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Skills Worksheet

Concept Review
Section: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Choose the statement from Column B that best matches the term in Column A, and
write the corresponding letter in the space provided.
Column A Column B

______ 1. reduction a. a chemical reaction in which a substance


gains electrons

______ 2. oxidation b. any chemical process in which electrons


are transferred from one substance to
another

______ 3. redox reaction c. a chemical reaction in which a substance


loses electrons

______ 4. oxidation number d. substance that causes reduction to happen


and is itself oxidized

______ 5. reducing agent e. number assigned to an atom in a poly-


atomic ion or molecular compound based
on the assumption of complete transfer of
electrons

______ 6. half-reaction f. substance that causes the oxidation of


other substances and is itself reduced

______ 7. oxidizing agent g. the part of a reaction that involves only


oxidation or reduction

Determine the oxidation number for each atom in the following chemical formulas.
8. ZnCl2

9. SO3

10. HNO3

11. Al2(SO4)3

12. PbO

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Holt Chemistry 1 Oxidation, Reduction, and Electrochemistry
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Concept Review continued

13. CO2

14. H2SO4

15. Write the half-reaction for the conversion of hydrogen peroxide to water.

16. Identify which of the following reactions is a reduction reaction and which is
an oxidation reaction. Write the balanced overall ionic equation for the redox
reaction between these two.

Mg Mg 2  2e

O2  4e 2O2

Balance the following equations using the half-reaction method.


17. MnO 2
2  SO2 SO4  Mn
2
(in acidic solution)

18. NO
3  Cu NO  Cu
2
(in acidic solution)

19. H2S  NO


3 NO2  S8 (in acidic solution)

20. In this equation identify which atoms where reduced and which were oxidized.
2K(s)  Cl2(g) 2KCl(s)

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


Holt Chemistry 2 Oxidation, Reduction, and Electrochemistry
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TEACHER RESOURCE

Answer Key
Concept Review: Oxidation- 17. salt bridge or porous barrier
18. Electrons flow from the higher
Reduction Reactions pressure in the negative terminal
through a metal circuit, which
1. a
includes the light blub, towards the
2. c
positive terminal.
3. b
19. Zn(s) Zn2(aq)  2e, anode
4. e
20. Cu2(aq)  2e Cu(s), reduction
5. d
6. g
7. f Concept Review:
8. Zn: 2, Cl: 1 Galvanic Cells
9. S: 6, O: 2
10. H: 1, N: 5, O: 2 1. simple
11. Al: 3, S: 6, O: 2 2. two, outside, two, thin
12. Pb: 2, O: 2 3. indirectly, inefficient
13. C: 4, O: 2 4. directly, simple, efficient
14. H: 1, S: 6, O: 2 5. possible
15. H2O2(aq)  2H(aq)  2e 2H2O(l) 6. galvanic
16. oxidation, reduction, 2Mg  O2 7. chemical, electrical
2Mg2  2O2 ; Mg  O2  2MgO 8. portable
17. 2MnO 4  5SO2  2H2O 2Mn
2 9. acidic
2 
 5SO4  4H 10. alkaline
18. 2NO 
3  3Cu  8H 2NO  3Cu
2 11. carbon
 4H2O 12. alkaline
19. 8H2S  16NO 
3  16H 16NO2
13. steel
 S8  16H20 14. lead
20. K is oxidized and Cl is reduced. 15. lead(II) sulfate
16. galvanic, electrolytic
Concept Review: 17. rechargeable
18. galvanic
Introduction to 19. Daniell
Electrochemistry 20. Ag, cathode; Zn, anode; 1.5614 V
21. Cu, cathode; Pb, anode; 0.4681 V
1. voltage 2e
22. Zn(s)  Cu (aq) Zn2(aq)
2
2. electric current, ampere  Cu(s), spontaneously to the right
3. electrode E  (0.34)  (0.76)  1.10 V
4. 2e
electrochemical 23. I2(s)  2Cl(aq) Cl2(g)  2I(aq)
5. c spontaneously to the left
6. b E  (0.54)  (1.36)  0.82 V
7. 2e
e 24. 2Ag(aq)  Cu(s) Cu2(aq)
8. d  2Ag(s) spontaneously to the right
9. f E  (0.80)  (0.34)  0.46 V
10. a 25. the deterioration of metals due to
11. h oxidation reactions with their
12. g environment
13. cathode 26. oxygen, water, and ions
14. electrolyte
15. oxidation
16. reduction

Copyright by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


Holt Chemistry 101 Oxidation, Reduction, and Electrochemistry