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Introduction

This publication has its object to introduce the Russian speaking specialists, who practice Tibetan
traditional medicine, with recipes and medical tradition of Medzikhang. It is the main educational and
medical Institution of the Tibetan Government in Exile. That Institution is located in very small town
Dharamsala (Himachal Pradesh, India). It has a large number of branches at many cities and towns of
India and Nepal and Tibetan colonies of both countries.

Originally Medzikhang was established by a renowned doctor Kyenrab Norbu (1883-1962), the
private physician of the Thirteenth Dalai-Lama (1876-1933) in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, in 1916.
There students from all across Tibet studied Tibetan medicine and astrology, based on the educational
programme, which was developed by an outstanding scholar Desi Sangye Gaytso (1653-1705), regent
of the Great Fifth Dalai-Lama (1617-1682).

In 1961 on the request of His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai-Lama Tendzin Gyatso (born in 1935) a
great expert in the field of Tibetan medicine Dr. Yeshi Donden (the personal physician of His Holiness
between 1960-1980) reestablished Medzikhang in Dharamsala, the capital of Tibetan diaspora. Here
from 1960 His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai-Lama has his permanent residence. In Dharamsala a
large number of Tibetan refugees settled. Reopened Medzikhang preserves the tradition of Tibetan
medicine, as an important part of the Buddhist Teaching (Dharma). The value of tradition of
Medzikhang is that pass on the centuriesold experience of the use of remedies by the great physicians
to the graduating students of Medzikhang. Here new generation of the doctors analyze and seek new
schemas of treatment of serious diseases, renew the arsenal of medicines and methods of successful
cure. Negative factor of the Medzikhang tradition consists of its certain conservatism of the selection
of medical formulas and not using of very effective drugs and methods of treatment from other
schools, particularly, from Mongolian one. In the practice of the Tibetan physicians of Medzikhang
medicines with cool qualities are widespread, however it is not quite corresponded with the changing
of the way of life, diet, or behavior patterns of modern beings. However, it is necessary to study the
prescriptions and correct approach to treatment, developed by the traditional doctors of Medzikhang.
They can be a basis for the young Russian specialists, who deal with practice of traditional Tibetan
medicine. From my own experience I know, that it is also important to analyze the local (Buryat)
traditions with special reference to the climate, which differ from the climate of India and Tibet, food
and features of physical constitution of the population. All the mentioned above factors dictate the
corrections of treatment and prescriptions of the medicines, therefore the author of present work
decided to introduce here the most best recipes from different traditions, including Buryat ones too.
Detailed research of prescriptions give a unique opportunity to prepare drugs from local raw materials
(medicinal herbs and plants) and it will not be necessary to buy medicines in India. It is known, that
the drugs, manufactured from raw materials, gathering at the regions, where the sick person lives, are
more effective because of many circumstances. From my own practice I have found, that sometimes
the Russian raw materials have higher qualities than Indian ones.

In brief, how I was able to collect and describe the prescriptions of Medzikhang. It is unclear, why
they are keeping in secret. During a year learning of Tibetan spoken language in Dharamsala and
receiving of the traditional Tibetan medical training under guidance of one of the Tibetan physician I
was able to copy and check the names of the drugs very carefully, written on each box, staying on the
shelves of a number of Tibetan pharmacies. It was a first stage of my hard work. Then I did
identification of the abbreviated names of the drugs written on the boxes and search them in the
available prescription books. Time to time I had professional consultations of the Tibetan traditional
physicians, who work in Dharamsala.

I was very glad, when I discovered, that it was not difficult to restore the recipes of the contracted
names. I did that work thanks to availability of prestigious prescription books, copied at the library of
Medzikhang. The modern and rare Tibetan prescription books, which I bought in India and Nepal,
were very helpful for my research too. I learned, that the majority of the formulas are well-known in
central and eastern Tibet and they are popular among the traditional doctors. It was the most difficult
to identify the prescriptions, elaborated in Dharamsala as they did not describe and not mentioned at
any available prescription books. My productive talks and close communication with the graduating
students of Medzikhang gave me a good opportunity to copy the majority of the recipes from them. In
the process of my work I compared all the formulas many times, based on the correct information of
the twenty Tibetan prescription books. I paid special attention to the prescription book, compiled by a
highly educated physician Kyenrab Norbu in order to exclude any type of the slips of the pen and
contradictions.

It should be noticed, that present book contains mainly the descriptions of the classical and popular
versions of recipes, but it is happened, that I give special, unusual and non-traditional versions of the
drugs and describes the secret components for a series of the formulas.

Preliminary analysis of the collected recipes gives a chance to mark out a number of the interesting
features of the Medzikhangs tradition. First of all there are a great number of twins combinations of
the popular formulas Gyu khyun, A zi and ets. Secondly, many new drugs exist, compiling on the
basis of the classical prescriptions with addition of several new components. A large number of new
drugs appeared due to synthesis of the widely used medicines such as Gur gum bcu gsum (Gur
khyung, Gur phyag, Dga ba bcu drug, Gnyan po bco brgyad, Gur gsang) and Gyu ril bcu gsum (Gyu
khyung, Gyu dkar, Gyu khyung dkar bsnan, Gyu gsang). The first group of remedies is very helpful
for the treatment of the upper (top) and middle (central) parts of the body and the five vital organs
(heart, lungs, liver, spleen and kidneys) too. The drugs, belonged to the second groups, cure the lower
part of the body and the six reservoir organs (stomach, small intestine, large intestine, gall-bladder,
seminal vesicle and urinary bladder). Thirdly, there are a number of medicines, which are able to
eliminate spreading of the bad blood. It forms mainly in the liver because of disease, called ma zhu
of limpid juice and chronic smug po. The medicines, eliminating the spreading of the bad blood at
the upper part of the body, are recommended patients, who suffer from high blood pressure, asthma,
thyroid gland and lungs. The medicines, eliminating the spreading of the bad blood at the middle
part of the body, are recommended patients, who suffer from smug po of the stomach sickness and
diseases of the spleen. The medicines, eliminating the spreading of the bad blood in vessels, are
recommended patients, who suffer from the poisoning, atherosclerosis, trombophlebitis, heart diseases
and etc. The medicines, eliminating the spreading of the bad blood to the lower part of the body, are
recommended patients, who suffer from rkang bam (Elephantiasis and Varicosis), diabetes and
women diseases. The medicines, eliminating the spreading of the bad blood and chu ser (yellow
water) in vessels, are recommended patients, who suffer from the skin and joint diseases, different
kinds of the oedema and etc. It is necessary to pay special attention on the bad blood during
treatment of patients, suffering from cancer (tumor) disorders. It should be mentioned, when the doctor
treats the chronic disorders, firstly he has to eliminate the original causes of the illnesses: ma zhu,
smug po and spreading of the bad blood into affected part/parts of the body. At the same time he has
to prescribe the medicines in order to cure the concrete disease. It is important to notice, that not each
concrete disease connects with circulation of the bad blood. For example a cold of the kidney,
caused by influence of common colds on the lower part of the body, can be treated by the hot remedies
and it is not necessary to eliminate the spreading of the bad blood.

Let me tell about method of the prescriptions of the medicines. In the tradition of Medzikhang the
physician prescribes three or four medicines, which a patient must take daily. The first one takes at
least before a half hour of breakfast, the second one takes at least after a half hour of lunch, the third
one takes at four or five oclock P.M. (sometimes the patient does not take any medicine at that time)
and the fourth medicine takes before going to the bed. By tradition in the morning doctor gives the hot
medicines, the cool and balanced ones - after lunch. In the schema of treatment can be used the
Precious/Jewel pills (rin chen ril bu). One valuable pill might be taken each the third or tenth days.
Usually at the day of taking of the Precious pill the patient does not take the other medicines. The
Precious pills, containing dngul chu bco thal should be taking in darkness. The detailed instruction of
the taking of the Precious pills is given in the part of description of the Great Precious Cold
Compound Black Pill (Rin chen grang sbyor).
In Medzikhang factory the traditional Tibetan medicines are manufactured in the form of pills, it is
easy to keep and pre-pack them. In Medzikhang pharmacy the three main sizes of the pills are
available: large ones have 12-13 mm. in diameter (Zla shel so bdun, A gar brgyad pa and etc); middle
ones 9-10 mm. in diameter (the majority of medicines); small ones 3-4 mm. in diameter (Khyung
lnga, Khyung lnga ni la). According to the prescription of the doctor the patient takes one large pill,
the 3-4 middle pills or the 3-5 small pills daily. In case of prescription of the twins combination like
Sug khyung ill person should take the three middle pills (Sug smel bcu pa) and the three small pills
(Khyung lnga) at the same time. The patient takes the two middle pills of each medicines (Gi vang dgu
pa and Can dan brgyad pa), if the physician prescribes the twins combination like Gi can and etc.

Finally about the structure of that book. The chapter Prescriptions reveals the composition and
use of the 250 popular recipes, about the 170 drugs from them are manufactured by the factory of
Medzikhang in Dharamsala. I marked widely spread twins combinations of the remedies by one star
and marked the popular ones, borrowed from the other traditions by two stars. The formulas are
arranged in Tibetan alphabetical order, except the twins combinations. They are arranged under these
medicines from which are originated. Each prescription has Tibetan name in dbu chen, lower there is
name in transliteration by Cyrillic alphabet and synonyms of the names of medicines, if they exist.
Then the formula with all the ingredients and their dosages (sometimes several versions of the formula
of the same medicine is mentioned) is given with indication of sources, from which it is borrowed (a
number in squire brackets indicates the number of the source mentioned in a list of literature, which is
given at the end of that book). OI. means the oral information, M.- manuscript prescription books of
the old Buryat emchis (traditional doctors). Also the descriptions of the use of the concrete remedies
with indication of the sources are given. It should be noticed, that some formulas have more or less
components, than mentioned in the name. Particularly, medicine Skyu ru-25 consists not of the 25
ingredients, but the 26 ones, by adding one component in that recipe, probably for more success, more
healing potency and therapeutic effect.

Present book contains a list of the literature, index of the synonyms of the names of medicines,
index of diseases with numbers of the remedies for treatment of the majority typical disorders. Here
the author tries to combine Tibetan and Western systems of the nosological classification of the
illnesses.

I hope, that my book and books, published earlier the Russian translation of the medical treatise
Lhanthab, reference books on the Tibetan medicinal raw-materials and methods of technology of
raw-materials will bringing the use to all human beings.

You can send all the criticism, wishes and book order to the e-mail address: kosoburov@inbox.ru

Kosoburov Andrey Aleksandrovich, Ulan-Ude, 2005.


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: -, ---

( ): - 58, - 15, - - - {
10:75 [4]} 14, --- 15, --- 10, - 48, - 7, -
10, - 22, - 50, - 30, 55, - 33, --- 33,
- 30, - 30, - 30 - 20 [1]

( 16): - 58, - 18 { - -
10:75 [4]}, - 18, --- 15, --- 15, -- 48, -
2, --- 10, - 22, - 70, - 30, 55, - 33, --
- 32, - 33, - 30, - 30, - 30 [6]

( 17): - 58, - 14 { - -
10:75 [4]}, - 20, --- 15, --- 10, - 48, -
7, - 10, - 22, - 50, - 30, 55, - 33, ---
33 [16]

: [] , [] [] .., ,
, ,
, , - [, ]
, [ ]
[4]

47.
: '---18

: - 150, - 50, - 80, -- 150, -- 100, -- 120,


- 50, - 20, --- 100, - 100, -- 50, --
50, -- 50, --- 40, --- 50, - 15, -
-- 30, - 5, - 5, - 20 [2]

: [ ] [] - ,
, , , , , -,
-, , , ,
[2];

16 , , - -

17

18 .. -
- []
, ---, -
[]

48**.
: ---

: --- 50, --- 45, --- 40, - 30,


-- - 35, -19 30 [7]

: - , .., []
[], , , , []
, , ..
, [ ] - [7]

49**.
: ---

( ): -- 50, -- 40, - 40, --


40, --- 35, - 35, - 30, - 30 [7]

: - , .., []
, , , []
, ,
.., , [ ] - [7]

( ): - 50, - 40, --- 35, -


30, - 40, -- 40, - 40, - 30 [6]

: , , ,
-, [ ] [6]

50.
: '---

19 - - - []
: -- 2, - 3, - 3, - 3, - 2, - 2, - 2,
- 2 [6]

: [
-] , [ ]
[ ] , ..,
[] [2, 6]

51.
: -'--

( ): --- 100, - 300, - 150, - 100,


- 100, - 150, - 200 [3, 4]

: , [] , [ ]
[ ] -, []
, [- ] , .., [
] [4]

( , -----): - 3, - 2,
- 1.1, - 1.8, - 2.3, - 1 - 2.2 - 3,
- 3 - 3 - [21]

: , - [21]; ,

52.
: ---

: -, ---

: - 200, --- 150, - 170, - 120, - 80, -


70, -- 100 [3, 17]

: [] , , ,
, , ,
[ ], , [] ,
.., [ ]
[- ] , [4]
53.
: ---

: - 20, - 10 { --20 10 [3]}, - 20, - 30,


--- 6, --- 20, - 8, - 8, -
20, -' 30, - 36, - 0.4, 20, -- 10 [6]

:
, , [ ],
.., [ ] , ,
.., [4];
--- -, -,
[]

54*.
: ---

: -

: --- -'-- [4]

: [] , ,
, [],
, , [] , [
] [4]

55**.
: ---

: - 30, -- 20, - 20, -- 20 []

: , [ ] []

56.
20
: ---

: --- 30, - 150, - 120, - 25, - 20, - 35,


-- 20, - 55, --- 70, --- 70, --- 50, --
200, - 10, --- 120, --- 70, - 80, -- 100,
- 1 [4, 16]

: [ ] ,
, , [] -, -
.., [ ] -, , [] ,
, [ ] , , -
[4, 9]

57.
: -----

: ---, -----

: ---21 35, -- 15, - 4, - 3, - 3, -


3, - 4, -- 3.2, - 15, --- 15, --- 15, --
- 3, - 20, - 20, - 10, - 7, - 5, -
10, -- 10 [1, 4, 11]

: -, , ,
- [] -,
, , , [ ] , [ ]
[], ,
-, [ ] - .., [ ]
[] , , -,
.. [4]

58.
: ---

: ---, -

: - 50, - 15, - 4, -- 20, - 15, -- 15,


- 15 [1]

21 --- [11]
: - [], , ,
, , [] , - ..,
[] [ ] [
-] [4]; [ ]
[ ] , [ ]
- 20 - 10 , [ ] -
[--] 10 - 10 [1]

59.
: ---

: - 100, - 25, - 20, - 20, - 15, -- 15, -


50, --- 25, -- 25, --- 25, --- 40, - 40, -
- 40, -- 50, --- 25, - 40, --- 50, -- 40, -
40, --- 50, --- 75, -- 25, --22 40, -
25, - 7.5 [17]

: ,
- ,
[-], , , , ,
, [] , , ., [
] - [4];
-, []

60.
: ---

: --- 100, - 75, - 20, - 75, -- 20, -


50 { -23 50 [3, 6]} [4]

: - - [ ]
, , , , ,
[ ] - .., [
] -, [ ]
[4, 9]

22
, , ,
, , [15]

23 ; ----
[11], - . ---
61*.
: -

: --- --- [9]

: , , [] ,
.., [ ] -
[4]

62.
: ---

: ---

: --- 250, - 150, - 40, -- 40, - 100, -


100, -- 100, ---- 100, - 100, -- 80, -
- 130, -- 80, -- 150, --- 40, -- 40, - 80, -
80, - 100, --- 150, -- 80, - 1.5 [4]

: - -, , ,
, [ ] , ,
- .., [ ]
- [4]

63**.
: ---

: '-

: ---, -, -, - --
, - - ---
[] .. [ ] -
[ , ] ;
[, ] -----, []
[] [5]
: [ ] ,
, [ ] -, , -, [ ]
, [] , [] [- ]
, [--], [--]-, [] ,
[ ], [ ] [5];
[]

64.
: -----

: ---, ---

: -- 130, - 100, - 140 - 100, - 100, - 50


[2]

: , ,
, [] , ,
, [ ] [
] - [] - - , [ ]
- [2, 9]

65.
: -----

: - 200, - 100, - 40, -- 60, - 80, -


80, 80, -- 150, - 100, - 100, - 100, - [
] 30, -- 100, - 80, -- 80,
- 60, - 2, - 1 [3]

: , [ ]
, [] , - , ,
, , [],
, - -,
, , , [] ,
, , , , []
, [ ] ,
.., [ ] - -
[ ] [4, 9]
66.
: '---

: ---, '-

: - 50, -- 250, - 130, --- 180, -- 400, -


5 [2]

: [ ] , ,
, -, [, ] ,
[] , .., , []
[] [4]; [ ]
, , , [
] -, , [-
] -, - .., []
[] - - [9]

67.
: '-----

: '---, ---

( ): 24 - 150, - 100, -
50, - 100, -- 200, -- 50, - --- 150,
- 130 [4, 17]

( ): --- 100, - 50, - 30, - 50, -


- 100, -- 30, - 50 --- 30 [22]

: [ ] - ,
, , , [
] , , , ..,
[ ] , []
[4]; [ ] []
, , , , []
[ ], , [] ,
.. [9]

68**.
24 [3]
: '-----

: '-

: - 30, - 19, - 20, -- 20, - 50, - 21, --


10, -- 25, - 47, - 19, - 24, -- 19, - 41, -
41, - 10, -- 24, - 29, - 30, - 25, -- 20, -
20, -- 39 [10]

: []
[ ] , [ ] -,
-, -[-], -[-, ] ,
[ ] [- ] [] -, , -,
, , , -, , -,
, , , -25 [
] , , ,
, ,
-, ,
, , [.. ] -
[10]

69.
: -

: -----, -'--, -'----,


---

: - 160, - 20, - 20, -- 20, - 40, -


48, - 48, - 48, - 48, -26 48, [ ] [1, 3]

: [ ] , ,
,
, ,
, .., [] []
[4]; , ,
, ,
, -, [-], -,
, [ -] , , - -
, [ ] [9]; -,
, -, , -, , ,
, , ,
, , [ ] -, [ ]
, - [] , [],
, - .. - [ ]
, [] [] ,
, [] - [16]

25 -,

26 -, ,

70*.
: -

: - - [4]

: ,
.., [ ]
[ ] [ -
] [4]; -,
- ---, - []

71.
: ---

: - 150, - 40, - 80, - 150, - 100, - 120, - 50,


- 20, - 120, - 50, 70, 70, - 70, - 100, -
150, - 10, - 10, - 25 [2]

: [ ] [] ,
[] , , [] ,
, , ,
, [] [ ] [4]

72**.
: ---

: - 100, - 33, --- 327, - 175, - 33 100 []

:
- []

27 , 33
73.
: ---

: - 100, -- 80, - 80, - 50, - 80, - 50,


-- 40, - 70 [6]

: , .., [ ]
, [4]; [ ]
, , [
], , [] , ,
, [9]

74.
: ---

: - 80, - 40, -28 30, -- 130, -- 50, - 80, -


60, - 20, -- 30, -- 30, - 40, - 70, - 80, -
- 40, - 80, --- 70, - 40, -- 60, - 60, -
30, - 80, --- 80, - 50, - 50, - 20 [3, 16]

: , ,
.., [ ]
[4]; , , ,
[] , .. [],
[9]

75.
: ---

: ---, ---

: - 6, 3, 3.1, - 3,
- 3, - 1, --- 1, - 1, --- 1, -- 2, --
1, - 1, - 1, - 1, -- 1 [4, 6]; ,
- 5 - 5, - 2, []
- 5 [4]

28 -, - - [1, 2, 4]
: , , [ - ] , ,
-, -, , .., [ ]
-, [] - .. [4]; ,
[] -, - .. , ,
[] , [] - .., , , [ ]
-, -, [- ] .. [9]

76**.
: --

: ---

( ): ---, -, -- --
, - [] ;
- [10]

( ): - 50, --- 50, -, -- --


25 [14]

: [ ] , []
, [10]

77**.
: ---

: - 50, - 40, -- 30, - 30, - 70, --- 70, --


30, - 40, -- 30, - 30, - 40, -- 50, -- 10,
- 20, - 50, -- 30, -- 100, - 40, - 30 [13]

: , 29 [ ] -, ,
-, , [ ]
[] , ,
[] [ ] [ .., ] , ,
[] , [ ] [13]

29 , 300 , ,
150 , , 50 ,
, ,
[]
78.
: ---

: ---

: --- 158, - 100, - 40, - 60, - 20, --30 20,


- 40, - 40, - 40, - 40, - 40, -- 20, - 28, -
, .. - 40 { -, .. -31, 40 [1]}, - 60, ---
120, - 160, -- 40, 40, -- 20, ---- 40,
-- 100, - 120, - 60, - 140 [4, 1]

: [ ] - - ,
, , ,
- , , [
], .., [] ,
- [4, 8]

: ----

: -- 6, -- 8, - 4, --- 3, - 3 [10]

: , ,
[] -32 [10]

: ----

: -- -- 160 , - - 10
, --- - 5 [10]

: [ ] [10]

: ----

30 - . 43

31

32 . ,
: -- 75, - 75, -- 30, - 20, - 20, --
13, --- 10 , --
- [10]

: 33, [ ]
34,
[10]

: ----

: -- 50 , -- 3 , -, -, --, -,
-, -, -, -, --, -, -, - -
1 [13]

: [13]

79**.
: ---

: ( ): - 100, - 100, -- 100, --


100, -- 100, - 100, - 100, - 100, - 100, --
100, - 100, - 100, - 100, - 200, - 200, - 200 [2]

: ( ): -, -, --, --, --,


-, - -- 10, , -- -- 27, -, -
- 27, - 50 - 25
[14]

: [ ] -, [2, 14]

80.
: ---

: - 50, 25, - 25, -- 25, - 25, -- 25,


- 25, -- 25, - 25, - 25, --- 25, -- 25,

33 40 !

34 ,
- 5, - 25, - 3, - 25, -- 25, - 25, - 25,
25, - 20, - 25, -- 25, - 25, - 25 [3]

: , [, ]
, , - -, -
.., [ ] ,
, [] , , . [] [4, 8]

81**.
: ---

: - 12, -- 10, 10, -- 10, - 11, - 10, --


50, -- 20, -- 30 [13]

: [ ] , [] [-
] [13]

82.
: ---

: - 80, - 10, - 20, - 10, - 4, -- 6, - 14,


- 16, - 4, - 10, - 2, -- 8, --- 6, -
10, -- 10, - 6 [6]

: - , , , ,
, [ ] ,
-, - 35,
[ ] [- ] , []
.., [ ] - , []
[4, 9]

83.
: ---

35 .
: - 150, -- 140, -- 100, -- 120, - 75, -
100, - 30, - 40, - 30, -- 30, --- 60, --- 100,
- 80, -- 70, - 80, --- 70, --
80, - --- 100 [4]

: []
[], [ ],
, , ,
[ ] , , ,
, , [] - .., [
] [4, 9]

84.
: ---

: ---, ---, ---

: - [150] - [150],
, 300, ---
[150] --- [150], 300, - 30, -
100, - 40 { -36 40 [3]}, - 40, - 40,
-- 40, - 100, - 100, -- 50, --- 60, - 80,
- 100 [16]

: , , , , ,
, , [] , - -, ,
, - , ,
, [] -, -, - .., [ ]
, [4];
- 5 ,
3 , 1 - 30 [] --- []

85.
: ---

: -'----, -'--, -'--, -

( ): -' 80, - 5, - 5, -- 10, - 40 [1]

36
( ): -' 100, - 50, - 30, -- 50, - 30
[22]

: [ ] , [] ,
, [] -,
[], , , -, - .., []
[] [4]

86**.
: -

: 30 - 5 , 3 ,
1 - []

: , []

: ---

: -----

: - 50, -- 20, -- 20, -- 30, - 10, - 20,


- 20, -- 20 [3, 17]

: , []
, .. [3]

87.
: --'-

: -

: - 150, - 100, ---37 50, - 100, - 100,


--- 80, --- 100, -- 100, - 80, --- 50,
- 80, -- 100, --- 300, -- 100, - 100,
--- 100, - 1.5 [4]

: [],
[
] , , [] ,

37 [3, 6, 17] -
--
.., [ ]
[] [4]

88.
: ---

: ---

: --- 300, - 100, ---- 200 [4, 6]

: [ ] 38, [] , []
[- ] [ ],
[ ], , , [ ] - [] [-
] , - [- ] [- ] ..,
- , []
[4, 8]

89.
: -

: --- ---

: [] [- ] , , ,
, .., [ ]
- [4, 9]

90.
: ---

: ---

( ): --- --- [8, 9]

38
( ): - 100, - 40, -- 70, - 100, -
50, - 80, - 200, --- 60, --- 200, -- 180, - 150
[3]

:
, [] [- ] ,
.., [ ] [] [- ]
[- ] [4, 9]

91.
: ---

: 39 - 20, - 1, -- 1,
- 1, -- 1 [1, 4]

: [ ] [ ] -,
, -, [
] -, , [-], , -,
, - .. [4]

92.
: ---

: -

: -40 200, - 60, - 18, - 18, - 18, - 12, -


12, -- 12, - 18, - 8, - 60, - 60, - 6, -- 6, -
6, - 10, --- 10, - 10 [1, 3]

: , [ -] --, [-
-]- [] -, -, -
[] , , -, --, -,
, -, [] -
, , ..; [ ]
[] , [
] [4]

39 -

40 , -, -
--
93.
: -

: ---, ---, -, ---

: --- 100, -- 75, -- 50, -- 200, -


- 25, - 50, -- 50, - 75, - 20, -- 60, --
40, - 40, - 50, - 50, -- 40, - 20, - 75 [3, 17]

: [ ] ,
-, ,
-, .., ,
- , []
, - [4, 9]

94.
: ---

: ---, ---

: -- 200, - 120, --- 120, - 100, - 20,


- 50, --- 50, - 30, - 25 [2]

: -, [ ] -- [2];
, -, [- ] , ,
, [- - ] , , ,
[ ] ,
-- [9]

95.
: ---'

: -, ---

: - 200, - 120, - 150, - 150, -- 150, --


50, -- 100, -- 100, -- 80, - 1 [3, 4]
: - [-], [ ] -
, ,
- , ,
- [] , , [ ] - -, ,
, [ ] -[]
[4, 9]

96*.
: -

: ---

: - - [4, 8, 9]

: [ ] [- ] ,
, [ ] - -,
, [] , [ ] [- ] [-]
[] , [ ] [- ]
.., [ ] - [- ]
- [-] [4]

97**.
: ---

( ): - 14, -- 4, - 28 [6]

( , -----): - 50, --
30, --- 100, [],
, [14]

: [ ] , -
[, ] [- ] [14, 6];
, []

: ----

: --- [8]

: --- --- (?)


: [ ] [ 41, ]
[8]

98.
: ---

: ---, ---

: - 30, -- 60, - 30, - 10, -- 30, -- 30, -


- 30 [1, 4]

: [] , [ ]
[] [-] , , , ,
.., [ ] [ ] -
[4, 9]

99.
: ---42

: -

: --- --, -, -- -
- [8, ]

: , ---, [ ]
[, ] [8]

100.
: ---

: -, -

41 ?

42 , .. -
[]
: --- 150, - 130, - 50, -- 180, -
120, - 120, -- 120, -- 50, -- 50, --
-, []
70, - 150, -, [ ] , 130,
- 1.5 [3, 4]

: , ,
(?) , , [],
,
[ ] .., [
] [] , ,
[4, 9]

101**.
: ---

: - 50, - 50, - 20, 20, - 3, - 10, 10 [16]

: [ ] - -,
, [ ], , , []
-, -, , - [16, 2];
,
[]

102.
: ---

: --- 150, --- 75, - 150, - 100, --


120, -- 50, - 130, - 80, - 40, - 30, -
100, - --- 75 { -43 75 [3]}, --
80, --- 100, - 80 [4, 3]

: , ,
, , []
, [] [- ] [ ],
.., [ ]
[-] [4, 9]; ,
-, .. --- -
, -, .. --- --- []

43 [3]
103*.
: ---

: -

: --- - [4, 9]

: [] , ,
, , , [ ], [- ]
, [- ] , , [] ..,
[ ]
[4]

104.
: ---

( ): - 200, - 150, -- 150, - 150, -


130, --- 100, --- 50, -- 100,
- 80, -- 65, - 1, - 1 [3, 4]

( ): - 19, - 13, -- 14, - 10, - 20,


--- 10, --- 12, - 13,
- { --- [1]} 40, - 12, - 8, - 12 [20]

: , , [- ] ,
, .., [ ]
[4]

105*.
: ---

: --- - [4]

: [ ] [] ,
, , , ,
, [ ] -, - .., [
] [ ] [] [-, ] [-
] , [4]

106.
: ---

: - 10, --- 8, --- 8, - 8.5, -- 8, --


15, -- 10, -- 12, - 10, -- 5 [3, 4]

: [ ] , , []
, [] -,
- .., [ ]
, - [4, 9]

107.
: ---

: ---

( ): --- - [4]

: [] [ ]
[] , [] ,
[ , ] -, .., [ ]
[] , -, [
] [4]

( ): - 35, - 35, -- 35, - 5, -- 30,


- 100, - 40, - 30, - 10, -- 5, - 2.5, - 100,
- 15, - 35, - 10 [1744, 1, 10]

: [ ] , , -, , , - ,
, , -, [] -, [
] [10]

(45 ): - 150, - 120, -- 120, - 150, -


- 110, - 150, - 150, - 150, - 150, -- 75, - 60,
- 75, - 120, - 75, - 1.5 [3, 2]

44 ,
,

45 -
- , -,
: [ ] , , -, -,
- , [ - ]
[] , [] [3]

: -

: C-- [3]

: -- 100, - [] 200, --- 10,


--- 200, - 1 [4], - 1 [3]

: - [ ]
[ ] -, -, -,
.., [ ]
[4], [3]

: ---

: - 30, - 30, - 18, - 10, - 10, - 30, - 20,


-- 20 [13]

: -,
[46] .. [13]

: ---

: -- 20, -- 50, - 50, - 30, - 40, - 37.5, -


50, - 60, -- 25, [] --- 37.5, -
-- 65, - 17.5, - 5 [17]

: [ ] - 47, [
] [6]

46 ,

47 , ,
108**
: ----

: - 010, - 010, - 020, --- 020, - 020, -


020, - 003, - 003 - 003 ,
008 [11, 17]

: []
[] [ " ] ", "" []
"" . ., [11];
[] , [ ], ,
[] .., [ , ]
[2];
[]

109.
: ---'

: ---, -

( ): --- --- [8, 9]

( ): - 350, -- 300, - 250, -- 150, -


150, - 400, - 550, - 350, - 200, - 150, - 90, -
150, - 100, - 100, - 30 [2]

: [ ] []
, ', [9]

110**.
: ---

: '---

: - 10, - [] -- 10, --- 10, ---


10, - 10, - 5, - 5,
-- 5, -- 5, - 5, - 5, - 1.2, - 5, - 5, -
5, -- 5, - 5, - 1, - 5, --- 5, -
5, -, { - - [6]}, 2.1, - 2.1,
-- 2.1, -[--] 5, [--]- 5, --- 5, - 2, -
5, --
-, - --- -,
- [11]

: [ ] , -
, , , -, ---, -, -
[] , [] [6]

111**.
: ---

: - 200, - 150 [10]

: [ ] , , , -
[] [10];
[]

112.
: ---

: -, ---

: -48, ,
200, - 150, - 80, - 40, - 130, -- 40, --- 40, -
30, - 60, - 80, - 100 [4]

: [ ]
, , [] ,
, , --,
- -, , ,
[] - [4, 9]

48 --- [ ]
, , [ ] -, .. ,
- [
] [], [ -
] ,
[5]
113.
: ---

: -, ---

: [] --- 40, -- 10, - 10, ---


10, - 10, - 10, -- 10, -- 10, -- 10, - 10,
- 10, -49 10 [1, 5, 17]

: - , [] -,
, - [] -, ,
-, , (?) - [] -, []
, .., [ ] ,
, - , [] [4]

114.
: ---50

: -

: --- --, -, -- -
- []

: [ ] , ,
[] [, ]
[8]

115.
: '-

: - 100, -- 450, - 250, - 100, -- 180, --


100, -- 200, - 300, -- 150 [3, 4, 16]

: [ ] - ,
, , , [ ] --
- , , ,

49 - [3]

50 , .. -
[]
.., [ ] ,
[4, 9]

116.
: --

: ---

: - 75, - 200, - 100, - 100, --- 80, --


- 50, - 75, - 90, - 40, - 35, -- 35, -- 80, --
100, - 70, - 80, -- 60, - 35, - 20, --
65, - 15 [17]

: , , , , ,
, .., [ ]
[] [] [4]; ,
, , [ ], ,
, ,
- [9]

117.
: -----

: -------, ---

( ): --- 20, --
- 200, -- 100, - 80 [4, 7]

( ): - 20, --- 60, - 30 [2]

: [ ] , ,
, -, , [,
] , .. [9]

118*.
: ---

: -

: ----- - [9]

: [ ] , , [
] , , , ,
, -, .., []
[9]

119**.
: ---

: - 5, --- 5, -
- - 5, - 5, -- 5, ----, .. -, -
-, 4, - 1 , .. -;
- 4, , --- [12, 6]

: [ ] , []
- [6];
[]

120.
: ---

: ---, -----

: - 40, - 80, - 30 { -
30 [3]}, - 20, --- 40, --- 50, -
--- 75, -- 80, -- 50, -- 70, - 25, -- 35, -
-- 30, -- 30, --- 30, -- 60, - 40,
-- 20, - 15, - 15, - 30, - 20, --
20, -- 20, --- 30, - 35,
- 35, - 20, -
-- 25, -- 30, -- 50,
- 20, - 30, --- 35 { -- 35 [3]}, ---
25, - 1.5, - 1, - 0.5 [4, 3]

: ,
[] , , -, - ,
, 51

51 , -, ,
, , ,
, ,
, , [
] [ ] ..,
[4, 9]

121.
: ---

( ): -- 180, - 20, -- 100, - 75, -


- 30, [ ] - 80, - 0.5 [4]

( ): -- 40, - 10, -- 20, 10, --


10, - 10, - 10 ; - -
- [] [], [] -
-, [ ] ---
[14]

: [ ] - ,
, [] -
, [ ] , []
.., [ ] -,
[4]

122.
: ---

: -- 100, - 150, - 45, -- 250, - 130, -


-- - 150, -- 150, - 2, - 0.8 [4]

: - , ,
, .., [ ]
, , [4]

123.
: -

: ---, -

( ): --- - [4]

: [] - ,
, - , [-] ,
, , ,
[ ] - .., [
] [4]

( ): -[-] 23, - 3, - 6, - 9, -
5, - 20, -, .. --, 9, -- 20, - 14, - 50, -
10, - 9, --- 6 { 6052 [11]} [1, 17, 11]

(53 ): -- 100, - 70, - 20, - 150, -


65, - 50, - 40, -- 70, -- 55, - 10, - 1,
- 55, - 55 [3, 16]

: [ -] , [] -,
[ ]; , [ ] [1,
11];
[]

124.
: ---

: - 130, -, ..
-, 50, - 70, - 70,
- 80, -- 100, - 100, --- 100, -- 250,
- 40, --- 75, --
- 35, -- 75 [4, 16]

: [] , [] ,
, .. - , ,
, ,
[ ] [4, 9]

125.
52

53 , , - -
: ---

: -----, -, ---

: -- 100, - 40, -- 50, -


100, - 50, - 80, -- 200, --- 50, - 45, - 100,
- 80, - 50, - 100, - 100, - 100, -- 100,
--- 100, --- 50, - 80,
- 40, - 40, - 50, --- 30, - 0.8 [4]

: [ ] ,
,
, , , [
] , , [
] .., [ ] ,
[4]

126.
: -'--

: - 50, - 5, - 10, -- 10, - 10, --- 80,


- 40, -- 5 [2]

: [ ], [, ]
54, ,
[2]

127.
: ---

: ---

: - 225, - 75, - 0.5 [3, 17]; ---55 100


[17] [4], -----
-- [17]

54 , ..

55
: , [] , ,
, .., [ ] [] ,
[4]

128*.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: [ ] [ ] [] ,
, .. [4]

129.
: ---

: ---

: - 20, - 15, - 5, - 10, - 15, - 10, --


- 15, - 15, --- 7.5 [17]

: ,
[ ] .. [8]

130.
: ---

: ---, -----, ---, -

: - 50, --- 50, --- 100, --- -


70, - 30, - 100, - 1, -- 40, - 40, - 30, - 40,
- 100, - 1, - 50, - 30, - 30, - 30, -56 200 [3, 4]

56 . ,
: , [ ]
[] , , , .. - [
] [- ] , ..,
- [4]

: ---

: - 20, - 20, - 10, - 10, - 10, - 10, -


10, - 10, - 5, - 5 [2]

: , , [ ] -
, [] [2, 3]

131.
: ---

: '-----

( ): - 50, - 50, - 50, - 50, - 50,


- 50, -- 50, -- { -- [6]}, .. - 50, - 50
- 50, -- 50
[2, 5]

( ): - 100, - 50, - 20, - 100, - 50,


--- 70, - 30, - 30, -- 40, - 10, -
10, - 10, - 50 - 30 [22]

: [ ] , [2]; [
] , ,
.., [] [9]

132.
: ''---

: ''-, ---, -

: - 80, - 20, - 20, - 20, - 20, - 20, -


20, 20, - 20, - 20, - 30, - 30, - 30, - 30,
- 30, - 30, - 30, - 30, - 30, - 30, -- 30, -
- 30, - 5 [1, 3]

: - [] [], []
, .., ,
[ ], ,
, 57, , [, ]
.., [] [4]

133.
: '---

: ---

: -- 150, - 75 --- 20, -- 100, --


75, - 50, -- 40 [3, 17]

: , [] , [] ,
, , , ; [ ]
[-] [-],
[-] [4]

134.
: '-

: -----

: - 100, --- 80, --- 80, - 150, []


- 50, - 50, - 40, - 50, - 40, - 40, -
80 - 80 [ ] , []
[]
[ ] 200, - 100, - 100, --- 150, --
- 150, - 200, --- 100, -- 100, - 80
, [] -, --- [58]
, [] , [4]

: [ ] , [] , ,
[] , - -, ..,

57 . - ,

58 - --- , 100 [1,


17]
[ ] , [] -
- [4]

135.
: '---

: -- 150, -- 100, -- 120 [3, 4]

: - , ..,
[ ] -
59 [4]

136.
: '---

: '---

: - 35, {[ 60 ] - 35 [4]
- 35 [2]}, -- 100, - 40, - 45, --
80, - 85, - 150, -- 30 [4]

: [ ] --- , ,
, (?), .., [ ]
[ ] , [] [] ,
, , [] - [4, 9]

137.
: ---

: - 150, -- 250, - 120, - 50 [2, 4]

59

60
: , , [ ],
, , , --, ---,
[ ], [ - ] ..,
[ ] [4, 9]

138.
: ---

: -, ---

: --- 500, --- 40, --- 80, - 50, --


100, - 20, - 20, - 50, - 40, - 20, -- 20, -- 80,
- 60, -- 30, -- 40, - 40, ---- 80, --
80, - 40, - 50, -- 50, - 80, - 1, - 0.5 [4]

: , [] , []
, .. , - -
, , , [] , [] ..,
[ ] -
[4, 9]

: ---

: --- (?)

: ----- 25, - 12.5, --- 12, --- 12,


- 9, - 4, --- 4, --- 7.5 [17]

: , - -
(?)

139.
: ---

: - 20, - 40, - 100, -- 30, - 50, --- 100,


- 40, --- 50, -- 100, - 80, - 40, - 100, -
50, -- 40, - 80, - 30 { -- 30 [3]}, --- 80, -
90, --- 100, --- 40, --- 20 { [--]- 100
[2]}, - 80, - 130, - 1, - 1 [16]
: [], []
, , , /
[] , ,
, , [] , , ,
,
- [16]; [ ]
, , ,
,
, , , ,
[] - [9]

140**.
: -----

: -, -, -, -, -, --, -
[13]

: [ ] [13];
[]

141**.
: -----

: - 100, -61 50, -- 10, -- 40, -- 70, -


30, - 60, - 50, - 30, - 30, - 70 [2]

: , ,
[], [2];

142.
: ---

61 -, -
: - 150, - 80, -- 85, -- 40, - 0.4 [4, 16]

: , [] , []
- ,
[] , , [ ]
.., [ ] [ ]
[] -, [] [4]

143**.
: --

: - 20, - 20, -- 20, - 20, - 20, - 20, - 50,


50, - 12, - 50, -- 15, -- 15, - 20, -
20, - 4, - 5, - 12, - 20, - 5, - 8, -- 5, --
15, - 1, - 9, - 20, - 20, - 20, - 10, - 10,
---62 10, - 10, -- 20, -- 20, -- 10, - 15, -
-- 15, - 5, - 10, - 10, --- 5, - 15, -
20, - 10, -- 10, -- 20, - 5, -- 5, -- 6, -
8, - 20, - 15 []

: [ ] []

: ---

: - 12, 12 - 12 [16]

: [ ]
, , , , , , ,
[] [16]

144**.
: ---

: - 60, - 30, -, -, -, - - 20, - 2, -


, - - 10 [14]

: [ ] -, --, [--]- ..,


[10];
- --- ---,
- []
62 --
145**.
: ---

: -----

: -- 21, - 32, - 32, - 12, - 38, - 38,


- 22, - 9, - 16, -- 19, - 11,
- 74, - 74 [20]

: [ ] [] ,
[] --- [4, 11];
,
[]

146.
: ---

( ): --- 20, - 10, - 10, - 10, -


10, - 10, -- 10, --- 10 [1, 16]

: [ ] [ ]
[16]

( ): --- 2, - 3, -- 2, - 1.9, --
1, -- 2, - 2, - 2 [4]

: , [ ] ,
, , , [
] [ ] [4]

147.
: ---

: -----
: --- 120, - 70, - 80, - 20, - 15, - 15, -
- 15, -- 100, - 60, - 50, -- 70, - 70, 80, -
100, - 70, --- 70, -- 70, - 1 [3, 16]

: [ ] [ ],
[] , []
[ ], , , ,
, , -, ,
, , - ,
.., [ ]
[4]

148.
: ---

: --- 100, - 250, - 150, - 150, - 150, --


150, - 150, - 1 [3]

: , , , ,
, - , ,
[] , , .., [
] [] [4]

149*.
: -

: --- - [9]

: [ ] ,
- ,
, , [] ..,
[ ] , [4]

150.
: ---
( ): - 250, - 10, - 150, --- 100, -
150, -- 150, --- 30, - 90, - 30, - 150, - 200
[2]

( ): - 50, - 5, - 30, - 50, - 50, -


-- 50, - 30, -- 30, - 10, - 10, - 30, - 2, -
- 20, --- 50 [22]

: [ ] , [-]
, [] , , , [ ] -,
- [] - [2]

( ): -- - [17]

: - [17]

151.
: ---

(63 ): --- 75, - 100, - 70, - 70, -


70, -- 70, - 70, -- 130, -- 80, -- 100, - 70, -
100, -- 150, - 50, -- 70, --- 70, -
150, --- 50, --- 70, - 120, --- 70, -
-- 70, - 80, -- 60, - 20
--- 100 [17]

(64 ): - 50, - 30, --- 30, - 30, --


30, - 30, - 40, - 25, -- 20, -- 20, -- 20, 30,
30, - 30, - 50, - 30, - 30, -- 30, - 25,
- 30, - 30, - 30, --- 10, --- 20, ---
15, 30 [14]

: , ,
- , ,
- .., [ ]
- [4]; [ ] , ,
[ ], [ ] ,
, [ ] , [
] , [ ],
, , [] - .. [9]

63 [1, 11] --- -


--

64 [1, 11] --
-- , - 26
152.
: -

: -, .. -, 150, - 100, - 50, - 130, -


80, - 75, - 50, - 70, - 70, - 80, - 0.7
[ ],
[4]

: [ ] ,
, [
] ,
.., [4]

153**.
: -----

: -- 30, -- 30, --- 30, --


- 30, - 40, - 30 [7]

: [] , ,
, , [, ] 65,
[] [7]

154**.
: ---

: - 10, - 15, - 10, -- 3, -66 5, - 15,


- 15, - 5, - 10, - 10, - 10, - 10, - 3, -
10, - 10, -- 10, - 10, - 10 [6]

: , , [ ]
, , [2]

65 ,

66
- - [11]
155**.
: ---

: -, {.. -}, 20, - 100, - 10 { 67


- - [5]} [ ],
[ ] -, [
] - 50, - 50, - 10 [2]

: [ ] -, , - [ ]
[2]

156.
: ---

: ---

( ): [ ] -- -- 5, - 5,
-- 10 [2]

( ): [ ] --, - -- [13]

: [] [2]; [ ]
, [], ,
[ ], , ,
[8]

157**.
: ---

: -- 200, - 200, -- 100, - 100, - 100, -


- 100 [3, 6]

67 .. , -,
: [ 68] [] , -,
.. [3]; [ ] [] ,
[] [ ] [6]

158.
: ---

( ): - 35, - 60, - 95, - 120, ---


150, - 180 [3, 4, 17]

( ): - 13, - 26, --- 39, - 18, -


14, - 19 [20]

: , [] , - -
, , , .., [ ]
--, [4]

159.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: , ,
, [- ] - , ..,
[ ] - [-]
[4]

160.
: -

: - 35, - 60, - 95, - 270, --- 150,


- 180 [4]

68 , -, , 77
: [ ] , , , ,
, , ..,
[4, 9]

161*.
: -

: --- --- [4]

: ,
, .., [ ]
[- ] [- ] [4, 9]

162.
: -

: -

: --- --- [4]

: , , ,
, , ,
[ ] -, [-]
-, , .., [
] [] [ ]
[4, 9]

163.
: -

: -

( ): --- --- [4]


: , , , ,
[ ], , - [- ] ,
, [] [], .., [
] , -- [] [- ] [4]

( ): - 10, - 20, - 30, - 40, - 50, -


60, - 33, - 14, - 37, - 103, - 50 [3]

: - [3]

164.
: ---

: ---

: - 60, - 80, - 150, - 180, --- 200,


- 250, -- 75, - 50, - 35, - 50,
-- 100 [4, 16]

: , --, [ ], ,
[- -] , , , ,
- [ ], ,
[ ], [ ] , []
[] [4, 9];
[]

165**.
: --

( ): [] -69 30, - 20, - 20, --


20, --- 20, -- 20 -- 30 [22]

( ): -, -, -, -, - --
70 [13]

: [ ] [13]

( 71): --- 30, - 30, - 30, ---


20, -- 40 [7]

69 - [22]

70 , - - . -
--
: , , -
- ,
- , .. [,
] [7]

( ): [ ] -- 50, -- 20,
-- 30, -- 20 -- 10 ,
[] --- 30 - 30 [ ]
[22]

166.
: ---

: ---

(72 ): -, -, --, -, -, -, -
--, -, (?) -
[] , [ ] [5]

( ): - 50, --- 20, - 30, - 50, - 5,


--- 20, --- 15, - 15 [17]

: , [ ], [ ,
] , , [ ], -, -,
-, -, ,
[] - [5, 9]

167.
: ----

: -, ---

: - 250, --- 300, - 150, ----


150, - 150, - 100, -- 80 [4, 17]

: [ ] , ,
, , ,
-, , ,
71 --

72
, , [] ..,
, [4, 9];
, .. []

168.
: ---

: ----, -

73: --- 652, - 28, - 10, - 20, - 10, -- 10,


- 10, - 10, 40, --- 8, --- 14, - 4, -
20, -- 30, - 8, - 28, - 24, -- 12, - 20, --
20, - 100, -- 6, - 36, - 12, - 68, -- 18,
- 68, - 20, - 28, - 46, --- 46, - 88 -
82, , -, {.. -74
[11]}, 8, - 22, - 36, - 48, --- 24 [1]

( , ---75, --- -
): --- 300, - 30, - 50, - 20, -- 20, - 20, -
20, - 100, -- 80, --- 25, --- 40, - 50, --
30, - 80, -- 25, - 26, -- 20, - 50, - 20, --
80, - 150, - 50, - 40, - 40, --
40, --- 50, ---- 50, -- 70, - 75, -
75, - 20, --- 25, - 2, - 1, -
1 [4]

: , , []
- ,
, , [] , --, -, ,
- , , , , ..,
[ ] ---
[4, 9]

169.
: ---

73 [5, 11] - -

74 - [6]

75
[6]
: - 100, - 80, - 70 [3, 6]

: , , , []
.., [ ]
[4]

170.
: '---

: '---

: -- 100, - 70, - 40, --- 35, - 20,


- 20, - 100, - 80, - 50, [] - 50, --
- 70, - --- 50, - 20, - 50, -
50, - 80, --- 80, -- 70, - 50, - 100, -
80, - 40, - 35, -- 100,
--- 20, --- 50 { --76 2077 [3]},
- 1.5, - 75 [4]

: [ ]
, , [ ] (?),

, , , ,
, , , ,
- , , ,
.., [ ]
[4]; ,

171.
: ---

: - 15, - 12.5, - 25, - 25 [3, 17]

: [ ] [] -, [
] [6]; [ ] -
, , ,

76 Lucium chinense Mill. / / [15]

77
, [ -] -
.. [9]

172.
: ---

: ---, ---

( ): - 70, - 20, - 20, -- 20, -- 20,


20, - 20, - 20, -- 20, - 34, -- 14, - 14,
- 14 [1]

( ): - 100, - 80, - 85, -- 80, - 65, -


- 65, -- 70, - 55, - 60, 70, - 65, - -
15, -- 55 [2]

( ): - 100, - 120, - 100, -- 100, --


120, -- 80, --- 80, - 50, -- 70, - 40, -
- 50, - 80, - 100 [4]

: - ,
[] , , ,
-- , ,
, ,
[ ] - ..,
[ ] - [ -] [4];
[]

173.
: -

: --- ---78 [8]

: [ ] -
, []
, , -
, ,
, -
, , []
[ ] [8, 9]

78 , , , -
174.
: -

: ---

: --- - [4]

: - [ ],
-, - - ,
[ ] .., [
] - - [4];
[ ] -, [] , -,
- - - [] [8]

175.
: ---

( ): - - [9]

: [ ] ,
, - -, [ - ]
, - , ,
.. [9]

( ): - 120, - 100, - 75, -- 70, - 30, -


35, -- 80, - 55, - 50, 50, - 55, - -
50, -- 45, - 100, - 80, - 50, - 30, - 8, ---
15 [2]

: [ ] -, [] , -,
- - - [ - ] [2]

176.
: -

: --- ---- []
: - , []

177.
: -------

: -----, -, ---

( ): - 4000, - 1000, - 400, -


500, - 300, - 300, - 300, - 300, - 300, -
300, -, [.. --, ---, -, -,
-, ---, - -], 240, --- 280,
- 310, - 920, - 50, - 300,
50, - 450, 840, -
50, - 50, 50, -- 80,
- 50, --- 50, 50,
- 80, - 80, - 200,
-- 100, --- 100, -
-- 100, - 100, --- 500,
100, - 100, - 100, - 100, -
100, - 100, - 600, - 600, -- 600, - 600, - 600, -
20, - 30, - 250, - 50, - 700, - 700, -
700, - 700, - 700, - 700, --- 700, --- 700, -
-- 700, - 700, --, , 700, -
700, -- 700, -- 700, --- 700, -- 700, -
-- 700, -- 700, --- 700, --- 700, --
500, - 700, --- 700, --- 100, -
800, --- 10, ------ 800
, [] ----- 800,
------ 20, -- 10,
-- 10, --- 10, - 50, ---
---, , 300,
-, [] , 240, -
100, - 700, --- 700, --- 700, -
50, - 1000, - 700, --- 500, --- 500, -- 500,
-- 500, 500, ---- 500, - 500, - 500, -
500, ---- 500, -- 500, - 500, - 250, - 250, -
500, - 500, - 500, -- 500, - 500, - 500,
------ - 5, - 75, ---
75, -- 75, --- 400, - 800, - 16, --- 16, --- 16,
-- 16, - 400, - 40, - 40, - 800, - 800, - 40,
- 40, - 40, -- 500, - 400, - 400, - 400,
- 400, - 400, - 200, - 200, 240, - 480, - 800, -
800, - 160, - 10, --- 50,
- 50, - 50, --
- 10, - 200, --- 200 [2]

( ): - 600, - 90, - 90, - 120,


- 120, - 90, - 90, - 90, - 90, - 150,
--- 450, - 150, - 240, - 240, 210, - 60, -
- 30, - 120, 60, - 180, 120, - 300, --- 180,
- 180, -- 180, - 120, --- 180, ---
180, - 20, - 300, - 240, - 90, - 300, --
600, - 600, - 180, - 180, - 254, -- 180, - 150,
- 150, --- 300, --- 150, - 240, --- 240, -
-- 240, -- 900, -- 90, -- 90, -----
150, --- 120, - 240, - 210, - 210, ---
240, --- 240, -- 180, --- 240, --- 240, --
240, --- 180, --- 600, - 600, - 900, -
900, - 600, - 240, - 180, - 180, -
240, - 240, - 300, -- 240, --- 180, - 480, -
180, - 300, -- 120, - 120, - 120, - 120, -
- 300, - 300, - 300, -- 300, - 480, -
300, --- 210, -- 300, - 240, - 300, - 300, --
- 300, -- 480, --- 240, -- 180, -
- 300, --- 300, --- 300, 300, --- 300,
--- 300, - 300, - 300, --- 240,
-- 300, - 300, --- 300, -- 180, --- 900,
- 50, - 480, - 300, - 240, - 240, -
3000, - 180, -- 90, - 200, - 180, -- 60, -
- 480, -- 300, -- 900, -- 600, --
900, --- 300, - 90, - 300, - 30, -
45, - 40, 200, - 100 [3]

: [ ] , [ ] [- ] ,
[] , [ ] -,
, -, -, [] [-], , ,
, , ,
, , [] , ,
, [] , 79,
, , - .., [.. ] ,
, [] , , , -,
; , [ ]
, [;
] - , ,
, ; [
] ..,
[ ] ----- [2,
3, 6]; [ ] , ,
- - - [ ] , ,
[ ] ,
, , 80 [
] , [] , - -,
[], , ,
, , [] , , ,
[ ] , , , [ ]
, , ,
.., .. -, [9]

79

80 -,
: [] [] [ ]
--- ,
, , [ , ]
[], [] ,
-;
[ , ]
, , [] ,
[, ] , [ ] , [
] - [ ] , [ ]
, -, .. [ ]
[] [-], -, - -
[] -, [ ]
[ ] ,
[] - ..; [ ]
81; [ ]
[ ] [ ]
, ,
[] , 82, [ ] ,
; [ ]
[]
- -83,
-, , --- ;
, , ,
, ,
---,
[] [] - [ ]
; , []
, , , [
, ] , [], ,
, , , , , , ,
; [ ]
, , ..
[ ] ,
, [
, ] .
[, ] - --, -, -
.., [] [3, 6]

178.
: ---

81
, ,

82
,

83 ,

: - 26, - 15, - 20, -- 15, - 5, - 5, --
- 20, - 15, - 15 [2]

: [ ] , ,
, .., [, ]
[- ] , , [--] [--]- [2, 9]

179.
: -----

: -----, ---, ---, --


-----

: --- 200, --
100, -- 100, -- 70, - 120, --
150, - 300, - 100 { --- 30 [16]}, - 50,
- 40, - 40, -- 40, -- 80, --- 100, - 80, --
50, -- 100, - 80, - 80, - 100, ---- 100,
- 70, - 80, --- 70, - 50, - 70, ---
150, - 50, -- 40 { --- 20 [16]},
- 50, - 50, -- 30, - 50, - 40,
- 70, - 50, - 100, - 50, - 30, - 1.5, -
1.5, - 100, --- - 70 [3, 16]

: ----- [
] -, ,
, , [] , -
-, --, --- .., [ ]
, , [ ]
[] ,
[, ] ; ,
, [ ] []
[, ] , -, -, ,
, [] [] --- [3, 16]

180.
: -----

: ---
( ): - 150, - 35, - 23, - 75, - 12, -
60, - 100, - 60, - 100, - 50, - 50, - 50, -
60, - 60, -- 60, - 60, -, {.. - [2, 6]}, 60, - 60,
- 100, - { [2]}30, - 60, - 60, -
100, - 100, --- 100 [1, 16]

( ): - 120, - 83, - 120, - 72, ---


180, - ( - -) 42, --- 27, - 50, - 27,
- 120, - 18, - 100, - 52, -- 72, - 60, -
70, - 70, - ( -) 100, --- 120, - 70, -
70, - 82, - 52, - 85, - 120, [
] - 50, [ ] ----
--- 50, - 50, --- 65, - 40, --
60 [6]

: [ ] [] , -
, , [ ],
, , [ ] ,
[] - [6]; [ ]
, , ,
, , ,
,
(?), , , , -,
[] -, , , , .. [9]

181.
: -----

: -

: - 500, - 4000, -- 300, -- 300, -


300, -- 250, - 300, - 500, - 800, - 300, - 450, -
300, - 300, - 300, --- 400, - 250, -
250, - 250, - 350, - 400, --- 400, --- 400,
- 400, --- 400, -- 500, --- 300, - 450, -
350, --- 400, -- 350, - 400,
- 350, - 350, -- 500,
350, - 350, - 300, - 100, - 200, -- 100,
- 400, - 30, - 40, --- 350, - 50 [2]

: [ ] [] ,
, , , , 84,
.., [.. ] ; [ ]
, ---, , , , [-],
, , .. ,
[; ] [ ] - [3, 4];
[ ] ,
85
-, [] ,
84 ,
- - - ,
, , , -
, .. ,
, , , ,
, , []
[ ] , ,
, , ,
, , .. [9]

182.
: -----

: -------, ---, -, -, -
--

( ): - 150, --- 320, - 4, - 5, -


5, -- 5, - 5, - 10, - 5, 25, --- 4, --
- 4, - 2, --- 1, -- 10, - 4, - 14, -
- 18, -- 6, - 20, - 10, - 70, -- 3, - 28, -
12, --- 124, -- 9, - 14, - 4, -
4, -, .. -, 53, - 44, -- 10, - 8, - 10, ---
10 [6]

( ): --- 400, -- 30, - 10 [


] --- 35, - 27, - 25, - 25, -- 25, --
35, --- 40, --- 50, -- 85, - 80, - 75, -
-- 35, - 80, - 35, - 75, - 75, - -
50, - 70, -- 55, - 55, 70, --- 70, -
- 50, - 50, - 45, - 40, - 150,
- 35, -- 70, - 60, - 60, - 50, - 750, -
500 [2]

: [ ] -,
[ ], , , , , -
, , [ ] ,
[-] -,
[] , , ,
[], , [ ] ,
-, -, , ..,
, , , []
, , [ ], -, []
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, , -

85
[], -
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,
,
, , ,
, []
- , ,
, , , , -
, , ..,
, ,
, , , -
[] , , ,
, ,
, .. [9]

183.
: -----

: -

: - 400, - 10, - 10, - 100, - 200, -


200, - 200, - 200, --- 10, ---, [..
-, -, -, -, -, -- ---
], 400, --- 100, -- 500, - 600, ---
600, --- 600, - 500, - 500, - 500, - 500, - 500, -
- 500, --- 500, -- 500, -- 500, - 500, ---
500, -- 500, --- 500, --- 500, - 500, ---
25, -- 100, -- 100, --- 25, - 500, -- 25,
- 10, - 100, - [ ] - 1, -- 25, -
- 25, -- 25, - 25, - 25, - 25 [6]

: [ ] , -, , -, ,
- , , [-] ,
[6, 9]

184.
: -----

: ---

( ): 40, - 10, - 10, - 10, - 20,


- 30, - 10, - 10, --- 10, --- 10, --
10, -- 10, - 20, - 10, 20, - 30, - 10, - 10, -
20, - 10, - 10, - 10, -- 10, - 1, - 10 [3]

( ): 50, - 10, - 40, --- 20, - 50,


- 80, - 50, - 300, -- 40, --- 40,
--- 50, -- 50, -- 50, - 60, - 40, -- 35, -
35, - 25, - 20, - 45, 50, --- 50, --- 20, -
10, - [] 12, [ ] ---
25, - 5 [16]

: [ ] , [3]; [
]
, [] ,
,
, , [ ], ,
, , , ,
- , ..
[ ] , ,
[] , ,
, ,
,
[] .., ,
,
[9]

185.
: ----'

: --', ---

: - 80, - 64, -- 30, - 10, - 24, -- 7.5,


- 16, 7.5, - 40, 36, - 16, 16, - 5, -
5, - 16, - 9, - 32, - 30, - 22, - 10,
--- 20, --- 49, --- 20, - 40, --
64, - 230, - 40, - 36, - 36, -- 64, --- 40, --
- 40, -- 40, - 40, - 120, - 80, - 96, - 96, --
- 64, --- 80, - 64, --- 48, --- 48, -
44, - 120, - 48, - 52, - 40, - 64, ---
80, --- 80, --- 48, --- 80, - 64, --
86, -- 20, - 40, -- 500, --
60, - 20, - 50, - 25, - 2, - 4, -
15 [3]

: [] , , ,
, [, , ]
.. - [ ] [] , []

86 [3]
[] .. , ..
, [, ] , [ ]
, []
, [.. ], , , -,
[] , , ,
, , [] ..,
, ,
[] ,
, , [] ..,
, [] ,
[,
] , [ ], , [ ]
[] ,
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[3]; [ ]
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, , , (?) [ ], ,
[] - ,
, ,
, , ,
, , ,
(?), , , []
, 87,
, , []
[] , , , ,
.. [9]

186.
: ---

: -, ---, -

: --- 100, --- 200, -- 150, --- 100 {


[-]-[-88] 10089 [3]}, -- 80, --- 100, - 100,
- 80 [4, 3]

: [] [- ] , ,
, , , ,
- ,
, [ ] ,
[ ] , , ..,
[ ] [- ] [- ]
[4, 9]

87 White Blood Carpuscles

88 - ---

89 [3]
187.
: ---

: 690

: - 100, -- 250, - 200, -- 180, - 40, -- 50


[4, 6]

: , , [] , --, -
, - -, , ..,
[ ] - -,
[4, 9]

188*.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: - , ,
-- , , ,
.., [ ] - - -
[ ] [4, 9]

189**.
: -----

: [ ] -, -, -, --, -, -, -, -
[14]

: [ ] [14]

90
190.
: ---

: - 50, - 200, - 100, - 200, - 100 {


- 10091 [3]}, -- 300 [4, 6]

: [ ] , , ,
.., [] , ,
[4]

191*.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: , ,
, , .., [ ]
[4]

192*.
: -

: --- - [4]

: [ ] , []
.., [ ] [ ]
[4]

91
193.
: ---

: ---

: - 10, - 40, --- 40, - 20, -- 60, -


20, - 40, - 10, - 30, - 20, - 30 [6]

: [] ---, [ ] []
, [6]; [ ] ,
, , []
- - , [- ] , .
[9]; []

194**.
: ---

: - 100, -92 50*, - 60, - 30, - 20, - 100,


- 30, - 50*, -- 30, --- 100, - 50*, - 20,
- 90, --- 80, --- 70, - 60, - 60, -- 60,
-- 50*, - 50*, - 30, - 10, -- 50*, - 90, -
50*, - 50*, - 50*, - 80, - 90, - 50*, -- 50, -
40, - 90, - 50, --- 90 [13]

: [ ] , ,
, -, , -, -, ,
93; , []
[], []
[13]

195.
: ---

92 , ,
50, 20

93 -,
: -----, ---

: - 20, - --- 150,


- 200, - 100, - 40, - 45, - 100, --- 50, -
150 [4]

: - [- ] ,
, , [ ] ,
, , .., [ ] []
- [4, 9]

196.
: ---

: - 150, - 100, - 150, - 70, --- 150, --


- 60, - 30 [2, 4]

: [] - [] ,
, , .., [ ]
94 [4]

197**.
: ---

: -, --, ---

: - 15, - 5, - 6, - 2, - 2, -- 5, - 0.8, -
8, -- 5, - 6, - 5, - 10, - 10, - 10, -
-- 13, -- 8, -- 10, - 10, - 5, - 0.1, -
0.1 [16]

: [ ] -, , , ,
[ - ] , , ,
, , -,
[16, 3]; , , [], ,
, , , ,
, , -, ..,
[ ] ,
- [4]

94 . - .

: -----

( ): - 15, - 20, - 15, -- 13.5, - 10, -


31, -- 32.5, - 10, - 21, --- 5, - 10, - 8.5, --
10 [3]

( ): - 30, -- 20, -- 20, -- 20, - 21,


- 20, -- 20, - 11, - 20, --- 20, - 20, - 20, --
21 [13]

: [ ], , ,
[]

198.
: ---

: - 9, - 3 {95 - 3 [3, 17], -- 3


[16] - 3 [6]}, - 3, - 3, - 3, - 3, -- 3, --
3, - 3, --- 3, - 5, - 3, - 3, -- 3, - 3, -
3, - 3, - 3 {96 - 3 [3], - 3 [17]
- 3 [6, 16]}, - 3, - 3, - 3, - 3, - 3, -
3, - 3 [4]

: [ ] , , ,
,
, [ ] [4]

199.
: ---

: - 10, - 8, -- 5, - 4, -
7, [] 8 [3, 4]

: , [] -- ---
, , [ ]
.., .. [ ] [4]

95

96
200**.
: -----

: ---, -, ---

: - { - [17]} 50, - 200, - 100, - 100, - 40, -


35, - 80, - 50, -- 50, -- 80, - 50,
- 130, - 0.8 [4]

: , []
, , ,
, .., [ ]
- - [4]

201.
: -----

: -, ---, ---, ---

( ): - 152, - 152, - 30, - 50, - 9, -


22, - 21, - 16, - 24, 44, 15, --- 12, -
16, - 15, 46, - 25, --- 35 [1, 11, 17]

( ): - 180, --- 180, - 100,


- 100, - 100, - 25, -
--, , 40, -,
, 80, - 70, ---
30, - 25, -97 80, --- 20,
--- 20, - 70, - 100, - 1,
- 1 [4]

: ,
[] ,
,
[], .., [ ]
[- -] , [4, 9]

97
202.
: ---

: - 50, - 100, - 40, -- 50, -


80, --- 150, - 100, - 80, -,
, 70, - 0.4, - 50 [4]

: , ,
[ ],
.., [ ] ,
[ ] [4]

203*.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: -, - , ,
, [] .., [ ]
[4]

204**.
: ---

( ): - 50, - 50, - 50, - 50, - 50, -


50, - 300 [2, 11]

( ): - 50, - 50, - 30, - 50, - 30, -


50, - 30 [22]

: [ ] [] [ ]
[2]
205.
: ---

: - 80, - 30, -- 40, - 10, - 60, - 15,


- 80, - 60, - 50, - 50, - 50, - 70, - 60,
- 60, - 50, - 50, - 70, - 80, - 10 [2]

: [ ] ,
, , ,
[ ] -
, [] , ,
, - -, ,
, , - [2, 9]

206**.
: ---

: - 100, - 80, - 80, -- 80, 80, - 50, - 40,


-- 40, - 40, - 40, - 40, -- 50, 10, - 10, -
-- 10, - 20, - 20, - 20, -- 20, - 50,
-- 30, -- 30, - 30, - 20, - 20, - 30, --
50, - 10, - 10, - 30, -- 30, - 30, -- 10, -
- 20, - 10, -- 10, - 10, - 20, ---
50, -- 30, - 10, - 50, - 50, - 40, - 40, -
20, - 20, - 20, - 30, - 40, - 40 [10]

: , ,
, , [ ]
- -, , , []
-, , , ,
-, , , , , , [, ]
[] , , ,
, [ ] , [ ] , [, ] -
-, ,
[] , , , , [ ]
, [] , ,
, -, -, [] ,
, ,
, [] [10]

207.
: -----

: -'--, -, ---, ---

: - 200, - 50, - 20, -- 30, - 80, - 40,


- 50, - 60, - 40, ---- 40, -- 30,
--- 40, -- 100, ---- 70, -
50, --- 70 [4, 6, 17]

: , [], ,
- , , , -
, , , , ,
.., [ ] [4, 9]

208**.
: ---

: ---

: - 10, - 20, - 30, -- 40, 50, - 60, - 70, -


80, - 90 [10, 13]

: [ ] [ ]
, [ ] [- ] .., -
, , [ ]
[10]

209.
: -'--

: - 250, - 80, - 40, -- 50, - 80 [3, 4]

: [] ,
, ..,
[] , , ,
[ ] , [ ]
, , , ,
.., [ ] []
[4]
210.
: -'--'

: -' 150, - 50, - 30, -- 40, - 100,


--- 120 [4, 17]

: [] , , [
], , , ,
- , , [, ] 98 ,
.., [ ] [ ]
- [-] [4, 9]

211.
: -'---'-

: --'-, -', -'--'

( ): - 20, - 20, - 20, --- 20, -


20, -- 20, - 20, --- 20; , - ,
, - [4]

( ): - 40, - 5, - 20, --- 5, - 5,


-- 10, - 15, --- 15 [3, 17]

: [ ], --, [-] [-], ,


.., [ ] --- [4]; [
] -, -
-- , ,
, - , --
- , , ,
[ ] , , , ---
, , - .. [9]

212.
: ---

(99 ): -- 50, -- 100, --


100, -- 150, --- 80, - 70, --- 80, --
98 (?)
- 40, --- 80, -- 50, -- 80, - 70, - 80, ---
50, --- 50, - 50, --- 50, --- 50, --- 40,
- 70, - 0.7, - 0.5 [4]

( ): - 50, -- 7, -- 7, -- 10, - 10,


- [] 5, - 5, - 70, --- 30, --- 6, -
-- 10, -- 10, -- 10, - 7, - 7, --- 5, ---
5, - 10 - 10, --- 10, --- 10, - 20
-
-, -
- [11]

: [] ,
, , , - [] -
, , [ -] , .., [ ]
, , - [4]

213.
: ---

( ): - 100, - 100, -- 125, -- 100, -


40, - 40, - 50, - 25, - 30, - 50, --- 50, --
- 30, - 100, -- 30, - 15, -- 50, - 40, -
1, - 50, - 50, -- 15, { 100 - [6]}, -
25, - 40, { - [6]}, -[--] 50,
--- 30 [3]

: , -101, [
(?)] , [] - -, [
] 102 - [] [3]

( ): -- 50, - 100, -- 80, -


- 100, - 50, - 50, - 60, - 50, -, ,
60, - 45, --- 40, --- 40, --- 35, --- 30,
--- 50, - 70, -- 35, - 40, --- 20, -
- 30, -- 30, - 50, - 30, - 70, - 1 [4]

: , ,
, , ..,

99 , [1, 2]

100 - - []

101

102
[ ] -
[4]

214.
: ---

: -, ---

: --- 100, - 80, - 30, - 25, - 10, - 50,


-- 40, - 40, -- 30, --- 35, --
15, - 30, -- 15, --- 15, -
-- 50 [3, 4, 17]

: [ ] []
[] [] , , ,
, , , , ,
, .., [ ]
[4]

215.
: ---

: -

: - 5, - 10, -- 80, - 50, - 50, -- 50, -


50 [2]

:
, , [] ,
, .. [2]

216.
: ---

: --- 40, -- 35, - 20, - 20 [4, 3]


: , [] ,
- , [] ..,
[ ] []
[ ] [4]

217.
: -'--

: ---

: - 50, - 22.5, -- 40, - 75, -


25, - 40, -- 125, --- 30, - 25, - 50 {
- [6]}, - 50 [3, 17] - [11]

: [] [] , ,
, , , ,
103, , .., [ ]
[] , , [ ] [4, 9]

218**.
: -'--

: - 80, --, --, -, -, -, -, -, -


--- 40, - 50, - 40, - 40, - 50, - 40, --
50, - 40, - 50, - 50 [14]

: [ ] , [] , [ ]
, , [] [- ] ,
- , ,
[ ] ,
[14]

219.
103 ..,
: ---

: ---, ---

: -, , 100, -- 100, -- 70, -- 80,


- 50 [4, 6]

: - , ,
[] ,
[ ], ,
.., [ ] []
[4]

220.
: ----104

: -- 24, - 12, --- 12, - 12, - 3, - 1, -


-- 6, -105 10, - 10 [2]

: [ ] [ -]
[8];
[]

221.
: -----

: ---

: --- 50, - 20, - 20, - 20, -- 25, --


25, -- 25, -- 25, - 25, - 25 { -- 25 [3]}, -
15, - 25, - 40, -- 50, { ---
[3] --- [6]}, -- 100 [1, 17]

: [ ] ,
, , .. [4]

104 39 - [11]

105 - [11, 19],


- [19]
222.
: ---

: -- 150, --- 40, - 100, - 120, -- 50 [4,


17]

: , ,
, , [ ], , (?),
,
, [ ] , [
] , - [] - [4]

223*.
: -

: -

: --- - [4]

: [] ,
, , - .., [
] [4]

224*.
: -

: --- --- [4]

: , , ,
.., [ ] [] [- ]
[] -, [4, 9]

225.
: ---

: -- 150, - 100, - 80, --


50, - 75, --- 40, -- 80, -- 70, ---
200, - 40, - 0.5 [4, 6]

: , [- ] [- ] ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , - ,
- , ,
-, ---, - .., [ ]
[4]

226.
: -'--

: -----, -'--

( ): - 50, - 70, -, .. - 50, -


80, - 50, - 50, -- 50, - 50 [2]

: , ,
--- -, [ ]
[2]

( ): - 100, - 50, - 30, - 50, - 30,


- 30, -- 30, - 50, --- 30 - 30 [22]

: [ ] [22]

227.
: ---

: -, ---

: -'-- - [8, 9]

: , ,
, , ..,
.., [ ]
[ ] , ,
- , - - ,
- [8]

228.
: -'--

: -, ---

( ): - 2, - 7, - 7, - 12, - 7, -- 2,
--- 6, --- 80, - 6, - 6, - 10, - 20, - 10,
-- 7, -- 7, -- 10, --- 7, --- 7, -- 7, -
106 7, - 5, - 8, --- 8, --- 8, - 4, - 4,
- 8, --- 8, - 7, - 7 [1, 6, 11]

( ): - 80 { - 80 [4]}, - 100, -
100, - 40, - 40, - 40, -- 30, --- 80, ---
350, - 100, -- 150, -- 100, -- 130, --- 40, --- 40,
-- 50, - 80, - 50, - 60, --- 60, ---
50, - 70, - 80, -- 45, - 30, - 50, ---
50, - 40 { - 40 [4], -- 40 [3]}, -
15, - 14.8 [17]

: [ ] -107 , ,
,
[
], [] -108 ,
.. , ,
[] , , , , - ..,
[ ] - [4, 9]

229.
: -

: -, ---

: --- - [4]
106 , - [11]

107

108 ,
: [ ] - ,
, , [],
, , , , [] ,
, [] , []
.., [ ] -, [ -
] [4, 9]

230.
: ---

( ): --- --- [8, 9]

: , , , ,
- , , (?),
.. [, ] []
, , [8]

( ): -- 30, - 1.5, -- 1.5, - 1.5, -


1.5, - 1.5, -- 1.5, --- 1.5, --- 1.5, - 1.5, - 1.5,
- 1.5, - 1.5, -- 1.5, - 1.5 [6]

: [ ] ,
[6]

231.
: ---

: ---, ---

: - 15 { -- 15 [3]}, [ ]
- 15, - 20, - 50, - 40, -
20, - 15, - 15, -- 15, --- 40, --- 50, ---
40, - 40, - 25, --- 25, --- 25, --- 25, --
50, -- 80, -- 50, -- 60, -- 40, -- 70, - 50
{ -- 50 [3]}, - 5 [17]

: [ ] , []
, [ ] , [
] , [] ,
, [ ] -,
[ ] .., []
, [ ] [4]
232**.
: ---

: --- 50, ----- 50, ----


-- 50, --- 35, - 35, - 25 [7]

: , .., []
- , , ,
.. [, ]
[] [7]; - [7]

233**.
: ---

: - 400, - 800, -- 800, -- 200, --


300, -- 200, -- 400 [13]

: [ 109, ]
- -, , , ,
[13];
[]

234.
: ---

: -

: - 100, - 40, -- 65, -


120, - 60, - 100, --
300, --- 65 [2, 4]

: , , ,
, [] [ ], , ,

109 -
, , .., [
] , []
[4, 9]

235*.
: -

: --- --- [9]

: [ ]
[ ], [], ,
, , .. [9]

236*.
: ---

: --- - [4]

: , [ ], ,
, , ,
.., [ ] [4]

237**.
: ---

: - 100, - 40, -- 60, -


120, - 60, - 80, --- 80,
- 70, - 80 [3, 4]

: , , []
[ ], , , ,
[] , , ..,
[] .., [ ]
[] [4]
238*.
: ---

: --- --- []

: , , .. [];
,

239**.
: ---

( ): - 30, - 10, -- 10, - 10, --


- 10, - 10, - 10, - 50, - 10 []

: [ ] , ,
--; [] -, []
[]

( ): - 50, - 30, -- 40, - 40, - 40,


- 40, - 20, - 30, - 25 [2]

: [], , ,
, , ,
[ -] - [2]

240**.
: ---

: - 50, - 50, - 50, - 40, - 40, -- 60,


- 60, - 20, - 20, - [ ] [11]

: , , .. [11]
241.
: ---

: -

: - 100, -- 40, --- 40, --


- 60, - 40, - 40, - 20, -- 100,
-- 60, - 60, --- 40, - 60, --,
, 120, -,
, 60, - 20 [3]

: , [-
-]-, , [] ,
, .., [
] [] --- [4,
9]

242.
: ---

: - 100, -- 150, -- 80, - 100,


-- 53, ---,
, 50, ---,
, 40, -, , 70,
- 100, - 100, - 80, - 30, - 30, --
40, --- 40, - 40, -- 15, - 70 [4]

:
, [ ], ,
[ ], , ,
, , [] , , [-
-]- .., [ ]
, [] [4, 9]

243.
: ---

: - 200, - 40, -- 60, -


100, - 50, - 100, -- 150, --- 60, ---
150, - 40, - 50, - 130, - 100, - 30 {
-110 30 [3]}, - 50, -- 40, --
- 100, -- 100, -- 20, - 1 [6, 3]

: ,
, [] ,
- , [ ]
, .., [ ]
[ ] [4]

244.
: ---

: -

( ): - 100, --- 80, --- 60, ---


70, --- 120, - 100, - 100, - 40, - 35, - 30, -
- 30, -- 100, -- 80, -- 100, - 100, --
70, - 80, -- 150, - 100, - 50, --- 60, --
50, - 50, --- 40, -- 80, - 80, - 80, - 100,
- 100, --- 150, --- 150, - 100, - 60,
--- {- [ ] - [4]} 30, - 1 [3, 17]

( ): - 40, --- 25, - 40, --- 35, -


-- 50, - 70, - 30, - 10, - 10, - 30, -- 30, --
35, -- 35, -- 45, - 25, -- 35, - 45, -- 31, -
70, - 15, --- 25, -- 35, - 35, --- 35, --
25, - 25, - 30, - 45, - 45, --- 45, - 30, -
20, - 50, - 15, - 1 [1111]

: , [] [ ],
[ ], , , , , ,
, , , ,
[] , ,
---, .., [ ]
[] , [ ],
[], [4, 9];
[]

110

111 [6]
245.
: ---

: -- 100, - 50, --- 50, - 50, ---


50, -- 50, -- 50 [3, 6, 16]

: , , ,
, , ..,
[ ] [] [
] [4]

246*.
: -

: --- --- [4]

: ,
[ ], , , ,
.., [ ]
, [4]

247.
: ---

: - 250, - 150 { 250112 [6, 17]}, - 30, -- 50, -


100, ---, ,
40, - 100, - 100, -- 100, -- 50 [4]

: , , [
] , [ ],
[] ,
, , , , ..,
[ ] [4, 9]

248*.
112
: -

: --- - [4]

: , ,
, , , ,
, , [] ,
, [ ],
[] , , ,
.., [ ]
[4]

249*.
: ---

( ): --- --- []

( ): - 150, - 80, - 30, --


70, - 50, ---,
, 40, - 50, - 50, -- 50, -- 50,
- 50, ---- 70, -- 70, -- 250, - 150, -
1.5, - 1 [4]

: , [
], , [], , ,
, ,
[] ,
.., [ ]
[] [4];
[]

250.
: ---

: - 150, - 50, - 40, -- 40, -


[, ] , 50, ---,
, 60, - 60, - 60, -- 60,
- 100, -, , 50, -
50, -, , 50,
, , - 40, - 30,
- 70, - 40, - 7 [3, 17]
: ,
[] , ,
, .., ,
[ ], , [
] [], , , [ -
] .., [
] [4, 9]

: ---

: - 10, - 8, - 10, - 7 [13]

: [ ] ,
, [ ]
, [13];
, .., []

: ---

: - 100, - 70, - 70, -- 70, - 50, ---


70, --- 30 [10]

: -, , ,
.., -, - [10];
[]

. ---,
1
, 1951 .

2.
-, , 2003.

3. ---, , 2000.
4. -, , 1995.
5. ()()
--------, , 2000.

6. .
--- -, , 1996.

7. --, ,
1975.

8.
---, , 2002.

9. ---, , 2001.

10.




. ----, 19 .

11.
-.

---, 17 .

12.
-------

13. ---. ,
20.

14. 20 .
15. --,
, 1993.
16. --- -
--, , 1994.

17. --
18. --
-, 1916.

19. -
--, , 1994.

.
20

21.


22.



---, , 2005.

C-- 38 --- 45

--- 82 - 79

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--- 82 --- 71

--- 82 --- 34

- 81 - 19

- 81 - 34

--- 78 - 34

--- 79 - 34

--- 78 -- 41

- 78 --- 35

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--- 81 --- 41

--- 82 -------
41
--- 69
----- 10
--- 81
--- 42 --- 23

--- 42 '--- 47

'- 46 '--- 47

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- 44 -'-- 76

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- 23 '--- 22

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--- 16 --- 28

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--- 77 ---'-- 19

-- 54 --- 19

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--- 17 - 58

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- 17 - 20

- 17 - 20

- 17 --- 20

--- 74 ----- 74

--- 74 --- 61

--- 20 ----- 61

- 58 ---- 74

- 57 ----- 27

--- 56 - 53

- 57 - 75

--- 57 --- 75

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--- 64 - 75

--- 12 - 75

- 33 --- 10

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--- 30 - 32

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---- 18 '--- 21

- 18 '- 27

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--- 50 '--- 56

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- 45 --- 33

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- 32 - 53
- 53 --- 13

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- 45 --- 76

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6 66 - 28

7 20 - 28

- 47 --- 36

- 62 ---- 35

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--- 22 ----- 10

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--- 52 -' 72

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58
- 69
--- 60
----- 22
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- 12
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- 49 -'-- 74

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- 73 - 69

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- 80 '--- 26
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--- 67 - 69

--- 74

--- , ,

244

113 34, 54, 58, 68, 69, 78?, 82, 85, 90, 167, 195, 207, 209

114 2?, 120

115

(-, - --) 1, 2, 3, 21, 67, 98, 115, 136, 241,


242, 244

116 12, 20, 52, 147

117 132, 207, 234

2, 3, 12, 20, 96, 125, 147, 242

2, 25, 26, 105, 109, 150, 228, 229, 230

118 12, 19

12, 78, 120, 135, 147

120, 125, 157, 180, 183, 185, 200, 228

113 ,
;
, , ..

114 , - -,
- .., , , .. , -,
,
; .

115 . -

116 , ,
, , ,
..

117 .

118 .
116, 136, 234

38, 214, 240, 242, 244

119

, 1, 67, 90, 136, 147, 156, 230, 234, 241, 243, 244

120, , 54, 67, 116, 136, 139,


237

67, 149?

- 237

121 67?, 135, 137, 149?, 219, 236, 238, 244, ---122

54, 116, 136, 198, 209, 214, 217, 234, 239, 240

20, 67, 136, 217, 234, 236, 237, 238, 244

-
,
,

83, 116, 120, 125, 139, 152, 180, 185, 200, 226, 228, 243

139, 180

139

(-, ) 35, 83, 120, 125, 139, 180, 185, 200, 228, 229, 243

- 67, 120, 136, 228, 243

119 -, , -

120 , -, -

121 ,
- 56, 57, 107 ..

122 .
- 125, 185, 228, 243

139, 185

, (-) 126, 131, 139, 226, 227, 243

, , 123 17, 83, 120, 132, 152, 157, 203, 213, 247, 248, 250

139

68, 83, 116, 126, 131, 139, 209, 226

, (-) 26, 36, 83, 120, 139, 152, 185, 200, 213, 226, 228, 243

83, 109, 213

67, 120, 125, 136, 139, 180, 243

125, 195, 228, 243

180, 226, 227, 243

, 17, 83, 120, 132, 139, 152, 180, 200, 227, 228, 243

38, 116, 136, 189, 198, 214, 217, 218, 234, 243, 244

38, 116, 136, 195, 209, 214, 217, 234, 237, 240, 244

4, 68, 195

124 131

234

, , , - , 54, 68, 82, 90,


189, 195, 214, 217, 234, 240, 244

, 136, 214, 217, 240

, 116, 131, 136, 209, 214, 217, 234, 243

, , 83, 209, 217, 226, 227, 236, 243

123 -, ,

124 , ,
(-, -, -, -, -) 28, 35, 54, 55,
116, 120, 125, 136, 139, 180, 185, 200, 218, 224, 228, 234, 236, 239, 243, ---125, -
--126

, -, -,

101, 115, 130, 194

, (-) 16, 35, 47, 56, 57, 66, 95, 96, 101, 105, 113, 130, 194, 225

(---) 1, 98, 115, 137

2, 19, 29, 37, 78, 244

, , (-) 75, 98, 102, 104, 105, 115, 196, 197

137, 241, 244

16, 35, 95, 105, 130

16, 35, 57

, , ,

58

, 16, 97, 104, 105, 113, 191, 194, 196, 197

127

43, 45, 87, 102, 103, 196, 208, 216

, (-) 102, 105, 115, 190, 191, 192, 196

(--) 25, 45, 51, 102, 193+137, 208, 241

, (-) 43, 45, 52, 82, 88, 102, 103, 130, 131, 190, 192, 194, 196

125 - 5, - 10, - 10 []

126 - 6, - 3, - 3, - 3, -- 6, - 3, - 6, -- 3,
- 0.03 []

127 - ,


33, 43, 44, 52, 88?, 103, 138, 186, 216

59, 59+-, 76, 87, 146, 231

33, 46, 115, 146, 149, 151, 216, 241

102, 103

128 (-, ---) 57, 59, 87, 151, 177, 181, 182, 231

129 ,

16, 18, 75, 94, 101, 104, 105, 110, 111, 115, 145, 197

(----) 31, 99, 101, 110, 114, 115

(-) 75, 98, 101, 104, 115

(-, -) 23, 80, 101, 110, 122, 123, 142

(-) 16, 75, 101, 105, 113, 191, 192

, (-, -, -) 75, 104, 105, 127, 146, 148, 150

(-, ---)

, (-) 35, 75, 101, 104, 113, 115, 125, 180, 197, 200, 228

(-) 75, 101, 110

, 27, 66, 121

(-) 75, 110, 111, 115, 151

(-) 16, 75, 101, 110, 113, 244

(--, ----)

(-)

(-)

(-, ---) 16, 125, 180, 200, 228, 229


128

129
, ,

24, 74, 144, 167, 184

34, 29, 43, 74, 112, 167

, (-, -) 24, 28+16, 32, 34+18, 73, 89, 99, 114, 167, 184,
224, 225

24, 32, 61, 73, 78, 89, 161, 163, 184, 186, 186, 224, 225, 230

15, 28, 114, 225, 232+-

130 32, 37, 73, 123, 224, 225

131, 28, 163, 211, 222

, , 29, 32, 33, 34, 37, 138,


144, 147, 167, 184

75, 104, 109, 127, 148, 149, 230, 241

29, 34, 37, 167, 184

140, 167, 179, 221

130, 167

-, ---, ---, -, , ,
, , , , ,

168, 207

, 58, 69, 85, 161, 207, 209, 210, 211, 222

43, 60, 78, 93, 122, 123, 142, 159, 163, 168, 172, 178, 187, 188, 222

- 12, 43, 60, 62, 112

130

131 , ,
- 132 172, 187, 222

(---, ----, -) 66, 121, 123, 201

, 16, 105, 113

133 (-, ----) 16, 18, 121, 159, 172, 174, 201

134 (---) 50, 108, 158, 159, 160, 161

4, 54

135 23, 122, 172, 174, 188

-, , 10, 28, 28+158, 63, 68, 69, 74, 84, 85, 91, 93, 112, 119, 158, 163,
168, 206, 207, 211, 222

, 10, 54, 60, 81, 82, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 172, 187, 188, 210, 245, 246

54, 68, 69, 85, 91, 93, 112, 119, 206, 207, 209, 210

10, 163

27, 159, 162, 172, 174, 246

136 (---) 4, 5, 6, 28, 32, 81, 163, 167, 224, 245, 246

(-) 82, 84, 91, 158, 159, 162, 163, 168, 172, 174, 187, 188

(-) 4, 23, 69, 80, 84, 112, 122, 123, 142, 147, 222, 223, 225

(-) 10, 12, 60, 61, 62, 78, 84, 88, 89, 90, 93, 112, 147, 162, 163, 172, 174, 178, 186,
187, 199, 211

54, 90, 162

158, 159, 160, 163, 172, 222, 223, 244

(-) 5, 6, 245

, -137 4, 162, 187, 191, 192, 225


132 , ,

133 , !

134 12, 147 ..

135 , , ,

136 , . ,
!

137 , .., .. ,
, , ,
23, 80, 122, 123, 142, 159, 222, 223, 225

, ,
(-, ---) 12, 29, 43, 60, 61, 62, 78, 84, 89, 92, 93, 112, 138, 144,
144+158, 147, 167, 168, 172, 174, 178, 182, 186, 187, 211

16, 18, 35, 36, 66, 95, 96, 104, 113, 194, 215

36, 95

, , 2, 3, 16, 104, 113, 194

91, 92

, 138 (--) 34, 78, 82, 167, 168, 181, 210

43, 161

139 43, 82, 92, 153

140 34, 39, 40, 41, 58, 68, 69, 85, 98, 112, 137, 206, 207

141 34, 35, 36, 98, 167, 168

138 -,
245, 246, 6 ..

139 !

140 - -
-, , , - -;
(-, -
..),

141 , ..,
, , - , , ,
58, 76, 138, 168, 206

-, -

68, 69, 82, 91, 168, 207

, 35, 38, 51, 58, 98, 193, 210

142, 2, 3, 25, 38, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 52, 59, 82, 102, 129, 193,
196, 230, 230, 241, -----143

, 58, 69, 124, 133, 169, 207, 210

52, 88?, 102, 103, 112, 186, 194, 206, 241, 244

, , 9, 12,
34+18, 43, 44, 82, 102, 102+16, 113, 143?, 194, 227

144 64, 85, 86, 135, 153, 207

40, 64, 69, 132, 157?, 202, 205, 209

, 12, 42?, 65,


77?, 88, 100, 138, 171, 201, 241, 247, 249, 250

-145

, ,
- -; -, ,

142

143 - 3, - 2, - 1.1, - 1.8, - 2.3, - 1, - 2.2, - 3,


- 3, - 3, - 3 []

144 ; ,
- - , -

145 ,
, , ..; -
( ), , -,

1, 2, 9, 58, 77, 82, 85, 86, 106, 107, 134, 212, 228, 244

(-), 12, 42, 77, 82, 134, 147, 157, 213

146 9, 56, 106, 107, 212, 213, 228, 244

147 16, 18, 26, 35, 36, 47, 56, 57, 78, 94, 106, 107, 120, 134, 180, 183, 205, 212, 213

, 148 (-)

- 9, 16, 56, 57, 107, 134, 135, 200, 212, 219, 229

- 39, 40, 68, 69+18, 69, 85, 97, 106, 209, 213, 228

(-) 35, 36, 47, 219

() 9, 16, 18, 36, 56, 107, 134, 212, 228

149 9, 16, 18, 34, 35, 36, 39, 47, 56, 57, 69, 69+18, 78, 85, 92, 94, 97, 98, 105, 106,
107, 166, 120, 134, 166, 200, 212, 213, 227, 229

(-)

150 (-)

146 , -,

147 -, - ..,
- - ,
, ; ,
-

148 - ,

149 ,
,
..; , , ,
-,
,

150
(-) 9, 69, 166

(-, ---)

9, 18, 34, 57, 78, 106, 144

, () 9, 16, 18, 36, 56, 57, 105, 106, 107, 120, 134, 229

(-)

--

9, 16, 18, 42, 56, 57, 77, 107, 110?, 120, 134, 166, 194

, ('-, -) 9, 16, 18, 56, 57, 104, 110?

(-) 57, 69, 69+18, 70, 101, 121, 121+18, 123, 158, 159, 165, 227, 249, -
----151

(--) 16, 18, 94, 104, 105, 113, 194, 229, 244

(--) 16, 57, 70, 106

29?, 34, 37?, 71, 77, 120, 138, 167, 168, 177, 181, 182, 184, 185, 233

, , 12, 34, 42, 77, 78, 167, 181, 197, 233

26, 58, 78, 109, 135, 138, 148, 167, 168, 219, 244

- -152

(-) 35, 36, 47, 56, 57, 166

(-) 177, ---/-----153

151 -, - , ,
[]

152 ,

153 --- 50, --- 25, - 25, - 25, --- 25, -


-- 25, --- 25, - 2.5, -
2.5 -- 2.5 [4]

7, 15, 47, 47+18, 48, 57, 86, 145, 177, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 197, 220, 233,
---154

185, 200, 209, 227, 228, 229

47, 95, 111, 168, 191

10, 62, 63+88, 72, 84, 86, 123, 163, 168, 172, 172+-, 173, 174, 175,
176, 182, 187, 223, 232

9, 16, 18, 56, 57, 200, 229

47+18, 168, 177

33, 43, 44, 46, 47+18, 57, 58, 59, 75?, 102+18, 115, 151, 167, 168, 184, 191, 197, 231

, 47+18, 82, 94, 103, 167

12, 47+18, 53+16, 57, 69, 69+18, 70, 108, 111, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 201

12, 15, 43, 47, 47+18, 71, 168, 172, 182, 220, 234+18

29, 32, 34+104, 47+18, 167, 167+220, 182, 184, 230

(-) 12, 43, 49, 57, 60, 63, 91, 102, 104, 138, 167, 177, 182, 187, 209

47+18, 62, 123, 174, 182, 187

47+18, 69+220, 70, 108, 203, 207, 248

47+18, 69+18

47+18, 167+220

34, 72, 84, 108, 121+18, 123, 160, 173, 174, 175, 176, 249

47+18, 70, 185

, 155,

154 -, -, - []
39, 40, 69

69, 169, 202, 205

69, 82, 247

156 34, 35, 36, 65, 124, 201, 247, 248, 250

- - 71, 108, 124, 201, 247, 248

- - 40, 68, 69, 70, 132, 154, 169, 183, 202, 203, 205

157 41, 69, 68, 157

, 154, 202, 203, 205

, - 158 39, 40, 42, 77, 132, 157

39, 40, 124, 201, 248, 250

71, 77, 88, 242

, , .. (-) 13, 14, 39, 40, 69, 69+18, 70, 100, 132, 157,
201, 203, 248, 249

159 39, 40, 41, 68, 69, 132, 169, 202, 205, 206, 207, 209

- 13, 14, 124, 201, 248

- 68, 69, 70, 169, 171, 202

, 40, 69, 70, 124, 201, 202, 203, 248

125, 132, 170?, 242

155 , , ,
-

156 , ..

157 , -, ,
, -

158

159 , ..
16, 18, 34, 35, 95, 104, 105, 113, 137

11, 53, 77, 141, 164, 170, 172

, , , .. (-) 13, 14, 40, 69, 69+18, 70, 77,


100, 174, 201, 203, 248, 249

41, 69, 170

164, 170, 235

11, 12

11, 22, 42, 50, 93, 164, 170, 235, 244

11, 50, 158, 164

8, 11, 15, 35, 104, 115, 141, 197, 236

10+-, 11, 15, 120, 141, 170

, . 15, 22, 50, 53, 63, 69, 71, 79, 93, 119, 141, 155, 164,
170, 172, 173, 174, 244

, , 11, 12, 19, 53, 71,


77, 78, 108, 164, 170, 230, 249

54, 68, 69, 170, 172, 174, 204, 217, 234, 235, 242, 243

127

, 51, 102, 127, 128, 129, 137

, , 160 (?) .. 85, 163, 187

126

85, 122, 142, 222

160 .
46, 115, 127, 128, 129, 146, 148

, 29, 32, 35, 127, 148

83, 125, 139, 180, 200, 228, 229, 243

, , , , ,

26, 42

(---) 123, 159, 160, 160+16, 174, 188

161 (-) 16, 40, 41, 57, 132, 159, 174, 207

, 29, 30, 37

, , 34, 71, 77, 100, 124, 228, 229, 242, 247,


248

, 5, 30

12, 19

77, 134, 166

88, 117, 168

88, 117, 118, 134

117, 139, 180, 185, 200

161 , , -

82

83

88

-
. .

________________________________________________

20.09.05. 6084 1/8.


. 2. Times New Roman.
. .-.. 11,16. .-.. 11,0.
150. 46.

________________________________________________

,
670047, . -, . , 8