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# Northern Samar

## Lesson Plan in Mathematics III- 2nd Quarter

I OBJECTIVE

A. National Competency: Multiplies three 1- digit numbers using the associative property
of multiplication (M3NS- IIb- 40.6)
B. Contextualized Learning Competency: Multiplies three 1- digit numbers using the
associative property of multiplication in harvesting cassava of Mamanwans in Las
Navas, Northern Samar
Following directions
Appreciation of Nature

II SUBJECT MATTER
Multiplies three 1- digit numbers using the associative property of multiplication in
harvesting cassava of Mamanwans in Las Navas, Northern Samar
References: Teachers Guide in Mathematics 3, p. 134-137
Learners Material in Elementary Mathematics 3, p. 150-152
K to 12 Curriculum Guide in Math Grade 3
Materials:
Dried leaves of cassava
Activity cards (improvised banana leaves)
Chart (old calendar)
pictures
Background Information:

## Cassava is grown mainly by small farmers and is

consumed boiled and fried or in soups or pastries. The best cutting material is obtained
from plants at least 10 months old, 2.5 to 4 cm thick and about 20-30 cm long, with a
minimum of 3-6 buds per cutting. The cuttings are buried to half their length, aiming to
have several buds under the soil. The cuttings root readily and establish plants within 2
months.
http://greenharvest.com.au

The Mamanwa tribe is residing at Sitio Kilometro 7, Barangay San Isidro, Las Navas Northern
Samar. Few of them own lands and farming is their basic source of livelihood. They plant
cassava, harvest and sell the same in nearby barangays and town proper of Las Navas,
Northern Samar.
It is worthy to mention the role of Baa in the harvest of cassava.

III- PROCEDURE
A. Introduction
a.1 Drill:
Let pupils do the puzzle below.
Say: Multiply. Write the letter that is next to each answer in the correct box below. Read the
secret word.

1cc1
1

Let6l L1x 7 53 x 9= 38 x 8= 1 9 x 8= 46 x 3=

a.2 Review:

Supply the missing digit in the problem using the distributive property of multiplication.

15 x 4 = (10 x )+( x 4) = + =

B. Modeling
Robert harvested 4 plants of cassava in his farm. Each planting stake had 3 cassava roots. He
scattered into 5 piles to sell.

## Steps for harvesting Cassava

Pulling cassava stakes
Separation of cassava stakes from cassava roots
Gather cassava roots
Cleaning cassava roots
Selection cassava cassava

The knowhow on the steps to harvest cassava is useless without knowing the mathematical
feature to compute and determine the number or extent of the harvest. Hence, this topic in
multiplication of three 1- digit numbers using associative property.

Say:
To multiply three 1- digit numbers using associative property, here are the following steps:
1. Multiply first the factors enclosed in parenthesis.
2. Multiply the answer to the remaining factor.
3. When three numbers are multiplied, the product is the same regardless of the grouping
of the factors.

## How many plants of cassava harvested by Robert? (4)

How many cassava roots in every planting stakes? (3)
How many pieces of cassava he scattered? (5)
What are the three 1-digit numbers? ( 4, 3, 5)
What mathematical operation will you use? (Multiplication)
What did we use to group the factors? (parentheses)
Write the number sentence using the associative property of multiplication.
4 x 3 x 5 = ( 4 x 3 ) x 5 = or 4 ( 3 x 5)= N
How will you multiply three 1-digit numbers using associative property? Multiply the
first and second number. Then multiply your answer to the third number.
(4 x 3 ) x 5 = 12 x 5 = 60 or 4 (3 x 5) 4 x 15 = 60
C. GUIDED PRACTICE

A. Divide the class into 2 groups. Give each group an activity card to solve. Have them find the
product of the numbers using associative property of multiplication. Then let each group
post their work on the board. The leader will report to the class the solution and answer of
their group.

Activity Card #1

## Find the product using the associative property

of multiplication by
Grouping the first two factors first
before multiplying to the third factor.
1) 2 x 3 x 6 =
2) 3 x 3 x 4 =
Grouping the last two factors first
before multiplying to the third factor.
1) 3 x 2 x 9 =
2) 5 x 4 x 4 =
Ask: 1) 2 x 3 = 6 x 8 = 48
2) 3 x 3 = 9 x 4 = 36
3) 3 ( 2 x 9) =3 (18) = 54
4) 5 (4 X 2) = 5 ( 8) =40

Activity Card #2

## Find the product using the associative property

of multiplication by
Grouping the first two factors first
before multiplying to the third factor.
1) 2x 3x6=
2) 3x3x4=
Grouping the last two factors first
before multiplying to the third factor.
1) 3x 2x9=

2) 5x 4 x 4=

## Do: ask the same questions using different numbers.

D. Independent Practice

Do the puzzle

IV- ASSESSMENT

## Multiply. Complete the following to show the associative property.

1) (4 x 2 ) x 3 = 4 x ( x 3 ) =
2) (2 x 1) x 4 = 2 x ( 2 x )=
3) (3 x 3) x 4 = x ( 2 x 4 )=
4) (4 x 3) x 5 = x ( 3 x 5 ) =
5) (7 x 1) x 8 = 7 x ( x 8) =

V- ASSIGNMENT
Multiply. Complete the following to show the associative property.
1) (2 x 1 ) x 6 = 2 x ( x 6 ) =
2) (2 x 3) x 2 = 2 x ( 3 x )=
3) (6 x 4) x 6 = x ( 4 x 6 )=
4) (8 x 2) x 3 = x ( 2 x 3 ) =
5) (5 x 9) x 4 = 5 x ( x 4) =

Prepared by:

FILMA G. RONDINA