206 visualizações

Enviado por diegopena

- Mechanics of Deformable Bodies.pdf
- Beermom Ism Fm
- Strengths of Materials - CH.10 Solutions
- Mechanics of Materials 7th Edition Beer Johnson Chapter 6
- Chapter 11
- BeerMOM_ISM_FM.pdf
- BeerMOM_ISM_C01.pdf
- 345021434-Mechanics-of-Materials-7th-Edition-Beer-Johnson-Chapter-7.pdf
- Gravity Dam Design
- Chapter 11
- Beer Solutions
- Gravity Dam
- Beer Solutions Chapter 9
- atv-dvwk_m_127_e_pt2
- Mechanics of Materials 7th Edition Beer Johnson Chapter 8
- 1-8-3.pdf
- MANIK1
- 4........cft
- 86645792 Ejma7r2 Bellows Worksheet 1
- Carcass Strength Relationships Conveyor Belts

Você está na página 1de 176

PROBLEM 11.1

Determine the modulus of resilience for each of the following grades of structural steel:

(b) ASTM A913 Grade 65: Y 65 ksi

(c) ASTM A709 Grade 100: Y 100 ksi

SOLUTION

Y2 (50 103 )2

uY uY 43.1 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(29 106 )

Y2 (65 106 ) 2

uY uY 72.8 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(29 106 )

Y2 (100 103 ) 2

uY uY 172.4 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(29 106 )

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1791

PROBLEM 11.2

Determine the modulus of resilience for each of the following aluminum alloys:

(b) 2014-T6: E 72 GPa Y 220 MPa

(c) 6061-T6: E 69 GPa Y 150 MPa

SOLUTION

Aluminum alloys:

Y2 (55 106 ) 2

uY 9

21.6 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(70 10 )

uY 21.6 kJ/m3

Y2 (220 106 ) 2

uY 9

336 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(72 10 )

uY 336 kJ/m3

Y2 (150 106 )2

uY 163.0 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(69 109 )

uY 163.0 kJ/m3

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1792

PROBLEM 11.3

AISI 302 (annealed): E 190 GPa Y 260 MPa

(b) Stainless steel

AISI 302 (cold-rolled): E 190 GPa Y 520 MPa

(c) Malleable cast iron: E 165 GPa Y 230 MPa

SOLUTION

Y2 (260 106 ) 2

uY 177.9 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(190 109 )

uY 177.9 kJ/m3

Y2 (520 106 ) 2

uY 9

712 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(190 10 )

uY 712 kJ/m3

Y2 (230 106 ) 2

uY 9

160.3 103 N m/m3

2E (2)(165 10 )

uY 160.3 kJ/m3

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. Copyright 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1793

PROBLEM 11.4

(b) Magnesium: E 6.5 106 psi Y 29 ksi

(c) Cupronickel (annealed): 6

E 20 10 psi Y 16 ksi

SOLUTION

Y2 (120 103 ) 2

uY uY 436 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(16.5 106 )

Y2 (29 103 )2

uY uY 64.7 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(6.5 106 )

Y2 (16 103 ) 2

uY uY 6.40 in. lb/in 3

2E (2)(20 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1794

(ksi) PROBLEM 11.5

100

The stress-strain diagram shown has been drawn from data obtained

80

during a tensile test of a specimen of structural steel. Using

60 E 29 106 psi, determine (a) the modulus of resilience of the steel,

40 (b) the modulus of toughness of the steel.

20

0

0.021 0.2 0.25

0.002

SOLUTION

(a) Y E Y

Y2 1 2 1

uY E Y (29 106 )(0.002)2

2E 2 2

(b) Modulus of toughness total area under the stress-strain curve

14.14 in. kip/in 3

A2 (28)(0.25 0.021) 3.21 kips/in 2

2

3.21 in. kip/in 3

2

A3 (20)(0.25 0.075) 2.33 kips/in 2

3

2.33 in. kip/in 3

modulus of toughness uY A1 A2 A3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1795

(MPa) PROBLEM 11.6

600

The stress-strain diagram shown has been drawn from data obtained

during a tensile test of an aluminum alloy. Using E 72 GPa,

450 determine (a) the modulus of resilience of the alloy, (b) the modulus

of toughness of the alloy.

300

150

0.14 0.18

0.006

SOLUTION

(a) Y E Y

Y2 1 2 1

uY E Y (72 109 )(0.006) 2

2E 2 2

1296 103 N m/m3 uY 1296 kJ/m3

(b) Modulus of toughness total area under the stress-strain curve

The average ordinate of the stress-strain curve is

The area under the curve is A (500 106 )(0.18) 90.0 106 N/m 2.

modulus of toughness 90.0 106 J/m3 90.0 MJ/m3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1796

P (kN) PROBLEM 11.7

P

400 The load-deformation diagram shown has been drawn

from data obtained during a tensile test of a specimen of

400 mm

300 an aluminum alloy. Knowing that the cross-sectional area

d

of the specimen was 600 mm2 and that the deformation

200 was measured using a 400-mm gage length, determine by

approximate means (a) the modulus of resilience of the

100 P' alloy, (b) the modulus of toughness of the alloy.

d (mm)

50

2.8

SOLUTION

P P

A 600 106 m 2

L 400 mm

Draw curve:

(a) Modules of resilience:

(shaded area)

1

uY (500 MPa)(0.007)

2

uY 1.750 MJ/m3

(b) Modules of toughness: (total area under curve)

1

1.750 MJ/m3 (500 MPa)(0.125 0.007) (6.33 500)(0.125 0.007)

2

1.750 MJ/m3 59 MJ/m3 10.46 MJ/m3 71.2 MJ/m3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1797

P (kips)

P

PROBLEM 11.8

20

The load-deformation diagram shown has been

15

drawn from data obtained during a tensile test of a

5

18 in. 8

-in.-diameter rod of structural steel. Knowing

10

that the deformation was measured using an 18-in.

d gage length, determine by approximate means

5

(a) the modulus of resilience of the steel, (b) the

P' modulus of toughness of the steel.

d (in.)

0.36 3.2 4

0.025

SOLUTION

5

-in.-diameter rod:

3

2

5 2

A 0.3068 in

4 8

P 12.5 kips

40 ksi

A 0.3068 in 2

0.025 in.

1.389 103

L 18 in.

Y 40 ksi

Draw - curve:

(a) Mod. of resilience:

(shaded area)

1 1

uY Y Y (40 103 psi)(1.389 103 )

2 2

uY 28.0 in. lb/in 3

(b) Mod. of toughness: (total area under - curve)

1

28 in. lb/in 2 (40 ksi)(0.02 0.0014) (40 65)(0.1778 0.02) (62.5)(0.222 0.1778)

2

28 744 9860 2760 13,390 in. lb/in 2

Modulus of toughness 13.40 in. kips/in 3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1798

PROBLEM 11.9

C

Using E 29 106 psi, determine (a) the strain energy of the steel rod ABC when

P 8 kips, (b) the corresponding strain energy density in portions AB and BC of the

3 ft 3

rod.

4

in.

2 ft 5

8

in.

SOLUTION

P 2

A d 2 , V AL, , u

4 A 2E

U uV

Portion d(in.) L(in.) A(in2) V(in3) (ksi) u (in. kip/in 3 ) U (in. kip)

3

AB 0.625 24 0.3608 7.363 26.08 11.72 10 86.32 103

BC 0.75 36 0.4418 15.904 18.11 5.65 103 89.92 103

176.24 103

(b) In AB : u 11.72 103 in. kip/in 3 u AB 11.72 in. lb/in 3

In BC : u 5.65 103 in. kip/in 3 u BC 5.65 in. lb/in 3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1799

PROBLEM 11.10

20-mm diameter

B 16-mm diameter Using E 200 GPa, determine (a) the strain energy of the steel

A

C

rod ABC when P 25 kN, (b) the corresponding strain-energy

density in portions AB and BC of the rod.

P

1.2 m

0.8 m

2m

SOLUTION

AAB (20) 2 314.16 mm 2

4

314.16 106 m 2

ABC (16) 2 201.06 mm 2

4

201.06 106 m 2

P 25 103 N

P 2L

U

2 EA

(25 103 ) 2 (1.2) (25 103 )2 (0.8)

(2)(200 109 )(314.16 106 ) (2)(200 109 )(201.06 106 )

(a) U 5.968 6.213 12.18 N m U 12.18 J

P 25 103

(b) AB 79.58 106 Pa

AAB 314.16 106

AB

2

(79.58 106 ) 2

u AB 9

15.83 103 u AB 15.83 kJ/m3

2E (2)(200 10 )

P 25 103

BC 124.28 106 Pa

AAB 201.16 106

BC

2

(124.28 106 ) 2

uBC 38.6 103 uBC 38.6 kJ/m3

2E (2)(200 109 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1800

PROBLEM 11.11

A

B P 1.85 in 2 is welded to a fixed support A and to a rigid cap B. The

steel rod EF, of 0.75-in. diameter, is welded to cap B. Knowing

D C

that the modulus of elasticity is 29 106 psi for the steel and

30 in.

10.6 106 psi for the aluminum, determine (a) the total strain

48 in. energy of the system when P 8 kips, (b) the corresponding

strain-energy density of the pipe CD and in the rod EF.

SOLUTION

Member EF carries a force P 8000 lb in tension while member CD carries 8000 lb in compression.

Area of member EF: A d2 (0.75)2 0.4418 in 2

4 4

(a) Strain energy.

P2 L (8000)2 (30)

CD : U CD 48.95 in. lb

2 EA (2)(10.6 106 )(1.85)

P2 L (8000) 2 (48)

EF : U EF 119.89 in. lb

2 EA (2)(29 106 )(0.4418)

Total: U U CD U EF 168.8 in. lb U 168.8 in. lb.

(b) Strain energy density.

8000 2 (4324) 2

CD : 4324 psi, u

1.85 2E (2)(10.6 106 )

8000 2 (18,108) 2

EF : 18,108 psi, u

0.4418 2E (2)(29 106 )

u 5.65 in. lb/in 3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1801

0.5 m PROBLEM 11.12

B

A

C 20 mm A single 6-mm-diameter steel pin B is used to connect the steel strip

D

E DE to two aluminum strips, each of 20-mm width and 5-mm

P thickness. The modulus of elasticity is 200 GPa for the steel and

1.25 m 5 mm 70 GPa for the aluminum. Knowing that for the pin at B the

allowable shearing stress is all 85 MPa, determine, for the loading

shown, the maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the

assembled strips.

SOLUTION

Apin d2 (6)2 28.274 mm 2

4 4

28.274 106 m 2

all 85 106 Pa

Double shear: P 2 A (2)(28.274 106 )(85 106 )

4.8066 103 N

For strips AB, DB, BE, A (20)(5) 100 mm 2 100 106 m 2

1

FAB FDB P 2.4033 103 N

2

2

FAB LAB (2.4033 103 )(0.5)

U AB U DB 0.2063 J

2 Ea AAB (2)(70 109 )(100 106 )

2

FBE LBE (4.8066 103 )2 (1.25 0.5)

U BE 0.4332 J

2 Es ABE (2)(200 109 )(100 106 )

Total: U U AB U DB U BE 0.846 J U 0.846 J

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1802

PROBLEM 11.13

10-mm diameter

6-mm diameter

Rods AB and BC are made of a steel for which the yield strength

B

A is Y 300 MPa and the modulus of elasticity is E 200 GPa.

a C Determine the maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the

P assembly without causing any permanent deformation when the

6m length a of rod AB is (a) 2 m, (b) 4 m.

SOLUTION

AAB (10) 2 78.54 mm 2 78.54 106 m 2

4

ABC (6)2 28.274 mm 2 28.274 10 6 m 2

4

P Y Amin (300 106 )(28.274 106 )

8.4822 103 N

P2L

U

2EA

(a) a 2m L a 6 2 4m

(8.4822 103 ) 2 (2) (8.4822 103 )2 (4)

U

(2)(200 109 )(78.54 106 ) (2)(200 109 )(28.274 106 )

4.5803 25.4466 30.0 N m 30.0 J

(b) a 4m L a 6 4 2m

(8.4822 103 ) 2 (4) (8.4822 103 )2 (2)

U

(2)(200 10 )(78.54 10 ) (2)(200 109 )(28.274 106 )

9 6

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1803

PROBLEM 11.14

Rod BC is made of a steel for which the yield strength is Y 300 MPa

C B and the modulus of elasticity is E 200 GPa. Knowing that a strain

energy of 10 J must be acquired by the rod when the axial load P is

P

applied, determine the diameter of the rod for which the factor of safety

1.8 m

with respect to permanent deformation is six.

SOLUTION

U Y (6)(10) 60 J

Y2 (300 106 ) 2

uY

2E (2)(200 109 )

225 103 J/m3

UY ALuY

UY 60

A

LuY (1.8)(225 103 )

148.148 106 m 2

A d2

4

4A (4)(148.148 106 )

d

3

13.73 10 m

d 13.73 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1804

PROBLEM 11.15

18-mm diameter C

The assembly ABC is made of a steel for which E 200 GPa

and Y 320 MPa. Knowing that a strain energy of 5 J must be

12-mm diameter

B acquired by the assembly as the axial load P is applied, determine

the factor of safety with respect to permanent deformation when

(a) x 300 mm, (b) x 600 mm.

A

x

900 mm

P

SOLUTION

AAB 2

d AB (12) 2 113.097 mm 2 113.097 106 m 2

4 4

ABC 2

d BC (18) 2 254.47 mm 2 254.47 106 m 2

4 4

Amin AAB

Force at yielding or allowable axial force.

2

P LAB P LBC P 2 LAB

2

L

UY U AB U BC BC

2 EAAB 2 EABC 2E AAB ABC

(36.191 103 ) 2 0.300 0.600

9 6

6

(2)(200 10 ) 113.097 10 254.97 10

(3.2745 103 )(2652.6 2353.2) 16.392 J

Applied energy: U 5J

UY 16.392

Factor of safety: F .S. 3.28

U 5

(b) x 600 mm: LAB 0.600 m, LBC 0.300 m

36.191 103 0.600 0.300

UY 9 6

6

(2)(200 10 ) 113.097 10 254.97 10

(3.2745 103 )(5305.2 1176.6) 21.225 J

UY 21.225

Factor of safety: F .S. 4.25

U 5

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1805

PROBLEM 11.16

A

Show by integration that the strain energy of the tapered rod AB is

2c

1 P2 L

U

c 4 EAmin

B P

L

where Amin is the cross-sectional area at end B.

SOLUTION

cx

Radius: r Amin c 2

L

c2

A r2 x2

L2

2 L P 2dx P2 2L L2 dx

U

L 2 EA

2E L c2 x2

2 2 2L

P L 1

x

2 E c 2 L

P 2 L2 1 1 P2 L

2L L U

2 EAmin 4 EAmin

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1806

2.55 in.

2.85 in. PROBLEM 11.17

2.10 in.

1.5 in.

Using E 10.6 106 psi, determine by approximate means the

P

maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the aluminum rod

3 in. shown if the allowable normal stress is all 22 ksi.

A

SOLUTION

Amin (1.5)2 1.7671 in 2

4

all 22,000 psi

Pall all Amin 38,877 lb

P 2dx P 2 dx 2 P 2 dx

U

2 EA 2 E d 2

E d2

4

Use Simpsons rule to compute the integral. h 1.5 in.

1 1.50 0.4444 1 0.4444

2 2.10 0.22675 4 0.9070

3 2.55 0.15379 2 0.3076

4 2.85 0.12311 4 0.4924

5 3.00 0.11111 1 0.1111

2.2625

B 1

dx h 1.5

A d 2

=

3

m 2 =

d 3

(2.2625) = 1.13125 in-1

(2)(38877) 2 (1.13125)

U U 102.7 in. lb

(10.6 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1807

B PROBLEM 11.18

P

1

A

2 l In the truss shown, all members are made of the same material and have the

C uniform cross-sectional area indicated. Determine the strain energy of the truss

1

2 l D

when the load P is applied.

A

SOLUTION

2

2 1 5

LBC LCD l l l

2 2

Joint C. (equilibrium)

2 2

Fx 0: FBC FCD 0

5 5

FCD FBC

1 1

Fy 0 : FBC FCD P 0

5 5

5 5

FBC P FCD P

2 2

Strain energy.

F 2L 1 2

U 2

FBC LBC FCD LCD

2 EA 2 EA

2 2

1 5 5 5 5

P l

P l

2 EA 2 2 2 2

P 2l

U 1.398

EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1808

l PROBLEM 11.19

P

A In the truss shown, all members are made of the same material and have the uniform

B C cross-sectional area indicated. Determine the strain energy of the truss when the

load P is applied.

308

SOLUTION

3 2

Fy 0: FCD P 0 FCD P

2 3

1 1

Fx 0: FBC FCD 0 FBC P

2 3

F 2L 1 F 2L

U

2 EA 2 E A

Member F L A F2L/A

1 1 2

BC P l A P l /A

3 3

2 8 2

CD P 2l A P l /A

3 3

3P 2l /A

1 P 2l P 2l

U 3 U 1.5

2 E A EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1809

l PROBLEM 11.20

P

A In the truss shown, all members are made of the same material and have the uniform

B C cross-sectional area indicated. Determine the strain energy of the truss when the

load P is applied.

A A

30

SOLUTION

Equilibrium of joint C.

3 2

Fy 0: FCD P 0 FCD P

2 3

1 1

Fx 0: FBC FCD 0 FBC P

2 3

Equilibrium of joint D.

3

Fy 0: FBD FCD 0 FBD P

2

1 F 2L 1 F 2L

Strain energy. U

2 EA 2E A

Member F L A F2L/A

BC 1

P l A 1 2

P l/A

3 3

CD 2

P 2l A 8 2

P l/A

3 3

BD P 3l A 3P 2l/A

4.732P2l/A

1 P 2l P 2l

U 4.732 U 2.37

2E A EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1810

P PROBLEM 11.21

C In the truss shown, all members are made of the same material and have the uniform

2A 2A cross-sectional area indicated. Determine the strain energy of the truss when the load

3

4 l P is applied.

A D

B

SOLUTION

3 3

Fx 0: FCD FCB 0

5 5

FCB FCD

4

Fy 0: P 2 FCD 0

5

5

FCB FCD P

8

3

Fx 0: FBD FCD 0

5

3

FBD FCD 0

5

3 5 3

FBD P P

5 8 8

F 2L 1 F 2L

U

2 EA 2E A

1 179 2

Pl

2 E 384 A

179 P 2l P 2l

U 0.233

768 EA EA

Member F L A F 2 L /A

5 5 125 2

CB P l 2A P l /A

8 6 768

5 5 125 2

CD P l 2A P l /A

8 6 768

3 9 2

BD P l A P l /A

8 64

179 2

P l /A

384

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1811

80 kN PROBLEM 11.22

2500 mm2

C 30 kN Each member of the truss shown is made of aluminum and has the

cross-sectional area shown. Using E 72 GPa, determine the strain

2000 mm2 energy of the truss for loading shown.

2.4 m

D

B

2.2 m

1m

SOLUTION

Lengths of members:

LBC (3.22 2.42 )1/ 2 4 m

LCD (12 2.42 )1/ 2 2.6 m

E 72 GPa 72 109 Pa

Forces in kN.

Equilibrium of truss.

M B 0: (30)(2.4) (80)(3.2) Dy (2.2) 0

Dy 83.636 kN

Fy 0: Dy By 80 0

83.636 By 80 0 By 3.636 kN

Member forces.

4m 4

FBC By (3.636 kN) 6.061 kN

2.4 m 2.4

2.6 m 2.6

FCD Dy (83.636 kN) 90.606 kN

2.4 m 2.4

Fi Li

Strain energy. U U BC U CD

2 AE

2

FBC LBC F2 L (6.061 103 )2 (4) (90.606 103 )2 (2.6)

U CD CD

2 EABC 2 EACD (2)(72 10 )(2 10 ) (2)(72 109 )(2.5 103 )

9 3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1812

B PROBLEM 11.23

3 in2

2.5 ft

2 in2 C 24 kips Each member of the truss shown is made of aluminum and has the

cross-sectional area shown. Using E 10.5 106 psi, determine the

2.5 ft strain energy of the truss for the loading shown.

5 in2 40 kips

D

6 ft

SOLUTION

Joint C:

6 6

Fx 0: FBC FCD 24 0 (1)

6.5 6.5

2.5 2.5

Fy 0: FBC FCD 40 0 (2)

6.5 6.5

Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously,

FBC 65 kips FCD 39 kips

Joint D

2.5

Fy 0: FBD FCD 0 FBD 15 kips

6.5

F 2L 1 F 2L

U

2 EA 2 E A

BC 65 78 3 109.85

BD 15 60 2 6.75

CD 39 78 5 23.73

140.33

140.33 109

U 6682 lb in. 6.68 kip in.

(2)(10.5 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1813

w PROBLEM 11.24

B Taking into account only the effect of normal stresses, determine the strain

A energy of the prismatic beam AB for the loading shown.

L

SOLUTION

v

M K 0: M (wv) 0

2

1

M wv 2

2

2

L M2 1 L 1 2

U

0 2 EI

dv

2 EI

0

2 wv dv

L

w2 L w2 v 5

4

v dv

8 EI 0 8 EI 5 0

w2 L5 w2 L5

U

40EI 40 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1814

P PROBLEM 11.25

D

A B Taking into account only the effect of normal stresses, determine the strain

energy of the prismatic beam AB for the loading shown.

a L

SOLUTION

M D 0: aP LRB 0

aP aP

RB

L L

M Px

a

a M2 1 a 2 2 P 2 x3 P 2a3

U AD 0 dx 0

P x dx

2 EI 2EI 2 EI 3 0

6 EI

aP

M v

L

L M2 1 L a2P2 2

U DB 0 dv v dv

2 EI 2 EI 0 L2

L

P 2a 2 L 2 P 2a 2 v3 P 2a 2 L

v dv

2EIL2 0 2 EIL2 3 0

6EI

P 2a 2

Total: U U AD U DB U (a L)

6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1815

P P PROBLEM 11.26

a a

D E

A B Taking into account only the effect of normal stresses, determine the strain

energy of the prismatic beam AB for the loading shown.

SOLUTION

Fy 0: RA RB 2 P 0 RA RB P

a

a M2 P2 a P 2 x3 P 2 a3

U AD 0 2 EI

dx

2 EI 0

x 2 dx

2 EI 3 0

6 EI

P 2 a 2 ( L 2a )

Over portion DE, M Pa U DE

2 EI

Over portion EB,

By symmetry,

P 2 a3

U EB U AD

6 EI

P2 a2

Total: U U AD U DE U EB U (3L 4a )

6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1816

M0 PROBLEM 11.27

A B

D Taking into account only the effect of normal stresses, determine the

strain energy of the prismatic beam AB for the loading shown.

a b

L

SOLUTION

M0

M B 0: RA L M 0 0 RA

L

M0

M A 0: RB L M 0 0 RB

L

M0x

A to D: M J 0: M 0

L

M0x

M

L

a M 2 dx M 02 a M 02 a3

U AD 0 2 EI

2 EIL2 0

x 2 dx

6 EIL2

M 0v

D to B: M K 0: M

L

M 0v

M

L

b M 2 dv M 02 b M 02b3

U DB 0 2 EI

2 EIL2 0

v 2 dv

6 EIL2

M 02 (a3 b3 )

Total: U U AD U DB U

6 EIL2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1817

8 kips PROBLEM 11.28

A

D

B

Using E 29 106 psi, determine the strain energy due to

bending for the steel beam and loading shown. (Neglect the

S8 3 18.4

effect of shearing stresses.)

6 ft 3 ft

SOLUTION

M D 0: RA L aP 0

aP

RA

L

aP

Over portion AD: M x

L

2

L M2 1 L aP

U AD 0 dx x dx

2EI 2 EI 0 L

P 2a 2 L 2

x dx

2EIL2 0

P 2a 2 L

6 EI

Over portion DB: M Pv

a M2 1 a 2 2 P 2a3

U BD 0 dv 0

P x dx

2 EI 2 EI 6EI

P 2a 2

Total: U U AD U DB ( a L)

6 EI

Data: P 8000 lb, L 6 ft 72 in., a 3 ft 36 in., E 29 106 psi

I 57.5 in 4

(8000) 2 (36) 2 (72 36)

U

(6)(29 106 )(57.5)

U 895 in. lb

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1818

2 kips 2 kips 1.5 in.

PROBLEM 11.29

B C Using E 29 106 psi, determine the strain energy due to bending for

A D D the steel beam and loading shown. (Neglect the effect of shearing

3 in.

stresses.)

60 in.

15 in. 15 in.

SOLUTION

Over A to B: M Px

a M 2 dx P 2 a P 2 a3

U AB 0 2 EI

2 EI 0

x 2 dx

6 EI

Over B to C: M Pa constant

M 2b P 2 a 2b

U BC

2 EI 2 EI

P 2 a3

By symmetry, U CD U AB

6 EI

P 2 a 2 (2a 3b)

Total: U U AB U BC U CD

6 EI

1

I (1.5)(3)3 3.375 in 4

12

(2 103 )2 (15)2[(2)(15) (3)(60)]

U U 322 in. lb

(6)(29 106 )(3.375)

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1819

180 kN PROBLEM 11.30

W360 64

C

A B Using E 200 GPa, determine the strain energy due to bending for the

steel beam and loading shown. (Neglect the effect of shearing stresses.)

2.4 m 2.4 m

4.8 m

SOLUTION

1

Over portion AC, M Px

2

L/2 M2 P2 L/2

U AC 0 2 EI

dx

8 EI 0

x 2 dx

L/2

P 2 x3 P 2 L3

8EI 3 0

192 EI

P 2 L3

By symmetry, U CB U AC

192 EI

P 2 L3

Total: U U AC U CB

96 EI

I 178 106 mm 4 178 106 m 4

(180 103 ) 2 (4.8)3

U 1048 N m U 1048J

(96)(200 109 )(178 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1820

80 kN 80 kN PROBLEM 11.31

W310 74

D E

A B Using E 200 GPa, determine the strain energy due to bending for

the steel beam and loading shown. (Neglect the effect of shearing

1.6 m 1.6 m 1.6 m stresses.)

4.8 m

SOLUTION

a M2 1 a

U AD 0 2 EI

dx

2 EI 0

( Px)2 dx

a

P 2 x3 P 2 a3

2 EI 3 0

6 EI

( Pa)2 a P 2a3

U DE

2EI 2 EI

P 2a3

By symmetry, U EB U AD

6EI

5 P 2a3

U U AD U DE U EB

6 EI

Data: P 80 103 N, a 1.6 m, E 200 109 Pa

I 163 106 mm 4 163 106 m 4

5 (80 103 ) 2 (1.6)3

U 670 N m U 670 J

6 (200 109 )(163 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1821

PROBLEM 11.32

w Assuming that the prismatic beam AB has a rectangular cross section, show

that for the given loading the maximum value of the strain-energy density

in the beam is

B

A

45 U

umax

L 8 V

SOLUTION

L 1

M B 0: RA L ( wL) 0 RA wL

2 2

1 2 1

M RA x wL w( Lx x 2 )

2 2

L M w2 L

U 0 2 EI

dx

8 EI 0

( L2 x 2 2 Lx3 x 4 )dx

L

w2 L2 x3 2 Lx 4 x5

8 EI 3 4 5

0

w2 L5 1 1 1

3 2 5

8 EI

w2 L5

240 EI

1 L L 1 2

2

M max w L wL

2 2 2 8

M max c wL2 c

max

I 8I

max

2

w2 L4 c 2

umax

2E 128 EI 2

U

1

8 LI 8 L 12 bd

3

umax 15c 2 15 d2

2

8 8

Lbd V

45 45

45 U

umax

8 V

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1822

A

PROBLEM 11.33

TA 5 300 N m

In the assembly shown, torques TA and TB are exerted on disks A and B,

0.9 m

30 mm respectively. Knowing that both shafts are solid and made of aluminum

B (G 73 GPa), determine the total strain energy acquired by the

TB 5 400 N m

assembly.

0.75 m

46 mm

C

SOLUTION

4

30 9 4

J AB c4 3 4

79.52 10 mm 79.52 10 m

2 2 2

LAB 0.9 m

2

TAB LAB (300) 2 (0.9)

U AB

2GJ AB (2)(73 109 )(79.52 109 )

6.977 J

Over portion BC: TBC TA TB 300 400 700 N m,

LBC 0.75 m

4

46 3 4 9 4

J BC 439.57 10 mm 439.57 10 m

2 2

2

TBC LBC (700)2 (0.75)

U BC 5.726 J

2GJ BC (2)(73 109 )(439.57 109 )

Total: U U AB U BC 6.977 5.726 12.70 J

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1823

PROBLEM 11.34

36 in. The design specifications for the steel shaft AB require that the shaft

B acquire a strain energy of 400 in. lb as the 25-kip in. torque is applied.

Using G 11.2 106 psi, determine (a) the largest inner diameter of the

shaft that can be used, (b) the corresponding maximum shearing stress in

A the shaft.

2.5 in.

25 kip in.

SOLUTION

U 400 in. lb

T 25 kip in. 25 103 lb in.

L 48 in.

T 2L

U

2GJ

T 2L (25 103 ) 2 (48)

J 3.3482 in 4

2GU (2)(11.2 106 )(400)

d 0 d

4 4

4

But J i

2 2 2 32

d 0 di4

32

(a) di4 d 04 J

32

2.54 (3.3482)

4.9580 in 4

di 1.492 in.

Tc0

(b)

J

(25 103 )(1.25)

2.5112

9.33 103 psi

9.33 ksi

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1824

PROBLEM 11.35

A Show by integration that the strain energy in the tapered rod AB is

2c

7 T 2L

U

c T

48 GJ min

B

where J min is the polar moment of inertia of the rod at end B.

L

SOLUTION

cx

r

L

c4

J r4 x 4 , J min c4

2 2 L4 2

2 L T 2 dx 2L T 2 dx

U

L 2GJ

L c4 4

2G 4

x

2 L

T 2 L4 2L dx

2GJ min L x4

2L

T 2 L4 1

2GJ min 3x3 L

T 2 L4 1 1 7 T 2L

U 3

3 U

2GJ min 3(2 L) 3L 48 GJ min

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1825

y PROBLEM 11.36

20 MPa The state of stress shown occurs in a machine component made of a

brass for which Y 160 MPa. Using the maximum-distortion-energy

criterion, determine the range of values of z for which yield does not

75 MPa occur.

z

100 MPa

z

x

SOLUTION

1

ave (100 20)

2

60 MPa

x y 100 20

2 2

40 MPa

xy 75 MPa

2

x y

xy

2

R

2

402 752

85 MPa

a ave R

145 MPa

b ave R

25 MPa

c z

( a b )2 ( b c ) 2 ( c a ) 2 2 Y2

(145 25) 2 (25 z ) 2 ( z 145) 2 (2)(160) 2

28,900 (625 50 z z2 ) ( z2 290 z 21,025) 51,200

2 z2 240 z 650 0

z 60 62.65

(2)(2)

z 122.65 MPa, 2.65 MPa

2.65 MPa < z < 122.65 MPa

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1826

y PROBLEM 11.37

20 MPa The state of stress shown occurs in a machine component made of a

brass for which Y 160 MPa. Using the maximum-distortion-energy

criterion, determine whether yield occurs when (a) z 45 MPa,

75 MPa (b) z 45 MPa.

z

100 MPa

z

x

SOLUTION

1

ave (100 20)

2

60 MPa

x y 100 20

2 2

40 MPa

xy 75 MPa

2

x y

xy

2

R

2

402 752

85 MPa

a ave R 145 MPa

b ave R 25 MPa

c z

?

( a b ) 2 ( b c )2 ( c a )2 2 Y2

(a) c z 45 MPa

?

(145 25) 2 (25 45) 2 (45 145) 2 2(160)2 51,200

28,900 4900 10,000 43,800 51,200 (No yield.)

(b) c z 45 MPa

?

(145 25) 2 (25 45)2 (45 145)2 51,200

28,900 400 36,100 65,400 51,200 (Yield occurs.)

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1827

y PROBLEM 11.38

grade of steel for which Y 65 ksi. Using the maximum-distortion-

energy criterion, determine the range of values of y for which the

factor of safety associated with the yield strength is equal to or larger

8 ksi than 2.2.

z x

14 ksi

SOLUTION

1

ave (0 8)

2

4 ksi

x z 8 0

2 2

4 ksi

xz 14 ksi

2

z

xz

2

R x

2

42 142

14.56 ksi

a ave R

18.56 ksi

b ave R

10.56 ksi

c y

2

( a b ) 2 ( b c )2 ( c a )2 2 Y

F .S .

2

65

(18.56 10.56)2 (10.56 y ) 2 ( y 18.56)2 2

2.2

847.97 (111.51 21.12 y y2 ) ( y2 37.12 y 344.47) 1745.87

2 y2 16 y 441.92 0

16 162 (4)(2)(441.92)

y

(2)(2)

4 15.39

y 19.39 ksi, 11.39 ksi

11.39 ksi y 19.39 ksi

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1828

y PROBLEM 11.39

grade of steel for which Y 65 ksi. Using the maximum-distortion-

energy criterion, determine the factor of safety associated with the

yield strength when (a) y 16 ksi, (b) y 16 ksi.

8 ksi

z x

14 ksi

SOLUTION

1

ave (0 8)

2

4 ksi

x z 8 0

2 2

4 ksi

xz 14 ksi

2

z

R x xz

2

2

42 142

14.56 ksi

a ave R

18.56

b ave R

10.56

c y

2

( a b ) 2 ( b c )2 ( c a )2 2 Y

F .S .

(a) c y 16 ksi

2

65

(18.56 10.56) 2 (10.56 16)2 (16 18.56) 2 2

F .S .

8450

847.97 705.43 6.55 F .S . 2.33

( F .S .) 2

(b) c y 16 ksi

2

65

(18.56 10.56) 2 (10.56 16) 2 (16 18.56)2 2

F .S .

8450

847.97 29.59 1194.39 F .S . 2.02

( F .S .)2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1829

b PROBLEM 11.40

M0

A B d

into account the effect of both normal and shearing stresses.

SOLUTION

M0 M

Reactions: RA , RB 0

L L

M0

Shear: V

L

M0

Bending moment: M v

L

For bending,

L M2 M 02 L

U1 0 2 EI

dv

2 EIL 2 0

v 2 dv

M L3 M 2 L

0 2 0

6 EIL 6 EI

For shear,

3V y2 1

xy 1 2 c d

2 A c 2

2

xy

2

9V 2 y2 9 M 02 y2 y4

u 1 1 2 2 4

2G 8GA2 c 2 8G (bd ) 2 L2

c c

L c 2

9M 0 b L c y2 y4

U 2 u dv 0 c

ub dy dx

8Gb 2 d 2 L2 0 c

1 2 dy dx

c 2 c 4

c

9M 02 L 2 y3 1 y5 9 M 02 L 4 2

8Gb d L 2 2 0

y

3 c 2 5 c 4

dx

8Gb d 2 L2 0

2c 3 c 5 c dx

c

9M 02 16 6 M 02 c 3 M 02

c L

8Gb d 2 L2 15 5 Gb d 2 L 5 Gb dL

M 02 L 3 M 02

Total: U U1 U 2

6 EI 5 Gb dL

1

with I bd3

12

2 M 02 L 3 M 02 2 M 02 L 3Ed 2

U U 3

1

Eb d 3 5 Gb dL Eb d 10GL2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1830

PROBLEM 11.41*

B

R2 R1 Q A vibration isolation support is made by

A

A bonding a rod A, of radius R1, and a tube

B, of inner radius R2, to a hollow rubber

B cylinder. Denoting by G the modulus of

A L rigidity of the rubber, determine the strain

Q energy of the hollow rubber cylinder for

(a) (b) the loading shown.

SOLUTION

Fx 0: (2 rL) Q 0

Q

2 rL

2 Q2

u

2G 8 2 r 2 L2 G

Q2 dV Q2 L R2 2 r dr

U u dV 2 2

8 GL

r 2 8 2 GL2 0 R1 r2

dx

lnr dx

Q2 L R2 dr Q2 L Q2 R

R2

dx U ln 2

4 GL2 0 R1 r 4 GL2 0 R1

4 GL R1

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1831

PROBLEM 11.42

V0

A

B A 5-kg collar D moves along the uniform rod AB and has a speed

v0 6 m/s when it strikes a small plate attached to end A of the

D rod. Using E 200 GPa and knowing that the allowable stress in

the rod is 250 MPa, determine the smallest diameter that can be

1.2 m

used for the rod.

SOLUTION

1 2 1

Um mv0 (5)(6) 2 90 J

2 2

P L ( A max ) 2 L

2

Um m

2 EA 2 EA

2 EU m (2)(200 109 )(90)

A 2 480 106 m 2

max L (250 106 )2 (1.2)

4A (4)(480 106 )

d2 A d 24.7 103 m d 24.7 mm

4

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1832

A B PROBLEM 11.43

v0

E

The 18-lb cylindrical block E has a horizontal velocity v0 when it strikes

squarely the yoke BD that is attached to the 78 -in.-diameter rods AB

and CD. Knowing that the rods are made of a steel for which Y 50 ksi

C D and E 29 106 psi, determine the maximum allowable speed v0 if the

3.5 ft

rods are not to be permanently deformed.

SOLUTION

F Y A.

Corresponding strain energy:

2

FAB LAB 2 A2 L Y2 AL

U AB Y

2 EAAB 2EA 2E

2

FCD LCD 2 AL

U CD Y

2 EACD 2E

Y2 AL

Total: U m U AB U CD

E

1 2 1W 2

Um mv0 v0

2 2 g

2 gU m 2 g Y2 AL

Solving for v02 , v02

W EW

2 g Y2 AL

v0

EW

Data: g 32.17 ft/s 2 386 in./s 2 Y 50 103 psi

2

7

A d2 2

0.60132 in , E 29 106 psi

4 48

L 3.5 ft 42 in. W 18 lb

(2)(386)(50 103 )2 (0.60132)(42)

v0 305.6 in./sec

(29 106 )(18)

v0 25.5 ft/sec

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1833

A B PROBLEM 11.44

v0

E

The cylindrical block E has a speed v0 16 ft/s when it strikes squarely the

yoke BD that is attached to the 78 -in.-diameter rods AB and CD. Knowing that

the rods are made of a steel for which Y 50 ksi and E 29 106 psi,

C D determine the weight of block E for which the factor of safety is five with

3.5 ft

respect to permanent deformation of the rods.

SOLUTION

F Y A.

Corresponding strain energy:

2

FAB LAB Y2 A2 L Y2 AL

U AB

2 EAAB 2 EA 2E

Y2 AL

U CD U AB

2E

Y2 AL

U m U AB U CD

E

1 1W 2

U m mv02 ( F .S .) v0 ( F .S .)

2 2 g

2 gU m 2 g Y2 AL

Solving for W, W

v02 ( F .S .) v02 ( F .S .) E

2

7

A d2 0.60132 in 2 E 29 106 psi

4 4 8

L 3.5 ft 42 in. F .S . 5

W W 9.12 lb

(192) 2 (5)(29 106 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1834

PROBLEM 11.45

A

The 35-kg collar D is released from rest in the position shown and is

2m 40-mm diameter stopped by a plate attached at end C of the vertical rod ABC. Knowing that

E 200 GPa for both portions of the rod, determine the distance h for

which the maximum stress in the rod is 250 MPa.

B

30-mm diameter

m

1.5 m D

h

SOLUTION

Pm all ABC (250 MPa) (0.030 m) 2 176.7 kN

4

Maximum strain energy (for Pm 176.7 kN )

Pm2 Li Pm2 Li (176.7 kN) 2 2m 1.5 m

Um

2 Ai E 2 E Ai 2(200 GPa) (0.040 m)2

(0.030 m)2

4 4

U m 78.06 103[1591.6 2122.1] 289.9 J

1

Max. deflection: Pm m U m

2

1

(176.7 kN) m 289.9 J

2

m 3.28 103 m 3.28 mm

Work of weight U m

W (h m ) U m

(mg )(h m ) U m

(35 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(h m ) 289.9 J

h m 0.8443 m 844.3 mm

h 844.3 m 844.3 3.28 h 841 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1835

PROBLEM 11.46

A

The 15-kg collar D is released from rest in the position shown and is

2m 40-mm diameter stopped by a plate attached at end C of the vertical rod ABC. Knowing that

E 200 GPa for both portions of the rod, determine (a) the maximum

deflection of end C, (b) the equivalent static load, (c) the maximum stress

B

30-mm diameter that occurs in the rod.

m

1.5 m D

h

SOLUTION

E 200 GPa

Pm Li Pm Li Pm 2m 1.5 m

(a) m

Ai E E Ai 200 GPa (0.04 m)2 (0.03 m) 2

4 4

m 18.57 109 Pm

Pm 53.85 106 m

1 1

Strain energy: Um Pm m (53.85 106 ) m

2

2 2

Weight falls distance of h m

Work of weight strain energy

W (h m )

1

2

53.85 106 m

2

(1)

For h 0.5 m

Eq. (1): 343.4(0.5 m ) 26.93 106 2m

(b) Pm 53.85 106 m (53.85 106 )(2.531 103 m) Pm 136.3 kN

Pm 136.3 kN

(c) m 192.82 MPa m 192.8 MPa

ABC

(0.030 m) 2

4

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1836

A C E PROBLEM 11.47

The 48-kg collar G is released from rest in the position shown and is stopped by

plate BDF that is attached to the 20-mm-diameter steel rod CD and to the

15-mm-diameter steel rods AB and EF. Knowing that for the grade of steel used

all 180 MPa and E 200 GPa, determine the largest allowable distance h.

2.5 m

B D F

SOLUTION

AB L CD L EF L

Let m be the maximum elongation. m

E E E

AB CD EF 180 MPa 180 106 Pa

L 2.5 m E 200 109 Pa

(180 106 )(2.5)

m 0.00225 m

200 109

Fm2 L ( EA m /L) 2 L 2

EA m

For each rod, U

2 EA 2 EA 2L

Rod CD: ACD (20)2 314.16 mm 2 314.16 106 m 2

4

U CD 63.617 J

(2)(2.5)

Rods AB and EF: AAB AEF (15) 2 176.71 mm 2 176.71 106 m 2

4

U AB U EF 35.674 J

(2)(2.5)

Work of falling collar:

U m mg (h m ) (48)(9.81)(h m )

h 0.28662 0.00225 0.285 m h 285 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1837

A PROBLEM 11.48

C post AB squarely as shown. Using E 29 106 psi, determine the

largest speed v0 for which the maximum normal stress in the pipe does not

7.5 ft exceed 18 ksi.

W5 16

SOLUTION

Maximum bending moment:

M m m S x (18 ksi)(8.55 in 3 ) 153.9 kip in.

Equivalent force: Pm L M m

M m 153.9 kip in.

Pm 1.71 kips 1710 lb

L 90 in.

From Appendix D,

Pm L3 1710)(90)3

ym 0.66956 in.

3EI (3)(29 106 )(21.4)

1 1

Um Pm ym (1710)(0.66956) 572.48 in. lb

2 2

47.706 ft lb

1W 2

Kinetic energy: T v0

2 g

25

T v02 0.3882v02 ft lb

(2)(32.2)

Equating, T Um

0.3882v02 47.706

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1838

A PROBLEM 11.49

v0 Solve Prob. 11.48, assuming that the post AB has rotated 90 about its

C longitudinal axis.

velocity v0 hits the post AB squarely as shown. Using E 29 106 psi,

B determine the largest speed v0 for which the maximum normal stress in

the pipe does not exceed 18 ksi.

W5 16

SOLUTION

Maximum bending moment:

M m m S y (18 ksi)(3.00 in 3 ) 54.0 kip in.

Equivalent force: Pm L M m

Mm 54.0 kip in.

Pm 0.600 kips 600 lb

L 90 in.

From Appendix D,

Pm L3 600)(90)3

ym 0.66945 in.

3EI (3)(29 106 )(7.51)

1 1

Um Pm ym (600)(0.66945) 200.83 in. lb

2 2

16.736 ft lb

1W 2

Kinetic energy: T v0

2 g

25

T v02 0.3882v02 ft lb

(2)(32.2)

Equating, T Um

0.3882v02 16.736

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1839

PROBLEM 11.50

0.9 m

0.9 m

squarely in its midsection by a 6-kg block moving

C t = 10 mm horizontally with a speed of 2 m/s. Using E 70 GPa,

100 mm 80 mm determine (a) the equivalent static load, (b) the maximum

stress in the beam, (c) the maximum deflection at the

100 mm

v0 midpoint C of the beam.

A

SOLUTION

1 2 1

Kinetic energy: T mv0 (6 kg)(2 m/s) 2 12 J

2 2

Moment of inertia.

Aluminium

E 70 GPa

1

I aa [80 1003 60 803 ]

12

4.1067 106 mm 4

4.1067 106 m 4

Pm L3

From Appendix D: ym

48EI

1 P 2 L3

Um Pm ym m

2 96 EI

Pm2 (1.8 m)3

(a) Um T : 12 J Pm 7535.5 N

96(70 GPa)(4.1067 106 m 4 )

Pm 7.54 kN

1 1

(b) Mm Pm L (7535.5 N)(1.8 m) 3391 N m

4 4

M c (3391 N m)(0.050 m)

m m 41.28 MPa

I 4.1067 106 m 4

m 41.3 MPa

3 3

Pm L (7535.5 N)(1.8 m)

(c) ym 3.184 103 m

48EI 48(70 GPa)(4.1067 106 m 4 )

ym 3.18 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1840

PROBLEM 11.51

Solve Prob. 11.50, assuming that the tube has been replaced

0.9 m

by a solid aluminum bar with the same outside dimensions as

B the tube.

0.9 m

100 mm 80 mm section shown is struck squarely in its midsection by a 6-kg

100 mm block moving horizontally with a speed of 2 m/s. Using

v0

A E 70 GPa, determine (a) the equivalent static load, (b) the

maximum stress in the beam, (c) the maximum deflection at

the midpoint C of the beam.

SOLUTION

1

Ia 80 1003 6.667 106 m 4

12

Follow solution of Prob. 10.50: T 12 J

Pm L2 1 P 2 L3

ym ; U m Pm ym m

48EI 2 96EI

Pm2 (1.8 m)3

(a) Um T : 12 J Pm 9601 N

96(70 GPa)(6.667 106 m 4 )

Pm 9.60 kN

1 1

(b) Mm Pm L (9601 N)(1.8 m) 4320.5 N m

4 4

M c (4320.5 N m)(0.05 m)

m m 32.40 MPa

I 6.667 106 m 4

m 32.4 MPa

Pm L3 (9601 N)(1.8 m)3

(c) ym 2.500 103 m

48EI 48(70 GPa)(6.667 106 m 4 )

ym 2.50 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1841

PROBLEM 11.52

D

2 kg

40 mm The 2-kg block D is dropped from the position shown onto the end of a 16-mm-

A

B diameter rod. Knowing that E 200 GPa, determine (a) the maximum deflection

0.6 m

of end A, (b) the maximum bending moment in the rod, (c) the maximum normal

stress in the rod.

SOLUTION

4 4

d 16

I 3.2170 103 mm 4

42 4 2

3.2170 109 m 4

d

c 8 mm 8 103 m LAB 0.6 m

2

Appendix D, Case 1:

Pm L3AB

ym M m Pm LAB

3EI

3EI (3)(200 109 )(3.217 109 )

Pm 3 ym 3

8.9361 103 ym

LAB (0.6)

1 1

Um Pm ym (8.9361 103 ) ym2 4.4681 103 ym2

2 2

Work of dropped weight: mg (h ym ) (2)(9.81)(0.040 ym )

0.7848 19.62 ym

Equating work and energy,

0.7848 19.62 ym 4.4681 103 ym2

ym2 4.3911 103 ym 175.645 106 0

(a) ym

1

24.3911 103 (4.3911 103 ) 2 (4)(175.645 106 )

15.629 103 m ym 15.63 mm

|M m | c (83.8)(8 103 )

(c) m 9

208 106 Pa m 208 MPa

I 3.2170 10

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1842

D

m 40 mm

PROBLEM 11.53

h

A B The 10-kg block D is dropped from a height h 450 mm onto the

E aluminum beam AB. Knowing that E 70 GPa, determine (a) the

60 mm

maximum deflection of point E, (b) the maximum stress in the beam.

0.4 m

1.2 m

SOLUTION

1

I (40)(60)3 720 103 mm 4 720 109 m 4

12

1

S (40)(60) 2 24 103 mm3 24 106 m3

6

Pma 2b 2

Appendix D: ym

3EIL

Pm (0.4 m)2 (0.8 m) 2

ym

3(70 GPa)(720 109 )(1.2 m)

1 1

Um Pm ym (1.772 106 ym ) ym 885.9 103 ym2

2 2

Work of weight W (h ym ) mg (h ym )

(10 kg)(9.81 m/s 2 )(0.45 m ym ) 885.9 103 ym2

885.9 103 ym2 98.1ym 44.145 0

Solve quadratic: ym 7.114 103 m ym 7.11 mm

(b) Pm 1.772 106 ym 1.772 106 (7.114 103 m)

Pm 12.61 kN

ab (0.4 m)(0.8 m)

M m M E Pm (12.61 kN)

L 1.2 m

M m 3.363 kN m

c M 3.363 kN m

m Mm m

I S 24 106 m3

m 140.11 MPa

m 140.1 MPa

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1843

D

4 lb

PROBLEM 11.54

1.5 in. B

A C The 4-lb block D is dropped from the position shown onto the end of a

5

8

-in.-diameter rod. Knowing that E 29 106 psi, determine (a) the

maximum deflection at point A, (b) the maximum bending moment in

the rod, (c) the maximum normal stress in the rod.

2 ft 2 ft

SOLUTION

Use Appendix D.

Pm L3 Pm L3

y2 y1 L B

3EI 3EI

2Pm L3 2 Pm L3

ym y1 y2 ym

3EI 3EI

1 1 3EI 3EI 2

Um Pm ym 3 ym ym

2 2 2L 4 L3

W ( h ym ) U m

3EI 2

W ( h ym ) ym (1)

4 L3

Substitute given data:

3(29 106 psi)(7.49 103 in 4 ) 2

(4 lb)(1.5 in. ym ) ym

4(24 in.)3

(a) 6 4 ym 11.784 ym2

Solve quadratic: ym 0.9032 in. ym 0.903 in.

3EI 3(29 106 psi)(7.49 103 m 4 )

(b) Pm y m (0.9032 in.) 21.29 lb

2L3 2(24 in.)3

M m M E PmL (21.29 lb)(24 in.) 510.96 lb in.

M m 511 lb in.

M mc M 510.96 lb in.

(c) m m m 21.3 ksi

I S 23.97 103 in 3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1844

PROBLEM 11.55

2.65 in.

diving board having the uniform cross section shown.

B 20 in. Assuming that the divers legs remain rigid and using

A

C E 1.8 106 psi, determine (a) the maximum deflection at

point C, (b) the maximum normal stress in the board, (c) the

2.5 ft

9.5 ft 16 in. equivalent static load.

SOLUTION

1

I (16)(2.65)3 24.813 in 4

12

L 9.5 ft 114 in.

a 2.5 ft 30 in.

1

c (2.65) 1.325 in.

2

P L

Over portion AB: M m x

a

a M2 P 2 L2 a 2 P 2 L2 a

U AB

0 2 EI

dx m 2

2 EIa 0

x dx m

6 EI

Over portion BC: M Pm v

L M2 P2 L Pm2 L3

U BC

0 2 EIdv m

2 EI 0

v 2 dv

6 EI

Pm2 L2 (a L)

Total: U U AB U BC

6 EI

1 2U m Pm L2 (a L)

Pm ym U m ym

2 Pm 3EI

Pm y m ym 71.598 ym

L2 (a L) (114)2 (114 30)

1

U m Pm ym 35.799 ym2

2

Work of weight: W (h ym ) (160)(20 ym ) 3200 160 ym

Equating: 3200 160 ym 35.799 ym2

ym2 4.4694 ym 89.388 0

(a) ym

1

24.4694 4.46942 (4)(89.388) ym 11.95 in.

M m (856)(114) 97,535 lb in.

Mm c (97,535)(1.325)

(b) m 5210 psi m 5.21 ksi

I 24.813

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1845

PROBLEM 11.56

W beam AB and hits it at point D. (a) Show that the maximum deflection

ym at point D can be expressed as

h

D

A B 2h

ym yst 1 1

ym yst

D'

applied at that point and where the quantity in parenthesis is referred to

as the impact factor. (b) Compute the impact factor for the beam and

the impact of Prob. 11.52.

D

2 kg

40 mm PROBLEM 11.52 The 2-kg block D is dropped from the position

A shown onto the end of a 16-mm-diameter rod. Knowing that

B

E 200 GPa, determine (a) the maximum deflection of end A, (b) the

0.6 m

maximum bending moment in the rod, (c) the maximum normal stress

in the rod.

SOLUTION

1 1

Strain energy: U Pym kym2

2 2

where k is the spring constant for a load applied at point D.

Equating work and energy,

1 2

W ( h ym ) kym

2

2W 2W

ym2 ym h0

k k

W

ym2 2 yst ym 2 yst h 0 where yst

k

(a) ym ym yst 1 1

2 yst

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1846

PROBLEM 11.56 (Continued)

4

16

E 200 10 Pa9

I 3.217 103 mm 4 3.217 109 m 4

4 2

L 0.6 m h 40 mm 40 103 m

WL3

Using Appendix D, Case 1, yst

3EI

(19.62)(0.6)3

yst 2.196 103 m

(3)(200 109 )(3.217 109 )

2h (2)(40 103 )

36.44

yst 2.196 103

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1847

PROBLEM 11.57

W

A block of weight W is dropped from a height h onto the horizontal

h beam AB and hits point D. (a) Denoting by ym the exact value of

D the maximum deflection at D and by ym the value obtained by

A B neglecting the effect of this deflection on the change in potential

ym

energy of the block, show that the absolute value of the relative

D' error is ( ym ym )/ym , never exceeding ym /2h. (b) Check the result

obtained in part a by solving part a of Prob. 11.52 without taking ym

into account when determining the change in potential energy of the

D load, and comparing the answer obtained in this way with the exact

2 kg answer to that problem.

40 mm

A

B PROBLEM 11.52 The 2-kg block D is dropped from the position

0.6 m shown onto the end of a 16-mm-diameter rod. Knowing that

E 200 GPa, determine (a) the maximum deflection of end A,

(b) the maximum bending moment in the rod, (c) the maximum

normal stress in the rod.

SOLUTION

1 1

U Pm ym kym2

2 2

where k is the spring constant for a load at point D.

Work of falling weight: exact: Work W (h ym )

approximate : Work Wh

1 2

Equating work and energy, kym W (h ym ) (1) exact

2

1 2

kym Wh (2) approximate

2

where ym is the approximate value for ym .

Subtracting,

1

2

k ym2 ym2 Wym

2W

ym2 ym2 ( ym ym )( ym ym ) ym

k

ym ym 2W

Relative error:

ym k ( ym y m )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1848

PROBLEM 11.57 (Continued)

2W ym2

But from Eq. (2).

k h

ym ym ym2 y

(a) Relative error m

ym

h ( ym ym ) 2 h

Approximate solution: W mg (2)(9.81) 19.62 N

E 200 109 Pa

4 4

d 10

I 3.217 103 mm 4

42 4 2

3.217 109 m 4

L 0.6 m, h 40 mm

40 103 m

k

L3 (0.6)3

8.936 103 N/m

ym2

k 8.936 103

175.65 106 m 2

15.63 13.25

Relative error: relative error 0.152

15.63

ym

0.166

2h

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1849

P PROBLEM 11.58

D

A B Using the method of work and energy, determine the deflection at point D

caused by the load P.

a b

L

SOLUTION

Pb Pa

Reactions: RA , RB

L L

Pbx

Over AD: M RA x

L

M2a P 2b2 a

U AD

0 2 EI

dx

2 EIL2 0

x 2dx

P 2b 2 a3

6 EIL2

Pav

Over DB: M RB v

L

M2

b P2a2 b

U DB

0 2 EI

dv

2 EIL2 0

v 2dv

P 2 a 2 b3

6 EIL2

P 2 a 2b 2 (a b) P 2a 2 b 2

Total: U U AB U BC

6 EIL2 6 EIL

1 2U Pa 2 b 2

P D U D D

2 P 3EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1850

P PROBLEM 11.59

A D Using the method of work and energy, determine the deflection at point D

B caused by the load P.

L a

SOLUTION

See solution of Prob. 11.28 for beam of length L with overhang of length a, load at end of overhang.

P 2a 2

U (a L )

6 EI

1 1 P 2a 2 Pa 2

PyD U : PyD (a L) yD (a L)

2 2 6 EI 3EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1851

M0 PROBLEM 11.60

A B

D Using the method of work and energy, determine the slope at point D

caused by the couple M 0 .

a b

L

SOLUTION

M0 M0

Reactions: RA RB

L L

M0x

Over portion AD: M

L

M2

a M 02 a

U AD

0 2 EI

dx

2 EIL2 0

x 2 dx

M 0 a3

6 EIL2

M 0v

Over portion DB: M

L

M2b M 02 b

U DB

0 2 EI

dv

2 EIL2 0

v 2 dv

M 02b

6 EIL2

M 02 (a3 b3 )

Total: U U AD U DB

6 EIL2

1 2U M 0 ( a 3 b3 )

M 0 D U D D

2 M0 3EIL2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1852

B M0 PROBLEM 11.61

A D

Using the method of work and energy, determine the slope at point D

caused by the couple M 0 .

L a

SOLUTION

M0 M0

Reactions: RA RB

L L

M x

Over portion AB: M 0

L

L M2 M 02 L 2

U AB 0 dx x dx

2 EI 2 EIL2 0

M 02 L

6EI

Over portion BD: M M 0

M 02a

U BD

2 EI

Total: U U AB U BD

M 02 ( L 3a)

6 EI

1

M 00 U

2

2U M 0 ( L 3a)

D D

M0 3EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1853

P PROBLEM 11.62

2EI EI

C Using the method of work and energy, determine the deflection at point C

B caused by the load P.

A

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

Bending moment: M Pv

Over AB:

M2

L P2 L 2

U AB

L/ 2 4 EI

dv

4 EI L/ 2

v dv

P 2 3 L 7 P 2 L3

3

L

12 EI 2 96 EI

L/ 2 M2 P2 L/ 2

Over BC: U BC 0 2 EI

dv

2 EI 0

v 2 dv

1 P 2 L3

48 EI

3 P 2 L3

Total: U U AB U BC

32 EI

1 2U 3PL3

P C 0 C C

2 P 16 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1854

P PROBLEM 11.63

EI C EI

A B Using the method of work and energy, determine the deflection at point C

caused by the load P.

2EI

a a a a

SOLUTION

1

RA RB P

2

1

From A to C , M RA x Px

2

a M 2a M2

U AC 0 2 EI

dx a 4 EI

dx

2

P a P2 2a

8 EI 0

x 2 dx

16 EI a

x 2 dx

P 2 a3 P2 3 3 3 P 2 a3

(2 a ) a

24 EI 48 EI 16 EI

3 P 2 a3

By symmetry, U CB U AB

16 EI

3 P 2 a3

Total: U U AB U BC

8 EI

1 2U 3Pa3

P C U C C

2 P 4 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1855

M0 PROBLEM 11.64

B

A EI Using the method of work and energy, determine the slope at point B

2EI C

caused by the couple M0.

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

M0

M B 0: RA L M 0 0 RA

L

M0

M RA X X

L

L/2 M2

Over portion AC: U AC

0 2(2 EI )

dx

M 02 L/2 1 M 02

U AC

4 EIL2 0

x 2 dx

96 EI

2

L M

Over portion CB: U CB

L / 2 2 EI

dx

M 02 L

U CB

2 EIL 2 L/2

x 2 dx

M 02 3 L

3

L

6 EIL2 2

7 M 02 L

48 EI

5 M 02 L

Total: U U AC U CB

32 EI

1 2U 5M 0 L

M 0 B U B B

2 M0 16 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1856

M0 PROBLEM 11.65

B

A EI Using the method of work and energy, determine the slope at point D caused

2EI D

by the couple M 0 .

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

M0 M0

Reactions: RA , RB

L L

Bending moment diagram.

L M 0x

Over 0 x , M

2 L

L M v

Over 0 v , M 0

2 L

2 2

L/2 M AD L/2 M BD

Strain energy: U U AD U BD

0 2(2 EI )

dx 0 2 EI

dv

M0 2 M0 2

L/2 x L/2 v M 0 1 ( L / 2)3 M 0 1 ( L / 2)3

L L

U dx dv

0 2(2 EI ) 0 2 EI EIL 4 3 EIL 2 3

M 02 L 1 1 3 1 M 02 L M 02 L

EI 96 48 96 EI 32 EI

1 1 1 M 02 L 1 M 0L

M 0 D U : M 0 D D

2 2 32 EI 16 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1857

PROBLEM 11.66

450 N

L

500 mm The 20-mm-diameter steel rod BC is attached to the lever AB and to the

C fixed support C. The uniform steel lever is 10 mm thick and 30 mm

A deep. Using the method of work and energy, determine the deflection of

point A when L 600 mm. Use E 200 GPa and G 77.2 GPa.

B

SOLUTION

1

I (10)(30)3 22.5 103 mm 4

12

22.5 109 m 4

a 500 mm 0.500 m

M B Pa (450)(0.500) 225 N m

M Px

a M a P 2 x 2 dx P 2 a3

U AB 0 2 EI

dx 0 2 EI

6 EI

(450) (0.500)3

2

0.9375 J

(6)(200 109 )(22.5 109 )

Member BC. (Torsion)

1

T M B 225 N m c d 10 mm

2

J c 4 15.708 103 mm 4 15.708 109 m 4

2

L 600 mm 0.600 m

T 2L (225) 2 (0.600)

U BC 12.5242 J

2GJ (2)(77.2 109 )(15.708 109 )

1 2U (2)(13.4617)

P A U A 59.8 103 m

2 P 450

A 59.8 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1858

PROBLEM 11.67

B

Torques of the same magnitude T are applied to the steel shafts AB

and CD. Using the method of work and energy, determine the length L

of the hollow portion of shaft CD for which the angle of twist C is

T equal to 1.25 times the angle of twist at A.

60 in.

A D

2 in.

E

T

L

C

1.5 in.

SOLUTION

1 1

C 1.25 A U AB T A and U CD T C

2 2

Then U CD 1.25 U AB (1)

Shaft AB: LAB 60 in. c 2 in. J AB c4 (2) 4 25.133 in 4

2 2

T 2 LAB T 2 (60) T2

U AB 2.3873

2GJ AB (2G)(25.133) 2G

J CE

2

c 4

o

ci4

2

(24 1.54 ) 17.1806 in 4

T 2 LCE T 2L T 2L

U CE 0.058205

2GJ CE (2G )(17.1806) 2G

T 2 LED T 2 (60 L) T2 T 2L

U ED 2.3873 0.039789

2GJ ED 2G (25.138) 2G 2G

T2 T 2L

Shaft CD: U CE U ED 2.3873 0.018416

2G 2GJ

T2 T 2L T2

Using Eq. (1), 2.3873 0.018416 (1.25)(2.3873)

2G 2G 2G

0.018416 L (0.25)(2.3873) L 32.4 in.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1859

PROBLEM 11.68

C are connected by the gears shown. Knowing

that G 11.2 106 psi and that shaft DF is

3 in. fixed at F, determine the angle through

F

B

which end A rotates when a 750-lb in. torque

is applied at A. (Neglect the strain energy

4 in. E

T

due to the bending of the shafts.)

8 in.

A

D

6 in.

5 in.

SOLUTION

Work-energy equation:

1

TA A U

2

2U

A

TA

TAB TA 750 lb in.

LAB 5 6 11 in.

4 4

d 0.75

J AB 31.063 103 in 4

2 2 2 2

2

TAB LAB (750) 2 (11)

U AB 8.892 in. lb

2GJ AB (2)(11.2 106 )(31.063 103 )

Portion BC of shaft ABC: U BC 0

TB TAB 750

Gear B: FBE 250 lb

rB rB 3

Gear E: TE rE FBE (4)(250) 1000 lb in.

Portion DE of shaft DEF: U DE 0

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1860

PROBLEM 11.68 (Continued)

4

d

LEF 8 in. J EF 31.063 103 in 4

2 2

2

TEF LEF (1000) 2 (8)

U EF 11.497 lb in.

2GJ EF (2)(11.2 106 )(31.063 103 )

Total: U U AB U BC U DE U EF 20.389 in. lb

2U (2)(20.389)

A 54.4 103 rad A 3.12

TA 750

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1861

PROBLEM 11.69

200 mm TB

70 mm

The 20-mm-diameter steel rod CD is welded to the 20-mm-

B

diameter steel shaft AB as shown. End C of rod CD is touching the

D rigid surface shown when a couple TB is applied to a disk attached

A

to shaft AB. Knowing that the bearings are self aligning and exert

no couples on the shaft, determine the angle of rotation of the disk

when TB 400 N m. Use E 200 GPa and G 77.2 GPa.

(Consider the strain energy due to both bending and twisting in

C

shaft AB and to bending in arm CD.)

300 mm

SOLUTION

TB

M AB 0: rCD FC TB FC

rCD

400

FC 1333.3 N,

300 103

FD 1333.3 N

Bending of rod CD:

4

d

I

42

4

20

4 2

7.854 103 mm 4

7.854 109 m 4

M FC x

LCD ( FC x)2 F 2 L3

U 0 C CD

2 EI 6 EI

(1333.3) 2 (300 103 )3

5.093 J

(6)(200 109 )(7.854 109 )

Bending of shaft ADB:

FDb

M B 0: FA LAB FDb 0 FA

L AB

FD a

M A 0: FA LAB FDb 0 FA

LAB

a FDb FD2a 2b 2

2 2

1 b FD a

U 0 dx 0 dx

2 EI L LAB 6 EILAB

AB

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1862

PROBLEM 11.69 (Continued)

4

d 3 4 9 4

I 7.854 10 mm 7.854 10 m

42

LAB (270 103 ) m

(1333.3)2 (70 103 )2 (200 103 )2

U 0.137 J

(6)(200 109 )(7.854 109 )(270 109 )

Torsion: Only portion DB carries torque. J 2 J 15.708 109 m 4

TB2 LDB (400)2 (200 103 )

U 13.194 J

2GJ (2)(77.2 109 )(15.708 109 )

Total: U 5.093 0.137 13.194 18.424 J

1

TB B U

2

2U (2)(18.424)

B

TB 400

92.1 103 rad B 5.28

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1863

PROBLEM 11.70

T'

The thin-walled hollow cylindrical member AB has a noncircular

cross section of nonuniform thickness. Using the expression given in

ds t

Eq. (3.50) of Sec. 3.10 and the expression for the strain-energy

A density given in Eq. (11.17), show that the angle of twist of member

AB is

B

x

TL ds

L

4A 2 G t

T where ds is the length of a small element of the wall cross section and

A is the area enclosed by the center line of the wall cross section.

SOLUTION

T

From Eq. (3.53),

2t A

Strain energy density:

2 T2

u

2G 8Gt 2 2

L

U 0

ut ds dx

L T2 ds T 2L ds

0 8G2 t

dx

8G 2 t

1 T 2L ds TL ds

Work of torque: T

2 8G 2 t 4G 2 t

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1864

P A B PROBLEM 11.71

3

l

Each member of the truss shown has a uniform cross-sectional area A. Using the

4

method of work and energy, determine the horizontal deflection of the point of

C D application of the load P.

SOLUTION

4 5

Joint A: Fx 0: FAD P 0 FAD P

5 4

3 3

Fy 0: FAC FAD 0 FAC P

5 4

Member F L F2 L

AB 0 l 0

3

BD 0 l 0

4

5 5 125 2

AD P l Pl

4 4 64

CD P l P2 l

3 3 27 2

AC P l Pl

4 4 64

27 2

Pl

8

4 5

Joint D: Fx 0: P FCD 0

5 4

FCD P

2

F L 1

U F 2 L

2 EA 2 EA

27 P 2l 1

Work of P P U

16 EA 2

2U 27 Pl Pl

3.38

P 8 EA EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1865

A B P PROBLEM 11.72

3

l

Each member of the truss shown has a uniform cross-sectional area A. Using the

4

method of work and energy, determine the horizontal deflection of the point of

C D application of the load P.

SOLUTION

4 5

Joint B: Fx 0: P FBC 0 FBC P

5 4

3 3

Fy 0: FBD FBC 0 FBD P

5 4

F 2L 1

U F 2 L

2 EA 2 EA

19 P 2l

16 EA

1

Work of P P U

2

2U 19 Pl

P 8 EA

Member F L F2 L

AB 0 l 0

3

AC 0 l 0

4

CD 0 l 0

5 5 125 2

BC P l Pl

4 4 64

3 3 27 2

BD P l Pl

4 4 64

19 2

Pl

8

Pl

2.38

EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1866

20 kips PROBLEM 11.73

B Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has a uniform

2.5 ft cross-sectional area of 5 in2. Using E 29 106 psi, determine the

D vertical deflection of joint B caused by the application of the 20-kip

A

C

load.

6 ft 6 ft

SOLUTION

RA RB 10 kips

LAC LCD 6 ft 72 in.

LBC 2.5 ft 30 in.

Equilibrium of joint A.

2.5

Fy 0: FAB 10 0 FAB 26 kips

6.5

6

Fx 0: FAB FAB 0 FAC 24 kips

6.5

Equilibrium of joint C. FBC 0, FCD 24 kips

By symmetry, FBD FAB 26 kips

F 2L 1

Strain energy: U F 2L

2 EA 2 EA

Member F (kips) L (in.) F 2 L (kip 2 in.)

AB 26 78 52,728

AC 24 72 41,472

BC 0 30 0

CD 24 72 41,472

BD 26 78 52,728

188,400

188,400

U 0.64966 kip in.

(2)(29 103 )(5)

Vertical deflection of point B.

1

P B U

2

2U (2)(0.64966)

B B 0.0650 in.

P 20

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1867

B D 60 kN PROBLEM 11.74

0.5 m Each member of the truss shown is made of steel. The cross-sectional

A

C

area of member BC is 800 mm 2 and for all other members the cross-

sectional area is 400 mm2. Using E 200 GPa, determine the

1.2 m 1.2 m

deflection of point D caused by the 60-kN load.

SOLUTION

0.5

Joint D: Fy 0: 12.5 FCD 0 FCD 32.5 kN

1.3

1.2

Fx 0: 60 FBD FCD 0 FBD 30 kN

1.3

1.2

Joint B: Fx 0: 30 FAB 0 FAB 32.5 kN

1.3

0.5

Fy 0: FAB FBC 0 FBC 12.5 kN

1.3

1.2

Joint C: Fx 0: FAC (32.5) 0 FAC 30 kN

1.3

F 2L 1 F 2L

U

2 EA 2 E A

CD 32.5 1.3 400 3.4328 1012

BD 30 1.2 400 2.7 1012

AB 32.5 1.3 400 3.4328 1012

BC 12.5 0.5 800 0.0977 1012

AC 30 1.2 400 2.7 1012

12.3633 1012

E 200 109 Pa

12.3633 1012

U 30.908 J

(2)(200 109 )

Work-energy:

1 2U (2)(30.908)

P U 3

1.030 103 m

2 P 60 10

1.030 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1868

6 ft 6 ft PROBLEM 11.75

A B C

Each member of the truss shown is made of steel

and has a cross-sectional area of 5 in2. Using

2.5 ft 15 kips

E 29 106 psi, determine the vertical deflection of

point C caused by the 15-kip load.

E D

SOLUTION

For entire truss, M A 0: 2.5 RE (12)(15) 0 RE 72 kips

Joint C: 2.5

Fy 0: FCD 15 0 FCD 39 kips

6.5

6

Fx 0: FCD FBC 0 FBC 36 kips

6.5

Joint D: Fx 0: Joint B: Fx 0:

6 FAB FBC 0

72 ( FAD 39) 0

6.5 FAB 36 kips

FAD 39 kips

F 2L 1

Strain energy: Um F 2 L

2 EA 2 EA

Member F (kips) L (in.) F 2 L (kip 2 in.)

AB 36 72 93,312

BC 36 72 93,312

CD 39 78 118,638

DE 72 72 373,248

BD 0 30 0

AE 0 30 0

AD 39 78 118,638

797,148

3 2

Data: E 29 10 ksi A 5 in

797,148

Um 2.7488 kip in.

(2)(29 103 )(5)

1 2U m (2)(2.7488)

Pm m U m m m 0.366 in.

2 Pm 15

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1869

480 mm 480 mm PROBLEM 11.76

A

The steel rod BC has a 24-mm diameter and the steel cable ABDCA has a

360 mm 12-mm diameter. Using E 200 GPa, determine the deflection of joint D

C caused by the 12-kN load.

B

360 mm

12 kN

SOLUTION

U AB U BD U DC U CA

2 2

FBD LBD FBC LBC

U 4U BD U BC 4

2 EABD 2 EABC

1 U FBD 2 LBD FBC 2 LBC

P D U D 4

2 P EABD P EABC P

Joint D: Fy 0: Joint B: Fx 0:

3 4

2 FBD P 0 FBC (2) FBD 0

5 5

5 8 4

FBD P FBC FBD P

6 5 3

2 2

5 PLBD 4 PLBC P 25 LBD 16 LBC

D 4

6 EABD 3 EABC E 9 ABD 9 ABC

LBD 600 103 m ABD (12)2 113.097 mm 2 113.097 106 m 2

4

LBC 960 103 m ABC (24)2 452.39 mm 2 452.39 106 m 2

4

D 6

1.111 10 m D 1.111 mm

200 109 9 113.097 10 9 452.39 106

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1870

P PROBLEM 11.77

M0

B

A Using the information in Appendix D, compute the work of the loads as

they are applied to the beam (a) if the load P is applied first, (b) if the

L couple M is applied first.

SOLUTION

PL3 PL2

yAP AP

3EI 2 EI

From Appendix D, Case 3,

M 0 L2 M0L

yAM AM

2 EI EI

U A1 A2 A3

1 1

Py AP Py AM M 0 AM

2 2

P 2 L3 PM 0 L2 M 02 L

U

6 EI 2 EI 2 EI

(b) First M0, then P.

U A4 A5 A6

1 1

Py AP M 0 AP M 0 AM

2 2

P 2 L3 M 0 PL2 M 02 L

U

6 EI 2 EI 2 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1871

P PROBLEM 11.78

M0

B

C Using the information in Appendix D, compute the work of the loads as

A they are applied to the beam (a) if the load P is applied first, (b) if the

L/2 L/2 couple M is applied first.

SOLUTION

P( L/2)3 PL3 P( L/2)2 PL2

yBP CP

3EI 24 EI 2 EI 8EI

2

M ( L/2) M L2 M L

yBM 0 0 BM 0

2 EI 8 EI EI

U A1 A2 A3

1 1

PyBP PyBM M 0CM

2 2

P 2 L3 PM 0 L2 M 02 L

U

48EI 8EI 2 EI

(b) First M0, then P.

U A4 A5 A6

1 1

PyBP M 0CP M 0CM

2 2

P 2 L3 M 0 PL2 M 02 L

U

48EI 8 EI 2 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1872

P P

PROBLEM 11.79

A B For the beam and loading shown, (a) compute the work of the loads as they

C are applied successively to the beam, using the information provided in

Appendix D, (b) compute the strain energy of the beam by the method of

L/2 L/2

Sec. 11.2A and show that it is equal to the work obtained in part a.

SOLUTION

Using Appendix D, Case 1,

PB ( L/2)3 1 PB L3

BB

3EI 24 EI

L 1 PB L3 L PB ( L /2) 2

CB BB B

2 24 3EI 2 2 EI

1 1 P L3 5 PB L3

B

24 16 EI 48 EI

1 PC L3

CC

3 EI

P L L 5 PC L3

2 3

PC

BC (3Lx 2 x3 ) C 3L

6 EI 6 EI 2 2 48 EI

U A1 A2 A3

1 1

U PB BB PB BC PC CC

2 2

1 PB L3 5 PB PC L3 1 PC2 L3

48 EI 48 EI 6 EI

1 5 1 P 2 L3 7 P 2 L3

with PB PC P, U U

48 48 6 EI 24 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1873

PROBLEM 11.79 (Continued)

L L

(b) Over AB: M Pv P v P 2v

2 2

L M2 P2 2 2 1

U AB L/2 2 EI

dv

2 EI

L/2

4v 2 Lv L2 dv

4

P2 4 L

3

1 2 L 1 2

2

L

3

L 2L L L L

2 EI 3 2 2 2 4 2

P2 2 3

7 3 3 3 1 3 13 P L

L L L

2 EI 6 4 8 48 EI

3

L/2 M2 P2 L/2 P2 1 L

2

Over BC: M Pv U BC dv v dv

0 2 EI 2 EI 0 2 EI 3 2

P 2 L3

48EI

2 3

13 1 P L 7 P 2 L3

Total: U U AB U BC U

48 48 EI 24 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1874

PROBLEM 11.80

M0 M0

C For the beam and loading shown, (a) compute the work of the loads as

they are applied successively to the beam, using the information

A B

provided in Appendix D, (b) compute the strain energy of the beam by

L/2 L/2 the method of Sec.11.2A and show that it is equal to the work obtained

in part a.

SOLUTION

(a) Label the applied couples M A and M B . Apply M A at point A

first. Note that M B 0 during this phase.

From Appendix D,

M AL

AA

EI

1 M 2 AL

U1 M B AA

2 2 EI

Now apply M B at point B. Note that M A remains constant

during this second phase.

From Appendix D,

M B ( L/2) M L

BB B

EI 2 EI

Since the curvature of portion AB does not change as M B is

applied,

M BL

AB BB

2 EI

1

U2 M B BB M A AB

2

M B2 L M AM B

4EI 2 EI

Total strain energy:

M A2 L M B 2 L M AM B L

U U1 U 2

2 EI 4 EI 2 EI

Set M A M B M 0.

5M 0 2 L

U

4EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1875

PROBLEM 11.80 (Continued)

L

Over portion AB: 0 x

2

M M 0

L /2 M 02 M 2L

U AB 0 2 EI

dx 0

4 EI

L

Over portion BC: x L

2

M 2 M 0

L(2M 0 ) 2 M 2L

U BC L/ 2 2 EI

dx 0

EI

Total strain energy:

U U AB U BC

5M 0 2 L

U

4EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1876

P P PROBLEM 11.81

D E

A B For the beam and loading shown, (a) compute the work of the loads as they

are applied successively to the beam, using the information provided in

L L L

Appendix D, (b) compute the strain energy of the beam by the method of

4 2 4 Sec. 11.2A and show that it is equal to the work obtained in part a.

SOLUTION

Using Appendix D, Case 5,

P a 2 b 2 PE 4 4

2 2

3L L

3 PE L3

EE E

3EIL 3EIL 256 EI

Pb PE L4 2 L 2 L L 3 7 PE L3

DE E [( L2 b 2 ) x x3 ] L

6 EIL 6 EIL 4 4 4 768 EI

3 PD L3 7 PD L3

Likewise, DD and ED

256 EI 768 EI

U A1 A2 A3

1 1

U PD DD PD DE PE EE

2 2

2 3

3 PD L 7 PD PE L3 3 PE2 L3

512 EI 768 EI 512 EI

with PD PE P

1 P 2 L3 P 2 L3

U U

48 EI 48 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1877

PROBLEM 11.81 (Continued)

(b) Reactions: RA RB P

L

Over portion AD: 0 x 4 : M Px

3

L/4 M2 P2 L/4 P2 1 L 1 P 2 L3

2

U AD dx x dx

0 2 EI 2 EI 0 2 EI 3 4 384 EI

M 2 L2

2

PL P 2 L2 1 L P 2 L3

Over portion DE: M U DE

4 2 EI 2 EI 16 2 64 EI

1 P 2 L3

Over portion EB: By symmetry, U EB U AD

384 EI

1 1 1 P 2 L3 1 P 2 L3

Total: U U AB U DE U EB U

384 64 384 EI 48 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1878

PROBLEM 11.82

M0 M0

For the beam and loading shown, (a) compute the work of the loads

A B as they are applied successively to the beam, using the information

provided in Appendix D, (b) compute the strain energy of the beam

L by the method of Sec. 11.2A and show that it is equal to the work

obtained in part a.

SOLUTION

Using Appendix D, Case 7.

M AL M AL M BL M BL

AA BA BB AB

3EI 6EI 3EI 6 EI

Apply MA first, then M B .

U A1 A2 A3

1 1

U M A AA M A AB M B BB

2 2

1 M A2 L 1 M AM B L 1 M B2 L

6 EI 6 EI 6 EI

With M A M B M0

1 M 02 L M 02 L

U U

2 EI 2EI

(b) Bending moment: M M0

L M2 M 2L M 02 L

U 0 dx 0 U

2 EI 2 EI 2EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1879

w PROBLEM 11.83

D B

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

M2 L

U

0 2 EI

dx

U 1 L M

D

Q EI 0

M

Q

dx

L 1 M

Over portion AD: 0 x 2 M wx 2 0

2 Q

L 1 L M L

Over portion DB: 2 x L M wx 2 Q x x

2 2 Q 2

1 L/2 1 2 1 L 1 2 L

Set Q 0. D

EI 0

2 wx (0) dx EI

2 wx x 2 dx

L/2

w L 3 L 2

2 EI x 2 x dx

L/2

w 1 4 1 L 4 L 1 3 L 1 L 3

L L

2 EI 4 4 2 2 3 2 3 2

D 0.0443

2 4 64 6 48 EI 384 EI EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1880

P PROBLEM 11.84

D B

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

M2

L

U 0 2 EI

dx

U L M M 1 L M

D

Q

0 EI Q

dx

EI 0

M

Q

dx

L M

Over portion AD: 0 < x < 2 M Px, 0

Q

L L M L

Over portion DB: 2 x L M Px Q x ,

2 Q

x

2

1 L/2 1 L L

Set Q 0. D

EI 0

( Px)(0)dx

EI L/2

( Px) x dx

2

P L 2 L

EI x 2 x dx

L/2

P 1 3 1 L 3 L 1 2 L 1 L 2

L L

EI 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 PL

3

5 PL3

D

3 24 4 16 EI 48EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1881

w PROBLEM 11.85

D

A B For the prismatic beam shown, determine the deflection of point D.

E

SOLUTION

1 1

Reactions: RA Q, RB wL Q

2 2

U

U U AD U DE U EB D

Q

U AD

Over portion AD, with Q 0 M 0 0

Q

2

1 L

Over portion DE, M RBv w v

2 2

2

1 L 1

wLv w v Qv

2 2 2

M 1 1 L2 2

v U DE M dv Set Q 0

Q 2 2 EI 0

U DE 1 L2 M

M Q dv

Q EI 0

1 L2 L 1

2

1

wLv w v v dv

EI 0 2 2 2

w L2 2 1 3 2 1 2

Lv 2 v Lv 4 L v dv

2EI 0

w 11 L 1 2 1 L

3 4 3 2

1 L 1 L

L L L

2EI 3 2 2 4 2 3 2 4 2 2

1 1 1 1 1 wL4 1 wL4

2 24 128 48 64 EI 768 EI

1 M U EB

Over portion EB, M wu 2 0 0

2 Q Q

U AD U DE U EB 1 wL4 1 wL4

D 0 0

Q Q Q 768 EI 768 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1882

w PROBLEM 11.86

D B

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

L M2

U 0 2 EI

dx

U L M M 1 L M

D

M0

0 EI M 0

dx

EI 0

M

M0

dx

L 1 M

Over portion AD: 0 x 2 M wx 2 0

2 M0

L 1 M

Over portion DB: 2 x L M wx 2 M 0 1

2 M0

1 L 1 2 1 L 1 2

Set M 0 0. D

EI wx (0)dx EI

L/2 2 2 wx (1)dx

L/2

w L w 1 3 1 L 3

2 EI L/2

x 2 dx

2 EI

L

3 3 2

1 1 wL3 7 wL3

1 D

6 8 EI 48EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1883

P PROBLEM 11.87

D B

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

L M2

U 0 2 EI

dx

U L M M 1 L M

D

M0

0 EI M 0

dx

EI 0

M

M0

dx

L M

Over portion AD: 0 x 2 M Px

M0

0

L M

Over portion DB: 2 x L M Px M 0

M0

1

1 L 1 L

Set M 0 0. D

EI L/2

( Px)(0)dx

EI L/2

( Px)(1)dx

P L P 1 1L

2

EI L/2

x dx

EI

L2

2 2 2

1 1 PL

2

3PL2

D

2 8 EI 8 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1884

w PROBLEM 11.88

D

A B For the prismatic beam shown, determine the slope at point D.

E

SOLUTION

M0 M0

Reactions: RA RE wL

L L

U

U U AD U DE U EB , D

M 0

M0 U AD

Over portion AD, M x 0 with M 0 0 0

L M 0

2 2

1 L 1 L M

Over portion DE, M RBv w v wLv w v 0 v

2 2 2 2 L

M 1 1 L2 2

v, U DE M dv Set M 0 0

M 0 L 2EI 0

1 L2 L 1

2

U DE 1 L2 M 1

M dv wLv w v v dv

M 0 EI 0 M 0 EI 0 2 2 L

w L2 1 1

0

Lv 2 v3 Lv 2 L2v dv

EIL 2 4

w 11 L 1 1 L

3 4 3 2

L L L2

1 L 1 L

EIL 3 2 2 4 2 3 2 4 2 2

1 1 1 1 wL3 1 wL3

24 128 48 64 EI 384 EI

1 M U EB

Over portion EB, M wu 2 0 0

2 M 0 M 0

U AD U DE U EB 1 wL3 1 wL3

D 0 0

M 0 M 0 M 0 384 EI 384 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1885

P PROBLEM 11.89

A B

For the prismatic beam shown, determine the slope at point A.

D

a b

L

SOLUTION

Pb M A Pa M A

Reactions: RA , RB

L L L L

LM2 1 a 2 1 b 2

U 0 dx M dx 2EI 0 M dv

2EI 2 EI 0

U 1 a M 1 b M

A M dx M dv

M A EI 0

M A EI 0

M A

x Pbx M x

Over portion AD (0 x a), M M A RA x M A 1 , 1

L L M A L

Pav M Av M v

Over portion DB (0 v b), M RBv ,

L L M A L

1 a Pbx x 1 b Pav v

Set M A 0 A 1 dx dv

EI 0 L L EI 0 L L

P 1 1 1

2

bLa 2 ba3 ab3

EIL 2 3 3

Pab

A 2

(3La 2a 2 2b 2 )

6EIL

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1886

M0 PROBLEM 11.90

C

A B

For the prismatic beam shown, determine the slope at point B.

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

1

Reactions. RA (M 0 M B )

L

M2 L

Strain energy. U 0 dx

2EI

U

Slope at point B. B

M B

x

M RA x M 0 (M 0 M B ) M0

L

M X x

With M B 0 M M 0 1

M B L L

U L M M

0 dx

M A EI M B

M0 L x x

0

1 dx

EI L L

M0 L

( x L) x dx

EIL2 0

M0 L 2

( x Lx) dx

EIL2 0

L

M x3 Lx 2 M L

0 0

EI 3 2 6 EI

0

M 0L M 0L

B B

6 EI 6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1887

1.5 kips 1.5 kips PROBLEM 11.91

A

For the beam and loading shown, determine the deflection of

B C point B. Use E 29 106 psi.

S8 3 13

5 ft 5 ft

SOLUTION

Units: forces in kips, lengths in ft

E 29 103 ksi

I 39.6 in 4

EI (29 103 )(39.6)

1.148 106 kip in 2

7975 kip ft 2

M2 5 5 M

2

U 0 dx 0 dv

2 EI 2EI

U 1 5 M 5 M

B 0 M dx 0 M dv

Q EI Q Q

M 5 M

Over AB: M 1.5 x, 0 0 M dx 0

Q Q

M

Over BC: M 1.5(v 5) 1.5v Qv 3v 7.5 Qv; v

Q

5M 5 2 3 1 2 1

0 Q dv 0 (3v 7.5v) dv (3) 3 (5) (7.5) 2 (5) 218.75

1 218.75

B 0 143.75 27.43 103 ft B 0.329 in.

EI 7975

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1888

1.5 kips 1.5 kips PROBLEM 11.92

A

For the beam and loading shown, determine the deflection of

B C point A. Use E 29 106 psi.

S8 3 13

5 ft 5 ft

SOLUTION

Units: forces in kips, length in ft

E 29 103 ksi, I 39.6 in 4

EI (29 103 )(39.6)

1.148 106 kip in 2

7975 kip ft 2

M2 10

U 0 dx

2 EI

U 1 10 M

A M Q dx

Q EI 0

M

Over portion AB: 0 x 5, M 1.5 x Qx x

Q

5 M 5 5 2 3 1

0 M Q dx 0 (1.5x)( x) dx 1.5 0 x dx (1.5) 3 (5) 62.5

Over portion BC: 5 x 10 M 1.5 x 1.5( x 5) Qx

M

M 3x 7.5 Qx x

Q

10 M 10 2 3 13 2 2 1

0 M Q dx 5 (3x 7.5x) dx (3) 3 (10 5 ) (7.5) 2 (10 5 )

593.75

1 656.29

A 62.5 593.75 82.29 103 ft A 0.987 in.

EI 7975

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1889

8 kN 18 kN/m PROBLEM 11.93

A For the beam and loading shown, determine the deflection at

B C

W250 22.3 point B. Use E 200 GPa.

1m 1.5 m

2.5 m

SOLUTION

Units: Forces in kN; lengths in m.

M

Over AB: M 8 x 0

Q

1 M

Over BC: M 8(v 1) (18)v 2 Qv v

2 Q

EI (200 109 )(28.7 106 ) 5.74 106 N m 2 5740 kN m 2

1 M2 1.5 M2

U 0 2EI

dx 0 2 EI

dv

U 1 1 M 1.5 M

B

Q EI 0

M

Q

dx 0

M dv

Q

1 1.5 1 1 1.5 3

0

EI 0 8(v 1) (18)v 2 (v)dv

2 EI 0

(9v 8v 2 8v)dv

1 9 8 8 2 29.391 29.391

4 3

(1.5) (1.5) (1.5) 5.12 103 m

EI 4 3 2 EI 5740

B 5.12 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1890

5 kN/m 40 mm PROBLEM 11.94

B C point B. Use E 200 GPa.

4 kN

0.6 m 0.9 m

SOLUTION

M2 a L M2

U

0 2 EI

dx a 2 EI

dx

U

B

P

a M M L M M

0 EI P

dx a EI P

dx

Portion AB: (0 x a )

1 M

M wx 2 0

2 P

a M M

0 EI P

dx 0

Portion BC: (a x L)

1

M wx 2 P( x a)

2

M

( x a)

P

L M M w L P L

a EI P

dx

2 EI a

x 2 ( x a )dx

EI a

( x a )2 dx

w L P b

2 EI a

( x3 ax 2 )dx

EI 0

v 2 dv

w L4 aL3 a 4 a 4 Pb3

2 EI 4 3 4 3 3EI

w L4 aL3 a 4 Pb3

B 0

2 EI 4 3 12 3EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1891

PROBLEM 11.94 (Continued)

w 5 103 N/m

P 4 103 N

1

I (40)(80)3 1.70667 106 mm 4

12

1.70667 106 m 4

EI (200 109 )(1.70667 106 ) 341,333 N m 2

5 103 (1.5) 4 (0.6)(1.5)3 (0.6)3 (4 103 )(0.9)3

B 0

(2)(341,333) 4 3 12 (3)(341,333)

7.25 103 m

B 7.25 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1892

160 kN PROBLEM 11.95

W310 74

C

A B For the beam and loading shown, determine the slope at end A. Use

E 200 GPa.

2.4 m 2.4 m

4.8 m

SOLUTION

Units: Forces in kN; lengths in m.

E 200 109 Pa, I 163 106 mm 4 163 106 m 4

EI (200 109 )(163 106 ) 32.6 106 N m 2 32,600 kN m 2

MA MA

Reactions: RA 80 RB 80

4.8 4.8

2.4 M2 2.4 M

2

U UAB UBC

U UAB UBC 0 dx 0 dv A

2EI 2EI M A M A M A

MA M x

Over AB: M M A RA x M A 80 x x 1

4.8 M A 4.8

U AB 1 2.4 x 1 2.4

Set M A 0.

M A EI 0

(80 x) 1

4.8

dx

EI 0

(80 x 16.6667 x 2 )dx

1 1 2 1 3 153.6

(80) (2.4) (16.6667) (2.4)

EI 2 3 EI

MA M 1

Over BC: M RBv 80v v, v

4.8 M A 4.8

Set M A 0.

M A

EI 0

(80v)

4.8

v dv

EI 0

v 2 dv

(16.6667)(2.4)3 76.8

3EI EI

1 230.4

A {153.6 76.8} A 7. 07 103 rad

EI 32,600

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1893

90 kN 90 kN PROBLEM 11.96

D E

A B For the beam and loading shown, determine the deflection at

S250 37.8 point D. Use E 200 GPa.

2m

0.6 m 0.6 m

SOLUTION

E 200 109 Pa = 200 106 kN/m 2

I 51.2 106 mm 4 51.2 106 m 4

EI (200 106 )(51.2 106 ) 10,240 kN m 2

Let Q be the force applied at D. It will be set equal to 90 kN later.

Reactions:

M B 0: 3.2 A 2.6Q (0.6)(90) 0

A 16.875 0.8125Q

B 73.125 0.1875Q

Strain energy:

1 3.2

U

2 EI 0

M 2 dx

U 1 3.2 M

D

Q EI 0

M

Q

dx

M (16.875 0.8125Q) x

M

0.8125 x; Set Q 90 kN.

Q

M 90 x

0.6

0.6 M 0.6 x3

0

M

Q

0

(90 x )(0.8125 x ) 73.125

3 0

5.265 kN m3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1894

PROBLEM 11.96 (Continued)

M (16.875 0.8125 Q ) x Q ( x 0.6)

16.875 x 0.1875Qx 0.6Q

M

0.1875 x 0.6; Set Q 90 kN.

Q

M (0.6)(90) 54 kN m

2.6 M 2.6

0.6

M

Q

dx 0.6

(54)(0.1875 x 0.6)dx

2.6

x2 2.6

10.125 32.4 x 0.6 32.4 kN m3

2 0.6

Over portion ED: (2.6 m x 3.2 m; 0 v 0.6 m)

M Bv (73.125 0.1875Q)v

M

0.1875 v Set Q 90 kN.

Q

M 90 v

3.2 M 0.6 M 0.6

2.6

M

Q

dx

0

M

Q

dv

0

(90v)(0.1875v)dv

0.6

v3

16.875 1.215 kN m3

3 0

Deflection at point D: (calculated)

5.265 32.4 1.215 38.88

D 3.797 103 m

EI 10,240

D 3.80 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1895

3 ft

8 kips PROBLEM 11.97

A

C D

B For the beam and loading shown, determine the slope at end A. Use

S8 18.4

E 29 106 psi.

6 ft 3 ft

SOLUTION

E 29 103 ksi I 57.5 in 4

EI (29 103 )(57.5) 1.6675 106 kip in 2 11,580 kip ft 2

Add couple M A at end A.

MA M

Reactions: RA 4 , RB 12 A

6 6

U UAD UDB

U UAD UDB A

MA MA MA

MA

Over AD: (0 x 6) M M A RA x M A 4 x x

6

M x

1 Set M A 0.

M A 6

UA D 1 6 x 1 6 2 1 62 2 63

M A EI 0

(4 x) 1 dx

6 EI

0

4 x x 2 dx

3

(4)

EI

2 3 3

24

EI

M U DB

Over DB: (0 u 3) M 8u 0 0

MA MA

24 24

A 0 0 A 2.07 103 rad

EI 11,580

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1896

3 ft

8 kips PROBLEM 11.98

A

C D

B For the beam and loading shown, determine the deflection at point C.

S8 18.4

Use E 29 106 psi.

6 ft 3 ft

SOLUTION

E 29 103 ksi I 57.5 in 4

EI (29 103 )(57.5) 1.6675 106 kip in 2 11,580 kip ft 2

1 1

Reactions: RA 4 Q , RD 12 Q

2 2

U UAC UCD UDB

U UAC UCD UDB C

Q Q Q Q

1 M 1

Over AC: (0 x 3) M 4 Q x x Set Q 0.

2 Q 2

UAC 1 3 1 2 3 2 (2)(3)3 18

Q

EI 0

(4 x) x dx

2 EI 0

x dx

3EI

EI

1 1

Over CD: (0 v 3) M RB v 8(v 3) 12v Q 8v 24 4v 24 Qv

2 2

M 1

v Set Q 0.

Q 2

UCD 1 3 1 1 3 1 (3) 2 (3)3

Q

EI 0

(24 4v) v dv

2 EI 0

(12v 2v 2 )dv

EI

(12)

2

(2)

3

36

EI

M U DB

Over DB: (0 u 3) M 8u 0 0

Q Q

18 36 54

C 0 4.663 103 ft C 0.0560 in.

EI EI 11,580

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1897

B PROBLEM 11.99

P

1

A

2 l For the truss and loading shown, determine the horizontal and vertical deflection of

C

joint C.

1

2 l D A

SOLUTION

5

From geometry, LBC LCD

2

Equilibrium of joint C.

2

Fx 0: ( FBC FCD ) Q 0

5

1

Fy 0: ( FBC FCD ) P 0

5

Solving simultaneously,

5 5 5 5

FBC P Q FCD P Q

2 4 2 4

Fi 2 Li

Strain energy: U

2 EAi

U 1 F L F

Deflections. Horizontal: xC i i i

Q E Ai Q

U 1 F L F

Vertical: yC i i i

P E Ai P

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1898

PROBLEM 11.99 (Continued)

Fi Li Fi Fi Li Fi

Fi Li Ai Fi / P Fi / Q

A P A Q

5 5 5 5 5 5 P 5 P

BC P Q A 5 5

2 4 2 2 4 8 A 16 A

5 5 5 5 5 5 P 5 P

CD P Q A 5 5

2 4 2 2 4 8 A 16 A

5 P

5 0

4 A

1 Fi Li Fi

xC 0 xC 0

E A Q

1 Fi Li Fi 5 P P

yC 5 yC 2.80

E Ai P 4 EA EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1899

B 2A D PROBLEM 11.100

A A 1

2 l For the truss and loading shown, determine the horizontal and vertical

C

deflection of joint C.

l l

P

SOLUTION

5

From geometry, LBC LCD l

2

Equilibrium of joint C.

2 2

Fx 0: FBC FCD Q 0

5 5

1 1

Fy 0: FBC FCD P 0

5 5

Solving simultaneously,

5 5 5 5

FBC P Q FCD P Q

2 4 2 4

Equilibrium of joint D.

2 5 5

Fx 0: FBD P Q 0

5 2 4

Q

FBD P

2

Fi 2 Li

Strain energy: U

2 EAi

U 1 Fi Li Fi

Deflections. Horizontal: xC

Q E Ai Q

U 1 Fi Li Fi

Vertical: yC

P E Ai P

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1900

PROBLEM 11.100 (Continued)

Fi Li Fi Fi Li Fi

Fi Li Ai Fi /P Fi /Q

Ai P Ai Q

5 5 5 5 5 5 Pl 5 Pl

BC P Q l A 5 5

2 4 2 2 4 8 A 16 A

5 5 5 5 5 5 Pl 5 Pl

CD P Q l A 5 5

2 4 2 2 4 8 A 16 A

1 1 Pl 1 Pl

BD P Q 2l 2A 1

2 2 A 2 A

5 Pl 1 Pl

4 5 1

A

2 A

1 Fi Li Fi Pl Pl

xC xC

E Ai Q 2 EA 2 EA

1 Fi Li Fi 5 Pl Pl

yC 5 1 yC 3.80

E Ai P 4 EA EA

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1901

B PROBLEM 11.101

4 in2

2.5 ft Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has the

3 in2

C 48 kips

cross-sectional area shown. Using E 29 106 psi, determine

the deflection indicated.

2.5 ft Vertical deflection of joint C.

6 in2 80 kips

D

6 ft

SOLUTION

12 12

Joint C: Fx 0: FBC FCD Q 0

13 13

13

FBC FCD Q (1)

12

5 5

Fy 0: FBC FCD P 0

13 13

13

FBC FCD P (2)

5

Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously,

13 13

FBC P Q

10 24

13 13

FCD P Q

10 24

5

Joint D: Fy 0: FCD FBD 0

13

5 1 5

FBD FCD P Q

13 2 24

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1902

PROBLEM 11.101 (Continued)

LCD 78 in.

LBC 60 in.

F 2L

U

2 EA

U FL F 1 FL F

P

P EA P E A P

F FL F

Member F L (in.) A (in 2 )

P A P

13 13 13

BC P Q 78 4 32.955P 13.73125Q

10 24 10

13 13 13

CD P Q 78 6 21.97 P 9.15417Q

10 24 10

1 5 1

BD P Q 60 3 5.00 P 2.08333Q

2 24 2

59.975P 2.49375Q

29,000 ksi

P 80 kips

Q 48 kips

(59.975)(80) (2.49375)(48)

P 0.1613 in.

29,000

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1903

B PROBLEM 11.102

4 in2

2.5 ft Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has the

3 in2

C 48 kips

cross-sectional area shown. Using E 29 106 psi, determine

the deflection indicated.

2.5 ft Horizontal deflection of joint C.

6 in2 80 kips

D

6 ft

SOLUTION

Joint C:

12 12

Fx 0: FBC FCD Q 0

13 13

13

FBC FCD Q (1)

12

5 5

Fy 0: FBC FCD P 0

13 13

13

FBC FCD P (2)

5

Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously,

13 13

FBC P Q

10 24

13 13

FCD P Q

10 24

Joint D:

5

Fy 0: FCD FB 0

13

5 1 5

FBD FCD P Q

13 2 24

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1904

PROBLEM 11.102 (Continued)

LCD 78 in.

LBC 60 in.

F 2L

U

2 EA

U FL F 1 LF F

P

Q EA P E A Q

F FL F

Member F L (in.) A (in 2 )

Q A Q

13 13 13

BC P Q 78 4 13.73125P 5.72135Q

10 24 24

13 13

P Q 13

CD 10 24 78 6 9.15467 P 3.81424Q

24

1 5 5

BD P Q 60 3 2.08333P 0.86806Q

2 24 24

2.49325P 10.40365Q

29,000 ksi

P 80 kips

Q 48 kips

(2.49325)(80) (10.40365)(48)

Q 0.01034 in.

29,000

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1905

1.6 m PROBLEM 11.103

A

Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has a cross-sectional

1.2 m area of 500 mm 2 . Using E 200 GPa, determine the vertical deflection of

joint B.

B

1.2 m

C

D

4.8 kN

2.5 m

SOLUTION

Add vertical force Q at joint B.

U F 2L 1 F

B F L

Q Q 2 EA EA Q

4

Joint C: Fy 0: FCB 4.8 0 FCB 6.0 kN

5

3

Fx 0: FCB FCD 0 FCD 3.6 kN

5

4 4

Joint B: Fx 0: FAB FBD 3.6 0

5 5

3 3

Fy 0: FAB FBD 4.8 Q 0

5 5

Solving simultaneously, FAB 6.25 0.8333Q kN

FBD 1.75 0.8333Q kN

3

Joint D: Fy 0: FBD FAD 0

5

3

FAD FBD 1.05 0.5 Q

5

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1906

PROBLEM 11.103 (Continued)

with Q 0

Member F (103 N) F/ Q L (m) F ( F/ Q) L (103 N m)

AB 6.25 0.8333Q 0.8333 2.0 10.4167

AD 1.05 0.5Q 0.5 2.4 1.26

BD 1.75 0.8333Q 0.8333 2.0 2.9167

BC 6.0 0 1.5 0

CD 3.6 0 2.5 0

14.593

1

B F ( F / Q) L

EA

14.593 103

(200 109 )(500 106 )

145.9 106 m

B 0.1459 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1907

1.6 m PROBLEM 11.104

A

Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has a cross-sectional

1.2 m area of 500 mm 2 . Using E 200 GPa, determine the horizontal deflection

of joint B.

B

1.2 m

C

D

4.8 kN

2.5 m

SOLUTION

Add horizontal force Q at joint B.

U F 2L 1 F

B F L

Q Q 2 EA EA Q

4

Joint C: Fy 0: FCB 4.8 0 FCB 6.0 kN

5

3

Joint B: Fx 0: FCB FCD 0 FCD 3.6 kN

5

4 4

Fx 0: FAB FBD 3.6 Q 0

5 5

3 3

Fy 0: FAB FBD 4.8 0

5 5

Solving simultaneously, FAB 6.25 0.625Q kN

FBD 1.75 0.625Q kN

3

Joint D: Fy 0: FBD FAD 0

5

3

FAD FBD 1.05 0.375Q

5

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1908

PROBLEM 11.104 (Continued)

F ( F/ Q) L

Member F (103 N) F/ Q L (m) (103 N m)

AB 6.25 0.625Q 0.625 2.0 7.8125

AD 1.05 0.375Q 0.375 2.4 0.9450

BD 1.75 0.625Q 0.625 2.0 2.1875

BC 6.0 0 1.5 0

CD 3.6 0 2.5 0

4.680

1

B F ( F / Q) L

EA

4.680 103

(200 109 )(500 106 )

46.8 106 m

B 0.0468 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1909

P PROBLEM 11.105

(a) the vertical deflection of point A, (b) the horizontal deflection of point A.

L

60

B

C

L

SOLUTION

1 3

Over AB: M Pv Qv

2 2

M 1 M 3

v v

P 2 Q 2

L M2

UAB 0 2 EI

dx

Set Q 0.

UAB 1 L M 1 L 1 1 1 PL3

P

EI 0

M

P

dv

EI

0 2

Pv v dv

2 12 EI

UAB 1 L M 1 L 1 3 3 PL3

Q

EI 0

M

Q

dv

EI

0 2

Pv 2

dv

12 EI

L 3 M L M 3

Over BC: M P x QL, x , L

2 2 P 2 Q 2

L M2

UBC

0 2 EI

dx

Set Q 0.

L

2 3

UBC 1 L M 1 L L P L 1 PL3

P

EI 0

M

P

dx

EI 0

P x dx

2

3EI

x

2

12 EI

0

L

2

UBC 1 L M 1 L L 3 3P L

Q

EI 0

M

Q

dx

EI 0

P x

2 2

L dx

4 EI

x

2

0

0

UAB UBC PL3

P P

P P 6 EI

(b) Horizontal deflection of point A.

UAB UBC 3 PL3 PL3

Q Q 0.1443

Q Q 12 EI EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1910

PROBLEM 11.106

A

For the uniform rod and loading shown, and using Castiglianos theorem, determine the

deflection of point B.

SOLUTION

M J 0: Px M 0

M Px PR sin

L M2

Strain energy: U 0 2EI

ds

( PR sin ) 2

U 0 2 EI

( Rd )

P 2 R3

2EI 0

sin 2 d

P 2 R3 1 cos 2

2EI 0 2

d

1

P2 R2 1

sin 2

2EI

2 0 4 0

P R 2

4EI

U PR3

By Castiglianos theorem,

P 2EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1911

P PROBLEM 11.107

For the beam and loading shown, and using Castiglianos theorem, determine

B (a) the horizontal deflection of point B, (b) the vertical deflection of point B.

R

A

SOLUTION

Use polar coordinate .

/2 M2

U 0 2EI

Rd

Bending moment.

M J 0: M Pa Qb 0

M Pa Qb

PR sin QR (1 cos )

M M

R sin R (1 cos )

P Q

Set Q 0.

U 1 /2 M 1 /2

(a) Q

Q EI 0

M

Q

Rd

EI 0

PR sin R (1 cos ) Rd

/2

PR3 /2 PR3 1

EI 0

(sin sin cos )d

EI

( cos sin 2 )

2 0

PR3 1 1

cos cos 0 sin 2 sin 2 0

EI 2 2 2 2

PR3 1 PR3

0 1 0 Q

EI 2 2EI

U 1 /2 M 1 /2

(b) P

P EI 0

M

P

Rd

EI 0

PR sin R sin Rd

PR3 /2 PR3 /2 1

EI 0

sin 2 d

EI 0 2

(1 cos 2 )d

/2

PR3 1 1 PR3 1 1 1 1

sin 2 0 sin sin 0

EI 2 2 0 EI 2 2 2 2 2

PR3 PR3

0 0 0 P

EI 4 4 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1912

l PROBLEM 11.108

P

C

B Two rods AB and BC of the same flexural rigidity EI are welded together at B. For

the loading shown, determine (a) the deflection of point C, (b) the slope of

l

member BC at point C.

SOLUTION

M A 0: RC l M C ( P Q)l 0

MC

RC P Q

l

Fx 0: P Q RAx 0 RAx P Q

M M

Member AB: M RAx y ( P Q) y, y, 0

Q MC

l M2

U AB 0 2EI

dy

Set Q 0 and M C 0.

UAB 1 l M 1 l 1 Pl 3

Q

EI 0

M

Q

dy

EI 0

( Py )( y )dy

3 EI

UAB 1 l M

M C EI 0

M

MA

dx 0

M

Member BC: M M C RC x M C P Q C x

l

M M x

x, 1

Q MC l

l M2

UBC 0 2EI

dx

Set Q 0 and M C 0.

UBC 1 l M 1 l 1 Pl 3

Q

EI 0

M

Q

dx

EI 0

( Px) x dx

3 EI

U 1 l M 1 l x

M A EI 0

M

MA

dx

EI 0

( Px) 1 dx

l

P l x2

EI 0

x dx

l

2

P 1 2 1 2 1 Pl

2 l l

EI 3 6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1913

PROBLEM 11.108 (Continued)

(a) Deflection at C. C C

Q Q 3EI

UAB UBC Pl 2

(b) Slope at C. C C

MA MC 6EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1914

P PROBLEM 11.109

B C

Three rods, each of the same flexural rigidity EI, are welded to form the

frame ABCD. For the loading shown, determine the deflection of point D.

L

A D

SOLUTION

Statics M A 0: DL PL 0 D P

Fx 0: Ax P Q 0 Ax ( P Q)

Fy 0: Ay D 0 Ay P

U U AB U BC U CD

U

By Castiglianos theorem, D

Q

U AB U BC U CD

D

Q Q Q

M

Member AB: M ( P Q) y y

Q

Set Q0 M Py

L M 2dy

U AB 0

2EI

U AB L M M p L 2 PL3

0 dy y dy

Q EI Q EI 0 3EI

Member BC:

M

M Px QL L

Q

Set Q 0 M Px

L M 2dx

U BC 0

2EI

U BC L M M PL L PL3

0 dx x dx

Q EI Q EI 0 2EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1915

PROBLEM 11.109 (Continued)

M

Member CD: M Qy y

Q

Set Q0 M 0

L M 2dy U CD L M M

U CD 0 0 dy 0

2 EI Q EI Q

PL3 PL3 5PL3

D 0

3EI 2EI 6EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1916

P PROBLEM 11.110

B C

Three rods, each of the same flexural rigidity EI, are welded to form the

frame ABCD. For the loading shown, determine the angle formed by the

L frame at point D.

A D

SOLUTION

Statics: M A 0: M 0 DL PL 0

M0

DP

L

Fx 0: Ax P 0 Ax P

M0

Fy 0: Ay D 0 Ay P

L

Strain energy: U UAB UBC UCD

U

By Castiglianos theorem, D

M0

U AB U BC U CD

D

M0 M0 M0

M L M2

Member AB: M Py

M0

0 UAB 0 2EI

dy

UAB L M M

M0

0 EI M

0

dy 0

M0x

Member BC: M M 0 Dx M 0 Px

L

M x

Set M 0 0 M Px 1

M 0 L

L M2

UBC 0 2 EI

dx

UBC L M M P L x PL2

M0

0 EI M 0

dx

EI 0

x 1 dy

L 6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1917

PROBLEM 11.110 (Continued)

M

Member CD: M M0 1

M0

Set M 0 0 M 0

L M2 U L M M

U 0 2EI

dy

M0

0 EI M 0

dx 0

2

PL PL2

D 0 0 D

6 EI 6 EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1918

P PROBLEM 11.111

C

B

Determine the reaction at the roller support and draw the bending moment

A diagram for the beam and loading shown.

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

Remove support B and add reaction RB as a load.

M2

L/2 L /2 M2

U U AC U CB

0 2 EI

du 0 2EI

dv

U U AB U CB

yB 0

RB RB RB

L M L

Over AC: M RB u Pu , u

2 RB 2

U AB 1 L/2 L L

RB

EI 0

RB u Pu u du

2 2

2

RB L/2

L P L/ 2 L

EI0

u 2 dv

EI 0

u u du

2

R L P 1 L 3 L 1 L 2

3

B L3

3EI 2 EI 3 2 2 2 2

7 RB L3 5 PL3

24 EI 48 EI

M

Over CB: M RB v v

RB

3

U CB 1 L/2 RB L 1 RB L3

RB

EI 0

( RB v)v dv

3EI 2

24 EI

7 1 RB L3 5 PL3 5

yB 0 RB P

24 24 EI 48 EI 16

L 5

M C RB MC PL

2 32

L 5 1 3

M A RB L P PL MA PL

2 16 2 16

MB 0

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1919

M0 PROBLEM 11.112

B

A Determine the reaction at the roller support and draw the bending-moment

diagram for the beam and loading shown.

L

SOLUTION

M2L

U 0 dv

2EI

U 1 L M

yB M R dv 0

RB EI 0 B

M

M RBv M 0 v

RB

1 L

yB ( RBvM 0 ) v dv

EI 0

R L M L

B 0 v 2dv 0 0 v dv

EI EI

RB L3 M 0 L2 3 M0

0 RB

3EI 2 EI 2 L

3 1

M A RB M 0 M 0 M 0 M 0

2 2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1920

M0 PROBLEM 11.113

A

D B

Determine the reaction at the roller support and draw the bending moment

a b diagram for the beam and loading shown.

L

SOLUTION

M2 L

U

0 2EI

dx

U 1 L M

A

RA EI 0

M

RA

dx 0

M

Portion AD: (0 x a ) M RA x x

RA

U AD 1 a RA a 3

RA

EI 0

( RA x)( x) dx

3EI

M

Portion DB: (a x L) M RA x M 0 x

RA

U DB 1 L 1 1 1 2

3 3 2

( RA x M 0 )( x) dx RA ( L a ) M 0 ( L a )

RA EI a EI 3 2

U AD U DB 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 2

A 2

RA a L a M 0 ( L a ) 0

RA RA EI 3 3 3 2

3 M 0 ( L2 a 2 ) 3 M 0b ( L a)

RA RA

2 L3 2 L3

MA 0

3 M 0 ab ( L a)

M D RA a M D

2 L3

3 M 0 ab( L a )

M D M D M 0 M D M0

2 L3

3 M 0 b( L a )

M B RA L M 0 MB M0

2 L2

1

Bending moment diagram drawn to scale for a L.

3

By singularity functions,

M 3M 0b( L a ) x/2 L3 M 0 L a 0

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1921

w PROBLEM 11.114

C

A Determine the reaction at the roller support and draw the bending moment

B diagram for the beam and loading shown.

L/2 L/2

SOLUTION

M2

L L M2

U 02 dx 02 dv

2 EI 2EI

U 1 L2 M 1 L2 M

A M dx M R dv 0

RA EI 0

RA EI 0 A

L M

Portion AC: O x M RA x x

2 RA

U AC 1 L2 RA L3

A( R x )( x ) dx

RA EI 0 24 EI

L

Portion CB: 0 v

2

L 1 M L

M RA v wv 2 v

2 2 RA 2

U CB 1 L L 1 L

R v wv 2 v dv

0 A

RA EI 2 2 2

1 L L

2

1 L

3 L 2

RA 0 v dv w 02 v v dv

2

EI 2 2 2

RA 1 3 1 L 1 L 4 L 1 L 3

3

w

L

EI 3 3 2 2 EI 4 2 2 3 2

1 1 RA L3 7 wL4

3 24 EI 384 EI

U AC U CB 1 RA L3 7 wL4

A 0

RA RA 3 EI 384 EI

7

RA wL

128

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1922

PROBLEM 11.114 (Continued)

7

Bending moments. Over AC: M wLx

128

7

MC wL2 0.02734wL2

256

7 L 1

Over CB: M wL v wv 2

128 2 2

2

7 1 L 9

MB wL2 w wL2

128 2 2 128

M B 0.07031wL2

dM 7 7

wL wvm 0 vm L

dv 128 128

2

7 7 L 1 7

Mm wL L w L

128 128 2 2 128

945

wL2 0.02884wL2

32,768

7

or M wLx w x L /2 2 /2

128

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1923

P PROBLEM 11.115

D B

A Determine the reaction at the roller support and draw the bending moment

diagram for the beam and loading shown.

L 2L

3 3

SOLUTION

M2 L

U

0 2 EIdx

U 1 L M

A

RA EI 0

M

RA

dx

L M

Portion AD: 0 x M RA x x

3 RA

U AD 1 L /3 M 1 L /3

RA

EI 0

M

RA

dx

EI 0

( RA x)( x) dx

3

RA L 1 RA L3

3EI 3 81 EI

L L

Portion DB: x L M RA x P x

3 3

M

x

RA

U DB 1 L M 1 L L

RA

M

EI L/3 RA

dx EI 3

RA P x x dxL/3

R L 2 P L 2 L

A

EI L/3

x dx

EI L/3

x x dx

3

R 3 L 3 P 1 3 L 3 L 2 L 2

A L L L

3EI 3 EI 3 3 6 3

3 3

1 1 R L 1 1 1 1 PL

A

3 81 EI 3 81 6 54 EI

U AD U DB 1 1 1 RA L3 14 PL3

A

RA RA 81 3 81 EI 81 EI

1 RA L3 14 PL3

3 EI 81 EI

0

14

RA P

27

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1924

PROBLEM 11.115 (Continued)

L 14

Bending moments: M D RA PL M D 0.1728PL

3 81

2L 4

M B RA L P PL M B 0.1481PL

3 27

14

By singularity functions, M Px P x L/31

27

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1925

w PROBLEM 11.116

B

A C For the uniform beam and loading shown, determine the reaction at each

support.

L/2 L

SOLUTION

L 1

M B 0 RA wL2 RC L 0

2 2

1 1

RC RA wL

2 2

L M2 L M

2

U U AB U BC 02 dx 0 dv

2 EI 2 EI

U U AB U BC

A 0

RA RA RA

M

Portion AB: M RA x, x

QA

3

U AB 1 L2 M 1 L2 RA L 1 RA L3

M dx ( R A x )( x ) dx

RA EI 0 RA EI 0 3EI 2 24 EI

1 2 1 1 1

Portion BC: M RC v wv RAv wLv wLv 2

2 2 2 2

M 1

v

RA 2

U BC 1 L 1 1 1

RAv w( Lv v 2 ) v dv

RA EI 0 2 2 2

1 L

RAv w( Lv v ) dv

2 2 3

4EI 0

1 L3 L4 L4 RA L3 wL4

RA w

4EI 3 3 4 12 EI 48EI

U AB U BC 1 1 R L3 wL4

A A 0

RA RA 24 12 EI 48EI

1 1

RA wL RA wL

6 6

1 1 1 5

RC wL wL RC wL

2 6 2 12

Fy 0: RA RB RC wL 0

1 5 3

wL RB wL wL 0 RB wL

6 12 4

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1926

PROBLEM 11.117

D C E

Three members of the same material and same cross-sectional area are used to

l support the load P. Determine the force in member BC.

SOLUTION

Add reaction RC as a load.

F 2L U FL F

U yC 0

2 EA RC EA RC

Joint C: FBC RC

P RB

FBD FBE

2cos

Member F F/ RB L ( FL/EA) ( F/ RB )

BD ( P RB )/2cos 1/2 cos l/ cos ( RB P)l/4 EA cos3

BE ( P RB )/2cos 1/2 cos l/ cos ( RB P)l/4 EA cos3

BC RB 1 l RB l/EA

P P

RB FBC RB FBC

1 2cos3 1 2 cos3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1927

PROBLEM 11.118

C

Three members of the same material and same cross-sectional area are

R E

used to support the load P. Determine the force in member BC.

f

D

B

SOLUTION

A Constant

E Constant

FBE FBD / cos

Fy 0: FBC ( FBD / cos )sin P 0; FBC P FBD tan

Fi Li Fi L Fi

xB FL 0

EAi FBD AE FBD

Fi

We have Fi 0

FBD

Fi Fi /FBD Fi Fi /FBD

BD FBD 1 FBD

BC

1

BE FBD / cos FBD / cos 2

cos

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1928

PROBLEM 11.118 (Continued)

Fi 1

Fi FBD 1 tan 2 P tan 0

FBD cos 2

sin

tan cos sin cos

FBD P

1 sin

2

1 cos sin 2 1

2

1 tan 2 1

cos 2 cos cos 2

2

P P

FBD sin cos sin 2

2 4

FBC P FBD tan

1 sin

P sin cos

2 cos

1

P 1 sin 2

2

11 7

2

FBC P 1 P

2 2 8

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1929

PROBLEM 11.119

B

D

308 Three members of the same material and same cross-sectional area are

l used to support the load P. Determine the force in member BC.

A C

l

P

SOLUTION

Cut member BC at end B and replace member force FBC by load FB acting on

member BC at B.

U F 2L 1 F

B F L0

FB FB EA EA FB

3

Joint C: Fy 0: FCD FBC P 0

2

2 2

FCD P FB

3 3

1

Fx 0: FAC FCD 0

2

1 1

FAC P FB

3 3

Member F F/ FB L F ( F/ FB ) L

AC FB 1 l FB l

1 1 1 1 1

BC P FB l Pl FB l

3 3 3 3 3

2 2 2 2 8 8

CD P FB l Pl FB l

3 3 3 3 3 3

1 8 4 8

Pl FB l

3 3 3 3

1 8 Pl 4 8 FB l

B 0

3 3 EA 3 3 EA

1

3

8

3 8 3

FB P P 0.652 P

4

3

8

3

84 3

FBC FB FBC 0.652 P

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1930

PROBLEM 11.120

C

D

Three members of the same material and same cross-sectional area are used to

3

4 l support the load P. Determine the force in member BC.

E

B

l

P

SOLUTION

F 2L 1

U F 2 L

2 EA 2 EA

U 1 F

C F L

FC EA FC

3 5 5

Joint B: Fy 0: FC P FBD 0 FBD P FC

5 3 3

4 4 4

Fx 0: FBE FBD 0 FBE P FC

5 3 3

Member F F/ FC L F ( F/ FC ) L

3 3

BC FC 1 l FC l

4 4

5 5 5 5 125 125

BD P FC l Pl FC l

3 3 3 4 36 36

4 4 4 16 16

BE P FC l Pl FC l

3 3 3 9 9

21

Pl 6 FC l

4

1 21 7 7

C Pl 6 FC l 0 FC P FBC FC FBC P

EA 4 8 8

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1931

P PROBLEM 11.121

A B Knowing that the eight members of the indeterminate truss shown have the

same uniform cross-sectional area, determine the force in member AB.

3

C

4 l

D E

l

SOLUTION

Cut member AB at end A and replace member force FAB by load FA acting on member AB at end A.

U F 2L 1 F

A F L0

FA FA 2 EA EA FA

4 5

Joint B: Fx 0: FA FBD 0 FBD FA

5 4

3 3

Fy 0: P FBE FBD 0 FBE P FA

5 4

3 5 5

Joint E: Fy 0: FBE FAE 0 FAE P FA

5 3 4

4 4

Fx 0: FAE FDE 0 FDE P FA

5 3

3

Joint D: Fy 0: FAD FBD 0

5

3

FAD FA

4

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1932

PROBLEM 11.121 (Continued)

Member F F/ FA L F ( F/ FA ) L

AB FA 1 l FAl

3 3 3 27

AD FA l FAl

4 4 4 64

5 5 5 5 125 125

AE P FA l Pl FAl

3 4 4 4 48 64

5 5 5 125

BD FA l FAl

4 4 4 64

3 3 3 9 27

BE P FA l Pl FAl

4 4 4 16 64

4 4

DE P FA 1 l Pl FAl

3 3

9 27

Pl FAl

2 4

1 9 27

A Pl FAl 0

EA 2 4

2

FA P

3

2

FAB FA FAB P

3

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1933

A B PROBLEM 11.122

3

C Knowing that the eight members of the indeterminate truss shown have the

4 l same uniform cross-sectional area, determine the force in member AB.

D E

l

P

SOLUTION

Cut member AB at end A and replace member force FAB by load FA acting on member AB at end A.

U F 2L 1 F

A F L0

FA FA 2EA EA FA

5 3

Joint B: FBD FA FBE FA

4 4

3

Joint E: Fy 0: FBE P FAE

5

5 5

FAE P FBE

3 3

5 5

P FA

3 4

4

Fx 0: FAE FDE 0

5

4 4

FDE FAE P FA

5 3

3

Joint D: Fy 0: FAD FDB 0

5

3 3

FAD FDB FA

5 4

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1934

PROBLEM 11.122 (Continued)

Member F F/ FA L F ( F/ FA ) L

AB FA 1 l FAl

3 3 3 27

AD FA l FAl

4 4 4 64

5 5 5 5 125 125

AE P FA l Pl FAl

3 4 4 4 48 64

5 5 5 125

BD FA l FAl

4 4 4 64

3 3 3 27

BE FA l FAl

4 4 4 64

4 4

DE P FA 1 l Pl FAl

3 3

63 27

Pl FAl

16 4

1 63 27

A Pl FAl 0

EA 16 4

7

FA P

12

7

FAB FA FAB P

12

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1935

1.6 m

PROBLEM 11.123

1.2 m

C Rod AB is made of a steel for which the yield strength is Y 450 MPa

B and E 200 GPa; rod BC is made of an aluminum alloy for which

Y 280 MPa and E 73 GPa. Determine the maximum strain energy

A

that can be acquired by the composite rod ABC without causing any

P

14-mm diameter permanent deformations.

10-mm diameter

SOLUTION

AAB (10) 2 78.54 mm 2

4

78.54 106 m 2

ABC (14) 2 153.94 mm 2

4

153.94 106 m 2

35.343 103 N

43.103 103 N

P 2 LAB P 2 LBC (35.343 103 )2 (1.2)

U

2 E AB AAB 2 EBC ABC (2)(200 109 )(78.54 106 )

(35.343 103 ) 2 (1.6)

(2)(73 109 )(153.94 106 )

U 136.6 J

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1936

B PROBLEM 11.124

3 in2

4 ft

Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has the

cross-sectional area shown. Using E 29 106 psi, determine

D C the strain energy of the truss for the loading shown.

20 kips

2

4 in

24 kips

7.5 ft

SOLUTION

LCD 7.5 ft 90 in.

ABC 3 in 2 , ACD 4 in 2

E 29,000 ksi

Equilibrium at joint C.

4

Fy 0: FBC 24 0 FBC 51 kips

8.5

7.5

Fx 0: FCD (51 kips) 20 kips 0

8.5

FCD 25 kips

Strain energy.

Fi 2 Li F2 L F2 L

U BC BC CD CD

2 EAi 2EABC 2 EACD

(51)2 (102) (25) 2 (90)

(2)(29,000)(3) (2)(29,000)(4)

1.5247 0.2425

U 1.767 in. kip

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1937

A PROBLEM 11.125

The ship at A has just started to drill for oil on the ocean floor at a depth of

5000 ft. The steel drill pipe has an outer diameter of 8 in. and a uniform

5000 ft wall thickness of 0.5 in. Knowing that the top of the drill pipe rotates

through two complete revolutions before the drill bit at B starts to operate

and using G 11.2 106 psi, determine the maximum strain energy acquired

B by the drill pipe.

SOLUTION

(2) (2 ) 4 rad

L 5000 ft 60 103 in.

do

co 4 in. ci co t 3.5 in.

2

J

2

c

4

o

ci4 166.406 in 4

TL GJ

T

GJ L

2

T 2 L GJ L GJ 2

U

2GJ L 2GJ 2L

(11.2 106 )(166.406)(4 ) 2

U U 2.45 106 in. lb

(2)(60 103 )

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1938

PROBLEM 11.126

A

Bronze

E 105 GPa Collar D is released from rest in the position shown and is stopped by a

4m 12-mm diameter small plate attached at end C of the vertical rod ABC. Determine the mass

of the collar for which the maximum normal stress in portion BC is

B Aluminum 125 MPa.

E 70 GPa

2.5 m D 9-mm diameter

0.6 m

C

SOLUTION

2

ABC (9) 63.617 mm 2 63.617 106 m 2

4

Pm m ABC 7952 N

Pm2 LBC (7952)2 (2.5)

U BC 17.750 J

2 EBC ABC (2)(70 109 )(63.617 106 )

AAB (12)2 113.907 mm 2 113.907 106 m 2

4

P2 L (7952) 2 (4)

U AB m AB 10.574 J

2 E AB AAB (2)(105 109 )(113.907 106 )

U m U BC U AB 28.324 J

Corresponding elongation m :

1

Pm m U m

2

2U m (2)(28.324)

m 7.12 103 m

Pm 7952

Um 28.324

m m 4.76 kg

gh (9.81)(0.60712)

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1939

1.5 m

PROBLEM 11.127

A B

Each member of the truss shown is made of steel and has a cross-

C sectional area 400 mm 2. Using E 200 GPa, determine the deflection

0.8 m

of point D caused by the 16-kN load.

D E

16 kN

SOLUTION

Equilibrium of entire truss.

M A 0: D 0

Fx 0: Ax 0

Fy 0: Ay 16 kN

Equilibrium of joint A.

From the force triangle,

FACE F 16 kN

AB

17 15 8

FAB 30 kN (compression)

FACE 34 kN (tension)

By symmetry,

FDE 30 kN (compression)

FBCD 34 kN (tension)

Equilibrium of joint B.

8

Fy 0: FACE FBE 0

17

8

(34 kN) FBE 0 FBE 16 kN

17

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1940

PROBLEM 11.127 (Continued)

E 200 GPa 200 109 Pa

EA (200 109 )(400 106 ) 80 106 N

Fi 2 Li 1

Strain energy: U Fi 2 Li

2 EA 2 EA

Fi (kN) Li (m) Fi 2 Li

AB 30 1.5 1350

DE 30 1.5 1350

ACE 34 1.7 1965.2

BCD 34 1.7 1965.2

BE 16 0.8 204.8

6835.2 (kN) 2 m

6.8352 109 N 2 m

6.8352 109

U 42.72 N m

(2)(80 106 )

Principle of work and energy:

1

P U ( P 16 kN 16 103 N)

2

1

(16 103 ) 42.72 5.34 103 m

2

Deflection of point D. 5.34 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1941

PROBLEM 11.128

A block of weight W is placed in contact with a beam at some given point D and released. Show that the

resulting maximum deflection at point D is twice as large as the deflection due to a static load W applied at D.

SOLUTION

Consider dropping the weight from a height h above the beam. The work done by the weight is

Work W (h ym )

1 1

Strain energy: U Pm ym kym2

2 2

where k is the spring constant of the beam for loading at point D.

1 2

Equating work and energy, W ( h ym ) kym .

2

1 2 2W

Setting h 0, Wym kym , ym .

2 k

The static deflection at point D due to weight applied at D is

W

st . ym 2 st

k

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1942

C PROBLEM 11.129

50 mm

60 mm

Two solid steel shafts are connected by the gears

A

40 mm shown. Using the method of work and energy,

determine the angle through which end D rotates

when T 820 N m. Use G 77.2 GPa.

B

0.40 m 100 mm D

T

0.60 m

SOLUTION

1

Shaft CD: T 820 N m c d 20 mm 0.020 m

2

J c4 (0.020)4 251.33 109 m 4

2 2

G 77.2 109 Pa, L 0.60 m

T 2L (820)2 (0.60)

U CD 10.397 J

2GJ (2)(77.2 109 )(251.33 109 )

TCD T

Equilibrium of shafts: AB

rC rB

rB 100 mm

TAB TCD (820 N m) 1366.67 N m

rC 60 mm

1

Shaft AB: T 1366.67 N m c d 25 mm 0.025 m

2

J c4 (0.025)4 613.59 106 m 4

2 2

G 77.2 109 Pa, L 0.40 m

2

T L (1366.67) 2 (0.40)

U AB 7.886 J

2GJ (2)(77.2 109 )(613.59 109 )

Total strain energy: U U CD U AB 18.283 J

1 2U (2)(18.283)

T U 0.04459 rad

2 TA 820

2.55

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1943

A PROBLEM 11.130

B The 12-mm-diameter steel rod ABC has been bent into the shape

shown. Knowing that E 200 GPa and G 77.2 GPa, determine

the deflection of end C caused by the 150-N force.

C l 200 mm

l 200 mm

P 150 N

SOLUTION

4

12

J c4 2.0358 103 mm 4

2 2 2

2.0358 109 m 4

1

I J 1.0179 109 m 4

2

Portion AB: bending M Px

LAB M2 P2 LAB

UAB , b 0 2EI

dx

2EI 0

x 2dx

6 EI (6)(200 109 )(1.0179 109 )

0.14736 J

torsion T PLBC

UAB , t

2GJ 2GJ

(150) (200 103 ) 2 (200 103 )

2

(2)(77.2 109 )(2.0358 109 )

0.57265 J

Portion BC: M Px

LBC M2 P2 LBC P 2 L3BC

UBC 0 2EI

dx

3EI 0

x 2dx

6 EI

(150) 2 (200 103 )3

0.14736 J

(6)(200 109 )(1.0179 109 )

Total: U UAB, b UAB, t UBC 0.86737 J

1 2U (2)(0.86737)

Work-energy: P U

2 P 150

11.57 103 m 11.57 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1944

P P PROBLEM 11.131

D E

A B For the prismatic beam shown, determine the slope at point D.

SOLUTION

Reactions:

L L

M E 0: AL P P M0 0

2 2

M0

A

L

L L

M A 0: EL P L P M 0 0

2 2

M

E 2P 0

L

Strain energy: U U AD U DE U EB

Slope at point D (formula).

U U AD U DE U EB

D

M 0 M 0 M 0 M 0

L

Portion AD: 0 x

2

M2 L/2

UAD

0 2 EI

dx

M M x

M 0x

L M 0 L

Set M 0 0 so that M 0.

U AD 1 L /2 M

M 0

EI 0

M

M 0

dx 0

L L M2

Portion DE: x L

2

U DE L/ 2 2 EI

dx

L x L

M Ax P x M 0 M 0 1 P x

2 L 2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1945

PROBLEM 11.131 (Continued)

M x L

1; Set M 0 0 so that M P x .

M 0 L 2

U DE 1 L M P L L x

M 0

EI L/2

M

M 0

dx

EI

L/2

x 2 1 L dx

P 3 L x2 L

EI

x

L/2 2

dx

L 2

P 3 x 2

L L L

x3 Lx

EI 2 2 L /2 3L L / 2 2 L /2

PL2 3 3 1 1 1 1 PL

3

EI 4 16 3 24 2 4 48 EI

L L /2 M2

Portion EB: 0 v

2

U EB 0 2EI

dx

M U EB 1 L/2 M

M Pv

M 0

0

M 0

EI 0

M

M 0

dv 0

PL2

Slope at point D. D 0 0

48EI

PL2

D

48EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1946

PROBLEM 11.132

L

A disk of radius a has been welded to end B of the solid steel shaft

AB. A cable is then wrapped around the disk and a vertical force P is

A applied to end C of the cable. Knowing that the radius of the shaft is

a and neglecting the deformations of the disk and of the cable, show

that the deflection of point C caused by the application of P is

a

B PL3 Ea 2

C 1 1.5 2 .

3EI GL

C

SOLUTION

Torsion: T Pa

T 2 L P2 a2 L

Ut

2GJ 2GJ

Bending: M Pv

L M 2 dv L P 2 v 2 dv

Ub 0 2 EI

0 2 EI

2 3

P L

6 EI

P 2 a 2 L P 2 L3 1

Total: U P C

2GJ 6 EI 2

2

Pa L PL 3

PL3 3EIa 2

C 1

GJ 3EI 3EI GJL2

PL3 Ea 2

Since J 2I , C 1 1.5 2

3EI GL

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1947

B C PROBLEM 11.133

(a) the horizontal deflection of point D, (b) the slope at point D.

A P

D

SOLUTION

M M

Member AB: M M A RA y M D P y y, 1

P MD

l M2

U AB 0 2EI

dy

Set M D 0.

UAB 1 l M 1 l Pl 3

P

EI 0

M

P

dy

EI 0

( Py ) y dy

3EI

UAB 1 l M 1 l Pl 2

M 0 EI 0

M

M0

dy

EI 0

( Py )(1) dy

2EI

M M

Member BC: M M A RAl MD Pl l, 1

P MD

l M2

UBC 0 2 EI

dx

Set M D 0.

UBC 1 l M 1 l Pl 3

P

EI 0

M

P

dx

EI 0

( Pl )(l ) dx

EI

UBC 1 l M 1 l Pl 2

MD EI 0

M

MD

dx

EI 0

( Pl )(1) dx

EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1948

PROBLEM 11.133 (Continued)

M M

Member CD: M M D Py y 1

P MD

l M2

UCD 0 2 EI

dy

Set M D 0.

UCD 1 l M 1 l Pl 3

P

EI 0

M

P

dy

EI 0

( Py )( y ) dy

3EI

U CD 1 l M 1 l Pl 2

M D EI 0

M

MD

dy

EI 0

( Py )(1) dy

2 EI

UAB UBC UCD 1 1 Pl 3 5Pl 3

P 1 P

P P P 3 3 EI 3EI

(b) Slope at point D.

UAB UBC UCD 1 1 Pl 2 2 Pl 2

D 1 D

MD MD MD 2 2 EI EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1949

D PROBLEM 11.134

0.2-in. diameter The steel bar ABC has a square cross section of side 0.75 in. and is

25 in. subjected to a 50-lb load P. Using E 29 106psi for the rod BD and the

P bar, determine the deflection of point C.

A C

B

30 in.

10 in.

SOLUTION

M A 0: 10 FBD (40)(50) 0 FBD 200 lb

ABD (0.2)2 31.416 103 in 2

4

2

FBD LBD (200) 2 (25)

U BD

2 EA (2)(29 106 )(31.416 103 )

0.5488 in. lb

1

Member ABC: I (0.75)(0.75)3 26.367 103 in 4

12

x

Portion AB: M 1500 150 x

10

10 M 2 1502 10 2

UAB

0 2 EI

dx

2 EI 0

x dx

(150) (103 )2

(2)(29 106 )(26.367 103 )(3)

4.904 in. lb

Portion BC: M 50v

30 M2 502 30

UBC 0 2 EI

dv

2 EI 0

v 2dv

(50)2 (30)3

14.713 in. lb

(2)(29 106 )(26.367 103 )(3)

Total: U U BD U AB U BD 20.166 in. lb

1

P C U

2

2U (2)(20.166)

C C 0.807 in.

P 50

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1950

PROBLEM 11.C1

Element n

A rod consisting of n elements, each of which is homogeneous

Element i

Element 1 and of uniform cross section, is subjected to a load P applied at

its free end. The length of element i is denoted by Li and its

diameter by di . (a) Denoting by E the modulus of elasticity of

P the material used in the rod, write a computer program that can

be used to determine the strain energy acquired by the rod and

the deformation measured at its free end. (b) Use this program to

determine the strain energy and deformation for the rods of

Probs. 11.9 and 11.10.

SOLUTION

Enter: P and E

For each element

Enter Ai and Di

Compute:

P

Normal stress: i

Ai

P 2 Li

Strain energy: Ui

2 Ai E

i2

Strain energy density: u

2E

Total strain energy.

Update through n elements.

U U Ui

Total deformation.

1 2U

P U :

2 P

Program Outputs

Problem 11.9

Axial load 8.000 kips Modulus of elasticity 29 106 psi

Element in. L in. ksi in. lb lb in./in3

1 24.000 0.022 26.08 86.32 11.72

2 36.000 0.022 18.11 89.92 5.65

Total deformation 0.0441 in.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1951

PROBLEM 11.C1 (Continued)

Problem 11.10

Axial load 25.000 kN Modulus of elasticity 200 GPa

Element m L mm MPa J kJ/m3

1 0.80 0.497 124.34 6.22 38.65

2 1.20 0.477 79.58 5.97 15.83

Total deformation 0.9748 mm

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1952

PROBLEM 11.C2

F 1500 lb 3

6 in. Two 0.75 6-in. cover plates are welded to a

D C h E 4

W8 18 rolled-steel beam as shown. The 1500-lb

A B block is to be dropped from a height h 2 in. onto

the beam. (a) Write a computer program to calculate

W8 18

the maximum normal stress on transverse sections

just to the left of D and at the center of the beam for

a a values of a from 0 to 60 in. using 5-in. increments.

60 in. 60 in. (b) From the values considered in part a, select the

distance a for which the maximum normal stress is as

small as possible. Use E 29 106 psi.

SOLUTION

For AD and EB: W8 18:

I1 61.9 in 4 S1 15.2 in 3

For DCE: W8 18 plus cover plates:

239.72 in 4

I2

S2

(4.07 0.75)

239.72

4.82

49.7 in 3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ym Pm where influence coefficient. See next page for determination of .

1 1 ym2

U2 Pm ym

2 2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1953

PROBLEM 11.C2 (Continued)

1 ym2

wh wym

2

or ym2 2 w ym 2 wh

A

Position 1 Position 2

Program solution of

A for ym

For a 0 to 60 in., Step 5 in.:

Solve

A for ym , Pm ym / , yst w

1 1

D 1 Pm a/S1 ; c 2 Pm L/S 2

2 4

Print: a, yst , ym , Pm , 1 , 2 , and ( 1 2 )

Repeat with smaller intervals to find a for ( 1 2 ) 0

This is the distance a for max as small as possible.

Determination of : is deflection at c for a unit load at C.

2a L

t A /C A1 A2

3 3

1 a 1 1 a 2a 1 L L L

2 EI1 I1 I 2 2 3 2 4 EI 2 2 3

1 1 1 3

a 3 L 6E

I1 I 2 8 I 2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1954

PROBLEM 11.C2 (Continued)

Program Output

Beam W8 18 with two 6 by 0.75-in. cover plates

h 2 in. W 1500 lb L 120 in.

in. in. in. lb ksi ksi ksi

0.00 0.00777 0.1842 35,572 0.00 21.46 21.46

5.00 0.00778 0.1844 35,544 5.85 21.44 15.59

10.00 0.00787 0.1855 35,348 11.63 21.32 9.69

15.00 0.00812 0.1885 34,834 17.19 21.01 3.82

20.00 0.00859 0.1942 33,896 22.30 20.45 1.85

25.00 0.00938 0.2033 32,509 26.73 19.61 7.13

30.00 0.01056 0.2163 30,736 30.33 18.54 11.79

35.00 0.01220 0.2334 28,706 33.05 17.32 15.73

40.00 0.01438 0.2546 26,563 34.95 16.02 18.93

45.00 0.01718 0.2799 24,436 36.17 14.74 21.43

50.00 0.02068 0.3090 22,415 36.87 13.52 23.35

55.00 0.02496 0.3419 20,550 37.18 12.40 24.78

60.00 0.03008 0.3783 18,862 37.23 11.38 25.85

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Use smaller increments to seek the smallest maximum normal stress.

18.33 0.00840 0.1919 34,259 20.657 20.665 0.01

18.34 0.00840 0.1920 34,257 20.667 20.664 0.00

18.35 0.00841 0.1920 34,255 20.677 20.663 0.01

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Smallest max. stress 20.67 ksi

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1955

PROBLEM 11.C3

D onto the free end of the steel bar AB. For the steel

h used all 120 MPa and E 200 GPa. (a) Write

24 mm a computer program to calculate the maximum

A

B allowable height h for values of the length L from

100 mm to 1.2 m, using 100-mm increments.

L (b) From the values considered in part a, select

the length corresponding to the largest allowable

height.

SOLUTION

m 16 kg, g 9.81 m/s 2

I I

I d 4 /12 S d 3 /b

c d/2

For L 100 m to 1200 m, Step 100 mm

L L /1000

yst mgL3 /3EI

M max all S

Pmax M max /L

ymax Pmax L3 /3EI

From Problem 11.69, Page 705,

2h Solve for y

2 y

ym yst 1 1

h max

1 1 st

yst yst 2

Print: L, yst , ymax , Pmax , M max , h

Return

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1956

PROBLEM 11.C3 (Continued)

Program Output

Problem 11.C3

m 16.0 kg d 24 mm 120 MPa G 200 GPa

mm mm mm N Nm mm

100 0.00946 0.167 2764.8 276.48 1.301

200 0.07569 0.667 1382.4 276.48 2.269

300 0.25547 1.500 921.6 276.48 2.904

400 0.60556 2.667 691.2 276.48 3.205

500 1.18273 4.167 553.0 276.48 3.173

600 2.04375 6.000 460.8 276.48 2.807

700 3.24540 8.167 395.0 276.48 2.109

800 4.84445 10.667 345.6 276.48 1.076

900 6.89766 13.500 307.2 276.48 0.289

1000 9.46181 16.667 276.5 276.48 1.988

1100 12.59367 20.167 251.3 276.48 4.020

1200 16.35000 24.000 230.4 276.48 6.385

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Use smaller increments to seek the largest height h.

435 0.77883 3.154 635.6 276.48 3.2316

440 0.80599 3.227 628.4 276.48 3.2320

445 0.83378 3.300 621.3 276.48 3.2317

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1957

D m PROBLEM 11.C4

h

The block D of mass m 8 kg is dropped from a height

A B

E h 750 mm onto the rolled-steel beam AB. Knowing that

W150 13.5 E 200 GPa, write a computer program to calculate the maximum

a deflection of point E and the maximum normal stress in the beam

1.8 m for values of a from 100 to 900 mm, using 100-mm increments.

SOLUTION

m 8 kg, g 9.81 m/s 2

I 6.87 106 m 4

S 91.6 106 m 4

For a 100 mm to 900 mm, Step 100 mm

a a /1000

b La

See Prob. 11.71, page 705 yst mga 2b 2 /3EIL

Influence coefficient for E

a 2b 2 /3EIL

for unit load at E

2h

See Prob. 11.69, page 705 ym yst 1 1

yst

Pmax ym /

M max Pmax ab /L

max M max /S

Print: a, yst , ym , Pmax , max

Return

Problem 11.C4

Beam: W150 13.5

I 6.87 106 m 4

S 91.6 106 m3

L 1.8 m

h 750 mm

m 8 kg

g 9.81 m/s 2

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1958

PROBLEM 11.C4 (Continued)

mm mm mm N MPa

100 0.0003 0.6775 173.93 179.33

200 0.0011 1.2757 92.43 179.40

300 0.0021 1.7946 65.75 179.46

400 0.0033 2.2339 52.85 179.51

500 0.0045 2.5936 45.55 179.55

600 0.0055 2.8734 41.13 179.59

700 0.0063 3.0734 38.46 179.61

800 0.0068 3.1934 37.02 179.63

900 0.0069 3.2334 36.56 179.63

Note the small variation in max. This is due to the energy acquired by the mass as it falls through ymax.

See Prob. 11.147, page 731, for a case where energy delivered is constant and max is also constant.

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1959

PROBLEM 11.C5

10-mm diameter

6-mm diameter

The steel rods AB and BC are made of a steel for which

B

A Y 300 MPa and E 200 GPa. (a) Write a computer program to

a C calculate for values of a from 0 to 6 m, using 1-m increments, the

P maximum strain energy that can be acquired by the assembly

6m without causing any permanent deformation. (b) For each value of

a considered, calculate the diameter of a uniform rod of length 6 m

and of the same mass as the original assembly, and the maximum

strain energy that could be acquired by this uniform rod without

causing permanent deformation.

SOLUTION

2

Area AB (0.010 m) , Area BC (0.006 m) 2

4 4

Pm Y Area BC

For a 0 to 6 m, Step 1 m

Pm2 a La

U

2 E Area AB Area BC

vol a (Area AB ) ( L a )(Area BC )

4vol

d

L

Area new d2

4

Pnew Y (Area new )

2

Pnew L

U new

2 E (Area new )

Print: a, U , vol, d , Pnew , U new

Return

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1960

PROBLEM 11.C5 (Continued)

Program Output

Problem 11.C5

Y 300 MPa, Pm 8482 N, L 6 m, E 200 GPa

m J m3 mm N J

0.00 38.17 169.65 6.00 8482.30 38.17

1.00 34.10 219.91 6.83 10,995.58 49.48

2.00 30.03 270.18 7.57 13,508.85 60.79

3.00 25.96 320.44 8.25 16,022.12 72.10

4.00 21.88 370.71 8.87 18,535.40 83.41

5.00 17.81 420.97 9.45 21,048.67 94.72

6.00 13.74 471.24 10.00 23,561.95 106.03

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1961

PROBLEM 11.C6

a diving board having the uniform cross section shown.

2.65 in.

20 in. Write a computer program to calculate for values of a from

B

A

C 10 to 50 in., using 10-in. increments, (a) the maximum

deflection of point C, (b) the maximum bending moment in

a 16 in. the board, (c) the equivalent static load. Assume that the

12 ft divers legs remain rigid and use E 1.8 106 psi.

SOLUTION

E 1.8 106 psi

I (16 in.)(2.65 in.)3 /12

S (16 in.)(2.65 in.)2 /6

1 1 ym2

U2 Pm ym

2 2

work w(h ym )

work U 2

1 ym2 Position 2

w(h ym ) A Position 1

2

For a 10 in. to 50 in., Step 10 in.

Solve A for ym , Pm ym /

M max M B Pm ( L a)

M max /S

Print a, ym , Pm , M m ,

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1962

PROBLEM 11.C6 (Continued)

Program Output

a ym Pm Max. M

in. in. lb kip in. psi

10 14.622 757.7 101.532 5422

20 13.262 802.6 99.519 5314

30 11.950 855.6 97.536 5208

40 10.683 919.1 95.583 5104

50 9.462 996.4 93.661 5001

M-Diagram

1 M2

U

2

(1 lb)

2EI

dx

1 a

2

La 2 La

2

2EI

0

a x dx

0

v 2 dv

1 ( L a ) 2 a 3 ( L a )3

EI a 2 3 3

1

( L a) 2 a ( L a )3

3EI

Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted

on a website, in whole or part.

1963

- Mechanics of Deformable Bodies.pdfEnviado porEmmanuel Del Rosario
- Beermom Ism FmEnviado porLucasFreitas
- Strengths of Materials - CH.10 SolutionsEnviado porbbarry138
- Mechanics of Materials 7th Edition Beer Johnson Chapter 6Enviado porRiston Smith
- Chapter 11Enviado porGiovani de Morais
- BeerMOM_ISM_FM.pdfEnviado pordiegopena
- BeerMOM_ISM_C01.pdfEnviado por박송환
- 345021434-Mechanics-of-Materials-7th-Edition-Beer-Johnson-Chapter-7.pdfEnviado porRafael Lima
- Gravity Dam DesignEnviado porgigiosss
- Chapter 11Enviado porHenry Hong
- Beer SolutionsEnviado porSkyeS
- Gravity DamEnviado porFarhat Javed
- Beer Solutions Chapter 9Enviado porSkyeS
- atv-dvwk_m_127_e_pt2Enviado porMehmet Emre Bastopcu
- Mechanics of Materials 7th Edition Beer Johnson Chapter 8Enviado porRiston Smith
- 1-8-3.pdfEnviado pormehdi
- MANIK1Enviado porMandar Zanpure
- 4........cftEnviado poranisha2007
- 86645792 Ejma7r2 Bellows Worksheet 1Enviado porNamık
- Carcass Strength Relationships Conveyor BeltsEnviado porEduardo Martinez Chaban
- Mechanical Proprties of MaterilsEnviado porSangeetha Khandare
- PKG 825 Lab 1 Mechanical propertiesEnviado porFanni09
- 28 - Forged Steel Cast Aluminum and Cast Iron in Safety Critical Automotive ComponentsEnviado porAndy
- MECHANICAL_PROPERTIESEnviado porAnonymous k8rDEsJsU1
- BRC Strength of MaterialsEnviado porMarco Miso
- Compression-after-Impact Strength of Sandwich Panels with Core Crushing DamageEnviado porMihaela Nastase
- Gravity Dam DesignEnviado porcivengbridge64
- CH5 -Mechanical Properties of Mat..pdfEnviado porAwais Aslam
- Capacity Based DesignEnviado pornagaraju

- 2012 Static Aeroelastic Analysis of Very Flexible Wings Ba 2013 Chinese Journal oEnviado pordiegopena
- Chapter 3.22 to 4Enviado porCassio Jl
- Exercícios resolvidos do livro HIBBELER - ESTÁTICA - MECANICA PARA ENGENHARIA - 10ª Edição Cap I ao IIIEnviado porVinicius Braga
- BeerMOM_ISM_FM.pdfEnviado pordiegopena
- 00 - IntroEnviado pordiegopena
- Chapter_5_lecture.pptEnviado pordiegopena
- Tabelas Termodinâmicas Livro do Van WylenEnviado porWillian Tenfen
- Statics Chapter 4 Hibbler 13th editionEnviado porJonathan Miklos
- Tabelas Termodinamicas 1Enviado porcalebelima
- hibbler4Enviado porIram Chavira
- Tabelas TermodinâmicaEnviado porAdemir Junior
- Termodinamica CengelEnviado porJulio Oliva
- 2009 Paper Análise Computacional Do Escoamento Sobre Uma Aeronave Otimizada Em Escala ReduzidaEnviado pordiegopena
- Timoshenko-Resistencia-De-Materiales-Tomo-I.pdfEnviado pordiegopena
- Flutter Calculations for a Model Wing Usint the MSC Nastran Structural Analysis ProgramEnviado pordiegopena
- Scanned Image 1Enviado porFernanda Marques
- 2013 WANG Aeroelastic and Flight Dynamics Analysis of Folding Wing SystemsEnviado pordiegopena
- ch07.pdfEnviado pordiegopena
- flds_newpanEnviado porAndrea Meschini

- Best Practices in Compressor and Gas-Engine MountingEnviado porzhangj5
- MBrace FibreEnviado porFrancois-
- Specification 33 KV LineEnviado porSatyaprasad Nimmakayala
- Procedure-Soil Nailing and ShotcreteEnviado porcharlessimo
- Boiler PressureEnviado porkeshav44
- Tutorial3-Shear and TorsionEnviado porKunal Shrote
- Mechanics 24Enviado porolwe90
- Mtech Civil GeoengEnviado porAbhishek Bagarty
- TO STUDY THE WOVEN FABRIC OF BAMBOO&TENCEL FOR COMPFORT PROPERTIESEnviado porantonytechno
- Week 9 - Linear Structural Analysis - Lecture Presentation.pdfEnviado porAngelo Giovanni Oñate Soto
- Importance of Non-simulated Failure Modes in Incremental Dynamic Analysis (Ida) of Non-ductile Rc FramesEnviado porcontrerasc_sebastian988
- Chapter 3Enviado porMinh Tâm Trần
- belzonaEnviado porsibi_s_raj
- Steel Frame AnalysisEnviado pornathanabs
- 252300873 Bs5950 Calculation Decking SheetEnviado porKho C Ahl
- Material Sine VoestalpineEnviado porMircea
- Shear Behaviour of Soft Rock Joints Under Constant Normal Stiffness by Asadul Haque 1999_PhD ThesisEnviado pormuntazir999
- MetalsEnviado porKevin Melliza
- TG1-Side 20170829Enviado porikanyu79
- Tesis HaroldEnviado porRohan Baj
- Analysis of Self Supported Reinforced Concrete Chimney With Geometry VariationEnviado porIRJET Journal
- 2008 10 NZ Control of Contraction Induced Cracking[1]Enviado pork#
- Wireline Works Tech-BulletinsEnviado porRio de Mario
- 00 - Propriedades Do Cobre (Www_copper_org)Enviado pornicacio_89507470
- Lateral Torsional Buckling of Castellated i Beam With Corrugated WebEnviado porbiomechanics
- IS 280-1978Enviado porJohnson Sunder
- Damage Tolerance Analysis of a Fuselage Stiffened Panel With a Broken FrameEnviado porInternational Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
- ImpDieCase-forgingsEnviado porpavilam
- Evaluation of Load Transfer and Strut Strength of Deep BeamEnviado porProfessor Dr. Nabeel Al-Bayati-Consultant Engineer
- RC Solid Slab Bridge DesignEnviado porChhon Chhour