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MONITORS THE WORLD OF LTE IN YOUR NETWORK

LTE Protocols LTE Interfaces LTE Entities


Interface Description Entity Name Description
Name 3GPP / ITU Standard Interfaces Description

LTE
Cx CSCF HSS AAA Authentication, Authorization and Accounting server
Diameter RFC 3588, 29.272, S6a, S6d, S13, S13, Authentication, Authorization and
29.273, 29.212, 29.214, SWa/d/m/x, STa, S6b, Accounting Protocol Gxa/S7 PCRF P-GW AF Application Function
29.215, 32.299 H2, Pi, Gx, Gxa, Gxc, Gy Gxc PCRF S-GW CBC Cell Broadcast Center
Rx, S9
eAN/ePCF Evolved AN/Packet Control Function
Gy P-GW OCS
GTPv1 29.281 S1-U, X2-U, S4-U, S5/8-U, GPRS Tunneling Protocol User Plane
EIR Equipment Identity Register
S12-U Protocol LTE-Uu UE eNB
eNB eNodeB
GTPv2 29.274 S3-C, S4-C, S5/8-C, GPRS Tunneling Protocol for Control Rx+
NAS IP NAS
PCRF AF

UE
S10, S11 Plane ePDG Evolved/Enhanced Packet Data Gateway
RRC P S1-A
P SBc MME CBC
PDC C T P MIPv4 29.279 S2a-C Mobile IPv4 Protocol GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
S
RLC
LT
SGi P-GW PDN
v1 I P
GTP
(A E-U
HSGW HRPD Serving Gateway
MAC l rnet
NAS 24.301 LTE-Uu, S1-MME Non-Access-Stratum Protocol
sica
u deB v1 U P
D Ethe ical
SGs MME VLR
o GTP
Phy HSS Home Subscriber Server
ir In s
N
PDCP 36.323 LTE-Uu Packet Data Convergence Protocol
IP Phy
terf
ace) e X2A
C T
P
P
U P
D rnet
Ethe cal S1-M PMIPv6 29.275 S2a-C, S2b-C, S5/8-C Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol
S1-MME eNB MME
MME Mobility Management Entity
si
ME
S IP S1-U eNB S-GW
Phy MSC Mobile Switching Center
NAS rnet RLC 36.322 LTE-Uu Radio Link Control Protocol
IP E e al
t h S2a P-GW HSGW [trusted non-3GPP IP access] OCS Online Charging System
RRC P sic
PD C Phy RRC 36.331 LTE-Uu, S1, X2, S3 Radio Resource Control Protocol S2b P-GW ePDG PDN Packet Data Network
RLC NAS S1AP 36.413 S1-C E-UTRAN S1 Application Protocol (S1AP)
P P S2c P-GW UE [untrusted non-3GPP and/or 3GPP access]
S1-A
PCRF Policy and Charging Rules Function
MAC l X2A P
sica GTP
v1 SCT C T P SCTP RFC 2960 S1-MME, X2, SBc, Stream Control Transport Protocol
Phy S S3 SGSN MME P-GW Packet Data Network (PDN) Gateway
NAS UDP IP I P Diameter-based
P rnet S4 SGSN S-GW SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
S1-A rnet Ethe ical
interfaces

o d eB v1
SCT
P Ethe al
Phy
sic X2 Phy
s
eter X2AP 36.423 X2-C E-UTRAN X2 Application Protocol S5 S-GW P-GW S-GW Serving Gateway
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GTP IP Diam P
e N UDP rnet
Ethe al
sic
SCT
IP
S6a MME HSS UE
VLR
User Equipment
Visitor Location Register

ME
IP Phy
S7/Gxa P-GW PCRF
v2 rnet
h
s
rnet
Et e cal
i S1-M M GTP
UDP
E e ical
t
Phy
h
s S8 Visited S-GW Home P-GW
Phy
ME NAS
IP
rnet S6a Diam P
eter S9 Visited PCRF Home PCRF
IMS Interfaces
P Et e ical
h SC T
S10 MME MME
S1-A Phy
s IP
C T P rnet S11 MME S-GW Interface Description
S E e ical
t h
IP s
rnet v2 Phy S13 MME EIR Cx I-CSCF, S-CSCF HSS
Ethe cal GTP

S1-U S1-U HSS


si UD P S13 ISC S-CSCF AS
Phy SGSN EIR

S10
eter IP
Diam P rnet
S101 MME eAN/PCF Ma I-CSCF AS
SCT E e ical
t h
E
MM
s S102 Mg MGCF I-CSCF
v2 IP Ph y MME MSC [1xRTT ]
GTP

S6a
rnet
UDP E e ical
t h S103 S-GW HSGW Mi S-CSCF BGCF
s
v1 IP Phy Mj
GTP Sv BGCF MGCF
rnet MME MSC [ WCDMA]
U P
D Et e ical
h
Mn MGCF IM-MGW
s SWa
Phy AAA Proxy untrusted non-3GPP access
LTE Network Planes GTP
v1 IP
rnet
Ethe cal
SWd AAA Server AAA Proxy Mr S-CSCF MRFC
UDP v2
Phy
si GTP Mw P-CSCF I-CSCF S-CSCF
IP v1 U P
D SWm ePDG AAA Proxy
rnet GTP
Control Plane E e cal
t h v2 SWx HSS AAA Rf/Ro CSCF BGCF MRFC MGCF AS

GW
s i GTP UDP IP
Phy
g S11
UDP rnet Sh AS HSS
n PP X2
i v2 eNB eNB
E e al
t h IP/P
erv
GTP IP s ic
UDP
User Plane S Pv1 GT
rnet
Ethe ical
Phy
s
Phy

UDP IP
8
S5/S W
rnet

DN G
Ethe al eter

net IMS Entities


sic Diam P
Non-Access Stratum Phy
P SCT Laye al
r2
te r
IP
rnet
Ethe ical
Phy
s i c
In Entity Name Description

SGi
s BGCF Breakout Gateway Control Function
Phy
HSS Home Subscriber Service
I-CSCF Interrogating Call Session Control Function
)
gaco
4 8 (Me TP IM-MGW IP Multimedia Media Gateway
H.2 CP/SC
W
-MG
/T MGCF Media Gateway Control Function
IP/P
PP UDP IP

F
eter
Diam P IM rnet
Ethe ical gaco
(Me TP
) MRF Media Resource Function

PCR SGi
s 4 8
SCT Phy H.2 CP/SC g
P-CSCF Proxy Call Session Control Function
/T odin
IP UDP IP dia E
nc S-CSCF Serving Call Session Control Function

/Gxa
rnet rnet
Me
RTP
Et e ical
h
Phy
s
S7 Laye al
r2
Med
ia E
RTP
ncod
ing
Mn Ethe ical
Ph y s SDP
SIP TCP/S CTP

F
y s i c /

MGC
Ph SDP UDP
SCF
ing IP
CTP ncod
SIP TCP/S ia E rnet
P-C
Med
/ RTP Ethe al
UDP sic
Mg
IP SDP Phy
Typical LTE Procedures rnet
Ethe al SIP TCP/S
/
CTP

Phy
sic UDP IP

IMS
eter
UE eNodeB New MME Old MME/SGSN Serving GW PDN GW PCRF HSS
Mw
rnet
Ethe al
sic Enc
o ding
Diam
UDP
Mj
EIR Phy Med
ia
IP ncod
ing
ia E
RTP rnet eter Med
SDP E e ical
t h Diam RTP
C F SIP TCP/S CTP
Phy
s
UDP
SDP

I-CS
Attach Procedure TP
UDP
/
IP SIP TCP/SC
IP P /
rnet D
rnet
Cx
U IP
e E e ical
t h eter
Attach Request
IMS Network Planes E t
Phy
h
sica
l
Phy
s Diam
P E t h e rnet
l
UD sica
Phy
HSS
Attach Request IP SDP
rnet
E e ical SIP
t h in g
Control Plane ncod
Identification y s ia E
Ph Med T P
Request RTP TCP/SC

Mw
/
F UD P

BGC
IP
Identification t h e rnet
User Plane
Cx
E l
Response eter sica
Diam Phy
ing P
Identity Request ia E
ncod UD
Med IP
RTP rnet
SDP TP E e ical
t h
Identity Response
SIP TCP/SC Ph y s
ncod
ing
/
UDP ia E

Mi
IP Med
Authentication/Security rnet RTP
Ethe al SDP TP
sic SIP TCP/SC
Phy
F
Identity Request/Response P /
IP k C UD IP

S-CS
rnet
ME Identity Check
wo r Et h e
sica
l ing

Ciphered Options Request Ne t Phy Med


ia E
ncod

RTP
SDP TP
SIP TCP/SC
Ciphered Options Response Mr UD P /
IP
Update Location Request
e rnet
Eth l
sica
Cancel Location Phy

Cancel Location Ack


MRF
Update Location Ack

Create Session Request

Create Session Request LTE - CDMA2000/eHRPD Connectivity LTE - UMTS Connectivity


PCEF Initiate IP-CAN
Session Termination

Attach
Create Session Response
LTE HSS LTE HSS
First Downlink Data PSTN PSTN
Create Session Response
Initial Context

E-UTRAN E-UTRAN
Setup Req./Attach Accept
PDP Context activation
S6a S6a
RRC Connection Reconfig.
Internet Internet
RRC Connection
Reconfig. Complete SAE-EPC SAE-EPC
Initial Context Setup Resp.

Direct Transfer
LTE-Uu SGi LTE-Uu SGi
Attach Complete eNB
S1-MME MME S10 eNB
S1-MME MME S10

Dedicated Bearer Activation Procedure S1-U S11 MME IMS S1-U S11 MME IMS
S11 SGi S11 SGi
IP-CAN X2 X2
LTE-Uu LTE-Uu
Session Modification
Serving Serving
S5/S8 S5/S8
Create Bearer Request
eNB GW PDN GW S7/Gxa eNB GW PDN GW
Create Bearer Request
Bearer Setup Req.
Closing session
Session Management Req. S7/Gxa
RRC Connection Reconfig.
Go S3 Go
S101 S7a/Gxa PCRF Gi PCRF Gi
RRC Connection S103 S2a S4
Reconfig. Complete
Bearer Setup Response
CDMA2000/eHRPD UMTS
Direct Transfer
Session Management
Response PS-Core
RAN UTRAN

RA - PLTE Revision A
Create Bearer Response A10/A11 Iu-PS Gn
Create Bearer Response
eAN/ePCF HSGW SGSN GGSN
IP-CAN
Session Modification

W W W. R AD CO M . CO M
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