
Destructive examination DPFAD. See Deformation plasticity failure assessment diagram.
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 187 DTF. See Decommissioning trust fund.
of commercial reactor pressure vessel welds, 52 DTI. See Department of Trade and Industry.
joint coefficients allowed, 139, 159 Dual-purpose packages, 354355
Destructive failure analysis, of alloy 82/182 butt weld leak, 69 Ductile cast iron, for metal casks, Japanese codes, 289
Deterministic fracture mechanics (DFM), 11 Ductile collapse, 113
as alternative nozzle weld evaluation, 1112 Ductile crack extension, 122123, 124125
predicting PWSCC on Alloy 600 in PWRs, 7678 Ductile fracture, of pressurized water reactor vessels, 48
Deterministic insights Ductile overload, 113
for component safety categorization, 103 Ductile tearing, 125126
low-safety significance classification, 100103 Ductility
Det Norske Veritas (DnV), 400 of pressure equipment, 143, 156
DnV RP-F101 method, 400 temperature and, 50
Deuterium ingress, zirconium alloys, 159 Dugdale elastic plastic strip yield model, 398
DFM. See Deterministic fracture mechanics. DUPIC. See Direct use of spent pressurized water reactor fuel in
DIAL. See Differential Absorption LIDAR. CANDU.
Differential Absorption LIDAR (DIAL), 417 Dupont, E.I., Savannah River Plant, 425
Differential thermal expansion Dye penetrant testing, 72
allowable stresses for reactor vessel components/structures, 67 Dynamic/arrest fracture toughness, crack propagation and, 51
clad-base metal, 51 Dynamic crack, 53
Diffusion treatment, French codes, 248 Dynamic crush test, 353. See also Crush test.
Dimensionless parameter h1, 115 of Type B radioactive material packages, 342, 345, 355
DIN standards, 259 Dynamic loads
Direct assessment, pipeline systems, 376377, 385, 393 crack propagation and, 51
Direct current (DC) potential technology, 24 of transport tanks, 357359, 365, 366, 368
Direct current voltage gradient (DCVG) method, for pipeline system Dynamic load test, bend of pipe, 297
assessment, 395
Directive (97/23/CE). See Pressure Equipment Directive. EA. See Environmental Assessment.
Direct use of spent pressurized water reactor fuel in CANDU EAF. See Environmentally assisted fatigue evaluation.
(DUPIC), 163 EAM. See European Approval of Materials.
Discontinuities, welds, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323 Earthquake(s)
Discontinuity formation, CANDU nuclear power plant components, piping seismic design codes, 294
185 PRA Standards and, 110
Discontinuity stresses, 124 Earthquake loads, public health risk, 14, 90
Dished ends, 312, 317 EC. See European Commission.
EN 13445, 327328 Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, 333
Dissimilar metal welds (DMW) ECP. See Electrochemical corrosion potential.
butt weld inspection requirements for, 72 Eddy current inspection/examination, CANDU nuclear power plant
examination methods, 72 components, 177
inspection of, 81, 83 French codes, 252
MSIP applied to PWR vessel nozzle, 83 as surface examination, 72
weld overlays, of wetted surface of each J-groove weld and RPV head penetration
Distribution pipeline, DMW. See Dissimilar metal weld. nozzle, 72
DN. See Nominal diameter. zirconium alloy components, 170171
DnV. See Det Norske Veritas. EDF. See Electricit de France.
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 703

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 703

EDM. See Electrodischarge machining. Reactor Internals Issue Task Group (RI-ITG), 57, 59
EDYs. See Effective degradation years. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Nondestructive (NDE)
Effective crack size, 113 Center, 72
Effective degradation Years (EDYs), 72 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Piping and Fitting
Effective fatigue life correction factor, 37 Reliability Program (PFDRP), 295, 296, 298
Effective flaw depth, 120 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Pressurized Water Reactor
Effective full-power years (EFPY), 72 (PWR) Primary Water Chemistry Guidelines, 82
Effective stress intensity factor, 120 Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Reports, 115
Efficiency diagram method, 236, 237 EPRI 1003557, 26
EFPY. See Effective full-power years. EPRI NP-719-SR (Flaw Evaluation Procedures), 61, 127
EFR. See European Fast Reactor studies. EPRI NP-1406-SR, 126
EGIG. See European Gas Pipeline Incident Data Group. EPRI NP-1931, 127
EJMA (Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association, Inc.) Standard, EPRI NP-2431, 128
264 EPRI NP-2671-LD, 25
Elastic analysis of nuclear reactor vessels, 509 EPRI NP-3319, 61
Elastic compensation method, 226 EPRI NP-3607 (Advances in Elastic-Plastic Fracture Analysis),
Elastic component of J, 115 127
Elastic instability pressure, 314 EPRI NP-4273-SR, 26
Elastic-plastic analysis, 119, 272275, 511 EPRI NP-4443, 27
of nuclear reactor vessels, 113126 EPRI NP-4665S-Sr, 85
of piping, 295296 EPRI NP-4690-SR (Flaw Evaluation in Austenitic Steel Piping),
Elastic-plastic ductile tearing, 118 127
Elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM), 113 EPRI NP-4767, 25
austenitic stainless steel piping, Japanese codes, 281 EPRI NP-4824M (Evaluation of Flaws in Carbon Steel Piping),
evaluation, 117 127
flow diagram, 119120 EPRI NP-4824SP (Evaluation of Flaws in Carbon Steel Piping),
techniques, 124125 127
Elastic stress analysis EPRI NP-5151, 61
methods for design analysis of concrete containment vessels, 287288 EPRI NP-5596 (Cylinders, Elastic-Plastic Fracture Analysis of
nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 309 Flaws), 127
Elastic stress intensity factor for an effective crack size, 115 EPRI NP-6045 (Evaluation of Flaws in Ferritic Piping), 127
Elastomer degradation, age evaluation, 33 EPRI NP-6301-D (Circumferential Throughwall Cracks), 25, 61,
Elastoplastic analysis, French pressure equipment, 243, 251 127
Electrical codes and standards, Canadian standards, 163 EPRI NP-6927-D, 26
Electrical equipment, New Approach Directive, 145 EPRI NP-7085-D, 27
Electrical equipment, nuclear power plant, environmental EPRI NP-7103-D, 27
qualifications, 31, 34 EPRINP-7492, 128
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), 22 EPRI NP-7493, 86
categorizing systems and components for inservice inspection (ISI) Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Technical Reports
programs, 100 EPRI TR-100251 (White Paper), 61
conditions causing high boric acid corrosion, 74, 75 EPRI TR-100852, 86
evaluation of draft radiation embrittlement trend equations, 54 EPRITR-101971, 28
NPV economic modeling software developed, 84 EPRITR-103345, 85
pipe cracking in BWRs, 17 EPRITR-103566, 86
piping reliability study, 294 EPRITR-103696, 86
primary water stress corrosion cracking causal testing, 68 EPRITR-103824, 86
probable rate of corrosion of low-alloy steel by boric acid, 74 EPRI TR-104030, 86
researching effect of zinc on crack growth, 80 EPRI TR-105396 (PSA Applications Guide), 111
risk-informed inservice testing, pilot program for snubbers, 100 EPRI TR-105406, 86
testing mechanical remedial measures for PWSCC of alloy 600 EPRITR-105696, 25
nozzles, 83 EPRITR-105873, 25
weld overlay repair studies, 18 EPRI TR-106589-VI (PWR Steam Generator Examination
white paper (Reactor Vessel Integrity Requirements for Levels A Guidelines, Revision 4, Vol.1: Guidelines), 189
and B conditions), 46 EPRITR-106712, 26
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Boric Acid Corrosion EPRI TR-108390-RI (Application of Master Curve Fracture
Guidebook, 74 Toughness Methodology for Ferritic Steel), 61
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Ductile Fracture Handbook, 48 EPRI TR-108709, 26
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)/General Electric (GE) EPRITR-110356, 28
project, 21, 22, 24 EPRI TR-112657 Rev. B-A (Revised Risk-Informed ISI
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) J estimation scheme, 114 Procedure), 9697, 111, 572
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Materials Reliability Electric Utility Industry Law, 258260, 263264, 266, 268
Program (MRP) Ordinance 51, 268
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 704

704 Index

Electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP), 3, 17, 2324, 67 Equivalent margin, review summary, 16
Electrode boilers, 156 Equivalent margin analysis, 1516
Electrodes, 17, 188, 286, 395, 597, 675 ERDA. See Energy Resource and Development Agency.
Electrodischarge machining (EDM), skim cutting, as remedial Erosion
measure for PWSCC, 83 of pressure equipment, 153
Electroless nickel plating, as remedial measure for PWSCC, 83 provision for, 102
Electrolytic plating, French codes, 253 Erosion/corrosion, fuel channel feeder pipes, 183
Electromagnetic compatibility, New Approach Directive, 145 ES&H. See Environment, safety, and health.
Electro mechanical nickel brush plating, as remedial measure for ESRs. See Essential safety requirements.
PWSCC, 83 Essential safety requirements (ESRs), 129130, 142144, 147
Electroslag, 1516 compliance with, 149156
Elevated temperatures of Pressure Equipment Directive, 130131, 133134, 137138
boilers, French codes, 237 ETC-M (EPR Technical Code-Mechanical Components), 193, 228
concrete containment vessels, 287 Ethylene oxide, 260
conformance of pressure equipment, 148 EU. See European Union.
fast breeder reactors, French codes, 250 Eulers formula for tubes, 262263
Japanese fast breeder reactor, 275 Euro Norm (EN), 255
pressure equipment conformance, 143144, 149 Euro Norm (EN) Standards, 192, 255
Elongation after rupture, in pressure equipment, 157, 311 revisions and new developments, 330
Embrittlement, 5051, 57 for steel, 149
Embrittlement trend curve prediction, 43, 5455 Euro Norm (EN) Standards, specific types
Emergency/faulted conditions, structural factor, 118 EN 286, 314
Emergency Operating Procedures (EOP), 100 EN 287 (Personnel), 140, 148, 312, 330
Emergency responders, 352 EN 287-1, 248
EN. See Euro Norm. EN 288 (Procedures), 330
Enbridge Pipeline, 388 EN 288 Part 3 (Procedure Testing for Steels), 212, 222
End fittings, 164165, 174, 177 EN 473 (Qualification of NDE Personnel), 140, 249, 526, 570,
Energy release rate, 114 590, 595, 596
Energy Resource and Development Agency (ERDA), 334 EN 571-1 (Penetrant Testing), 249
Enhanced immersion test, 323 EN 583 1-2-5 (Ultrasonic Testing/Examination (UT)), 249
Enquiry Case, 311 EN 895 (Tensile Tests), 249
Envelope defect, 245 EN 1043-1, 249
Environmental effects EN 1092, 316
causing PWSCC, 6668, 7778 EN 1418, 326
concrete casks, Japanese codes, 290 EN 1591 (Piping Flanges), 208, 216, 329
concrete containment vessels, Japanese codes, 287 EN 1594 (Functional Requirements for Pipeline Incident
on fatigue life, 39 Statistics), 372
fuel-handling equipment, CANDU nuclear power plants, 176 EN 1713 (Ultrasonic Examination, Welded Joints), 249
on high-CUF components, 37 EN 1759, 316
to initiate PWSCC in PWR, 76 EN 2650, 248
Japanese codes, 276 EN 10002-1, 249
pipeline systems, 372374 EN 10028 (Flat Products Made of Steels for Pressure Purposes,
of reactor coolant on components, 3435, 37 French Codes), 142, 236, 310, 311, 554, 555
seismic design, Japanese codes, 290, 294296, 298 EN 10160 (Ultrasonic Examination), 249
water and fatigue of pressure vessels, 212 EN 10204, 143, 554, 555
Environmentally-assisted cracking EN 10204: 2004-3.1, 143
fatigue crack initiation/growth, 24 EN 10204: 2004-3.2 Inspection Report, 143
as pipeline failure mode, 375, 390, 409 EN 10213, French codes, 236
of pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessels, 44 EN 10216, 142
stress-corrosion cracking, 24, 6768 EN 10222 (Steel Forgings for Pressure Purposes) (French codes),
Environmentally assisted fatigue (EAF) evaluation, 35, 37 236, 310
Environmental Standard Review Plan, 31 EN 10246 6-7 (Ultrasonic Examination, Tube Defects), 249
EOP. See Emergency Operating Procedure. EN 10307 (Ultrasonic Examination, Flat Products), 249
EPA. See United States Environmental Protection Agency. EN 12223 (Ultrasonic Examination), 249
EPFM. See Elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. EN 12668 1-2-3 (Ultrasonic Examination), 249
EPR studies (project), 23, 193, 228, 245, 247 EN 12952, 142, 311
ETC-M (Paper 2488), 253 EN 12953, 142, 311
EPRG. See European Pipeline Research Group. EN 13445, 142, 208, 254, 309, 310, 314, 316, 320, 324330, 537,
EPRI. See Electric Power Research Institute. 556, 558
EPU. See Extended power uprate. Annexes B and C, 326
Equivalency recommendation, 393 Annex G, 329, 330
Equivalent flat-bottom hole criteria, 249 Annex J, 329
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 705

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 705

Annex K, 329 Executive Summary of the Reactor Safety Study, 89


Annex Z, 325 Expansion bellows
EN 13445-2, 326 EN 13445 standard, 329
EN 13445-3, 208, 312, 326 French code design rules, 206208
EN 13480 (European Harmonized Standard for Piping), 142, 209, Expansion joints, 131, 216, 226, 262264, 267
556 Explosive atmospheres, equipment and protective systems, New
EN 15614-1 (Procedure Testing for Steels), 148 Approach Directive, 146
EN 29001, 253 Explosives for civil uses, New Approach Directive, 145
EN 45004, 138, 570 Extended operation
EN 45012, 138 existing nuclear facilities, 679
EN ISO 3452-2 (Testing of Penetrant Materials), 249 age management programs (AMPs) and, 58, 59
EN ISO 6506 1-2-3, 249 license renewal application for, 29, 57
EN ISO 6507 1-2-3 test, 249 standards to evaluate programs, 41
EN ISO 6508 1-2-3, 249 Extended power uprate (EPU), 6
EN ISO 9000, 136, 137, 228, 253, 538 External events, 91, 104
EN ISO 9001, 554, 555 probabilistic risk assessment for treatment of, 105
EN ISO 9606-4, 248
EN NF 287-1, 248, 554, 555 Fabrication
EN NF 288-1, 554, 555 CANDU nuclear power plants, 174
EN NF 288-3, 212, 222 failure due to defects in, 102
EN NF 10028-2 (Pressure Vessel Steels), 236 industrial piping, French codes, 228229
NF EN 1591, 216 inspections, Canadian standards, 169
NF EN 9606-4, 248 pressure equipment, EN 13445, 330
European Approval of Materials (EAM), 139, 142144, 148, 310 pressure vessels, French codes, 206208
European Parliament and Council, 131, 563 shipping containers for radioactive materials, 347
European Network for Inspection Qualification (ENIQ)519, 520, 524, transport tanks, 358, 365
529532, 568570, 574, 590, 629 FAC. See Flow-assisted corrosion.
European Commission (EC), 130, 138, 142, 144, 375, 529, 530, 531, Factor MF, 122
536, 593 FAD. See Failure assessment program.
chairing Working Group Pressure Standing Committee, 144 Failure analysis, 69, 96, 264, 265
Guiding Principles issued by, 142 Failure Assessment Diagram Procedure, 121
Web site, 130 Failure Assessment Program (FAD), two-criteria (CEGB), 117
European Commission (EC) Declaration of Conformity, 133, 144 Failure modes
European Commission (EC) Design Examination Certificate, 136, pipeline systems, 374
137 pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.) (EN 13445), 326
European Commission (EC) Type Examination Certificate, 136, 557 Faradays Law, 23
European Commission (EC) unit verification, 136 Fast breeder reactors (FBR), 59, 193
European consortium of gas pipeline companies (GERG), 417 French codes,193, 226, 250253
European Court, legal authority for implementing PED Guidelines, rules on design and construction (Japanese), 275
144 Fast fracture, French codes, 245, 247
European Data Sheet, 310 Fatality rate, from pipeline incidents, 371373, 421
EU 6th Framework Programmes, 582 Fatigue, 33, 34, 124
European Fast Reactor (EFR) studies, 193 crack propagation in low alloy and stainless steels, 69
European Federations, represented in Working Group Pressure environmental effects, 21, 34, 39
Standing Committee, 144 nozzles, PD 5500 (U.K.), 314
European Gas Pipeline Incident Data Group (EGIG), 372 as pipeline failure mode, 374
European Pipeline Research Group (EPRG), 397 in pressure equipment, 152
European Union (EU), 129131, 133, 138, 148, 149, 310, 545, 553 of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 310, 323
New Approach concept, 129 of supports, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
Examination categories, specific types Fatigue analysis, 34, 37
B-A (Vessel Welds), 6, 9698 of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346, 347
B-D (Full Penetration Welded Nozzles in Vessels), 10, 11, 673 French codes, 208, 243245, 251
B-F (Pressure-Retaining Dissimilar Metal Welds in Vessel Japanese codes, 271, 275, 287289
Nozzles), 72, 9698, 572, 573 seismic design, nuclear power plant piping, 296, 298
B-J (Pressure-Retaining Welds in Piping), 9498, 573 Fatigue crack growth, 24
B-N-1 (Interior of Reactor Vessel), 72 in boiling water reactor jet pumps, 45
B-N-2 (Core Support Structures), 1 vessel-to-shroud support weld, 14
B-N-3 (Removable Core Support Structures), 60 Fatigue crack growth analysis
B-O (Control Rod Housing Welds), 72 evaluation methods, 56
B-P (Pressure Retaining Components), 72, 98 reference curves: austenitic stainless steels in air environment, 21
C-F-1, 96, 97, 98 reference curves: austenitic stainless steels in water environment,
C-F-2, 96, 97, 98 2122
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 706

706 Index

Fatigue crack growth analysis (continued) in pressure equipment, 157


reference curves: ferritic stainless steels in air environment, 22 for pressure equipment, French codes, 223224
reference curves: ferritic stainless steels in water environment, 22 Finite element analysis, 296, 323, 507, 510, 644, 649
Fatigue crack growth model, 402 of boiling water reactor steam dryer failure, 6
Fatigue crack growth rate, 56, 9, 281 for calculating semi-elliptical crack depth, 47
Fatigue cracking for calculating stresses of high-pressure vessels, 47
boilers, French codes, 212 vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 177 for nuclear reactor vessels, 67
fitness-for-service code evaluation of BWR (Japan), 280, 286 of pipeline systems, 400402
industrial piping, French codes, 198 Finite element models (FEM), 5, 18, 35, 644
pressure vessels, 198, 205 Finland nuclear power plants, surveillance programs, 229
Fatigue crack initiation, 2024 Finland Olkiluoto 3 project, 193
Fatigue failure, 6, 20, 102 Fire conditions, 91
Fatigue life, 34, 37, 141 damage-limitation requirements, pressure equipment, 154
EN 13445 standard, 330 fire protection equipment, 30, 3233, 104
piping, Japanese codes, 295297 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) standard, 92
pipeline systems, 397 public health risk, 8990
pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 310, 323 Fired-heater pressure coils, 168, 170
reactor component, 15, 21 Fired or otherwise heated equipment, categorization, 134
Fatigue life correction factor, 37 Fired pressure vessels, 157
Fatigue monitoring program (FMP), 35, 3738 Firetube boilers, French codes, 217, 222, 236. See also COVAP.
Fatigue reduction factor, pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 322 Fissile Classes, 336338
Fatigue strain correction factors, 245 Fissile Class I, 338
Fatigue strength, of containment vessels for radioactive materials, Fissile Class II, 336, 337
346347 Fissile Class III, 336, 337
Fatigue strength/life-property curves (S/N curves), pressure vessels, Fissile material, 335338, 341,342, 344, 347, 349350, 352354, 356
PD 5500 (U.K.), 320321 Fissile-to-nonfissile mass ratio, 354
Fatigue strength reduction factor, 245, 596 Fitness-for-service code (Japanese Nuclear Safety), 276281
Fatigue usage, 21, 34, 37, 245 Fitness-for-service demonstrations, of pressurized water reactor
Fatigue usage factor vessel internals, 59
calculation of, 3435 FIV. See Flow-induced vibration.
seismic stress limiting requirements, 295, 298 Ferritic steels
FAVOR Code, pressurized thermal shock events, 56 allowable membrane stress, 144
FBE. See Fusion bonded epoxy coatings. allowable stresses, pressure equipment, 139
FBR. See Fast breeder reactor. dynamic or crack arrest condition, 53
Federal Aviation Act of 1958, 339 flaws in components operating in upper shelf range, 125
Federal Aviation Administration, 339 fracture toughness, 45, 50, 53
Federal Aviation Agency, 336337 in pressure equipment, allowable stresses, 157
Federal Aviation Regulations, 339 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Federal Highway Agency, corrosion costs and effects study in U.S., radiation embrittlement, 43
407 shipping container fracture toughness, 339
Federal Register. See United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission stress corrosion crack growth rate relationships, 26
(USNRC) Federal Register(FR). Ferritic stainless steels
Feedwater nozzle, 89, 1112, 24 environmental fatigue crack growth rate, 22
Feedwater System (FWS), 99 failure mechanism prediction, 116
Ferrite content, French tests for, 249 flaw evaluation, FFS code (Japan), 114
Ferritic-austenitic stainless steels, for industrial piping, French codes, for industrial piping, French codes, 191
203 piping, default material properties and Z factor, 212
Fiber-optic sensors, 417 piping, dissimilar metal weld overlays, 19
50 ft.-lb. regulatory requirements, 121 piping, flaw evaluation, 123
Fillet weld, 322 piping, Japanese codes, 243
Filling stations, Canadian standards, 168 piping, structural factors, 118
Film/rupture model, 23 for pressure equipment, French codes, 181
Film thickness measurement, coatings and liners of CANDU for pressure equipment, U.K. codes, 135
nuclear power plant components, 186 for transport tanks, 366
Filters, in scope of PED, 131 Ferrous materials
Final assessment/inspection, of pressure equipment, 154 for industrial piping, French codes, 191
Final safety analysis report (FSAR), 30, 3233, 5859, 539 for pressure equipment, French codes, 202
Financial planning, for decommissioning, for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 258
Fine-grained steels Flanges, 66, 131, 286, 312, 316, 317, 319, 329, 359, 363, 405, 416
allowable membrane stress, 144 bolted joints, PD 5500 (U.K.), 316, 319, 324
for industrial piping, French codes, 212 EN 13445 standard, 324
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 707

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 707

reactor vessel lower closure, use of alloy 600, 6366 Forge welding, 365
welded to alloy 600 nozzle, 65, 72, 82, 83 Forgings, European standards, 236
Flapper wheel surface polishing, as remedial measure for PWSCC, Form NIS-2 (Owners Report for Repair/Replacement Activity), 102,
83 541, 543
Flaring test, French codes, 249 Forms, sample, Canadian standards (Annex D), 163
Flat ends, EN 13445 standard, 329 Form X, 311
Flat plates and covers, for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 317 FR. See United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC)
Flattening test, French codes, 249 Federal Register.
Flaw (crack) Fracture, as pipeline failure mode, 374
allowable flaw size, 56, 78, 116, 280 Fracture design analysis, based on J integral, 114
axial, 14, 15, 17, 18, 49, 74, 118, 648 Fracture design handbook, 114
axial, leakage from, 17 Fracture mechanics analysis, 8, 9, 55, 400, 592, 646
axial, repair of, 81 for crack growth due to IASCC, 60
axial, through-wall in alloys 82/182 butt weld, 69, 73 flaw tolerance evaluation, 9
circumferential, 4, 15, 18, 49, 72, 74, 79, 118120, 279, 281, 648 for loss of toughness due to irradiation, 60
crack growth rate monitoring, 24 plant-specific, 9
critical size, component failure and, 73 of pressurized water reactor vessels, 45
depth, 9, 13, 47, 55, 118, 122, 123, 400 Fracture resistance, 113, 121, 124, 512, 596
distribution, 12, 80 Fracture-safe design, 43
effect on integrity of PWR vessels, 66 Fracture test specimen geometries, 114
elliptical, 265, 401 Fracture toughness
end-of-life size, 45 determining median, 53
evaluation methods, 24, 46, 112 of ferritic steel, 53, 348
evaluation methods of Section XI, 46, 76 French codes, restrictions, 230
fatigue crack growth, 4 irradiation and, 13, 45, 57, 59, 60
inspection and, 258, 263 in light-water reactors, 45
length, 3, 4, 11, 49, 451, 452 lower bound curves, 5254
as predicted failure mechanisms, 82 Master Curve approach, 43, 53, 581, 583
reference, 4449, 55, 56, 59, 262 monitoring changes in, 45
semi-elliptical surface, 4446 of nuclear pressure vessel steels, 114
shape factor, 48 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 281
size, 44, 51, 53, 56, 59, 72, 77, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118, 120, 124, protection against pressurized thermal shocks, 33
175, 262, 263, 448, 452 reduction in, due to aging, 57
surface, 10, 15, 47, 48, 50, 52, 56, 78, 120, 444 static loading and, 51
through-wall, 4, 9, 114116, 262, 450 temperature dependent, 50
Flaw acceptance criteria and evaluation, 10, 15, 124, 280 testing, 53
of carbon steel piping, 16, 573 transition temperature, 44, 53
Class 1 ferritic piping, 118 Fracture toughness curve index, 44
of ferritic piping, 118, 125, 281 Fracture toughness curves, referenced, 5053
Japanese nuclear power plant components, 269 Framatome-ANP, 677
of stability/instability, 126 Framatome-EDF teams, 194
Flaw removal, 80 Freeze plugging, 405
Flexure forces, concrete containment vessels, 269, 270, 287288 French association of design, construction, and inservice inspection
Flow-assisted corrosion (FAC), ISI programs for, 89 rules for nuclear island components (AFCEN), 191, 193197,
Flow-induced vibration (FIV), 46 246
Flow-sensitization, of piping failure and, 96 working groups, 197
Flow stress, 4, 18, 113, 117, 118, 265, 281, 374, 396, 398, 399, 400, French codes dealing with pressure equipment, 191
513 Annex FA 1 (Permissible welded joints), 205
definition, 118 design, 193
ferritic piping, 119 Figure 49.1 (CODAP Committee Structures), 192
Fluence, 3, 12, 15, 43, 45, 51, 54, 55, 57, 124, 499, 500, 643 Figure 49.2 (Initial Pragmatic Approach for Establishing RCC-M),
crack tip, 59, 124 193
embrittlement and prediction-trend curves, 43, 50 Figure 49.3 (Organization of French Nuclear Codes), 194
neutron, 45, 55, 450 Figure 49.4 (AFCEN Structure), 195
Fluoride-induced stress corrosion cracking (SCC), 25, 13, 20, 22, Figure 49.5 (Structure of Subsections of RCC-M and Relations
23, 24, 57, 63, 64, 83, 160, 161, 278281, 290, 373, 374, 386, among Sections), 196
387, 499, 500, 512, 526, 572 Figure 49.6 (Hazard Category Determination of a Vessel
Flux welds, failure mechanism, 118 Containing Dangerous Gas), 199
FMP. See Fatigue monitoring program. Figure 49.7 (Hazard Category Determination for Piping
Folias factor M (MT), 396, 398, 401, 402 Containing a Dangerous Gas), 218
For a Use of Nuclear Energy in 21st Century of Japan, 257 Figure 49.8 (Installation of Expansion Joints (Extracted from
Foreign national competent authority, 342, 343 Annex C3.A3)), 226
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 708

708 Index

French codes dealing with pressure equipment (continued) Table 49.35 (Materials for Boilers, Elevated Temperature
Figure 49.9 (Supports, Industrial Piping), 228 Considerations), 237
Figure 49.10 (Buried Piping, Industrial Piping), 228 Table 49.36 (Testing, Boilers), 238
Figure 49.11 (Dimensional Tolerances for Prefabricated Spools), Table 49.37 (Testing, Boilers), 239
229 Table 49.38 (Nondestructive Examination, Boilers), 240
Figure 49.12 (Set-on Branches with Reinforcing Ring), 230 Table 49.39 (Conformity Assessment Procedure, Boilers), 241
Figure 49.13 (Hazard Category for Heated Pressure Equipment, Table 49.40 (RCC-M: Correspondence Among Safety Class,
Overheating Risk), 234 RCC-M Class, and Operating Conditions), 241
Figure 49.14 (Firetube Boiler: Tubesheet Arrangements), 236 Table 49.41 (RCC-M Section 2 Structure), 242
Figure 49.15 (RCC-M Section 2 Structure), 242 Table 49.42a (Reactor Vessel Steel Comparison of Chemical
Figure 49.16 (Class 1 Design Rules and Nonmandatory Properties), 243
Appendices), 244 Table 49.42b (RCC-M Mandatory Appendices), 243
Figure 49.17 (Welding Qualification and Acceptance Criteria), 247 Table 49.43a (Reactor Vessel Steel Comparison of Impact Tests),
links with PED, 198 244
surveillance programs, 229 Table 49.44 (Correspondence among RCC-M B 3200, B 3500, and
Table 49.1 (French Pressure Equipment Codes), 192 B 3600 Criteria), 246
Table 49.2 (RCC-M Structure), 195 Table 49.45 (RCC-MR Technical Appendices), 250
Table 49.3 (Comparison of ASME Code Structure and French Table 49.46 (RSE-M Appendices), 252
Codes), 196 testing and inspection, 216
Table 49.4 (Contents of the RCC-MR Code), 197 French Association of Pump Manufacturers, 246
Table 49.5 (Risk Assessment for Pressure Vessels Falling Within French-German ETC-M rule, 253
the Scope of the PED), 200 French 1984 Order on Quality, 253
Table 49.6 (Risk Assessment for Pressure Vessels Beyond PED French Pressure Vessel Regulation, 254
Scope), 201 French Safety Authority, 193
Table 49.7 (Determination of the Construction Category in Fundamental Safety Rule, 197
CODAP), 202 Fundamental Safety Rule RFS V.2.C, 193
Table 49.8 (Nominal Design Stress in CODAP 2000 (Excerpt)), Safety Authority Decision, 197
203 French Standardization Organization (AFNOR-Association Franaise
Table 49.9 (Weld joint Efficiency, Pressure Vessels), 203 de Normalisation), 192
Table 49.10 (Material Grouping), 204 AFNOR/SNCT Codes, 195
Table 49.11 (205), 205 French Standard Series NF E 32-100, 217
Table 49.12 (Design Rules), 206 French transposing regulations, Decree 99-1046, 222
Table 49.13 (Tolerances on Branches), 207 FSAR. See Final safety analysis report.
Table 49.14 (Permissible Joints (Exerpt)), 210 Fuel bundle design, 163
Table 49.15 (Extent of Nondestructive Examination), 213 Fuel channels, 174
Table 49.16 (Conformity Assessment Interventions), 214 Fuel cladding, 164
Table 49.17 (Conformity Assessment Procedure Selection), 217 Fuel deposit, reduction in, 83
Table 49.18 (Risk Assessment for Piping Falling Within the Scope Fuel fabrication plants, 343
of PED), 219 Fuel reprocessing, 343
Table 49.19 (Risk Assessment: Additional Criteria, Industrial Full penetration welds, 52
Piping, Beyond PED Scope), 220 Functionality analysis, as aging management strategy, 60
Table 49.20 (Construction Category Determination in CODETI), Fuse holder, age management program (AMP), 39
220 Fusion bonded epoxy (FBE) coatings, for pipeline systems, 410
Table 49.21 (Nominal Design Stress, Industrial Piping), 221 Fussell-Vesely (FV), 106
Table 49.22 (Nominal Design Stress/Piping Categories, Beyond FV. See Fussell-Vesely.
Material Creep Range), 221 FWS. See Feedwater System.
Table 49.23 (Welded Joint Coefficient, Industrial Piping), 222
Table 49.24 (Material Grouping, Industrial Piping), 223 Gadolinium-159, 475
Table 49.25 (Steel Grades and Maximum Permissible Thickness in GALL Report. See Generic Aging Lessons Learned Report.
Relation to Construction Categories), 224 Galvanic corrosion
Table 49.26 (Safety Factors), 224 age evaluation, 33
Table 49.27 (Components, Industrial Piping), 225 as pipeline failure mode, 374
Table 49.28 (Flexibility Characteristic, and Flexibility and Stress pressure equipment conformance, 143
Intensification Factors), 227 GAO. See Government Accounting Office reports.
Table 49.29 (Dimensional Tolerances for Prefabricated Spools), Gas, in sense of PED, 133
229 Gas distribution systems, Canadian standards, 171
Table 49.30 (Nondestructive Testing, Industrial Piping), 231 Gaskets, 131
Table 49.31 (Conformity Assessment Procedures), 233 Gas pipeline systems, 170
Table 49.32 (Nominal Design Stress in COVAP), 234 Gas Research Institute (GRI), 395
Table 49.33 (Boiler Acceptance, Design Stresses, and Welded Joint Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), 18
Efficiency by Category), 234 Gas Utility Industry Law, 258
Table 49.34 (Material Grouping, Boilers), 235 Gathering system, definition, 372
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 709

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 709

GE. See General Electric. Harmonized European Product Standard, 139


GEIS. See Generic Environmental Impact Statement. Harmonized standards, 129, 137142, 147, 150
General corrosion, as pipeline failure mode, 407 Annex Z, 147
General Electric (GE), 27 definition, 150
Pipeline Solutions, 388 Hazard analysis, 140
General Electric (GE) Reports Hazard categories
GEAP-24098, 28 boilers, French codes, 208, 212, 217, 222224
GE-NE-523-A71-0594-A, Revision 1, 26 industrial piping, French codes, 191
NEDE-20364, 25 Hazard classes, transport tanks, 358
NEDO-21000, 26 Hazard identification, 138
NEDO-21821-A, 26 Hazardous material, 340
General Electric (GE) Service Information Letter 644, disposal of, 438
Supplement 1, 27 Hazardous Materials Regulations of the Department of
General Instruction (Canadian publication), 162 Transportation (49CFR171178), 339
General membrane stress, of pressure equipment, 157 Hazardous Materials Transportation Regulations (49CFR170190),
Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) Report (USNRC), 21, 338
2830, 42, 57, 61. See also United States Nuclear Regulatory Hazardous Material Transportation Act of 1990 (HMTA), 350
Commission (USNRC) Regulatory Guides, NUREG 1801 Hazard zone radius, 384
(GALL Report). HB test, 249
age management programs, 33, 3538 HCAs. See High consequence areas.
age management review (AMR), 32, 35 Heads
Appendix X.M1, 28 reactor pressure vessel bottom head, 73, 86
elements, 58-59 reactor pressure vessel top-head, boric acid corrosion, 86, 114
exceptions to, 33 reactor pressure vessel top-head, PWSCC cracking issue, 86, 124
purpose, 41 replacement, 84
reactor coolant environment effects on component fatigue Head vent nozzle, 65
life, 34, 37 Health physics (HP), 461
second GALL Report, 30 Heat-affected zone (HAZ)
system groupings, 32 cracked welds and, 18
Vol. 2 System, 38 cracking, 1-2
Generic Environmental Impact Statement (GEIS) for License impact testing, 249
Renewal of Nuclear Plants, 31 joining procedure qualifications, 140
Geographic information systems (GIS), database, 379 local brittle zones, 52
Geometry (deformation, caliper or band pigs), for pipeline system stress corrosion cracking initiated in cladding, 25
assessment, 391 toughness properties of circumferential welds, 49
Geotechnical issues, causing pipeline incidents, 373 weld sensitization in., 16
GERG. See European consortium of gas pipeline companies. of welds of pressure vessels, 26
German KTA provisions, 193 Heaters for chemical processes, 156
Girth weld, 17, 49 Heat exchanger examination, 108
GIS. See Geographic information systems. GL. See United States Heat exchangers
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Generic Letter. Canadian standards, 187
Glass, structural factors, 125 design, EN 13445, 324
Gouges, in pipeline systems, assessment, 396397 Japanese codes, 257
Grain size, French codes, 249 for pressure vessel components, French codes, 329
Grandfather clauses, radioactive material packaging, 340 in scope of PED, 131, 147
for special form radioactive material encapsulation, 340 Heat exchanger tubesheets
TS-R-1 provisions, 349353, 355 EN 13445 standard, 329
GRI. See Gas Research Institute. Japanese codes, 257
Grinding, for removal of surface flaws, 80 Heat-sink welding (HSW), of stainless steel piping, 17
Ground storage vessels, compressed natural gas, Canadian standards, Heat treated steel, 144
168, 170 Heat treatments
Group 1 gas, 133 French codes, 253
Group 2 gas, 133 of pressure equipment, 138, 141
Group VII transport group, 340 of pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 257261, 263
GTAW. See Gas tungsten arc welding. Heatup/cooldown limit curves, for pressurized water reactors, 43, 4951
Guidance Documents, 333 High alloy steels, 360, 365
Guiding Principles, 142 for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 259
Half-pipe coils, 318 High consequence areas (HCAs), of pipeline rupture, 375
Hanford and West Valley, 434 High consequence assessment, 100
Hardness testing High cycle fatigue, 6, 245
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 181 High-fatigue lines, limiting welds, 38
French codes, 253 High-level requirements (HLR), PRA Standards, 93
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 710

710 Index

High-level waste (HLW) borosilicate glass, 349, 356 Hydrogen cyanide, liquefied, 260
High-level waste (HLW) containing plutonium, 349, 355356 Hydrogen-induced cracking, 140
High Level Waste (HLW) Packages, 355 Hydrogen to fissile material atomic ratio (H/X), 335
High-pressure cylinders, for on-board storage of natural gas fuel for Hydrogen water chemistries (HWC), 3, 17
automobiles, Canadian standards, 168 Hydropneumatic tanks, Canadian standards, 169
High-pressure gases, definition, Japanese codes, 260 Hydrostatic pressure, PWR test limits, 45, 103, 155
High-Pressure Gas Safety Law (HPGSL), 258, 260 CANDU nuclear power plant components, 184
High Pressure Institute of Japan, 271 in pressure equipment, 157
High-pressure polyethylene units, reactors for, 261 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263
High-safety significant (HSS) components, 90, 96 Hydrostatic testing, 45, See also Hydro testing.
High-strength steels, for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 detecting PWSCC, 69
High temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR), 505506 pipeline systems, 376, 393
High-yield strength steels, 224 transport tanks, 366
HLR. See High-level requirements. Hydro testing, 376
HLW. See High-level waste. French codes, 253
HMR. See United States Hazardous Materials Regulations. pipeline systems, 376, 379, 393
HMTA. See Hazardous Material Transportation Act of 1990. of pressurized water reactor vessel, 45
Holiday, pipeline systems, 395 Hypothetical accident conditions, radioactive material incidents, 336,
Homeland security, risk-informed methods for protection, 89 338, 341
Homeland Security Act of 2002, 420 Hypothetical Accident Condition test, 339n
Hoop stress, 67, 315, 402 Hysteresis tests, piping, Japanese codes, 296
pipeline systems, 413
Hopper diagram, 324 IAEA. See International Atomic Energy Agency.
Hot cell test, 60 IASCC. See Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking.
Hot cracks, as PWSCC initiators, 67 IATA. See International Air Transport Association.
Hot isostatic pressing unit, 261 ICAO. See International Civil Aviation Organization.
Hot-leg nozzle, weld overlay repair, 81 ICC. See Interstate Commerce Commission.
Hot-leg pipe, 69 ICDA. See Internal corrosion direct assessment.
Hot leg welds, 72 ICI. See Incore instrument nozzle.
Hot-water boilers, 156 ICRP. See International Commission on Radiological Protection.
New Approach Directive, 144 ID. See Inside diameter examination.
Hot-water generators, 156 Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) Oversight Program,
Hot-water tanks, Canadian standards, 169 506
HP. See Health physics. IDCOR. See Industry Degraded Core Rulemaking program.
HPGSL. See High-Pressure Gas Safety Law. Identification, for Canadian standards, for pressure
HRC test, 249 equipment, 169
HSA. See Historical Site Assessment. IDP. See Integrated decision-making panel.
HSS. See High-safety significant segments. IEC. See International Electrotechnical Commission.
HSW. See Heat-sink welding. IEC. See International Energy Consultants, Inc.
HTGR. See High temperature gas-cooled reactor. IEEE. See Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Human factors, 104 IGSCC. See Intergranular stress corrosion cracking.
Human reliability analysis, 93 Inhibitors, for pipeline systems, 416
Hungarys sole Nuclear Power Plant 589 IHSI. See Induction heating stress improvement.
Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority (HAEA).589 ILI. See In-line inspection.
Hungarian regulatory rules 590591 Immersion tests, of radioactive material packaging, 416
HV 10 for welds test, 249 Immersion-type electrically heated boilers, 156
HV test, 249 IMP. See Integrity management plan.
HWC. See Hydrogen water chemistries. H/X. See Hydrogen to fissile Impact limiters, 345
material atomic ratio. Impact resistance, pressure equipment conformance, 141142
Hybrid containment vessels, Japanese codes, 288 Impact strength, pressure equipment conformance, 149
Hydraulic pressure test Impact testing, 144
EN 13445 standard, 329 French codes, 253
Japanese codes, 257 pressure vessels, Canadian standards, 169
of pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264, 266
Hydraulic valves, inservice testing using risk-insights, 105 radioactive material packaging, 292, 350356
Hydride blister formation, 183, 187 transport tanks, 365
Hydride cracking, 159 Imperfection, RCC-MR code, 251
Hydrogen Inaugural inspection, CANDU nuclear power plant components, 182
crack growth rate and concentration, 6768 INCO. See International Nickel Corporation.
pressurized water reactor primary coolant concentration, 85 Inconel alloys, 17, 63, 85. See also Nickel alloys, specific types;
refrigerated, hazard class, 358 Nickel-chromium alloys; Weld metals, specific types.
use in dissimilar metal weld overlays, 19 Incore instrument (ICI) nozzles, 65
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 711

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 711

Incremental collapse Inservice Inspection Rules for Mechanical Components of PWR


boilers, French codes, 222 Nuclear Islands (RSE-M), 254255
industrial piping, French codes, 209 appendices, 251252
pressure vessels, 200 classes 1, 6, components, 251
Indirect assessment, pipeline systems, 380, 386 Inservice testing (IST), 677
Indian phwr 635 plant-specific risk-informed decision making, 94, 106
Industrial code in korea:korea electric power industry code (kepic) of pumps, 108
674 risk-informed, 9092, 9496, 98112
Individual plant examination (IPE), for severe accident of snubbers, 105106
vulnerabilities, 33 of valves, 105
Individual plant examination of external events (IPEEE), 33 Inspection
Induction heating stress improvement (IHSI), 17 of boilers, French codes, 217, 222224
as remedial measure for IGSCC in boiling water reactors, 83 of boiling water reactors, 10
Industrial hazards, Japanese codes and standards Canadian requirements, 170
preventing, 259 effects on probability of crack growth leakage to failure, 79
Industrial piping French codes, 253
buried, French codes, 216, 228 improved capability by using weld overlay repair, 81
design, French codes, 213, 216, 221222 industrial piping, French codes, 191
failure modes, 212 nuclear boilers and pressure vessels, Canadian, 181
French codes (CODETI), 197198, 212, 218, 220 of nuclear reactor vessels, 86
materials, French codes, 216, 222 PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
nominal design stress, French codes, 213, 221 pressure equipment, EN 13445, 331
risk assessment, French codes, 212 pressure vessels, French codes, 205
in scope of PED, 147 transport tanks, 365366
Industrial Safety and Health Law, 267 Inspection frequency
Industry Degraded Core Rulemaking (IDCOR) program, 89 feedwater nozzle, 9
INEL. See Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. future Section XI changes, 94
INGAA. See Interstate Natural Gas Association. Inspection interval, 13, 96
Initiating event impact group assessment, 95 alternate inspection frequency, 11
Inlet/outlet nozzles CANDU nuclear power plants, 184185
primary water stress corrosion cracking in, 79 for feedwater nozzle/sparger, 10
projected repair weld cracking, 81 for high susceptibility plants, 73
In-line inspection (ILI), of pipeline systems, 374, 378, 387, 401 for low susceptibility plants, 73
Inside diameter (ID) examination, of boiling water reactors, 7 for moderate susceptibility plants, 73
Inservice inspection (ISI), 110 and probability of leakage from a top-head nozzle, 7980
access problems, 7 socket welds, 95
as aging management strategy, 60 Inspection personnel radiation dose expenditure, CANDU nuclear
of boiling water reactor jet pump, 10 power plants, 185
CANDU nuclear power plants, 171 Inspection schedules, 97
code, 108 Instability criterion, 116
and crack growth rate monitoring, 24 Installer, CANDU nuclear power plants, 172
French codes, 253 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 110
French pressure equipment, 252 Institute of Universality of Japan, 109
Frequency/coverage, 59 Instrument nozzles, with PWSCC, 63, 68
implementation, 95 Instrument selection guide (ISG), 186
Japanese codes, 257259 Instrument Society of America, 163
nuclear boiler and pressure vessels, Canadian, 181 Integrated decision-making panel (IDP), 100
as part of age management program (AMP), 57 Integrated plant assessment (IPA), 30, 32
of piping, 108 Integrity management plan (IMP), 380
plant-specific, risk-informed decision-making, 103, 106 development steps, 378
of pressure-retaining RPV shell welds, 67, 9 elements of, 378379
of pressurized water reactor nozzles, 10 Integrity Management Program, pipeline systems, 407
primary water stress corrosion cracking detection, 79 Intelligent (smart) pig tool, 387
probabilistic risk assessment, 111 Interferometry, 418
of reactor pressure vessel axial shell welds, 8 Intergranular corrosion, French codes, restrictions, 233
of reactor pressure vessel nozzles, 11 Intergranular corrosion test, French codes, 249
of reactor pressure vessel-to-shroud support plate weld, 13 Intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC), 16
for reactor vessel nozzles, 11 boiling water reactor issue, 10
risk-informed (RI-IST), 9092, 9496, 98112 initiation and propagation, 17, 66
of small bore piping, 39 inservice (ISI) inspection program for, 94
transport tanks, 358359, 366, 368 piping, cracking conditions, 1618
piping, remedial measures, 17, 82
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 712

712 Index

Intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) (continued) International Trade and Industry Ministerial Ordinance 123 (MITI
repair/replacement/mitigation of, 17 MO 123), 271272
stainless steel for resistance to, 4 International Trade and Industry Ministry, Notification 501, 272273
stub tube, 12 Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), 334338, 340341
weld overlay repair, 18, 81 Notice No. 58 in Docket No. 3666, 338
Interim staff guidance (ISG), 40 Order No. 70, 339
Interim storage facilities, 685 Order No. 74, 339
Internal components of BWR vessels, 12, 6 Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Regulations, 338
Internal corrosion direct assessment (ICDA), 395 Interstate Natural Gas Association (INGAA), 420
Internal events, 104 Iodine-131, 437
probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) standard for, 111 Iodine-133, 478
Internal initiators, 90, IPA. See Integrated plant assessment.
Internal pressure, allowable stresses for reactor vessel IPE. See Individual plant examination.
components/structures, 67 IPEEE. See Individual plant examination of external events.
Internal pressure test, radioactive materials, 338 Iron castings, for pressure equipment, French codes, 252
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 333334, 338341, Irradiated fatigue curves, 174
349353, 355356 Irradiated metals, risk of piping failure and, 124
10CFR71 (1988 proposed changes), 347348 Irradiated steels, 5, 4445, 50
guidance documents, 42 Irradiation, 13
labeling system for radioactive materials, 339 loss of toughness due to, 60
no double-containment requirement, 355 personnel exposure, 13
revision cycle of two years, 355 shift in nil ductility, reference temperature due to, 51
Safety Series No. 6 (Regulations for the Safe Transport of Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC, 1, 57, 59
Radioactive Materials), 338, 350, 352353, 356 Irradiation embrittlement, 15, 45, 126
Safety Series No. 6 (Cross Index to Present and Proposed as aging mechanism, 57
Regulations), 338 Irradiation-enhanced stress relaxation, as aging mechanism, 59
Appendix II, 543 Irradiation-induced void swelling, as aging mechanism, 59
Appendix I, 180 Irwin plastic zone correction, 113
TS-G-1.1 (Advisory Material for the Regulations for the Safe ISG. See Instrument selection guide.
Transport of Radioactive Material), 338, 341 ISG. See Interim staff guidance.
TS-R-1 (ST-1) standard, 349, 350353, 355356 ISI. See Inservice inspection.
Appendix A, 351 ISMS. See Integrated safety management system.
International Atomic Energy Agency certificate, 342 ISO. See International Organization for Standardization.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), 353 IST. See Inservice testing.
International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (8th), Proceedings, ITER. See International Thermo-Nuclear Experimental Reactor.
ICONE-8, 26
International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Jacketed vessels, as pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 318
Proceedings, ICAPP03, 25 JAERI. See Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute.
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), Canadian James A. Fitzpatrick nuclear power plant, 97
participation, 160 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (IAERI), 291
International Energy Consultants, Inc. (IEC), 349 Japan Electrical Association (JEA), 294
International Nickel Corporation (INCO), 63 Technical Guidelines for Seismic Design of Nuclear Power Plant,
International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 162 294
Canadian participation, 160 Supplement (1984), 294295
special form radioactive materials, 335 Japan Electrical Association Code (JEAC 4205-2000), 294
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Registrar, Japan Electrotechnical Standards and Codes Committee (JESC), 271
160, 162 Japanese boiler and pressure vessel codes and standards, 259
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards, class 1 components, flaw evaluation, 246
specific types class 2 components, 247
7195 (Packaging of Uranium Hexafluoride for Transport), 351 class 3 components, 247
9000 (Quality Assurance Rules of French Codes), 228, Figure 50.1 (Laws/JIS under the Mandatory Laws [Pressure Vessel
9001 (Quality Control Program), 169 Standards]), 266
11439: 2000 (Gas CylindersHigh-Pressure Cylinders for Figure 50.2 (Organization of JSME Committee on Power
On-Board Storage of Natural Gas for Automobiles), 170 Generation Facilities Codes), 269
17020, 138 Figure 50.3 (JSME Design and Construction Code Structure), 273
/DIS 2694 (International Pressure Vessel Standard), 309, 312 Figure 50.4 (Plastic Analysis Results for Nuclear Power Plant
International System of Units (SI), 350351 Components), 274
International Thermo-Nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Code, 269 Figure 50.5 (JSME Fitness-for-Service Code Structure), 276
Committee, 269 Figure 50.6 (Flow Chart of Rules on Inspection and Flaw
project, 269 Evaluation), 277
International Trade and Industry Ministerial Ordinance 51 Figure 50.7 (Flow Chart to Determine the Extent of Ultrasonic Test
(MITI MO 51), 270 in ISI for General Inspection), 278
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 713

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 713

Figure 50.8 (Extent of Examination and Inspection Period, G 3106-1999, 262, 264
Determination of), 279 G 3114-1998, 264
Figure 50.9 (Minimum Required Cross-Sectional Area, Fitness-for G 3115-2000, 264
Service), 279 G 3126-2000, 264
Figure 50.10 (Flow of Flaw Evaluation), 280 Z 3014 (Radiographic Testing and Classification of Steel Welds),
Figure 50.11 (Flaw Evaluation Procedure for Ferritic Vessel), 282 263264
Figure 50.12 (Fracture Evaluation Method Selection for Pipe), 283 Z 3801-1997 (Qualification Procedure for Manual Welding
Figure 50.13 (Relation Between Design/Construction Codes and Technique), 263264
Welding Codes), 284 Z 3805-1997 (Welding Technique of Titanium), 264
Figure 50.14 (Test Apparatus Sketches [Testing of Bend in Pipe]), 297 Z 3811-2000 (Welding Technique of Aluminum and Aluminum
nuclear power plant components, 268 Alloys), 264
nuclear-specific material specifications, 286 Z 3821-2001 (Welding Technique of Stainless Steel), 264
seismic design codes, 290 Z 3841-1997 (Semiautomatic Welding Procedure), 264
Table 50.1 (Suggested Codes), 258 Japan Maintenance Standard, 2223
Table 50.2 (Publication of JIS on Construction of Pressure Vessel), Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Cooperation (JAPEIC),
267 fitness-for-service code, 280
Table 50.3 (Publication of JSME Committee on Power Generation Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME), 258
Facility Codes), 270 code and rule endorsement by government, 258
Table 50.4 (Comparison Between MO 51 and JSME Code on Codes Committee, 258
Power Boilers), 271 Committee on Power Generation Facilities Codes, 268269
Table 50.5 (Comparison Between MO 123 and JSME Code on Concrete Containment Vessel Code, 287
Power Boilers), 272 Design and Construction Rules, 268270, 272273
Table 50.6 (Ultrasonic Examination in the JSME FFS Code), 278 Guideline on the Approval of new Materials (Nuclear Materials
Table 50.7 (Loads Posed on Concrete Portions), 288 Code), 286
Table 50.8 (Classification of Major ITER Components), 293 Nuclear Materials Code Appendix 1, 286
Table 50.9 (ITER Metallic Components, Requirements and Power Generation Facility Codes, 268270, 272, 276
Technical Rules), 294 Rules on Concrete Casks, Canister Transfer Machines, Canister
Table 50.10 (Technical Guidelines for a Seismic Design of Nuclear Transport Casks for Nuclear Fuel, 289290
Power Plant Allowable Stress of Piping), 296 Rules on Concrete Containment Vessels for Nuclear Power Plants,
Table 50.11 (Philosophy for the Future Revision of the Piping 287
Allowable Stress Standards), 299 Rules on Construction of Nuclear Power Plant Components, 286
welding, 262264, 266270 Rules on Design and Construction for Nuclear Power Plants,
Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS), 257, 259, 266 268, 270, 272
Japanese Industrial Standards, specific types Rules on Design and Construction for Thermal Power Generation
B 8265-2000 (Pressure Vessel Structure), 261264 Facilities, 286
class 2 vessels, 267 Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants (2000), 268
class 3 vessels, 366 Rules on Materials for Nuclear Use, 287
B 8265-2003, 266, 286 Rules on Metal Casks, 289
B 8266 (Construction of Pressure Vessels, Requirements), Rules on Nuclear Design and Construction, 269
267268, 286287 Rules on Nuclear Power Generation Facilities, 268
class 1 vessel, 266267 Rules on Thermal Power Generation Facilities, 268, 270, 286
B 8270-1993 (Pressure Vessels, Basic Standard), 266267 Rules on Transportation/Storage Packaging for Spent Nuclear
class 1 vessels, 266267 Fuel, 269
class 2 vessels, 267 Subcommittee on Fusion Power Generation Facilities, 268
class 3 vessels, 366 Subcommittee on Fusion Reactors, 291292
B 8271 (Pressure Vessel Shell and End Plate), 267 Subcommittee on Nuclear Codes, 276
B 8273 (Bolting Flange of Pressure Vessel), 267 Subcommittee on Nuclear Power Generation Facilities, 268, 276
B 8274 (Pressure Vessel Tube Plate), 267 Subcommittee on Thermal Power Generation Facilities (SC-TP),
B 8275, 267 268269
B 8277-1993 (Expansion Joint for Pressure Vessels), 267 Subgroup on Environmental Fatigue, 275
B 8278 (Horizontal Pressure Vessel with Saddle Type Support), 267 Subgroup on Materials (SG-M), 270
B 8279 (Pressure Vessel Jacket), 267 Subgroup on Structures Design (SG-SD), 270
B 8280 (Noncircular Shell Pressure Vessel), 267 Subgroup on Welding (SG-W), 270
B 8281, 267 thermal and nuclear plant component codes, 268
B 8282, 267 Welding Technical Standard, 281282
B 8283, 267 Japan Society of Nondestructive Inspection, 267
B 8284 (Pressure Vessel Head Cover Quick Closing Mechanism) , 267 Japan Standard Association, 268
B 8285-1993 (Pressure Vessel Welding Procedures Qualification JAPEIC. See Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Cooperation.
Tests) , 267 J applied, evaluation procedure for calculation, 122
class 1 vessel, 267 J-controlled crack growth, 115
class 2 vessel, 267 JEA. See Japan Electrical Association.
class 3 vessel, 366 JEAC. See Japan Electrical Association Code.
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 714

714 Index

JESC. See Japan Electric Standards Committee. Ke501 factor in Notification 274
Jet pump, 4 KeA0, 275
boiling water reactor internals, 10 Kellogg Company method, 264
J-groove welds, 65 KHK. See Koatsu Gas Hoan Kyokai.
PWSCC detected, 65 Koatsu Gas Hoan Kyokai (KHK), 260
J integral, 15 Korean nuclear power plants, surveillance programs, 229
J integral estimation method, 114 Korean regulatory system and codes of nuclear boiler and pressure
J -integral fracture resistance curve equation, 124 vessels 655
J -Integral Material Resistance Curve, 126 Korean Ulchin 910 project, 193
J -Integral/Tearing Modulus Curve, 123 allowable release limit in a hypothetical accident, 336
J -Integral/Tearing Modulus Methodology, 114
J -Integral/Tearing Modulus (J-T) Procedure, 114 Labeling, of pressure equipment, 141
J -integral testing, 113 Labeling system, for radioactive materials packages, 340
JIS. See Japanese Industrial Standards. Labor cost, of decommissioning a nuclear facility, 460
Joining personnel, 140 Lamellar iron castings, for pressure equipment, French codes, 252
Joining procedures, 148 Lames equations, 312
materials for pressure equipment, 212 Large-diameter butt welds, 77
Joining procedures qualifications, of pressure equipment, 140 Large early release, definition, 91
Joint coefficients, 139 Large early release frequency (LERF), 8
French codes, 253 piping, failure probability/PRA consequence, 96
in pressure equipment, 157 PRA Standards for, 90
Joint efficiency, pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262 probabilistic risk-assessment (PRA) Standard, 107
Joint efficiency factor, 312 Large quantity, 335
Joints Large quantity, of licensed material, definition, 335
for boilers, testing, French codes, 224 Large quantity shipments, radioactive materials, 345
bolted flanged, PD 5500 (U.K.), 316 Laser cladding, 83
brazed, 140 Laser weld repair, 83
French codes, 253 Last-pass heat sink welding (LPHSW), 17
lattice tube-to-calandria tubesheet, 175 LBB. See Leak-before-break analysis. LCM. See Life cycle
mechanical, French codes, 248 management. LDM. See Low Dispersible Material.
oil and gas pipeline systems, Canadian, 170 Lead-201, allowable release limit in a hypothetical accident, 348
permanent, 140 Lead shielding, 345
in pressure equipment, 157 Leakage, 9
pressure vessels, French codes, 205 boiling water reactor stub tube cracking, 12
pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263 boric acid, 69
soldered, for air piping, 170 bottom-head nozzles PWSCC crack in, 70
welded joint coefficient, industrial piping, French codes, 222 from control rod drive housing, 26
welded, PD 5500 (U.K.), 318 from CRDM nozzle PWSCC, 87
Joint tensile test, pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 264 radioactive soil and water remediation, 486
JR curve, 115 probabilistic analysis to determine PWSCC behavior in alloys
J-R curve, 15 600/82/182, 70
J-R curve Crack Driving Force Diagram Procedure, 123 top head, from flange gaskets, 73
J-R curve test, 122 Leak-before-break (LBB) analysis, 9
JSME. See Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. of CANDU nuclear power plants, 170
J-T. See J-Integral/Tearing Modulus Procedure. fast breeder reactors, French codes, 250
French pressure equipment, 252
KI, stress intensity factor, 46 fusion reactors, 292
KIA, reference fracture toughness curve, 53. See also KIR reference Leak testing (LT), 45
fracture toughness curve. of boiling water reactor components, 45
as lower bound, 5153 of CANDU nuclear power plants, 185
KIC, reference fracture toughness curve, 53 French codes, 253
lower bound, 52 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263
KIm, applied pressure stress intensity factor, 49 of pressurized water reactor components, 263
KIR, reference fracture toughness curve, 53 risk-informed initiatives, 45
index for, 44 as Section XI provision, 45
lower bound curve and high-rate loading, 53 Leak tightness, 329
KIt, applied thermal stress intensity factor, 46 of radioactive material packaging, 356
KJC, reference static fracture toughness curve, 51 Leckie/Penny calculation, 320
KAPA spread sheet, 400 Leckie/Penny formulation, 316
Ke coefficient, piping, Japanese codes, 300 LEFM. See Linear-elastic fracture mechanics.
Ke factor (simplified elastic-plastic analysis method), 269 LEFM/EPFM. See Linear-elastic fracture mechanics/elastic plastic
Ke factor, 275 fracture mechanics analysis.
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 715

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 715

LER. See Licensee event report. inservice testing (IST), 104105


LERF. See Large early release frequency. Japanese codes, 257259
Level 1 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), 89 PRA Standard for, 9092, 95, 97
Level 2 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), 91 RI-IST of check valves, 105
Level 3 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), 110 Limit load, 3, 113, 115119, 121, 125
Level of confidence, maximum, 148 Limit load analysis, 113, 116, 279, 329330
Levels A, B, C, D. See Service Level A, Service Level B, Service austenitic stainless steel piping, Japanese codes, 280281
Level C, Service Level D. Limit load equation, 34
LFRD. See Load and Resistance Factor Design methodology. Limpet coils, 318
License applications, 336 Linalog magnetic flux leakage (MFL) pigs, 387
Licensee event reports (LERs), 30, 32 Linde 0091 flux, 54
License-exempt contractors, 342 Linde 80 weld material, 121
License renewal Linear elastic analysis, of containment vessels for radioactive
age management program and, 5859 materials, 345346
aging effects, 57 Linear-elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), 3, 12, 55, 113114, 116,
environmental review, 29, 31 118119, 124
guidance documents, 29, 4041 assessing flaws effects on nuclear components, 113
requirements, 31 evaluation, 124
TLAA identification/update, 3132, 34, 35, 38, 41 methodology, 114
License renewal application (LRA), 2935, 3738, 41, 57 predicting conditions for brittle failure, 55
aging management program, 3032, 35, 58 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 257
aging management review (AMR), 3032, 57 technique, 113
Appendix A (Final Safety Analysis Report Supplement), 32 Linear elastic fracture mechanics/elastic plastic fracture mechanics
Appendix B (Aging Management Programs and Activities), 32 (LEFM/EPFM) analysis, of irradiated stainless steel fracture
final safety analysis report (FSAR), supplement, 38 toughness, 3
guide for, 41 Linearized stress method, 4647
requirements list, 31 Line loads, EN 13445 standard, 329330
reviewing process, 3940 Liners, 153
safety assessments for, 30 Ling Ao nuclear power plant, China, 255
scoping and screening methodology, 3133 Ling Ao 1 and 2 contract, 193
Section 2.0 (Identifying Structures/Components Subject to Aging Linings, 143
Management Review), 31 pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Section 3.0 (Aging Management Review Results), 32 Liquefied gases, 170, 260
Section 4.0 (Time-Limited Aging Analyses), 32 Liquid, in sense of PED, 138
Table 3.X.1 (Further Evaluation Recommended and Liquid-injection system (LISS) nozzles, 177
Discussion Columns), 38 Liquid natural gas systems, 159, 168
USNRC review, 4042 Canadian standards, 168
License renewal guidance (LRG) document, 4041 Liquid penetrant test (PT)/examination, 400
License termination, 428 CANDU nuclear power plant components, 159, 163167,
License Termination Order, 428 171
License Termination Plan (LTP), 428 of feedwater nozzle/sparger, 10
Licensing requirements, 21 French codes, 196, 253
transfer of responsibilities from DOT to AEC, 341 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 257, 264
Licensing restrictions, plutonium air transport, 352 transport tanks, 366
LIDAR. See Light Detection and Ranging. for vessel-to-shroud support weld cracking, 13
Life cycle management (LCM) approach, 84 zirconium alloy components, 176177
Lifting and tiedown device requirements, radioactive materials, Liquids rule, 376
336 LISS. See Liquid-injection system nozzles.
Lifting attachments, radioactive materials, 338 Lithium, 68, 82
Lifting eyes, 329330 LLS. See Low level solid radioactive material.
Lifts, New Approach Directive, 147 LLW. See Low level waste.
Ligament, evaluation with multiple indications, 3 LMFBR reactors, 193
Ligament efficiency factor, 316 Load
Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), 417 pressure vessels, EN 13445 (PD 5500, U.K.), 309310
Light-water reactor (LWR), 104105 stress on welds, PD 5500 (U.K.), 309
construction, French codes, 253 Load and resistance factor design (LRFD)
environment effects on fatigue crack growth rate, 2122 for concrete components, 108
fitness-for-service code, 264 Level 2 analysis, 91
monitoring changes in fracture toughness, 45 methodology, 400
piping systems, flaw evaluation, ferritic piping, 118119 reliability based, for piping, 108, 112
use of alloy 600 base metal, 63 use for nuclear service concrete components, 108
Light-water reactor (LWR) nuclear power plant with risk-informed safety classification, 108
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 716

716 Index

Load capacity, 173 LSA-II, 353


of pressurized water vessels, 43 LSA-III, 353
replacement component, requirements and, 104 Low temperature(s), for industrial piping, French codes, 223
Load capacity ratings, 53 Low-temperature overpressure (LTOP) protection system
Load category system, Japanese codes, 288 pressure-temperature (P-T) limits, 49
Load line displacement, 115 pressurized water reactor, 45, 60, 63, 85, 99
Load per unit thickness, 115 setpoints, 4950
LOCA. See Loss of coolant accident. transient, 89, 1415, 49, 51
Local brittle zones, 52 Low upper shelf energy (USE) evaluation, 15, 26, 121, 128
Localized corrosion, piping failure, 96 Low upper-shelf toughness, 121, 124126
Log-normal distributions, in predicting initiation of PWSCC in Low voltage directive, 138, 141
PWRs, 76 Low water cut-off, 169
Log-normal model, 76 LPHSW. See Last-pass heat sink welding.
Log secant model, 398 LPSCC. See Low potential stress corrosion cracking.
Longitudinal flaw sizes, piping, 118 LRA. See License renewal application.
Longitudinal upper-shelf energy (USE), 15 LRFD. See Load and resistance factor design.
Longitudinal welds, 48 LRG. See License renewal guidance.
Long-lived structures/components, 3132, 41 LSA. See Low specific activity material.
Loss of alternating current power, 33 LSS. See Low-safety-significance. LT. See Leak testing.
Loss of coolant accident (LOCA), 80, 89, 172 LTOP. See Low-temperature overpressure.
determining consequence categories, 100 LTP. See License Termination Plan.
large break, 99 LWR. See Light-water reactor.
small-break, 99
Loss of material, from aging, 57 Machinery directive, 136, 141
Lost production, 84 New Approach Directive, 129, 131, 137138, 144
Low-alloy steel, 69 Machining
boric acid wastage, 74, 84 for removal of surface flaws, 81
butt welding, 6566, 69 of repair surface for nondestructive examination (NDE), 94
for containment vessels for radioactive materials, 269 Magnesium-molybdenum-chromium-nickel steels, for industrial
corrosion rate by high temperature borated water onto a hot piping, French codes, 223
surface, 74 Magnesium-molybdenum steels
dissimilar metal welds, 19, 72 for industrial piping, French codes, 223, 224
fatigue effects, 13, 21, 69 for pressure equipment, French codes, 129, 130, 131, 133141,
for pressure equipment, French codes, 234 Magnetic flux leakage (MFL), 387388
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311, 325 Magnetic particle examination, 248, 263
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264 CANDU nuclear power plant components, 181
for reactor coolant piping, 66 French codes, 253
repair/replacement/mitigation for IGSCC in, 17 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263
SCC initiated in cladding, 24 transport tanks, 366
for transport tanks, 358, 366 Maintenance, 90
weld cracking, 13 Maintenance pigging, 390
Low-carbon stainless steel, 1 Management Board, French codes, 191
Low consequence assessment, 99 Manganese-nickel-molybdenum steels, for pressure equipment,
Low-cycle fatigue, 245, 269, 296 French codes, 129
Japanese codes, 257 Manhole, sizing minimum, 169
Low-cycle fatigue tests, piping, Japanese codes, 296, 298 Manufacturer. See also Certificate of Conformity.
Low Dispersible Material (LDM), 350, 352 accreditation by ASME for meeting PED requirements, 149
Lower bound fracture toughness curves, 51 achieving overall level of safety, 138
Low level solid (LLS) radioactive material, 350351 application to Notified Body, 152
Low-level waste (LLW), 436 assembly of pressure equipment, 131
Low potential stress corrosion cracking (LPSCC), 64 conformity assessment categories in PED, 310
Low power, probabilistic risk-assessment standard and, 91 conformity assessment modules without QA, 136
Low-safety significance (LSS) component classification as, 90, conformity assessment modules with QA, 136
9697, 104105 conformity assessment of pressure vessels, French codes, 320
components, testing requirements for, 105 conformity assessment procedures for pressure equipment, 154
exclusion criteria (Level B) for snubbers, 106 data report detailing inspections, for Canadian regulating authority,
non class, 101 181
piping segments, 9597, 100 defining testing type and extent, pressure vessels, French codes, 253
repair/replacement codes and, 96 drawing up technical documentation, 137
safety-related items having, 100 industrial piping, testing and inspection, French codes, 142, 223
Low-specific activity (LSA) material, 340, 347 inspection of boilers, French codes, 260, 253
LSA-I, 353 material specifications of pressure equipment, 141
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 717

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 717

New Approach principles for pressure equipment, 147 Maximum shear stress theory, 320
non-nuclear-specific equipment, French codes, 230 Maximum transport index, 351
PED requirements, 148 MC. See Metal containment vessels,
pressure equipment manufacturing procedures, final assessment, MDMT. See Minimum Design Metal Temperature.
marking, labeling, and operating instructions, 154 Mean fracture toughness curve, 53
product quality assurance, 137 Measured material toughness, 44
responsibility for design manufacture and conformity assessment, Measuring instruments, New Approach Directive, 147
pressure equipment, 144 Mechanical stress improvement (MSIP), 17
self certification, 136 as remedial measure for IGSCC in boiling water reactors, 83
testing definition and extent, boilers, French codes, 224 as remedial measure for PWSCC in PWRs, 76
Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valves and Fitting Mechanical testing, 283
Industry (MSS), 162, Medium consequence assessment, 99
MAOP. See Maximum allowable operating pressure. Medium voltage underground cable testing, 39
Marine Self Defense Force, 260 Membrane stress, 4649. See also Stresses.
Market surveillance, 144 circumferential reference flaw, 48, 49
MARSSIM. See Multi-Agency Radioactive Site Survey and computing for pressure and thermal loading, 45, 122
Investigation Manual. concrete containment vessels, 31
Martensitic stainless steel nozzle reinforcement, 315
for containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346 of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 330, 331
for end fitting material, 642 Membrane stress intensity factor (Mm factor), 47
for fuel channel end fittings, 177 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) (7/2/79), 337
for industrial piping, French codes, 191 between Interstate Commerce Commission and Atomic Energy
for pressure equipment, French codes, 212 Commission, 338
Master Curve reference fracture toughness, 44, 53 Mercury 428
Material certification, 143 Metal fatigue, 9, 21, 28, 34, 35
Material fatigue, primary water stress corrosion cracking, 63 environmental impact on nuclear power plant components, 42
Material flow stress, 118. See also Stresses. Metallography, crack detection by, 13
Material manufacturer, of pressure equipment, 139, 153 Metallurgical analysis, 14
Material reference fracture toughness, 43 Metal cracks, Japanese codes, 258, 259
Material Reliability Program (MRP) (EPRI sponsored), 57 Metal containment (MC) vessels, Japanese codes, 288
MRP-86 Metal structure examination, French codes, 249
Materials Methane, detection near pipeline systems, 417
for boilers, French codes, 224, 253 Methyl-bromide, liquefied, 260
for construction, PED vs. ASME code, 147 METI. See Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.
industrial piping, French codes, 191, 253 Metrication Policy, 351
PD 5500 (U.K.), 311 MF factor, 124
for pressure equipment, 156 Mm factor. See Membrane stress intensity factor.
pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 259 MFL. See Magnetic flux leakage.
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 264, 311 MIC. See Microbial influenced corrosion.
for pressure vessels, French codes, 191, 201 Microbial influenced corrosion (MIC), as pipeline failure mode, 408
transport tanks, 365 Microcleavage pop-in, 53
Material specifications, of pressure equipment, 141 Midland reactor pressure vessel, 61
Material surveillance program, monitoring changes in fracture Milliroentgen per hour or equivalent, 337
toughness, 45 Miners Rule, 320
Material Tables and Allowable Stress Tables (Japanese codes), 275 Mine Safety Law, 260
Material transition temperature, 53 Minimum Design metal Temperature (MDMT), transport tanks, 360
MAWP. See Maximum Allowable Working Pressure. Maximum Minimum holding temperatures, Japanese codes, 263
allowable bending stress, of pressure vessels, Minimum holding time, Japanese codes, 263
Japanese codes, 262 Ministerial Council on Economic Measures (Japan), 266
Maximum allowable buckling stress, of pressure vessels, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), 258
Japanese codes, 262 Notification 97
Maximum allowable longitudinal compressive stress, pressure Notification 408 (Technical Standards on Structure for Concrete
vessels, Japanese codes, 262 Reactor Containment), 287
Maximum allowable longitudinal stress, of pressure vessels, Notification 97, 147, 258, 162, 187, 260, 261, 266
Japanese codes, 257 Ordinance 258
Maximum allowable operating pressure (MAOP), 397 Ordinance 270 (Technical Standards for Nuclear Power
Maximum allowable tensile stress, pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263 Generation), 270
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (MAWP), 368 Ordinance 287
of transport tanks, 366 Ordinance 287, 288
Maximum elastic stress, nozzle reinforcement, 316 Standard Department, 258
Maximum membrane stress, 139 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology,
Maximum normal operating pressure (MNOP), 488 fusion reactor safety, Japanese codes, 292
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 718

718 Index

Mitigation programs, effects of aging and, 58 Natural gas fuel, high-pressure storage cylinders, automotive,
MITI MO 51. See International Trade and Industry Ministerial Canadian storage, 168
Ordinance 270. Natural gas liquids, 170
MITI MO 123. See International Trade and Industry Ministerial NB. See Notified Bodies.
Ordinance 272. NCT. See Normal conditions of transport.
Mitigation programs, effects of aging and, 58, 59 NDE. See Nondestructive evaluation/testing.
Mixed waste, classification of, 519 NDT. See Nil-ductility temperature.
Mixers, 141 NDTT. See Nil-ductility transition temperature.
MNOP. See Maximum normal operating pressure. NEB. See National Energy Board (Canada).
Model PAT-1 package, 334 NEI. See Nuclear Energy Institute.
Modulus of elasticity, of containment vessels for radioactive NEPA. See National Environmental Policy Act; National
materials, 363 Environmental Protection Act.
Molybdenum-250, 236, 351 Net positive suction head (NPSH), 45, 50
Molybdenum stainless steel casting grades, for French pressure Net present value (NPV) cost, 8485
equipment, 236 Net present value (NPV) economic modeling software, 84
Molybdenum steels Net-section collapse, 84
for industrial piping, French codes, 191 prediction, 116117
for pressure equipment, French codes, 212, 222 Neuber correction, 245
Moment loading, 320 Neutron efficiency, 164
Monitoring, of age management program, 34 Neutron embrittlement, 31, 34, 50, 512
Monitoring devices, for pressure equipment, 153 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 281
Motor-operated valves (MOV), esting requirements for HSS and of PWR vessel materials, 50, 55
LSS, 105 Neutron fluence, 59
MOU. See Memorandum of Understanding. New Approach concept, 129
MOV. See Motor-operated valves. New Approach Directives, 138, 144145
MRP. See Material reliability program. New Approach to Technical Harmonization and Standards, 129
MSIP. See Mechanical stress improvement process. fundamental principles, 129
MSS. See Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valves and New/one-time inspections, detecting aging effects, 58
Fitting Industry. NFPA. See National Fire Protection Association.
Multi-Agency Radioactive Site Survey and Investigation Manual NG18 surface flaw equation, 396
(MARSSIM), 431 Nickel
Multiple flaw indications, 34. See also Flaws. embrittlement prediction-trend curves, 5051, 5455
for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286
N4 studies, 245 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
N289 Technical Committee (TC), 180 for pressure vessels, French codes, 203206
Nameplate, 169, 366 Nickel 201, EAM approvals issued, 310
NASA. See national Aeronautics and Space Administration. Nickel alloys
National Accreditation Body, 138 CODAP future specifications, 208
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), predicting EAM approvals issued, 310
effect of small component failures, 89 for industrial piping, French codes, 222223
National Association of Corrosion Engineers Standards, for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286, 295
RP050522002 Item No. 21097 (Pipeline External Corrosion for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Direct Assessment Methodology), 394, 422 for pressure vessels, French codes, 203206
National Board Inspection Code, 366 Nickel alloys, specific types
National Board Inspection Code (ANSI/NB-23), 366 alloy 142, 201, 287, 311, 500. See also Nickel-chromium alloys,
National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (Canada), specific types; Weld metals, specific types.
162 alloy 600 (NC 15 Fe), 12, 15, 1920, 23, 28, 85, 236
National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors in the United alloy 600, applications, 6366
States, 168 alloy 600, coordinated maintenance program, 84
National Board Owner/User R Certificate of Authorization, 366 alloy 600, inspection methods/requirements, 7172
National Board R Stamp, 366367 alloy 600, locations in PWR vessel, 6465
National Building Code (Canada), 163, 179, 189 alloy 600, primary water stress corrosion cracking of, 39, 6364,
National Energy Board (NEB) (Canada), 374, 376 66, 6869, 7678
National Energy Board, Canadas Safety and Performance Indicators, alloy 600, properties, 63
annual report, 372 alloy 600, properties compared to austenitic stainless steel, 63
National Energy Board Act (Canada), 420 alloy 600, related weld materials, 6364
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), 31 alloy 600, repair processes for PWSCC, 8082
National Fire Code (Canada), 163, 189 alloy 690 (NC 30 Fe), 64, 67, 84, 236
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 162 alloy 690, for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 287
National Fire Protection Association Fire Code, 163 alloy 690, resistance to PWSCC, 67
National Regulations, 129130 alloy 800, 64, 250
National Standards of Canada, 160161 SB-166, 16
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 719

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 719

Nickel-base alloys joints, 139140, 152, 154155, 157


for fast breeder reactor material, 251 personnel, 137138
irradiation embrittlement, 59 mechanical components, French codes, 252
for pressure equipment, French codes, 242 of piping segments, 100
Nickel-chromium-iron alloys personnel approval in PED, 147
chromium content and PWSCC, 66 personnel qualification and certification, French codes, 248
for containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346 of pressure vessels, French codes, 205, 213
fatigue curve, 14 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 264267, 281
intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 1 reference flaw size, 44, 56
Nickel-chromium-iron alloys, specific types requirements, 102
alloy 52, 1920 of RPV nozzles, 71, 72
alloy 82, 1920. See also Weld metals, specific types. selection, 95
alloy 182, 1215, 17, 19, 26, 28. See also Weld metals, specific types. transport tanks, 358, 364366
alloy 600, 12, 15, 1920, 23, 28, 39, 6366, 6869, 7172, 7680, of weld replacement repair, 82
236. See also Nickel alloys, specific types. welds, EN 13445, 326327
Nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels, for pressure equipment, zirconium alloy components, CANDU nuclear power plants, 176
French codes, 242 Nondimensional tearing moduli, 116
Nickel-chromium steels, for pressure equipment, French codes, 242 None consequence assessment, 99
Nickel steels, for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262, 286 Nonferrous materials
Nil ductility reference temperature, 44, 4851, 53, 55 for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 262263
Nil-ductility reference temperature index, 4344 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311, 324
Nil-ductility temperature (NDT), steel containers for radioactive for pressure vessels, French codes, 203205
materials, 346 for transport tanks, 365
Nil-ductility transition temperature (NDTT), 50 Non-Linde 80, 16
Niobium, alloy presence and PWSCC, 67 Non-nuclear boilers, Canadian standards, 168
Niobium alloys, UNS R60901, for pressure tube material, 164 Non-nuclear pressure vessels, Canadian standards, 168
NISA. See Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency. Non safety related (NSR) classification, low-safety significance
Nitric acid, 436 (LSS), 100
Nitrogen, addition to stainless steel for structural strength, 1 Non-stainless alloy steels, for industrial piping, French codes, 212,
NKK, 388 214, 221
Nobel metal, addition to mitigate cracking, 3 Non-stainless steels
Nominal design strength, of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 for pressure equipment, French codes, 224, 234
Nominal design stress for pressure vessels, French codes, 201204
boilers, French codes, 222, 234 Notified Bodies (NB), 129131, 133, 136139, 146, 149
industrial piping, French codes, 212, 221 appraisal of material for boilers, French codes, 212
Nominal diameter (DN), 132, 134 approval of design procedures of pressure equipment, 139140,
Nominal pipe size (NPS), 4, 72 144, 148, 152
NON. See Notices of Nonconformance. conformity assessment of boilers, French codes, 224, 241
Non-alloy quenched-tempered steels, for industrial piping, French conformity assessment of pressure vessels, French codes, 208,
codes, 223 214216
Non-alloy steels conformity assessment procedure, industrial piping, French codes,
for industrial piping, French codes, 221, 223 212
for pressure equipment, French codes, 203204, 234235 experimental design approval of pressure equipment, 139140,
Nonaustenitic stainless steels 142, 147, 156
for pressure equipment, EN 13445, 327 identification number, 136137, 141
for pressure equipment, French codes, 203206, 224, 234 lists, and their scope of approval, 138
Non-austenitic steels, for industrial piping, French codes, 212, 216, monitoring by, 136137
223 represented in Working Group Pressure Standing Committee, 144
Non-class classification, 101, 103 Web site providing lists and scope of approval, 138
Non-Cryogenic Portable Tanks, 358 Normal Conditions of Transport, 337338
Nondestructive examination/testing (NDE), 85, 95, 101 of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346347
of alloys 600/82/182 locations, 71 Normal form, 343
boilers, French codes, 224, 240 of radionuclides, Type A package limits, 334
of BWR nozzles and their welds, 11 Normalized steel
of crack depth, 3 allowable membrane stress, 144
to detect vessel flaws, 55 in pressure equipment, 157
of effects of fatigue on nuclear power plant components, 38 for pressure vessels, French codes, 201202
French codes, 240, 253254 Normal operation/upset conditions (Levels A/B conditions), 14
frequent, to prevent boric acid corrosion, 84 structural factors, 118
future Section XI changes, 94 North Anna Unit 2 nuclear power plant, 7475
industrial piping, French codes, 223, 231232 NOV. See Notices of Violation.
information in technical documentation, 137 Novatome, 193194
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 720

720 Index

Novetech, N 143, 61 Section 4.1 (Identification of Structures and Components


Nozzles, 68, 131, 320 Subject to an Aging Management Review and Intended
alloy 600 use in PWR vessels, 65 Functions), 3233
bottom-mounted instrument, 63, 65 USNRC endorsement, 33
control-element drive mechanism, 65 Nuclear industry, risk-informed codes and standards, 107
control rod drive mechanism, 63, 65 Nuclear power plants (NPPs), 433
cracking, 810, 22, 74 Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation (NUPEC), 295297
de-gas line, 65 Nuclear power plant
dissimilar metal weld overlay, 19 aging research, NRC, 2930
effect of temperature on PWSCC, 82 detection of age effects in, 58
ejection danger, 74, 7778, 82 extended operation period, 2931
examination methods, 912, 7172 license renewal, 40, 58
head vent, 65 maintenance program, 3031
improved thermal sleeve design, 11 onsite NRC inspectors, 30
incore instrument (ICI), 65 outage extension, 63
inlet/outlet, 6364, 66, 74, 78 plant shutdown, 63, 69, 83, 99100, 104106, 112114, 165
J-groove welds for, 65 seismic design guidelines, Japanese codes, 290300
liquid-injection shutdown system, 175 Nuclear Power Plant Components (ASME BPV Code Section III)
mechanical remedial measures for PWSCC, 8283 age management program (AMP), 3337
predicting time to PWSCC, 84 age management review (AMR), 3335
probabilities of leakage and failure, 79 flaw evaluation during inservice inspection, 113128
reinforcing, PD 5500 (U.K.), 314316 indications evaluated from inservice inspection, 113128
repair/replacement, 8082 metal fatigue, 3435
residual stresses and crack initiation, 67 passive/long-lived structures/components, 32
stainless steel, SCC in BWRs, 64 repair/replacement, 3738
subsequent leakage following repair, 82 time-limited aging analysis, 31
thermocouple, 65 Nuclear reactor core, 164165
top-head, 63, 84 irradiation embrittlement and, 59
water-jet conditioning, 84 Nuclear reactors
Nozzle to safe end socket welds, examination methods, 72 internal loose-parts monitoring program, 39
Nozzle-to-safe end butt welds, surface method plutonium recovery from fuel, 343
examinations, 72 risk analysis and security of, 110
NPS. See Nominal pipe size. Nuclear reactor vessels
NPSH. See Net positive suction head, 45 beltline welds, examination of, 72
NPV. See Net present value. flaw evaluation during inservice inspection, 113128
NQA. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) indications evaluated from inservice inspection, 113128
BNCS Nuclear Quality Assurance Committee. low upper-shelf energy evaluation, 121124
NRC. See United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. time-limited aging analysis and, 31, 34
NRMCC. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). See United States Nuclear
Nuclear Risk Management Coordinating Committee. Regulatory Commission.
NSC, 79 Nuclear Regulators Working Group (NRWG-TF-NDTQ) 530,
NSNRC, installation of LTOP systems, 49 568, 574
NSR. See Non safety related classification. Nuclear Risk Management Coordinating Committee (NRMCC),
NSSC. See Canadian Standards Association, Nuclear Strategic 108, 110
Steering Committee. Nuclear power plants in Spain, 567, 570
NTD ASI Code for VVER Reactor Components, 577 NUPEC. See Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation.
Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA), 258259 NWC conditions, boiling water reactor crack growth rate,
Nuclear regulatory organizations, 655 2324
Nuclear boilers and pressure vessels, inservice inspection, Canadian, NWPA. See Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982.
181187 NYSEARCH group of the North East Gas Association, 417
Nuclear cranes, 107, 109, 112113
Nuclear energy, history, 2930 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), 506
Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI), 110 finite element stress analyses, 48
NEI-0002 (Peer Review Process), 107 ORNL/NRC/LTR-93/15, 61
NEI-0002, Rev. A3 (Probabilistic Risk Assessment Peer Review ORNL/NRC/LTR-93/33, Revision 1, finite element analysis for
Process Guidance), 91, 111 inside surface flaws, 61
NEI-0004 (Draft-Rev. D), 10CFR50.69 SSC Categorization ORNL/NRC/LTR-94/26, 61
Guidelines, 98, 112 testing for microcleavage pop-ins, 53
NEI-9510 (License Renewal Rule Guidance Document), 29, updated FAVOR code, 56
3132, 4142 Obrigheim steam generators, U-bend cracking, 68
Section 3.0 (Identify the SSCs Within the Scope of License Oconee Unit 2 nuclear power plant, 73
Renewal and Their Intended Function), 32 Office of pipeline Safety (OPS), 373376
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 721

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 721

Office of the Federal Register, 26, 42 PAT. See Plutonium Air Transport package.
Official Journal of the European Communities, 138, 142, 146, 148, 310 PCCV. See Prestressed concrete containments vessels.
97/23/EC, 130 PD 5500. See Published document (PD) 5500.
Offshore steel pipelines, Canadian standards, 171 PDD-63. See Presidential Decision Directive 63.
Oilfield steam distribution pipelines, Canadian standards, 171 Peak stress, 125126
Oil pipeline systems, 170171 welds, PD 5500 (U.K.), 322323
Oil spill, 528 Peak stress strength, piping, Japanese codes, 300301
Oil Refineries and Petrochemical Plants, 565 Pearson method, 395
On-power refueling, 165 PED. See Pressure Equipment Directive.
Onshore Piping Regulations (OPR) (Canada), 376 Peer review process, 92, 104
Operability, requirements for LTOP protection and, 50 Pellini test, French codes, 249
Operating condition stress/fabrication residual stress leading to Penalty factors, 117118
PWSCC, 67 Penetrant testing (PT), 9, 72
Operating heatup and cooldown limit curves, 4951 Penetration assembly, sleeve fatigue, 31, 34
Operating instructions, 148 Performance monitoring programs, 104
of pressure equipment, 141, 155 effects of aging and, 5758
Operating pressure, use in predicting crack growth rate, 77 Performance testing, static and dynamic, of motor-operated valves,
Operating temperature 105
effect in predicting crack growth rate, 77, 79 Permanent joints, pressure equipment, 154
PWSCC in pressurized water reactors, 7980, 83 Personnel
Operating time joining, qualified, 140
corrections for predicting time to PWSCC, 83 radiation exposure, 53, 182, 352, 355356
and probability of nozzle cracking/leakage in RPV head, 79 Petroleum Association for the Conservation of the Canadian
Operating transients Environment (PACE), 162
design fatigue analysis and, 34 Petroleum gas, liquefied, 170, 260
level A, static load conditions, 51 Petroleum plants, fired-heater pressure coils, 168
level B, static load conditions, 51 PFM. See Probabilistic fracture mechanics.
level C, static load conditions, 51 PGE. See Portland General Electric Company.
level D, static load conditions, 51 pH
Operational insights, for component safety categorization, 104 crack growth rate and changes in, 68
OPR. See Onshore Piping Regulations. of PWR primary coolant, 82
OPS. See Office of Pipeline Safety. Phased array ultrasound, 388
Order on Life Cycle Asset Management, U.S. Department of Energy, Phosphorus
485 alloy presence and PWSCC, 67
ORNL. See Oak Ridge National Laboratory. causing hot cracks, 67
OSHA. See Occupational Safety and Health Administration. PHTS. See Primary heat transport system.
Overlay weld metal, 1718 PHWR. See Pressurized heavy water reactor.
Overpressure protection, French codes, 249 Physical testing, 248
Overpressure Protection Devices, Canadian standards, 168 Physicochemical testing, 248
Overpressure Protection Report, 15, 172 Pigging, 386
CANDU nuclear power plants, 172 Pipe fittings, Canadian standards, 168169
An Overview of R6 Revision 4, 121, 128 Pipeline security, 371410
Owner/Licensee Pipeline systems, 371410. See also Piping.
CANDU nuclear power plants, 172, 174 assessment methods, 386394
repair program, 103 cathodic protection, 391394, 409, 410411, 413415
Owners Design Specification, fatigue, 20 coatings, 409414
Oxygen service, cryogenic portable tanks, 364 corrosion control, 405408
defect assessment methods, 395402
PAA. See Price Anderson Indemnification Act. defect assessment models, 384, 395402
PACE. See Petroleum Association for the Conservation of the direct assessment, 376, 386, 390, 394395
Canadian Environment. emergency response plans, 421
Paris law crack growth model, 401 environmental protection, 372374
Partial penetration nozzles, examination method, 72 event tree model, 384385
Partial penetration welds, 67 environmental protection, 372374
for BMI nozzles, 73 failure modes, 373374, 377
for control rod drive mechanism nozzles, 73 Figure 54.1 (Gas Pipeline Explosion in Carlsbad, N.M., August
Particular Material Appraisal (PMA), 137, 142143, 146, 310 2000), 371
Part wall defect, 310 Figure 54.2 (Natural Gas System Network), 372
Passivation, 23 Figure 54.3 (Pipeline Construction [by decade]), 373
Passive power plant structures/components, 41 Figure 54.4 (Causes of Pipeline Incidents on U.S. Pipelines in
aging management, 31, 57 2000), 373
identification, 3132 Figure 54.5 (Buckling, Gouging and Denting, Corrosion), 374
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 722

722 Index

Pipeline systems (continued) integrity assessment methods, 386395


Figure 54.6 (Frequency of Occurrence of Various Threats to Gas integrity management plans, 375378
Pipelines), 375 line marking and locating, 416
Figure 54.7 (Integrity Management Process Flow Diagrams liquid hydrocarbon, 372
[ASMEB31.8S]), 377 long-term repairs to pressure boundary piping, 19
Figure 54.8 (API 1160 Managing System Integrity for Hazardous magnetic flux leakage for assessment, 387389
Liquid Pipelines), 377 natural gas, 372
Figure 54.9 (Simplified Risk Hierarchy), 381 pressure boundary risk, 19, 96
Figure 54.10 (Example of Relative Ratings of Potential Threats), probability of segment failure, 96
382 ranking process, 95
Figure 54.11 (Risk Matrix), 383 regulations, 374377
Figure 54.12 (Risk Assessment and Mitigation Process Template), remote sensing of encroachment, 417418
383 remote sensing of leaks, 416417
Figure 54.13 (Calculating the Failure Probability from a Limit repair, 402406
State Analysis), 384 right of way patrols, 416
Figure 54.14 (Simple Event Tree to Predict Ignition Probability risk assessment of failures, 376, 378384
Following Rupture), 384 risk-informed-inservice inspection (RI-ISI) process, 95
Figure 54.15 (Possible Scenarios Following a Gas Pipeline risk mitigation, 384386
Rupture), 385 safety, 372374
Figure 54.16 (ALARP Figure), 385 security management programs, 418420
Figure 54.17 (Effect of Three Integrity Strategies on Risk Table 54.2 (Fatality Rate by Mode, 2000), 373
Reduction), 386 Table 54.3 (Major Threats to Transmission Pipelines ASME
Figure 54.18 (Hydrotest Aftermath for Driving Out SCC), 386 B31.8S), 377
Figure 54.19 (Defect Assessment Curve), 387 Table 54.4 (Index Methods for Rating Annual Probability of
Figure 54.20 (Magnetic Flux Leakage), 387 Occurrence), 382
Figure 54.21 (Ultrasonic Tool in a Liquid Batch), 388 Table 54.5 (Matching Risk Severity with Level of Response), 383
Figure 54.22 (Four-Step Direct Assessment Process), 389 Table 54.6 (Defect Detection Capability of Various Inspection
Figure 54.23 (Part Wall [A] and Through Wall [B] Defects), 389 Tools), 388389
Figure 54.24 ([a]Dimensions of a Longitudinal and [b]a Table 54.7 (Attributes of Various Pipe Protection Methods),
Circumferential Through Wall Crack Defect), 394 390393
Figure 54.25 (Dents Under Pressure), 396 Table 54.8 (Methods for Assessing Corrosion), 401
Figure 54.26 (Method of Determining Longitudinal Extent of Table 54.9 (Codes and Standards for Making Repairs, Gas
Localized Corrosion and Interaction Distances), 396 Pipelines and Oil Pipelines), 403
Figure 54.27 (Determination of Nondimensional Variable B), 397 Table 54.10 (Permissibility of Corrosion Repair Technique), 405
Figure 54.28 (Simplified and Detailed RSTRENG Profiles), 398 Table 54.11 (Permissibility of Crack Repair Technique), 406
Figure 54.29 (Profile of Corrosion Depth Along the River Table 54.12 (Permissibility of Mechanical Damage Repair
Bottom Path), 399 Technique), 406
Figure 54.30 (Remaining Strength Assessment Representation of Table 54.13 (Pipeline Corrosion Prevention), 408
Metal Loss), 399 Table 54.14 (Galvanic Series of Common Commercial Metals and
Figure 54.31 (Type A and Type B Sleeves), 400 Alloys in Brine [approx. 25C]), 408
Figure 54.32 (A Composite Wrap Repairs), 402 Table 54.15 (Advantages and Disadvantages of Pipeline Coatings),
Figure 54.33 (Clock Spring(tm) repair), 403 412
Figure 54.34 (Stopple(tm) Bypass Repair Method), 404 Table 54.16 (Classification of Pipeline Coating Tests), 413414
Figure 54.35 (Schematic Showing a Differential Corrosion Cell on third party damage awareness and control, 416418
a Pipeline Surface), 404 ultrasonic testing, 388389, 391, 394, 400
Figure 54.36 (Factors Affecting Corrosion), 405 Pipeline Research Council International (PRCI), 395
Figure 54.37 (Timeline of Coating Development), 407 pipeline repair manual, for gas pipeline repairs, 403
Figure 54.38 (Special Purpose Multilayer Coatings), 409 pipeline repair manual, oil pipeline repairs, 403
Figure 54.39 (Cause of Pipeline Coating Breakdown in Australian Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002, 374, 419
Pipelines), 409 Pipeline transportation, advantages and purposes, 371372
Figure 54.40 (Vertical Anode Arrangement), 410 Pipe rupture, circumferential cracking and, 74
Figure 54.41 (Helicopter-Borne LIDAR Used for Surface Pipe steel
Topography and Leak Detection), 410 J estimation, 115
Figure 54.42 (Buried Fiberoptic Detection Device), 415 NRC/BCL 41111, 115
Figure 54.43 (Synthetic Aperture Radar Scanning Swaths from Pipetronix, 388
Orbiting Satellites), 417 Pipe welds
Figure 54.44 (Vandalized Attack on the Alyeska Pipeline Causing class 1, 9697
Millions of Dollars of Environmental Damage), 418 class 1, Category B-F, 9697
Figure 54.45 (Gas Pipeline System Dependencies Source Argonne class 1, category B-J, 9497
national Laboratories), 419 class 1, category C-F-1, 9697
hydro testing, 376, 386392 class 1, category C-F-2, 9697
inhibitors for protection, 409, 416 class 2, 9697
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 723

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 723

class 2, category B-F, 9697 ultrasonic examination in FFS code (Japan), 278279
class 2, category B-J, 9697 welded, joining procedure qualifications, 140
class 2, category C-F-1, 9697 weld overlay repair, 8182
class 2, category C-F-2, 9697 Piping and Fitting Dynamic Reliability Program, 294
class 3, 9697 Piping element tests, Japanese codes, 297
large-diameter PWR pipe-to-nozzle butt weld, circumferential Piping seismic evaluation methodology, Japanese codes, 269
cracks in, 74 Pitting corrosion
repair/replacement/mitigation activities, 17 age evaluation, 33
Piping. See also Pipeline systems. as pipeline failure mode, 390391, 395, 405408
alloy 600 maintenance program, 84 Plane strain, in elastic component of J, 115
austenitic steel, flaw evaluation, 121 Plane stress, in elastic component of J, 115
austenitic steel, IGSCC, 17 Plant expert panel, 95, 104106
austenitic stainless steel, flaw evaluation, 116118 Plant overall safety, 53
austenitic stainless steels, weld overlay repair as long-term, 19 Plastic collapse, 116118, 387
axial flaws, safety/structural factors, 1819, 118 Plastic deformation, 113, 198
butt welds, cracks/leaks, 63 industrial piping, French codes, 212
Canadian standards, 162, 166167, 171 prevention, French codes, 243
carbon steels, flaw evaluation, 118, 127 Plastic instability
categorization, 134 boilers, French codes, 222
circumferentially flawed, stress ratio, 118 bursting, pressure vessels, 198
crack growth rates, 22, 24 industrial piping, French codes, 209
degradation mechanisms, 96 Plasticity theory, 323
design, load and resistance factor design use, 108 Plastic load line displacement, 115
environmental fatigue effects in a BWR, 21 Plastic pipelines, Canadian standards, 171
failure rate, 96, 99 Plastic strain correction factor (Ke), 245
ferritic stainless steel, flaw evaluation, 118119, 127 French codes, 247
of ferritic stainless steel, structural factors, 117 Plastic zone size, 4748, 113, 122
fracture evaluation, Japanese codes, 281284 Plastic zone size correction, 113
fracture evaluation method selection, Japanese codes, 281, 284 Plate-and-shell theory, 317
fuel channel feeder, 183 Plates
hazard categories if containing a dangerous gas, 133134 center-cracked, loaded to failure, 113114
high-consequence category, 100 construction materials, 149
high-safety significant classification, 100 European standards, 236
inservice inspection standards, 94 J-R curve parameters, 124
intergranular stress corrosion cracking with stainless steels, 1 for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 263
load and resistance factor design, 109 Plutonium
longitudinal flaw sizes, allowable, 118 double containment, 343348, 354355
low consequence category, 96 double containment rule elimination petition (1998), 349350
managing internal corrosion, 5960 double containment rule elimination proposed (1997), 349352
medium consequence category, 96 double containment rule for high level waste, elimination (1998
nominal diameter (DN), 134 final rule), 349354, 349
none consequence category, 100 packaging of fissile material, 341
pressure boundary, 19, 24, 35, 96 sea transport, 352
primary water stress corrosion cracking in butt welds, 74 shipment and quality assurance, 343348
probabilistic EPFM, 125126 solid exemptions from double containment requirements,
probability of crack growth propagating to through-wall, 78 344345
reactor coolant, 66 vitrified high level waste (1997 proposed rule), 349352
risk-informed applications, 109 Plutonium isotopes, 337
risk-informed-inservice inspection, 98100 Plutonium nitrate, 342347
reliability-based load and resistance factor design, 108, 111 Plutonium oxide, 343
remedial measures for IGSCC in BWRs, 83 PMA. See Particular Material Appraisal.
remedial measures for PWSCC in PWRs, 83 Pneumatic testing, 141
residual stress in large diameter butt welds, 83 transport tanks, 366
risk-informed classification and exam requirements, 108 Pneumatic valves, inservice testing using risk insights, 105
in scope of PED, 130131, 133134, 142 P-No. 3, weld procedure, 13
segment degradation risk categories, 96 Poisson effect, 396
seismic design, Japanese codes, 290300 Polyethylene tape coatings, for pipeline systems, 409413
small bore, inservice inspection, 40 Portable tanks, 357367
stainless steel, 1718, 69, 116117 Postulated flaw size, 122
submerged arc weld, crack instability, 117 Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT), 13
through-wall circumferential crack calculation, 115117 for low-alloy steel parts, 63
true-stress true-strain curve, 115 of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 724

724 Index

Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) (continued) Article 5 (Presumption of Conformity), 131, 138, 270, 271, 272,
pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262 368, 369, 561, 668
of welded components, 12, 17, 19 Article 6 (Committee on Technical Standard and Regulations),
Power boilers, Japanese codes, 271 271, 668
Power Generation Facilities Codes Committee, 258 Article 7 (Committee on Pressure Equipment), 271, 272, 668
Power uprate and license renewal, 685 Article 8 (Safeguard Clause), 131, 271, 668
PRA. See Probabilistic risk assessment/analysis. Article 9 (Classification of Pressure Equipment), 131, 133, 198,
PRA Standard. See American Society of Mechanical Engineers 209, 217, 271
Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) Standard. Article 10 (Conformity Assessment), 131, 135, 198, 209, 217
PRCI. See Pipeline Research Council International. Article 11 (European Approval for Materials), 131, 142, 156
PRDs. See Pressure relief devices. Article 12 (Notified Bodies), 131, 554, 557, 663
Precipitation-hardened austenitic steels, fast breeder reactor material, Article 13 (Recognized Third-Party Organizations), 154, 272
251 Article 14 (User Inspectorates), 271, 272
Precipitation hardening alloys, in pressure equipment, 157 Article 15 (CE Marking), 155
Precracked specimen tests loaded to failure, 44 Article 16 (Unduly Affixed CE Marking), 272
Predicted instability load, 116117, 125 Article 17 (Appropriate Measures), 272
Predicted time to crack initiation, 84 Article 18 (Decisions Entailing Refusal or Restriction), 272
Predictive model, in determining PWR component performance, 60 Article 19 (Repeal), 272
Preheating, requirements of welds, 19 Article 20 (Transposition and Transitional Provisions), 131, 272
Preliminary Safety Analysis (PSA) Applications Guide, 96, 106 Article 21 (Addressees of the Directive), 272
Preload, 57, 59 articles, 272
Preservice examination, 103 category A, 201
Presidential Commission, to investigate Three Mile Island, 89 category B, 201
Presidential Decision Directive 63 (PDD-63), 420 category C, 201
Pressure category D, 201
of cylindrical shell, 313314 category Ex (Exceptional), 201
designing for fluctuations in, 2021 classification of pressure equipment, 131
low upper-shelf energy evaluation, 122 comparisons with ASME Code, 147
maximum allowable (PS), 132, 134 conformity assessment categories (I to IV), 310
Pressure accessories, 134 conformity assessment modules, 131, 135, 136, 310
in scope of PED, 130132 conformity assessment procedures, 129, 130, 131, 133, 135, 136,
Pressure-area method, 314, 316, 329 137, 156, 198, 209, 212, 217, 222, 310
Pressure boundary piping, 1, 35, 55, 100 definition, 146
Pressure coils, fired-heater, 168 development of, 324
Pressure cookers, in scope of PED, 133, 154 and EN 13445, 129
Pressure equipment Figure 47.1 (PED Flow chart), 131, 132
components included, 310 Figure 47.2 (Hazard Categories for a Vessel Containing a
European system vs. U.S. System, 149 Dangerous Gas), 134
hazard, level of, 131133, 135 Figure 47.3 (Determination of Hazard Category for a Piping
Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) ((97/23/EC), 129155, Containing a Dangerous Gas), 134, 135
183184, 196, 199, 206, 217218, 220221, 308, final assessment and proof test, 141
310, 321 flow chart, 120, 277, 278, 380, 570,591
Annex I (Essential Safety Requirements), 130131, 133, 138143, Fluid Group 1, 310
147, 151, 157, 198, 209, 212, 218, 259, 310, 554 Fluid Group 2, 310
basic principles, 135, 138, 599, 613 vs. French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653
design, 138139, 151154 guidelines, 144
manufacturing, 139, 154, 173, 187, 226 hazard categories, 133, 134, 138, 198, 209, 212, 217, 218, 220,
Annex II (Conformity Assessment Tables), 131, 133, 134, 198, 627
209, 217, 218, 310, 452, industrial piping, 142, 191, 553, 554
Annex III (Conformity Assessment Procedures), 130, 131, 135, industrial piping risk assessment, 219
198, 209, 217 link with COVAP, 217
Annex IV (Criteria of the Notified Bodies), 138 link with codes and standards, 192, 193
Annex V (Criteria of the User Inspectorates), 144 material specifications, 141, 143, 148, 163, 177, 188
Annex VI (CE marking), 144 New Approach Directives, 129, 131, 138, 144, 145, 147
Annex VII (Declaration of Conformity), 144 Notified Bodies, 129, 137, 138, 142, 310
Annex Z, 147, 149, 193, 310, 325 objectives and requirements, 130
annexes, 131, 133, 153, 271, 361, 364, 368, 665, 668 vs. published document (PD 5500 (U.K.)), 309, 531
Article 1 (Scope and Definition), 131, 133, 153, 153, 271 vs. RCC-M, 248
Article 2 (Market Surveillance), 131, 260, 271, 272, 665 risk assessment of pressure vessels, 320
Article 3 (Technical Requirements), 131, 134, 138, 156, 201, 271, scope, equipment covered, and exclusions, 137
310, 368, 667, 668 technical documentation, 136
Article 4 (Free Movement), 131, 171, 368, 369, 668, 670 Table 47.4 (Selection of Conformity Assessment Procedures), 136
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 725

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 725

Table 47.5 (List of New Approach Directives (as of January in CANDU design, 163
2005)), 144, 145, 146 environmental fatigue effects, 2122
Table 47.6 (European System vs. U.S. System Pressure feed and bleed items, safety significance of, 95
Equipment), 148149 flaw effect on integrity of nuclear components, 4350, 53, 55
Web site, 130 French codes, 226
Pressure Equipment Regulations 1999, 309, 330 hydrogen concentration in primary coolant, 82
Pressure excursions, 45 inclusion criteria (Level A) for (HSS) high-safety significant
Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) 97/23/EC, 547, 553, 561, 563 snubbers, 106
Pressure gauges, in scope of PED, 129, 148, 191, 259, 308 large-diameter pipe weld repair, 81
Pressure hazard level, 131, 133 lithium concentration and pH of primary coolant, 82
Pressure limiting devices, in pressure equipment, 141, 157 LTOP for brittle fracture protection, 43, 49
Pressure load, 44, 47, 49 nozzle cracking, 10
Pressure piping, Canadian standards, 162, 168, 170, 288, 422 operating cycle, 74
Pressure regulations, in scope of PED, 626, 628, 633 passive structural components, 57
Pressure relief devices (PRD), 169, 192, 357, 358,, 368, 370, 666, pressure-temperature heatup and cooldown curves, 43, 4549
677 primary water stress corrosion cracking and, 69, 73, 78
Canadian standards, 160 primary coolant water chemistry, 67, 78
Pressure stress intensity factor, 47, 49 reactor coolant water chemistry changes, 67, 80
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000, 310 risk-informed process, 98
Pressure-temperature (P-T), rate of temperature change affecting, 49 top-head nozzles, repairs, 8182
Pressure-temperature (P-T) limit, 49 zinc added to coolant, 82
Pressure-temperature (P-T) limit curves, 49 Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Owners Group,
pressurized water reactor heatup and cooldown curves, 45, 60, 63 aging mechanism study programs effects, 57
Pressure test, minimum internal, 249 Pressurized water reactor plant
Pressure testing, 18, 108, 148, 153, 171, 283, 308 personnel radiation exposure, 53
Canadian standards, 160 plant safety, 53
French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253 use of alloy 600 base metal, 63
pipeline systems, 372 Pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessel(s)
risk categories and, 96, 526 absence of inner surface flaws, 5152
risk-informed initiatives, 107, 108 alloy 600 applications, 6366
transport tanks, 357, 358 beltline material, 4445, 49
Pressure tube, 159 beltline region, brittle failure at, 43, 55
containing pressurized coolant in CANDU design, 163 beltline weld, 48
Pressure vessel degradation predictions of PWSCC, 7679
boiling water reactor, 10, 25 embrittlement, 50
boiling water reactor probabilistic fracture mechanics for failure/fracture, 4344
inspection exemption, 10 Figure 44.1 (Locations with Alloys 600/82/182 Materials in
burial, Canadian standards (Annex A), 159, 160 Typical PWR Vessel), 6364
Canadian non-nuclear standards, 162 inspection methods of PWSCC and requirements, 7172
Canadian standards, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 168 integrity analysis, 50, 5455
categorization, 134 primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC), 63, 6668
French codes, 191, 193, 196, 253, 653 primary water stress corrosion cracking of alloy 600 material,
hazard categories if containing a dangerous gas, 133 operating experience, 6871
inservice inspection, Canadian,181 probability of failure as a function of pressure temperature, 55
inspection, French codes, 206 remedial measures of PWSCC, 8081
Japanese codes, 257, 258, 259 repairs of PWSCC, 7982
multilayer, Japanese codes, 262 safety considerations of PWSCC, 7374
nondestructive examination, French codes, 240 strategic planning for PWSCC, 8384
risk assessment, French codes, 198 surveillance program, 50
in scope of PED, 130, 131, 133, 134 top head insulation, 74, 75
Pressure Vessel Research Council (PVRC), EPRI/GE methodology, toughness level of plates, 50
adoption of, 21 Pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessel internals
Pressure Vessel Research Council (PVRC) Task Group, 54 aging management of, 5760
Pressure Vessel Research Council Task Group on Toughness aging management strategies, 5960
Requirements, 44 aging mechanisms, 57
Pressurized food processing equipment, 156 enhanced visual (VT) examinations, 60
Pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR), 163 irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking, 59
Pressurized thermal shock (PTS), 30, 32, 44, 51, 56 irradiation embrittlement, 59
fracture toughness requirements, 33 stress corrosion cracking, 59
Pressurized water reactor (PWR), 1 stress relaxation, 59
austenitic stainless steel, fatigue crack growth rate, 2122 structure/component, loss of material due to aging, 58
brittle fracture protection, 45, 4950 support, in event of structural failure, 66
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 726

726 Index

Pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessel internals (continued) capability category II, 9293
thermal aging embrittlement, 59 capability category III, 9293
void swelling, 59 codes and standards guiding, 102103, 106107
Pressurizer heater sleeve, 8485 component ranking, plant specific, 104
use of alloy 600, 63, 68 to determine allocation of resources, 89
Pressurizer welds, 73 to determine inservice activities, 89, 94, 107108
Prestressed concrete containment vessels (PCCV), Japanese codes, to determine risk importance, 89
287 impact, 92
Primary bending stress, 18, 118119, 121. See also Stresses. of Level 1, 106
containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346347 Level 2, 106
transport tanks, 362 Level 3, 106
Primary bending stress intensity, 272 limitations, 100
Primary coolant system piping system examinations, 9697
alloy 600/82/182 cracks/leaks, 63 plant-specific to determine safety significance of SSCs, 99
boron added in PWR plants, 73 ranking measures, 104
hydrogen concentration, 82 RI-IST and, 104
leaks, 63, 69, 72 shutdown, 104, 106, 114
lithium concentration and pH, 82 for valves, 115
zinc addition, 82, 84 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) Standard. See American
Primary heat transport system (PHTS), 163165, 174, 177 Society of Mechanical Engineers Probabilistic Risk
Primary loading, 109 Assessment Standard.
Primary membrane stress, 18, 118119, 121. See also Stresses. Production from a well, measurement of, 372
French codes, 242, 253 Production weld test coupons, 248
nuclear power plant piping, 295, 299 Product verification, 135136
nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 324 Proof test, 141, 148
Primary membrane stress intensity, 273 for cast iron boilers, 169
Primary stress, 125 pipe fittings, 169
Primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC), 64 of pressure equipment, 154155
of alloys 600/82/182 in PWR plants, 6382 transport tanks, 366
as axial, 67 Property damage, from pipeline incidents, 371374
causes: environmental, 6668 PS. See Pressure, maximum allowable.
causes: material susceptibility, 6667 PSA. See Preliminary safety analysis.
causes: tensile stresses, 6667 PSAR. See Preliminary Safety Analysis Report.
conditions of PWSCC susceptibility, 68 PSDAR. See Post-Shutdown Decommissioning Activities Report.
crack arrest, 69 PT. See Liquid penetrant examination.
crack growth, 67 PT. See Penetrant testing.
crack growth behavior in alloy 600, 79 P-T. See Pressure-temperature.
cracking issue in pressurized water reactors, 74 PTS. See Pressurized thermal shock.
crack initiation, 67, 76, 79 Public Law 104, 358
description, 66 Public Law 104113 (National Technology Transfer and
inspection methods/requirements to identify, 7172 Advancement Act), 354355
predicting time to crack initiation, 76, 84 Published Document (PD) 5500 (United Kingdom), 138139,
in PWR RPV inlet/outlet nozzles, 74 309314
remedial measures, 8284 Annex A, 317, 320, 323324
repair of RPV alloy 600 components, 80 Annex B, 313
resistant materials, 84 Annex C, 319325, 330
small cracks, 73 Annex D, 325
susceptibility of alloys 81/182, 66 Annex G, 319320, 324, 329330
Principal (CODAP), 207 Annex G.2, 320
Principal, for boilers, French codes, 224 Annex G2.5, 315
Probabilistic EPFM, 126 Annex K, 312
Probabilistic failure mechanics (PFM), 94 Annex M, 313314
Probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis, 7, 55, 79 Annex Z, 310
as alternative for assessing margins in Appendix G method, 56 Appendix F, 316
code, VIPER, 11 bolted flanged joints, 316317
for inspection exemption, 6 design, 312, 316317
predicting PWSCC on Alloy 600/82/182 in PWRs, 76, 79 design for fatigue, 320321
Probabilistic risk assessment analysis (PRA), 33 Enquiry case 5500/116, 329
applications, piping systems, 95 Enquiry case 5500/122, 330
to assess risk of leaks, 84 Enquiry case 5500/126, 318
background, 89 Enquiry case 5500/128, 318
capability category I, 9293 Enquiry case 5500/130, 329
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 727

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 727

Enquiry case 5500/133 (Rectangular, Narrow-Faced and Pure water stress corrosion cracking. See Primary water stress
Full-Faced Flanges), 317 corrosion cracking (PWSCC).
Figure 51.1 (Values of Coefficient _ for Cone/Cylinder Intersection PVE/Pressure Vessels, 309
without Knuckle), 313 PVE/1, Pressure Vessels (technical committee), 309
Figure 51.2 (Buckling Forms for Stiffener Cylindrical Shells), PVE/1/15 Design Methods, 309
313314 PVRC. See Pressure Vessel Research Council.
Figure 51.3 (Theoretical Buckling Strain e as a Function of Shell PVRUF reactor pressure vessel, 52
Length, Radius, and Thickness), 314315 PWHT. See Postweld heat treatment.
Figure 51.4 (Nondimensionalised Allowable External Pressure vs. PWR. See Pressurized water reactor.
Theoretical Collapse Load), 314, 316 PWSCC. See Primary water stress corrosion cracking.
Figure 51.5 (Jacketed Vessel Types), 318 Pyrophoric liquids, 340
Figure 51.6 (Limpet Coil Arrangement), 318
Figure 51.7 (Limpet Coil Arrangement for Use in Stiffening for QA. See Quality assurance.
External Pressure Loading), 318 QAPP. See Quality Assurance Program Plan.
Figure 51.8 (ASME-Based/Old BS 5500 Fatigue Design Curve), QC. See Quality control specialists.
321 QI. See Qualified Inspectors.
Figure 51.9 (Fatigue Design Curves from Annex C of PD 5500), QIO. See Qualified Inspection Organization.
321322 Qualification of welders, oil and gas pipeline systems, Canadian, 170
Figure 51.10 (Annex A Stress Categories and Limits of Stress Qualified Inspectors (QI), 366
Intensity-Hopper Diagram), 324 Qualified Inspection Organizations (QIO), 366
Figure 51.11 (Dished End Thicknesses Compared for 2:1 Qualification of NDT for ISI, 568
Ellipsoidal Form), 328 Quality assurance (QA), 135136, 144
Figure 51.12 (Dished End Thicknesses Compared for 10% focusing in CDF-vulnerable components, 90
Torispherical Form), 328 French codes, 229, 233234, 241
Figure 51.13 (Dished End Thicknesses for 6% Torispherical Form pipe fittings, 169
Compared), 328 plutonium shipments, 343345
flat plates and covers, 317 of pressure equipment, 156
Form X, 311 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 268
inspection, 319 radioactive material packagings, 343344, 345
jacketed vessels, 318 Quality assurance program, 101
loads, local, 319320 Canadian standards, 163
materials, 311312 CANDU nuclear power plants, 171, 173, 177178
nozzle reinforcing, 314316 radioactive material packaging, 349350
sections and appendices, 311 Quality Assurance Program (Z series), 162
shells under external pressure, 313316 Quality Assurance Requirements for Transport Packages, 1978
shells under internal pressure, 312313 effective rule, 345
supports, 319 Quality control
Table 51.1 (Comparison of the Bases of ASME and PD 5500 licensee of fissile material shipments, 338
Fatigue Methods), 321 spent fuel storage containers and transportation casks, 452
Table 51.2 (Fatigue Design Curves, Details of), 322323 Quality Control Program, Canadian standards, 168169
Table 51.3 (Nominal Design Stresses), 326 Quality Control Program Manufacturers of Fittings, Canadian
Table 51.4 (Testing Groups for Steel Pressure Vessels), 327 standards, 168
testing, 319 Quality Management Systems (CAN/CSA-ISO-9001-00), 162
tubesheets, 324 Quantitative risk analysis, of pipeline failure possibility, 382
Published Document (PD) 6439 (Stress Calculation Methods for Quenched and tempered non-alloy steels, for pressure vessels, French
Local Loads and Attachments of Pressure Vessels), 313 codes, 223224
Published Document (PD) 6497 (Stresses in Horizontal Cylindrical Quenched and tempered steels
Pressure Vessels), 311, 319, 330 for industrial piping, French codes, 224
Published Document (PD) 6550 (Supplement to BS 5500), 311, 313, for pressure equipment, French codes, 223
324, 330331
PUC. See Public Utility Commission. Radial/shear stress, concrete containment vessels, 288
Pumps Radial shrinkage, in weld repairs, 18
cavitation, 45 Radiation damage, on pressurized water reactor vessel materials, 43
group A, 105 Radiation embrittlement, 43, 54, 125
group B (standby), 105 Radiation exposure, 339
high-safety significant (HSS) category, 105 employees, 53
low-safety significant (LSS) category, 104, 108 Japanese codes, 292294
OMN-Code testing program, 105 Off-site, 30
Risk-informed IST application, 103 Radiation shielding, 335
seal, 50 Radiation unit, 337
Pump sizing, French codes, 246247 Radioactive materials, responsibility for cleaning up spills, 340
Puncture/tearing test, 336 Radioactive release, risk assessment of, 90
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 728

728 Index

Radiographic inspection failure probabilities, 5556


Canadian standards, 171 ferritic steels, local brittle zones, 53
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 184, 185, 187 integrity limits, 5456
French codes, 240, 249 lowering head temperature, 84
pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 264265 nozzles, 911, 65, 72, 7779, 83
welds in calandria assemblies, Canadian, 175 pressure boundary, 57
zirconium alloy components, 176177 repair/replacement activity, 7880, 84
Radiography, 400 top head, 65, 69, 72, 84
Radiological exposure hazard models, 292 top head insulation, 72
Radiological impacts, fusion reactors, Japanese codes, 292294 top head nozzle leak, 7273, 8082, 84
Radiotoxicity of isotope, 436 top head PWSCC, 69, 83
Radium, shipments of, 342 upper shelf energy, 15, 124
RAI. See Request for additional information. vessel-to-shroud support weld cracking, 13
Ramberg-Osgood curve, 114 wastage (Davis Besse) of low-alloy steel, 69
Ramberg-Osgood model, 121 weld examinations, 67, 69
Ramberg-Osgood parameters, 119 Reactor pressure vessel internals, French codes, 247
Ramberg-Osgood stress-strain equation, 121 Reactor pressure vessel outlet nozzle butt welds, 6970
RAMSES committee, 193 Reactor Safety Study, 89
Random (sample) testing, joint coefficients allowed, 139 Redundancy principles, 58
Ratcheting Reference fracture toughness curves, 5055, 59
nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323 Reference limit load bending stress, 118
prevention, French codes, 243, 251 Reference load, 115
thermal, in cylindrical containment vessels, 345 Refined hydrocarbon product, types, 371
Ratcheting fatigue, 299300 Refineries, risk analysis and security of, 110
low-cycle, 299300 Refrigeration, Japanese codes, 261
piping failure during earthquakes, Japanese codes, 295 Refrigeration equipment, Canadian standards, 168
seismic shakedown, Japan, 295296 Refueling outage, 84
RAW. See Risk achievement worth. inservice examination during, 8, 7172
RCC-C. See Design and Construction Rules for Fuel Assemblies of repair/replacement during, 13, 84
Nuclear Power Plants. Refueling station pressure piping systems, 170
RCC-E. See Design and Construction Rules for Electrical Equipment Registration
of Nuclear Islands. Canadian standards, 168169
RCC-G. See Design and Construction Rules for Civil Works of PWR CANDU nuclear power plants, 172, 174
Nuclear Islands. Registration numbers
RCC-I. See Design and Construction Rules for Fire Protection. Canadian, 169170
RCC-M. See Design and Construction Rules for Mechanical CANDU nuclear power plants, 174
Components of PWR Nuclear Islands. regulation of pressure equipment in Spain, 563
RCC-MR. See Design and Construction Rules for Mechanical Regulation on Pressurized Apparatus, 563
Components of FBR Nuclear Islands. Re-heaters, 156
RCC-P. See Design and Construction Rules for System Design, Reinforced concrete containments vessels (RCCV), Japanese codes, 287
French Codes. Reliability methods, first- and second-order, 126
RCCV. See Reinforced concrete containments vessels. Relief valves, 45
RCRA. See Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. repair guidelines, Canadian standards, 168169
RCS. See Reactor coolant system. Remedial measures for PWSCC test program, 75, 82
Reactivity control units, CANDU nuclear power plants, 175 Repair, 84
Reactor building, 165166 of boiling water reactors, 1
Reactor coolant cost of, 84
environmental impact on components, 3435, 37 of flaws, 1719, 8081
temperature, LTOP setpoint and, 50 of intergranular stress corrosion cracking in stainless
Reactor coolant system (RCS) steel piping, 17
aging mechanisms, 57 pipeline systems, 375, 402407
levels of corrosion products in, 63 of pressurized water reactors, 7982, 85
metal fatigue, 21 of primary water stress corrosion cracking, 63, 7982
piping, 31 weld overlay, 8182
pressure boundary, integrity, 30, 9899, 104 weld replacement, 8182
primary coolant system cracks/leaks, 63 Repair/replacement activities, 97, 100101
PWSCC occurrences, 68 in age management programs, 59
Reactor pressure vessel (RPV), 1 plan document, 102
beltline materials, 126 of pressure boundary components, 80
bottom head, 65, 7173, 77 reactor vessel heads, 65
end-of-life value, 55 RI-ISI programs, 95
environmental fatigue effects, 21 risk-informed, 98
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 729

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 729

structural integrity treatment, 101 Risk studies, 9091


technical requirements, 101102 RMA. See Rubber Manufacturers Association.
Reportable incident, defined, 373 Roll expansion repair, 1213
Request for additional information (RAI), 33, 3637, 39 Role of regulatory authority, 83
Re-rounding, 397 Roll peening, to reduce potential PWSCC, 59
Residual stress, 22, 24, 125, 140 Root cause determination, 35, 59
from fabrication, 69 of component aging, 35
French codes, 253 RPV. See Reactor pressure vessel.
hoop, 67 R ratio, 5
reversing, 83 environmentally assisted fatigue crack growth in BWR
surface, from machining or grinding, 80, 83 environment, 22
susceptibility to PWSCC and, 6667, 69 RRM, risk-informed, 109
from welds, 1718, 51, 55, 73, 77, 81 RSE-M. See Inservice Inspection Rules for Mechanical Components
welds, PD 5500 (U.K.), 322323 of PWR Nuclear Islands.
Residual stress improvement processes, as remedial measure for R-6 methodology, 114, 121
PWSCC, 83 R Stamp, 366367
Residual stress improvement program, as remedial measure for RSTRENG, 376, 399400
IGSCC, 83 RTNDT brittle to ductile transition temperature determination,
Response analysis method, 299300 French codes, 249
RI-ISI. See Risk-informed inservice inspection. RTPO, 148
RI-IST. See Risk-informed inservice testing. approval of joining procedure qualifications, 140
Ring forgings, 4950 approval of NDE examiners, 148
Ringhal 3 nuclear power plant, 70 Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA), 162
Ringhal 4 nuclear power plant, 70 Rubber Manufacturers Association standards, RMA IP-2, 170
Ring stiffeners, 313314 Rules on Design and Construction for Nuclear Power Plants, 275
RISC. See ANS Risk-Informed Standards Committee. Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants
Rise-time-based model, for environmental fatigue effects, 22 (Japan, 2000), 275
Risk achievement worth (RAW), 106 Rules on Thermal Power Generation Facilities, 259
Risk assessment, 89 Rupture, 8384
industrial piping, French codes, 212, 219220 of radioactive material packaging, 352353, 354
pipeline failure, 380386 Rupture disks, 359
pipeline systems, 376 Russian Regulation and Codes in Nuclear Power, 601
pressure vessels, French codes, 198, 200201
Risk-based criteria, 159 Sacrificial cathodic systems, 169, 189
Risk categorization, 96, 101 Safe-end welds, 17, 19, 24
of pipe segment risk evaluation, 95 Safeguard action, 144
Risk-informed (RI) analysis, 90 Safe operation, 145
applications, 103 Safe shutdown, 30, 98
capability of PRA to support application, 9194 Safety
decommissioning of nuclear facilities, 425 different classes of packages of special nuclear material, 334
future plans for, 107110 emergency response plans of pipeline companies, 421
HSS classification and, 100 identifying concerns using PRA, 89
IST application, 103 Japanese codes and standards, 259
preservice, 103 plant overall, 53
repair/replacement requirements, 97, 101, 108 RCC-M French codes, 228229, 249
risk category and, 97 risk from boric acid corrosion, 74
safety classification, 98100, 103, 108 Safety accessories, 134
security applications, 89, 110 in scope of PED, 130131, 139, 153154
standard for use of PRA, 9093 Safety analysis, 32
in testing mechanical equipment, 103 Safety analysis report (SAR), 418
Risk-informed (RI) decision-making, PRA Standard application, 91 Safety classification, 100
Risk-informed (RI) fracture mechanics evaluations, 126 of HSS/LSS component categories, 100, 106
Risk-informed-inservice inspection (RI-ISI), 95, 96, 100 risk-informed, 96, 98100, 103, 109110
current scope, 93 safety-related (SR) vs. no safety related (NSR) classification, 100
future applications, 108 Safety coefficients, 151152
overall process, 95 Safety devices
of piping, 99, 100 French codes, 249
reevaluation, 96 on pressure equipment, inspection, 141, 155, 168, 249
Risk-informed inservice testing (RI-IST), 103105 Safety evaluation (SE), 3233
Risk management, 107 of BWR stainless steel internals, 23
definition, 381 Safety evaluation report (SER), 3334, 37, 39
Risk neutral situation, 97 Safety factors. See Structural factors.
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 730

730 Index

Safety functions Secondary bending stress, 118119. See also Stresses.


core damage protection, 96 Secondary stresses, 124125
large early release frequency, 96 in containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346
during shutdown, 104 membrane, French codes, 251252
Safety hazards, radioactive material accidental release, 181 nuclear power plants, Japanese codes, 294295
Safety lock, fuel-handling equipment, CANDU nuclear power nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 324
plants, 175 Section I (Power Boilers), 147, 169170, 188, 258259, 364
Safety margins, 100 vs. COVAP (French Boiler Code), 224
French codes, 238239, 245 vs. Japanese codes, 268270
of nuclear reactors, 43, 4951 Section II (Materials), 267, 286
overall plant safety and, 53 Appendix 1, 287
pipeline systems, 384 Appendix 2, 287
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 321 Appendix 5, 287
of pressurized water reactor vessels, 43 vs. French codes, 230
probability fracture mechanics used, 56 vs. Japanese codes, 268269, 286287
Safety measures Part A (Materials: Ferrous Material Specifications), 169, 188
fusion reactors, Japanese codes, 292294 PartB (Materials: Nonferrous Material Specifications), 169, 188
Japanese codes, 260261 Part C (Materials: Specification for Welding Rods, Electrodes and
Safety objectives, 129130, 138 Filler Materials), 169, 188
Safety related (SR) Part D (Materials: Properties), 169, 188, 275, 359, 362363
definition, 98 Table U, 311
structures, systems, and components (SSC), special treatment, 98 vs. PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Safety-related (SR) classification, 100 Section III (Power Piping Codes), 118, 124, 193
Safety/relief devices, Canadian standards, 169 Addenda, 295
Safety Report, French codes (RCC-M), 215, 230, 250 allowable stresses for reactor vessel components, 67
Safety requirements, 147151 for Canadian nuclear construction standards, 159
Safety reviews, for license renewal, 3031 Class 1 systems, 1, 6, 346
Safety significance categories Class 2 systems, 108
HSS (high-safety significance) as, 104 Class 3 systems, 108, 293, 295
LSS (low-safety significance) as, 104 Code cases, 108
Safety systems developing reliability-based load and resistance factor design
effects of aging on, 58 methods for piping, 107
low-safety significance of, 100 fatigue design curves, 21
Safety valves, 141 Figure 42.1 (Audit of AMPs Consistent with the GALL Report),
French codes, 249 36
repair guidelines, Canadian standards, 168 Figure 42.2 (Audit of Plant-Specific AMPs), 37
Sample package, 336 Figure 42.3 (AMP Review Process, Consistent with GALL
Sample size, 58 Report), 38
Sampling, as inspection method, 58 Figure 42.4 (AMR Review Process, Consistent with Precedent), 39
SAR. See Safety analysis report. Figure 42.5 (Interim Staff Guidance Process Flow Chart), 4041
SAR. See Synthetic aperture radar imaging. Figure 43.8 (Charpy V-Notch Surveillance Data Showing RTNDT
SARA. See Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act. Shift Due to Irradiation), 5051
Satellites-optical systems, 418 Figure 44.1 (Locations with Alloys 600/82/182 Materials in PWR
surveillance of pipeline systems, 418419 Vessel), 64
SAW. See Submerged arc welding. Figure 44.2 (Typical Control Rod Drive Mechanism (CRDM)
SBC. See Systems-Based Code. Nozzle), 65
SCADA. See Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition. Figure 44.3 (Bottom-Mounted Instrument (BMI) Nozzle), 65
Scale model testing, 6 Figure 44.4 (Typical Reactor Vessel Inlet/Outlet Nozzle), 66
SCC. See Standards Council of Canada. Figure 44.5 (Typical Core Support Lug), 66
SCC. See Stress corrosion cracking. Figure 44.6 (Alloy 600 Crack Growth Rate at 338C Plotted vs.
SCO. See Surface contaminated object. Hydrogen Concentration), 6768
Scoping methodology, 41 Figure 44.7 (Effects of Hydrogen Concentration on PWSCC
for license renewal, 32 Initiation and Growth), 68
review process, 3233 Figure 44.8 (Typical Small Volume of Leakage from CRDM
SCRAM (rapid reactor shutdown), 2021, 31, 3233 Nozzle), 69, 71
Screening methodology, 41, 59 vs. French codes, 226, 229, 236237, 246247
for license renewal, 32 intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 1
review process, 3233 vs. Japanese codes, 272273, 275, 284
SCV. See Steel containment vessels. joint design with American Concrete Institute, 400
SDO. See Standards-developing organizations. material fracture toughness requirements, 348
SDWA. See Safe Drinking Water Act. nuclear requirements, 102
SE. See Safety evaluation. pressure-retaining components, 20
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 731

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 731

pressurized water reactor vessel design requirements, 43 Section III, Division 2 (Code for Concrete Reactor Vessels and
service-induced degradation in BWR vessels, internals, and Containments), 171172, 189
pressure boundary piping, 24 Class MC, components, provisions for, 172
Table 42.1 (Consistent with GALL Report Classification), 3334 vs. Japanese codes, 270, 287, 289
Table 42.2 (Elements of an Aging Management Program), 35 Subsection NCA, 172173
Table 44.1 (Factors on Crack Initiation and Growth Time at NCA-2142, 173
Typical PWR Temperatures), 67, 76 NCA-2143, 173
Task Group, environmental fatigue effects, 21 NCA-3250, 173
Section III, Division 1 (Rules for Construction of Nuclear Power NCA-3550, 173
Plant Components), 34, 42, 171173, 188, 194, 259 NCA-3800, 102
Appendix I, 358 Section III, Division 3 (Containment Systems for Transport
Appendix III, 45 Packaging), 174
Appendix XIII, 237 adoption by USNRC, 354, 353
Appendix XIV, 237 vs. Japanese codes, 268269
Appendix A, 37 Section III, Division 4, vs. Japanese codes, 291
Appendix B, 173 Section IV (Heating Boilers), 169
Appendix C, 173 Section V (Nondestructive Examination), 169, 177,
Appendix G (Protection Against Nonductile Failure), 4346, 60, 183, 188
113, 124, 245 vs. Japanese codes, 270
Figure 43.9 (ASME Codes KIR Toughness Curves), 51 Section VIII, 138139, 317
G-2120 (Maximum Postulated Defect), 56 canister design requirements for radioactive materials,
KIR curve, 53 349
vs. EN 13445, 327 vs. Japanese codes, 270
fatigue design procedure, 20 nuclear requirements, 102
Figure 19.2 (Fatigue Design Curve for Ni-Cr-Fe), 14 pressurized water reactor vessel design requirements, 43
maximum postulated defect, related to allowable surface Section VIII, Division 1 (Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels),
indications (Section XI), 44 147, 169170, 258259, 347, 360, 364
vs. RCC-M, 254 compared to CODAP rules (French codes), 208
required weld overlay thickness, 20 vs. EN 13445, 328329
Subsection NA, 347 vs. Japanese codes, 259, 272
Article III2000, 347 production tests, 264
Subsection NB, 1, 172, 189, 248, 290, 347 Subsection A (General Requirements for All Methods of
NB-2300, 44, 60 Construction and All Materials), 151
NB-2330, 44 Part UD, 359
NB-2331, 50 Part UG, 359360
NB-3000, 18 UG-22, 361
NB-3200, primary stress intensity limits, 20, 175, 238 Figure UG-31, 262
NB-3222.4, 245 UG-44, 169
NB-3228.5, 274 UG-46, 179
NB-3600, 239, 246 UG-90, 365
NB-3650, 18 UG-93, 366
NB-3661.2, 245 Section VIII, Division 1, Subsection B (Requirements Pertaining to
NB-4000, 238 Methods of Fabrication of Pressure Vessels)
Subsection NC, 172, 176, 236 Part UW, 365367
NC-3200, 175, 237 UW-2, 364
NC-3300, 175 UW-3, 364
NC-3352.4(d), 175 Table UW-12, 262
NC-3671.2, 175 UW-40, 365
NC-3800, 247 UW-50, 366
NC-3900, 247 UW-51, 366
Subsection ND, 172, 248, 347 UW-52, 366
vs. Japanese codes, 294 Section VIII, Division 1, Subsection C
ND-3671.2, 175 Part UCS (Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of
ND-3800, 247 Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels)
ND-3900, 247 Table UCS-23, 262263
Subsection NE, 171, 176 UCS-56, 365
Subsection NF, 174, 347 UCS-85, 262
NF-2000, 177 Part UHA (Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of
NF-3200, 175 High-Alloy Steel)
NF-3300, 175 Table UHA-23, 262263
Subsection NG, 1, 347 Part UHX, 208
Subsection NH, 275 UHX-12, 208
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 732

732 Index

Section VIII, Division 1, Subsection C (continued) Figure 41.12 (BWR Feedwater Nozzle Inspection Zones), 12
Part UNF (Requirements for Pressure Vessels Constructed of Figure 41.13 (BWR Set-in CRD Stub Tube Design), 12
Nonferrous Materials) Figure 41.14 (Stub Tube Narrow Groove Welded Partial Design), 13
Table UNF-23, 262263 Figure 41.15 (BWR-2 Shroud Support Geometry), 14
Section VIII, Division 1, Appendices 132 Figure 41.16 (Calculated Values of Total K and the Polynomial
Appendix 1, vs. PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 Fit), 14
Appendix 13, 329 Figure 41.17 (Predicted Crack Growth as Function of Operating
Appendix 26, 208 Hours), 14
Appendix L, 363 Figure 41.18 (Steam Dryer Support Bracket Crack), 1415
Appendix EE, 318 Figure 41.19 (Temperature-Time Variations during Automatic
Section VIII, Division 2 (Alternate Rules for Pressure Vessels), 20, Blowdown Transient), 1516
169,188189, 288 Figure 41.20 (Assessment for Level C Conditions), 1516
class 1 vessel, 266267 Figure 41.21 (Weld Overlay Repair), 17
compared to CODAP rules (French codes), 208 Figure 41.22 (Dissimilar Metal Weld Overlay), 19
Section VIII, Division 2, Mandatory Appendices Figure 41.23 (Design versus Actual Number of Transient Events),
Appendix 4, 362 21
Appendix 5, 362 Figure 41.24 (Severity of Transient Actual Temperature Change
Section VIII, Division 3, 169, 188, 261 versus Percentage of Design Basis), 21
Section IX (Welding and Brazing Qualifications), 169, 188 Figure 41.25 (Effect of Loading Conditions on Environmentally
brazing and welding procedures, Canadian, 169 Assisted Fatigue Crack Growth and Comparison with ASME
vs. French codes, 253 Section XI Curves), 22, 24
vs. Japanese codes, 264, 270 Figure 41.26 (Crack Growth Rate Prediction Model), 2223
Part QW, 248 Figure 41.27 (Comparison of BWRVIP-14 and Japan Maintenance
welding requirements, 148 Code Predictions), 23
Section X (Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels), 169, 188 Figure 41.28 (BWRVIP-60 Stress-Corrosion Cracking Deposition
Section XI (Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Reactor Cooling Lines), 23
Systems), 4, 87, 103, 127, 181, 187188 Figure 41.29 (Crack Length versus Total Time-on-Test), 24
Addenda (2002 Edition), 118119, 121 Figure 41.30 (Predicted Crack Growth in Safe End), 24
allowable surface indications, related to maximum postulated Section XI, Division 1, Nonmandatory Appendices
defect (Section III), 56 Figure 43.1 (Mm Factor for Membrane Stress Intensity Factor), 46
BWR requirements, 1 Figure 43.2 (Mt Factor vs. Thickness for Bending Stress Intensity
BWR steam dryer assembly/steam flow path, 67 Factor), 46
CANDU equivalent, 159 Figure 43.3 (Linearized Representation of Stresses for Surface
Class 1 components Flaws), 4647
fabricated with Alloys 600/82/182 materials, 71 Figure 43.4 (Examples of 50F/hr. Cooldown Curves), 48
high-safety significance (HSS) items, 95 Figure 43.5 (Assumed Axial Flaws in Circumferential Welds), 49
piping, 98 Figure 43.6 (Circumferential Flaws in Girth Welds), 49
Class 2 components Figure 43.7 (Fixed LTOP Setpoint Affects Operating Window), 50
high-safety significance items, 95 Figure 43.8 (Charpy V-Notch Surveillance Data Showing RTNDT
piping, 98 Shift Due to Irradiation), 50
systems, 108 Figure 43.9 (ASME Code KIC Toughness Curves), 51
Class 3 components Figure 43.10 (Static Fracture Toughness Data (KJC) Now
high-safety significance items, 95 Available, Compared to KIC), 52
piping, 89, 98 Figure 43.11 (Original Reference Toughness Curve, with
systems, 108 Supporting Data), 52
Code Cases, 94106, 108, 109 Figure 43.12 (KIC Reference Toughness Curve with Screened Data
code requirements for safety relation, 95 in the Lower Temperature Range), 52
conditional consequence of failure, 93 Figure 43.13 (Original ASME KIC Data and New Variable TKIC-T),
Figure 41.1 (Overview of BWR Pressure Vessel and Internal 53
Components), 12 Figure 43.14 (Original KIC Toughness Data versus T-T0), 54
Figure 41.2 (BWR Core Shroud Weld Designations), 3 Figure 43.15 (Fracture Toughness Data Normalized to 1T and
Figure 41.3 (A Distributed Ligament Length Example), 3 Compared to Code Case N-629 Curve), 54
Figure 41.4 (Typical Geometry of a BWR Jet Pump), 5 Figure 43.16 (Comparison of Residuals from ASTM E 900-02 and
Figure 41.5 (Sample of Stress Time History at Cracked Location), Recent NRC Embrittlement Trend Curve Equations), 55
5, 9 Figure 43.17 (Estimates of Crack Initiation Compared to P-T
Figure 41.6 (Crack Lengths for Core Flow Levels), 6 Limits for Normal Cooldown Transient), 55
Figure 41.7 (BWR Steam Dryer Assembly), 7 Figure 43.18 (Relationship Between Maximum Postulated Defect
Figure 41.8 (Steam Dryer Damage), 8 and Allowable Surface Indications), 56
Figure 41.9 (Feedwater Nozzle with Cracking Location), 9 Figure 43.19 (Framework for Implementation of Aging
Figure 41.10 (Improved Sleeve Design and Temperature Management Using Inspections and Flaw Evaluation), 5960
Variation), 11 Figure 44.8 (Typical Small Volume of Leakage from CDRM
Figure 41.11 (Fracture Mechanics Results for BWRs), 9, 12 Nozzle), 69, 72
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 733

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 733

Figure 44.9 (Large Volume of Wastage on Davis-Besse Reactor future inspection requirements of dissimilar metal butt welds, 72
Vessel Head), 70, 74 inspection requirements for alloy 600 components, 72
Figure 44.10 (Through-Wall Crack and Part-Depth Circumferential inspection requirements for alloys 82/182 welds, 72
Crack in V.C. Summer Reactor Vessel Hot-Leg Outlet inspection sample sizes, 182
Nozzle), 70 intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 1
Figure 44.11 (Leak from South Texas 1 BMI Nozzle), 7173 vs. Japanese codes, 276, 278280
Figure 44.12 (Schematic of RPV Top-Head Nozzle Geometry and Section XI (Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Reactor Cooling
Nature of Observed Cracking), 74 Systems)
Figure 44.13 (Plan and Cross-Section through Corroded Part of Main Committee, alternate inspection frequency, 11
Davis-Besse Reactor Vessel Head), 7475 pressure testing, leakage, 108
Figure 44.14 (Cross-Section through Davis-Besse Reactor Vessel reactor pressure vessel inside surface flaws and, 51
Head), 75 repair and replacement, 9799
Figure 44.15 (Distribution of Log-Mean CGR Power Law RI-ISI, 97
Constant for the 26 Heats of Alloy 600 Material with risk inform code design rules, 89
Log-Normal Fit to the Data), 77 risk inform code requirements for inservice testing, 89
Figure 44.16 (Typical Crack Growth Predictions for a service-induced degradation in BWR vessels, internals, and
Circumferential Crack in a Steep Angle RPV Top-Head pressure boundary piping, 24
(CRDM) Nozzle), 78 special treatment requirements, 98
Figure 44.17 (Crack Growth Predictions for a Postulated structural margins for crack growth, 24
Circumferential Crack in a Large-Diameter Nozzle Butt Table 41.1 (Jet Pump FIV Stress Range vs. Cycle Data), 6
Weld), 78 Table 41.2 (Feedwater Nozzle/Sparger Inspection
Figure 44.18 (Effect of Inspections on Probability of Nozzle Recommendations), 10
Failure for Head Operating Temperature Ranges), 79 Table 41.3 (BWR RPV Equivalent Margin Review Summary),
Figure 44.19 (Probability of Leakage from a Top-Head Nozzle), 1516
7980 Table 41.4 (Comparison of Required Thickness of Weld Overlay
Figure 44.20 (Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) Top-Head Nozzle Repair), 20
Flaw Embedment Repair), 81 Table 46.1 (Fully Plastic .3Integral for Circumferential
Figure 44.21 (Weld Overlay Repair Applied to RPV Outlet Through- Wall Flaws in Cylinders), 115, 117
Nozzle), 81 Table 46.2 (Safety/Structural Factors for Circumferential and Axial
Figure 44.22 (RPV Top-Head Nozzle Weld Replacement Repair), Flaws), 118
82 Table 46.3 (Default Material Properties and Z Factors for Ferritic
Figure 44.23 (Typical Results of Strategic Planning Economic Piping with Circumferential Flaws), 117
Analysis for PPV Head Nozzles), 85 Table 46.4 (Z Factors for Circumferential Flaws in Ferritic Piping),
Figure 45.2 (Overall Risk-Informed ISI Process), 90 120121
Figure 45.3 (Potential Evolution to Nuclear Systems Code), 109 Table 46.5 (Appendix K Requirements), 122
Figure 46.1 (Effect of Fracture Toughness on the Governing Table H-42111 (46.3)(Material Properties for Carbon Steel Base
Failure Mechanism), 113114 Metals and Weldments), 119
Figure 46.2 (The EPRI J Estimation Scheme), 115 Table H-5310-1, 119
Figure 46.3 (True-Stress True-Strain Curve for A333 Grade 6 Base Table H-5310-2, 120
Material in NRC/BCL 4111-1 Pipe), 115 Table H-6310-1 (Load Multipliers for Carbon Steel Base Metals
Figure 46.4 (Fully Plastic J Integral for Circumferential and Weldments), 119120
Through-Wall Flaws in Cylinders), 115116 Table H-6310-2 (Load Multipliers for Carbon Steel Base Metals
Figure 46.5 (Determination of Instability J, T, and Associated Load and Weldments for User-Specified Data), 119120
for Load Control EPFM Analysis), 116117 Table H-6320, 120
Figure 46.6 (Net-Section Collapse Load vs. Estimation Scheme Task Group for Piping Flaw Evaluation, flaw evaluation in
Maximum Load for Axially Loaded 304SS Pipe with austenitic steel piping, 127
Through-Wall Circumferential Crack), 117 Task Group of Subgroup on Welding, 19
Figure 46.7 (Determination of J and T at Crack Instability for Task Group on Risk-Based Examination, 94
Austenitic SAW at 550F), 117 2001 Edition, 20
Figure 46.8 (DPFAD for Failure Mode Screening Criterion), 119 volumetric examination of RPV pressure-retaining shell welds, 7
Figure 46.9 (Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics Flow Chart for White Paper (Reactor Vessel Integrity Requirements for Levels A
Screening Criteria), 119120 and B Conditions), 13, 55
Figure 46.10 (Ferritic Material J-T Curves used in EPFM Working Group on Flaw Evaluation, 15, 20, 118
Evaluation), 119120 Working Group on Implementation of Risk-Based Examination, 95
Figure 46.11 (Instability Point Determination in DPFAD Space), Working Group on Operating Plant Criteria, 4950, 55
121 Section XI, Division 1 (Revision 13), 26
Figure 46.12 (Ductile Crack Growth Stability Evaluation), 123 Section XI, Division 1, Subsection IWA (General Requirements)
Figure 46.13 (DPFAD for a 1/4T Flaw), 123 IWA-1400 (n), (Documentation of Quality Assurance Program),
Figure 46.14 (J Integral-Tearing Modulus (J-T) Procedure), 101
123125 Table IWA-2210-1, 60
flaw evaluation procedures, 81, 113128 IWA-3300, 125
vs. French codes, 229 IWA-4000 (Repair/Replacement Activities), 101102
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 734

734 Index

Section XI, Division 1, Subsection IWA Section XI, Division 1, Nonmandatory Appendices
(General Requirements) (continued) Appendix C (Evaluation of Flaws in Austenitic Piping), 16, 2122,
IWA-4110 (Scope), 101 119, 125126
IWA-4120 (Applicability), 101 BWR shroud flaw evaluation guideline, 2
IWA-4130 (Alternate Requirements), 101 Figure C-3210-1 (Air Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Curves for
IWA-4131, 101 Austenitic Stainless Steel), 5
IWA-4140 (Responsibilities), 101 flaw evaluation guidelines, 6
IWA-4142, 101 flaw sizes allowable (2004 Edition), 118
IWA-4150 (Repair/Replacement Program), 102 limit load equations, 3, 4
IWA-4160 (Alternative Provisions [Similar to] Verification of source equations, 1819
Acceptability), 102 2002 Addenda, 1920
IWA-4170 (Inspection), 102 Appendix E (Evaluation of Unanticipated Operating Events), 8
IWA-4180 (Documentation), 102 Appendix G (Fracture Toughness Criteria for Protection Against
IWA-4200 (Items Used for Repair/Replacement Activities), 102 Failure), 15, 43, 4647, 60, 113, 121122, 128
IWA-4211(b), 103 determining LTOP setpoint, 50
IWA-4220 (Code Applicability), 103 excess conservatism in, 53
IWA-4300 (Design), 102 fracture toughness-based reference temperature, 4549
IWA-4411, 102 future need for probabilistic P-T limit curves, 5657
IWA-4411(e), 102103 future need to reduce reference flaw size, 56
IWA-4411(f), 102 G-2120 (Reference Flaw Size), 48, 56
IWA-4422, 102 G-2215, 50
IWA-4460, 103 heatup and cooldown limit curves, 55
IWA-4500 (Examination and Test), 103 KIA, lower bound fracture toughness curve for high-rate
IWA-4520(c) 103 loading, 53
IWA-4600 (Alternative Welding Methods), 103 KIC curve, 53
IWA-5250(a)(3), 12 1996 Code Change, 49
IWA-6210(e) (Owners Report for Repair/Replacement Activities), for pressure stresses, 4748
101 for thermal stress distribution, 48
Section XI, Division 1, Subsection IWB (Requirements for Class 1, vessel cooldown limits, 56
2, 3, MC and CC Components and Supports) Appendix H (Evaluation of Flaws in Ferritic Piping), 118119, 127
Table IWB-2500-1 (Examination Category B-D), 6, Appendix K, 15, 128, 124125, 128
1011, 72 Appendix L, 21
Figure IWB-2500-7(a) (Surface M-N), 10 flaw tolerance evaluation, 9
Figure IWB-2500-7(b) (Surface M-N), 10 Appendix R (Risk-Informed Inspection Requirements for Piping),
Figure IWB-2500-7(c) (Surface M-N), 10 97
Figure IWB-2500-7(d) (Surface M-N), 10 Section XII (Transport Tank Code), 357367
IWB-3142.2, 10 Section XII, Mandatory Appendices I-XII, 358
IWB-3142.3, 10 Appendix V, 366
IWB-3142.4, 10 Appendix VI, 366
Table IWB-3510 (Allowable Flaw Indication), 56 Appendix IX, 366
Table IWB-3510-3, 10 Section XII
Table IWB-3512-1, 11 fabrication and inspection rules, 364367
IWB-3514.2, 127 marking certification, 358359
IWB-3520.1, 60 Modal Appendices, 364370
IWB-3520.2, 60 Modal Appendix 1 (Cargo Tanks), 358
IWB-3600 (Conditionally Acceptable Flaws), 1, 2, 13, 113, 116 Modal Appendix 2 (Rail Tank Cars), 358
IWB-3600 plus Appendix A, 124 Modal Appendix 3 (Portable Tanks), 358, 367
IWB-3610(d)(2), 18 Article 1 (Cryogenic Portable Tanks), 358, 361, 364
IWB-3611 (Normal/Upset Conditions), 9 Article 1, Table 1-5.2 (Fatigue Loads), 364
IWB-3640, 1820, 27, 116 Article 2 (Non Cryogenic Portable Tanks), 358
IWB-3740, 21 Modal Appendix 4 (Ton Tanks), 358
Section XI, Division 1, Mandatory Appendices Non-Mandatory Appendices A-G, 358
Appendix VIII (Performance Demonstration for Ultrasonic Part TD (Design Requirements), 358
Examination Systems), 56, 253 TD-101 (Minimum Thickness Design Requirements of
Section XI, Division 1, Nonmandatory Appendices Transport Tanks), 360
Appendix A (Analysis of Flaws), 14, 22, 4647, 113, 124 TD-102 (Thickness Tolerances of Plates and Piping), 360
A-3000, 46, 60 TD-103 (Thickness Tolerances of Plates and Piping), 360
fatigue crack growth in water environment, 9 TD-104 (Dimensional Symbols Representing Geometry in
ferritic stainless steel crack growth rates, 21 Corroded Condition), 360
KIA lower bound fracture toughness curve for high-rate loading, TD-140 (Maximum and Minimum Design Temperatures), 360
53 TD-150 (Design Pressure and Maximum Allowable Working
Table A-3320-1, 47 Pressure), 360
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 735

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 735

TD-160 (Maximum Allowable Working Pressure), 360 TM-111 (CVN Impact Test Method), 359
TD-200 (Loadings of Transport Tanks), 360362, 364 TM-112, 359
TD-210 (Maximum Allowable Stresses for Internal and External TM-113, 359
Pressure), 362363 TM-114, 359
TD-301 (Internal Pressure Design), 362 TM-115, 359
TD-312 (Design of Formed Heads under Internal Pressure), TM-116 (Unidentified Materials), 359
362364 TM-117, 359
TD-312-1 (Torispherical Heads), 362 TM-118 (Bolts and Studs), 359
TD-312-2 (Torispherical Heads), 362 TM-119, 359
TD-312-3, 362 TM-120, 359
Table TD-312 (M Values), 362 TM-121, 359
Table TD-312.1 (K Values), 363 TM-132, 359
TD-313 (Ellipsoidal Heads), 362363 Table 132.1 (Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels for Transport Tanks),
TD-314 (Hemispherical Heads), 362363 359
TD-315 (Crown and Knuckle Radii), 363 Table 132.2 (High-Alloy Steels for Transport Tanks), 359
TD-400 (External Pressure Design), 363 Table 132.3, 359
TD-500 (Flat Heads and Covers), 363 Table 132.4, 359
Figure TD-500, 363 Table 132.5, 359
TD-603 (Welded and Brazed Connections), 364 Table 132.6, 359
TD-650 (Rules on Strength of Reinforcement), 363 Table 132.7, 359
TD-680 (Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness), 364 TM-212 (Impact Test Specimens), 359
Table TD-680 (Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness), 364 TM-221 (CVN Acceptance Values), 359
Article TD-6 (Nozzle Reinforcement Rules and Strength Path Figure TM-221, 359
Determination), 363 TM-222 (Rules on Lateral Expansion Requirements), 359
Part TE (Examination Requirements), 366, 364367 TM-241 (CVN Exemption Rules for Carbon and Low-Alloy
TE-120.1 (Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification), Steel), 359
366 Figure TM-241 (Allowable MDMT for a Given Material and
Article TE-1 (NDE Personnel and NDE Examination), 366 Thickness), 359360
Article TE-2 (Rules for the Examination and Acceptance of Figure TM-241.2, 359
Welds), 366 TM-243 (Allowable Temperature Reduction in Design
Table TE-230.2 (Radiography of Butt Welded Joints), 366 Temperature), 359
TE-250 (Acceptance Criteria), 366 TM-244 (Impact Test Exemption Guidelines for Carbon Steels),
Part TF (Fabrication Requirements and Repairs of Materials, 359360
Vessels, and Vessel Parts), 363, 364365 TM-250 (Toughness Rules on High Alloy Steels), 360
Article TF-1 (General Requirements for Fabrication), 365 TM-260 (Ferritic Steels for Transport Tanks), 360
Article TF-2 (Requirements for Welding Fabrication), 365 TM-262, 360
Article TF-3, 365 Part TP (Requirements for Repair, Alteration, Testing and Inspection
Article TF-4, 365 for (Continued Service), 358, 366367
Article TF-5, 365 TP-100, 367
Article TF-6, 365 TP-200, 366
Article TF-7 (Post Weld Heat Treatment), 365 Article TP-1 (General Requirements and Responsibilities), 366
Article TF-8 (Requirements for Vessels Lined for Article TP-2 (Use of National Board Inspection Code), 366
Corrosion/Erosion Control), 365 Article TP-3 (Rules for When Vessels Inspected), 366
Part TG (General Requirements), 358359 Article TP-4 (Inspections and Tests for Transport Tanks), 366367
TG-100 (Definitions), 358 Article TP-5 (Acceptance Criteria for Tests and Inspections), 367
TG-102, 363 Article TP-6 (Reports and Records from Inspections and Tests),
TG-110.2, 365 367
TG-130, 363 Part TR (Rules for Pressure Relief Devices), 358
Table TG-130, 364 Article TR-1 (Regulations on Set Points and Capacity), 358
TG-320 (Manufacturers Responsibilities), 365 Article TR-2 (UV Valves as Alternative to TV Valves), 358
TG-330 (Inspectors Duties), 365 Article TR-3 (Nonreclosing Pressure Relief Devices), 358
TG-430, 366 Article TR-4 (Capacity Certification), 359
TG-440, 366 Article TR-5 (Marking and Certification), 359
Article TG-1 (Boundaries of Section XII), 358 Part TS (Stamping and Certification Requirements, Manufacturers
Article TG-2 (Organization of Section XII), 358 Data Reports and Other Records), 358359
Article TG-3 (Requirements on Responsibilities and Duties of Article TS-1 (Content and Method of Stamping), 359
the Owner, User, and Manufacturer), 358, 365 Article TS-2 (Obtaining and Applying Code Symbol Stamps), 359
Article TG-4 (General Rules for Inspection), 358, 365366 Article TS-3 (Data Reports), 359
Table 53.2 (Vessel Classification), 365366 Article TS-4 (Special Requirements), 359
Part TM (Material Requirements), 358 Part TT (Testing Requirements), 358, 366
Article TM-2 (Rules on Toughness Requirements), 359 Article TT-1, 366
TM-110 (Nonpressure Parts), 359 Article TT-2 (Pneumatic and Hydrostatic Testing), 366
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 736

736 Index

Part TT (Testing Requirements) (continued) Service Level C (Emergency Conditions)


Article TT-3 (Proof Testing for Maximum Allowable Working analysis procedures, 1516
Pressure), 366 inservice inspection of nuclear boilers and pressure vessels, 181
Article TT-4 (Spark Testing on Vessels with Elastomeric Lining), vs. Japanese seismic operation states, 294
366 static loading, fracture toughness and, 51
Part TW (Welded Construction Requirements), 358, 364365 weld overlay thickness criterion, 20
TW-100.1 (Requirements for Specific Fluid Service), 364365 Service Level C/D, 124, 126
Figure TW-100.1, 364 structural factor, 118
TW-130.3 (Weld Joint Categories), 364 Service Level D
TW-130.4 (Weld Joint Efficiencies), 364 analysis procedures, 15
Table TW-130.4, 364 French pressure equipment, 242
TW-130.5 (Rules on Weld Details, Shells and Flat Plates), 364 inservice inspection of nuclear boilers and pressure vessels, 181
Figure TW-130.5, 364 vs. Japanese seismic operation states, 294
Figure TW-130.5-1, 367 Service Limits, faulted conditions, 346
Figure TW-130.5-2, 364 static loading, fracture toughness and, 51
Figure TW-130.5-3, 364 stress allowable limit, Japanese codes, 273274
TW-130.7 (Nozzle Attachment Rules), 364 Service load, of operating PWR plant, 59
Table TW-134, 362 Set-in stub tube design, 1213
TW-140 (Nozzle Attachment Rules), 364 Severe Accident Management Guidelines, 100
Article TW-1 (General Requirements for Tanks Fabricated by Severe Accident Safety, 89
Welding), 357359 SF. See Structural factor.
pressure relief devices, 357359 SGHWR. See Steam-generating heavy-water reactor.
reports and records, 357359 Shakedown, 124
requirements, 357359 of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346
rules on design requirements, 360364 Shakedown factors, 316, 320
rules on materials requirements, 359360 Shakedown limit, 320, 323
stamping, 357, 359 Shakedown loads, 320
Table 53.1 (Design Load Factors for Normal Operations in Shear stress, welds, PD 5500 (U.K.), 323
Specified Transportation Modes), 361 Shell welds, reactor pressure vessel, 6-8
Security seal, 340 Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), 15, 17, 65, 117
Seismic block, 14 upper shelf energy evaluation, 1516
Seismic Design Review Guidelines, Japanese codes, 290298 Z factor value, 117118
Seismic design, 67, 104 Shielding, loss of, 336, 338
reliability-based load and resistance factor design, 108 Shipper, 340341
Seismic Ordinance 515 (Seismic Design Standards for High-Pressure Shipping containers
Gas Equipment), 264265 ferritic steel containment vessels, fracture toughness, 348350
Self-assessment, 107 for radioactive materials, fabrication criteria, 346347
Semi-ferritic stainless steels welding criteria for fabrication, for radioactive materials, 356357
for industrial piping, French codes, 221, 223 Shipping paper, for radioactive materials, 340341
for pressure equipment, French codes, 235 Ship Safety Law, 260
for pressure vessels, French codes, 203204 Shot peening, 82
Sensitization, postweld heat treatment of Alloy 600, 63 Shroud, boiling water reactor internals, 13
SEP. See Sound engineering practice. core weld designations, 3
SER. See Safety evaluation report. flaw evaluation guideline, 14
Service level(s), limits, deformation, and plastic instability, 241 repair/replacement, 4
Service Level A, 4546, 55, 60 support structure, 12, 24
evaluation procedures, 1516 SHT. See Solution heat treatment.
French codes, piping, 245246 Shutdown, 33, 63, 69, 100
French pressure equipment, 243 PRA analysis, 104
inclusion criteria for HSS snubbers, 106 PRA Standards and, 107108
Service Limits, normal conditions, 346 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and, 104, 106
static loading, fracture toughness conditions, 51 reducing dose rates, 82
stress allowable limit, Japanese codes, 273274 safe shutdown condition, 30, 99
Service Level A/B, 14, 124125 safety functions during, 104
structural factor, 118 Shutdown system, CANDU 6 reactor, 165
Service Level B (Upset Condition), 4546, 55, 60 SI. See International System of units.
evaluation procedures, 1516 Siemens, discontinuation of use of alloy 600, 64
exclusion criteria for low-safety significant snubbers, 106 Simple pressure vessels, New Approach Directive, 145
required weld overlay thickness values from acceptance criterion, Simplified elastic-plastic analysis (Notification 501), 272273
20 SIN-TAP, 121
static loading, fracture toughness, 51 SKI Report TR 89:20 (Research Project 87116), 121, 128
stress allowable limit, Japanese codes, 273274 Slenderness ratio, 262267
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 737

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 737

Small bore piping, inservice inspection, 40 crack growth rate, 2, 23


Small-scale yielding (SSY) condition, 113, 119, 120121 crack propagation due to fatigue, 69
zone, 113, 120 fracture toughness of irradiated, 3
SMAW. See Shielded metal arc welding. SNCT. See Syndicat intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 1, 17
National de la Chaudronnerie Tlerie et Tuyauterie. L-Grade, SCC, 25
SNM. See Special nuclear material. piping, 1, 1617, 116117
Snubbers pressure equipment, EN 13445, 327
component classification, 100, 105 for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 263265, 286
evaluating piping, 19 for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311312,
inservice testing, 103, 105 327, 329
supporting requirements, 106 for transport tanks, 361, 365
Socket welds, 9596 weldability, French codes, 233234
Solution heat treatment (SHT), of stainless steel piping, 17 Stainless steels, specific types
Sound engineering practice (SEP), in PED, 310 304, crack growth rate monitoring, 24
South African Koeberg 900 MWe plant, 193 304, fast breeder reactor material, 12, 12, 25, 27, 250
South Texas Project Nuclear Operating Company, 99 304, intergranular stress corrosion cracking, 16
South Texas Project (STP) Unit 1, 7173, 83, 100 304, nuclear grade, 17
Sparger design, 910 304, pipe, predicted instability loads, 116117
Spark test, 365366 304, pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Special form, 340, 342, 344 304L, fast breeder reactor material, 12, 16, 250
capsule requirement, 344 304LN, 1
of licensed material, definition, 335 304LN, piping, 16
of radionuclides, Type A package limits, 346 316, fast breeder reactor material, 1, 250, 251
Special Metals Corporation, 63 316, nuclear grade, 17
Special Permit No. 5000, for 6M package, 340 316, piping, 1617
Special Permit No. 5300 for 7A package, 340 316, pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Special Permit No. 5400, 340 316L, fast breeder reactor material, 1, 4, 16, 28, 250
Special Permit No. 5417, transportation of radioactively 316L(N), fast breeder reactor material, 1, 16, 250
contaminated items, 340 321, pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Special treatment, of LSS items, 100101 347, pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311
Specification 2R, 341 Stakeholder
Specification 6L, 341 definition, 380
Specification 6M, 340 roll in decommissioning a nuclear facility, 380382
Specification 7 A, 340 Standards Council of Canada (SCC), 160162
Specification 55, 340 Standards-developing organizations (SDOs), 109, 110
Specification packages, 334335, 337, 342, 340341 risk-informed safety classification, 161
Spent nuclear fuel, 433, 350 supporting risk-informed approach, 109
storage, risk analysis and security of, 110 Standards Steering Committee (SSC), 160
Spot radiography, pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262 Startup/shutdown events, 9, 2021
Spring back, 397 Startup testing, of BWR jet pump, 5
SR. See Safety related. State Plan states, 425
SR. See Supporting requirements. Static cycling test, bend of pipe, 297298
SRM. See Staff Requirements Memorandum. Static fracture toughness, 5254
SRP-LR. See United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Static loading, 51
Standard Review Plan for review of License Renewal Station blackout, 30, 32
Applications for nuclear power plants. Steady state secondary stress, 18
SSC. See Standards Steering Committee. Steam, as group 2 fluid, 133
SSC. See System, structure, or component supports. Steam boilers, 156
SSY. See Small-scale yielding. French codes, 191, 217218. See also COVAP.
Staff Requirements Memorandum (SRM) Steam dryer
00-0117, 349350 boiling water reactor internals, 1, 68, 24
SECY-98-300, 9899 support bracket cracking, 1415
Option 1 (Risk-Informed Changes on a Case-by-Case Basis), 98 Steam flow path, BWR, 67
Option 2 (Risk-Informed Regulation Initiative), 98 Steam-generating heavy-water reactor (SGHWR), fracture resistance
Option 3 (Direct Risk-Inform the Technical Requirements in assessment, 121
10CFR50), 98 Steam generators, 82, 156
SECY-99-200, 350 piping, maintenance program, 83
Stainless steels Steam generator tubing, 39, 183
boiling water reactor piping cracks, 16 PWSCC cracks, 68, 73
butt welding, 6566 use of nickel alloys in, 6364
cladding, 12, 73, 83 Steel bolting, for pressure vessels, French codes, 201202
crack arrest and, 69 Steel containment vessel (SCV), Japanese codes, 288
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 738

738 Index

Steel plates, ferrous and nonferrous material clad, for pressure of austenitic stainless steel, in BWR plants, 6364
vessels, French codes, 201202, 206 boiling water reactor, and fitness-for-service (Japanese), 277279
Steels, for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262, 264 in boiling water reactor jet pumps, 56
Stiffeners, 313314 Spanish Regulation in the Nonnuclear Industry, 563
light, 318 Spanish NDE Qualification Methodology, 569
Stiffener tripping, 314 caustic, 63
Stirrers, 141 chloride-induced, 6364
Stoomwezen, 329 concrete casks, Japanese codes, 290
Stopple(tm) bypass repair method, pipeline systems, 405 controlled by hydro testing assessment, 386387
Storage tanks crack growth rate relationship, 24, 20, 2224, 281
French codes, 246 crack initiation/growth, 24, 33
Strain cycling, pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 320 environmentally-assisted, 24
Strain hardening, 114 fatigue protection, nuclear power plants, 34
Strain-hardening exponent, 114 fluoride-induced, 64
Strain-rate, of local brittle zones, 53 intergranular, of piping, 66, 85, 233, 249, 499, 573, 684
Strategic planning as pipeline failure mode, 374
economic analysis, 8182 Stress Corrosion Cracking in Pipelines (1996, Canada),
for RPV head nozzle PWSCC, 81 Stress function method, 45
Stray current corrosion, as pipeline failure mode, 407408 Stress intensity, 20, 35
Stress of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 345, 348
and alloy 600 susceptibility to PWSCC, 68 limit, 273
alloy 600 resistance to, 68 nuclear pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 44, 127, 159
bending, 46, 116, 117118, 121, 239 Stress intensity factor (KI), 4, 44, 76, 118
cladding, 14, 24, 51, 55 calculating, 45, 46
Code allowable, 113 in circumferential crack growth predictions, 76, 77
compressive, 67, 8384, 246 Code guidance, 18
critical, 113 due to pressure, 45, 47
flow, 113, 116117, 399 industrial piping, French codes, 191, 553, 554
formula, 47 maximum value, 51
French codes, 242, 246247, 248249 for membrane, 45
hoop, 67, 315, 403 pressurized water reactors, 45
improvement remedies for cracks, 17 thermal, 4549
limits, 124, 273 Stress intensity parameter, nonlinear, 114
membrane, 4549, 288, 316, 312313, 319 Stress ratio, 118
operating stresses above thresholds, 59 Stress reduction factor, 317
on pipeline systems, 115, 117, 395396 Stress relaxation, 57, 59, 510
pressure, 14, 47, 55 irradiation enhanced, 57, 59
pressure equipment, EN 13445, 327 Stress risers, vibration stress at crack, 5
pressure equipment, French codes, 245 Stress strain, 114, 119
pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 263264, 269, 271272, 330 Strip yield model, 114
pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 321324 Structural factor (SF) (safety factor), 118
primary, in weld overlay repair, 18 boilers, French codes, 253
primary water stress corrosion cracking, 68, 76 CODAP (French codes), 208
residual, 14, 22, 24, 51, 84 circular cylinder, 314, 490
shrinkage, due to weld overlay, 18 fatigue stress intensity factors, 6, 96, 125, 529, 597
of supports, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319 industrial piping, French codes, 142, 191, 553, 554
sustained, 2223 PD 5500 (U.K.), 312
thermal, 9, 14, 23, 4547, 55, 75, 124125, 245, 287 pressure vessels, French codes, 224
through wall, 47 pressure vessel, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
Stress analysis, 314 Structural failure probabilities, for piping systems ranking, 95
industrial piping, French codes, 213, 224225 Structural integrity treatment requirements, LSS safety-related items
local loads on cylindrical shells, PD 5500 (U.K.), 320 for, 101
Stress concentration factor Structural reliability model, risk evaluation, 95
of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346347 Structural reliability theory, 126
nozzle in a cylindrical vessel, 315316 Structural specifications, Canadian standards, 163
PD 5500 (U.K.), 312 Structural steel specifications, Canadian standards, 163
pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 321 Stub tube, 12, 13, 24
pressure vessels, PD 5500 (U.K.), 321323 Submerged arc welding (SAW), 15
spherical shells, PD 5500, 314315 failure mechanism in welds, 117
Stress corrosion cracking (SCC), 140 Z factor value in welds, 117
as aging mechanism, 57, 59 Sulfur, 67
alloy 182 welds, 13 Superheated water boilers, French codes, 191, 217. See also COVAP.
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 739

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 739

Super-heaters, 156 pressurized water reactor operation, 45


Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), 393, 417, 420, of radioactive materials, packaging, 339, 348, 352
421 of radioactive materials, restrictions, 337338
Supporting requirements (SR), 92, 94 rate of PWSCC initiation and growth, 67
defining, 94 reduction, as remedial measure for PWSCC, 82
PRA capability requirements for, 89 snubber service life and, 105106
Supports stress intensity factor of safety, 45
CANDU nuclear power plants, 172 transients, effect on fatigue life, 35
CODAP future specifications, 207 upper-shelf, 113
EN 13445 standard, 330 Temperature-dependent material properties, 15, 53
French codes, 246 Temperature indexing, 44
Japanese codes, 258 Temperature monitoring devices, in pressure equipment, 154
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319 Temper-bead welding, ambient temperature, 19
Surface corrosion profiling, of pipeline systems, 325 TENPES. See Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering Society.
Surface examination, 72, 98 Tensile strength, PED limit, 310311
for detecting aging effects, 41, 58 Tensile stresses, 6667, 288
of reactor pressure vessel welds, 51 Tensile testing, 249
Surface treatment piping, Japanese codes, 297
French codes, 191 of pressure equipment, 157
As remedial measure for PWSCC, 6368 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 10-
Surry Power Station Unit 1, 100 22733), 98, 112
Surveillance program, French codes, 229 10-year in-service inspection outages, 72
Surveillance sample coupons, 43 Terrorism, acts of, risk-informed analysis to counter, 110
Sustained stress intensity factor, 23 Testing, 90
Swedish SKI Report TR 89:20 (Research Project 87116), 121 boilers, French codes, 223224, 236237
Syndicat national de la Chaudronnerie, Tlerie et Tuyauterie (SNCT) French codes, 249
(French organization of pressure vessel and piping of motor-operated valves (MOVs), 105
manaufacturers association), 191193, 195, 198, 209, 217, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
254 pressure equipment, EN 13445, 330
description and purpose, 191 pressure vessels, French codes, 206, 240
headquarters address, 193 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 263264
Web site, 193 Testing programs, inservice testing (IST) program guidance, 104
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, 418 Test interval, 105
System, structure or component (SSC), 92, 162 Test pressure, of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 319
System-based code (SBC), using risk insights, 109 T0 fracture toughness reference temperature, 43, 53, 54
System classification list, CANDU nuclear power plant, 174 TGL Standards (Germany), 328
System designer, CANDU nuclear power plants, 172 Theoretical buckling pressure, 314
Thermal activation energy model, 83
Tadotsu Technical Test Center of NUPEC, 297 Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering Society (TENPES)
Tangential shear stress, concrete containment vessels, 288 Committee for Environmental Fatigue Evaluation
Taylor Forge method, 317 Guidelines, 21
TCs. See Technical committees. Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering Society (TENPES)
Tearing instability, 121, 647 Guideline, 275, 258
Tearing moduli, 116 Thermal and Nuclear Power Engineering Society (TENPES) (Japan),
Technical committees (TCs), 168 273274, 276277, 291
French codes, 191, 192 Thermal embrittlement, as aging mechanism, 57, 59
Technical documentation, of pressure equipment, 137 Thermal environments, of light-water reactors (LWR), 45
Technical Guidelines for Seismic Design of Nuclear Power Plant, Thermal expansion, 55, 63, 116
294, 295, 298 Thermal fatigue, piping failure, 96
Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA), 168 Thermal fluid boilers, French codes, 181, 226
Technical Standards on Thermal Facilities for Electricity Generation, Thermal fluid heaters, 169
270 Thermal loading, 15, 122
TEMA Standard, 262, 263 Thermal ratchetting, 346
Temperature Thermal shock, fracture toughness requirements for protection
corrosion rate of hot concentrated aerated boric acid on hot low- against pressurized, 30, 32
alloy steel surface, 74 Thermal sleeve bypass leakage detection system, 9
effect on PWSCC in hydrogen concentration variables, 67 Thermal stress(es), 14, 43, 4547, 122123, 245. See also Stresses.
ferritic steel fracture toughness and, 53 of containment vessels for radioactive materials, 346, 347
fluctuations in, 21 feedwater nozzle, 9
lowering RPV head, 79 Japanese codes, 287
lower range, fracture toughness and, 51 use in predicting crack growth rate, 76
potential for age-related degradation of internals, 57, 59 from vessel heatup/cooldown, 55
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 740

740 Index

Thermal stress intensity factor (KIT), 4749 requirements for reduction of risk from, 33
Thermal stress ratchet rule, 243 selection for evaluation, 15
Thermal test, 336 Transient conditions, 14
Thermocouple nozzle, 63, 65 steam-dryer-support-bracket, 14
Thermo-mechanically treated steels Transient events, 2021, 51, 648
for industrial piping, French codes, 202 Transient monitoring, effect on critical locations, 35
for pressure vessels, French codes, 203205 Transient operation, 8, 9, 614
Thiosulfate ion content, radiographic film processing quality Transient temperature, 53
evaluation, 249 Transmission line, 170, 372, 373
Third party damage (TPD) index, 382 Transportable cylinders, Japanese codes, 261
Thorium-231, 651 Transportation of Explosives and Other Dangerous Articles Act, 335,
3-D influence coefficients, 48 337, 341
Three-layer polyolefin coatings, for pipeline systems, 409414 Transportation Security Administration (TSA), 420, 421
Three Mile Island (TMI), 89 Transport Canada, regulating transportation of dangerous goods, 168
Three Mile Island Unit 1 nuclear power plant, 81 Transport Groups, radioactive materials, 342
3 Sm rule, 243 Transport Index (TI), 351, 352
Threshold level, distribution of times to occurrence at, 76 Transport tanks, 357. See also Section XII (Transport Tank Code).
Through-wall circumferential crack Transport unit, 337
calculation, 115116 Transverse flux, for pipeline system assessment, 391
stainless steel pipe, predicted instability loads, 116118 Transverse upper-shelf energy (USE), 15, 16, 121, 124, 318, 388
Through-wall cracks, 34, 6, 9, 7677, 117, 396 To reference fracture toughness transition temperature, 44
pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 293 Trend curve prediction, for shifts in nil-ductility reference
Through-wall stress, 47 temperature, 43
Through-wall temperature gradient, 1718 Trending, 58
TI. See Transport Index. Tresca yield criterion, 316
TIG. See Tungsten inert gas welding. Trigger-point temperature, 125
Time-history analysis, stress analysis at crack location, 56 Triple thermal sleeve design, 9
Time-limited aging analysis (TLAA), 3032, 3435, 38, 41 Tripping, stiffener, 314, 471
Titanium Tritium, total package limit, 172, 428, 437
for pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311 Trunk line, 372
for pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 265, 286 TRVP. See Trojan Reactor Vessel Package.
Titanium alloys TSA. See Transportation Security Administration.
CODAP future specifications, 208 TSCA. See Toxic Substances Control Act.
for pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 286 TS-R-1. See International Atomic Energy Agency, TS-R-1.
TLAA. See Time-limited aging analysis. TSSA. See Technical Standards and Safety Authority.
TMI. See Three Mile Island. T Stamp, 367
TOFD, 254 Tsuruga-1 nuclear power plant, 13
Tokamak-type D-T facility (ITER) for fusion reaction, 291293 stress-corrosion cracks in alloy 182 welds, 1314
Tolerance specifications and pressure boundary standards, Canadian Tsuruga-2 nuclear power plant, 70
standards, 163 Tubes and tubing
Ton Tanks, 358 Alloy 600, crack initiation in, 68
Torqued bolts, 59 Japanese codes, 44, 257259
Torsional stress, piping, Japanese codes, 300 steam generator, 63, 64
Toughness Tubesheet
at crack extension onset, 118 EN 13445 standard, 325
pressure equipment conformance, 147, 169 pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 325
Toughness tests, of pressurized water reactor (PWR) vessels, 44 Tubesheet heat exchangers, French code design rules, 208
Total applied stress intensity factor, 14 Tuboscope, 387
Total displacement, 115116 Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding, 65
Towards the Performance-Based Technical Code of Nuclear TV mark, 359
Facilities and Utilization of Voluntary Standards, 259 Two-parameter method, fracture evaluation of piping, Japanese
Tpc has launched a power, 685 codes, 281
TPD. See Third party damage index. 2004 ICONE-12 conference, 84
Traceability, 140 Type A(F) radioactive materials,
of pressure equipment components, 154 Type A radioactive materials, quantities allowed in packaging, 334,
Transient 340, 342, 343
accidents caused by, 89 Type A-Type B quantity provisions of IAEA regulations, 340
critical pressure, effect on fatigue life, 35 Type B containers, 342, 354
critical temperature, effect on fatigue life, 35 Type B(DP) dual-purpose packages, radioactive material, 339
heatup/cooldown, 48 Type B fissile shipping containers, 339
operating, 35 Type B(F) radioactive materials,
reduction of risk from anticipated, 31, 32 Type B(M)F radioactive materials, 346
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 741

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 741

Type B(M) (Multilateral) packaging standards, 346 manual, 342


Type B quantity, definition, 342 Reactor Safety Study, 89
Type B radioactive materials, quantities allowed in packaging, 334, United States Bureau of Statistics, pipeline incidents and property
340, 342, 345, 355 damage, 372
Type B(U)F radioactive materials, United States Coast Guard, 339
Type B(U) (Unilateral) packaging standards, 346, 348 United States Code, sections 552 and 553, 341, 343
Type C packages, 350, 352, 353 United States Competent Authority, 340, 350, 357
for transport tanks, 357
U Certificate of Authorization, 264 United States Department of Defense (DOD), 89
ULC. See Underwriters Laboratories of Canada. United States Department of Energy (DOE), 425, 443, 447, 449, 450
Ultimate strength, of pressure equipment, 157 decommissioning plan to remove radioactive material, 661
Ultimate stress, piping, 118 nuclear waste disposal, 685
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS) United States Department of Energy, Office of Civilian Radioactive
French codes, Waste Management (DOE/OCRWM), 349
PED limit, 310 United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 260
and plastic collapse of pipe, 387 United States Department of Homeland Security, 110
of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311312 United States Department of Labor, 260
Ultrasonic test (UT) (examination), 59, 72 United States Department of Transportation, 357, 358
of BWR jet pump cracked weld, 6 Hazardous Materials Regulations, 339341, 357
of BWR shrouds, 3 hazardous (including radioactive) material transportation, 350
calandria assembly, CANDU nuclear power plants, 175 National Response Center
Canadian standards, 170 pipeline system assessment requirements, 390
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 183, 184, 188 special permit, 340343
as condition monitoring program, 59 transport tank code, 357, 359
and crack growth rate monitoring, 24 United States Department of Transportation Office of Pipeline Safety,
of dissimilar metal weld overlays, 19 property damage from oil pipeline incidents, 371
feedwater nozzles, 9 United States Department of Transportation/Pipeline and Hazardous
French codes, 191, 193, 196 Material Safety Administration (USDOT/PHMSA), 357
interval factor, 10 United States Department of Transportations, Research and Special
in Japanese fitness-for-service code, 276278 Programs Administration (USDOT/RSPA), 357, 358
of pipeline systems, 388389, 390, 395, 400 United States Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), 357
pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262263, 290 United States National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 30
of RPV head penetration nozzle, 72 United States National Pipeline Mapping System initiative, 378
of RPV-to-shroud support plate weld, 13 United States Navy, refuel and defuel U.S. nuclear powered warships,
transport tanks, 366 43, 483
zirconium alloy components, 176177 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (USNRC), 3,
Uncracked ligament length, 115 306, 440, 441, 444, 446, 447, 448, 450, 512, 514
Underground cable, testing, 39 acceptable long-term repair, 19, 81
Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC), 160, 162 acceptance of weld overlay repairs, 17, 19
Unfired vessels, 133134 adoption of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 357
Uniform Building Code, 461 Advanced Notice of Public Rulemaking (2000), 98
Unified Procedure, aging management program (AMP), 21, 32
Uniform dose basis, 351 allowable crack depth, 14
United Kingdom (U.K.) See also British standards, specific types AMP/AMR audits, 34
unfired pressure vessel rules, 309330 approval of IST pilot programs, 103
United Kingdom Pipeline Regulator, 375 approval of weld overlay repair application, 19
United Kingdoms Pipeline Safety Regulations, 375 boiling water reactor flaw evaluation, 23
United Nations, 365 boiling water reactor inspection, repair methods, 1, 3
labeling systems for radioactive materials, 364 boiling water reactor RPV equivalent margin review summary, 16
United Nations Hazard Classifications bounding crack growth rates for flaw evaluation, 22
2.1 (flammable gas), 365366 defining decommissioning, 471485
2.3 (toxic gas), 365366 draft radiation embrittlement trend equations, 54
6.1 (toxic materials), 365366 evaluating crack length direction, 2
United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous evaluation of existing plant AMPs, 58
Goods, Model Regulations, 357 Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) Report, 21, 41
United Nations Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of inspection plans for PWSCC of alloy 600 base materials, 63, 68,
Dangerous Goods, 357 69, 83
United States Atomic Energy Act of 1954, 341, 343 inspection program to manage effects of fatigue, 38
United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 339 inspection requirements for reactor pressure vessel (RPV) top head
Directorate of Licensing, 344 nozzles, 72
Directorate of Regulatory Operations, 344 letter to STP Nuclear Operating Company, 100
Division of Materials Licensing, 342 license renewal guideline updates, 41
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 742

742 Index

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Subpart B, 336


(USNRC) (continued) Subpart C, 336
license renewal process, 29, 30, 38 Subpart D, 336, 353
Metrication Policy, 351 Subpart H, 352354
nuclear industry risk-informed activities, 107 Subpart I, 354
pressurized thermal shock (PTS) reevaluation study, 56 10CFR71 (31FR9941) (Packaging), 341
Proposed Rule for Public Comment (2003), 98 10CFR71 (33FR750), 339, 341,
regulatory process, 30 10CFR71 (33FR14918), 341
risks from nuclear power, 89 10CFR71 (36FR22184), 342
safety evaluation report (SER), 33 10CFR71 (38FR20482), 344
special inspections, 662, 663 10CFR71 (48FR35600) (Packing and Transportation of
standard review plans, 40 Radioactive Material), 350
Web site: www.nrc.gov, 42 10CFR71 (60FR50248), 350
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (USNRC) 10CFR71 (61FR31169), 351
Bulletins, 3, 441, 444 10CFR71 (62FR5907) (Fissile Material Shipments), 341, 349
2003-02 (Leakage from Reactor Pressure Vessel Lower Head 10CFR71 (63FR8362), 349
Penetrations and Reactor Coolant Pressure Boundary 10CFR71 (64FR72633), 350
Integrity), 73 10CFR71 (65FR44360), 349, 350
2003-02, Temporary Instruction 2515/152 (Reactor Pressure 10CFR71 (67FR21395-21396), 351
Vessel Lower Head Penetration Nozzles), 73 10CFR71.31, 337, 338
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) (USNRC) 10CFR71.53, 338, 354
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 10CFR71.61, 352
10CFR, 489, 502, 682684 10CFR71.63, 354, 355
10CFR30 (30FR15748), 337, 338 10CFR71.88, 351
10CFR40 (Licensing of Source Material), 335 10CFR72 (Protection Against Radiation in the Shipment of
10CFR40(28FR2111), 335 Irradiated Fuel Elements), 334, 337
risk-inform plans, 107 10CFR72 (26FR8982), 335, 337
Appendix B, 98, 101, 683 10CFR72 (28FR2142), 335, 337
Appendix G (Fracture Toughness Requirements for Nuclear 14CFR103 (Hazardous Materials Regulations Applicable to
Power Reactors), 44 14CFR103 (33FR750), 339, 341
Appendix H (Reactor Vessel Surveillance Program 49CFR, 334, 335, 339341, 351, 361, 366, 369, 390393
Requirements), 44 49CFR (60FR50291), 350
10CFR50.48 (Fire Protection Regulations), 31 49CFR78, 335
10CFR50.49 (Environmental Qualifications), 31 49CFR170 (Rules of Procedure for the Hazardous Materials
10CFR50.54(f) (Individual Plant Examination (IPE) for Severe Regulations Board), 338, 339
Accident Vulnerabilities), 33 49CFR170 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR50.55 (Augmented Examination of Reactor Vessel), 7 49CFR171 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR50.61 (Pressurized Thermal Shock), 31 49CFR172 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR50.62 (Anticipated Transients Without Scram), 31 49CFR173, 334
10CFR50.63 (Station Blackout), 31 49CFR173 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR50.65 (Maintenance Rule), 30, 102 49CFR173.393, 339, 340
10CFR50.69 (Risk-Informed Categorization and Treatment of 49CFR173.417, 351
Structures, Systems, and Components for Nuclear Power 49CFR174, 334
Plants), 98, 102, 107, 108, 110 49CFR174 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR51 (Environmental Protection Regulations), 31 49CFR175, 334
10CFR54 (Renewal of Operating Licenses for Nuclear Power 49CFR175 (33FR750), 339, 341
Plants), 589 49CFR176, 334
10CFR54.3, 32 49CFR176 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR54.4, 32 49CFR177, 334
10CFR54.21, 35, 38, 59 49CFR177 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR71 (Packaging of Radioactive Material for Transport), 343345 49CFR178, 334
10CFR71 (1983 Final Rule), 346 49CFR178 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR71 (1988 Proposed Rule, Major Changes),347, 348 49CFR178 (Revisions), 339
10CFR71 (1995 Final Rule), 348 49CFR179, 361
10CFR71 (2002 Proposed Rule), 349, 350 49CFR179 (33FR750), 339, 341
10CFR71 (2004 Final Rule), 350, 355 49CFR179.400-13, 361
Appendix B (Hypothetical Accident Conditions), 336, 341, 345, 49CFR180 (33CFR750), 339, 341
348, 354 49CFR181-185 (33FR750), 339, 341
exemptions, 341, 349 49CFR186-190 (33FR750), 339, 341
fabrication criteria for shipping containers, 347 49CFR192 (Subpart O) (Pipeline Integrity Management), 375
Issue 15 (Change Authorization Issue), 354 49CFR195 (Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Operators), 375
quality assurance requirements, 343345 49CFR195.428 (Pipeline System Assessment, SCADA), 393
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 743

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 743

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Document NUREG/CR-6260 (Component Fatigue Life), 21, 34, 35, 38
Control Desk, 594 NUREG/CR-6583 (Carbon and Low Alloy Steel Environmental
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Draft Life), 21, 34, 37
Regulatory Analysis (Draft RA), 441 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Regulatory
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Draft Guides, 441
Regulatory Guide, DG-1.121, 594 risk-informed ISI and IST implementation, 90
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Federal RG 1.26, 99
Register (FR), 350 RG1.99, 124
revisions of 10CFR71, 450 RG 1.147, 106, 594, 629
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Generic RG 1.150, 52
Letters (GL), 546 RG 1.161, 15, 124
GL 81-11, 9 RG 1.174 (Using PR A in Risk-Informed Decisions on Plant-
GL 88-20 (Individual Plant Examination (IPE) for Severe Accident Specific Basis), 8
Vulnerabilities), 33 RG 1.175 (Plant-Specific Risk-Informed Decisionmaking:
GL 92-01, 15 Inservice Testing), 104
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) RG 1.178 (Plant-Specific Risk-Informed Decisionmaking: ISI of
Information Notices, 30 Piping), 94, 106, 571
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Issuance of RG 1.192 (Operation and Maintenance Code Case Acceptability),
Order, EA-03-009 (Establishing Interim Inspection 106, 594
Requirements for Reactor Pressure Vessel Heads at RG 1.200, 107
Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR)), 72, 73 Appendix (Endorsement of NEI 00-02 Peer Review Process and
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Self-Assessment Plans), 107
Maintenance Rule, 94 RG 7.4 (Leakage Tests on Packages for Shipment of Radioactive
plant expert panel, 96 materials), 335
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Metrication RG 7.6, 345
Policy, 351 RG 7.6, Revision 1, 345
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Operations RG 7.11 (Fracture Toughness of Base Material for Ferritic Steel
Center, 355 Shipping Cask Containment Vessel, Maximum 4 Inches
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Regulatory Thick), 348
Guides (NUREGs), 333, 355, 537 RG 7.12 (Fracture Toughness Criteria), 348
NEI guidance document endorsement, 31 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Safety
NUREG draft (results of PTS reevaluation study), 56 Goals, 8
NUREG-XXXX (Fracture Analysis of VesselsOak Ridge United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Special
NUREG 1.124, 27 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC)
NUREG 1.130, 247 Standard Review Plan for Review of License Renewal (SRP-
NUREG-0224 (Reactor Vessel Pressure Transient Protection for LR) applications, 41
Pressurized Water Reactors), 45 Appendix A, 33
NUREG-0313, 3, 17, 22, 684 Renewal Applications for Nuclear Power Plants, 57
NUREG-0313, Revision 2, 684 Section 2.1.3, 34
NUREG-0360 (Qualification Criteria to Certify a Package for Air Section 5.2.2, 45
NUREG-0619, 9 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) TAC
Generic Letter 81-11, 9 numbers
Table 41.2 (Feedwater nozzle/sparger inspection TAC M89871/TAC M89493,
recommendations), 10 United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC)
NUREG-0744, 15, 121 Technology-Neutral Framework, 109
NUREG-1150, 90 United States Office of Pipeline Safety, 371, 374, 374
NUREG-1800 (Standard Review Plan for Review of License Unresolved Safety Issue (USI) A-11 (USIA-11), 121
Renewal Applications for Nuclear Power Plants), 57 low-temperature overpressure (LTOP), 8, 43, 45, 49, 50
NUREG-1801 (Generic Aging Lessons Learned [GALL] Report), USI-A26, 45
58 Upper-shelf Charpy energy, 121
NUREG/CRs, 333, 346, 355 Upper-shelf energy (USE), 15
NUREG/CR-1815 (Protection Against Brittle Fracture Failure in end of life values, 55
Ferritic Steel Shipping Containers up to Four Inches Thick), Upper-shelf operation, 121124
346, 348 Upper-shelf temperature, 113, 124126
Table 1 (Radioactivity Limits for Each of Three Categories), 348 Upper-shelf trigger temperature, 125
NUREG/CR-3019 (Welding Criteria for Use in the Fabrication of Uranium
Shipping Containers for Radioactive Materials), 346348 enriched, 340
NUREG/CR-3854 (Fabrication Criteria for Shipping Containers), natural, 163, 436, 437, 635
346348 natural and depleted, 437
NUREG/CR-5704 (Austenitic Stainless Steel, Environmental unirradiated, 441
Life), 21, 34, 37 Uranium-233, 438
NUREG/CR-5999 (Interim Fatigue Curves), 34 Uranium-235, 351, 437, 438, 440, 474
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 744

744 Index

plus plutonium, 337, 343345 of sparger, 9, 10


Uranium fuel pellets, 478 steam generator tubes,
Uranium hexafluoride, 350, 351 of vessel-to-shroud support weld cracking, 13
Uranium isotopes, 438 zirconium alloy components, 176177
Uranium metal, 351 VNIR. See Visible spectrum and in the very near infrared. Void
Uranyl nitrate solutions, 436 swelling, irradiation-induced
URN 99/1147 (DTI Guidance Booklet on PED Requirements), 309 Volumetric examination, 10
Usage factor, French codes, 245 of BMI nozzles, 71
USDOT/PHMSA. See United States Department of to detect aging effects, 58
Transportation/Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety inservice use and, 56
Administration. of partial penetration nozzles, 72
USDOT/RSPA. See United States Department of Transportation, of permanent joints, 140
Research and Special Programs Administration. of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) shell welds, 7
USE. See Upper-shelf energy. of reactor pressure vessel welds,
USI. See Unresolved Safety Issue. risk category and, 97
U Stamp, 367 VR stamp, 359
UT. See Ultrasonic test (UT) (examination). VT-1 examination
UTS. See Ultimate tensile strength. as aging management strategy, 5960
U-tubes, Japanese codes, 263 of BWR steam dryer, 6
UV mark, 359 character recognition height, 60
V. See Volume, internal, of chamber. enhanced, 5960
Vacuum box testing, CANDU nuclear power plant components, 181 of inner radii surface of nozzles, 10
Vaccum vessel (VV), Japanese codes, 292 maximum direct examination distance, 60
Valve(s) of welds in beltline region, 72
inservice testing (IST), 99 VT-2 examination
pressure-temperature rating, 246 as aging management strategy, 5960
probabilistic methods in qualification standards, 109 of low-safety-significant (LSS) piping segments, 96
probabilistic risk assessment for, 519 of reactor vessel pressure-retaining boundary during the system
risk-informed IST application, 104 leak test, 72
in scope of PED, 129 VT-3 examination
Valve design rules, French codes, 246 as aging management strategy, 59-60
V.C. Summer nuclear power plant, 69 enhanced, 60
alloy 82/182 butt weld axial crack leakage, 70, 71 maximum direct examination distance, 60
VDEs. See Vertical displacement events. of welds outside the beltline region, 72
Vertical displacement events (VDEs), 292, 293 VV. See Vacuum vessel.
Vessel attachment, weld cracking, 1315 WASH-1400 study, 89
Vessel design life, 15, 45 WASRD. See Waste Acceptance System Requirements Document.
Vessel-to-shroud support, weld cracking, 13 Waste Acceptance System Requirements Document (WASRD),
Vibration Waste disposal containers,
of snubbers, 106 Waste-heat boilers, 156
startup, 5 Waste incineration boilers, 156
stress range, steps in calculating, 5 Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act,
Vibration tests, piping, seismic influences in Japan, 295, 296 Water chemistry
Visible spectrum and in the very near infrared (VNIR), 418 changes affecting PWSCC rate, 82
Visual examination/testing (Examination Level: VT-1, VT-2, VT-3), to mitigate piping internal corrosion, 59
72. See also VT-1 examination; VT-2 examination; VT-3 Water environment, 23
examination alloy 600 corrosion resistance in high temperature, 63
alloys 82/182 butt weld leakage, 70 austenitic stainless steels fatigue crack growth rate, 2122
bare metal, 7173 effects on reduction of fatigue life of light-water reactor
bare metal for PWSCC, 71, 75 components, 21
bare metal of BMI nozzles, 71 ferritic steels fatigue crack growth rate, 21
bare metal of RPV head surface, 71 high-temperature primary, alloy 600 SCC in, 64
of BWR shrouds, 3 high-temperature pure, alloy 600 SCC in, 64
CANDU nuclear power plant components, 163 intergranular stress corrosion cracking of stub tube, 12
of crack repair, 15 Water gauges, visibility, 169
to detect aging effects, 58 Water hammer, and piping failure, 96
enhanced, as aging management strategy, 60 Water heaters, Canadian standards, 169170
French codes, 250 Water-jet conditioning, 84
joint coefficients allowed, 139 Water-moderated reactors, long-term operation safety aspects, 42
of low-safety-significant (LSS) pipe segments, 90, 96, 100 Watertube boilers, French codes, 216217. See also COVAP.
NRC requirements, 11 WBS. See Work Breakdown Structure.
as Section XI provision, 103 Weibull statistical distribution, 53, 79
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 745

COMPANION GUIDE TO THE ASME BOILER & PRESSURE VESSEL CODE 745

in predicting initiation of PWSCC in pressurized water reactors vessel-to-shroud support cracking, 1314
(PWRs), 7476 water-jet conditioning of, 82
Welds(s). See also Weld metals, specific types. Weldability
attachment, 72 French codes, stainless steels, 233
axial, 8 Weld-deposited hardfacing, French NF M 64-100 standard, 248
base metal, 52 Welded joint(s)
BMI, 72 defects during construction, 102
boric acid leakage, 6971 efficiency, pressure vessels, French codes, 203
butt, alloy (82/182), 65 fracture evaluation, Japanese codes, 281
butt, outlet nozzle, through wall axial crack, 6970 French codes, 252
Canadian standards, 170 In pressure vessels, design of, 65
circumferential, 7, 8, 48 Transport tanks, 364
CRDM, 74 Welded joint coefficient
crevice, 17 EN 13445 vs. PD 5500, 309, 310, 312
defects in pipeline systems, 400 French codes, 252
dissimilar metal, 19, 72, 83 industrial piping, French codes, 212
dissimilar metal, flaw evaluation, 277279 Welded structures, fracture analysis, 114
fitness-for-service flaw evaluation, Japanese, 276278 Weld efficiency factor, French codes, 246
flat ends and covers, PD 550 (U.K.), 317318 Welding, 1720. See also Gas tungsten arc welding; Shielded metal
full penetration, 52, 66 arc welding; Tungsten inert gas welding.
full penetration double bevel, ambient temperature temper-bead, 19
generic J-integral fracture resistance curve equation constants, 124 code compliance, 80
girth, 17, 49 cold temperatures and, 17
on high-fatigue lines, 38 criteria for fabrication of shipping containers for radioactive
hot-leg, 69 materials, 347
impact testing, 144 distortion avoidance, 65
inservice inspection of HSS segments, electroslag, 15
inspection in pressure coils exposed to direct radiant heat, field, 17
Canadian standards, 168 filler metals, 14
J-groove, 65, 69 French codes, 252
joint coefficients, 139 gas tungsten arc welding, 18
joint coefficients, industrial piping, French codes, 218 oil and gas pipeline systems, Canadian, 170171
joint efficiency, pressure vessels, French codes, 201 postweld heat treating, 19
joint factors, U.K. rules, 309 preheating, 19
joints, 139140 of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 312
joints, PD 5500 (U.K.), 318319 pressure vessels and piping, Japanese codes, 262, 268, 281
joints, pressure equipment, Japanese codes, 263, 264, 282, 290 repair/replacement, 110
laser repair, 83 residual stresses, 22, 77
local brittle zone, 5253 shielded metal arc welding, 65
longitudinal, 4849 submerged arc welding, 15
nozzle-to-safe end socket, 72 temper-bead, 19
permissible joints in pressure vessels, French codes, 210211 transport tanks, 358, 359, 365, 366, 368
pipe-to-nozzle, 17 of weld overlay repairs, 1720, 81
pipe-to-pipe, 17 Welding consumables, for pressure equipment, 143, 144, 201
postweld heat treatment requirements, 19 Welding Data Package, French codes, 247
preparations, 65 Welding Procedure Qualification Test (WPQT), 262, 263, 264
pressure boundary, 55 Welding procedures, registration, Canadian, 172
in pressure equipment, 157 Welding Research Council (WRC), 308
pressurizer, 73 Bulletin 175, 45
repair, 13, 1718, 45, 74 Bulletin 404,
repair, cracking of, 7879 Bulletin 413, 15, 122, 123
residual stress, 1617, 51 Welding specifications, Canadian standards, 162, 163
RI-ISI of, 94 Welding Specifications, W series, 162, 163
safe-end, 17, 24 Weld joint efficiency, 201, 203, 208, 212, 222, 290, 363
shell, 68 boilers, French codes, 212, 234
socket, 96 pressure vessels, Japanese codes, 262
stresses, PD 5500 (U.K.), 322323 Weldments, piping, carbon steel, circumferential flaws, 119
stub tube, 24 Weld metal
thickness measurement, 49 cladding with duplex, 17
toughness levels, 50 crack growth data, 21, 76
vertical, 8 in dissimilar metal weld overlay, 19
vessel attachment cracking, 13 requirements for weld overlay repairs, 18
ASME_IND_III_p687-746.qxd 6/5/09 4:33 PM Page 746

746 Index

Weld metals, specific types use of alloy 82/182 butt welds, 65


alloy 52, 81, 82 Westinghouse Owners Group (WOG), 68
in PWSCC-resistant repairs, 82 WCAP-14572 Rev. 1-NP-A (Topical Report Applying
resistance to PWSCC, 81 Risk-Informed Methods to Piping ISI), 97, 572
alloy 82, 63, 65, 66, 67, 7074, 76, 77, Method A application, 97
bare metal visual inspection of butt welds, 71 WGM. See Working Group Materials.
butt weld leak, 69 WGP. See Working Group Pressure.
chromium concentration, 66 WIPP. See Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.
composition, 65 WOG. See Westinghouse Owners Group.
crack growth behavior in PWSCC, 77 WOL. See Weld overlay.
crack growth rate testing, 76 WOR. See Weld overlay repairs.
crack initiation behavior in PWSCC, 79 Working Group Materials (WGM), 142
inspection methods/requirements, 7172 Working Group Pressure (WGP), 131, 143, 144
location in PWR Vessel, 64 Guideline 7/17, 143
primary water stress corrosion cracking of, 63 Guideline 7/24, 143
PWSCC cracks in CRDM nozzles, 70 World Health Organization, 365
PWSCC cracks in inlet/outlet nozzle butt welds, 6970 WPQT. See Welding Procedure Qualification Test.
PWSCC in, 66, 69 WRC. See Welding Research Council.
uses, 6466 WTO/TBT Agreement, 257, 259, 260
weld overlay repair, 81 Yield (plastic collapse), as pipeline failure mode, 374
alloy 152, 65 Yield strength
resistance to PWSCC, 67 French codes, 252
alloy 182, 17, 65, 66, 69, 76, 77 and irradiated stainless steel fracture toughness, 3
bare metal visual inspection of butt welds, 73 of nuclear pressure vessel steels, 3
butt weld leakage, 69 of nuclear reactor vessels, 66
chromium concentration, 66 PED limit, 310
composition, 65 of pressure equipment, PD 5500 (U.K.), 311312
crack growth behavior in PWSCC, 77 PWSCC susceptibility and, 67, 68
crack growth rate testing, 76 of steels for pressure vessels, French codes, 202
crack initiation behavior in PWSCC, 79 Yield stress, piping, 118
inspection methods/requirements, 7172 Youngs modulus, 115, 123, 139, 304, 314, 448
location in PWR Vessel, 64 Z factors, 117120
primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) of, 63 ferritic piping, 118120
PWSCC cracks in CRDM nozzles, 70 for shielded metal arc welds, 65, 117
PWSCC cracks in inlet/outlet nozzle butt joints, 6970 for submerged arc welds, 117
PWSCC in, 66, 69 Zick method, 330
uses, 6466 Zinc
visual inspection, 71 addition to primary coolant, 84, 118
weld overlay repair, 81 addition to reactor coolant, 104, 118
Weld overlay repair (WOR), 1720, 25, 81 Zircaloy, for liquid-injection shutdown system nozzles, 175
Weld replacement, as a PWSCC repair, 8182 Zircaloy-2, for calandria tubes, 636, 642
Weld shrinkage, 67 Zirconium alloys
Westinghouse, 193 for CANDU components, 172, 177
Westinghouse designed PWR power plants, 456 for fuel channel pressure tubes, 174, 177, 182, 183
bottom-mounted instrument (BMI) nozzle, 65 for pressure tubes, 164, 183, 652
CRDM nozzles in, 65