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# Antonio built a square patio in his backyard.

He wants to make a
water pipe for flowers that goes from one corner to another,
diagonally. How long will that pipe be?

Solution

Hypotenuse = (leg)(2)
= (17)(2)
= 24.04 feet

## Gymnastics: The mat used for floor exercises at a gymnastics

competition is a square with a side length of 12 meters. A gymnast
starts at one corner of the mat and does a tumbling routine along the
diagonal to the opposite corner. To the nearest meter, how long is the
gymnasts path?

Solution
The diagonal divides the mat into two 45-45-90 triangles. The diagonal is the hypotenuse of each
of the triangles.

## Hypotenuse = leg 2 Rule for 45-45-90 triangle

= 12 2 Substitute
= 17 Use a calculator.

## Answer: The gymnasts path is about 17 meters long.

30 -60 -90 Triangle

## Architecture: The base of the Massachusetts Institute of

Technologys Building 66, an engineering laboratory, is
approximately a 30-60-90 triangle. The length of the hypotenuse of
the triangle is about 294 feet. Find, to the nearest foot, the lengths of
the legs of the triangle.
Solution

## Hypotenuse = 2 shorter leg Rule for 30-60-90 triangle

294 = 2x Substitute.
147 = x Divide each side by 2.

## Longer leg = shorter leg 3 Rule for 30-60-90 triangle

y = 147 3 Substitute.
= 255 Use a calculator.

Answer: The length of the shorter leg of the triangle is 147 feet. The length of the longer leg
is about 255 feet

The road sign is shaped like an equilateral triangle with side lengths
of 36 inches. Estimate the area of the sign.

Solution

## Divide the triangle into two

30

-
60
-
90

triangles.

The length of the shorter leg of each triangle is 18 inches. The length of the longer leg of each
triangle is 183 inches, by the
30

-
60

-
90

Triangle Theorem.

1
Area = 2 bh
1
= 2 36 183
= 561.18

## ANSWER The area of the sign is about 561 square inches.

You have a kite with 12 ft of string. The angle to your kite is 60 degrees from the ground where you
are. How high is the kite, perpendicular to where the kite is in the sky?

## 10.39 = distance from the ground to the kite.

We can also check this by using the fact that the distance from the ground would be the side
opposite the 60 degree angle in a 30 60 90 triangle. The hypotenuse is given as 12, so the formula
will be 12 * sqrt%283%29/2.
This does confirm to 10.39 feet.

1) Road Trip: Lets say two friends are meeting at a playground. Mary is already at the park but her
friend Bob needs to get there taking the shortest path possible. Bob has two way he can go - he
can follow the roads getting to the park - first heading south 3 miles, then heading west four miles.
The total distance covered following the roads will be 7 miles. The other way he can get there is by
cutting through some open fields and walk directly to the park. If we apply Pythagoras's theorem to
calculate the distance you will get:

(3)2 + (4)2 =

9 + 16 = C2

25 = C
5 Miles. = C

Walking through the field will be 2 miles shorter than walking along the roads. .

2) Painting on a Wall: Painters use ladders to paint on high buildings and often use the help of
Pythagoras' theorem to complete their work. The painter needs to determine how tall a ladder
needs to be in order to safely place the base away from the wall so it won't tip over. In this case the
ladder itself will be the hypotenuse. Take for example a painter who has to paint a wall which is
about 3 m high. The painter has to put the base of the ladder 2 m away from the wall to ensure it
won't tip. What will be the length of the ladder required by the painter to complete his work? You
can calculate it using Pythagoras' theorem:

(5)2 + (2)2 =

25 + 4 = C2

100 = C

5.3 m. = C

## Thus, the painter will need a ladder about 5 meters high.

3) Buying a Suitcase: Mr. Harry wants to purchase a suitcase. The shopkeeper tells Mr. Harry that
he has a 30 inch of suitcase available at present and the height of the suitcase is 18 inches.
Calculate the actual length of the suitcase for Mr. Harry using Pythagoras' theorem. It is calculated
this way:

## (18)2 + (b)2 = (30)2

324 + b2 = 900

B2 = 900 324

b= 576

= 24 inches

4) What Size TV Should You Buy? Mr. James saw an advertisement of a T.V.in the newspaper
where it is mentioned that the T.V. is 16 inches high and 14 inches wide. Calculate the diagonal
length of its screen for Mr. James. By using Pythagoras' theorem it can be calculated as:

(16)2 + (14)2 =

256 + 196 = C2

452 = C

21 inches approx. = C