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THE PHILOSOPHY OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION

Introduction

Philosophy is the components paramount and Supreme in education, because the


form of humans who want to be born is hanging to the site that is channeled through
education. Education is defined as by scholars as transfer values from generation to
generation either knowledge or skills, while these values are determined by the site that had
been saddled by education.

Master of education of Islam interpret the philosophy of Islamic education is a


philosophy that determines the final aim, purpose, objectives, values and ideals that have
been defined in advance by the philosophy of Islamic life and implemented in the educational
process. Hasan Langgulung (1986) state his opinion based on Islamic philosophy has put the
whole principles and norms which covers the entire scope of education. While al-Syaibani
(1979) explain that the philosophy of Islamic education is a philosophy of planned with
wisdom to make the process of education and education initiatives for a race. Education also
prepare young people and citizens in General so believe in Allah and to what is revealed by
him.

In conclusion, the philosophy of Islamic education is a philosophy of Islamic life


philosophy-source for using Islamic principles in education. The philosophy of Islamic
education in determining the overall purpose of the end of the life of the world hereafter
achieved successfully. Philosophy of Education pointed out that humans are creatures of
God and people have limitations in actions. Therefore, this education is a religious
philosophy flows, strive to cultivate human faith to Allah s.w.t. in efforts to develop the human
as a human creation, able to carry out its work as a Caliph of God on Earth in a State of
humble and obedient to him.

Before discussing the relationship of philosophy in Islamic education with general


education philosophy must be realized that the Islamic education philosophy has its source
specifically al Quran and al Sunnah. Philosophy of general education in turn source research
and human experience alone. However both have relationships or similarities in some sense
related to the educational process.

A clear relationship was both looking and get the fact the permissions associated with
the educational process. It is also always debate and predict about possible leads,
strengthen and help streamline the system of education. Philosophy of general education is
also the same as the philosophy of Islamic education in its goal to produce human good,
morally upright and harmony as well as have the ability to build useful to human
communities.

However based on specific sources, Islamic education philosophy more in mind and
steady because this philosophy-source al Quran and al Sunnah revealed by God. Philosophy
of general education only on the basis of thought, research and human experience and will
change from time to time according to their respective tastes. In addition, the goal of the
philosophy of Islamic education are also more comprehensive and aimed at creating human
and able to achieve happiness not only in the world even in the hereafter because the
philosophy of Islamic education to study the truth and put something on the right.

The philosophy of Islamic education are needed for the purpose of Islamic education, in
view of the position of Islam as the official religion of the country. Education system inherited
colonial is blurred in terms of philosophy and its goals. The practice of secularism and
dualisme in education will result in human development as human beings and Caliph of God
on Earth as well as to produce good citizens have not been met in full. The philosophy of
Islamic education are needed in:

Help you plan your education for a healthy thinking of educational process
The basis for the evaluation of the education system in comprehensive thinking
Formed the basis of education particularly in the teaching methods in schools,
universities and other educational institutions.
Building an own identity for our education system with the existence of Islamic
values in the development of culture and society.
To resolve the crisis and problems that arise in the system of education.

1.1 PHILOSOPHY of ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN ACCORDANCE with:

i. THE QUR'AN AND AS-SUNNAH

The concept of the Qur'an and As-Sunnah

Koran finished first in the source of Islamic law. No one among the ethnic Brotherhood who
dispute the validity of it or reject it as an argument, the problem of faith or law. The content
of the Qur'an covers all aspects of life, from the big teachings until sekecil-kecilnya. It
includes rules, information, guidance, advice, stories, perkhabaran good for them and bad
news for those who do the vices and shirk Allah, ekenomi, social aspects, politics, marriage,
muamalat and including higher education.

On the other hand, while Hadith jumhur distinguished unanimously say it ranked second
after Al-= Quran as a source of reference. Kehujahan Hadith in Sharia and law are also
based on the basis set forth explicitly in the Qur'an, the Hadith, and the opinion of fuqaha
consensus distinguished that told people believe in God and obey his Messenger also.
Between the basis of Quranic verses that enjoin racial brotherhood to refer to the Hadith is
in surah al-Hashr verse 7:

From here you can understand that the recognition of the Qur'an as a source of law and
followed the Hadith as the second place was for several reasons, including:

Each word contained in the Koran sure came from God.


Quran are proofs that convince and transferred or passed on to kitamelalui-
Fahad Street
The Quran preserved by God himself and secure from all fraud and change
any of the creatures. It is secure from the start it is revealed to the last day.

Philosophy of education in the Qur'an and As-Sunnah

Philosophy of education plays a very important in an educational system. It is a policy,


direction and guidance to all efforts made to increase the quality of education. In the
philosophy of education goals to be achieved are included, the method of implementation of
education, individual features to be created and the coverage included in the educational
system.
In Islam, philosophy of education based on the Qur'an and As-Sunnah. Both represent the
main basis to form a philosophy of education. All intent and content expressed and implied
in the philosophy of education referred to and conform with the requirements of the Qur'an
and As-Sunnah.
The following are among the details of the Qur'an and As-Sunnah towards the intent and
content of philosophy of education which covers;

Educational purposes
Educational institution
The field of education
Principles of education
Educational methodology

Educational purposes.

- Devoted to Allah-
- Shunning shirk
- Cherish the blessings of
- 93.
- Bertawakkal
- Do amar makruf nahi munkar
- Shaping human righteousness
- To glorify the Earth God
- Creating happiness life

Educational institutions:

- Parents At-Tahrim: 7
- Yourself Al-' Alaq: 1-5
- Masjid At-Tawba: 18
- Education institutions At-Tawba: 122
- Community Al-Nahl: 125
- Ruler- Al-Hijr: 94

Areas of education:

- Creed Al-Baqarah: 285


- Worship Al-Baqarah: 21
- Common sense Al-anfl: 22
- Morality Al-Nahl: 23
- Physical Al-Baqarah: 172
- Personality Al-Ahqaf: 19
- Community- Al-M ' Idah: 2

Principles of education:

- Be fair Al-Nahl: 90
- Gentle Ali-Imran: 159
- Love-Al-Fath: 29
- The equation Al-Baqarah: 213
- People's consultative- As-Shura: 38
- Fraternity Al-Hujurt: 10
- Disciplined Al-Isra: 23
- Facilitates Al-Baqarah: 286
- Looking forward Al-Qasas: 77
- Clarity- An-Nur: 31

Methodology of education:

- Teaching and advice (mau'izah) Ali-Imran: 138


- Which is (?????) Al-Isra: 41
- Narration- Yusuf: 3
- Q & a/discussion Al-Nahl: 125
- Comparison Al-Ankabut: 43
- Threats and promises Al-Fatir: 5
- Example confederates: 21
- Amar makruf nahi munkar Ali-Imran: 110
- Parable Al-Hashr: 21
- The call of jihad An-Nisa ': 84
Conclusion
Notion that philosophy of education according to the Qur'an and As-Sunnah give
three-dimensional material to be implemented, namely:
Provide guidance and motivation who ordered to strengthen faith, formed the moral
and spiritual and physical clean to achieve the dignity of human beings good and
conscious of Allah SWT
Emphasized the educational aspects that need to be implemented in the process of
guiding and shaping values and noble personality able to lift the dignity and
civilization of the ummah who are blessed by God.
Emphasis on effective and efficient approach to educate and guide human beings
towards glory and excellence in the realization of human function as Caliph of God
with guidance and hidayahnya.

ii. AL-GHAZALI

Cvs
Imam Al-Ghazali was born in the year of the Hijrah equivalent to 450 A.d. 1058 in
at-Taabiran/Ghazalah in the city of Tus, Khurasan (Iran).
Real name is Abu Hamad Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad
Al-Ghazali.
He has been called "Al-Ghazali" in conjunction with the title of his father, who
worked as a goat fur pemintal (al-Ghazzal). Some say commemorating birthplace,
Ghazalah.
He came from a poor family. His father is a member of a very devout Sufi. His father
has high ambitions which would like to see his son become a Godly and righteous.
Imam Al-Ghazali was a scholar, a member of thought and Islamic philosophy
leading until now.
He died on Monday 14 Jamadilakhir year 505 Hijrah (1111M) in Tus and his place
of birth.
Private
Imam Al-Ghazali have hafalan and memory is a powerful and wise argued.
He dominated various fields of knowledge.
Imam Al-Ghazali very love and knowledge.
He was also willing to leave all the luxuries of life for bermusafir in order to find and
claim knowledge.
He is renowned as the Islamic philosopher who had brought up the name of Islamic
scholars in Europe through his results in a high quality.
Education
During his early education he got for free because his family is poor. He learn
knowledge fikah at that time.
He subsequently studied tawheed, mantiq, motion fikah and philosophy as well as
researching and reviewing all the opinion of the four denominations to an expert in
the field.
After that he continue his studies with a teacher named Ahmad Al-Razkani, and
then berguru about Abu Nasr Al-Ismail at Jorjan.
Because Al-Imam Al-Ghazali had the height of the knowledge he was made a
grandmaster in Madrasah Nizamiah in Baghdad.
He has also traveled to several places such as Makkah, Medina, Egypt and
Jerusalem to pursue a philosophy of knowledge that is learned.
During the adventure, he has written the book "Ihya Ulumiddin" which contribute
significantly to society and Islamic thought in all problems which are still referenced
today.
The contribution of
Imam Al-Ghazali argues that, to get the happiness in this world and in the hereafter,
a person must have knowledge and practiced well and sincerely just because Allah
S.W.T.
Imam Al-Ghazali was a a member of the Islamic thought that left services can in
value through the results of the work.
Some of the works of Imam Al-Ghazali were translated into different European
languages to be used as a reference to students in higher institutions of learning.
As a result of his works is the famous Ulumiddin Ihya covering faith, knowledge,
philosophy, moral fikah and Sufism.
All proceeds of his writings affected the members think the next Islamic, such as
Jalaluddin ar-Rumi, Sheikh Ibn Al-Ashraf, and Rusyd Syah Waliyullah.
Most of the proceeds the work of Imam Al-Ghazali in the form of philosophy. By it as
such at the outset-Western researchers assume, Imam Al-Ghazali was a
philosopher. Among the results of his works include:

- Ihya Ulumiddin
- Al-Munqiz Min ad-Dalal
- Mizanul deeds.
- Is al-Falasifah
- Hidayah Al-Salikin
- Jawahir Al-Quran.
- Minhaj al-Abidin
- Asma Allah al-Husna
- Ayyuha al-Walad

- Chemical as-Sa'adah.

You can refer the Scriptures treatises Al-Ghazali to pursue the thought of him,
especially in the field of philosophy of education.

1.2 PHILOSOPHY of ISLAMIC EDUCATION the MINISTRY of EDUCATION.

The need to express the philosophy of Islamic education expressly start noticed by
Makers Syllabus/curriculum Committee of Islamic education. A series of discussions of
Islamic scholars were held. Outcome statement
Philosophy of Education the Ministry of education are stated as follows:

"Islamic education is a continuous effort to convey knowledge, skills and appreciation of


Islam based on the Quran and al-Sunnah, to form the attitude, skills, personality and
views life as a servant of Allah who has the responsibility to develop themselves,
society, the environment and the nation towards achieving goodness in this world and
eternal well-being in the
world."

This philosophy statement pointed out that teaching and learning in the subjects of
Islamic education emphasis:

Knowledge and knowledge


Skills or practice

Appreciate Islam

Attitude

Form the view of life or Islamic thought

Responsibility for developing themselves, society, environment and nation

Create good in the world

Achieve well-being of the eternal in the hereafter.

Based on the Philosophy of education of Islam based on the Quran and al Sunnah in
attitude skills, personality and views life lifeguard (students) who have a responsibility to
develop themselves, society, the environment and the nation towards achieving kebahgian in
this world and eternal well-being in the world.

1.3 ASSIGNMENT DISCUSSION

i. Discuss the verses of the Qur'an and Hadith relating to philosophy of education according
to the Qur'an and As-Sunnah.
ii. Discuss the application of philosophy education in accordance with the Qur'an and As-
Sunnah in Islamic education curriculum.
iii. Analysis of some book of Imam al-Ghazali essays focusing on his education philosophy.
iv. How is the desire in the Philosophy of Islamic Education Ministry of education can be
achieved through the implementation of Islamic education curriculum.