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GENERAL SPECIFICATION

PIPING VALVES VESSELS

GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service.


Metallurgical and welding requirements

00 10/2001 First issue


Rev. Date Purpose of the revision

Owning entity: MOO/P&E

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 2 of 34

Contents

1. Scope ....................................................................................................................... 4

2. Reference documents ............................................................................................. 5

3. Abbreviations / Definitions ..................................................................................... 9


3.1 Definitions ..........................................................................................................................9
3.2 Acronyms / Abbreviations ................................................................................................10

4. Materials................................................................................................................. 11
4.1 Sourcing...........................................................................................................................11
4.2 Certificates .......................................................................................................................12
4.3 Destructive and Corrosion Testing ..................................................................................12
4.4 CLAS Materials ................................................................................................................12
4.5 CRA Materials..................................................................................................................21
4.6 Other Construction Materials ...........................................................................................27
4.7 Other Metallic Coating and Surface Treatment ...............................................................27

5. Welding Procedure Qualification Tests of CLAS Materials ............................... 28


5.1 Welding procedures qualification tests ............................................................................28

6. Welding Procedure Qualification Testing of CRA materials ............................. 29


6.1 General ............................................................................................................................29
6.2 Supplementary requirements for Austenitic Stainless Steel Welding ..............................30
6.3 Supplementary requirements for Duplex Stainless Steel Welding ..................................30
6.4 Supplementary requirements for Nickel Base Alloy Welding ...........................................30

7. Welding Procedure Qualification Testing of CRA overlay................................. 30

8. Design / Fabrication .............................................................................................. 31


8.1 General ............................................................................................................................31
8.2 Welding preparation and fit up .........................................................................................31
8.3 Preheating .......................................................................................................................31
8.4 Production Welding..........................................................................................................31
8.5 Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT) ................................................................................31
8.6 Sour service with alkalis/amines ......................................................................................32

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 3 of 34

8.7 Identification, stamping, marking .....................................................................................32

9. Inspection .............................................................................................................. 32
9.1 General ............................................................................................................................32
9.2 Positive Material Identification .........................................................................................32
9.3 Monitoring during Fabrication ..........................................................................................33

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 4 of 34

1. Scope
This General Specification governs the specific requirements applicable to equipments such as
pressure vessels, heat exchangers or air coolers, and piping, which are intended to be used in
Severe Sour Service Conditions as defined in General Specification GS MOO COR 170.
This specification shall supplement GS MOO PVV 611 for welding activities, which remains fully
applicable.
The present General Specification makes major reference to the NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156. It
states additional requirements with respect to Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC), Sulphide
Oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking (SOHIC) and to Sulfide Stress Cracking (SSC) where the
NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156 document is insufficient.
Figure 1 - CLAS Battery limits of GS MOO PVV 611/GS MOO PVV 622/GS MOO PVV 612

The above sour service severity diagram does not apply to CRAs. CRAs shall only be used
within their specified limits of use as detailed in GS MOO COR 170 and in this General
Specification, which make major reference to NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-3.
This General Specification is also applicable to amine service.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 5 of 34

Valves in sour service application are outside the scope of this specification unless otherwise
called by GS MOO PVV 613.
Transmission pipelines are outside the scope of this specification.

2. Reference documents
The reference documents listed below form an integral part of this General Specification.

External Documents
Unless otherwise stipulated, the applicable version of these documents, including relevant
appendices and supplements, is the latest revision published at the effective date of this
document.
Since this specification brings additional requirements dealing with a specific application (i.e.
H2S service), it is deemed to overrule any less stringent requirements appearing in any of the
other contractual Reference Documents.
Any divergence between any of the contractual reference documents and this specification must
be reported to the Company for decision. In such a case, and unless otherwise agreed or
decided by the Company, it is understood that the more stringent requirement shall apply.
Exceptions to, or deviations from this specification are not permitted unless previously accepted
in writing by the Company. For this purpose, Manufacturer's requests for substitution or change
of any kind shall be completed with all pertinent information required for the Company
assessment under a specific derogation request. In case of approval, such approval shall be
valid only for a specific case and shall not be construed as having general validity for other
applications.

Reference Title
API RP 945 (All parts) Avoiding Environmental Cracking in Amine Units - All parts
API 5L Specification for Linepipe
ASME BPVC Section II Materials specification
ASME BPVC Section IX Welding and brazing qualifications
ASTM A105/A105M Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping
Applications
ASTM A106/A106M Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-
Temperature Service
ASTM A179/A179M Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon
Steel Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tubes
ASTM A182/A182M Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy and Stainless
Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings and Valves and Parts for High
Temperature Service
ASTM A193/A193M Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting
Materials for High-temperature Service

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 6 of 34

Reference Title
ASTM A194/A194M Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy-Steel Nuts for Bolts
for High-pressure and High-temperature Service
ASTM A213/A213M Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-
Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A214/A214M Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance Welded Carbon
Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes
ASTM A216/A216M Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for
Fusion Welding, for High-Temperature Service
ASTM A234/A234M Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel
for Moderate and High Temperature Service
ASTM A240/A240M Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel
Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet and Strip for Pressure Vessel and for
General Applications
ASTM A249/A249M Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler,
Superheater, Heat- Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes
ASTM A264 Standard Specification for Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel-Clad
Plate
ASTM A265 Standard Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloy-Clad Steel
Plate
ASTM A307 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60 000
Psi Tensile Strength
ASTM A312/A312M Standard Specification for Seamless, Welded and Heavily Cold
Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes
ASTM A320/A320M Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel Bolting Materials for Low-
temperature Service
ASTM A333/A333M Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for
Low-Temperature Service
ASTM A350/A350M Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings,
Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components
ASTM A351/A351M Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, for Pressure
Containing Pars
ASTM A352/A352M Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic
for Pressure Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature
Service
ASTM A358/A358M Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic
Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Pipe for High-Temperature
Service and General Applications

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 7 of 34

Reference Title
ASTM A395/A395M Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining
Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures
ASTM A403/A403M Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel
Piping Fittings
ASTM A420/A420M Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel
and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service
ASTM A439 Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings
ASTM A494/A494M Standard Specification for Castings, Nickel and Nickel Alloy
ASTM A516/A516M Standard Specification for pressure vessel plates
ASTM A564/A564M Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Finished Age-
Hardening Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
ASTM A578/A578M Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination
of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications
ASTM A671/A671M Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion Welded Pipe for
Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures
ASTM A694/A694M Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steels Forgings for
Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves and Parts for High-Pressure
Transmission Service
ASTM A703/A703M Standard Specification for Steel Castings, General Requirements,
for Pressure Containing Parts
ASTM A705/A705M Standard Specification for Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Forgings
ASTM A743/A743M Standard Specification for Castings, Iron-Chromium, Iron-
Chromium-Nickel, Corrosion Resistant, for General Application
ASTM A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
ASTM A841/A841M Standard Specification for steel Plates for pressure vessels,
produced by Thermo-Mechanical Control Process (TMCP)
ASTM A860/A860M Standard Specification for Wrought High Strength Low-Alloy Steel
Butt Welding Fittings
ASTM B163 Standard Specification for Seamless Nickel and Nickel Alloy
Condenser and Heat-Exchanger Tubes
ASTM B164 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy Rod, Bar, and Wire
ASTM B366 Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Nickel and
Nickel Alloy Fittings
ASTM B425 Standard Specification for Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu Alloy (UNS N08825,
UNS N08221, and UNS N06845) Rod and Bar

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 8 of 34

Reference Title
ASTM B443 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-
Columbium Alloy (UNS N06625) and Nickel-Chromium-
Molybdenum-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06219) Plate, Sheet, and Strip
ASTM B444 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-
Columbium Alloys (UNS N06625 and UNS N06852) and Nickel-
Chromium-Molybdenum-Silicon Alloy (UNS N06219) Pipe and
Tube
ASTM B446 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-
Columbium Alloy (UNS N06625), Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-
Silicon Alloy (UNS N06219), and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-
Tungsten Alloy (UNS N06650) Rod and Bar
ASTM B564 Standard Specification for Nickel Alloy Forgings
ASTM B637 Standard Specification for Precipitation-Hardening and Cold
Worked Nickel Alloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for
Moderate or High Temperature Service
ASTM B705 Standard Specification for Nickel-Alloy (UNS N06625, N06219 and
N08825) Welded Pipe
ASTM B865 Standard Specification for Precipitation Hardening Nickel-Copper-
Aluminum Alloy (UNS N05500) Bar, Rod, Wire, Forgings, and
Forging Stock
ASTM E384 Standard Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials
ASTM E45 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of
Steel
EN 10160 Ultrasonic testing of steel flat products of thickness equal or
greater than 6 mm
EN 10204 Steel and Steel Products - Inspection Documents
EN ISO 6507-1 Metallic materials - Vickers hardness test - Part 1: Test method
ISO 17025 General requirements for the competence of testing and
calibration laboratories
ISO 9001 Quality management systems - Requirements
NACE MR0175 / Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas
ISO 15156 (All parts) production - All parts

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 9 of 34

MOO General Specifications


Unless otherwise stipulated, the applicable version of these documents, including relevant
appendices and supplements, is the latest revision published in the applicable yearly collection.

Reference Title
GS MOO COR 170 Materials for upstream sour service application - Specification for
selection and design
GS MOO PVV 611 Welding of pressure containing piping and equipment
GS MOO PVV 613 Valves materials requirements for use in sour service
GS MOO PVV 614 Welding of duplex and superduplex stainless steel
GS MOO PVV 618 Fabrication of alloy UNS 06625 grade 1 materials
GS MOO PVV 619 Piping or pressure vessel components in duplex and superduplex
stainless steel
GS MOO PVV 622 Piping and equipment subject to mild and intermediate sour
service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

3. Abbreviations / Definitions
3.1 Definitions
Buyer / Contractor: Natural person or legal entity that establishes the order and purchases the
equipment covered by the specification herein, this specification is an integral part of the order.
Inspection body: Organization Independent from the Manufacturer, designated by the Buyer
and responsible for monitoring the equipment manufacture from the reception of the raw
materials to the delivery of the piping or equipment
This Body shall insure that the following are respected:
The regulations when they are applicable to the equipment concerned by the specification
herein
The technical requirements in the Buyers order.
The type, number and distribution of the documents to be compiled by this Body shall be
defined in the contract binding Company or the Engineering Company.
This Body can be Company or the Engineering Company.
Notified body: Organization empowered by the Manufacturer to carry out the inspection
operations provided for under the Regulation in force (when the regulations are applicable to the
equipment concerned by the specification herein).
Engineering Company: Natural person or legal entity who carries out the services
corresponding to the design and supply of the equipment covered by the specification herein
and in particular collects or establishes the data allowing the manufacturer to size the
equipment so that it can satisfy the process function for which it is destined.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 10 of 34

Manufacturer: Manufacturer has the responsibility of complying with all of the applicable
requirements and assuring that all work done by others also complies.

3.2 Acronyms / Abbreviations


ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
AUT Automated Ultrasonic Testing
AYS Actual Yield Stress
BS British Standard
CE Carbon Equivalent
CLAS Carbon and low alloy steel
CRA Corrosion resistant alloy
DSS Duplex stainless steel
EFC European Federation of Corrosion
GS General Specification
HAZ Heat Affected Zone
HIC Hydrogen Induced Cracking
HRC Rockwell Hardness Scale C
HV Vickers Hardness
ISO International Organization for Standardization
MT Magnetic Testing
MDT Minimum Design Temperature
MPS Manufacturing Procedure Specification
NDE Non Destructive Examination
NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers
PREN Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number
FPREN wt% Cr + 3.3(wt% Mo + 0.5wt% W) + 16wt% N
PMHT Post Manufacturing Heat Treatment
PMI Positive Material Identification
PT Penetrant Testing
PV Pressure Vessel
PWHT Post Weld Heat Treatment
QA Quality Assurance
QC Quality Control
RT Radiography Testing

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 11 of 34

SOHIC Stress Oriented Hydrogen Induced Cracking


SS Stainless Steel
SSC Sulfide Stress Cracking
SCC Stress Corrosion Cracking
SWC Step Wise Cracking
TMCP Thermo-Mechanical Controlled Process (applies to carbon steel)
TOFD Time Of Flight Diffraction
UT Ultrasonic Testing
VT Visual Testing
WM Weld Metal
WPQR Welding Procedure Qualification Record
WPS Welding Procedure Specification
Wt Weight

4. Materials
Materials shall be selected among their related mechanical data sheets, piping classes and this
specification.

4.1 Sourcing
Materials can be supplied from stocks, then the following shall be met:
The list of potential stockists/stock holders shall have the prior approval of the Company.
The original Mill certificates of materials shall be made available to the Inspector.
The certificates made by dealers or stockists shall not be acceptable.
The original markings shall be easily visible on products. All piping bulk materials must be
fully traceable and correctly identified, particularly to the heat and test numbers of the
matching certificates.
In addition, the Company or Purchaser reserves the right to require any counter-analysis
or confirmatory tests (chemical analysis, mechanical tests, thickness measurements, etc.)
and to undertake a technical assessment.
Materials can also be supplied from a specific order directly from the manufacturer. Then the
lists of manufacturers shall be submitted to Company for approval prior to order.
The manufacturer shall provide documentary evidence of its ability and previous experience
data to produce the required quality of base material. As a minimum:
Previous Base material data
Existing Weldability data (both prior and after subsequent heat treatment), if required
Steel ruling composition (Proposed material Chemistry and Heat Treatment)

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 12 of 34

Preliminary MPS
Quality assurance certification
Quality Control Plan.
Procedures such as ITP, MPS, Testing procedures, shall be also submitted for the Company
approval.

4.2 Certificates
For severe sour service applications, all certificates shall be submitted for the Company
approval.
Material certificates shall be at least of the EN 10204 3.1 type.
For base materials above 75 mm thick, an EN10204 3.2 material certificate is mandatory.
In addition to the relevant standard requirements, the following additional information shall be
written down on the mill certificate:
Steel making and casting process
Manufacturing process
As-delivery conditions
Full Ladle chemical analysis
Hardness Tests results.

4.3 Destructive and Corrosion Testing


The destructive and corrosion tests required by this specification shall be tested by a laboratory
qualified ISO 17025.
When required by GS MOO COR 170; HIC/SWC/SSC susceptibility tests shall be performed by
the manufacturer or a laboratory approved by the Company. HIC/SWC/SSC susceptibility test
method and acceptance criteria shall be as stated in GS MOO COR 170.

4.4 CLAS Materials


CLAS Materials intended for handling wet H2S containing environments shall strictly be in
accordance with the requirements of NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 together with additional
amendments and modifications included in GS MOO COR 170 and this specification.

4.4.1 Carbon steel plates

4.4.1.1 Steel Making Process


Plate Materials shall be made from fully killed and vacuum treated steels. Steels shall be
calcium treated. Furthermore, the steels shall be produced by a ultra low sulphur plus a low
phosphorus process and shall receive an appropriate inclusion shape control treatment.
(Specific treatment by rare earth metals is not permitted). The alloying elements such as Boron
(B), and or Titanium (Ti), Vanadium (V) shall not be intentionally added to the steel. Only
residuals are acceptable.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 13 of 34

4.4.1.2 Process of Manufacture


ASTM A516/A516M Plates shall be supplied in the Normalised condition.
For severe sour service, Quenched and Tempered and Thermo-Mechanically Controlled Rolled
ASTM A841/A841M Plates are not authorized by Company.
The chemical analysis (ladle) of plate materials shall be within the following limits (all values in
percent, by weight):
C 0.20
Si 0.35
Mn 0.90 for plates Wt 12.5 mm and Mn 1.20 for plates Wt > 12.5 mm
Cr 0.20
Mo 0.05
Ni 0.30
Cu 0.15
Nb 0.05
V 0.05
Nb + V 0.08
P < 0.007
S < 0.002
B < 0.0005
Al (Total) 0.045
Ti < 0.02
O < 0.002
N < 0.010
Mn Cr Mo V Ni Cu
CE (IIW) 0.420 or CE (Pcm) < 0.27 with CE(IIW) C
6 5 15
Repair of defects by welding on such materials is not permitted.
The following investigations shall be issued for Company approval. As far as practicable, those
tests should be performed by the manufacturer.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 14 of 34

4.4.1.3 Particular Inspection of Finished Products


In addition to what is already required in the plate material specification, the following
examination shall be performed:

Ultrasonic Inspection
Ultrasonic tests shall be performed on each plates according to EN 10160 S2E3 or
ASTM A578/A578M level B.

Micro-Structure Examination
The plates shall be checked for microstructure evaluation on the full thickness in order to
confirm the effectiveness of the inclusions shape control treatment.
The examination method shall conform to the ASTM E45 standard (Microscopical method with
[A or B or C 2 & D 3 & A+B+C+D 20 with maximum inclusion size]. Inclusion types to be
assessed are: Sulphides, Oxides, Silicates, Nitrides and Carbides.
The frequency shall be 1 batch of examination per heat. 5 samples shall be taken over the width
( width, width, width). Plates rolled from continuous cast material shall be checked at one
end of the tested plate. Plates rolled from ingots shall be checked at both ends of the tested
plates.

Hardness Evaluation
The base material shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2.
In addition to the material tests certificates requirements, a Vickers hardness Evaluation shall be
performed on the through thickness of the finished product according to ASTM E384 standard
or EN ISO 6507-1. The test frequency shall be 1 specimen per heat and heat treatment lot on
each end for ingot casting and on one end only for the continuous casting process. Maximum
hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5.

4.4.2 Pipes

4.4.2.1 Seamless Pipes


Seamless carbon steel pipes shall be supplied to the requirements of API 5L (grades B to X 60
inclusive PSL2), or ASTM A106/A106M grade B, or ASTM A333/A333M grade 6, with the
following additional requirements:

Steel Making Process


Steels shall be fully killed (deoxidized) and Vacuum-treated. Steels for seamless pipes shall be
calcium treated. The addition of alloying elements such as Boron (B), Titanium (Ti) shall not be
intentionally added to the steel. Only residuals are acceptable.

Process of Manufacture
The Pilger mill process is not authorized by Company.
Seamless pipes shall be in the hot rolled, Normalized or Quenched and Tempered conditions.
Repair by welding is not acceptable.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 15 of 34

Heat exchanger tubes shall adhere to ASME BPVC Section II, ASTM A179/A179M and
ASTM A214/A214M standards. The Tubes shall be in normalized conditions and shall adhere to
the limitations on chemical composition and hardness of this specification.

Chemical composition
The chemical analysis (maximum values in weight, percent, based on ladle analysis) shall be
within the below requirements:
C < 0.20
Mn < 1.30
Si < 0.35
P < 0.020
S < 0.010
With:
Ni < 0.40
Cr < 0.30
Cu < 0.40
Mo < 0.05
Nb 0.05
V 0.05
Nb + V 0.08
Mn Cr Mo V Ni Cu
CE (IIW) 0.420 with CE(IIW) C
6 5 15

Hardness Evaluation
Seamless pipes shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer. Maximum
hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5 (22 HRC).

4.4.2.2 Welded pipes


Welded carbon steel pipes shall be supplied to the requirements of API 5L grades B to X 60
PSL2 inclusive, ASTM A671/A671M CC65CI22W/52 with the following additional requirements
on the finished product.

Steel Making Process of the Mother Plates


Plate Materials shall be made from fully killed and vacuum treated steels. Steels shall be
calcium treated. Furthermore, the steels shall be produced by a ultra low sulphur plus a low
phosphorus process and shall receive an appropriate inclusion shape control treatment.
(Specific treatment by rare earth metals is not permitted). The alloying elements such as Boron
(B), and or Titanium (Ti), Vanadium (V) shall not be intentionally added to the steel. Only
residuals are acceptable.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 16 of 34

Process of Manufacture
CLAS Welded pipes shall be Longitudinal Seam Submerged Arc Welded (SAWL) with a least
two passes, one inside and one outside, and with a filler materials with a nickel content of not
more than 1.00%.
Spiral welding and Electric Resistance Welding (ERW) fabrication processes are not allowed.
100% of the longitudinal welds shall be radiographed according to the inspection method and
acceptance criteria requirements of the relevant standard applied. All pipes shall be hydrostatic
tested.
Repair by welding on the plate material is not allowed.
For pipes ordered directly from a manufacturer, the plate material and the longitudinal welds
must comply with sections 4.5.1, 5 and 9 of this specification.
For pipes ordered from a stockists or stock holders, the following requirements shall apply:
Chemical Composition
The chemical analysis (ladle) of plate materials shall be within the following limits (all values in
percent, by weight):
C 0.20
Si 0.35
Mn 0.90 for plates WT 12.5 mm and Mn 1.20 for plates WT >12.5 mm
Cr 0.20
Mo 0.05
Ni 0.30
Cu 0.15
Nb 0.05
V 0.05
Nb + V 0.08
P < 0.007
S < 0.002
B < 0.0005
Al (Total) 0.045
Ti < 0.02
O < 0.002
N < 0.010
Nb + V + Ti + Cu + Mo + Cr < 0.50

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 17 of 34

Mn Cr Mo V Ni Cu
CE (IIW) 0.420 or CE (Pcm) < 0.27 with CE(IIW) C
6 5 15

Micro-Structure Examination
The pipes shall be checked for microstructure evaluation on the full thickness in order to confirm
the effectiveness of the inclusions shape control treatment.
The examination method shall conform to the ASTM E45 standard (Microscopical method with
[A or B or C 2 & D 3 & A+B+C+D 20 with maximum inclusion size]. Inclusion types to be
assessed are: Sulphides, Oxides, Silicates, Nitrides and Carbides.
The frequency shall be 1 batch of examination per heat 5 specimens shall be taken over the
width ( width, width, width).

Hardness Evaluation
Pipes shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer. Maximum hardness
value shall not exceed 248 HV5 (22 HRC).
A Vickers hardness Evaluation shall be performed on the through thickness of the finished
product as per NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 section 7.3.3 traverses (weld metal, HAZ, Base
metal) and according to ASTM E384 or EN ISO 6507-1 standards. The test frequency shall be 1
specimen per heat. Maximum hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5 in base material, heat
affected zones and weld metal.

4.4.3 Forgings
All carbon steel flanges and tubesheets shall be supplied in accordance with this section.

4.4.3.1 Steel Making Process


Steel shall be fully killed (deoxidized). Steel shall be vacuum and calcium treated where
commercially available. Alloying elements such as Titanium (Ti) and Boron (B) shall not be
intentionally added to the steel.

4.4.3.2 Process of Manufacture


Forgings shall be ASTM A105/A105M, ASTM A350/A350M LF2 or ASTM A694/A694M F60.
Cold work (Cold Forging) is not permitted unless otherwise approved in writing by Company.
Hot Forging shall be performed in accordance with ASTM A788/A788M and shall be forged to
shape such that the finishing may be achieved with the minimum of machining.
Hot work operations must be followed by an appropriate heat treatment with the following
decreasing order to preference:
Quenching and tempering
Normalisation and tempering
Normalisation.
Repair by welding is not allowed.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 18 of 34

4.4.3.3 Chemical composition


The full chemical analysis (ladle) of forgings shall be within the following limits (all values in
percent, by weight):
C < 0.20
Mn < 1.30
P < 0.020
S < 0.015
Nb 0.05
V 0.05
Nb+V 0.08
CE (IIW) 0.420
Mn Cr Mo V Ni Cu
with CE(IIW) C
6 5 15
(However, the limitation on carbon equivalent values does not apply if items are not welded and
are not supposed to be welded in the future).

4.4.3.4 Hardness Evaluation


CLAS forgings shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer.
Maximum hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5 except for ASTM A105/A105M where the
maximum hardness shall not exceed 187 HBW.

4.4.4 CLAS Castings


For pressure containing parts, CLAS Casting materials may be proposed as substitute to forged
materials if agreed in writing by Company
Cast iron such as ASTM A395/A395M is not authorized.
CLAS Castings shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer.
Parts shall be made from ASTM A216/A216M Grade WCB and ASTM A352/A352M Grade
LCC. Other grades are subject to Company agreement.

4.4.4.1 Steel Making Process


All castings shall be fully killed and fine-grained steel.
Steel shall be produced by Electric Arc or Basic Oxygen processes, followed by a secondary
refining.

4.4.4.2 Process of Manufacture


The material manufacturer shall have a quality system certified in accordance with ISO 9001
and the system shall have undergone a specific assessment for the relevant materials.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 19 of 34

For pressure containing parts:


Cast manufacturing process shall be assessed and approved by the Company for all its extent.
Mechanical Test sampling or previous qualification test records shall also be approved by the
Company.
Castings shall comply with the general and supplemental requirements of ASTM A703/A703M
shall be certified as following by the manufacturer:
The steel shall be produced in an electric furnace or by the basic oxygen process.
Weld repairs shall be documented as soon as they come under section S20 of
ASTM A703/A703M
Heat treatment condition shall be normalized or Quenched and Tempered.
For Quenched and Tempered condition, Temperatures of austenitisation, tempering and
quenching medium shall be stated in the certificate.
All castings shall be proved sound by radiography and shall be stress relieved at 620C to
670C.
All castings repair welds irrespective of size shall be heat treated. PWHT details shall be
mentioned in the certificate.
All repairs shall be performed before the final heat treatment.
Supplemental requirements for pressure containing cast parts are:

4.4.4.3 Chemical Composition


The chemical analysis of castings must comply with the following (in weight percent):
C < 0.23
Mn < 1.35
P < 0.020
S < 0.020
CE (IIW) 0.420
Mn Cr Mo V Ni Cu
with CE(IIW) C
6 5 15
(However, the limitation on carbon equivalent values does not apply if items are not welded and
are not supposed to be welded in the future).

4.4.4.4 Hardness Evaluation


CLAS castings shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer.
Maximum hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 20 of 34

4.4.5 Fittings
Fittings shall be made according to ASTM A105/A105M, ASTM A234/A234M WFB or WFBW,
ASTM A420/A420M WPL6 or WPL6W or ASTM A860/A860M WPHY standards.
Fittings to ASTM A234/A234M WFB are acceptable if hardness does not exceed 197 HBW.
The final fitting product shall meet the chemical composition, steel making process and
evaluation requirements of their respective mother materials sections 4.5.2, 4.5.3 or 4.5.4.

4.4.5.1 Manufacturing Process


In addition to the requirements stated in the mother material section:
Fittings shall be manufactured by a hot forging process in accordance with ASTM A788/A788M
and shall be forged to shape such as the finishing may be achieved with the minimum of
machining.
Cold work (Cold Forging, Forming, Bending) is not permitted unless otherwise approved in
writing by Company.
Machining from round bars is allowed only for small fittings items ( 2) provided that the round
bars meet all the requirements of this section.
Hot work operations must be followed by an appropriate heat treatment with the following
decreasing order to preference:
Quenching and tempering
Normalisation and tempering
Normalisation.
Repair by welding is not allowed.

4.4.5.2 Hardness Evaluation


Fittings shall be certified NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 by the manufacturer.
Maximum hardness value shall not exceed 248 HV5.

4.4.6 Bolting
Bolting shall comply with NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156 requirements when in contact with any
concentration of wet H2S.
Ferritic steel bolts and nuts shall conform to NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2. As an example, the
following materials are acceptable:

For Threaded rods:


ASTM A307 grade B, carbon steel with grain refinement or normalising after manufacture
if cold-formed. Maximum hardness 22 HRC
ASTM A193/A193M grade B7M and ASTM A320/A320M grade L7M Cr Mo steel with
maximum hardness 22 HRC.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 21 of 34

For Nuts:
ASTM A194/A194M grade 2HM, carbon steel, maximum hardness 22 HRC
ASTM A320/A320M grade L7M maximum hardness 22 HRC.
Resulphurized steels are not acceptable.

4.5 CRA Materials

4.5.1 General
The use of CRA materials for H2S application shall strictly be in accordance with NACE MR0175
/ ISO 15156-3 and the supplementary terms and conditions detailed in the specification GS
MOO COR 170 and this specification.
When required by GS MOO COR 170; corrosion tests on CRA materials shall be performed by
the manufacturer or a laboratory approved by the Company. Test method and acceptance
criteria shall be as stated in GS MOO COR 170.

Steel Making Process


Steel making shall be Electric Arc Furnace or Basic Oxygen Furnace. Ladle full chemical
analyses shall be mentioned in the certificate.

4.5.2 Supplementary limits of application for Martensitic Stainless Steels and


Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels
13% Cr Stainless Steels
13% Cr Stainless Steels such as ASTM A182/A182M F6, ASTM A743/A743M CA15 shall not
be used in sour service applications.

Precipitation hardened Martensitic Stainless Steels


Precipitation hardened Martensitic Stainless Steels such as 17-4pH (UNS S17400), 15-5pH
(UNS S15500), UNS S45000 shall not be used for pressure containing parts in sour service
applications.
For non pressure containing parts and if all the GS MOO COR 170 requirements are fulfilled:
ASTM A564/A564M grade 630, XM-12 or XM-25 (if made from bar), or
ASTM A705/A705M grade 630, XM-12 or XM-25 (if made from forging). May be used if
agreed by Company in writing.
The chemical composition and heat treatment conditions of such steel shall meet the GS
MOO COR 170 requirements.
A Vickers hardness Evaluation shall be performed on the through thickness of the finished
product according to ASTM E384 standard or EN ISO 6507-1. The test frequency shall be
1 specimen per heat and heat treatment lot. Maximum hardness value shall not exceed
325 HV5.
Cold work is authorized only if followed by an ageing.
Welding repair is not authorized.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 22 of 34

4.5.3 Supplementary limits to Ferritic Stainless Steels


Ferritic Stainless Steels AISI type 410S may be used for sour service applications if not welded
and not cold worked finished and if agreed by Company in writing.
The chemical composition shall meet NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-3 requirements.
Such stainless steels shall be heat treated in the annealed condition and shall give a hardness
level below 248 HV5.

4.5.4 Supplementary limits of application for Austenitic Stainless Steels


In addition to GS MOO COR 170 requirements,
Austenitic Stainless Steel parts shall be made from the following UNS Numbers: S32100,
S34700, S31600, S31603 and S20910.
The chemical composition shall meet NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-3 requirements.
If welding, this steel shall be low carbon (C 0.003).
The material shall be made as per the relevant ASTM Standards and as per the supplementary
requirements detailed in Table 1.
ASTM A439 TP grades Austenitic ductile cast irons are not authorized by the Company.
Austenitic stainless steels shall be free of cold work intended to enhance their mechanical
properties.
Parts of austenitic stainless steel cold-formed by rolling, bending or stamping shall be quench-
annealed a second time if the permanent deformation exceeds 10%.
The material delivery condition shall be in the solution-annealed condition.
Austenitic stainless steels shall be hardness tested. (Maximum values: 240 HV5 except for
UNS20910 where a maximum hardness of 325 HV5 is acceptable).

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 23 of 34

Table 1 - Austenitic Stainless Steel ASTM list for sour service applications
UNS
Type of Steel ASTM reference Supplementary requirements
Number
Rolled Sheet S31603 ASTM A240/A240M 316L No welding repairs allowed
S32100 ASTM A240/A240M 321
S34700 ASTM A240/A240M 347
Seamless S31603 ASTM A312/A312M TP316L S1
Pipes S32100 ASTM A312/A312M TP321 No welding repairs allowed
Welded Pipes S31603 ASTM A358/A358M Gr.316L EFW pipes Class 1
S32100 ASTM A358/A358M Gr.321 No welding repairs allowed on
base material
Forgings / S31600 ASTM A182/A182M F 316 S2, S3, S6
Flanges S31603 ASTM A182/A182M F 316L No welding repairs allowed
S32100 ASTM A182/A182M F 321
S20910 ASTM A182/A182M XM-19
Fittings S31603 ASTM A403/A403M WP 316L -S or WX types, Weld
(2) (3) S32100 ASTM A403/A403M WP 321 No welding repairs allowed
Castings S31600 ASTM A351/A351M C8FM S5, S6
(1) S32100 ASTM A351/A351M C8FC S5, S6
Weld repairs shall be
documented as soon as they
come under section S20 of
ASTM A703/A703M
All castings repair welds
irrespective of size shall be heat
treated.
Tubes (Heat S30403 ASTM A213/A213M/A249 TP304L No welding repairs allowed
Exchangers) S31603 ASTM A213/A213M/A249 TP316L
S32100 ASTM A213/A213M/A249 TP321
S34700 ASTM A213/A213M/A249 TP347
N08904 ASTM A249 N08904

(1) Austenitic stainless steels castings are subject to Company approval. If welding repairs are required
to the bodies of cast equipment in type 304 or 316 stainless steel, the procedure shall be subject to
approval.
(2) Machining from round bars is allowed only for small fittings items ( 2) provided that the round bars
meet all the requirements of the forging materials.

4.5.5 Supplementary limits of application for Duplex Stainless Steels


UNS S31803 Duplex and Superduplex S32750, S32760, may be used for sour service
applications.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 24 of 34

In addition to the requirements of GS MOO COR 170, Duplex base material procurement shall
meet the requirements GS MOO PVV 619.

4.5.6 Supplementary limits of application for Nickel base Alloys


UNS N06625, N08825 may be used for pressure vessels in sour service equipment.
UNS N06625, N08825, N07718, N04400, N05500 may be used in sour service for piping
pressure containing parts.
Precipitation hardening type material such as UNS N07718 or UNS N07750 shall be never
welded or weld overlaid.
Any equipment or process pipework made of nickel base alloys shall comply with GS MOO
COR 170 requirements with respect to hardness level, microstructure, chemical composition,
grade, cold working and heat treatment conditions.
Materials shall be made as defined in Table 2.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 25 of 34

Table 2 - Nickel Base Alloys ASTM list for sour service application
ASTM reference for sour
Type of Steel UNS Number Supplementary requirements
service applications
Rolled Sheet N06625 ASTM B443 UNS.N06625 Gr.1 No welding repairs allowed
Seamless N06625 ASTM B444 UNS.N06625 Gr.1 No welding repairs allowed
Pipes
Welded Pipes N06625 ASTM B705 UNS.N06625 Gr.1 Class 2, Weld 100%RT
No welding repairs allowed on
base metal
Forgings N06625 ASTM B564 UNS.N06625
N08825 ASTM B564 UNS.N08825
N04400 ASTM B564 UNS.N04400
N05500 ASTM B865 UNS.N05500* *For Non Pressure Parts only
N07718 ASTM B637 UNS.N07718
Bars N06625 ASTM B446 UNS.N06625
N08825 ASTM B425 UNS.N08825
N04400 ASTM B164 UNS.N04400
N05500 ASTM B865 UNS.N05500* *For Non Pressure Parts only
N07718 ASTM B637 UNS.N07718
Fittings N06625 ASTM B366 UNS.N06625 WP-S or WP-WX
ASTM B564 UNS.N06625 No welding repairs allowed
Castings N06625 ASTM A494/A494M CW-6MC S2, S3
Weld repairs shall be
documented as soon as they
come under section S20 of
ASTM A703/A703M
All castings repair welds
irrespective of size shall be heat
treated.
Not to be welded in fabrication
Flanges N06625 ASTM B564 UNS.N06625
Tubes (Heat N06625 ASTM B163 UNS.N06625
Exchangers) N08825 ASTM B163 UNS.N06625

4.5.7 CRA Metallic Clad and overlays


The terms and conditions of GS MOO COR 170 shall apply respectively for base support
material, clad and weld overlays.
CRA lining (mechanically bonded) steel products are not authorized for sour service application.
Explosively clad, roll bonded or fusion-bonded corrosion resistant overlay such as austenitic
(316L and 904L) or nickel alloy (Inconel 625 or 825) are considered to be effective barriers to

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 26 of 34

the sulphide environment when they are within their safe limit of use. Where such clad/overlays
are employed, the backing CLAS does not need to conform to these specification requirements
and NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2.
In all other case and if the equipment base material is partially cladded or overlaid or if the
integrity of the clad/overlay may be compromised such as an erosion threat, then the backing
steel shall be conform to this specification.

4.5.7.1 Supplementary requirements to Clad Material Plate


Process of Manufacture and Material
Clad plates shall be made according to ASTM A264 / ASTM A265:
CRA plates shall be conform to the requirements stated in sections 4.5 of this specification shall
be applied.

Hardness Evaluation on CRA plate of the finished products


A Vickers hardness Evaluation shall be performed on the through thickness of the finished
product according to ASTM E384 standard or EN ISO 6507-1. The test frequency shall be 1
specimen per heat.
Maximum hardness values shall be respectively 325 HV5 for Nickel base alloys and 248 HV5 for
Austenitic Stainless Steels on clad CRA area.

4.5.7.2 Supplementary requirements to Weld Overlay Material


Metallic welding overlay shall be performed according to GS MOO PVV 611 and section 7 of
this specification.

4.5.8 Bolting
Bolting shall comply with NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156 requirements when in contact with any
concentration of wet H2S.
Where austenitic stainless steel bolts and nuts are required, these items shall be free from cold
work; they shall be solution treated after thread forming, etc. as outlines as follows:
Bolts shall be Class 1A of ASTM A193/A193M e.g. B8MA (type 316) solution treated after
all cold work including thread forming)
Nuts shall be of the "A" suffix variety of ASTM A194/A194M e.g. Grade 8MA (type 316)
solution treated after all hot or cold working.
Resulphurized steels are not acceptable.

4.5.9 Bellows
Bellows shall comply with the NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156 requirement when in contact with any
concentration of wet Hydrogen Sulphide (see GS MOO COR 170).

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 27 of 34

Austenitic stainless steel shall not be used for bellows beyond 50% of their minimum specified
yield strength otherwise material selection may be made according to the process conditions
from the following:
Alloy 825 (UNS N 08825)
Alloy 625 (UNS N 06625)
Alloy 400 (UNS N 04400).
Other materials may be proposed for approval by the Company.
The manufacturing procedure shall comply with the requirements of the NACE MR0175 /
ISO 15156.

4.5.10 Springs and spring lock washers


Springs shall be made of a material resistant to environmental corrosion cracking in the
presence of H2S and shall comply with this Specification.
The materials may be selected from among alloy 600 (UNS N 06600), alloy 625 (UNS
N 06625), alloy X718 (UNS N 07718), alloy 825 (UNS N 08825), alloy 400 (UNS N 04400), alloy
17-4 PH (UNS S 17400), low alloy CrMo steel (steel 41XX and its modifications).

4.6 Other Construction Materials


Pressure vessels in sour service constructed from materials other than carbon, carbon
manganese and low-alloy steel e.g. austenitic or austenitic-ferritic stainless steel or internally
clad vessels or other high alloy corrosion resistant alloy as defined in this specification shall be
subject to the Company for approval.

4.7 Other Metallic Coating and Surface Treatment


Only metallurgical bonding such as clad and overlay are considered as an effective barrier to
H2S in this specification.

4.7.1 Metallic Coating


Electroless deposited nickel/phosphorus or electroless deposited nickel/phosphorus alloy for the
first plating, followed by electro-deposited chromium plating are acceptable. The procedures are
subject to Company approval.
Cadmium plating and galvanisation are prohibited, because these metals corrode rapidly in
contact with H2S.

4.7.2 Other Surface Treatment


Chromizing, chromating, nitriding or liquid or gas phase carbonitriding are unacceptable for
good resistance to sulphide stress cracking in the presence of H2S.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 28 of 34

5. Welding Procedure Qualification Tests of CLAS Materials


5.1 Welding procedures qualification tests

5.1.1 General
Previously qualified welding procedures meeting the requirements here below shall be
submitted to Company for approval. Previously qualified procedures will be only considered if:
Steel used for previous qualification met the requirements of this specification
CE of material to be used in fabrication does not exceeds 0.02 of the CE of the material
used for the previous qualifications
The tests shall be carried out according to the requirements of the contractual documents
and, in particular, shall comply with this General Specification
Same Steel Maker as that to be used for the fabrication. (For pressure vessel plates
welding only)
Same as-delivery condition as that to be used for the fabrication. (For pressure vessel
plates welding only).
Laboratory tests shall be performed in an official laboratory approved by the Company and
certified ISO 17025. Sufficient advance notice shall allow the Company to witness all or part of
the tests at their discretion.

5.1.2 Additional welding essential variables


In addition to GS MOO PVV 611, the weld procedure qualification shall include the following
essential variables:
Any increase of Carbon Equivalent (CE) by more than 0.02.
Any decrease in heat input qualified by less than 10%.
Any change of class, size and trade-name of welding consumables.
Any decrease in the preheat or increase in the interpass temperature.
Any change on the post welding heat conditions.
Any repair performed with a different welding process than the main weld one, is subject
to a full qualification.
Any change from double side to single side welding but not converse and any change of
the Gouging method.
The additional essential variables mentioned here below are applicable for pressure vessels
plates welding only:
Any change of Steel maker as that to be used in fabrication.
Any change of the as-delivery condition.
Any change from butt to Fillet or branch connection and vice-versa. (A mock-up shall be
performed for fillet and branch connections with the same welding parameters of the butt

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
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General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 29 of 34

weld PQR in order to demonstrate the hardness performances as per NACE MR0175 /
ISO 15156-2 indentation sketches.
A butt weld partial thickness repair hardness mock-up shall be performed for each main
weld PQT as according to NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 indentation sketches. In this
case, any change of the steel as per section 5.1.2 requires a new hardness mock-up
qualification.
A partial thickness qualification covers for a cap repair (two passes minimum) and thru-
thickness configurations.
Note: The plate material for qualification for pressure vessel shall selected among the maximum
thicknesses that are intended to be used on fabrication.

5.1.3 Particular requirements for Hardness Testing


In addition to ASME BPVC Section IX requirements, Welding procedure qualification shall also
include Vickers Hardness Testing.
Each qualification test shall include one cross-section hardness survey specimens with
VICKERS hardness testing under 5 kg load.
In lieu of what is required in the specification GS MOO PVV 611, a complete survey of the Heat
Affected Zone shall be performed according to the NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2 indentation
sketches clause 7.3.
The test method shall be as per ASTM E384 standard.
The distance between indentations shall be a maximum of 1 mm.
The location of each indentation shall be in the most critical microstructure (as far as hardness
is considered) and shall be approximately at 0.3 mm from the fusion line in the base material.
The results shall not exceed 248 HV5.

5.1.4 Corrosion tests of weldments


When required by GS MOO COR 170, corrosion tests on CLAS welds shall be performed by the
in a laboratory approved by the Company. Test method and acceptance criteria shall be as
stated in GS MOO COR 170.

6. Welding Procedure Qualification Testing of CRA materials


CRA materials welding shall meet the requirements of their relevant general specifications plus
the following supplementary requirements:

6.1 General
Previously qualified welding procedures meeting the requirements here below shall be
submitted to Company for approval. Previously qualified procedures will be only considered if:
CRA materials used for previous qualification met the requirements of this specification
Hardness testing has been performed in compliance with this specification
If required, Corrosion testing has been performed in compliance with this specification.

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reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 30 of 34

Laboratory tests shall be performed in an official laboratory approved by the Company and
certified ISO 17025. Sufficient advance notice shall allow the Company to witness all or part of
the tests at their discretion.

6.1.1 Additional welding essential variables


Any change of class, size and trade-name of welding consumables.
Any change from double side to single side welding but not converse and any change of the
Gouging method.

6.2 Supplementary requirements for Austenitic Stainless Steel Welding


Each qualification test shall include one cross-section hardness survey with VICKERS hardness
testing under 5 kg load. Method shall be the same as explained in section 5.1.3 of this
specification.
The hardness of the HAZ and the weld areas after welding shall not exceed the maximum
hardness allowed for the base material as detailed in section A2.2 of NACE MR0175 /
ISO 15156-3.

6.3 Supplementary requirements for Duplex Stainless Steel Welding


Duplex stainless steel welding shall meet the requirements of GS MOO PVV 614.

6.4 Supplementary requirements for Nickel Base Alloy Welding


Nickel Base Alloy welding shall meet the requirements of GS MOO PVV 618.
Each qualification test shall include one cross-section hardness survey specimens with
VICKERS hardness testing under 5 kg load. Method shall be the same as explained in section
5.1.3 of this specification.
Hardness testing on qualification welds shall be carried out and the maximum hardness shall be
below 325 HV5.

7. Welding Procedure Qualification Testing of CRA overlay


CRA overlay welding shall meet the requirements of GS MOO PVV 611 and NACE MR0175 /
ISO 15156-2 clause 7.3.3.3 and A2.1.5 and also NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-3 clause 6.2.3.3.
A1.5.1 and A13.
The following requirements shall apply during WPQ testing and shall be performed after final
heat treatment if any:

Hardness Evaluation
A Vickers hardness Evaluation shall be performed according to NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2
hardness indentation traverses and as per ASTM E384 standard or EN ISO 6507-1.
Maximum hardness values in weld metal shall be below: 248 Hv5 for austenitic stainless steel
weld overlay (316L or 904L) and 325 HV5 for Nickel base alloys weld overlay (Inconel 625 or
825).

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 31 of 34

Chemical Analysis
Chemical analysis testing as detailed in GS MOO PVV 611 shall meet the requirements of the
chemical composition detailed in NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-3 Appendix D.

8. Design / Fabrication
8.1 General
The Manufacturer shall comply with the following:
Design and/or fabrication rules described in the regulations in force and the construction
code adopted
Limitation to the strict minimum of the number of taps and nozzles on pressure vessels.

8.2 Welding preparation and fit up


No Arc Air gouging is allowed except for repair welding on CLAS only.
Bevels shall be ground to white metal after any cutting operations.
DPI / MPI and UT lamination check shall be performed on the bevel of plate and SAW pipes
prior any welding activities.
The welding of temporary attachments shall be limited to the minimum. Tack welding operations
shall be performed according to an approved WPS. Removal of tack welds shall be done by
grinding. The ground zone shall be subject to MPI/DPI and surface hardness testing.
No arc striking shall be accepted outside the bevel. Welds of temporary parts and accidental arc
striking shall be ground flush. The ground zone shall be subject to magnetic particle or dye
penetrant examination and hardness testing.

8.3 Preheating
Preheating temperatures shall be obtained by permanent heating systems for temperatures
required at 150C and above.

8.4 Production Welding


No fabrication shall start until the materials certificates and the results of the Welding Procedure
Qualification Tests have been submitted to Company.
No welding is allowed on cold formed areas.
Dissimilar joining (except for clad overlay activities) is not allowed on any pressure parts unless
otherwise approved by Company in writing.

8.5 Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT)


All equipment and pipework in CLAS must be subject to a post weld heat treatment, irrespective
of their thickness, except for socket welds on sizes less than two inches in diameter.
The post weld heat treatment must be performed in accordance with the requirements of the
design code even though the thickness of the material may be below the minimum value

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 32 of 34

requiring such a heat treatment. The soaking time must be a minimum of one hour; the heat
treatment temperature shall be a minimum of 600C 10C.

8.5.1 Approval of heat-treatment procedure


For equipment which is to be post-weld heat treated, the following information shall be
submitted to the Company for approval:
Details of the method of heating, e.g. furnace, electric resistance, induction, etc.
Details of the position of thermocouples
Special requirements for heat-treatment, e.g. if it were proposed to post-weld heat treat a
heat-exchanger tube bundle incorporating tube end welding
Copies of relevant heat treatment charts on completion.

8.6 Sour service with alkalis/amines


For sour service in association with alkalis, amines or other alkaline process fluids, which are
related to downstream applications, API RP 945 and the Company requirements shall be the
systematic post weld heat treatment of welds with the exception of low pressure storage tanks.

8.7 Identification, stamping, marking

8.7.1 H2S Marking


The identification: GS MOO PVV 612
of each piece supplied in accordance with this specification, shall be carried out by cold
stamping surrounded by yellow paint. The use of low stress stamps is mandatory.

8.7.2 Hard stamps


Conventional sharp "V" stamping is acceptable only on the outer circumferences of flanges.
Round "V" stamps may be used elsewhere, providing the identities are placed on the external
surfaces of low stress areas.

9. Inspection
9.1 General
For CLAS fabrication, Documentation and inspection reports shall be provided to prove the
identities of all materials of construction and to establish that the correct heat treatment has
been applied so that the finished product complies fully with this Specification.

9.2 Positive Material Identification


A PMI procedure for the reception of the CRA base material and the checking of non-mixing of
welding consumables during fabrication shall be issued as per GS MOO PVV 611 for Company
approval.
As a minimum each heat of base material and welding consumables shall be verified.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 33 of 34

9.3 Monitoring during Fabrication

9.3.1 Welding parameters checking


Heat Input during production welding shall be within the ranges as stated in the WPS.
For CLAS fabrication, a welding parameters monitoring procedure during fabrication shall be
issued for Company approval.

9.3.2 Surface Hardness Checking


Inspection and hardness checking shall be performed on both materials and weldments.

CLAS Materials
Dealing with base materials, First At reception on worksite (three satisfactory measurements
prior their use in fabrication) and after PWHT as defined in GS MOO PVV 611 section 11.
Dealing with weldments, each weld (after PWHT if any) shall be surface hardness tested at two
opposite locations.
When the pipe has a horizontal axis, the 2 testing positions to be used correspond to the top
and bottom.
Each test comprises:
3 measurements in the weld metal zone
3 measurements in the HAZ only if demonstrated feasible.
"EQUOTYP" or equivalent hardness devices are prohibited. Penetrator devices (Ultrasonic
impedance method) are strongly recommended. The accuracy and reliability of the measuring
device shall be verified and validated on a representative specimen, laboratory-tested
beforehand. A Hardness measurement procedure shall be issued for Company approval.
Personnel shall be familiar with the equipment and an execution procedure shall be submitted
to Company for approval.
The equipment shall be duly calibrated before its use.
Unless otherwise demonstrated not practicable, the requirement applies to both the outside
surface (cap) and the inside surface (root side or inner cap side) of welds.
Maximum values obtained shall be below 248 HV5.
In case of hardness measurements can be realistically taken only in weld metal and parent
material, acceptability of the heat affected zones shall be based on Vickers Hardness
measurements performed on a cross-section specimens, which shall be sampled from specific
production tests.

9.3.3 CLAS Production Testing


For small items, (e.g. small springs, pins, small tubes, etc.) which cannot be hardness tested
individually, the Manufacturer shall conduct tests on a random basis by selecting components
from production runs or stores batches to ensure that the product complies fully with this
specification. A procedure shall be subject to approval by the Company. This requirement does
not apply to austenitic alloy supplied in the solution annealed condition.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.
General Specification GS MOO PVV 612

Piping and equipment subject to severe sour service. Metallurgical and welding requirements

Rev.: 00 Effective date: 01/2016 Page: 34 of 34

When the HAZ cannot be tested or where surface hardness testing is not practicable (radius
curvature, internal diameter, weld design), a hardness production test programme shall be
submitted for Company approval. Hardness traverses shall be performed according to
NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156-2.
Production tests for pressure vessel shall be performed according to the relevant design
general specification.
For piping applications, as a minimum:
If less than 100 production welds are to be performed for each qualified WPS and on each
construction site or each package fabrication: no welding production test is required.
If more than 100 production welds are to be performed for each qualified WPS and on each
construction site or each package fabrication: the number of welding production tests shall be 1
every 100 welds minimum. The welding production test shall be performed on the highest Ceq
range for CLAS Materials.
In addition, the Company reserves the right to request to test any doubtful production weld (i.e.
for instance, non compliance with the WPS).
Additionally, the Company inspectors may carry out random hardness checks. Where hardness
values in excess of the requirements of this Specification and the NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156
are obtained the part shall be rejected.
Maximum values obtained shall be below 248 HV5.
In case fabrication tests are required in the contractual documents, they shall include both
hardness tests and microstructure examination with the same acceptance criteria as stated in
this section.

This document is the property of MOO, it contains confidential information which may not be disclosed to any third party,
reproduced, stored or transmitted without the prior written consent of MOO.
The information contained in this document does not substitute to the applicable laws and regulations.