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NEMO FSR1 USER MANUAL


VERSION 04.04.02
NEMO FSR1 USER MANUAL

Copyright
The information contained in this document is confidential and no part of it may be copied or
reproduced in any form without the written consent of Anite Network Testing. Additionally, this
document is not to be passed to or discussed with third parties without the prior written permission
of Anite Network Testing.

Anites products are subject to continual development and specifications may change. Users of
Anites products and documentation should exercise their own independent judgement to evaluate
the suitability of Anites products and documentation for their particular use. Anite does not accept
any liability arising from the application or use of the product or this documentation.

All reasonable care has been made to ensure that this document is accurate. If you have any
comments on this document, or would like details of any Anite products, services or equipment,
please contact us through the Anite website.

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NEMO FSR1 USER MANUAL

CONTENTS

1 CONNECTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER ..................................................................... 4


1.1 General ..................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Connecting Nemo FSR1 to the measurement computer ................................... 5
1.3 Changing the Nemo FSR1 IP address ............................................................ 8
1.4 Connecting a GPS antenna to Nemo FSR1 ................................................... 13
1.4.1 Enable integrated GPS receiver .......................................................... 14

2 CONNECTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER TO NEMO INVEX CHASSIS ............................ 16


2.1 Connecting to Nemo Invex ........................................................................ 16
2.2 Connecting to Nemo Invex II ..................................................................... 18

3 STARTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER ....................................................................... 21

4 MEASURING WITH NEMO FSR1 SCANNER ........................................................... 23


4.1 Frequency scanning .................................................................................. 24
4.2 UMTS pilot scanning ................................................................................. 25
4.2.1 Data processing method peak vs aggregate ...................................... 29
4.3 CDMA/EVDO pilot scanning........................................................................ 29
4.4 LTE pilot scanning .................................................................................... 31
4.5 Spectrum analyzer measurements.............................................................. 35
4.6 Band scan ............................................................................................... 39
4.7 Indoor measurement mode ....................................................................... 41

5 UPDATING NEMO FSR1 FIRMWARE ..................................................................... 42


5.1 Firmware update through Nemo Outdoor .................................................... 42
5.2 Firmware update with Nemo FSR1 firmware update utility ............................. 43
5.2.1 Connecting the scanner ..................................................................... 43
5.2.2 Updating firmware ............................................................................ 45
5.2.3 Updating licenses ............................................................................. 46

6 NEMO FSR1 SELF-TEST AND CALIBRATION ......................................................... 48


6.1 Self-test .................................................................................................. 48
6.2 Calibration .............................................................................................. 49

7 TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................................... 50

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1 CONNECTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER

1.1 General
Nemo FSR1 scanner is powered by 10 to 16 VDC. AC operation for the standalone receiver is
achieved by using the optional AC power supply. The AC power supply is designed to work with 100
- 240VAC 50/60Hz. For other voltages or line frequencies contact Anite for the correct supply.

Figure 1. FSR1 AC power supply

The standard AC supply is rated at 130 Watts. Actual power requirements will vary depending on
the number of downconverters installed and the receiver tasking. The maximum power requirement
of the scanner is 50 Watts.

DC operation for the standalone receiver can be achieved by a connection to a vehicle 12-volt
system. The following table is provided to budget the system current requirements for various
configurations.

Platform configuration/Module 12 VDC current requirement

Basic system w/ single 3.0 A


downconverter

Two downconverter system 3.6 A

The estimates given for the scanner assume maximum utilization of the processing capabilities.

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1.2 Connecting Nemo FSR1 to the measurement computer


1. Connect an antenna cable to scanner RF input. If you are measuring with two
downconverters, connect an antenna in both RF inputs (see picture below).

Figure 2. Nemo FSR1 front view

2. Connect Ethernet cable(s) to the scanner Ethernet port(s) and to the Nemo Outdoor laptop.

3. Go to Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Click on
Change adapter settings.

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4. Right-click on Local Area Connection and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection
Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click Properties.

5. Select Use the following IP address and type in an IP address that is different from that
of the scanner. The IP address should be 192.168.3.xxx where the xxx can be anything else
except 250, 251, 252, or 253 because those four IP addresses are reserved for the scanner.
Click OK and Close.

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Please note that by default the Nemo FSR1 is delivered with a fixed IP address. The IP
address can be changed with a separate utility software. The following IP addresses are
used in Nemo Outdoor:

"Nemo Scanner LAN" = 192.168.3.253

"Nemo Scanner LAN 2" = 192.168.3.252

"Nemo Scanner LAN 3" = 192.168.3.251

"Nemo Scanner LAN 4" = 192.168.3.250

6. Connect the power cable to the scanner and to a power source. Switch power on.
Fuse Fans

Power connector Power switch

Figure 3. Nemo FSR1 back view

7. The default address and name settings of the scanner are generally suitable for most users.
There is no need to configure these settings when using the Nemo FSR1 scanner with Nemo
Outdoor.

8. The status LEDs at the front panel display how the scanner is functioning.

LED Name LED Color Description

RxA Green Receiver A enabled

Amber Receiver A disabled i.e. EEPROM not readable

RxB Green Receiver B enabled

Amber Receiver B disabled i.e. EEPROM not readable

Status Green GPS Locked

Amber GPS Unlocked

Active Green Ethernet link connected

Red Ethernet link disconnected

All LEDs Amber If all four LEDs are amber, the bootloader is
running and the module needs to be reloaded

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1.3 Changing the Nemo FSR1 IP address


The default address and name settings of the Nemo FSR1 are generally suitable for most users.
However, if you have two or more Nemo FSR1 scanners connected to the same measurement
laptop, you will need to assign a different IP address for each scanner. By default, the Nemo FSR1
scanners are delivered with a fixed IP address: 192.168.3.253. When changing the IP address,
please use the following IP addresses supported in Nemo Outdoor:

"Nemo Scanner LAN" = 192.168.3.253

"Nemo Scanner LAN 2" = 192.168.3.252

"Nemo Scanner LAN 3" = 192.168.3.251

"Nemo Scanner LAN 4" = 192.168.3.250

1. Connect a PC to the Nemo FSR1 serial port using the serial adapter cable (available from
Anite). The scanner serial port is located in the lower-right corner of the front panel. Switch
on the scanner.

Figure 4. Nemo FSR1 serial adapter cable

If a serial port is not available on the computer, a USB-to-serial adapter can be used.
Follow the manufacturers instructions for driver installation and use of the adapter. If an
adapter is used, the COM port to choose for the Hyper Terminal connection should be the
port assigned by Windows to the USB/serial adapter (see Device Manager, Ports).

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2. Start a terminal port software, such as Hyper Terminal. Select COM1 or the port assigned to
the USB/serial adapter in the Connect using field and click Configure.

3. In the COM1 Properties dialog, define the following settings:

Bits per second: 115200


Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: Xon/Xoff

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4. Click OK and OK. An empty Hyper Terminal window is opened.

5. Press Enter on your keyboard. The following information is displayed.

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6. To change the IP address, press 2 and Enter. Enter the new IP address in format
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx. For example, 192.168.003.252. Press Enter.

7. The IP address is changed and the window displays the new flash data with the new IP
address. To update the scanner firmware and finalize the changes, press 0 and Enter.

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8. Confirm the firmware update by pressing Y and Enter.

This is an important step to complete the firmware update. If you exit HyperTerminal
without entering 0 and selecting Y when prompted, the firmware will not be updated.

9. The scanner firmware is updated and the scanner is restarted. Check from the scanner
information that the IP address has changed. Now you can close the HyperTerminal.

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1.4 Connecting a GPS antenna to Nemo FSR1


For the optimum performance of the Nemo FSR1 scanner, it is required to connect a GPS antenna
to the scanner. The scanner takes advantage of the internal GPS for timing information which
improves the performance of the signal processing algorithms. Connect the GPS antenna cable to
the GPS connector in the scanner front panel and add the scanner to Nemo Outdoor.

Figure 5. GPS antenna connector in the front panel

If there is no GPS fix, Nemo Outdoor will display the error message below:

Also note for CDMA/EVDO the scanner must have GPS coverage. If CDMA/EVDO in-building testing
is to be conducted, the scanner should operate at least 30 minutes in GPS coverage before the
antenna is disconnected and then every hour or two of walk testing have an additional 20 minutes
in GPS coverage.

The following GPS antenna is delivered with the Nemo FSR1:

Mighty Mouse III

o 28dB gain low noise amplifier

o Maximum of 6mA current consumption (all voltages)

o 2.5V to 5.5V DC

o Connector: SMA male

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You can get the GPS signal to FSR1 also from Nemo Invex II. Connect the other end of the GPS cable
to the GPS connector of the FSR1(figure 5) and the other end to one of the three GPS out ports in
the SAM module of the Nemo Invex II.

Figure 6. GPS antenna connectors 1-3 in the SAM module of Nemo Invex II

1.4.1 Enable integrated GPS receiver


The internal GPS of the scanner needs to be enabled in the Nemo Outdoor UI only when the data
from the internal GPS is used for positioning. If an external GPS is used for positioning, there is no
need to activate this option from Nemo Outdoor.

To enable the internal scanner in Nemo Outdoor, add the scanner to Nemo Outdoor and select
(Measurement Properties | General | Advanced). Select Yes for Enable integrated GPS
receiver.

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In order to store GPS data using the internal GPS of Nemo Invex, you need to define a
measurement server (UIC) for the scanner. In the Add New Device dialog, select the UIC in the
field at the bottom of the dialog. In this case, there is no need to enable the internal GPS of the
scanner.

If you prefer using the scanner as a local device with Nemo Invex (i.e., not connected to a UIC),
GPS data will not be available unless you enable the internal GPS (Measurement Properties |
General | Advanced).

You can get the GPS signal to FSR1 also from Nemo Invex II. Connect the other end of the GPS
cable to the GPS connector of the FSR1 and the other end to one of the three GPS out ports in the
SAM module of the Nemo Invex II.

Figure 7. GPS antenna connectors 1-3 in the SAM module of Nemo Invex II.

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2 CONNECTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER


TO NEMO INVEX CHASSIS

2.1 Connecting to Nemo Invex


Nemo FSR1 is connected to the Nemo Invex chassis (SI module) with an Ethernet cable (product
code 421021-18). Ethernet ports are located on the front panel of the Nemo FSR1 scanner and on
the front panel of the Nemo Invex SI module.

Figure 8. Ethernet ports in the FSR1front panel

Figure 9. Ethernet ports in the front panel of the Nemo Invex SI module

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Nemo FSR1 power cable can be connected to the Nemo Invex chassis. The scanner power connector
is located at the rear of the chassis.

Figure 10. FSR1 AC power cable connector in the rear panel of the Nemo Invex chassis

The Nemo FSR1 scanner can be attached on top of the Nemo Invex chassis with a mounting plate.

Figure 11. Nemo FSR1 attached on top of Nemo Invex chassis.

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2.2 Connecting to Nemo Invex II


Nemo FSR1 is connected to the Nemo Invex II chassis SAM module with an Ethernet cable (product
code 421021-18). Ethernet ports are located on the front panel of the Nemo FSR1 scanner (see Figure
5) and on the front panel of the Nemo Invex II SAM module.

Figure 12. Ethernet ports in the front panel of the Nemo Invex II SAM module

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Nemo FSR1 power cable (NI00000-14) can be connected to the power connector in the System
Power Module (SPM) of Nemo Invex II. When connecting the power cable, the connector must be
oriented correctly before it can be locked. Turn clockwise to lock the cable. To detach the power
cable, press the release and turn the connector anticlockwise.

Figure 13. Power connectors in the Nemo Invex II SPM module

SPM includes a cable detection system that detects the type of external device connected to the
system. Each port includes a LED indicator. The LED is lit up when power to the scanner power
connector is switched on.

The Nemo FSR1 scanner can be mounted on top of Nemo Invex II chassis by using the Scanner
Mounting Kit (SMK). The maximum number of Nemo FSR1 scanners to be mounted with one SMK is
three.

Figure 14. Nemo Invex II Scanner Mounting Kit (SMK)

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Figure 15. Nemo Invex II with three Nemo FSR1 Scanners


For more detailed information of using Nemo FSR1 scanner with Nemo Invex II please see the Nemo
Invex II user manual and the Nemo Invex II Vehicle Installation Manual.

Clearance for air ventilation around the Nemo FSR1 is as follows:

Back 10 cm

Left side 3 cm

Right side 3 cm (not applicable for Rev B scanner)

Note that the air intake is on the left side and exhaust at the back.

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3 STARTING NEMO FSR1 SCANNER

1. Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked.

2. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device.

3. Click on Scanner.

4. From the list select Nemo FSR1 and connect it with a measurement server (UIC) or select
Local to use the scanner as a local device. Click Next.

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5. In the Device Configuration dialog, select Nemo Scanner LAN as the Port and click OK.

6. If the dialog did not close, the startup did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the
settings and try again.

7. If the Device Status window is not visible, open it from the View menu. A green light
should be blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the
default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in
online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button ). If the device is started but not
scanning, check that you have selected channels to be scanned.

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4 MEASURING WITH NEMO FSR1


SCANNER

It is possible to enable/disable frequency and pilot scanning for every system simultaneously
through the Nemo Outdoor Devices view. You can select the option to activate frequency and/or
pilot scanning for all the supported systems.

Figure 16. Nemo Outdoor Devices view

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4.1 Frequency scanning


1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> |
General Properties.

2. In the Measurement Properties dialog you can select the channels to be scanned.

3. On the Frequency scanning, GSM page, click the Select Channels button to select the
GSM channels to be scanned.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel.

Data mode defines the type of measurement data computed from each sample. Note that the
available selection depends on the scanner type.

RX Level Average: the data reported is the average RX level, in dB, of the number of
samples.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then
reports the result. Lengthening the measurement period does not change the time period over
which raw samples are averaged for a measurement result. If the report time is smaller than the
needed averaging time, the measurements will be reported as fast as they can be delivered, but
not more often than the averaging time. If the report time is longer than the needed averaging
time, pauses between measurements will be introduced so that measurements are reported at
the rate requested by the user.

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Sample size defines the number of samples taken from each channel before a measurement
result is written to file.

Selecting the BSIC decoding option enables BSIC values and co-channel C/I measurements.

BSIC threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports.

Select the BCCH C/I option to activate BCCH decoding. Co-channel C/I is also enabled.

Cell information decoding. Mobile Network Code, Mobile Country Code and Cell ID information
can be decoded from BCCH messages.

When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log
file.

4. Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file.

4.2 UMTS pilot scanning


The UMTS pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots.

UMTS pilot scanning settings:


1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | Pilot
Scanning Properties. You can also click the UMTS FDD under the Pilot Scanning menu in
the Device info window.

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2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, select the Pilot scanning - UMTS page.

CPICH Ec/No threshold defines the minimum level for the CPICH Ec/No. If the values are below
the threshold, the pilots are not reported.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. For UMTS scanners, the options are Narrow
Band (200kHz) and Wide Band (3.84MHz).

Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate
method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no
peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then
reports the result. Lengthening the measurement period does not change the time period over
which raw samples are averaged for a measurement result. If the report time is smaller than the
needed averaging time, the measurements will be reported as fast as they can be delivered, but not
more often than the averaging time. If the report time is longer than the needed averaging time,
pauses between measurements will be introduced so that measurements are reported at the rate
requested by the user.

Pilot measurement mode defines the measurement mode for pilot scanning.

In High speed mode scanning speed is higher but sensitivity is lower. In high speed mode,
weak pilots may be undetected.

In High dynamic range mode scanning speed is lower but sensitivity is higher.

Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report
results from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported
by scanner in Top-N mode. The maximum number is 32.

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Cell information decoding. Mobile Network Code, Mobile Country Code and Cell ID information
can be decoded from BCCH messages. Note that this is only enabled in online mode and if the
option has been purchased with the scanner.

Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for
each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and
first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold.

When the Neighbor list decoding option is selected, the NLIST (neighbor list) event is written in
the log file for WCDMA.

P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling
code.

S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling
code.

When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log
file.

The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select
channels for pilot scanning.

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To select channels:

1. In the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page, click the Top-N Configuration
button. The Select Channels dialog is opened.

2. The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies.

3. You can remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the
Remove button.

4. You can add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and
clicking the Add button.

5. Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog.

6. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start
the scanning.

7. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that
the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this
may take a few seconds.

8. Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file.

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4.2.1 Data processing method peak vs aggregate


If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible
and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are
close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak components power will be
larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as
the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate
will always be the same as or larger than the peak.

As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment,
where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there
may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment.

The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of
0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will
be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the
doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the
same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the peak.
Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the peak, it becomes the new peak.

Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously
present.

4.3 CDMA/EVDO pilot scanning


Note that the EVDO measurements can only be performed in a proper way when a
CDMA2000 channel is measured as well. In this way, the time relationship between the
different PN offsets is resolved.

1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> |


General Properties. You can also click the CDMA and/or EVDO under the Pilot
Scanning menu in the Device info window.

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2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning, CDMA page.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel.

Correlator affects how the scanner works. Bigger correlator size enables the scanner to detect
and measure pilot channels with better dynamic but makes scanning speed slower. For example,
when using correlator size 2048 versus 512, the dynamic range for pilot measurement changes
from 21db to 17db.

Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. See
chapter Data processing method peak vs aggregate for more information.

Pilot Ec/I0 threshold defines the threshold level for the pilot Ec/I0. If the values are below the
threshold, the pilots are not scanned.

Pilot increment defines an increment value that the pilot numbers use. If the increment is 4,
the valid pilot numbers are 0, 4, 8, etc. The handler uses this configuration value to modify
incorrect pilot numbers detected by the scanner, usually off by one which is caused by a
multipath signal or a long distance to the BTS.

Top-N mode option enables/disables TOP-N scrambling code scanning. Number of pilots field
defines how many pilots are reported by the scanner in TOP-N mode.

The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select
channels for pilot scanning.

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Note that the Nemo FSR1 scanner supports a max of 90 cell IDs.

3. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start
the scanning.

4. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that
the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this
may take a few seconds.

5. Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file.

4.4 LTE pilot scanning


1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | Pilot
Scanning Properties. You can also click the LTE under the Pilot Scanning menu in the
Device info window.

2. Go to the Pilot scanning, LTE page to define LTE-specific pilot scanning settings.

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Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then
reports the result. Lengthening the measurement period does not change the time period over
which raw samples are averaged for a measurement result. If the report time is smaller than the
needed averaging time, the measurements will be reported as fast as they can be delivered, but
not more often than the averaging time. If the report time is longer than the needed averaging
time, pauses between measurements will be introduced so that measurements are reported at
the rate requested by the user.

Top-N option enables/disables Top-N cells (cell IDs) to be reported. If enabled, scanner will
report results from N best cells. Number of cells field defines how many cells are reported by
scanner in Top-N mode. The maximum number to be selected is 32.

Cell information decoding enables the cell specific SIB1 parameters to be to be reported from
the SIB1 message.

Note that if the Cell information decoding is selected, you must select the channel style to
be equal or larger than the actual system bandwidth.

CINR refers to the Carrier to Interference and Noise ratio value, in dB *100 (e.g., -16.34). It is
based on the requested reuse factor.

Time offset refers to the number of samples between P-SCH Primary Synchronization Signal
arrival time with respect to receiver frequency reference that is derived from GPS reference
time.

Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value in the
basic time unit Ts used in LTE (1/30.72 MHz).

Sync signal refers to the ratio between the synchronization channel, i.e., primary and
secondary signal received power and the interference and noise from the same synchronization
signal set.

Reference signal refers to the ratio between the reference signal received power (RSRP) and
the interference and noise from the same reference signal set.

When the System information decoding option is selected, L3 messages are written in the log
file providing MIB and SIB1 information.

Note that to decode the SIB1 information to log file, you must select the channel style to
be equal or larger than the actual system bandwidth.

The Select Channels button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select
channels for pilot scanning.

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When you select the LTE channels, you can also define some channel-specific settings. In the
LTE Channel Specific Settings dialog, after selecting the channel from the available channels
in the channel list you can define the channel-specific settings.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. Supported with Nemo FSR1 firmware 4.0
onwards.

Cyclic prefix defines the type of signal the scanner is set to measure. With Autodetect
selected, the scanner will automatically detect the appropriate signal type. If Cyclic Prefix is
known to be Normal (most common), setting the scanner to Normal will increase scanning speed
slightly.

Uplink-downlink configuration refers to LTE TDD frame structure.

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Frame structure type 2 is applicable to TDD. Each radio frame of length Tf = 307200 Ts = 10 ms
consists of two half-frames of length 153600 Ts = 5 ms each. Each half-frame consists of five
subframes of length 30720 Ts = 1 ms . The supported uplink-downlink configurations are listed in
the table below where, for each subframe in a radio frame, D denotes the subframe is reserved
for downlink transmissions, U denotes the subframe is reserved for uplink transmissions and
S denotes a special subframe with the three fields DwPTS, GP and UpPTS.
One radio frame, Tf = 307200Ts = 10 ms

One half-frame, 153600Ts = 5 ms

One slot,
Tslot=15360Ts 30720Ts

Subframe #0 Subframe #2 Subframe #3 Subframe #4 Subframe #5 Subframe #7 Subframe #8 Subframe #9


One
subframe,
30720Ts
UpPT UpPT
DwPTS GP DwPTS GP
S S

Frame structure type 2 (for 5 ms switch-point periodicity):


Uplink-downlink Downlink-to-Uplink Subframe number
configuration Switch-point periodicity 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0 5 ms D S U U U D S U U U
1 5 ms D S U U D D S U U D
2 5 ms D S U D D D S U D D
3 10 ms D S U U U D D D D D
4 10 ms D S U U D D D D D D
5 10 ms D S U D D D D D D D
6 5 ms D S U U U D S U U D
Select the MIMO scanning option to start recording MIMO parameters.
Select the Resource block scanning option to start recording RSRP and CINR values per
resource block.

Narrowband scanning option activates the simultaneous narrowband and wideband LTE
scanning. When the option is selected, both NB (1.4MHz) and WB (up to 20MHz) scanning
results are reported and written to OFDMASCAN events. The OFDMASCAN event is written
separately for NB and WB scanning results. NB/WB scanning results are reported also per
antenna port. Simultaneous NB and WB scanning gives information about the possible internal
and self-created interferences and synchronization issues in narrowband, and external
interference issues in wideband. If you activate the simultaneous narrowband and wideband
measurement, it is recommended NOT to choose 1.4 MHz as the channel style.

3. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start
the scanning.

4. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the
device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may
take a few seconds.

5. Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file.

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4.5 Spectrum analyzer measurements


Spectrum analyzer measurements are supported with Nemo FSR1 scanners. Please note that the
scanning receiver must include the Spectrum Analyzer Option (315022-04) to be able to support
these measurements. Depending on the RF front ends (down converters), spectrum analyzer
measurements can be done for DL or for both DL and UL directions. The frequency range available
for spectrum analyzer measurements also depends on the physical RF front ends.

Spectrum analyzer measurements can be done simultaneously either with frequency scanning, pilot
scanning or with all modes. Nemo FSR1 scanner does not use any priority orders between different
measurement modes. With Nemo FSR1 scanner up to 32 scanning frequency sets can be selected
simultaneously.

The user can set the start and stop frequencies or center frequency with bandwidth and sample count
via the Nemo Outdoor user interface. If the requested frequency range is not supported by the
device, Nemo Outdoor automatically adjusts the frequency range for the device, and only frequency
ranges supported by the scanning receiver are used to perform spectrum analyzer measurements.

The number of samples is used only for the frequency range supported by the scanning receiver.
With the Nemo FSR1 scanner, the maximum number of samples (points) is 2000. Minimum
frequency resolution is 3,75MHz. Nemo Outdoor does not read the supported frequency range from
the scanning receiver. For example, in the picture below the user has set the start and stop
frequencies as defined within the red area. However, the scanning receiver supports only frequency
ranges within the green areas below. The number of samples is used only for green areas and the
correct RBW is selected accordingly. It should be noted that the center frequency and bandwidth are
always written to the measurement file as set by the user, even if the selected center frequency is
not supported by the scanning receiver. In case the defined frequency range is not supported at all
by the scanner, no values are reported.

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Number of data points and scanning rates are shown in the table below.

Performing spectrum scanning:

1. Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> |


General Properties. You can also click to the Spectrum scanning in the Device info
window.

2. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Spectrum scanning page. Select the
Enable spectrum scanning option and click on Add.

3. Define the start and stop frequencies within which the measurement will be performed.
If you manually define the start and stop frequencies, you can either select to add the

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frequencies to the scanning list or save them as a predefined set. Select your option in the
Add to scanning list menu.

4. You can also select Set center frequency and bandwidth to define the center frequency
and the bandwidth to be measured. If you manually define the center frequency and
bandwidth, you can either select to add them to the scanning list, or save them as a
predefined set. Select your option in the Add to scanning list menu.

If the requested frequency range is not supported by the device, Nemo Outdoor
automatically adjusts the frequency range for the device, and only frequency ranges
supported by the scanning receiver are used to perform spectrum analyzer
measurements.

5. The resolution bandwidth defines the number of samples taken from the frequency range
selected to be swept. It should be noted that the maximum number of samples cannot
exceed 5000 so the combination of the selected frequency range to be swept and the
resolution bandwidth must be selected according to that criteria.

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6. You can add scanning sets in the Predefined scanning sets field through the Add to
Scanning List button. Click the arrow in the button and select Save as Predefined Set.
Define a name in the Enter Frequency Set Name field and click OK.

7. The name appears in the Predefined scanning sets field along with the chosen frequency
and/or bandwidth information selected in the Reporting field.

8. After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start
the scanning.

9. A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that
the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings.

10. Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file

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4.6 Band scan


With the Nemo FSR1 scanner you can perform band scanning. All specified channels are scanned for
the selected band and technology and the strongest measured identifiers (CDMA PN, EVDO PN,
WCDMA SC, LTE Cell ID) for every valid channel of that technology type are reported. To be able to
scan a certain technology you need to have a valid license for the technology in question. Signal
strength and signal quality are reported for each identified channel. This feature is useful in areas
where the technologies and the broadcasted bands are unknown.

1. To start a band scan, right click the Nemo FSR1 item in the Devices view and select Band
Scan.

2. Available technologies and bands supported by the scanner are shown under Scan
settings. Please note that only licensed technologies (systems) are shown.

3. Select the technologies and bands that you want to be scanned and define the threshold
levels for the parameters available.

4. Finally press the Start Scan button. With the default threshold values it takes
approximately two minutes and 30 seconds to scan GSM 900, 1800 and WCDMA 2100

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bands. The scanning rate can be increased by adjusting the threshold values.

5. Scanning results are displayed on the Scan results page. It is possible to save the results
to a text file (.csv).

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4.7 Indoor measurement mode


With the indoor measurement mode, the Nemo FSR1 scanner is synchronized with automatic
frequency control (AFC) instead of GPS time. This makes it possible to perform indoor scanning
without a GPS receiver. The indoor mode is suitable for up to 10km/h (6 MPH) speeds and can be
used in GSM, WCDMA, and LTE measurements.
To activate the indoor measurement mode, go to Nemo Outdoor | Measurement <device name>
| General Properties | General page and click the Advanced button. Select the Enable Indoor
Measurement Mode option.

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5 UPDATING NEMO FSR1 FIRMWARE

The Nemo FSR1 processing engine incorporates several signal processing resource blocks including
DSP, FPGA, PDC, and host processor. At any time that a software module is updated, its revision is
raised and the overall package revision is incremented with it.

Nemo FSR1 firmware can be updated using the Nemo FSR1 Firmware Update Utility or through
Nemo Outdoor.

5.1 Firmware update through Nemo Outdoor


Connect the scanner to Nemo Outdoor and then click the Measurement settings button in the
Devices view. Select Update Firmware.

In the File field, browse the latest firmware update file (.ffw) and click Update. The update may
take a few minutes. Do not switch off the scanner!

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When the update is complete power cycle the scanner (manually switch the scanner off and on from
the main switch) and close the dialog.

5.2 Firmware update with Nemo FSR1 firmware update utility


The FSR1 Firmware Update Utility needs to be installed on your computer. The installation files
are available from Nemo Technical Support (nemosupport@anite.com).

Depending on the type of update you are performing (firmware update or license update), you will
need either of the following files:

Firmware update file (.ffw) for firmware updates

License file (.lic) for license updates

Please contact Nemo Technical Support (nemosupport@anite.com) and provide the following
information:

Down converter model number (e.g. GWIRDC94182126)

Down converted serial number (e.g. s/n 00021534)

Scanner MAC ID (e.g. 123)

Required options with product codes (e.g. 315022-03 LTE option)

You will receive the files needed for the update by email. Create a folder on your PC and save the
files in that folder.

5.2.1 Connecting the scanner


First, configure the IP address on your PC to work with the IP of the FSR1 unit.

Go to Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Click on Change
adapter settings.

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Right-click on Local Area Connection and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties
dialog, select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click Properties.

Select Use the following IP address and type in an IP address that is different from that of the
scanner. The IP address should be 192.168.3.xxx where the xxx can be anything else except 250,
251, 252, or 253 because those four IP addresses are reserved for the scanner. Click OK and
Close.

Now connect the FSR1 data cable to your PC and switch on the scanner. Wait until LEDs in the front
panel light up. Launch the FSR1 Firmware Tool (FSR1FirmwareUpdater.exe).

The utility will automatically detect the scanner and display the IP address of the scanner in the
Unit IP Address field. If the field does not display an IP address, click the small arrow in the field.
The word Scanning appears in the field as the utility scans the IP address within the range of IP

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addresses that are accessible according to the TCP/IP property configuration of your PC. A typical IP
address for a direct cable connection to the FSR1 is 192.168.3.100. If the FSR1 is on a network, the
FSR1 may need to be configured according to acceptable IP addresses for that network.

Once the field displays the IP address of your scanner, click on Connect. A list of FSR1 information
is displayed.

5.2.2 Updating firmware


Click on Update Firmware and browse to the folder where you have the .ffw file. Select the file
and click OK.

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Click OK to confirm the firmware update.

Click OK. It is important NOT to disconnect or power cycle the scanner during the firmware update.

Once you see the Firmware update completed successfully message, power cycle the scanner.

When you recycle power to the scanner and connect again, the FSR1 information should display
new version numbers for the irx.probe, irx.8xx, and irx.fpga files.

5.2.3 Updating licenses


To update licenses for the scanner, click on Update Licenses. Browse to the folder where you have
the license file (.lic) and click OK.

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Click OK to confirm the license update.

Click OK. It is important not to disconnect or power cycle the scanner during the license update.

Once you see the Firmware update completed successfully message, power recycle the
scanner. When you recycle power to the scanner and connect again, press the FSR1 Info button.
The FSR1 information should display the new version number for the .lic file. Furthermore, under
FSR1 capabilities are listed all supported bands and technologies.

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6 NEMO FSR1 SELF-TEST AND


CALIBRATION

6.1 Self-test
The self-test feature of the Nemo FSR1 scanner is a method of verifying end-to-end functionality of
the scanner. A small, known signal is self-generated and introduced into the scanner input. The
measured result must fall within prescribed limits or the self-test fails.

Self-test runs every time the handler is started and notifications are sent to the user interface
depending on the calibration results. Self-test results can be viewed in the Nemo Outdoor Output
window.

Test passed

o No action required. Indicates that there are no known issues with receiver/down
converter module calibration.

Calibration warning

o Measured noise level indicates that the down converter is functioning but may be at
or approaching calibration limits. Recommended that the down converter is
calibrated as soon as possible. Please contact Nemo helpdesk or local sales
representative to arrange re-calibration.

Test failure

o Measured noise levels are significantly out of range and down converter is not
functioning correctly. Recommended that the down converter be returned
immediately for factory assessment, potential repair, and calibration. Please contact
Nemo helpdesk or local sales representative to arrange service for the unit.

Because the self-test feature tests most functions of the scanner, a failure or warning from the self-
test can be caused by components of the front-end or the base unit. While in the field, the following
tests are recommended to help narrow down the search for the root cause:

1. Power-cycle the Nemo FSR1 scanner (turn it off for 5 seconds, then back on). See if the
problem remains.

2. Try the front-end in the other slot of the same scanner base. If the self-test passes with the
front-end in one slot of the scanner but fails in the other slot, the scanner base unit is the
possible cause of problems.

3. If possible, try the front-end in a different scanner base unit. If the self-test still fails, the
front-end is the most likely source of the failure. If the receiver passes in another scanner,
the first scanner base unit is likely the cause of the failure.

4. If the base unit is suspect, it should be tested with another front-end installed. If the self-
test still reports a failure, the base unit is most likely the source of failure.

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If the return of the equipment is planned, both the scanner base and front-end should be returned
together for troubleshooting and repair. Log the MAC address and serial number of the base unit
and serial number of the front-end and obtain return authorization from Nemo Helpdesk
(nemosupport@anite.com).

6.2 Calibration
All Nemo FSR1 down converters are calibrated by Anite prior delivery. The first re-calibration of a
down converter is 14 months from the initial calibration. Anite recommends re-calibrating down
converters annually. The calibration date reminder in Nemo Outdoor/Invex helps arranging the re-
calibration. Calibration expiration date information is programmed to each down converter. The
Nemo FSR1 handler reads the calibration expiration date information from the scanner and
generates calibration expiration notifications for the user interface. Notification is displayed once per
day when the following number of days to the expiration date is remaining: 60, 30, 15, 7, 6, 5, 4,
3, 2, 1. On the expiration day and every day after that, the notification is shown every time a
measurement is started.

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7 TROUBLESHOOTING

If a Scanner synchronization failed error message appears in the Output window, the scanner is
working properly, but the scanner did not find strong enough a CPICH in a short time period.
Nevertheless, the measurement will go on normally.

If a Scanner GPS locking failed error message appears in the Output window, the scanner is
working properly, but the scanner GPS has no fix or is not connected. The measurement will go on
normally, but the scanner accuracy is not as good as it is when the scanner GPS has a fix.

If the Nemo FSR1 license information cannot be read by Nemo Outdoor, please check that the down
converter is attached properly. If this does not help, it is possible that the down converter is
damaged. Please contact Anite technical support for further advice.

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www.anite.com/nemo

CONTACT DETAILS

talk +358 50 395 7700


read anite.com/nemo
write nemo.sales@anite.com

2015