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Gender has a major influence on the health of men and women.

Both menand women are


equally affected by gender and steriotipi respectively. For example, in accordance with the
expected patterns of behavior as a female, then male is considered inappropriate shows pain
or demonstrate the weaknesses as well as his or her concerns. Women are expected to have a
high tolerance, impacting against their way of putting off the search treatment, especially in a
situation of social economy is less and had to choose a priority, then it is usually the woman is
considered reasonable to sacrifice.
This situation can also affect health consequences faced by men and women. For example lung
cancer suffered by many men look out for is no relation to the habit of smoking. Sufferers of
depression in women are twice to three times as much as compared to men. Women suffering
from chronical illness more prolonged (TBC), but there is a tendency of calculations, becausethe
habits of women to disregard or delay seeking treatment, if it could still be passing on.
It is important to understand the reality, that women and men face the disease and pain can be
different. The information is only obtained if we have patient data, such as data age, status,
social economy disaggregated according to gender.
The things that are necessary to understand the gender issues related to health are: (1) collect
data and information that shows evidence of gender-based inequalities in the health
of women and men; (2) stated that data and information as well as memperhitungkannya when
developing health policies and programs; (3) Implement programs to correct the inequality of
gender sensitive; (4) Develop a monitoring mechanism responsive towards gender issues, to
ensure that gender inequalities are monitored on a regular basis.
Gender issues in the various life cycle. On this occasion there are four (4) gender issues in a
wide range of life, namely:
Gender Issues In Childhood. Gender issues in children of men, for example:on
some particular tribes, the birth of a baby boy with the pedestal it is desirable, for
example male is the successor or heir to the family name; men asthe breadwinner of the
family is reliable; men as penyanggah parents in the old days, and the difference in treatment is
also continued in childhood. Inchildhood, the nature of the aggressive boys as well as
the consequences of behavior is accepted as an animating, even pushed towards it, as it is
considered a nature boy. So that the data show that boys are more frequently injured and had
an accident.
Gender Issues In Girls. Biologically more resistant than baby girl baby boy against infectious
diseases in the first years of his life. Therefore if the data shows the death of the baby
girl and baby boy, ought to be suspected as the impact of gender issues. In infancy, death due
to higher accident experienced by Toddler Boys, due to
its aggressive and more motion. Demographic Health Survey data for Indonesia (SDKI 1991-
2002/2003) shows: the trend of infant mortality is higher in the male babies than female
babies, childhood mortality trend higher at toddler boy toddler from in women.
Gender Issues In Adolescence. Gender issues related to teenage girls, among
others: marries young, teenage pregnancy, generally renmaja the daughter of nutritional
deficiencies, such as iron, anemia. Step on teens, the disorder is a common symptom
of anemia among young women. The movementand interaction of social teenager daughters is
often restricted by the arrival
of menarche. Early marriage on teenage daughter can member responsibility
and burden beyond his age. Not to mention if teen daughters are
experiencing pregnancy, putting them at high risk against death. Teen putreri are
also risky against abuse and sexual violence, which can happen in the homeor outside the
home. Young women also could be affected by issues related to the vulnerability of their
higher against behavior-behavior steriotipi masculine, such as smoking, a brawl, in
sports accidents, traffic accidents, premarital sexual exploration risk against diseases related
to: STI, HIV/AIDS.
Gender Issues In Adulthood. In the adults, both men and
women experiencing health problems, caused by biological factors or because of gender
differences. Women face health issues relating to reproductive tool functions as
well as gender inequality. The problems, for example with the consequenceof pregnancy
and childbirth such
as anemia, abortion, puerperal sepsis (postpartum infection), haemorrhage, of berdayaan in
deciding even when it comes to his own body ("three late"). As a woman, she's
also vulnerable exposed to diseases related to STI and HIV/AIDS, although they often
only as victims. For example: the only method of KB is focused on
the acceptors women, women are also vulnerable to domestic violence, violence at the
places of work, and along the way.
Gender Issues In Old Age. In old age either male or female biological statedeclined. They
feel overlooked especially with regard to their needs is considered psychologically. In General,
the age of the female life expectancy was higher than men. However the longevity of women at
risk of fragile, especially in situations of economic soaial-
less. Social life in their usually more displaced again, especially with regard to the needs of the
increasingly numerous and increasingly dependent against the resource. Many women suffer
from osteoporosis in the elderly, that is eight times more than men. Mental depression is
also more elderly people suffered, mainly due to feeling left out.