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Industrial Residential Protection of

Group Parameter Exposure Exposure Ground Water


Soil (mg/Kg) Soil (mg/Kg) Soil (mg/Kg)
TPH-GRO (C6-C10) 3609 2406 414
TPH TPH-DRO (C10-C25) 4812 3208 7583
TPH-RRO (C25-C36) 18394 12263 16986
Benzene 52 34.8 0.04
Ethylbenzene 2047 1365 3.5
BTEX
Toluene 719 479 4.6
Xylenes 251 168 5
Acenaphthene 10457 6971 45
Anthracene 110098 73399 735
Benz[a]anthracene 20 13 0.43
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 20 13 1.5
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 196 130 14
Benzo[a]pyrene 2 1 11.02
Chrysene 1955 1304 43
PAHs
Dibenz[ah]anthracene 2 1.3 0.48
Fluoranthene 21501 14334 2127
Fluorene 10887 7258 54
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene 20 13.04 4.9
Naphthalene 62 41 0.2
Pyrene 15909 10606 250
Antimony 431 287 5
Arsenic 12 8 7
Barium nt nt nt
Beryllium 1175 783 63
Boron nt nt nt
Cadmium 539 359 4.51
Total Chromium 2886 1924 19
Chromium III nt nt nt
Metals Chromium VI 2886 1924 19
Cobalt 12368 8245 660
Copper nt nt 1408
Lead* 400 400 180
Mercury 6 4 1
Nickel nt nt nt
Selenium nt nt nt
Silver nt nt nt
zinc nt nt nt

Bold = carcinogenic in soil


nc - not calculated based on high variability in constituent solubility or unacceptable uncertainty
regarding toxicity
nt - natural earth element not considered toxic to industrial receptor
* - lead levels are based on USEPA worker limits
Some calculated cleanup values are above the soil saturation limit (Csat)

SUMMARY
Exposure Pathway: Ingestion, Inhalation, and Dermal Contact
Exposure Medium: Surface Soil
Receptor: Industrial
Receptor Age: Adult

Industrial
Equation/Parameter Units Source
Value
Risk Based Cleanup Level (RBCL) mg/kg Calculated
Ingestion rate (IRsoil) mg/d 100 RBCA

Inhalation rate (IRair)


3
m /day 20 RBCA
Exposure frequency (EF) days/year 280 BPJ
Exposure duration (ED) years 25 BPJ
Body weight (BW) kg 70 RBCA
Averaging time (AT - nc) years 30 RBCA
Averaging time (AT - c) years 70 RBCA
Oral Relative Absorption Factor (RAFo) Unitless 1 RBCA
Dermal Rel Abs Factor - volatiles (RAFd) Unitless 0.5 RBCA
Dermal Rel Abs Factor - PAHs (RAFd) Unitless 0.05 RBCA
Dermal Rel Abs Factor - Metals (RAFd) Unitless 0.001 RAIS
= 0.001, except As at 0.03
2
Skin Surface Area (SA) cm /day 3160 RBCA
2
Soil-to-Skin Adherence Factor (M) mg/cm 0.5 RBCA
3
Volatilization Factor (VF) m /kg Calculated
2
Apparent Diffusivity (DA) cm
3 /s Calculated
Particulate Emission Factor (PEF) m /kg 9.49E+08
0.5 -4 2 2 3
VF = Q/C*(3.14*DA*T) *10 m /cm /(2*b*DA) m /kg Calculated
3
DA = [(a
10/3
*Di*H'+w
10/3 2
*Dw)/n ]/b*Kd+w+a*H' m /kg Calculated
2 3
Inv of mean conc at center of 0.5 acre area (Q/C) g/m -s per kg/m 68.81 EPA Default
Exposure Interval (T) s
3
9.5E+08 EPA Default
Dry soil bulk density (b) g/cm 1.75 USDA - Loamy sand
3
Soil particle density (s) g/cm 2.65 EPA Default
L /L
Total soil porosity (n) = 1-(b/s) pore soil 0.340 Calculated
L /L
Water filled soil porosity (w) = wb water
L /L
soil 0.02 Calculated
Air filled soil porosity (a) = n-wb air soil 0.32 Calculated
g /g Avg desert loamy sand
Avg soil moisture content (w) water soil 0.01
Fraction organic carbon (foc) g/g 0.001 Est. desert loamy sand
2
Diffusivity in air (Di) cm /s Chem specific RAIS
2
Diffusivity in water (Dw) cm /s Chem specific RAIS
Henry's Law Constant (H') Unitless
3 Chem specific RAIS
Soil-water partition coefficient (Kd) cm /g Koc*foc (organics)
Calc/RAIS (metals)
3
Organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) cm /g Chem specific RAIS
3 3 Calculated
PEF = (Q/C*3,600)/(0.036*[1-v]*[Um/Ut] *F(x) m /kg
2 3
Inv of mean conc at center of 0.5 acre area (Q/C) g/m -s per kg/m 90.80 EPA Default
Fraction of vegetative cover (V) Unitless 0.1 UN Report
Mean annual wind speed (Um) m/s 4.3 UN Report
Equiv. threshold value of windspeed at 7m (Ut) m/s 11.32 EPA Default
Function dependent on Um/Ut [(F(x)] Unitless 0.194 EPA Default
Target Hazard Index (THI) Unitless 1 RBCA
Target Risk (TR) Unitless 1.0E-05 RBCA

Organic Carbon /
Henry's Law Soil-Water Diffusivity in Diffusivity in Apparent Volatilization
Reference Dose Slope Factor Constant Partition Air Water Diffusivity Factor
Residential
COC in Site Soil Coefficient RBCL
mg/kg
RfDo RfDi SFo SFi Koc (org)/Kd
D D D
-0 -1 (metals) a w A VF
mg/kg-d mg/kg-d (mg/kg-d) (mg/kg-d) H'
3 2 2 2 3
unitless cm /g cm /s cm /s cm /s m /kg
1
TPH
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aromatics) 0.2 0.2 0.724 1260 0.1 0.00001 5.88E-03 1.40E+03 10104.79
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aliphatics) 5 5 57.5 10700 0.1 0.00001 3.08E-02 6.12E+02 114194.43
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aromatics) 0.04 0.04 0.0302 5010 0.1 0.00001 6.85E-05 1.30E+04 12610.73
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aliphatics) 0.1 0.1 75.9 5370000 0.1 0.00001 1.61E-04 8.47E+03 23579.86
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aromatics) 0.03 0.03 0.00000486 224000 0.1 0.00001 2.48E-10 6.83E+06 25751.68
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aliphatics) 2 2
BTEX
Benzene 0.004 0.00857 0.055 0.0273 0.227 165.5 0.088 0.0000098 1.05E-02 1.05E+03 361.53
Ethylbenzene 0.1 0.286 0.322 517.8 0.075 0.0000078 4.69E-03 1.57E+03 14330.60
Toluene 0.2 0.114 0.271 268 0.087 0.0000086 8.19E-03 1.19E+03 5031.49
Xylenes 0.2 0.0286 0.271 443.1 0.0714 0.00000934 4.38E-03 1.62E+03 1759.55
PAHs
Acenaphthene 0.06 0.06 0.00744 6123 0.0421 0.00000769 5.82E-06 4.45E+04 73199.15
Anthracene 0.3 0.3 0.00227 20400 0.0324 0.00000774 4.11E-07 1.68E+05 770686.00
Benz[a]anthracene 0.73 0.308 0.000491 231000 0.051 0.000009 1.24E-08 9.66E+05 136.86
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 0.73 0.308 0.0000269 803000 0.0226 0.00000556 8.63E-11 1.16E+07 136.87
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 0.073 0.0308 0.0000239 787000 0.0226 0.00000556 7.82E-11 1.21E+07 1368.71
Benzo[a]pyrene 7.3 3.08 0.0000187 787000 0.043 0.000009 1.16E-10 9.95E+06 13.69
Chrysene 0.0073 0.00308 0.000214 236000 0.0248 0.00000621 2.56E-09 2.12E+06 13686.85
Dibenz[ah]anthracene 7.3 3.08 0.00000503 2620000 0.0202 0.00000518 4.43E-12 5.10E+07 13.69
Fluoranthene 0.04 0.04 0.000362 70900 0.0302 0.00000635 1.76E-08 8.10E+05 150509.38
Fluorene 0.04 0.04 0.00393 11300 0.0363 0.00000788 1.44E-06 8.96E+04 76210.13
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene 0.73 0.308 0.0000142 2680000 0.019 0.00000566 1.15E-11 3.17E+07 136.87
Naphthalene 0.02 0.000857 0.018 1837 0.059 0.0000075 6.54E-05 1.33E+04 433.89
Pyrene 0.03 0.03 0.000487 69400 0.0272 0.00000724 2.17E-08 7.28E+05 111362.59
2
Metals
Antimony 0.0004 1 45 3018.31
Arsenic 0.0003 1.5 15 31.6 29 80.89
Barium 0.07 0.000143 1 41 283411.29
Beryllium 0.002 0.00000571 1 790 8224.99
Boron 0.2 0.0057 1 3 852900.43
Cadmium 0.0005 6.3 1 75 3772.89
Total Chromium - carcinogenic 0.003 0.0000286 42 19 20201.57
Chromium III 1.5 1.5 1800000 11318665.09
Chromium VI 0.003 0.0000286 42 19 20201.57
Cobalt 0.02 0.0000057 9.8 1 45 86578.17
Copper 0.04 1 35 301831.07
Lead 1 900
Mercury 0.0003 0.0000857 1 52 0.0307 0.0000063 6.70E-05 1.31E+04 41.68
Nickel 0.02 1 65 150915.53
Selenium 0.005 0.398 5 37728.88
Silver 0.005 1 8.3 37728.88
Zinc 0.3 1 62 2263733.02
Italicized = carcinogenic in soil
1 Toxicity values and chemical-specific parameters for TPH from Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) Cleanup Levels Guidance (January 30, 2004) 2
Except for mercury, inhalation of metals involves the PEF term only and was included only if an inhalation toxicity value was available
RAIS - Risk Assessment Information System (http://risk.lsd.ornl.gov/homepage/rap_tool.shtml)
RBCA - Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum Release Sites, ASTM Intl. Designation: E 1739 95 (Reapproved 2002)
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency (Soil Screening Guidance)
BPJ- best professional judgment for site specific assumptions (worker tenure at KOC for 20 years and visit pits once per week)
** Assumes GRO = 40% aromatic, 60% aliphatic, DRO = 30% aromatic, 70% aliphatic, RRO 20% aromatic, 80% aliphatic
Exposure Pathway: Ingestion, Inhalation, and Dermal Contact
Exposure Medium: Surface Soil
Receptor: Residential
Receptor Age: Adult

Equation/Parameter Units Residential Value Source


Risk Based Cleanup Level (RBCL) mg/kg Calculated
Ingestion rate (IRsoil) mg/d 100 RBCA
3
Inhalation rate (IRair) m /day 20 RBCA
Exposure frequency (EF) days/year 350 RBCA
Exposure duration (ED) years 30 RBCA
Body weight (BW) kg 70 RBCA
Averaging time (AT - nc) years 30 RBCA
Averaging time (AT - c) years 70 RBCA
Oral Relative Absorption Factor (RAF) o Unitless 1 RBCA
Dermal Rel Abs Factor - volatiles (RAFd) Unitless 0.5 RBCA
Dermal Rel Abs Factor - PAHs (RAFd) Unitless 0.05 RBCA

Dermal Rel Abs Factor - Metals (RAFd) Unitless 0.001 RAIS


= 0.001, except As at 0.03
2
Skin Surface Area (SA) cm /day 3160 RBCA
2
Soil-to-Skin Adherence Factor (M) mg/cm 0.5 RBCA
3
Volatilization Factor (VF) m /kg Calculated
2
Apparent Diffusivity (DA) cm /s
3
Calculated
Particulate Emission Factor (PEF) m /kg 9.49E+08
0.5 -4 2 2 3
VF = Q/C*(3.14*DA*T) *10 m /cm /(2*b*DA) m /kg Calculated
10/3 10/3 2 3
DA = [(a *Di*H'+w *Dw)/n ]/b*Kd+w+a*H' m /kg Calculated
2 3
Inv of mean conc at center of 0.5 acre area (Q/C) g/m -s per kg/m 68.81 EPA Default
Exposure Interval (T) s 9.5E+08 EPA Default
3
Dry soil bulk density (b) g/cm 1.75 USDA - Loamy sand
3
Soil particle density (s) g/cm 2.65 EPA Default
L /L
Total soil porosity (n) = 1-(b/s) pore soil 0.340 Calculated
L /L
Water filled soil porosity (w) = wb L /L
water soil 0.02 Calculated
Air filled soil porosity (a) = n-wb air soil 0.32 Calculated
g /g Avg desert loamy sand
Avg soil moisture content (w) water soil 0.01
Fraction organic carbon (foc) g/g 0.001 Est. desert loamy sand
2
Diffusivity in air (Di) cm /s Chem specific RAIS
2
Diffusivity in water (Dw) cm /s Chem specific RAIS
Henry's Law Constant (H') Unitless
3
Chem specific RAIS
Soil-water partition coefficient (Kd) cm /g Koc*foc (organics) Calc/RAIS (metals)
3
Organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) cm /g Chem specific RAIS
3 3 Calculated
PEF = (Q/C*3,600)/(0.036*[1-v]*[Um/Ut] *F(x) m /kg
2 3
Inv of mean conc at center of 0.5 acre area (Q/C) g/m -s per kg/m 90.80 EPA Default
Fraction of vegetative cover (V) Unitless 0.1 UN Report
Mean annual wind speed (Um) m/s 4.3 UN Report
Equiv. threshold value of windspeed at 7m (Ut) m/s 11.32 EPA Default
Function dependent on Um/Ut [(F(x)] Unitless 0.194 EPA Default
Target Hazard Index (THI) Unitless 1 RBCA
Target Risk (TR) Unitless 1.0E-05 RBCA

Organic Carbon /
Henry's Law Soil-Water Diffusivity in Diffusivity in Apparent Volatilization
Reference Dose Slope Factor Constant Partition Air Water Diffusivity Factor
Residential
COC in Site Soil Coefficient RBCL
mg/kg
RfDo RfDi SFo SFi Koc (org)/Kd
-0 -1 D D D
mg/kg-d mg/kg-d (mg/kg-d) (mg/kg-d) H' (metals) a w A VF
3 2 2 2 3
unitless cm /g cm /s cm /s cm /s m /kg
1
TPH
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aromatics) 0.2 0.2 0.724 1260 0.1 0.00001 5.88E-03 1.40E+03 962.36
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aliphatics) 5 5 57.5 10700 0.1 0.00001 3.08E-02 6.12E+02 10875.66
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aromatics) 0.04 0.04 0.0302 5010 0.1 0.00001 6.85E-05 1.30E+04 1201.02
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aliphatics) 0.1 0.1 75.9 5370000 0.1 0.00001 1.61E-04 8.47E+03 2245.70
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aromatics) 0.03 0.03 0.00000486 224000 0.1 0.00001 2.48E-10 6.83E+06 2452.54
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aliphatics) 2 2
BTEX
Benzene 0.004 0.00857 0.055 0.0273 0.227 165.5 0.088 0.0000098 1.05E-02 1.05E+03 34.76
Ethylbenzene 0.1 0.286 0.322 517.8 0.075 0.0000078 4.69E-03 1.57E+03 1364.82
Toluene 0.2 0.114 0.271 268 0.087 0.0000086 8.19E-03 1.19E+03 479.19
Xylenes 0.2 0.0286 0.271 443.1 0.0714 0.00000934 4.38E-03 1.62E+03 167.58
PAHs
Acenaphthene 0.06 0.06 0.00744 6123 0.0421 0.00000769 5.82E-06 4.45E+04 6971.35
Anthracene 0.3 0.3 0.00227 20400 0.0324 0.00000774 4.11E-07 1.68E+05 73398.67
Benz[a]anthracene 0.73 0.308 0.000491 231000 0.051 0.000009 1.24E-08 9.66E+05 13.04
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 0.73 0.308 0.0000269 803000 0.0226 0.00000556 8.63E-11 1.16E+07 13.04
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 0.073 0.0308 0.0000239 787000 0.0226 0.00000556 7.82E-11 1.21E+07 130.35
Benzo[a]pyrene 7.3 3.08 0.0000187 787000 0.043 0.000009 1.16E-10 9.95E+06 1.30
Chrysene 0.0073 0.00308 0.000214 236000 0.0248 0.00000621 2.56E-09 2.12E+06 1303.54
Dibenz[ah]anthracene 7.3 3.08 0.00000503 2620000 0.0202 0.00000518 4.43E-12 5.10E+07 1.30
Fluoranthene 0.04 0.04 0.000362 70900 0.0302 0.00000635 1.76E-08 8.10E+05 14334.23
Fluorene 0.04 0.04 0.00393 11300 0.0363 0.00000788 1.44E-06 8.96E+04 7258.11
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene 0.73 0.308 0.0000142 2680000 0.019 0.00000566 1.15E-11 3.17E+07 13.04
Naphthalene 0.02 0.000857 0.018 1837 0.059 0.0000075 6.54E-05 1.33E+04 41.32
Pyrene 0.03 0.03 0.000487 69400 0.0272 0.00000724 2.17E-08 7.28E+05 10605.96
2
Metals
Antimony 0.0004 1 45 287.46
Arsenic 0.0003 1.5 15 31.6 29 7.70
Barium 0.07 0.000143 1 41 26991.55
Beryllium 0.002 0.00000571 1 790 783.33
Boron 0.2 0.0057 1 3 81228.61
Cadmium 0.0005 6.3 1 75 359.32
Total Chromium - carcinogenic 0.003 0.0000286 42 19 1923.96
Chromium III 1.5 1.5 1800000 1077968.10
Chromium VI 0.003 0.0000286 42 19 1923.96
Cobalt 0.02 0.0000057 9.8 1 45 8245.54
Copper 0.04 1 35 28745.82
Lead 1 900
Mercury 0.0003 0.0000857 1 52 0.0307 0.0000063 6.70E-05 1.31E+04 3.97
Nickel 0.02 1 65 14372.91
Selenium 0.005 0.398 5 3593.23
Silver 0.005 1 8.3 3593.23
Zinc 0.3 1 62 215593.62
Italicized = carcinogenic in soil
1 Toxicity values and chemical-specific parameters for TPH fromAlaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) Cleanup Levels Guidance (January 30, 2004) 2
Except for mercury, inhalation of metals is not part of the RBCL calculation
RAIS - Risk Assessment Information System (http://risk.lsd.ornl.gov/homepage/rap_tool.shtml)
RBCA - Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied at Petroleum Release Sites, ASTM Intl. Designation: E 1739 95 (Reapproved 2002) EPA -
Environmental Protection Agency (Soil Screening Guidance)
** Assumes GRO = 40% aromatic, 60% aliphatic, DRO = 30% aromatic, 70% aliphatic, RRO 20% aromatic, 80% aliphatic

Residential Soil HH
Exposure Pathway: Migration to Groundwater
Exposure Medium: Surface Soil Receptor:
Residential and Industrial Worker Receptor
Age: Adult

Equation/Parameter Units Value Source


Risk Based Cleanup Level (RBCL) mg/kg Calculated
mg/L Calculated EPA MCL,
Target soil leachate concentration (Cw)
=MCL*20 EPA Default
3
Dry soil bulk density (b) g/cm 1.75 USDA - Loamy sand
3
Soil particle density (s) g/cm 2.65 EPA Default
L /L
Total soil porosity (n) pore soil 0.340 Calculated
L /L
Water filled soil porosity (w) water soil 0.02 Calculated
L /L 0.32 Calculated
Air filled soil porosity (a) air soil
Avg soil moisture content (w) g /g 0.01 Avg desert loamy sand
water soil

Fraction organic carbon (foc) g/g 0.001 Est-desert loamy sand


Henry's Law Constant (H') Unitless
3
Chem specific RAIS
Soil-water partition coefficient (Kd) cm /g Koc*foc (organics) Calc/RAIS (metals)
3
Organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) cm /g Chem specific RAIS

Organic Carbon /
Target Soil
Henry's Law Soil-Water Water Quality
1 Leachate
Constant Partition Criteria Protection of
Concentration
COC in Site Soil Coefficient Groundwater RBCL
Koc (org)/Kd mg/kg
H' (metals) WQC Cw
3
unitless cm /g mg/L mg/L
2
TPH
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aromatics) 0.724 1260 7.30 146.0000 204.88
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aliphatics) 57.5 10700 1.30 26.0000 553.64
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aromatics) 0.0302 5010 1.50 30.0000 150.77
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aliphatics) 75.9 5370000 0.10 2.0000 10767.96
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aromatics) 0.00000486 224000 1.10 22.0000 4928.22
3
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aliphatics) 20000.00
BTEX
Benzene 0.227 165.5 0.01 0.2000 0.04
Ethylbenzene 0.322 517.8 0.3 6.0000 3.52
Toluene 0.271 268 0.7 14.0000 4.59
Xylenes 0.271 443.1 0.5 10.0000 5.03
PAHs
Acenaphthene 0.00744 6123 0.37 7.4000 45.39
Anthracene 0.00227 20400 1.8 36.0000 734.78
Benz[a]anthracene 0.000491 231000 0.000092 0.0018 0.43
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 0.0000269 803000 0.000092 0.0018 1.48
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 0.0000239 787000 0.00092 0.0184 14.48
Benzo[a]pyrene 0.0000187 787000 0.0007 0.0140 11.02
Chrysene 0.000214 236000 0.0092 0.1840 43.43
Dibenz[ah]anthracene 0.00000503 2620000 0.0000092 0.0002 0.48
Fluoranthene 0.000362 70900 1.5 30.0000 2127.30
Fluorene 0.00393 11300 0.24 4.8000 54.29
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene 0.0000142 2680000 0.000092 0.0018 4.93
Naphthalene 0.018 1837 0.0062 0.1240 0.23
Pyrene 0.000487 69400 0.18 3.6000 249.88
Metals
Antimony 1 45 0.006 0.1200 5.42
Arsenic 31.6 29 0.01 0.2000 6.97
Barium 1 41 0.7 14.0000 576.72
Beryllium 1 790 0.004 0.0800 63.22
Boron 1 3 0.5 10.0000 31.94
Cadmium 1 75 0.003 0.0600 4.51
Total Chromium 19 0.05 1.0000 19.01
Chromium III 1800000 55 1100.0000 1980000011.00
Chromium VI 19 0.05 1.0000 19.01
Cobalt 1 45 0.73 14.6000 659.83
Copper 1 35 2 40.0000 1407.76
Lead 1 900 0.01 0.2000 180.04
Mercury 1 52 0.001 0.0200 1.04
Nickel 1 65 0.02 0.4000 26.08
Selenium 0.398 5 0.01 0.2000 1.02
Silver 1 8.3 0.18 3.6000 30.58
Zinc 1 62 11 220.0000 13682.70
1 Water Quality Criteria are from the following hierarchically ordered sources:
World Health Organization Drinking Water Guidelines (3rd Ed., 2004) EPA
Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs; July 2002)
EPA Region IX Preminary Remediation Goals (PRGS; October 2004)
ADEC 18 AAC 75 Table C Groundwater Cleanup Levels (August 2003)
2 Toxicity values and chemical-specific parameters for TPH from ADEC Cleanup Levels Guidance (January 30, 2004). 3
TPH-RRO Aliphatic RBCL is ADEC maximum allowable concentration.
RAIS - Risk Assessment Information System (http://risk.lsd.ornl.gov/homepage/rap_tool.shtml)

Mig to GW
Soil Saturation Limit

Equation/Parameter Units Value Source


Soil Saturation Limit (Csat) mg/kg Calculated
Dry soil bulk density (b) kg/L 1.75 USDA - Loamy sand
Soil particle density (s) kg/L 2.65 EPA Default
L /L
Total soil porosity (n) pore soil 0.340 Calculated
L /L
Water filled soil porosity (w) water soil 0.02 Calculated
L /L 0.32 Calculated
Air filled soil porosity (a) air soil
g /g Avg desert loamy sand
Avg soil moisture content (w) water soil 0.01
Fraction organic carbon (foc) g/g 0.001 Est-desert loamy sand
Solubility in Water (S) mg/L-water Chem specific RAIS
Henry's Law Constant (H') Unitless
3 Chem specific RAIS
cm /g Calc/RAIS (metals)
Soil-water partition coefficient (Kd) Koc*foc (organics)
3
Organic carbon partition coeff. (Koc) cm /g Chem specific RAIS

Organic Carbon
Henry's Law / Soil-Water
Solubility
Constant Partition Soil Saturation
COC in Site Soil Coefficient Limit (Csat)
Koc (org)/Kd mg/kg
H' S
(metals)
3
unitless cm /g mg/L-water
TPH
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aromatics) 0.724 1260 nc
TPH-GRO (C6-C10 Aliphatics) 57.5 10700 nc
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aromatics) 0.0302 5010 nc
TPH-DRO (C10-C25 Aliphatics) 75.9 5370000 nc
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aromatics) 0.00000486 224000 nc
TPH-RRO (C25-C36 Aliphatics)
BTEX
Benzene 0.227 165.5 1790 388.94
Ethylbenzene 0.322 517.8 169 99.21
Toluene 0.271 268 526 172.47
Xylenes 0.271 443.1 106 53.32
PAHs
Acenaphthene 0.00744 6123 3.9 23.92
Anthracene 0.00227 20400 0.0434 0.89
Benz[a]anthracene 0.000491 231000 0.0094 2.17
Benzo[b]fluoranthene 0.0000269 803000 0.0015 1.20
Benzo[k]fluoranthene 0.0000239 787000 0.0008 0.63
Benzo[a]pyrene 0.0000187 787000 0.00162 1.27
Chrysene 0.000214 236000 0.002 0.47
Dibenz[ah]anthracene 0.00000503 2620000 0.00103 2.70
Fluoranthene 0.000362 70900 0.26 18.44
Fluorene 0.00393 11300 1.89 21.38
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene 0.0000142 2680000 0.00019 0.51
Naphthalene 0.018 1837 31 57.36
Pyrene 0.000487 69400 0.135 9.37
Metals
Antimony 1 45 23000 1039463.61
Arsenic 31.6 29 34700 1208483.53
Barium 1 41 54800 2257435.04
Beryllium 1 790 149000 117738916.44
Boron 1 3 43700 139580.86
Cadmium 1 75 123000 9248870.62
Total Chromium 19 12000 228120.00
Chromium III 1800000 12000 21600000120.00
Chromium VI 19 12000 228120.00
Cobalt 1 45 87500 3954481.13
Copper 1 35 421000 14816703.50
Lead 1 900 9581 8624759.39
Mercury 1 52 0.06 3.13
Nickel 1 65 422000 27511897.57
Selenium 0.398 5 81400 413777.36
Silver 1 8.3 70500 598831.94
Zinc 1 62 344000 21394760.11

Csat