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Name: Bell Ringer 1. Who is considered the “father” of modern genetics and when did he live? *Bonus* Describe his experiment(s), C0065. berodiag dalt « 2, Whatare genes? 3. What is DNA? “Bonus* Who is credited with elucidating the structure of DNA and when? lide 10¢ Word of the Day: Elu Tho Name: Period: __Date: Genetics - Inherited vs, Acquired Traits Introduction Imagine you just received a call from a lawyer asking you to meet him at his office. Upon meeting, you find out that a long lost, and very wealthy, great-great uncle has suddenly passed away. He worked hard all his life and invested his money wisely. He invented several small, but extremely important, computer parts, which he had patents on. He has left you all his money, and the rights to his patents. Sounds great, right? This story illustrates two ideas in life: * Your uncle worked very hard, and through his industrious nature he acquired great wealth. * You, however, have inherited your wealth. Plants and animals also have traits that they can inherit or acquire. Traits Traits are qualities, features, or other things that distinguish an organism. Traits can include hair color, tooth shape, beak shape, bone size, and muscle structure. Traits come in two varieties: acquired and inherited. Acquired Traits Just like your uncle, animals can acquire useful abilities. These acquired traits cannot be passed on genetically. In our example, you cannot inherit your uncle's knowledge, skills, ideas, or memories. This is also true of other organisms, Acquired traits include things like calluses on fingers, larger muscle size from exercise or avoiding predators. Behaviors that help an organism survive would also be considered acquired characteristics most of the time - things like where to hide, what animals to hide from, and other similar behaviors. For plants, acquired characteristics might include bending because of wind, or growths resulting from insect bites (such as galls). Inherited Traits Like our story, some things can be inherited. In organisms, inherited traits must come from @ parent or other ancestor. A trait may seem to skip a generation (or even two or three), but ifa trait shows up, it must have been present in an ancestor. Mutations are the exception to this rule. Inherited traits include things such as hair color, eye color, muscle structure, bone structure, and even features like the shape of a nose. Heritable traits are traits that are Name: lochs Fag Period: passed down from generation to generation. For animals, this may include stripes on a tiger, a skunk’s ability to spray, or the flavor of an apple from a particular type of apple tree, All plants and animals that reproduce pass on traits to their offspring Provide examples of... Inherited traits from your parents. Acquired traits in animals. Inherited traits in plants. “ ecee VE Can plants acquire traits? If so, provide some examples. ~ ad Cig (fe sae bananes Gingis 0 spend es dagite made Aarts te she Many ype Kk werarss att J gacepee > wiles by Panarns dees Tyopent Kerce y— openly eye heute - Ban's ate two ae mde wath! we wie = all ler * : . joe ret ogee whers aoe - tt Ge aes he ven ede CP fe ade TE OTS N seks wie TY . ee ote ate eee ye oe Tec Gaenches — ine shy F gonss Guna = Alea becpled sch oh cletnonstont teats 26 Mi Wootzpnicen k efanred aice abs | ae eeeees DHA maleate abet purses qembe we Bihoeb nied tm gt ath Uneamaganes — g atvrchn s aycleid au ls _€_picdeic Grint ie afta ales of past de cells Coesmabas mteuel & abil buono aie Comeau Chvomerid > pad, of she Uthveadieha herds tee bide a cham sore dade lengctdenlls docs cell diviss: