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angkuman Materi Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris Kelas 8 SMP

Chapter 1 My Favourite Animals and Plants

1. Language Function

a. Asking and offering for help


Can you help me to get ?
Would you like me to help you?

b. Describing the physical features


The owers are red and smell good
The cat is very cute and cuddly. It has white and black fur

2. Genre of text: Descriptive

a. Social function : To describe a particular person, place, or thing.

b. Generic structure:
identi cation: identi es phenomenon to be described
description: identi es phenomenon to be described
Spot is a regular house cat. He is quite fat, very uffy, and adorable.
He has orange fur with white and black spots.

3. Grammar:

a. Simple Present Tense


Example:
The bird ies easily.
I like peacocks very much.

b. Comparative Degree
Example:
A sun ower is not as big as a Raf esia.
An eagle is different from a condor.

Chapter 2 Its Time for Holidays

1. Language Function

a. Asking and giving opinion


Whats your opinion of .
Well, I must say that .

b. Describing places
The rooms look very comfortable
The wall is colorful

2. Genre of text: Descriptive


a. Social function : To describe a particular person, place, or thing.

b. Generic structure:
identi cation: identi es phenomenon to be described
description: describes parts, qualities, characteristics
There is a new hotel in my city. It is a four star hotel.

3. Grammar: Articles: a and the


Example:
There is a new hotel in my city.
The hotel is not very big but the architecture is very beautiful.

Chapter 3 Growing Up

1. Language Function

a. Asking for approval


Is that all right?
Do you think ?

b. Refusing and giving permission


Yes, certainly
Im afraid I cant let you stay until night

c. Expressions to invite others


Would you like to ?
Shall we ?

2. Genre of text: Recount

a. Social function :
to give the audience a description of what occurred and when it
occurred
to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

b. Generic structure:
orientation: the setting and introduce participants
events in time order: tell what happened, in what sequence
reorientation: optional-closure of events/ending
Two days ago, I was walking in the park by myself. Suddenly I heard a
noise behind some bushes.

3. Grammar: WH-Questions
Example:
Who ate the apple?
Whom did you meet at the post of ce this morning?.
What made you cry?
When did you see him?
Where did you buy the dress?

Chapter 4 A Friend in Need Is a Friend Indeed

1. Language Function

a. Offering help
What can I do for you?
May I help you?

b. Giving and refusing opinions


I think
In my opinion

2. Genre of text: Narrative

a. Social function: To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious


experiences in different ways.

b. Generic structure:
orientation: sets the scene and introduces the participants
evaluation (optional): a step back to evaluate the plight
complication: a crisis arises
resolution: the crisis is resolved, for better or worse
reorientation (optional)
Once upon a time there lived two best friends, the hare and the
tortoise.

3. Grammar: Simple Past Tense : Regular Verbs


Examples:
Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle.
They moved to a bigger house.

Chapter 5 Personal Experience

1. Language Function

a. Giving advices
If I were you, Id
Id if I were you
Youd better not
I wouldnt recommend

b. Offering, accepting, and declining an offer


Would you like ?
Yes, please.
Not for me, thank you.
2. Genre of text: Recount

a. Social function :
to give the audience a description of what occurred and when it
occurred
to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

b. Generic structure:
orientation: the setting and introduce participants
events in time order: tell what happened, in what sequence
reorientation: optional-closure of events/ending
I went to my Benis house yesterday to do a homework. I went there
with Dodi.

3. Grammar: Modals; should


Example:
Nina : Hi, Tomi. How was the concert?
Tomi : Hi, Nina. Yes, it was great. You should go and see their second
performance.
Nina : Wow, really? Ill go and see it then.

Chapter 6 Share Your Story

1. Language Function

a. Asking and giving information


Excuse me, do you know
Can you tell me

b. Expressions to start a conversation


Excuse me, but
Lovely/nice day, isnt it?

c. Expressions to respond to statement and you agree with it


Thats what I was thinking
How true

2. Genre of text: Recount

a. Social function :
to give the audience a description of what occurred and when it
occurred
to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

b. Generic structure:
orientation: the setting and introduce participants
events in time order: tell what happened, in what sequence
reorientation: optional-closure of events/ending
I walked down the pavement alone that evening. I noticed that the
streets were very quiet.

3. Grammar:

a. Past Continuous Tense


Example:
I was writing a letter.
She was watching a movie.

b. Quantifers
Example:
We dont have any sunglasses
There are a few pieces of wood left for the re place.