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Balano Hdrico Climatolgico - Thornthwaite & Mather, 1955.

Instrues Gustavo D'Angiolella


BHdrico GD V.3.2 - 2002
Localidade Braslia, DF. Mtodo Thornthwaite, 1948
Latitude -15.78 Altitude 1100.00 CAD 100
Anemmetro 10.00 Perodo 1961-1990 Bordadura 5.00
Tempo Tmx. Tmn. Tmd. UR Evaporao Prec. Insolao Vento Porcentagem de
Meses C C C % mm mm horas m/s luz solar (p).
Jan 26.9 17.4 24.5 77.7 85.7 180.7 6.4 1.5 0.26
Fev 26.7 17.4 24.6 78.9 77.7 157.8 6.6 1.5 0.26
Mar 27.1 17.5 24.5 80.3 80.0 152.5 5.9 1.5 0.27
Abr 26.6 16.8 24.2 79.1 78.0 89.4 5.6 1.4 0.28
Mai 25.7 15.0 23.3 71.8 105.9 19.1 5.5 1.5 0.29
Jun 25.2 13.3 22.0 64.9 139.3 2.4 5.3 1.7 0.29
Jul 25.1 12.9 22.0 58.4 173.5 1.5 5.7 1.8 0.29
Ago 27.3 14.6 23.5 49.2 222.3 5.1 5.6 1.9 0.28
Set 28.3 16.0 25.9 47.1 234.3 22.5 5.7 2.0 0.28
Out 27.5 17.4 26.3 61.4 178.7 107.5 5.6 1.8 0.27
Nov 26.6 17.5 25.3 72.2 110.8 182.0 5.7 1.7 0.26
Dez 26.2 17.5 24.6 77.7 89.1 208.6 6.2 1.6 0.25
Mdia 26.6 16.1 24.2 68.2 131.3 94.1 5.8 1.7 0.27
Total/Ano - - - - 1575.3 1129.1 2117.0 - -

Tempo ETP P-ETP ARM ALT ETR DEF EXC Prova


NEG-AC
Meses mm mm mm mm mm mm mm Real
Jan 118.0 62.7 0.0 100.0 0.0 118.0 0.0 62.7 ETP=ETR+DEF
Fev 105.2 52.6 0.0 100.0 0.0 105.2 0.0 52.6 1273.9
Mar 111.5 41.0 0.0 100.0 0.0 111.5 0.0 41.0
Abr 100.0 -10.6 -10.6 89.9 -10.1 99.5 0.5 0.0 P=ETR+EXC
Mai 89.2 -70.1 -80.7 44.6 -45.3 64.4 24.8 0.0 1129.1
Jun 71.2 -68.8 -149.6 22.4 -22.2 24.6 46.6 0.0
Jul 74.1 -72.6 -221.6 10.9 -11.5 13.0 61.1 0.0 P=ETP+(P-ETP)
Ago 93.1 -88.0 -310.1 4.5 -6.4 11.5 81.6 0.0 1129.1
Set 125.5 -103.0 -413.5 1.6 -2.9 25.4 100.1 0.0
Out 140.9 -33.4 -442.3 1.2 -0.4 107.9 33.0 0.0 S ALT
Nov 124.9 57.1 0.0 58.3 57.1 124.9 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dez 120.3 88.3 0.0 100.0 41.7 120.3 0.0 46.6
Mdia 106.2 -12.1 -135.7 - - 77.2 29.0 16.9 P-ETP=EXC-DEF
Total/Ano 1273.9 -144.8 -1628.4 - - 926.2 347.7 202.9 -144.8

Gustavo D'Angiolella BHdrico GD V.3.2 - 2002


Balano Hdrico Climatolgico - Thornthwaite & Mather, 1955.
Mtodo de Estimativa da ETP: Thornthwaite, 1948
Localidade: Braslia, DF.
CAD (mm): 100

Balano Hdrico Climatolgico Armazenamento: Mximo & Efetivo


150.0 120
Dficit Retirada Reposio CAD
0.0 0.0 0.0 100
100.0 100
0.0 0.0 0.0 100
Thornthwaite, 1948 0.0 0.0 0.0 100
50.0 Tanque Classe A 80 -0.5 -10.1 0.0 100
Penman-Monteith-FAO -24.8 -45.3 0.0 100
0.0 Hargreaves & Samani 60 -46.6 -22.2 0.0 100

mm
mm

Blaney & Cridlle -61.1 -11.5 0.0 100


-50.0 Makkink 40 -81.6 -6.4 0.0 100
-100.1 -2.9 0.0 100
-33.0 -0.4 0.0 100
-100.0 20
0.0 0.0 57.1 100
0.0 0.0 41.7 100
-150.0 0
Jan Fev Mar Abr Mai Jun Jul Ago Set Out Nov Dez Jan Fev Mar Abr Mai Jun Jul Ago Set Out Nov Dez
Reposio Retirada Excesso Dficit Efetivo Mximo

Fonte: BHdrico GD V.3.2 - 2002

Gustavo D'Angiolella BHdrico GD V.3.2 - 2002


Estimativa da evapotrasnspirao potencial para a localidade de: Braslia, DF.
ETP Thornthwaite Hargreaves & Samani Blaney & Criddle Penman-Monteith-FAO Tanque Classe A Makkink
Ms mm mm mm mm mm mm
Jan 118.0 146.1 103.0 133.4 65.1 110.7
Fev 105.2 126.7 94.0 121.3 59.2 100.2
Mar 111.5 134.2 104.5 123.3 61.1 99.2
Abr 100.0 114.0 106.0 106.4 59.6 83.3
Mai 89.2 103.4 121.3 98.0 79.2 74.4
Jun 71.2 94.0 119.5 85.2 101.6 63.4
Jul 74.1 100.5 134.6 90.8 123.6 69.9
Ago 93.1 122.1 142.3 106.8 152.5 79.4
Set 125.5 137.8 150.4 126.8 158.8 91.1
Out 140.9 143.0 131.7 133.6 128.6 101.7
Nov 124.9 136.3 105.3 127.6 82.5 101.3
Dez 120.3 139.0 96.6 132.0 67.5 108.9
Mdia 106.2 124.8 117.4 115.4 94.9 90.3
Total/Ano 1273.9 1497.1 1409.2 1385.2 1139.3 1083.5

Estimativa da evapotrasnspirao potencial para a localidade de: Braslia, DF.


180.0
-15.78 P (kPa)
i
160.0 88.96 ea s=D Ra Rso Rn
11.1 2.389 0.184 41.120 31.745 13.401
140.0
11.2 g (kPa/C) 2.440 0.185 40.564 31.315 13.574
11.1
120.0 0.059 2.469 0.184 38.762 29.924 12.432
10.9 2.389 0.181 34.937 26.971 10.863
100.0
10.3 I 2.054 0.173 30.395 23.465 8.948
mm

9.4 131.0 1.716 0.161 26.921 20.783 7.294


80.0
9.4 a 1.544 0.161 26.320 20.319 7.066
10.4
60.0 3.03 1.425 0.174 28.809 22.241 7.688
12.1 1.574 0.198 33.200 25.630 9.398
40.0
12.3 2.101 0.202 37.288 28.786 11.198
11.6
20.0 2.328 0.192 39.907 30.808 12.303
11.2 2.403 0.185 40.916 31.587 13.121
0.0
Jan
Thornthwaite Fev Hargreaves
Mar & SamaniAbr Mai & Criddle Jun
Blaney Jul Ago
Penman-Monteith-FAO Set Classe A
Tanque Out Nov
Makkink Dez
180.0

160.0

140.0

120.0

100.0
mm

80.0

60.0

40.0

20.0

0.0
Jan
Thornthwaite Fev Mar & Samani
Hargreaves Abr Mai & Criddle Jun
Blaney Jul Ago
Penman-Monteith-FAO Set Classe A
Tanque Out Nov
Makkink Dez
REFERNCIAS BIBLIOGRFICAS
ALLEN, R.G.; PEREIRA, L.S.; RAES, D.; SMITH, M. Crop evapotranpiration. Guide lines for prediction of crop water requirements. FAO IRRIGA-
TION AND DRAINAGE PAPER 56, Rome. 1998, 300p.
BERGAMASCHI, H. (Coordenador). Agrometeorologia aplicada irrigao. Porto Alegre: Ed. Universidade/UFRGS, 1992. 125p.
Guia metodolgica para la elaboracin del balance hdrico de Amrica del Sur. Oficina Regional de Ciencia y Tecnologa de la Unesco
para Amrica Latina y el Caribe - ROSTLAC - Montivideo/Uruguai, 1982.
PEREIRA, A.R., VILLA NOVA, N.A., SEDIYAMA, G.C. Evapo(transpi)rao. Piracicaba: FEALQ, 1997. 183p.

Este trabalho encontra-se disponvel nos Anais do XII Congresso Brasileiro de Meteorologia, como segue:
DANGIOLELLA, G.L.B.; VASCONCELLOS, V.L.D. Clculo do balano hdrico climatolgico com diferentes mtodos para estimativa da
evapotranspirao potencial, em planilhas ExcelTM. XII Congresso Brasileiro de Meteorologia. Foz do Iguau, PR. Setembro/2002.

Contato: Gustavo D'Angiolella Tel. (61) 9975-4044

Tabela 1. Porcentagem diria de luz solar brilhante no perodo (p)


Lat. Norte JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN
Lat. Sul JAN FEV MAR ABR MAI JUN JUL AGO SET OUT NOV DEZ
60 0.15 0.20 0.26 0.32 0.38 0.41 0.40 0.34 0.28 0.22 0.17 0.13
58 0.16 0.21 0.26 0.32 0.37 0.40 0.39 0.34 0.28 0.23 0.18 0.15
56 0.17 0.21 0.26 0.32 0.36 0.39 0.38 0.33 0.28 0.23 0.18 0.16
54 0.18 0.22 0.26 0.31 0.36 0.38 0.37 0.33 0.28 0.23 0.19 0.17
52 0.19 0.22 0.27 0.31 0.35 0.37 0.36 0.33 0.28 0.24 0.20 0.17
50 0.19 0.23 0.27 0.31 0.34 0.36 0.35 0.32 0.28 0.24 0.20 0.18
48 0.20 0.23 0.27 0.31 0.34 0.36 0.35 0.32 0.28 0.24 0.21 0.19
46 0.20 0.23 0.27 0.30 0.34 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.28 0.24 0.21 0.20
44 0.21 0.24 0.27 0.30 0.33 0.35 0.34 0.31 0.28 0.25 0.22 0.20
42 0.21 0.24 0.27 0.30 0.33 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.28 0.25 0.22 0.21
40 0.22 0.24 0.27 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.33 0.31 0.28 0.25 0.22 0.21
35 0.23 0.25 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.30 0.28 0.25 0.23 0.22
30 0.24 0.25 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.26 0.24 0.23
25 0.24 0.26 0.27 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.31 0.29 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.24
20 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.25
15 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.25
10 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.26
5 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.27
0 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.27
Fonte: Pereira et al. (1997).

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