Você está na página 1de 6

Myrtales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Myrtales

Lumnitzera littorea

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

Clade: Angiosperms

Clade: Eudicots

Clade: Rosids

Clade: Malvids

Order: Myrtales
Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl[1]

Families

Alzateaceae
Combretaceae
Crypteroniaceae
Lythraceae
Melastomataceae
Myrtaceae
Onagraceae
Penaeaceae
Vochysiaceae

Blue Eyes Fuchsia flower and buds, from order Myrtales and family Onagraceae

The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed as a sister to the eurosids II clade as of the
publishing of the Eucalyptus grandis genome in June 2014.[2] The APG III system of classification
for angiosperms still places it within the eurosids. The following families are included as of APG III:[1]

Alzateaceae S. A. Graham
Combretaceae R. Br. (leadwood family)
Crypteroniaceae A. DC.
Lythraceae J. St.-Hil. (loosestrife and pomegranate family)
Melastomataceae Juss. (including Memecylaceae DC.)
Myrtaceae Juss. (myrtle family; including Heteropyxidaceae Engl. &
Gilg, Psiloxylaceae Croizat)
Onagraceae Juss. (evening primrose family)
Penaeaceae Sweet ex
Guill. (including Oliniaceae Arn., Rhynchocalycaceae L. A. S. Johnson
& B. G. Briggs)
Vochysiaceae A. St.-Hil.
The Cronquist system gives essentially the same composition, except the Vochysiaceae are
removed to the order Polygalales, and the Thymelaeaceaeare included. The
families Sonneratiaceae, Trapaceae, and Punicaceae are removed from the Lythraceae. In the
classification system of Dahlgren the Myrtales were in the superorder Myrtiflorae (also called
Myrtanae). The APG III system agrees with the older Cronquist circumscriptions of treating
Psiloxylaceae and Heteropyxidaceae within Myrtaceae, and Memecyclaceae within
Melastomataceae.
Ellagitannins are reported in dicotyledoneous angiospermes, and notably in species in the order
Myrtales.[3]

Origins[edit]
Myrtales is dated to have begun 8999 million years ago (mya) in Australasia. There is some
contention as to that date however, which was obtained using nuclear DNA. When looking at
chloroplast DNA, the myrtales ancestor is instead considered to have evolved in the mid-Cretaceous
period (100 mya) in Southeast Africa, rather than in Australasia.[4] Although the APG system
classifies myrtales as within the eurosids, the recently published genome of Eucalyptus
grandis places the order myrtales as a sister to the eurosids rather than inside them. The
discrepancy is thought to have arisen due to the difference between using a large number of taxa
versus using a large number of genes for constructing a phylogeny.[2]

References[edit]
1. ^ Jump up to:a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of
the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and
families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean
Society, 161 (2): 105121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x,
retrieved 2010-12-10
2. ^ Jump up to:a b Myburg, A.A.; Grattapaglia, D.; Tuskan, G.A.; Hellsten,
U.; Hayes, R.D.; Grimwood, J.; Jenkins, J.; Lindquist, E.; Tice, H.;
Bauer, D.; et al. (2014). "The genome of Eucalyptus
grandis". Nature. 510: 356.
3. Jump up^ Yoshida, Takashi; Amakura, Yoshiaki; Yoshimura, Morio
(2010). "Structural Features and Biological Properties of Ellagitannins
in Some Plant Families of the Order Myrtales". Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11: 79
106. doi:10.3390/ijms11010079.
4. Jump up^ Grattapaglia, D., Vaillancourt, R. E., Shepherd, M.,
Thumma, B. R., Foley, W., Kulheim, C., Potts, B. M., and Myburg,
A. A. (2012). Progress in myrtaceae genetics and genomics:
Eucalyptus as the pivotal genus. Tree Genetics and Genomes 8, 463
508.

Conti, E.; Erikkson, T.; Schonenberger, J.; Sytsma, K. J.; Baum, D.


A. (2002). "Early Tertiary Out-of-India Dispersal of Crypteroniaceae:
Evidence from Phylogeny and Molecular Dating". Evolution. 56 (10):
19311942. doi:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00119.x.
Schnenberger, J.; Conti, E. (2003). "Molecular phylogeny and
floral evolution of Penaeaceae, Oliniaceae, Rhynchocalycaceae,
and Alzateaceae (Myrtales)". American Journal of Botany. 90: 293
309. PMID 21659121. doi:10.3732/ajb.90.2.293.

External links[edit]
Wikimedia Commons has
media related to Myrtales.

Wikispecies has
information related
to: Myrtales

4328
F: 690
: 27072

I: 41944

ilworks: 54926

RMS: 234500
This Myrtales articl
e is a stub. You can
help Wikipedia
by expanding it.
Categories:
Myrtales
Rosid orders
Angiosperm orders
Myrtales stubs
Navigation menu
Not logged in

Talk

Contributions

Create account

Log in
Article
Talk
Read
Edit
View history
Search
Go

Main page
Contents
Featured content
Current events
Random article
Donate to Wikipedia
Wikipedia store
Interaction
Help
About Wikipedia
Community portal
Recent changes
Contact page
Tools
What links here
Related changes
Upload file
Special pages
Permanent link
Page information
Wikidata item
Cite this page
Print/export
Create a book
Download as PDF
Printable version
In other projects
Wikimedia Commons
Wikispecies
Languages

Azrbaycanca


Catal
Cebuano
etina
Corsu
Dansk
Deutsch
Eesti
Espaol
Esperanto
Euskara

Franais
Galego

Hrvatski
Ilokano
Bahasa Indonesia
Italiano

Basa Jawa
Latina
Lietuvi
Magyar

Bahasa Melayu
Nederlands

Nordfriisk
Norsk bokml
Polski
Portugus
Romn

Scots
Simple English
/ srpski
Suomi
Svenska



Ting Vit
West-Vlams
Winaray

Edit links
This page was last edited on 31 May 2017, at 08:59.
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional
terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit
organization.

Privacy policy

About Wikipedia

Disclaimers

Contact Wikipedia

Developers

Cookie statement

Mobile view

Interesses relacionados