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Below is one possible dichotomous key for the trees shown in this lab: La, Trees with leaves modified as needles ~ Go to 2 Ib, Trees with broad-bladed leaves — Go to 3 ‘Pwo needles in bundle Five needles in bundle ... ‘Leaves compound ~ Go to 4 Leaves simple — Go to 5 Leaf composed of five leaflets ... Buckeye Laat composed of seven Jeatlets ‘Tree without thorns —Go to 7 Loaf blade shaped like a fan... Ginkgo . Leaf blade not shaped like a fan Go to 8 Laat blade oval, toothed but not lobed ... Elm 9 Leat blade lobed — Go to 9 Leaf blade with rounded lobes ... White oak 5. Leaf blade with pointed lobes .. . Pin oak rganism with two or four functional legs . . . g0 to 2 . organism without two or four legs go103 2a. organism without wings.....6600+++ Canis familiaris ..... °. dog 2b. organism with wings an . Passer domesticus. .... . .howse sparrow 3a, organism is unicellular... soto 4 ‘3b. organism is multicellular 2280105 ‘aa, organism swims freely in water... ++. + -Balantidium sp... -balantiiu ‘Ab, organism anchored to substrate ........++- Stentor sp. ++ a. organism is heterotrophic 0 106 5b. organism is autotrophic . -- 20107 62. organism lives in oceans . - |. Monodon monoceres.. . . arwbal 5b. organism lives om land. ......-.-+++++++- Ophiophagus hannah . . . king cobra Ta, organism is a tee... Pinus ponderosa......- ponderosa pine Te, organism is an herb... vevess e+, Taraxicum officinale « dandelion Dichotomous Key for Leaves 1. Compound of simpe leat 1a) Compound lea at divided into leatets) goo stop2 1 Sino i ide at a) Palmato arrangement ot leaflets (eallets alatached at one central point) -Aesculs (buckeye) ot leaflets tat attached at several points) oto stop 3 a) Leaflets taper to pointed ips -Carya pecan) tis ‘Robina (oust) 4. Aangement inal vaing 45) trac fon canta pat ‘osteo Wein branch oi main weinin ho mie ot he oa goto step 6 8. overal shape oiioal 5a) Leaf ishear-shapod.....Cerci (rus) 5b) Leatis star shapes cs bguambar (Sweet gu) 6. Appoatanco of ea edge ‘3} Leaf has toothed agged) edge Betula (rch) 60) Lea hs uriothed (Sma) edge nna (magnola) Fish key step 1 A itieh shape eon an ny. then go Sep2 B i tt shape not ng ane seem then gets 3 ep2 {ye fist as pointed ins, itisa trumpet fish 1 the fish has smooth fins, itis spotted moray ee step 3 steps "fish has both eyes on top ff ish has spots of the heed then go to step 6 ‘then go tostep 4 if fish does nat have spats, 1 fsh hasone ee on each 8 shen go rostep 7 8 side of the head. sowese then goto sep 5 step 6 IF ih has chin “whiskers,” step 4 tis 8 spotted gost fish {the sh has ong wipe fan doesnot have chin tail tsa spotted eagle ray B fh se ‘whisker his a Band all B the fh has shor, biota, pute it lea peacock Nounder step 7 Aish bs sips, then goto sto 8 6 1 os ot ae tps, ita gay epee step 1h has varaped ai tis a squal fon 1 fen aa bt a, ki 2B saseeye mapper Name lass Classification Date Extending Science Concepts Classifying Insects “Almost one million species of insects have been identified. More than ‘one-hundred thousand species can be found in North America. Scientists hypothesize that many more species exist but are yet to be discovered, ‘All insects are characterized by three body segments and six jointed legs. Most adult insects have two pairs of wings, but some are wingless ‘and others, such as ants and termites, lose their wings after mating. The Classification of insects is a very complex process and is based on such Characteristics as presence and number of wings, shape of wings, shape of legs, type of mouth parts, and so on. ‘A dichotomous, or branched, key is a device useful in classifying. Dichotomous (dy KAHT uh mauhs) comes from the Greek word meaning “in two. In a dichotomous key, two opposite characteristics are com pared. As you use the key for classifying insects, start with numbers La end 1b. If the characteristic described in 1a fits the insect you are “key- ing,” go on to the numbered step indicated at the end of the line. Continue keying the insect until you find its name. Use thé dichotomous key to classify the insects shown. Choose one insect and follow the key until you have named the insect. Put the insect’s name on the line provided. Repeaithe keying procedure for all of the insects. KEY TO INSECT CLASSIFICATION Ja Wings present 1b Wings absent . 2a One pair of wings 2b Two pairs of wings 3a Long body, legs long and slender 3b Rounded body, short legs .. 4a Wings transparent, lie flat against body when at rest 4b Wings transparent, extended up and away from body . Eee Classification (continued) 5a Wings longer than body, rounded at ends ‘5b Wings almost the same length as body; slightly tapered at ends ... 6a Wings broad and flat, covered with scales. Gb Wings transparent and narrow -mnn 7a Antennae long and thin, expanded at ti ... ‘Tb Antennae feathery, pointed at tip ... 8a Abdomen broad and rounded, many bristles 8b Abdomen slender, pointed at end 9a Twiglike body, long slender legs 9b Large head, narrow “waist,” rounded abdomen with pointed end TABLE A: INSECT CLASSIFICATION Number Name wolalywjalulalwlhnr é 1 | @ Hind limbs absent Siren intermedia, siren bb Hind limbs present Goto2 2 | a External gills presentin adults ‘Necturus maculosus, mud puppy bb External gills absentin adults Goto3 3 | a Large size (over 7 em long in Figure 1) Gotos bb Small siz (under 7 em long in Figure 1) Gotos 4 | a Body background black, large white spots variable in size completely covering body and tail Ambystoma tigrinum, tiger salamander bb Body background black, small round white spots in a row along each side from eye to tip of tail Ambystoma maculatum, spotted salamander 5 | a Body background black with white spois Goto6 'b_ Body background light color with dark spots and/or lines on body Goto? 6 | @ Small white spots on black background in a row along each side from head to tip of tail Ambystoma jeffersonianum, Jefferson salamander bb Small white spots scattered throughout a black background from head to tip of tail Plethodon glutinosus, slimy salamander 7 | @ Large irregular white spots ona black background extending from head to tip of tail Ambystoma opacum, marbled salamander bb No large irregular black spots on a ligh: background Goto8 8 | a Round spots scattered along back and sides ‘of body, tal flattened like a tadpole Titurus viridescens, newt bb Without round spots and tail nat flattened like a tadpole Gotod 9 | @ Two dark lines bordering a broad ight middorsal stripe with a narrow median dark line extending from the head onto the tal Eurycea bislineata, two-lined salamander bb Without two dark lines running the lencth of the body Gato 10 10 | @ Alight stripe running the length of the body and bordered by dark pigment extending downward on the sides Plethodon cinereus, red-backed salamander bb Aight stripe extending the length of the body without dark pigment on the sides Hemidactylium scutatum, four-toed salamander