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TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2

POSTER SESSION: WELLNESS AND PUBLIC HEALTH


Title: INADEQUATE MATERNAL DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID Title: CHILDLESS, SINGLE MALES KNOWLEDGE OF
INTAKE IN LACTATING WOMEN BREASTFEEDING BENEFITS AND THEIR IDEAS FOR
Author(s): S. A. Smith,1 J. M. Gilchrist,2 T. M. Badger2; 1Arkansas SUPPORTING A FUTURE BREASTFEEDING PARTNER
Childrens Nutrition Center, Little Rock, AR, 2Arkansas Childrens Author(s): A. P. Grady,1 M. C. Schmidt,1 S. Goebel2;
Nutrition Center / University of Arkansas for the Medical Sciences, 1
Agriculture & Nutrition, Southern Utah University, Cedar City,
Little Rock, AR UT, 2Dixie Regional Medical Center, St. George, UT
Learning Outcome: To understand that by following the FDA/EPA Learning Outcome: Participants will be able to increase
fish consumption guideline, lactating women may not be meeting the
breastfeeding rates by assessing single mens knowledge of the
docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) AI. In some cases, maternal
supplementation may be necessary.
benefits of breastfeeding and their thoughts as to how to best
support a future breastfeeding partner.
Text: Omega-3 fatty acids, specifically docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are
essential for infant neural and retinal development. Maternal DHA Text: Breastfeeding (BF) is recognized as the best option for infant
intake impacts the fatty acid composition of breast milk. Many feeding. Education, social influences, and male support all play
American women do not regularly consume fatty fish, which is the roles in determining whether, or how long, a woman will BF.
primary source of omega-3. Additionally, the Food and Drug Whereas previous studies examined fathers attitudes, the purpose
Administration (FDA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have of our study was to determine single mens knowledge of benefits of
advised pregnant and nursing women to limit their seafood intake to a BF and their thoughts as to how to best support a future BF
varied 12 ounces per week because of the high levels of the neurotoxin, partner. Two hundred forty-nine single, never-married, childless
mercury, found in some fish. If lactating women drastically limit fatty males over the age of 18 (mean age 21.5 2.7 years) were
fish intake, their milk may not meet the needs of their infants, even surveyed. When asked to list up to three benefits of BF the top five
with maternal supplementation. We obtained multiple 24-hour dietary responses were: 1) Healthier than formula [27.6%], 2) Bonding
recalls from healthy lactating women (N 85) using Nutrition Data [21.7%], 3) Healthier baby [14.3%], 4) Cost [13%] and 5) More
Systems for Research software. Maternal DHA intake was compared to natural [10%]. These represented 86.4% of total responses.
the current Adequate Intake (AI, 300 mg/d). Very few (4%) in our Concerning the best way to support a BF partner, the top five ideas
sample met the AI, although intakes were higher among women (n7) were: 1) Verbal encouragement [14.5%], 2) Support her [10%], 3)
who consumed a DHA supplement (239.9105.9 mg/d) than those who
Dont be embarrassed [8.4%] 4) Help around the house [8%], and 5)
did not (53.290 mg/d, p 0.0003). The most common dietary sources
of DHA were: salmon, catfish, tuna, shrimp, and eggs. Nursing mothers
Cover her with a blanket [6.4%]. These encompassed only 49% of
who do not meet the AI may not meet the needs of their breast fed total responses. These data suggest that single men have some
infants, which may have future implications on their development. understanding of specific positives of BF but are vague or uncertain
Following the FDA/EPA guideline does not guarantee that nursing as to what to do to support a BF partner. Furthermore, two of the
mothers will meet the AI. Registered Dietitians should encourage support ideas listed above, along with Give wife privacy (#8 at
nursing mothers to consume fatty fish as endorsed by the FDA/EPA, 5%), speak to potentially being uncomfortable or embarrassed when
and when necessary to supplement with DHA. BF is being done. Studying how women would like to be supported
and educating men in that regard may improve breastfeeding rates.
Funding Disclosure: Funded in part by U.S. Department of
Agriculture CRIS # 6251-51000-004-01S, and LMi Funding Disclosure: None

Title: DURATION OF BREASTFEEDING ASSOCIATED WITH THE Title: CHILDLESS, SINGLE MALES PERCEPTIONS AS TO
BREASTFEEDING PEER SUPPORT PROGRAM FOR HUSBANDS AND WHY WOMEN CHOOSE NOT TO BREASTFEED
FATHERS OF BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS WIC PARTICIPANTS
Author(s): M. C. Schmidt,1 A. P. Grady,1 S. Goebel2;
Author(s): D. Lovera,1 M. Sanderson,2 M. Bogle,1 M. Vela Acosta3; 1
1 Ag/Nutrition, Southern Utah University, Cedar City, UT, 2Dixie
Mississippi Delta NIRI, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Little
Rock, AR, 2Division of Epidemiology, University of Texas-Houston School Regional Medical Center, Saint George, UT
of Public Health at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX, 3Division of Learning Outcome: Participants will be able to identify single
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Texas- mens (future partners) perception of why women would choose
Houston School of Public Health at Brownsville, Brownsville, TX
not to breastfeed. By identifying where this population needs
Learning Outcome: WIC breastfeeding educators should include the further education, breastfeeding rates may be increased.
male partner in the counseling sessions.
Text: Despite the numerous benefits of breastfeeding (BF),
Text: Objective: To evaluate the association between participation in the studies indicate that many women do not BF due in part to a
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and
partners negative perception of BF and embarrassment.
Children (WIC) pilot Peer Dad Program and duration of breastfeeding.
Design: Retrospective cohort study. Methods: Subjects were 200 couples Whereas previous studies examined partners/fathers attitudes
and 49 mothers whose male partners did not participate in the Peer Dad of BF, the purpose of our study was to determine single mens
Program. WIC mothers who initiated breastfeeding and their male (future partners) perception of why women would choose not to
partners were recruited from the Cameron County Department of Health BF. Two hundred forty-nine single, never-married, childless
and Human Services WIC clinic in Brownsville, Texas. Structured males over the age of 18 (mean age 21.5 2.7 years) were
interviews were conducted with WIC participants and their male partners. surveyed. They were asked their perception as to why women
Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate breastfeeding would not choose to BF. The top eight responses were: 1)
duration associated with Peer Dad Program participation. Results:
Physically uncomfortable [23%], 2) Embarrassment [17%], 3)
Breastfeeding at least six months was more likely among mothers with
more than a high school education and among those whose infant was Would not be able to [13%], 4) Health concerns of mother [8.2%],
introduced to a pacifier at the hospital. Fathers with less than a high 5) Inconvenient [7.9%], 6) Time [7.2%], 7) Ruins breast [6.5%],
school education were more likely to support their partner to breastfeed and 8) Does not want to [4.5%]. These represented 87% of total
six months or longer. Maternal characteristics associated with responses. These data suggest that this population has
breastfeeding less than six months included: previous breastfeeding, misconceptions and a lack of accurate knowledge about BF. A
difficulty nursing, thinking that breastmilk was not enough for the infant, future partner may play an important role in supporting the BF
thinking they were not producing enough milk, and reporting they had too mother to initiate and continue BF. The results of this study
many household duties. Although not statistically significant, mothers
indicate that appropriate early education of men may be an
whose partner participated in the Peer Dad Program were more likely to
continue breastfeeding at least six months. Conclusion: Peer Dad important factor in improving breastfeeding rates.
Programs have the potential to increase breastfeeding knowledge among Funding Disclosure: None
males and increase breastfeeding duration rates among couples. WIC
breastfeeding educators should include the male partner in the counseling
sessions.
Funding Disclosure: None

Journal of the AMERICAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION / A-111