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With so many people on death row, people have much to say about how the country handles

death row inmates as well as what happens when an inmate is forced to walk the green mile and their
number is literally up. The death penalty is a sentence that should be abolished. Should we do to the
victim? Is there a chance that the accused is innocent? What can be done since the sentence
irreversible? These are some of the issues with the death penalty.

Death penalty violates a persons right to live. According to article 3 Section 1 of the 1987
Constitution, otherwise known as the bill of rights, No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or
property Imposing the death penalty would violate the said bill. We should also put in mind that the
Philippines is predominantly Catholic and killing a person, whether guilty or not, is against the law of
God. As the CBCP once said, Di sagot ang pagpatay sa mga criminal sa isyu ng paglabag sa batas. Ang
dapat patayin ay ang sanhi ng paggawa ng immoralidad, at yun ay ang kahirapan. Kagutuman at kawalan
ng trabaho. Another issue raised by the CBCP is the conscience of the people executing the death
penalty. According to an interview with an executioner, what once was a conscience-wrecking act
became a normal routine in his life and damages the morals of the people assign ed to execute the
inmates.

Secondly, death penalty is anti-poor. In a third world country like the Philippines, most law-
breakers were undergoing poverty and hunger and sometimes, they are innocent people unjustly
accused by the true criminals. Most of the criminals sentenced to die were not given the chance of
choosing their own lawyers mostly because of the fact that they cannot afford it. This just shows that
not all of those criminals executed were rightfully guilty. Their stories have been told and re-told on
newspaper clippings. One example is Fernando Galera. Fernando Galera was supposed to be the first
ever inmate to be executed instead of Leo Echegaray. But at the last minute, Galera was saved and
charged innocent. What if the declaration was 5minutes late? The execution was irreversible, and Galera
could have been dead by then. There is also the incident of Carlos Gorbilla, a corn vendor who was
sentenced to death only minutes after being accused of rape, even without enough evidences. Was he
guilty or innocent? The court never found out, but he was executed instantly. This just proves that death
penalty is really anti-poor because of the unjust trials and giving out of death sentences to innocent or
wrongly accused people who cannot afford to pay good lawyers to defend them. Death penalty robbed
the criminals a chance to fight for their freedom.

Thirdly, death penalty beats its purpose of eliminating or decreasing the crime rate in the
Philippines. According to newspaper clippings and web articles that we read, the crime rate in the
Philippines during the implementation of the death penalty rose instead of decreasing. This shows that
the harsh punishment implemented was not effective. Instead of spreading fear to all crime makers, it
seems that it has only raised a thrilling and inviting challenge for them. It also destroyed its purpose of
maintaining peace and order. Instead, it has raised arguments and issues raised by pro-life groups,
religious organizations and the families of criminals begging for justice. The implementation of death
penalty served justice to only a handful of individuals, but fir the others, it has only raised hatred and
vengeance.
Lastly, death penalty shows the infectiveness of the Philippine government. The implementation
of the death penalty law shows the government is incapable of making the citizens follow the law. As
stated earlier, crime rates continued to increase with the implementation of death penalty. If the law
handed out by the government is ineffective, then what is the sense of re-imposing it today when
clearly, no major change on the constitution has happened? As political science major Vertine Beler puts
it, Whether death penalty is re-imposed or not, criminals will continue to commit crimes with little fear
or restraint, as long as the police is inept and the justice system is so frustratingly slow.

To sum it all up, we are against the re-implementation of death penalty law because of four
reasons. Death penalty robs the criminals a right to live, a right to defend themselves and a right to build
a new life. It also damages our morals as Filipinos and as Catholics, making us hug culture of blood and
death. More importantly, death penalty defeats its purpose of eliminating crimes and as showed by the
trial and error period during the reign of Pres. Marcos to Pres. Arroyo, death penalty did nothing to
improve the quality of justice we have in the Philippines. We believe that more than 10 years of
experimenting with the law is enough death penalty is clearly not the answer to the countrys crime
problems.

An execution is not simply death. It is just as different from the privation of life as a
concentration camp is from prison. It adds to death a rule, a public premeditation known to the future
victim, an organization which is itself a source of moral sufferings more terrible than death. Capital
punishment is the most premeditated of murders, to which no criminals deed, however calculated can
be compared. For there to be an equivalency, the death penalty would have to punish a criminal who
had warned his victim of the date at which he would inflict a horrible death on him and who, from that
moment onward, had confined him at his mercy for months. Such a monster is not encountered in
private life

Death penalty is a kind of capital punishment which refers to the sentence of death over a
person who has been decided by the government as guilty of committing capital crimes or offences.
Death penalty in the Philippines dates back to the Spanish and American colonial periods, present in
various forms such as burning. Decapitation, drowning, flaying, garrote, hanging, shooting stabbing and
others. This punishment by death has continued for years with the same rules until President Ferdinand
Marcos raised the number of capital crimes to 24 including arson, possession of firearms and illegal
fishing through the Death Penalty Law. In 1987, Philippines became the first country in Asia to abolish
death penalty for all crimes under the jurisdiction of the late Pres. Corazon Aquino and punishment for
capital crimes is reduced to reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment. Under the leadership of Pres. Fidel
Ramos, death penalty was again re-imposed through the Heinous Crimes Law wherein capital offences is
subject to death either via electrocution or gas chamber. During the regime of Pres. Estrada, the lethal
injection law was put into action. This continued until the reign of Pres. Macapagal Arroyo. However, in
2006, Pres. Arroyo signed the Republic Act # 9346 entitled An Act Prohibiting the Imposition of Death
Penalty in the Philippines which eliminates all other republic acts and laws regarding death penalty and
commuted 1,230 death row inmates into life imprisoned criminals. The latest move about the death
penalty took place August 2010 when Sen.Miguel Zubiri submitted the Senate Bill # 2383 which states
the re-imposition of death penalty. Excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel, degrading or
inhuman punishment inflicted. Neither shall death penalty be imposed, unless for compelling reasons
involving heinous right. The congress hereafter provides for it. Any death penalty imposed shall be
reduced to reclusion perpetua

Therefore, I decide to go re-imposition of death penalty because of the following reasons : first, it
violates the right to live and damages the filipino's morals. Second death penalty is anti-poor. Third
death penalties defeat its purpose and lastly it only shows the incapabilities of Philippine government.