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Working With Special

COURSE: Early Childhood Education II UNIT C Groups of Children and

Child Care Issues

ESSENTIAL Understand issues affecting development of

7.00 B2 10%
STANDARD: children.

Understand nutrition issues that affect

OBJECTIVE: 7.01 B2 5%
development of children.

Essential Questions:
What nutrition issues affect the development of children?
How can childrens special nutritional needs and other food-related issues be
How can appropriate menus for children be planned and provided?

Balanced nutrition for children
Nutrition resources
Reliability of sources
My Pyramid for Preschoolers/My Pyramid for Kids
Need a variety of foods from five food groups
Grain group
Vegetable group
Fruit group
Milk group
Meat and beans group
Oils not a food group, but need some for good health
Each childs age, gender, and physical activity level are used to
develop individual eating plans and determine calories needed
NC Child Care Handbook
Suggestions for Encouraging Favorable Food Attitudes & Good
Eating Habits
Meal Patterns for Children in Child Care Programs
Menu Planning Form
Special nutritional needs---types, causes and effects, prevention and treatment
Under nutrition and malnutrition
Overeating and obesity
Food allergies
Food Restrictions Form
Other food-related issues
Other dietary restrictions
Food preferences
Appreciation for multicultural foods

Special Prevention and

Nutritional Needs Meaning Typical Causes Typical Results Treatment
1. undernutrition Not eating Poverty Growth is slowed Support programs to
enough food Food likes and or stopped reduce poverty
to maintain a dislikes Nutrient Use appealing
healthy body
Unbalanced diet deficiencies lead to: variety of foods and food
and normal -Irritability textures, flavors, colors,
activities Poor food
choices -Bowed legs forms, and temperatures
Bodys inability
-Sunken eyes Honor childrens
-Teeth decay preferences if possible
to use nutrients
-Fatigue Teach healthy food

2. malnutrition Long-term
lack of proper

3. overeating Eating more Large supply of Emotional Scale serving sizes

than body food problems to childrens appetites
needs to Trend toward Obesity Provide small
function snacking Other health servings

4. obesity Body is more Overeating Lack of self- Change behaviors of

than 20% Poor food esteem parents and children
overweight choices Poor treatment by Help with food
Inherited peers choices
tendency to be Hypertension Teach foods low in
overweight; a family Diabetes fat and calories
disorder Heart disease Teach portion
Family stress Hardening of the control
Physical arteries Provide exercise
inactivity Overweight adults Build self-esteem
Serve healthy. low-
fat foods

5. diabetes Body does not Obesity Feel sick when Varied diet with
produce sugar is high or low fruits, vegetables, and
insulin and is grains
unable to Minimize saturated
manage blood fat and cholesterol
Moderate sugars,
Balanced foods and
portion sizes
Eat at regular
Ask parents for
personalized meal plan
6. food allergy Body reacts Wheat, soy, Sniffles, pain, Provide restricted
negatively to fish, peanuts, tree diarrhea, nausea, diet
some foods nuts, shellfish, eggs, swelling, rashes, Offer safe
and milk cause 90% congestion substitutes
of food allergies Anaphylactic Eliminate food and
shock smells from classroom
(can be fatal) Obtain information
from parents
Read product labels