Growth of Solar Power Technologies in Spain

CSP deployement in Spain: A long way to succeed

PV technology already in the market with around 4 GW installed. Special care is to be taken with CSP, now !!

Julián J lián Blanco / Eduardo Zarza/ Diego Martínez Ed ardo Zar a/ Martíne CIEMAT-PSA 5th July , 2010

First demonstration projects in the early 80’s: Eurelios (Italy), Plataforma Solar de Almería (Spain), Solar One & Two ( p ), (USA)….but the 90’s were a ‘blackout’ period. Solar thermal power plants were not included at the first ‘feed-in tariff’ law for renewables in year 1998 (R.D. 2818/1998). R.D. 436/2004 already established a suitable framework for both, promoters and banks, then the ‘booming’ started…. R.D. 661/2007 confirmed the favourable scenario.

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

HOW DOES IT WORK ?
•Direct Solar Radiation is a POWER per AREA unit (W/m2). •It reaches Earth’s surface in a large amount, but with very low density, I < 1.000 W/m2. •It’s necessary to concentrate it by collecting a large amount of power with a large mirror surface and then reflecting it on a much smaller one. This way we can reach energy densities in the order of MW/m2. •That is possible with parabolic or spherical mirrors.
Absorber Tube

Solar Thermal Power Plants: 2D

Curved mirror
Absorber tube and reconcentrator

Curved mirror Pipe with thermal fluid

Parabolic troughs Linear Fresnel reflector

Solar Thermal Power Plants: 3D
Receiver / Engine Reflector Solar Receiver

Royal Decree 661/2007

Subsidy options

The installations belonging to the special regime will be able to transfer to the grid the net generated electricity: all the generated electricity less the electricity self-consumption of the generation system. This installations will receive a sort of subsidy (feed-in tariff), being h i b i the incomes according to one of the following two options: di f h f ll i i a) Transfering the electricity to the system through the grid, earning a fixed tariff for the electricity, constant in every period, expresed in c€/kw·h. b) Selling the electricity in the market of energy production. In this case, the selling price will be the result of the negotiation in the electricity market, and a premium in c€/kw·h.

Heliostats

Parabolic dishes

Central Receiver

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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ROYAL DECREE 661/2007
Tariffs RD 661/2007
Group Subgroup Power P< 100 kW Period Fixed Tariff c€/kWh 44,0381 35,2305 41,7500 33,4000 33 4000 22,9764 18,3811 26,9375 21,5498 Reference Premium c€/kWh Top c€/kWh Bottom c€/kWh

FEEDFEED-IN TARIFF: The way it works
Total tariff
(c€/kWh) 1. Constant Premium Total tariff Cap

b.1.1. b.1.

b.1.2.

The first 25 years From then The first 25 years 100 kW < P < 10 MW From then The first 25 years 10 MW < P < 50 MW From then The first 25 years From then

2. Premium decreases

34,39
Premium
25,4000 20,3200 34,3976 25,4038

Fixed tariff

3. 3 No Premium Tariff equals pool prize

26,93 25,40

Key point: No retroactivity: tariffs and premiums can decrease over time as technology improves and cost decrease, but for projects already launched, approved subsidies never change.
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

Floor

Courtesy: Iberdrola Renovables
‘Pool prize’ (c€/kWh)

0

9,2951

34,39
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

DMM1

Royal Decree 661/2007

Use of back-up boiler

Royal Decree 661/2007

Hybridization

Group b.1. Installations using solar energy as raw energy. This group is divided into two subgroups: • Subgroup b.1.1. Installations that only use solar radiation as raw energy through photovoltaic technology. • Subgroup b.1.2. Installations that only use thermal processes to transform solar energy, as raw energy, in electricity. • Important: This installations will be able to use fossil fuels to mantain the temperature of the thermal fluid to balance the loss of solar radiation that could affect to the predicted generation. The electricity generated from this fuel must be lower, in the yearly balance, to the 12 % of the total production of electricity if the installation sells in fixed tariff, or to the 15 % if sells the energy to the market.
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

It is admitted the possibility of hybridizations of several biofuels and several technologies. Hybridization Type 2: installation of the subgroup b.1.2 that additionaly incorporates 1 or more of the principal fuels for the groups: B.6: Biomass proceeding from energetic crops, wastes of the agricultural activities gardening or forest exploitation. activities, exploitation B.7: Biofuel or biogas proceeding from the anaerobic digestion of agricultural and cattle wastes, of biodegradable wastes of industrial installations or sludge of waste water treatment, as well as the recovered biomass in the controlled dumps. B.8: Biomass proceeding from industrial installations

The electrical generation from and paper). (agricultural, forest biomass must be lower, in the yearly balance, to the 50 % of the total production of electricity, and will be paid according to the tariff or premium of the fuel.
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FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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Royal Decree 661/2007

Maintenance of tariffs and premiums

Result: Solar Photovoltaic I
X 10 !!!
Photovoltaic Capacity Installed (MW)
3000 2500 2000 1500
85% of the objective

•The National Comission of Energy (CNE) established an information system through its web page, showing in each moment and for each technology, the total power with the definitive registration in the administrative register of installations of energy production in special regime. •This information system shows the degree of securing of the power objectives of Renewable Energy Plan 2005-2010: 371 MW for photovoltaic and 500 MW for thermoelectric, the monthly evolution, as well as the estimated time to achieve the aim. • Once it is reached 85 per cent of the aim of power for a group or subgroup, it is established the period, not lower than 12 months, during which those installations that are registered in the administrative register of installations of production in special regime will have right to the premium or fixed tariff.

1000
REP objective

500 0

September 2007

September 2008

Installations out of time, will be considered to fix the new objectives of FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, Energies Plan 2011-2020. power for the Renewable5th July, 2010

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Slide 9 DMM1 Encabezados
Daniel Morales Muñoz, 6/20/2007

Other Renewables

Royal Decree-Law 6/2009: Conditions to enter the Pre-assignment Register

• In order to support the sustainable growth of  the rest of the renewable energies, the  Government approved in 2009 Royal Decree‐ Law 6/2009:
– Establishes a register called pre‐assignment register  for all technologies except for photovoltaic. for all technologies except for photovoltaic – To get the feed‐in tariff it is necessary to be included  in the pre‐assignment register. – Main aims:
• Legal security for investors. • Sustained growth of the different technologies. • Higher efficiency by gradually adjusting the premiums. 

• Have grid access and connection point for the facility’s rated  capacity • Have government permits and building licenses • Have own economic resources or sufficient financing to  undertake at least 50% of the facility investment • Have reached a purchasing agreement signed by the Have reached a purchasing agreement signed by the  promoter and equipment manufacturers for an amount equal  to at least 50% of the total value of the installation as listed in  the project. • Have received a favorable report on use of water from the  competent authority • Have deposited a 100€/kW bank guarantee in the AGE  Government Depository.
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Current situation

CURRENT SITUATION

Breakdown of power/year

2.500

2.471

• 338 projects (9.050,8 MW) have been registered under the  new system:
– – – – – – Wind: 6.389, 04 MW Solar thermoelectric: 2.339, 89 MW Solar thermoelectric: 2 339 89 MW Cogeneration: 154, 49 MW Biomass: 87, 92 MW Hydro: 42, 94 MW Biogas: 36, 56 MW
November 2009

2.000

ACUMULADO (MW) CUMULATIVE (MW) ANNUAL (MW) ANUAL (MW)

2.028

1.500

1.378

1.000
632 746 400 171 650 443

500
232 11 11 11 0 61 50

0

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011
SOURCE: IDAE

2012

2013

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MAIN ACTIVE COMPANIES IN SPAIN
Main companies seriously working on CSP projects in Spain are: Abengoa ACS-Cobra Acciona Agni Albiasa Aries Capital Energy Endesa Enerstar Enhol Epuron Eufer Florida Power and Light Grupo Hernando Iberdrola Ibereólica Solar Prosolar SAMCA Sener Solar Millennium Valoriza (Sacyr Vallehermoso + Solel)

STATUS: STATUS: 9 plants in operation (332 MW) 25 plants under construction (1217 MW) 2339 MW foreseen till 2013

Many ongoing projects promoted by these companies can be affected by the current international financial situation, delaying their setup.
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

For further info, please visit: www.protermosolar.com
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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First Power Tower in Spain: PS10
A supporting factor: the PLATAFORMA SOLAR DE ALMERÍA
PSA is one of the biggest and most complete existing facilities to the research, testing and development of solar technologies and applications
SATURATED STEAM •Conservative approach •Limited capacity factor
Steam Storage System Condenser 0,06 bar, 50ºC Heliostat Field Steam 40 bar, 250ºC Turbine 11.0MWe

Solar receiver

Steam Drum


»

Further info: www.psa.es
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010 FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

ABENGOA STATUS
PS 10 Experimental area PS 20

ABENGOA STATUS

PS20: PS20 Inaugurated on 23 September 2009

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

PROTERMO

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ACSACS-COBRA STATUS
Cobra is building three plants and has the objective to operate eight CSP plants with a total capacity of 400 MW within five years
ANDALUCIA ANDASOL-1 ANDASOL-2 EXTREMADURA EXTRESOL-1 EXTRESOL-2 EXTRESOL 3 EXTRESOL-3

manchasol-1,2 manchasol 1 2 extresol1,2,3

ANDASOL 4 ANDASOL-4 ANDASOL-3 ANDASOL-5 ANDASOL-6 ANDASOL-7

CASTILLA-LA MANCHA

MANCHASOL-1 MANCHASOL-2

andasol-1,2,3,4,5,6,7

Objective 2012: 400 MW on operation
Solnova 1, PS 10 and PS 20
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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PROTERMO

ACSACS-COBRA STATUS
ANDASOL-1: In operation ANDASOL-2: Commissioning EXTRESOL-1: Inaugurated EXTRESOL-2: in construction MANCHASOL-1: in construction (228 M€) 228 M€

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EXTRESOL-1 plant in Torre de Miguel Sesmero (Badajoz)

ANDASOL 1 and ANDASOL 2
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

PROTERMO

Plant ANDASOL-1

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1st July, 2009

EXTRESOL 1
Slide 27

ACS-Cobra Inauguration of EXTRESOL-I

ACSACS-COBRA STATUS
Manchasol 1 and 2 - Under promotion

- 24 February, 2010 - 50 MW, with thermal storage for 7,5 h - 510,120 m2 mirror area

• Municipality of Alcázar de San Juan (Ciudad Real). • Under promotion. Condition of Generator in Special Regime. • Permitting Projects: 10/07 • Evacuation: REE. Granted point of evacuation • Start of construction: 09/08 • Start Date: 09/10
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010 FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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ACSACS-COBRA STATUS

ACCIONA STATUS
ACCIONA CSP PLANTS
Andasol 4 - Under promotion

• Municipality of Puebla de Don Fadrique (Granada). • Under promotion. • Execution Projects: 06/07 • Evacuation: Requested point of connection to Sevillana-Endesa. • Start of construction: 11/09 • Start Date: 11/11

ACCIONA has just started the construction of MAJADAS plant (135 hectares in Majadas de Tiétar, Cáceres), being the 3rd CSP plant in Spain, with an investment of 237 M€ M€ Total company investment to date in CSP (Nevada + 3 plants in Spain): 1250 M€ M€

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

First hit in the US !! New CSP Plant after SEGS IX in 1991 NEVADA SOLAR ONE, property of ACCIONA Solar

PROTERMO

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•64 Mwe •El Dorado Valley, Boulder City (NV) • Thermal Oil • No thermal storage • June 2007 • 250 MUS$

La Risca / Alvarado
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

IBERDROLA STATUS (IBERSOL PLANT)
IBERDROLA ENERGÍA SOLAR DE PUERTOLLANO
IBERDROLA ENERGÍAS RENOVABLES DE CASTILLA-LA MANCHA 90% IDAE 10% Technology Working fluid Heat storage g Nominal power Expected lifetime Net annual production Equivalent hours Expected solar resource Water consumption Natural gas boiler contribution Natural gas consumption 50 25 114 2.062 2.061 570.000 15 53 Parabolic Trough Thermal oil NO MWe years GWh h/year kWh/m2/year m3/year % GWh/year

IBERDROLA STATUS (IBERSOL PLANT)

Marzo 2007

IBERSOL-1: Project Data
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

December 2008

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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PROTERMO

IBERDROLA STATUS (IBERSOL PLANT)
IBERSOL: parabolic trough collector assembly

…but not only PTC plants are under construction !!!!!

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Inaugurated on 8th May, 2009
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

Collector type: EUROTROUGH

Novatec-Biosol: Puerto Errado 1

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TORRESOL ENERGY (GEMASOLAR)
TORRESOL ENERGY: Joint venture SENER (60%) plus MASDAR (40%) → 500 M€ investment GEMASOLAR: a 17 MW plant based on central tower technology 185 hectares of land surface Yearly energy to be produced: about 100 GWh The plant incorporates significant technological innovations (solar collection system and a molten-salt heat storage system that is capable of attaining temperatures exceeding 500ºC) 171 M€ funding secured (January ’09) Civil works already started Also on promotion: TERMESOL and ARCOSOL → two 50 MW plants with parabolic troughs- located in Seville and Cadiz (Spain) Company objective: the promotion and construction of at least two CSP plants per year
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

INFINIA Villarrobledo

GEMASOLAR: How to work 24/7
The predecessor: Solar Two Receiver (on Tower)

TORRESOL ENERGY (GEMASOLAR)

Heat Storage System

Heliostats (Concentrating system)

Steam Generator

Conventional Electricity Generator
FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010 FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

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TORRESOL ENERGY (GEMASOLAR)
……and here it is…..

TORRESOL ENERGY (GEMASOLAR)

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

FIRST ASIA SOLAR ENERGY FORUM Manila, 5th July, 2010

Conclusions

• The future Spanish regulation, under negotiation  nowadays, will continue its support to  renewable energies based in five pillars:
1. Promote a sustainable development of the  different technologies to achieve the renewable  energy targets for 2020 (around 40% of electricity  energy targets for 2020 (around 40% of electricity production). 2. Enhance technology development by adjusting  gradually the premiums.  3. Guarantee the necessary legal security for investors. 4. Simplify procedures for small installations (roofs). 5. Foster self‐consumption.
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Thanks for Th k f your attention !! tt ti

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