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2013

TO
456: -
Sl. No. Clause Before Amendment After Amendment
Aggregates shall comply with the requirements of IS 383. As
1.
5.3 far as possible preference shall be given to natural Aggregates shall comply with the requirements of IS 383.
Aggregates aggregates.
Coarse and fine aggregate shall be batched separately. All-
2. 5.3.4 in-aggregate may be used only where specifically permitted Coarse and fine aggregate shall be batched separately.
by the engineer-in-charge.
Water used for mixing and curing shall be clean and free Water, natural or treated, used for mixing and curing shall be
5.4 from injurious amounts of oils, acids, alkalis, salts, sugar, clean and free from injurious amounts of oils, acids, alkalis, salts,
3.
Water organic materials or other substances that may be sugar, organic materials or other substances that may be
deleterious to concrete or steel. deleterious to concrete or steel.
Mixing or curing of concrete with sea water is not
Sea water shall not be used for mixing or curing of concrete
recommended because of presence of harmful salts in sea
because of presence of harmful salts. Under unavoidable
water. Under unavoidable circumstances sea water may be
5.4.3 circumstances sea water may be used for mixing or curing in plain
4. used for mixing or curing in plain concrete with no
Sea Water concrete with no embedded steel after having given due
embedded steel after having given due consideration to
consideration to possible disadvantages and precautions
possible disadvantages and precautions including use of
including use of appropriate cement system.
appropriate cement system.
The amount of admixture added to a mix shall be recorded in the
production record. Redosing of admixtures is not normally
permitted. In special circumstances, if necessary, additional dose
of admixture may be added at a project site and mixed
5.5.7
5. - adequately in mixer itself to regain the workability of concrete
New clause added with the mutual agreement between the producer/supplier and
the purchaser/user of concrete. However the producer/supplier
shall assure the ultimate quality of concrete supplied by him and
maintain record of quantity and time of addition.
a e2
.
ra es rete
A durable concrete is one that performs satisfactorily in the
A durable concrete is one that performs satisfactorily in the
working environment during its anticipated exposure
working environment during its anticipated exposure conditions
.1 conditions during service. The materials and mix
7. during service life. The materials and mix proportions specified
e era proportions specified and used should be such as to
and used should be such as to maintain its integrity and, if
maintain its integrity and, if applicable, to protect
applicable, to protect embedded metal from corrosion.
embedded metal from corrosion.
St a e5
e e t Cement content prescribed in this table is irrespective of the Cement content prescribed in this table is irrespective of grades
te t a grades of cement and it is inclusive of additions mentioned and types of cement and is inclusive of mineral admixtures
Water e e t at in . . The additions such as fly ash or ground granulated mentioned in . . The mineral admixtures such as fly ash or
a ra e blast furnace slag may be taken into account in the concrete ground granulated blast furnace slag shall be taken into account
. rete r composition with respect to the cement content and water- in the concrete composition with respect to the cement content
ere t s res cement ratio if the suitability is established and as long as and water-cement ratio not exceeding the limit of fly ash and slag
t r a We g t the maximum amounts taken into account do not exceed specified in IS 8 art I and IS respectively, beyond which
Aggregates 2 the limit of po olona and slag specified in IS 8 art I these additions though permitted, shall not be considered for
and IS respectively. these purposes.
a
a S e
3. The minimum cement content, maximum free water-cement
St a e5
. nly note items mentioned. ratio and minimum grade of concrete are individually related to
Note added exposure.
oints are a common source of weakness and, therefore, it is
Concrete shall be mixed in mechanical mixer see also IS and oints are a common source of weakness and, therefore, it is
desirable to avoid them. If this is not possible, their number
Concrete shall be mixed in a mechanical mixer. The mixer IS . It shall be ensured that stationary or central mixers and 13.4 desirable to avoid them. If this is not possible, their number shall
shall be minimi ed. Concreting shall be carried out
should comply with IS and IS . The mixers shall truck mixers shall comply with the performance criteria of mixing 24. str t ts be minimi ed. Concreting shall be carried out continuously up to
continuously up to construction joints, the position and
be fitted with water measuring metering devices. The efficiency as per IS 3 . Mixing efficiency test shall be performed a ts construction joints, the position and arrangement of which shall
1 .3 arrangement of which shall be indicated by the designer.
2 . mixing shall be continued until there is a uniform at least once in a year. The mixers shall be fitted with water be indicated by the designer.
g Construction joints should comply with IS 8 .
distribution of the materials and the mass is uniform in measuring metering devices. The mixing shall be continued until
colour and consistency. If there is segregation after there is a uniform distribution of the materials and the mass is
unloading from the mixer, the concrete should be remixed. uniform in colour and consistency. If there is segregation after
unloading from the mixer, the concrete should be remixed.
As a guidance, the mixing time shall be at least min for
or guidance, the mixing time shall be at least min. or
conventional free fall drum batch type concrete mixers. or
25. a e 11
21. 1 .3.1
recommendations shall be followed for hydrophobic
recommendations shall be followed.
cement it may be decided by the engineer-in-charge.
osages of retarders, plasticisers and superplasticisers shall be
osages of retarders, plasticisers and superplasticisers shall restricted to . , . and . percent respectively by mass of
be restricted to . , . and . percent respectively by cementitious materials however, the dosages of polycarboxylate
22. 1 .3.3 weight of materials and unless a higher value based admixtures shall not exceed . percent. A higher value of In some cases the support moments calculated from Table for
is agreed upon between the manufacturer and the above admixtures may be used, if agreed upon between the 24.4.1 In some cases the support moments calculated from Table
adjacent panels may differ significantly. The following procedure
constructor based on performance test. manufacturer and the constructor based on performance test for adjacent panels may differ significantly. The following
estra e S a t may be adopted to adjust them.
relating to workability, setting time and early age strength. 2 . procedure may be adopted to adjust them.
e a t s a Calculate the sum of the midspan moments and the
a Calculate the sum of moments at midspan and
at A a e t a e s average of the support moments neglecting signs for
supports neglecting signs .
each panel.
2 .2.1
3 or plain cement concrete of M grade with nominal
e e e t e gt
27. nly ote items mentioned. reinforcement, the design bond stress may be taken as .
ars S
/mm .
11.1 Note added
23.
e era
2 .2.1.1 or deformed bars conforming to IS 8 these values shall be
es g stress or deformed bars conforming to IS 8 these values shall increased by percent. or bars in compression, the values of
t state et be increased by percent. or bars in compression, the bond stress for bars in tension shall be increased-by percent.
2 .
r a ars values of bond stress for bars in tension shall be increased- or fusion bonded epoxy coated deformed bars, design bond
te s s a e as by percent. stress values shall be taken as 8 percent of the values given in
e the above table.
b Use of low alkali ordinary ortland cement having total
alkali content not more than . percent as a b Use of low alkali ordinary ortland cement having total alkali
equivalent . content not more than . percent as a equivalent .
urther advantage can be obtained by use of fly ash rade urther advantage can be obtained by use of flyash conforming to
.2.5.4
conforming to IS 38 or granulated blast furnace slag IS 38 art I or ground granulated blast furnace slag
1 . A a aggregate conforming to IS 8 as part replacement of ordinary conforming to IS 8 as part replacement of ordinary ortland
rea t ortland cement having total alkali content as a cement having total alkali content as a equivalent not more
equivalent not more than . percent , provided fly ash than . percent , provided fly ash content is at least percent
content is at least percent or slag content is at least or slag content is at least percent.
percent.
At sites where alkali concentrations are high or may become
very high, the ground water should be lowered by drainage
At sites where alkali concentrations are high or may become very
so that it will not come into direct contact with the
high, the ground water should be lowered by drainage so that it
.2. .2 concrete.
11. will not come into direct contact with the concrete.
ra age Additional protection may be obtained by the use of
Additional protection may be obtained by the use of suitable
chemically resistant stone facing or a layer of plaster of aris
impermeable barriers.
covered with suitable fabric, such as jute thoroughly
impregnated with bituminous material.
As the guarantor of quality of concrete used in the construction,
the constructor shall carry out the mix design and the mix so
designed not the method of design shall be approved by the
As the guarantor of quality of concrete used in the
employer within the limitations of parameters and other
construction, the constructor shall carry out the mix design
.2 stipulations laid down by this standard. If so desired, the
and the mix so designed not the method of design shall be
12. es g rete employer shall be provided with supporting data including graphs
approved by the employer within the limitations of
.2.1 showing strength versus water cement ratio for range of
parameters and other stipulations laid down by this
proportions, complete trial mix proportioning details to
standard.
substantiate the choice of cement content, fine and coarse
aggregate content, water, mineral admixtures, chemical
admixtures etc.,
The mix shall be designed to produce the grade of concrete
The mix shall be designed to produce the grade of concrete
having the required workability and a characteristic strength not
having the required workability and a characteristic strength
less than appropriate values given in Table . roportion/grading
not less than appropriate values given in Table . The target
13. .2.2 of aggregates shall be made by trial in such a way as to make
mean strength of concrete mix should be equal to the
densest possible concrete. The target mean strength of concrete
characteristic strength plus . times the standard
mix should be equal to the characteristic strength plus . times
deviation.
the standard deviation.
-l In the absence of more exact analysis, the effective
-l In the absence of more exact analysis, the effective length of
length of columns in framed structures may be obtained
A a se columns in framed structures may be obtained from the ratio of
a e from the ratio of effective length to unsupported length lef/l
effective length to unsupported length lef /l given in ig. when
14. Ass e Sta ar 25.2 given in ig. when relative displacement of the ends of
33. relative displacement of the ends of the column is prevented and
the column is prevented and in ig. when relative lateral
e at in ig. when relative lateral displacement of the -ends is not
S displacement of the -ends is not prevented. In the latter
prevented. In the latter case, it is recommended that the
case, it is recommended that the effective length ratio Ief /l
effective length ratio Ief /l may not be taken to be less than . .
may not be taken to be less than . .
To avoid confusion and error in batching, consideration should be
To avoid confusion and error in batching, consideration given to using the smallest practical number of different concrete
should be given to using the smallest practical number of mixes on any site or in any one plant. In batching concrete, the
different concrete mixes on any site or in any one plant. In quantity of both cement and aggregate shall be determined by
batching concrete, the quantity of both cement and mass admixture, if solid, by mass liquid admixture may however
aggregate shall be determined by mass admixture, if solid, be measured in volume or mass water shall be weighed or
1 .2 by mass liquid admixture may however be measured in measured by volume in a calibrated tank see also IS .
15.
at g volume or mass water shall be weighed or measured by or large and medium project sites, the concrete shall be sourced
volume in a calibrated tank see also IS . Ready-mixed from Ready mixed concrete plants or from captive on site or off
concrete supplied by ready-mixed concrete plant shall be site automatic batching and mixing plants. The concrete
preferred. or large and medium project sites the concrete produced and supplied by ready-mixed concrete plants shall be in
shall be sourced from ready mixed concrete plants or from accordance with IS . In case of concrete from captive on site
on site or off site batching and mixing plants see IS . or off site automatic batching and mixing plants, similar quality
control shall be followed.
xcept where it can be shown to the satisfaction of the
engineer-in-charge that supply of properly graded aggregate
The grading of aggregate shall be controlled by obtaining the
of uniform quality can be maintained over a period of work,
coarse aggregate in different si es and blending them in right
the grading of aggregate should be controlled by obtaining
proportions, the different si es being stocked in separate stock
the coarse aggregate in different si es and blending them in
piles. The material should be stock-piled for several hours
1 . 1 .2.1 the right proportions when required, the different si es
preferably a day before use. The grading of coarse and fine
being stocked in separate stock-piles. The material should
aggregate should be checked as frequently as possible, the
be stock-piled for several hours preferably a day before use.
frequency for a given job being determined by the engineer-in
The grading of coarse and fine aggregate should be checked
charge to ensure that the specified grading is maintained.
as frequently as possible, the frequency for a given job
being determined by the engineer-in charge to ensure that
The surface width of the cracks should not, in general, the specified grading is maintained.
The surface width of the cracks should not, in general, exceed .3
exceed .3 mm in members where cracking is not harmful
mm in members where cracking is not harmful and does not have
and does not have any serious adverse effects upon the of the quantity of cement and mineral admixtures being
any serious adverse effects upon the preservation of reinforcing
preservation of reinforcing steel nor upon the durability of measured and
steel nor upon the durability of the structures. In members where
the structures. In members where cracking in the tensile chemical admixtures and water being measured. In a batching
cracking in the tensile one is harmful either because they are The accuracy of the measuring equipment shall be within
35.3.2 one is harmful either because they are exposed to the plant, the concrete production equipment shall be calibrated
2 . exposed to the effects of the weather or continuously exposed to percent of the quantity of cement being measured and
ra g 3rd ara effects of the weather or continuously exposed to moisture 17. 1 .2.2 initially at the time of installation or reconditioning of the
moisture or in contact soil or ground water, an upper limit of . within 3 percent of the quantity of aggregate, admixtures
or in contact soil or ground water, an upper limit of . mm equipment and subsequently at the following intervals
mm is suggested for the maximum width of cracks. or and water being measured.
is suggested for the maximum width of cracks. or a Mechanical/knife edge systems At least once every two
months
gories given in Table 3, the assessed surface width
category in Table 3, the assessed surface width of cracks b lectrical / load cell systems At least once every three
of cracks should not in general, exceed . mm.
should not in general, exceed . mm. months
4 .5.2 roportion/Type and grading of aggregates shall be made by
If shear reinforcement is required, the total area of this is If shear reinforcement is required, the total area of this is given All ingredients of concrete shall be used by mass except water
S ear e r e e t 1 . 1 .2.3 trial in such a way so as to obtain densest possible concrete.
3 . given by by and chemical admixtures which may be by volume.
r Se t s se t All ingredients of the concrete should be used by mass only.
As avb v- d c/a / .8 fy avb/ .8 fy S avb v- d c/a / .8 fy avb/ .8 fy It is important to maintain the water-cement ratio constant at its
s rts It is important to maintain the water-cement ratio constant
correct value. To this end, determination of moisture contents in
2.1.1 or M , Tensile stress . at its correct value. To this end, determination of moisture
31. or M and above, Tensile stress . both fine and coarse aggregates shall be made as frequently as
re t e s or M , Tensile stress . contents in both fine and coarse aggregates shall be made
possible, the frequency for a given job being determined by the
as frequently as possible, the frequency for a given job
engineer-in-charge according to weather conditions. The amount-
being determined by the engineer-in-charge according to
of the added water shall be adjusted to compensate for any
weather conditions. The amount-of the added water shall
observed variations in the moisture contents. or the
be adjusted to compensate for any observed variations in
determination of moisture content in the aggregates, IS 38
1 . 1 .2.5 the moisture contents. or the determination of moisture
art 3 may be referred to. Where batching plants are used, it is
content in the aggregates, IS 38 art 3 may bereferred
recommended to determine moisture content by moisture
32. a e 21 to. To allow for the variation in mass of aggregate due to
probes fitted to the batching plants. To allow for the variation in
variation in their moisture content, suitable adjustments in
mass of aggregate due to variation in their moisture content,
the masses of aggregates shall also be made. In the absence
suitable adjustments in the masses of aggregates shall also be
of -exact data, only in the case of nominal mixes, the
made. In the absence of -exact data, only in the case of nominal
amount of surface water may be estimated from the values
mixes, the amount of surface water may be estimated from the
given in Table .
values given in Table .