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V

80 C

F= kg/h
XF= 0.05 80C
CP F= 4.05 KJ/Kg C F
T= 20 C

Ws
Ps = 169.06 Kpa
= 0.85

Tc=

Balance Total

F=L+V

Segn Concentracio
F Xf = L xl
F x 0.05 =

F= 24000

24000 = 3000

V= 21000

H = Cp (Tf -Ti)

HF = Cp F (Tf - Ti)
H F= 4.05

HF= 81
HF = Cp F (Tf - Ti)
H L= 3.175

HL= 254.00

Pv= 169.06 Kpa =

En tabla:

T @ P dada: 115 C

Hws @ 115C: 2699.0 KJ/Kg

Hcs @ 115C: 482.5 KJ/Kg

Hv @ 80C: 2643.7 KJ/Kg

Balance de Energa:

F Hf + Ws Hws = V Hv + L HL + WsHcs

24000 x 81 + ws x 2699.0

1944000 + ws x 2699.0

Ws ( 2699.0 - 482.5

Ws 2216.5 =

Ws = 24513.97

Economia del vapor Cuando el condensado sale a 90C

Hv @ 90C: 2660.1 KJ/Kg

Balance de Energa:

F Hf + Ws Hws = V Hv + L HL + WsHcs

24000 x 81 + ws x 2699.0

1944000 + ws x 2699.0

Ws ( 2699.0 - 482.5
Ws 2216.5 =

Ws = 24669.35

Econm Vap = 21000 / 24669.35


V

80C L= 3000 kg/h


L
XL= 0.4
CP L= 3.175 KJ/Kg C

W
s

90 C

Balance Total

F=L+V

Segn Concentracion
F Xf = L xl
3000 x 0.4

Kg /h

+ V

Kg /h

p (Tf -Ti)

x ( 20 - 0)

KJ/Kg
x ( 80 - 0)

KJ/Kg

0.16906 mpa

(hg)

(hf)

(hg)

a:

Hv + L HL + WsHcs

= 21000 x 2643.7 + 3000 x

= 55517700 + 762000 + ws x 482.5

) = 55517700 + 762000 ) - 1944000

54335700

Kg/h

(hg)

a:

Hv + L HL + WsHcs

= 21000 x 2660.1 + 3000 x

= 55862100 + 762000 + ws x 482.5

) = 55862100 + 762000 ) - 1944000


54680100

Kg/h

= 0.85
254 + ws x 482.5

254 + ws x 482.5
Problema 2 mv=

Ws= 240 Kg/h


P= 143.27 kpa
cp=4.186 KJ/KgK

mf=
xf= 0.1
T= 25 C
cp= 3.960 KJ/KgK

mp=
xmp=

Balance de Masa:

mf (1-Xf)= mp (1-Xp) + mv

mf x Xf = mp x Xp

mf = mp + mv

Q = ms x s = mf x cp (b f) + mv v

balance en 2

240 kg/h = 0.067 Kg/s

0.067 x 0.1 = mp x

mp= 0.0133333 Kg/s

En 3:
mv = mf - mp

mv= 0.053333 Kg/s

En 4 :
v= 2309
Q= 0.067 x 3960
P= 38.58 kpa

Ws=

0.5

0.5