Você está na página 1de 11

Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________

this time of the year. Since hunting is difficult, March 20 - New Moon. The Moon will
This astronomy calendar this moon has also been known by some tribes located on the same side of the Earth as the
as the Full Hunger Moon, since the harsh Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
of celestial events contains dates weather made hunting difficult. This phase occurs at 09:36 UTC. This is the
for notable celestial events best time of the month to observe faint objects
including moon phases, meteor February 6 - Jupiter at Opposition. The such as galaxies and star clusters because there
showers, eclipses, oppositions, giant planet will be at its closest approach to is no moonlight to interfere.
Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by
conjunctions, and other the Sun. It will be brighter than any other time March 20 - Total Solar Eclipse. A total solar
interesting events. Most of the of the year and will be visible all night long. eclipse occurs when the moon completely
astronomical events on this This is the best time to view and photograph blocks the Sun, revealing the Sun's beautiful
calendar can be seen with unaided Jupiter and its moons. A medium-sized outer atmosphere known as the corona. The
eye, although some may require a telescope should be able to show you some of path of totality for this eclipse will be limited
the details in Jupiter's cloud bands. A good to the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans
good pair of binoculars for best pair of binoculars should allow you to see between Greenland and northern Russia.
viewing. Many of these events and Jupiter's four largest moons, appearing as (NASA Map and Eclipse Information)
dates used here were obtained bright dots on either side of the planet. (NASA Interactive Google Map)
from the U.S. Naval Observatory,
February 18 - New Moon. The Moon will March 20 - March Equinox. The March
The Old Farmer's Almanac., and located on the same side of the Earth as the equinox occurs at 22:45 UTC. The Sun will
the American Meteor Society. All Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. shine directly on the equator and there will be
dates and times are given in This phase occurs at 23:47 UTC. This is the nearly equal amounts of day and night
Coordinated Universal Time best time of the month to observe faint objects throughout the world. This is also the first day
(UTC) must be converted to your such as galaxies and star clusters because there of spring (vernal equinox) in the Northern
is no moonlight to interfere. Hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal
local time.
equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.
February 22 - Conjunction of Venus and
For 2015 Mars. A conjunction of Venus and Mars will April 4 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
January 3, 4 - Quadrantids Meteor be visible on February 22. The two bright located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
Shower. The Quadrantids is an above average planets will be visible within only half a Sun and its face will be will be fully
shower, with up to 40 meteors per hour at its degree of each other in the evening sky. Look illuminated. This phase occurs at 12:05 UTC.
peak. It is thought to be produced by dust for this impressive sight in the west just after This full moon was known by early Native
grains left behind by an extinct comet known sunset. American tribes as the Full Pink Moon
as 2003 EH1, which was discovered in 2003. because it marked the appearance of the moss
February 24 - Mercury at Greatest pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the
The shower runs annually from January 1-5. It Western Elongation. The planet Mercury
peaks this year on the night of the 3rd and first spring flowers. This moon has also been
reaches greatest western elongation of 26.7 known as the Sprouting Grass Moon, the
morning of the 4th. Unfortunately the nearly degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to
full moon will block out all but the brightest Growing Moon, and the Egg Moon. Many
view Mercury since it will be at its highest coastal tribes called it the Full Fish Moon
meteors this year. Best viewing will be from a point above the horizon in the morning sky.
dark location after midnight. Meteors will because this was the time that the shad swam
Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just upstream to spawn.
radiate from the constellation Bootes, but can before sunrise.
appear anywhere in the sky. April 4 - Total Lunar Eclipse. A total lunar
March 5 - Full Moon. The Moon will be eclipse occurs when the Moon passes
January 5 - Full Moon. The Moon will be located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the completely through the Earth's dark shadow,
Sun and its face will be will be fully or umbra. During this type of eclipse, the
Sun and its face will be will be fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 18:06 UTC.
illuminated. This phase occurs at 04:54 UTC. Moon will gradually get darker and then take
This full moon was known by early Native on a rusty or blood red color. The eclipse will
This full moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Worm Moon
American tribes as the Full Wolf Moon be visible throughout most of North America,
because this was the time of year when the South America, eastern Asia, and Australia.
because this was the time of year when hungry ground would begin to soften and the
wolf packs howled outside their camps. This (NASA Map and Eclipse Information)
earthworms would reappear. This moon has
moon has also been know as the Old Moon and also been known as the Full Crow Moon, the April 13 - 18 - International Dark Sky
the Moon After Yule. Full Crust Moon, the Full Sap Moon, and the Week. International Dark Sky Week is held
January 20 - New Moon. The Moon will Lenten Moon. during the week of the new moon in April. It
located on the same side of the Earth as the is a week during which people worldwide turn
March 6 - Dawn at Ceres. NASAs Dawn out their outdoor lights in order to observe the
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. spacecraft will encounter the dwarf planet
This phase occurs at 13:14 UTC. This is the wonders of the night sky without light
known as Ceres on March 6. Ceres is the pollution. It has been endorsed by
best time of the month to observe faint objects largest object in the asteroid belt between
such as galaxies and star clusters because there the International Dark-Sky Association,
Mars and Jupiter. Because of its size and the American Astronomical Society,
is no moonlight to interfere. shape, it has officially been classified as a the Astronomical League. So go ahead and
February 3 - Full Moon. The Moon will be dwarf planet, which puts it in the same turn out your outdoor lights this week to
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the category as Pluto. Ceres is 590 miles (950 appreciate the beauty of the night sky!
Sun and its face will be will be fully kilometers) in diameter and is large enough to
illuminated. This phase occurs at 23:09 UTC. have a round shape. Dawn will spend several April 18 - New Moon. The Moon will located
This full moon was known by early Native months studying Ceres and will send back the on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and
American tribes as the Full Snow Moon first close-up images of a dwarf planet in our will not be visible in the night sky. This phase
because the heaviest snows usually fell during Solar System. occurs at 18:56 UTC. This is the best time of
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
the month to observe faint objects such as May 7 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern from the Sun. This is the best time to view
galaxies and star clusters because there is no Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches Mercury since it will be at its highest point
moonlight to interfere. greatest eastern elongation of 21.2 degrees above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for
from the Sun. This is the best time to view the planet low in the eastern sky just before
April 22, 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower. The Mercury since it will be at its highest point sunrise.
Lyrids is an average shower, usually above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for
producing about 20 meteors per hour at its the planet low in the western sky just after July 1 - Conjunction of Venus and
peak. It is produced by dust particles left sunset. Jupiter. A spectacular conjunction of Venus
behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher, which and Jupiter will be visible in the evening sky.
was discovered in 1861. The shower runs May 18 - New Moon. The Moon will located The two bright planets will be extremely close,
annually from April 16-25. It peaks this year on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and appearing only 0.3 degrees apart. Look for this
on the night of the night of the 22nd and will not be visible in the night sky. This phase impressive pairing in the western sky just after
morning of the 23rd. These meteors can occurs at 04:13 UTC. This is the best time of sunset.
sometimes produce bright dust trails that last the month to observe faint objects such as
for several seconds. The first quarter moon galaxies and star clusters because there is no July 2 - Full Moon. The Moon will be located
will set shortly after midnight, leaving fairly moonlight to interfere. on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and
dark skies for the what could be a good show. its face will be will be fully illuminated. This
Best viewing will be from a dark location after May 23 - Saturn at Opposition. The ringed phase occurs at 02:19 UTC. This full moon
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the planet will be at its closest approach to Earth was known by early Native American tribes as
constellation Lyra, but can appear anywhere in and its face will be fully illuminated by the the Full Buck Moon because the male buck
the sky. Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of deer would begin to grow their new antlers at
the year and will be visible all night long. This this time of year. This moon has also been
April 25 - International Astronomy is the best time to view and photograph Saturn known as the Full Thunder Moon and the Full
Day. Astronomy Day is an annual event and its moons. A medium-sized or larger Hay Moon.
intended to provide a means of interaction telescope will allow you to see Saturn's rings
between the general public and various and a few of its brightest moons. July 14 - New Horizons at Pluto. NASAs
astronomy enthusiasts, groups and New Horizons spacecraft is scheduled to
professionals. The theme of Astronomy Day is June 2 - Full Moon. The Moon will be arrive at Pluto after a nine and a half year
"Bringing Astronomy to the People," and on located on the opposite side of the Earth as the journey. Launched on January 19, 2006, this
this day astronomy and stargazing clubs and Sun and its face will be will be fully will be the first spacecraft to visit Pluto. New
other organizations around the world will plan illuminated. This phase occurs at 16:19 UTC. Horizons will give us our first close-up views
special events. You can find out about special This full moon was known by early Native of the dwarf planet and its moons. After
local events by contacting your local American tribes as the Full Strawberry Moon passing Pluto, the spacecraft will continue on
astronomy club or planetarium. You can also because it signaled the time of year to gather to the Kuiper belt to examine some of the other
find more about Astronomy Day by checking ripening fruit. It also coincides with the peak icy bodies at the edge of the Solar System.
the Web site for the Astronomical League. of the strawberry harvesting season. This
moon has also been known as the Full Rose July 16 - New Moon. The Moon will located
May 4 - Full Moon. The Moon will be located Moon and the Full Honey Moon. on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and
on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. This phase
its face will be will be fully illuminated. This June 6 - Venus at Greatest Eastern occurs at 01:24 UTC. This is the best time of
phase occurs at 03:42 UTC. This full moon Elongation. The planet Venus reaches the month to observe faint objects such as
was known by early Native American tribes as greatest eastern elongation of 45.4 degrees galaxies and star clusters because there is no
the Full Flower Moon because this was the from the Sun. This is the best time to view moonlight to interfere.
time of year when spring flowers appeared in Venus since it will be at its highest point above
the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the July 28, 29 - Delta Aquarids Meteor
abundance. This moon has also been known as
bright planet in the western sky after sunset. Shower. The Delta Aquarids is an average
the Full Corn Planting Moon and the Milk
shower that can produce up to 20 meteors per
Moon.
June 16 - New Moon. The Moon will located hour at its peak. It is produced by debris left
May 5, 6 - Eta Aquarids Meteor on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and behind by comets Marsden and Kracht. The
Shower. The Eta Aquarids is an above will not be visible in the night sky. This phase shower runs annually from July 12 to August
average shower, capable of producing up to 60 occurs at 14:05 UTC. This is the best time of 23. It peaks this year on the night of July 28
meteors per hour at its peak. Most of the the month to observe faint objects such as and morning of July 29. The nearly full moon
activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. In galaxies and star clusters because there is no will block out all but the brightest meteors this
the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach moonlight to interfere. year. But if you are patient, you should still be
about 30 meteors per hour. It is produced by able to catch a quite few good ones. Best
June 21 - June Solstice. The June solstice viewing will be from a dark location after
dust particles left behind by comet Halley,
occurs at 16:38 UTC. The North Pole of the midnight. Meteors will radiate from the
which has known and observed since ancient
earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will constellation Aquarius, but can appear
times. The shower runs annually from April 19
have reached its northernmost position in the anywhere in the sky.
to May 28. It peaks this year on the night of
sky and will be directly over the Tropic of
May 5 and the morning of the May 6. The
Cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude. This is July 31 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
nearly full moon will be a big problem this
the first day of summer (summer solstice) in located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
year blocking out all but the brightest meteors.
the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of Sun and its face will be will be fully
If you are patient, you should still be able to
winter (winter solstice) in the Southern illuminated. This phase occurs at 10:43 UTC.
catch a few good ones. Best viewing will be
Hemisphere.
from a dark location after midnight. Meteors August 12, 13 - Perseids Meteor
will radiate from the constellation Aquarius, June 24 - Mercury at Greatest Western Shower. The Perseids is one of the best
but can appear anywhere in the sky. Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches meteor showers to observe, producing up to 60
greatest western elongation of 22.5 degrees meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
comet Swift-Tuttle, which was discovered in looking at the Sun's reflection. The partial approach to Earth and its face will be fully
1862. The Perseids are famous for producing a eclipse will only be visible in southern Africa, illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than
large number of bright meteors. The shower Madagascar, and Antarctica. (NASA Map any other time of the year and will be visible
runs annually from July 17 to August 24. It and Eclipse Information) all night long. This is the best time to view
peaks this year on the night of August 12 and Uranus. Due to its distance, it will only appear
the morning of August 13. The thin crescent September 23 - September Equinox. The as a tiny blue-green dot in all but the most
moon will be no match for the bright Perseids September equinox occurs at 08:21 UTC. The powerful telescopes.
this year so be prepared for a great show. Best Sun will shine directly on the equator and there
viewing will be from a dark location after will be nearly equal amounts of day and night October 16 - Mercury at Greatest Western
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the throughout the world. This is also the first day Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches
constellation Perseus, but can appear of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Northern greatest western elongation of 18.1 degrees
anywhere in the sky. Hemisphere and the first day of spring (vernal from the Sun. This is the best time to view
equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere. Mercury since it will be at its highest point
August 14 - New Moon. The Moon will above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for
located on the same side of the Earth as the September 28 - Full Moon, the planet low in the eastern sky just before
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. Supermoon. The Moon will be located on the sunrise.
This phase occurs at 14:53 UTC. This is the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and its
best time of the month to observe faint objects face will be will be fully illuminated. This October 13 - New Moon. The Moon will
such as galaxies and star clusters because there phase occurs at 02:50 UTC. This full moon located on the same side of the Earth as the
is no moonlight to interfere. was known by early Native American tribes as Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
the Full Corn Moon because the corn is This phase occurs at 00:06 UTC. This is the
August 29 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The harvested around this time of year. This moon best time of the month to observe faint objects
Moon will be located on the opposite side of is also known as the Harvest Moon. The such as galaxies and star clusters because there
the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be Harvest Moon is the full moon that occurs is no moonlight to interfere.
fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 18:35 closest to the September equinox each year.
UTC. This full moon was known by early This is also the second of three supermoons for October 21, 22 - Orionids Meteor
Native American tribes as the Full Sturgeon 2015. The Moon will be at its closest approach Shower. The Orionids is an average shower
Moon because the large sturgeon fish of the to the Earth and may look slightly larger and producing up to 20 meteors per hour at its
Great Lakes and other major lakes were more brighter than usual. This will be the closest full peak. It is produced by dust grains left behind
easily caught at this time of year. This moon moon of the year. by comet Halley, which has been known and
has also been known as the Green Corn Moon observed since ancient times. The shower runs
and the Grain Moon. This is also the first of September 28 - Total Lunar Eclipse. A total annually from October 2 to November 7. It
three supermoons for 2015. The Moon will be lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes peaks this year on the night of October 21 and
at its closest approach to the Earth and may completely through the Earth's dark shadow, the morning of October 22. The first quarter
look slightly larger and brighter than usual. or umbra. During this type of eclipse, the moon will set shortly after midnight leaving
Moon will gradually get darker and then take fairly dark skies for what should be a good
September 1 - Neptune at Opposition. The on a rusty or blood red color. The eclipse will show. Best viewing will be from a dark
blue giant planet will be at its closest approach be visible throughout most of North and South location after midnight. Meteors will radiate
to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated America, Europe, Africa, and western Asia. from the constellation Orion, but can appear
by the Sun. It will be brighter than any other (NASA Map and Eclipse Information) anywhere in the sky.
time of the year and will be visible all night
long. This is the best time to view and October 1 - Comet C/2013 US10 October 26 - Venus at Greatest Western
photograph Neptune. Due to its extreme Catalina. Newly discovered comet C/2013 Elongation. The planet Venus reaches
distance from Earth, it will only appear as a US10 Catalina may reach naked eye visibility greatest eastern elongation of 46.4 degrees
tiny blue dot in all but the most powerful on October 1. The comet will continue to from the Sun. This is the best time to view
telescopes. brighten and could reach magnitude 5 by Venus since it will be at its highest point above
November 6. the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the
September 4 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern bright planet in the eastern sky before sunrise.
Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches October 8 - Draconids Meteor Shower. The
greatest eastern elongation of 27 degrees from Draconids is a minor meteor shower producing October 26 - Conjunction of Venus and
the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury only about 10 meteors per hour. It is produced Jupiter. A conjunction of Venus and Jupiter
since it will be at its highest point above the by dust grains left behind by comet 21P will take place on October 26. The two bright
horizon in the evening sky. Look for the planet Giacobini-Zinner, which was first discovered planets will be visible within 1 degree of each
low in the western sky just after sunset. in 1900. The Draconids is an unusual shower other in the early morning sky. Look to the east
in that the best viewing is in the early evening just before sunrise for this impressive
September 13 - New Moon. The Moon will instead of early morning like most other planetary pair.
located on the same side of the Earth as the showers. The shower runs annually from
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. October 6-10 and peaks this year on the the October 27 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The
This phase occurs at 06:41 UTC. This is the night of the 8th. The second quarter moon will Moon will be located on the opposite side of
best time of the month to observe faint objects block out all but the brightest meteors this the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be
such as galaxies and star clusters because there year. If you are patient, you may be able to fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 12:05
is no moonlight to interfere. spot a few good ones. Best viewing will be in UTC. This full moon was known by early
the early evening from a dark location far Native American tribes as the Full Hunters
September 13 - Partial Solar Eclipse. A away from city lights. Meteors will radiate Moon because at this time of year the leaves
partial solar eclipse occurs when the Moon from the constellation Draco, but can appear are falling and the game is fat and ready to
covers only a part of the Sun, sometimes anywhere in the sky. hunt. This moon has also been known as the
resembling a bite taken out of a cookie. A Travel Moon and the Blood Moon. This is also
partial solar eclipse can only be safely October 11 - Uranus at Opposition. The the last of three supermoons for 2015. The
observed with a special solar filter or by blue-green planet will be at its closest Moon will be at its closest approach to the
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
Earth and may look slightly larger and brighter December 7 - Conjunction of the Moon and the Moon Before Yule and the Full Long
than usual. Venus. A conjunction of the Moon and Venus Nights Moon.
will take place on the morning of December 7.
October 28 - Conjunction of Venus, Mars, The crescent moon will come with 2 degrees December 29 - Mercury at Greatest
and Jupiter. A rare, 3-planet conjunction will of bright planet Venus in the early morning Eastern Elongation. The planet Mercury
be visible on the morning of October 28. The sky. Look to the east just before sunrise. reaches greatest eastern elongation of 19.7
planets Venus, Mars, and Jupiter will all form degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to
a tight 1-degree triangle in the early morning December 11 - New Moon. The Moon will view Mercury since it will be at its highest
sky. Look to the east just before sunrise for this located on the same side of the Earth as the point above the horizon in the evening sky.
spectacular event. Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. Look for the planet low in the western sky just
This phase occurs at 10:29 UTC. This is the after sunset.
November 5, 6 - Taurids Meteor best time of the month to observe faint objects
Shower. The Taurids is a long-running minor
meteor shower producing only about 5-10
such as galaxies and star clusters because there For 2016
is no moonlight to interfere. January 3, 4 - Quadrantids Meteor
meteors per hour. It is unusual in that it
Shower. The Quadrantids is an above average
consists of two separate streams. The first is December 13, 14 - Geminids Meteor
shower, with up to 40 meteors per hour at its
produced by dust grains left behind by Shower. The Geminids is the king of the
peak. It is thought to be produced by dust
Asteroid 2004 TG10. The second stream is meteor showers. It is considered by many to be
grains left behind by an extinct comet known
produced by debris left behind by Comet 2P the best shower in the heavens, producing up
as 2003 EH1, which was discovered in 2003.
Encke. The shower runs annually from to 120 multicolored meteors per hour at its
The shower runs annually from January 1-5. It
September 7 to December 10. It peaks this year peak. It is produced by debris left behind by an
peaks this year on the night of the 3rd and
on the the night of November 5. The second asteroid known as 3200 Phaethon, which was
morning of the 4th. The second quarter moon
quarter moon will block out all but the discovered in 1982. The shower runs annually
will block out all but the brightest meteors this
brightest meteors this year. If you are patient, from December 7-17. It peaks this year on the
year, but it could still be a good show if you
you may still be able to catch a few good ones. night of the 13th and morning of the 14th. The
are patient. Best viewing will be from a dark
Best viewing will be just after midnight from crescent moon will set early in the evening
location after midnight. Meteors will radiate
a dark location far away from city lights. leaving dark skies for what should be an
from the constellation Bootes, but can appear
Meteors will radiate from the constellation excellent show. Best viewing will be from a
anywhere in the sky.
Taurus, but can appear anywhere in the sky. dark location after midnight. Meteors will
radiate from the constellation Gemini, but can January 10 - New Moon. The Moon will
November 11 - New Moon. The Moon will appear anywhere in the sky. located on the same side of the Earth as the
located on the same side of the Earth as the
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. December 22 - December Solstice. The
This phase occurs at 01:30 UTC. This is the
This phase occurs at 17:47 UTC. This is the December solstice occurs at 04:48 UTC. The
best time of the month to observe faint objects
best time of the month to observe faint objects South Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the
such as galaxies and star clusters because there
such as galaxies and star clusters because there Sun, which will have reached its southernmost
is no moonlight to interfere.
is no moonlight to interfere. position in the sky and will be directly over the
Tropic of Capricorn at 23.44 degrees south January 24 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
November 17, 18 - Leonids Meteor latitude. This is the first day of winter (winter located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
Shower. The Leonids is an average shower, solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the Sun and its face will be will be fully
producing an up to 15 meteors per hour at its first day of summer (summer solstice) in the illuminated. This phase occurs at 01:46 UTC.
peak. This shower is unique in that it has a Southern Hemisphere. This full moon was known by early Native
cyclonic peak about every 33 years where
American tribes as the Full Wolf Moon
hundreds of meteors per hour can be seen. That December 21, 22 - Ursids Meteor
because this was the time of year when hungry
last of these occurred in 2001. The Leonids is Shower. The Ursids is a minor meteor shower
wolf packs howled outside their camps. This
produced by dust grains left behind by comet producing about 5-10 meteors per hour. It is
moon has also been know as the Old Moon and
Tempel-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1865. produced by dust grains left behind by comet
the Moon After Yule.
The shower runs annually from November 6- Tuttle, which was first discovered in 1790.
30. It peaks this year on the night of the 17th The shower runs annually from December 17- February 7 - Mercury at Greatest Western
and morning of the 18th. The first quarter 25. It peaks this year on the the night of the Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches
moon will set shortly after midnight leaving 21st and morning of the 22nd. This year the greatest western elongation of 25.6 degrees
fairly dark skies for what could be a good waxing gibbous moon will be bright enough to from the Sun. This is the best time to view
show. Best viewing will be from a dark hide most of the fainter meteors. If you are Mercury since it will be at its highest point
location after midnight. Meteors will radiate patient, you might still be able to catch some above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for
from the constellation Leo, but can appear of the brighter ones. Best viewing will be just the planet low in the eastern sky just before
anywhere in the sky. after midnight from a dark location far away sunrise.
from city lights. Meteors will radiate from the
November 25 - Full Moon. The Moon will be constellation Ursa Minor, but can appear February 8 - New Moon. The Moon will
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the anywhere in the sky. located on the same side of the Earth as the
Sun and its face will be will be fully Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
illuminated. This phase occurs at 22:44 UTC. December 25 - Full Moon. The Moon will be This phase occurs at 14:39 UTC. This is the
This full moon was known by early Native located on the opposite side of the Earth as the best time of the month to observe faint objects
American tribes as the Full Beaver Moon Sun and its face will be will be fully such as galaxies and star clusters because there
because this was the time of year to set the illuminated. This phase occurs at 11:11 UTC. is no moonlight to interfere.
beaver traps before the swamps and rivers This full moon was known by early Native
froze. It has also been known as the Frosty American tribes as the Full Cold Moon February 22 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
Moon and the Hunter's Moon. because this is the time of year when the cold located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
winter air settles in and the nights become long Sun and its face will be will be fully
and dark. This moon has also been known as illuminated. This phase occurs at 18:20 UTC.
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
This full moon was known by early Native eastern Australia, the Pacific Ocean, and the about 30 meteors per hour. It is produced by
American tribes as the Full Snow Moon west coast of North America including Alaska. dust particles left behind by comet Halley,
because the heaviest snows usually fell during (NASA Map and Eclipse Information) which has known and observed since ancient
this time of the year. Since hunting is difficult, times. The shower runs annually from April 19
this moon has also been known by some tribes April 7 - New Moon. The Moon will located to May 28. It peaks this year on the night of
as the Full Hunger Moon, since the harsh on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and May 6 and the morning of the May 7. The new
weather made hunting difficult. will not be visible in the night sky. This phase moon will ensure dark skies this year for what
occurs at 11:24 UTC. This is the best time of could be an excellent show. Best viewing will
March 8 - Jupiter at Opposition. The giant the month to observe faint objects such as be from a dark location after midnight.
planet will be at its closest approach to Earth galaxies and star clusters because there is no Meteors will radiate from the constellation
and its face will be fully illuminated by the moonlight to interfere. Aquarius, but can appear anywhere in the sky.
Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of
the year and will be visible all night long. This April 18 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern May 9 - Rare Transit of Mercury Across
is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches the Sun. The planet Mercury will move
and its moons. A medium-sized telescope greatest eastern elongation of 19.9 degrees directly between the Earth and the Sun.
should be able to show you some of the details from the Sun. This is the best time to view Viewers with telescopes and approved solar
in Jupiter's cloud bands. A good pair of Mercury since it will be at its highest point filters will be able to observe the dark disk of
binoculars should allow you to see Jupiter's above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the planet Mercury moving across the face of
four largest moons, appearing as bright dots on the planet low in the western sky just after the Sun. This is an extremely rare event that
either side of the planet. sunset. occurs only once every few years. There will
be one other transit of Mercury in 2019 and
March 9 - New Moon. The Moon will located April 22 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
then the next one will not take place until
on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
2039. This transit will be visible throughout
will not be visible in the night sky. This phase Sun and its face will be will be fully
North America, Mexico, Central America,
occurs at 01:54 UTC. This is the best time of illuminated. This phase occurs at 05:24 UTC.
South America, and parts of Europe, Asia, and
the month to observe faint objects such as This full moon was known by early Native
Africa. The best place to view this event in its
galaxies and star clusters because there is no American tribes as the Full Pink Moon
entirety will be the eastern United States and
moonlight to interfere. because it marked the appearance of the moss
eastern South America. (Transit Visibility
pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the
Map and Information)
March 9 - Total Solar Eclipse. A total solar first spring flowers. This moon has also been
eclipse occurs when the moon completely known as the Sprouting Grass Moon, the May 21 - Full Moon, Blue Moon. The Moon
blocks the Sun, revealing the Sun's beautiful Growing Moon, and the Egg Moon. Many will be located on the opposite side of the
outer atmosphere known as the corona. The coastal tribes called it the Full Fish Moon Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be
path of totality will only be visible in parts of because this was the time that the shad swam fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 21:15
central Indonesia and the Pacific Ocean. A upstream to spawn. UTC. This full moon was known by early
partial eclipse will be visible in most parts of Native American tribes as the Full Flower
northern Australia and southeast Asia. (NASA April 22, 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower. The
Moon because this was the time of year when
Map and Eclipse Information) (NASA Lyrids is an average shower, usually
spring flowers appeared in abundance. This
Interactive Google Map) producing about 20 meteors per hour at its
moon has also been known as the Full Corn
peak. It is produced by dust particles left
Planting Moon and the Milk Moon. Since this
March 20 - March Equinox. The March behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher, which
is the third of four full moons in this season, it
equinox occurs at 04:30 UTC. The Sun will was discovered in 1861. The shower runs
is known as a blue moon. This rare calendar
shine directly on the equator and there will be annually from April 16-25. It peaks this year
event only happens once every few years,
nearly equal amounts of day and night on the night of the night of the 22nd and
giving rise to the term, once in a blue moon.
throughout the world. This is also the first day morning of the 23rd. These meteors can
There are normally only three full moons in
of spring (vernal equinox) in the Northern sometimes produce bright dust trails that last
each season of the year. But since full moons
Hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal for several seconds. Unfortunately this year
occur every 29.53 days, occasionally a season
equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere. the glare from the full moon will block out all
will contain 4 full moons. The extra full moon
but the brightest meteors. If you are patient,
March 23 - Full Moon. The Moon will be of the season is known as a blue moon. Blue
you should still be able to catch a few good
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the moons occur on average once every 2.7 years.
ones. Best viewing will be from a dark location
Sun and its face will be will be fully after midnight. Meteors will radiate from the May 22 - Mars at Opposition. The red planet
illuminated. This phase occurs at 12:02 UTC. constellation Lyra, but can appear anywhere in will be at its closest approach to Earth and its
This full moon was known by early Native the sky. face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. It
American tribes as the Full Worm Moon
will be brighter than any other time of the year
because this was the time of year when the May 6 - New Moon. The Moon will located
and will be visible all night long. This is the
ground would begin to soften and the on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and
best time to view and photograph Mars. A
earthworms would reappear. This moon has will not be visible in the night sky. This phase
medium-sized telescope will allow you to see
also been known as the Full Crow Moon, the occurs at 19:29 UTC. This is the best time of
some of the dark details on the planet's orange
Full Crust Moon, the Full Sap Moon, and the the month to observe faint objects such as
surface.
Lenten Moon. galaxies and star clusters because there is no
moonlight to interfere. June 3 - Saturn at Opposition. The ringed
March 23 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. A
planet will be at its closest approach to Earth
penumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the May 6, 7 - Eta Aquarids Meteor
and its face will be fully illuminated by the
Moon passes through the Earth's partial Shower. The Eta Aquarids is an above
Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of
shadow, or penumbra. During this type of average shower, capable of producing up to 60
the year and will be visible all night long. This
eclipse the Moon will darken slightly but not meteors per hour at its peak. Most of the
is the best time to view and photograph Saturn
completely. The eclipse will be visible activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. In
and its moons. A medium-sized or larger
throughout most of extreme eastern Asia, the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
telescope will allow you to see Saturn's rings grow their new antlers at this time of year. This The two bright planets will be extremely close,
and a few of its brightest moons. moon has also been known as the Full Thunder appearing only 0.06 degrees apart. Look for
Moon and the Full Hay Moon. this impressive pairing in the western sky just
June 5 - New Moon. The Moon will located after sunset.
on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and July 28, 29 - Delta Aquarids Meteor
will not be visible in the night sky. This phase Shower. The Delta Aquarids is an average September 1 - New Moon. The Moon will
occurs at 02:59 UTC. This is the best time of shower that can produce up to 20 meteors per located on the same side of the Earth as the
the month to observe faint objects such as hour at its peak. It is produced by debris left Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
galaxies and star clusters because there is no behind by comets Marsden and Kracht. The This phase occurs at 09:03 UTC. This is the
moonlight to interfere. shower runs annually from July 12 to August best time of the month to observe faint objects
23. It peaks this year on the night of July 28 such as galaxies and star clusters because there
June 5 - Mercury at Greatest Western and morning of July 29. The second quarter is no moonlight to interfere.
Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches moon will block most of the fainter meteors
greatest western elongation of 24.2 degrees this year but if you are patient you should still September 1 - Annular Solar Eclipse. An
from the Sun. This is the best time to view be able to catch quite a few good ones. Best annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is
Mercury since it will be at its highest point viewing will be from a dark location after too far away from the Earth to completely
above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for midnight. Meteors will radiate from the cover the Sun. This results in a ring of light
the planet low in the eastern sky just before constellation Aquarius, but can appear around the darkened Moon. The Sun's corona
sunrise. anywhere in the sky. is not visible during an annular eclipse. The
path of the eclipse will begin off the eastern
June 20 - Full Moon. The Moon will be August 2 - New Moon. The Moon will coast of central Africa and travel through
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the located on the same side of the Earth as the Gabon, Congo, Tanzania, and Madagascar
Sun and its face will be will be fully Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. before ending in the Indian Ocean. A partial
illuminated. This phase occurs at 11:02 UTC. This phase occurs at 20:44 UTC. This is the eclipse will be visible throughout most of
This full moon was known by early Native best time of the month to observe faint objects Africa and the Indian Ocean. (NASA Map
American tribes as the Full Strawberry Moon such as galaxies and star clusters because there and Eclipse Information) (NASA
because it signaled the time of year to gather is no moonlight to interfere. Interactive Google Map)
ripening fruit. It also coincides with the peak
of the strawberry harvesting season. This August 12, 13 - Perseids Meteor September 3 - Neptune at Opposition. The
moon has also been known as the Full Rose Shower. The Perseids is one of the best blue giant planet will be at its closest approach
Moon and the Full Honey Moon. meteor showers to observe, producing up to 60 to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated
meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by by the Sun. It will be brighter than any other
June 20 - June Solstice. The June solstice comet Swift-Tuttle, which was discovered in time of the year and will be visible all night
occurs at 22:34 UTC. The North Pole of the 1862. The Perseids are famous for producing a long. This is the best time to view and
earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will large number of bright meteors. The shower photograph Neptune. Due to its extreme
have reached its northernmost position in the runs annually from July 17 to August 24. It distance from Earth, it will only appear as a
sky and will be directly over the Tropic of peaks this year on the night of August 12 and tiny blue dot in all but the most powerful
Cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude. This is the morning of August 13. The waxing telescopes.
the first day of summer (summer solstice) in gibbous moon will set shortly after midnight,
the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of leaving fairly dark skies for should be an September 16 - Full Moon. The Moon will
winter (winter solstice) in the Southern excellent early morning show. Best viewing be located on the opposite side of the Earth as
Hemisphere. will be from a dark location after midnight. the Sun and its face will be will be fully
Meteors will radiate from the constellation illuminated. This phase occurs at 19:05 UTC.
July 4 - New Moon. The Moon will located This full moon was known by early Native
Perseus, but can appear anywhere in the sky.
on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and American tribes as the Full Corn Moon
will not be visible in the night sky. This phase August 16 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern because the corn is harvested around this time
occurs at 11:01 UTC. This is the best time of Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches of year. This moon is also known as the
the month to observe faint objects such as greatest eastern elongation of 27.4 degrees Harvest Moon. The Harvest Moon is the full
galaxies and star clusters because there is no from the Sun. This is the best time to view moon that occurs closest to the September
moonlight to interfere. Mercury since it will be at its highest point equinox each year.
above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for
July 4 - Juno at Jupiter. NASAs Juno September 16 - Penumbral Lunar
the planet low in the western sky just after
spacecraft is scheduled to arrive at Jupiter after Eclipse. A penumbral lunar eclipse occurs
sunset.
a five year journey. Launched on August 5, when the Moon passes through the Earth's
2011, Juno will be inserted into a polar orbit August 18 - Full Moon. The Moon will be partial shadow, or penumbra. During this type
around the giant planet on or around July 4, located on the opposite side of the Earth as the of eclipse the Moon will darken slightly but
2016. From this orbit the spacecraft will study Sun and its face will be will be fully not completely. The eclipse will be visible
Jupiters atmosphere and magnetic field. Juno illuminated. This phase occurs at 09:26 UTC. throughout most of eastern Europe, eastern
will remain in orbit until October 2017, when This full moon was known by early Native Africa, Asia, and western Australia. (NASA
the spacecraft will be de-orbited to crash into American tribes as the Full Sturgeon Moon Map and Eclipse Information)
Jupiter. because the large sturgeon fish of the Great
Lakes and other major lakes were more easily September 22 - September Equinox. The
July 19 - Full Moon. The Moon will be September equinox occurs at 14:21 UTC. The
caught at this time of year. This moon has also
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun will shine directly on the equator and there
been known as the Green Corn Moon and the
Sun and its face will be will be fully will be nearly equal amounts of day and night
Grain Moon.
illuminated. This phase occurs at 22:57 UTC. throughout the world. This is also the first day
This full moon was known by early Native August 27 - Conjunction of Venus and of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Northern
American tribes as the Full Buck Moon Jupiter. A spectacular conjunction of Venus Hemisphere and the first day of spring (vernal
because the male buck deer would begin to and Jupiter will be visible in the evening sky. equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
September 28 - Mercury at Greatest the morning of October 22. The second quarter constellation Leo, but can appear anywhere in
Western Elongation. The planet Mercury moon will block some of the fainter meteors the sky.
reaches greatest western elongation of 17.9 this year, but the Orionids tend to be fairly
degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to bright so it could still be a good show. Best November 29 - New Moon. The Moon will
view Mercury since it will be at its highest viewing will be from a dark location after located on the same side of the Earth as the
point above the horizon in the morning sky. midnight. Meteors will radiate from the Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just constellation Orion, but can appear anywhere This phase occurs at 12:18 UTC. This is the
before sunrise. in the sky. best time of the month to observe faint objects
such as galaxies and star clusters because there
October 1 - New Moon. The Moon will October 30 - New Moon. The Moon will is no moonlight to interfere.
located on the same side of the Earth as the located on the same side of the Earth as the
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. December 11 - Mercury at Greatest
This phase occurs at 00:11 UTC. This is the This phase occurs at 17:38 UTC. This is the Eastern Elongation. The planet Mercury
best time of the month to observe faint objects best time of the month to observe faint objects reaches greatest eastern elongation of 20.8
such as galaxies and star clusters because there such as galaxies and star clusters because there degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to
is no moonlight to interfere. is no moonlight to interfere. view Mercury since it will be at its highest
point above the horizon in the evening sky.
October 7 - Draconids Meteor Shower. The November 4, 5 - Taurids Meteor Look for the planet low in the western sky just
Draconids is a minor meteor shower producing Shower. The Taurids is a long-running minor after sunset.
only about 10 meteors per hour. It is produced meteor shower producing only about 5-10
by dust grains left behind by comet 21P meteors per hour. It is unusual in that it December 13, 14 - Geminids Meteor
Giacobini-Zinner, which was first discovered consists of two separate streams. The first is Shower. The Geminids is the king of the
in 1900. The Draconids is an unusual shower produced by dust grains left behind by meteor showers. It is considered by many to be
in that the best viewing is in the early evening Asteroid 2004 TG10. The second stream is the best shower in the heavens, producing up
instead of early morning like most other produced by debris left behind by Comet 2P to 120 multicolored meteors per hour at its
showers. The shower runs annually from Encke. The shower runs annually from peak. It is produced by debris left behind by an
October 6-10 and peaks this year on the the September 7 to December 10. It peaks this year asteroid known as 3200 Phaethon, which was
night of the 7th. The first quarter moon will on the the night of November 4. The first discovered in 1982. The shower runs annually
block the fainter meteors in the early evening. quarter moon will set just after midnight from December 7-17. It peaks this year on the
It will set shortly after midnight leaving darker leaving dark skies for viewing. Best viewing night of the 13th and morning of the 14th. The
skies for observing any lingering stragglers. will be just after midnight from a dark location nearly full moon will block out many of the
Best viewing will be in the early evening from far away from city lights. Meteors will radiate fainter meteors this year, but the Geminids are
a dark location far away from city lights. from the constellation Taurus, but can appear so bright and numerous that it could still be a
Meteors will radiate from the constellation anywhere in the sky. good show. Best viewing will be from a dark
Draco, but can appear anywhere in the sky. location after midnight. Meteors will radiate
November 14 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The from the constellation Gemini, but can appear
October 15 - Uranus at Opposition. The Moon will be located on the opposite side of anywhere in the sky.
blue-green planet will be at its closest the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be
approach to Earth and its face will be fully fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 13:52 December 14 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The
illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than UTC. This full moon was known by early Moon will be located on the opposite side of
any other time of the year and will be visible Native American tribes as the Full Beaver the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be
all night long. This is the best time to view Moon because this was the time of year to set fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 00:06
Uranus. Due to its distance, the planet will the beaver traps before the swamps and rivers UTC. This full moon was known by early
only appear as a tiny blue-green dot in all but froze. It has also been known as the Frosty Native American tribes as the Full Cold Moon
the most powerful telescopes. Moon and the Hunter's Moon. This is also the because this is the time of year when the cold
second of three supermoons for 2016. The winter air settles in and the nights become long
October 16 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The Moon will be at its closest approach to the and dark. This moon has also been known as
Moon will be located on the opposite side of Earth and may look slightly larger and brighter the Full Long Nights Moon and the Moon
the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be than usual. Before Yule. This is also the last of three
fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 04:23 supermoons for 2016. The Moon will be at its
UTC. This full moon was known by early November 17, 18 - Leonids Meteor closest approach to the Earth and may look
Native American tribes as the Full Hunters Shower. The Leonids is an average shower, slightly larger and brighter than usual.
Moon because at this time of year the leaves producing up to 15 meteors per hour at its
are falling and the game is fat and ready to peak. This shower is unique in that it has a December 21 - December Solstice. The
hunt. This moon has also been known as the cyclonic peak about every 33 years where December solstice occurs at 10:44 UTC. The
Travel Moon and the Blood Moon. This is also hundreds of meteors per hour can be seen. That South Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the
the first of three supermoons for 2016. The last of these occurred in 2001. The Leonids is Sun, which will have reached its southernmost
Moon will be at its closest approach to the produced by dust grains left behind by comet position in the sky and will be directly over the
Earth and may look slightly larger and brighter Tempel-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1865. Tropic of Capricorn at 23.44 degrees south
than usual. The shower runs annually from November 6- latitude. This is the first day of winter (winter
30. It peaks this year on the night of the 17th solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the
October 21, 22 - Orionids Meteor and morning of the 18th. The waning gibbous first day of summer (summer solstice) in the
Shower. The Orionids is an average shower moon will block many of the fainter meteors Southern Hemisphere.
producing up to 20 meteors per hour at its this year, but if you are patient you should be
peak. It is produced by dust grains left behind December 21, 22 - Ursids Meteor
able to catch quite a few good ones. Best
by comet Halley, which has been known and Shower. The Ursids is a minor meteor shower
viewing will be from a dark location after
observed since ancient times. The shower runs producing about 5-10 meteors per hour. It is
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the
annually from October 2 to November 7. It produced by dust grains left behind by comet
peaks this year on the night of October 21 and Tuttle, which was first discovered in 1790.
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
The shower runs annually from December 17- Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. nearly equal amounts of day and night
25. It peaks this year on the the night of the This phase occurs at 00:07 UTC. This is the throughout the world. This is also the first day
21st and morning of the 22nd. The second best time of the month to observe faint objects of spring (vernal equinox) in the Northern
quarter moon will block many of the fainter such as galaxies and star clusters because there Hemisphere and the first day of fall (autumnal
meteors. But if you are patient, you might still is no moonlight to interfere. equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere.
be able to catch a few of the brighter ones. Best
viewing will be just after midnight from a dark February 11 - Full Moon. The Moon will be March 28 - New Moon. The Moon will
location far away from city lights. Meteors located on the opposite side of the Earth as the located on the same side of the Earth as the
will radiate from the constellation Ursa Minor, Sun and its face will be will be fully Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
but can appear anywhere in the sky. illuminated. This phase occurs at 00:33 UTC. This phase occurs at 02:58 UTC. This is the
This full moon was known by early Native best time of the month to observe faint objects
December 29 - New Moon. The Moon will American tribes as the Full Snow Moon such as galaxies and star clusters because there
located on the same side of the Earth as the because the heaviest snows usually fell during is no moonlight to interfere.
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. this time of the year. Since hunting is difficult,
This phase occurs at 06:53 UTC. This is the this moon has also been known by some tribes April 1 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern
best time of the month to observe faint objects as the Full Hunger Moon, since the harsh Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches
such as galaxies and star clusters because there weather made hunting difficult. greatest eastern elongation of 19 degrees from
is no moonlight to inter the Sun. This is the best time to view Mercury
February 11 - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse. A since it will be at its highest point above the
penumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the planet
For 2017 Moon passes through the Earth's partial low in the western sky just after sunset.
fere. shadow, or penumbra. During this type of
eclipse the Moon will darken slightly but not April 7 - Jupiter at Opposition. The giant
January 3, 4 - Quadrantids Meteor completely. The eclipse will be visible planet will be at its closest approach to Earth
Shower. The Quadrantids is an above average throughout most of eastern South America, and its face will be fully illuminated by the
shower, with up to 40 meteors per hour at its eastern Canada, the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of
peak. It is thought to be produced by dust Africa, and western Asia. (NASA Map and the year and will be visible all night long. This
grains left behind by an extinct comet known Eclipse Information) is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter
as 2003 EH1, which was discovered in 2003. and its moons. A medium-sized telescope
The shower runs annually from January 1-5. It February 26 - New Moon. The Moon will should be able to show you some of the details
peaks this year on the night of the 3rd and located on the same side of the Earth as the in Jupiter's cloud bands. A good pair of
morning of the 4th. The first quarter moon will Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. binoculars should allow you to see Jupiter's
set shortly after midnight leaving fairly dark This phase occurs at 14:59 UTC. This is the four largest moons, appearing as bright dots on
skies for what could be a good show. Best best time of the month to observe faint objects either side of the planet.
viewing will be from a dark location after such as galaxies and star clusters because there
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the is no moonlight to interfere. April 11 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
constellation Bootes, but can appear anywhere located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
in the sky. February 26 - Annular Solar Eclipse. An Sun and its face will be will be fully
annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon is illuminated. This phase occurs at 06:08 UTC.
January 12 - Full Moon. The Moon will be too far away from the Earth to completely This full moon was known by early Native
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the cover the Sun. This results in a ring of light American tribes as the Full Pink Moon
Sun and its face will be will be fully around the darkened Moon. The Sun's corona because it marked the appearance of the moss
illuminated. This phase occurs at 11:34 UTC. is not visible during an annular eclipse. The pink, or wild ground phlox, which is one of the
This full moon was known by early Native path of the eclipse will begin off the coast of first spring flowers. This moon has also been
American tribes as the Full Wolf Moon Chile and pass through southern Chile and known as the Sprouting Grass Moon, the
because this was the time of year when hungry southern Argentina, across the southern Growing Moon, and the Egg Moon. Many
wolf packs howled outside their camps. This Atlantic Ocean, and into Angola and Congo in coastal tribes called it the Full Fish Moon
moon has also been know as the Old Moon and Africa. A partial eclipse will be visible because this was the time that the shad swam
the Moon After Yule. throughout parts of southern South America upstream to spawn.
and southwestern Africa.
January 12 - Venus at Greatest Eastern (NASA Map and Eclipse Information) April 22, 23 - Lyrids Meteor Shower. The
Elongation. The planet Venus reaches (NASA Interactive Google Map) Lyrids is an average shower, usually
greatest eastern elongation of 47.1 degrees producing about 20 meteors per hour at its
from the Sun. This is the best time to view March 12 - Full Moon. The Moon will be peak. It is produced by dust particles left
Venus since it will be at its highest point above located on the opposite side of the Earth as the behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thatcher, which
the horizon in the evening sky. Look for the Sun and its face will be will be fully was discovered in 1861. The shower runs
bright planet in the western sky after sunset. illuminated. This phase occurs at 14:54 UTC. annually from April 16-25. It peaks this year
This full moon was known by early Native on the night of the night of the 22nd and
January 19 - Mercury at Greatest Western American tribes as the Full Worm Moon morning of the 23rd. These meteors can
Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches because this was the time of year when the sometimes produce bright dust trails that last
greatest western elongation of 24.1 degrees ground would begin to soften and the for several seconds. The crescent moon should
from the Sun. This is the best time to view earthworms would reappear. This moon has not be too much of a problem this year. Skies
Mercury since it will be at its highest point also been known as the Full Crow Moon, the should still be dark enough for a good show.
above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for Full Crust Moon, the Full Sap Moon, and the Best viewing will be from a dark location after
the planet low in the eastern sky just before Lenten Moon. midnight. Meteors will radiate from the
sunrise. constellation Lyra, but can appear anywhere in
March 20 - March Equinox. The March the sky.
January 28 - New Moon. The Moon will equinox occurs at 10:29 UTC. The Sun will
located on the same side of the Earth as the shine directly on the equator and there will be
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
April 26 - New Moon. The Moon will located American tribes as the Full Strawberry Moon July 30 - Mercury at Greatest Eastern
on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and because it signaled the time of year to gather Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches
will not be visible in the night sky. This phase ripening fruit. It also coincides with the peak greatest eastern elongation of 27.2 degrees
occurs at 12:17 UTC. This is the best time of of the strawberry harvesting season. This from the Sun. This is the best time to view
the month to observe faint objects such as moon has also been known as the Full Rose Mercury since it will be at its highest point
galaxies and star clusters because there is no Moon and the Full Honey Moon. above the horizon in the evening sky. Look for
moonlight to interfere. the planet low in the western sky just after
June 15 - Saturn at Opposition. The ringed sunset.
May 6, 7 - Eta Aquarids Meteor planet will be at its closest approach to Earth
Shower. The Eta Aquarids is an above and its face will be fully illuminated by the August 7 - Full Moon. The Moon will be
average shower, capable of producing up to 60 Sun. It will be brighter than any other time of located on the opposite side of the Earth as the
meteors per hour at its peak. Most of the the year and will be visible all night long. This Sun and its face will be will be fully
activity is seen in the Southern Hemisphere. In is the best time to view and photograph Saturn illuminated. This phase occurs at 18:11 UTC.
the Northern Hemisphere, the rate can reach and its moons. A medium-sized or larger This full moon was known by early Native
about 30 meteors per hour. It is produced by telescope will allow you to see Saturn's rings American tribes as the Full Sturgeon Moon
dust particles left behind by comet Halley, and a few of its brightest moons. because the large sturgeon fish of the Great
which has known and observed since ancient Lakes and other major lakes were more easily
times. The shower runs annually from April 19 June 21 - June Solstice. The June solstice caught at this time of year. This moon has also
to May 28. It peaks this year on the night of occurs at 04:24 UTC. The North Pole of the been known as the Green Corn Moon and the
May 6 and the morning of the May 7. The earth will be tilted toward the Sun, which will Grain Moon.
waxing gibbous moon will block out many of have reached its northernmost position in the
the fainter meteors this year. But if you are sky and will be directly over the Tropic of August 7 - Partial Lunar Eclipse. A partial
patient, you should be able to catch quite a few Cancer at 23.44 degrees north latitude. This is lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes
of the brighter ones. Best viewing will be from the first day of summer (summer solstice) in through the Earth's partial shadow, or
a dark location after midnight. Meteors will the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of penumbra, and only a portion of it passes
radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but winter (winter solstice) in the Southern through the darkest shadow, or umbra. During
can appear anywhere in the sky. Hemisphere. this type of eclipse a part of the Moon will
darken as it moves through the Earth's shadow.
May 10 - Full Moon. The Moon will be June 24 - New Moon. The Moon will located The eclipse will be visible throughout most of
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and eastern Africa, central Asia, the Indian Ocean,
Sun and its face will be will be fully will not be visible in the night sky. This phase and Australia. (NASA Map and Eclipse
illuminated. This phase occurs at 21:42 UTC. occurs at 02:31 UTC. This is the best time of Information)
This full moon was known by early Native the month to observe faint objects such as
American tribes as the Full Flower Moon galaxies and star clusters because there is no August 12, 13 - Perseids Meteor
because this was the time of year when spring moonlight to interfere. Shower. The Perseids is one of the best
flowers appeared in abundance. This moon has meteor showers to observe, producing up to 60
July 9 - Full Moon. The Moon will be located meteors per hour at its peak. It is produced by
also been known as the Full Corn Planting
on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun and comet Swift-Tuttle, which was discovered in
Moon and the Milk Moon.
its face will be will be fully illuminated. This 1862. The Perseids are famous for producing a
May 17 - Mercury at Greatest Western phase occurs at 04:07 UTC. This full moon large number of bright meteors. The shower
Elongation. The planet Mercury reaches was known by early Native American tribes as runs annually from July 17 to August 24. It
greatest western elongation of 25.8 degrees the Full Buck Moon because the male buck peaks this year on the night of August 12 and
from the Sun. This is the best time to view deer would begin to grow their new antlers at the morning of August 13. The waning
Mercury since it will be at its highest point this time of year. This moon has also been gibbous moon will block out many of the
above the horizon in the morning sky. Look for known as the Full Thunder Moon and the Full fainter meteors this year, but the Perseids are
the planet low in the eastern sky just before Hay Moon. so bright and numerous that it should still be a
sunrise. good show. Best viewing will be from a dark
July 23 - New Moon. The Moon will located
location after midnight. Meteors will radiate
May 25 - New Moon. The Moon will located on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and
from the constellation Perseus, but can appear
on the same side of the Earth as the Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. This phase
anywhere in the sky.
will not be visible in the night sky. This phase occurs at 09:46 UTC. This is the best time of
occurs at 19:45 UTC. This is the best time of the month to observe faint objects such as August 21 - New Moon. The Moon will
the month to observe faint objects such as galaxies and star clusters because there is no located on the same side of the Earth as the
galaxies and star clusters because there is no moonlight to interfere. Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
moonlight to interfere. This phase occurs at 18:30 UTC. This is the
July 28, 29 - Delta Aquarids Meteor
best time of the month to observe faint objects
June 3 - Venus at Greatest Western Shower. The Delta Aquarids is an average
such as galaxies and star clusters because there
Elongation. The planet Venus reaches shower that can produce up to 20 meteors per
is no moonlight to interfere.
greatest eastern elongation of 45.9 degrees hour at its peak. It is produced by debris left
from the Sun. This is the best time to view behind by comets Marsden and Kracht. The August 21 - Total Solar Eclipse. A total solar
Venus since it will be at its highest point above shower runs annually from July 12 to August eclipse occurs when the moon completely
the horizon in the morning sky. Look for the 23. It peaks this year on the night of July 28 blocks the Sun, revealing the Sun's beautiful
bright planet in the eastern sky before sunrise. and morning of July 29. The crescent moon outer atmosphere known as the corona. This is
will set by midnight, leaving dark skies for a rare, once-in-a-lifetime eventfor viewers in
June 9 - Full Moon. The Moon will be what should be a good early morning show. the United States. The last total solar eclipse
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the Best viewing will be from a dark location after visible in the continental United States
Sun and its face will be will be fully midnight. Meteors will radiate from the occurred in 1979 and the next one will not take
illuminated. This phase occurs at 13:10 UTC. constellation Aquarius, but can appear place until 2024. The path of totality will begin
This full moon was known by early Native anywhere in the sky. in the Pacific Ocean and travel through the
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
center of the United States. The total eclipse occurs closest to the September equinox each meteors per hour. It is unusual in that it
will be visible in parts of Oregon, Idaho, year. consists of two separate streams. The first is
Wyoming, Nebraska, Missouri, Kentucky, produced by dust grains left behind by
Tennessee, North Carolina, and South October 7 - Draconids Meteor Shower. The Asteroid 2004 TG10. The second stream is
Carolina before ending in the Atlantic Ocean. Draconids is a minor meteor shower producing produced by debris left behind by Comet 2P
A partial eclipse will be visible in most of only about 10 meteors per hour. It is produced Encke. The shower runs annually from
North America and parts of northern South by dust grains left behind by comet 21P September 7 to December 10. It peaks this year
America. (NASA Map and Eclipse Giacobini-Zinner, which was first discovered on the the night of November 4. Unfortunately
Information | Detailed Zoomable Map of in 1900. The Draconids is an unusual shower the glare from the full moon will block out all
Eclipse Path) in that the best viewing is in the early evening but the brightest meteors. If you are extremely
instead of early morning like most other patient, you may still be able to catch a few
September 5 - Neptune at Opposition. The showers. The shower runs annually from good ones. Best viewing will be just after
blue giant planet will be at its closest approach October 6-10 and peaks this year on the the midnight from a dark location far away from
to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated night of the 7th. Unfortunately, the nearly full city lights. Meteors will radiate from the
by the Sun. It will be brighter than any other moon will block all but the brightest meteors constellation Taurus, but can appear anywhere
time of the year and will be visible all night this year. If you are extremely patient, you in the sky.
long. This is the best time to view and may be able to catch a few good ones. Best
photograph Neptune. Due to its extreme viewing will be in the early evening from a November 13 - Conjunction of Venus and
distance from Earth, it will only appear as a dark location far away from city lights. Jupiter. A spectacular conjunction of Venus
tiny blue dot in all but the most powerful Meteors will radiate from the constellation and Jupiter will be visible in the evening sky.
telescopes. Draco, but can appear anywhere in the sky. The two bright planets will be extremely close,
appearing only 0.3 degrees apart. Look for this
September 6 - Full Moon. The Moon will be October 19 - New Moon. The Moon will impressive pairing in the Eastern sky just
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the located on the same side of the Earth as the before sunrise.
Sun and its face will be will be fully Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
illuminated. This phase occurs at 07:03 UTC. This phase occurs at 19:12 UTC. This is the November 17, 18 - Leonids Meteor
This full moon was known by early Native best time of the month to observe faint objects Shower. The Leonids is an average shower,
American tribes as the Full Corn Moon such as galaxies and star clusters because there producing up to 15 meteors per hour at its
because the corn is harvested around this time is no moonlight to interfere. peak. This shower is unique in that it has a
of year. cyclonic peak about every 33 years where
October 19 - Uranus at Opposition. The hundreds of meteors per hour can be seen. That
September 12 - Mercury at Greatest blue-green planet will be at its closest last of these occurred in 2001. The Leonids is
Western Elongation. The planet Mercury approach to Earth and its face will be fully produced by dust grains left behind by comet
reaches greatest western elongation of 17.9 illuminated by the Sun. It will be brighter than Tempel-Tuttle, which was discovered in 1865.
degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to any other time of the year and will be visible The shower runs annually from November 6-
view Mercury since it will be at its highest all night long. This is the best time to view 30. It peaks this year on the night of the 17th
point above the horizon in the morning sky. Uranus. Due to its distance, it will only appear and morning of the 18th. The nearly new moon
Look for the planet low in the eastern sky just as a tiny blue-green dot in all but the most will not be a problem this year. Skies should
before sunrise. powerful telescopes. be dark enough for what should be good show.
Best viewing will be from a dark location after
September 20 - New Moon. The Moon will October 21, 22 - Orionids Meteor
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the
located on the same side of the Earth as the Shower. The Orionids is an average shower
constellation Leo, but can appear anywhere in
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky. producing up to 20 meteors per hour at its
the sky.
This phase occurs at 05:30 UTC. This is the peak. It is produced by dust grains left behind
best time of the month to observe faint objects by comet Halley, which has been known and November 18 - New Moon. The Moon will
such as galaxies and star clusters because there observed since ancient times. The shower runs located on the same side of the Earth as the
is no moonlight to interfere. annually from October 2 to November 7. It Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
peaks this year on the night of October 21 and This phase occurs at 11:42 UTC. This is the
September 22 - September Equinox. The the morning of October 22. The crescent moon best time of the month to observe faint objects
September equinox occurs at 20:02 UTC. The will set early in the evening leaving dark skies such as galaxies and star clusters because there
Sun will shine directly on the equator and there for what should be a good show. Best viewing is no moonlight to interfere.
will be nearly equal amounts of day and night will be from a dark location after midnight.
throughout the world. This is also the first day Meteors will radiate from the constellation November 24 - Mercury at Greatest
of fall (autumnal equinox) in the Northern Orion, but can appear anywhere in the sky. Eastern Elongation. The planet Mercury
Hemisphere and the first day of spring (vernal reaches greatest eastern elongation of 22.0
equinox) in the Southern Hemisphere. November 4 - Full Moon. The Moon will be degrees from the Sun. This is the best time to
located on the opposite side of the Earth as the view Mercury since it will be at its highest
October 5 - Full Moon. Moon will be directly Sun and its face will be will be fully point above the horizon in the evening sky.
opposite the Earth from the Sun and will be illuminated. This phase occurs at 05:23 UTC. Look for the planet low in the western sky just
fully illuminated as seen from Earth. This This full moon was known by early Native after sunset.
phase occurs at 18:40 UTC. This full moon American tribes as the Full Beaver Moon
was known by early Native American tribes as because this was the time of year to set the December 3 - Full Moon, Supermoon. The
the Full Hunters Moon because at this time of beaver traps before the swamps and rivers Moon will be located on the opposite side of
year the leaves are falling and the game is fat froze. It has also been known as the Frosty the Earth as the Sun and its face will be will be
and ready to hunt. This moon has also been Moon and the Hunter's Moon. fully illuminated. This phase occurs at 15:47
known as the Travel Moon and the Blood UTC. This full moon was known by early
Moon. This moon is also known as the Harvest November 4, 5 - Taurids Meteor Native American tribes as the Full Cold Moon
Moon. The Harvest Moon is the full moon that Shower. The Taurids is a long-running minor because this is the time of year when the cold
meteor shower producing only about 5-10 winter air settles in and the nights become long
Astronomy Calendar of Celestial Events _____________________________________________
and dark. This moon has also been known as
the Full Long Nights Moon and the Moon
Before Yule. This is also the only supermoon
for 2017. The Moon will be at its closest
approach to the Earth and may look slightly
larger and brighter than usual.

December 13, 14 - Geminids Meteor


Shower. The Geminids is the king of the
meteor showers. It is considered by many to be
the best shower in the heavens, producing up
to 120 multicolored meteors per hour at its
peak. It is produced by debris left behind by an
asteroid known as 3200 Phaethon, which was
discovered in 1982. The shower runs annually
from December 7-17. It peaks this year on the
night of the 13th and morning of the 14th. The
waning crescent moon will be no match for the
Geminids this year. The skies should still be
dark enough for an excellent show. Best
viewing will be from a dark location after
midnight. Meteors will radiate from the
constellation Gemini, but can appear
anywhere in the sky.

December 18 - New Moon. The Moon will


located on the same side of the Earth as the
Sun and will not be visible in the night sky.
This phase occurs at 06:30 UTC. This is the
best time of the month to observe faint objects
such as galaxies and star clusters because there
is no moonlight to interfere.

December 21 - December Solstice. The


December solstice occurs at 16:28 UTC. The
South Pole of the earth will be tilted toward the
Sun, which will have reached its southernmost
position in the sky and will be directly over the
Tropic of Capricorn at 23.44 degrees south
latitude. This is the first day of winter (winter
solstice) in the Northern Hemisphere and the
first day of summer (summer solstice) in the
Southern Hemisphere.

December 21, 22 - Ursids Meteor


Shower. The Ursids is a minor meteor shower
producing about 5-10 meteors per hour. It is
produced by dust grains left behind by comet
Tuttle, which was first discovered in 1790.
The shower runs annually from December 17-
25. It peaks this year on the the night of the
21st and morning of the 22nd. The crescent
moon will set early in the evening leaving dark
skies for optimal observing. Best viewing will
be just after midnight from a dark location far
away from city lights. Meteors will radiate
from the constellation Ursa Minor, but can
appear anywhere in the sky.

Source: Sea and Sky


(http://www.seasky.org/)