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Tibetan Circle Dance(Gorshey)

Quang,Tenzen,Puspa,Esther,Ahouefa
YAK
Yak is the most important animal for
Tibetan people. As, they use them for
long journeys, for milk and meat, clothes
etc.
Before the invasion of China in 1959,
Tibetan national animal were Yak, Panda
and Snow Lions.
People dancing circle dance in Amdo,
east part of Tibet. This is an overview
of their dance and the atmosphere.
Everyone can participate in the circle dance
as it is basically for having fun and get
together.
Origin and History of Tibetan Circle Dance
Almost every Tibetan who can talk can sing, and where
there is a crowd, there is bound to be dancing.
They dance at festivals, weddings, gatherings and even
during the leisure time.
Historical documents show us folk religion and
sorcerers in Tibet have been incorporating popular
dances into their cultures for thousand years.
The wild Bull Dance, Yak Dance, Deer Dance, Crane
Dance, Drum Dance and other kind of folk dances have
been passed down from generation to generation.
Importance of the Circle Dance
Most of the male and female Tibetan singers communicate through melody happiness and
sorrow, concentrating on distinct important points of their culture:
It shows a bonding love( bonding their hands each other) indicate the love for the country,
its people and culture
Its very importance of preserving the major and minor fields of knowledge about the
cultures.
the preservation of the environment in which Tibetans live
the preservation of the knowledge of ancient and contemporary history.
Circle dance is very famous and engaging dance of the country,
which is accompanied, by equally rich music and instruments.
It is very rhythmic, and is generally based on a stiff Standing pose and a quick bending of
the knees .
Body Postures During Circle Dance
Unlike line dancing, circle dancers are in physical contact with each other; the
connection is made by hand-to-hand, finger-to-finger or hands-on-shoulders.
Everybody has their own style of shakes, hops, and pauses.
It is mostly the movement of feet with little effort by hands.
When dancing they dance in Same Directions The "Same Direction" means
that the hands and the feet of the dancers move in the same direction and
makes special well-regulated movements.
This is the Tibetan circle dance performed by a
group of people in rural Tibet. It consists of both
male and female
BODY MOVEMENT, STYLE AND MUSIC
A group of dancers form a circle, holding each others hands, arms, or shoulder ; it has very
different forms from simple figures to the most sophisticated. Body movements is very
rhythmic, and is generally based on a stiff standing pose and a quick bending of the knees.
There was lot of beautiful movement of hand, leg, and body together with facial expressions.
Dance was performed in different shape like circle, straight, triangular and curve.
They used space in different ways. They are low to ground bending their knee, directional,
in line, away from audience, close toward one dancer and far apart from the other.
Dance was with full of energy and moving their body with ease.
COSTUMES AND IMPORTANCE
Both men and women wear very bright colorful traditional costumes. In
general women costumes are rich with ornaments, especially their head
covered and ornamented with jewels kerchief with embroideries and light
shoes.
The importance of the dance is to preserve and spread the Cultural Identity of
the Tibet.
The outfit they wear while dancing is called a Chupa
OPPRESSION TODAY
In todays Tibet, oppression and human rights violation is a big issue. Even in
the United States, Tibetan people are not treated well

In Tibet, Tibetan People are not allowed to have a picture of The 14th Dalai
Lama and not allowed to practice buddhism in temple, as it is considered a
crime in Tibet.

There is a lot of violence and mass genocides, but it also tends to keep all
Tibetan people united.

Tibetan people still pray for a democracy in China so that they can practice
buddhism and to have basic human rights.

Next slide is a recent episode of the American show, The Last Week Tonight
talking about The Dalai Lama and Tibet.
EVOLUTION of Tibetan Circle dance :
Tibetan Circle dance has changed a lot in terms of
its movements, the lyrics of songs and its costumes
etc.
As nowadays, movements are much gentler than
before, and the songs are played on speakers rather
than singing on their own.
Costume are much easier to wear as it has become
zippable and two pieced rather than a whole dress.
The privilege experienced by Tibetans presently in
U.S
(1) A native of Tibetan can seek asylum in the United .
(2) Tibetans from Nepal and India usually arrive in the U.S
using fraudulent passport ( while this might be
considered a visa fraud in many immigration contexts,
it is ordinarily excused in the case of a person who
deserve asylum).
Tibetans acculturation to the United States

(1) expression of their religious beliefs in the


United States by performing the circle dance.
(2) Many Tibetan Americans kept their cultural
traditions of having only native name.
CONTRIBUTION TO AMERICAN CULTURE
Tibetan circle dance is very popular within many different
educational and dance institute.
Tibetan circle dance gained popularity through Tibetan
immigrants in U.S.
It is mostly done on Tibetan gathering and especially on the
birthday of His Holiness The 14th Dalai Lama.
Tibetan circle dance can also be related to Native American
circle dance as the costumes, dance movements and the face
color looks mostly the same.
So when a Tibetan friend of mine did the ancestry test, it was
about 55% Native American. Which was quite unbelievable and
I think there is a Tibet-Pueblo Connection.
CONCLUSION
Dance is cultural identity: a way of connecting with
other people.
Ability to thrive Metaphysically
U.S- melting pot has altered and changed many
cultures forming a national culture that is infused with
evolution, acculturation, and assimilation of many
diverse cultures.
The newer generations of Tibetan, like those in the
U.S are dichotomy of ancestral roots and their own
tradition and cultural roots as part of a globalizing
world.
Work Citation Page:
Tibetan Dance. Tibetan Dance - Tibet Travel Guides, www.tibettravel.com/en/Arts-Culture/Tibetan-dance-104.html.
www.tibetoralhistory.org/culture

8 Days Group Tour to EVEREST. Tibet Tours & Packages | Tibet Travel Agency,
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1999/02/tibet-through-chinese-eyes/306395/.

Tibetan Dance. Tibetan Dance - Tibet Travel Guides, www.tibettravel.com/en/Arts-Culture/Tibetan-dance-104.html.

Tibetan Dance. Tibetan Dance - Tibet Travel Guides, Tibet Skyline,


www.tibettravel.com/en/Arts-Culture/Tibetan-dance-104.html.

Pearlman, Ellen. Tibetan Sacred Dance: a Journey into the Religious and Folk Traditions. Inner Traditions, 2003.

Tibetan Dances. Tibetan Dance, Tibetan Traditional Dance, Lychee Travel, www.lycheetravel.com/tibet/tibetan-dances.html.

Ricard, Matthieu. Tibet: an Inner Journey. Thames & Hudson, 2012.